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📢 | The usage fee for the sightseeing limited express "Ayoyoshi" that connects Osaka-Nara-Kyoto has been decided!  


The usage fee for the sightseeing limited express "Ayoyoshi" that connects Osaka-Nara-Kyoto has been decided!  

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We hope that you can take a leisurely trip around Osaka, Nara, and Kyoto on the sightseeing limited express "Ayoyoshi".

Kintetsu will start operating between Osaka Namba, Kintetsu Nara, and Kyoto on April XNUMX, XNUMX (Friday / holiday). → Continue reading


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Sightseeing limited express


As a different notationNara-Heijo-NerakuAnd so on (all readings are "if").Heianjing(京都)The capital has changedAfter thatSouthern cityIt was also called (what).In the old daysYamatoAlso calledHeijokyoAlso corresponded to.


Heijokyo was placedNara periodIsSilk roadInternational as the end point ofTenpyo cultureHas blossomed.And many precious as a city where large cathedrals are lined upCultural propertyWas created.National treasureThe number of buildings is the largest in Japan.In terms of literatureRecord of Ancient Matters,Japanese calligraphy,Manyoshu,FudokiThe oldest historical books and songbooks have been compiled.[Annotation 1]..Even after the transfer of capital to Heiankyo, it was called the southern capital,First generationJapaneseReligious-cultureFormed a great axis in the history of.Old and new events are still held throughout the year,International Tourism and Culture CityMany tourists are visiting both domestically and internationally.2010 In (22)Heijo relocation capital 1300 anniversary commemorative projectWas held.


Before the Heian period, there were many different notations.A part of the source is also attached.

  • Noraku : Nihon Shoki
  • Nora
  • flat : Manyoshu,
  • Heijo : Manyoshu, Shoku Nihongi, Shoku Nihongi, Japanese Spirituality, Heian Remains
  • Name : Manyoshu,
  • Nara : Manyoshu, Shoku Nihongi, Nihon Reigenki, Shosoin Document, Nagaya Royal Mokkan, Heian Remains
  • Nara : Nihon Shoki, Nihon Reigenki
  • often : Manyoshu
  • Nara : Kojiki
  • Naraku
  • Nara : Nihon Shoki
  • Oak : Manyoshu,
  • Nara : Prince Shotoku Taira's biography
  • Yoraku : Japanese spiritual record
  • Neraku : Means the city of peace.Manyoshu-The words "Kami Ning," "Kuru Ning," and "Kai Ning," which mean going up to Nara, coming to Nara, and returning home, are derived from this word.
  • Nuo folk religion : Nihon Shoki


There are various theories about the etymology of Nara, but the ones that are relatively well known are listed.Of these, the second one is considered to be particularly influential.Kunio YanagitaIt is the theory by.

