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📢 | Visit Daikakuji Temple and Giouji Temple, rent a bicycle, and get a great deal on the "Randen XNUMX-day Free Ticket" "Randen Daikakuji Temple ...


A great deal on Daikakuji and Giouji visits, bicycle rentals, and "Randen XNUMX-day free ticket" "Randen Daikakuji / Gio ...

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Formally, it is called the former Saga Gosho Daikakuji Temple, and is also called the Saga Gosho.

Keifuku Electric Railroad Co., Ltd. (Headquarters: Nakagyo-ku, Kyoto, President: Norio Otsuka) rents a bicycle to visit Daikakuji Temple and Giouji Temple. → Continue reading


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Saga Imperial Palace Daikakuji Temple

Daikakuji Temple

Daikakuji Temple(Daikuji) isKyoto CityUkyo WardSagaLocated in OzochoShingon Buddhism Daikakuji School OfOmotoyama OfTemple.Mountain numberIs Sagayama.本尊 TheFudo FudoCentered onThe Five Great Kings.Open mountain ThePrince Tsunesada.Emperor Saga OfVillaWas changed to a templeRoyal familyIt is a temple related to it.also,Emperor Go-UtaIs herePoliticsIt is a temple that is deeply involved in the political history of Japan.In addition, Emperor Saga is referred to as the ancestor.Flower arrangement Saga Go-ryuIs the general office (Iemoto) of[1].

Historical dramaThere are many studiosUzumasaBecause it is near the temple, the temple grounds (Osawaike, Akechimon, etc.) are (especially historical drama).movies,tv setIt is often used for shooting such as (#The work that became the stage).


SaganoLocated in the northeast ofHeian periodReigned earlyEmperor SagaWas running a detached palace.I had the confidence of Emperor SagaKukaiHowever, he built the Gokakuin, a Buddhist temple that enshrines the Five Wisdom Kings in the palace.Amending the lawIs said to have originated in the first place.After that, 30 years after the demise of Emperor SagaVirtue18 years(876/), Of the princessPrincess Seishi(Emperor JunwaQueen) Changed the palace into a temple at Daikakuji.Emperor Saga is the grandson of Emperor Junna's princeConstant loneliness(Gojaku) Introductory King[Note 1]TheOpen mountain(First priest).

After a while, Daikakuji TempleKofuku-ji TempleIchijoinContinued to have a sash, butBunei5 years(1268/)Emperor GosagaBecame the Pope and called the priesthood, the 21st generationGate ruinsIt has become.

Tokuharu2 years(1307/)Emperor GoutaBecame a priest and became the Pope.1308/) Rebuilt Daikakuji Temple.The Pope is known as the "founder of Zhongxing" because he worked hard to maintain the cathedral.Also, because he had a cloister rule hereSaga GoshoIt was also called (Sagagosho).Father of the PopePope Kameyama[Note 2]The system that continues from is named after our temple.DaikakujiIs calledEmperor GoFukakusa"Mochiin TempleI took turns to the throne (Ryokan[2]..The fact that these two systems were in conflict laterNorthern and Southern DynastiesIt is well known that it led to division.

EngenNew Year (1336/), Most of the buildings were destroyed by a large fire.Source9 years(1392/), The North-South reconciliation was reached,Southern DynastyLastEmperorIsEmperor GogameyamaからNorth morning OfEmperor Gokomatsu"Three kinds of sacred treasuresWas taken over here at Daikakuji Temple.However, it is not true that it was a Southern Court temple throughout the Northern and Southern Dynasties, and it was in the Southern Court after the division of the Northern and Southern Courts.Shoen-hosou(Prince of Emperor Go-Uda) and (Prince of Pope Kameyama) of the Northern Court continued to