Theory by "Nihon Shoki"
Takehaniyasuhiko MikotoHeaded for rebellion suppressionOhiko lifeThe hill where these troops were here (Heijo hills) Trampled the vegetationJapanese calligraphy』Derived from the record.Emperor SojinThe September XNUMX article states as follows. "In other words, I will lead the spirit soldiers and proceed to climb Mt. Nara to the army. Sometimes I see the government army (Iha) and crawl the plants. ) Therefore, the mountain is called Nazu, and it is called Mt. Nara. 蹢跙, this is called Fuminarasu. "Although this itself is derived from a common place name and few researchers consider it to be a historical fact, it is always mentioned as the oldest historical material, and it is also linguistically related to the Yanagida theory below.
Theory by Kunio Yanagita
It means flat land and refers to gently sloping land.Yanagida "Study of Place Names"[1]What is discussed in.According to Yanagita, the "relatively gentle slope of the hillside" terrain called Tahira in the eastern country and flies in the southern part of Kyushu is called Naru in Chugoku and Shikoku.Naras (verb), Narashi (adverb), and narciss (adjective) are variations.The place name actually called Naru is assigned Chinese characters including "hira" such as "hira", "阝 + flat", and "tsubo", and "the characters prove the meaning".again,Inaba Shi(1795) Yanagida speculates that the illustration in Volume 14 has the furigana of "Naruji" written as "flat land" and was used as a common noun until modern times in this region.Nara and Naro are different species, and in fact, Nara was once written as "Heijo".This theory isJapanese language dictionary, Various place name dictionaries[2][3][4]And local history books[5]However, it has been taken up and can be said to be the most influential.
Theory by Togo Yoshida
Plant "Oak(Oak) ”.Togo Yoshidaby[6]..The plant oak is "Manyoshu(7th-8th centuries)[Annotation 2]And "Harima Country CultureAlready seen in (715), especially in the latterNaraharaThe reason for coming to Narahara and Nazu is to live in this village.Therefore, the description "Kashihara Toifu" can be seen.The Kakugawa Japanese Geographic Names Dictionary also takes up this theory[3], Kusuhara et al. Reject this theory[4].
The theory that it is a loanword from Korean
KoreanA loanword from "나라" (meaning the country).probablyShizuo MatsuokaTo be the beginning[7]..It has already been pointed out that there may be an influence of Korean.Shozaburo KanazawaSeen in "Ningrakuko"[8]..However, both are compared in modern Korean.But in the first placeOld KoreanLittle is known about the reality of the oak, and the word oak can only be found in the literature in the 15th century ("Ryuhi Gotenka(1447)[9], "" (1459), "" (1463), etc.[10]), There is no certainty that this word existed before the 7th century.Appear in these documents in the form of "나랗 (narah)"[Annotation 3], Older * narak It is thought that it was pronounced[11].(English editionThis Korean * narak is the Chinese used sound "Loom" * narakIs a loanword of "Ancient Japanese, which will be described later.GoguryeoInferred to be unrelated to na in the language of[11]..There is also a negative opinion that it cannot be explained that there are many place names other than Nara, such as Nara, Naru, and Naro.[4].
The theory of the relationship with the Tungusic languages
Some Tungusic languages ​​and Japanese[Annotation 4](Furthermore, the language of Goguryeo[13]), Na expresses the meaning of "earth" etc., but there is a theory that the etymology of "Nara" may be related to this.[14].



List the things related to historical Nara in modern times.

Festivals and events

List the things related to historical Nara in modern times.


[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ PillowAsYoshi Aotan(By Ao) "rhetoricIn some cases.
  2. ^ "Who holds the serrata, the oak of the mountain of Mikamo Shimotsugeno" (Volume 14-3424)
  3. ^ It is pronounced nara by itself, but when a vowel particle comes after it, / h / is pronounced like narahi.In modern times, this / h / disappeared.
  4. ^ In ancient Japanese, the earth sways (ie)Earthquake) Is called "na-shake" or "na-shake", but this is derived from "na (earth) + ゐ (living)".[12].
  5. ^ Former EmperorThe reason why Nara was selected as the capital is "The land of Heijo (Nara) is (Blue dragon-Suzaku-White tiger-Xuanwuof)River mapCorresponding to (the heel), because the three mountains are calming down. "[15].


  1. ^ Yanagita (1936), pp. 217–219)
  2. ^ "Japanese history place name system 30 Place Names in Nara Prefecture, Heibonsha, 1981. 490 pages
  3. ^ a b "Kadokawa Japan Geographic Names Dictionary 29 Nara Prefecture, Kadokawa Shoten, 1990, p. 814.
  4. ^ a b c Kusuhara et al. (1981, p. 232)
  5. ^ Saito (1997), p. 27)
  6. ^ Yoshida (1907), pp. 190f)
  7. ^ Matsuoka (1929), p. 955)
  8. ^ Kanazawa (1910), pp. 103–106)
  9. ^ Naver Japanese Dictionary
  10. ^ Liu (1964)
  11. ^ a b Beckwith (2007, p. 176)
  12. ^ Miyakoshi, Ishii & Oda (2011)
  13. ^ Beckwith (2007)
  14. ^ Nara City (1937)
  15. ^ Naoki et al. (1986, p. 100)
  16. ^ Naoki et al. (1986, p. 107)
  17. ^ Morikawa (1922), p. 27)
  18. ^ Nara Flower Association


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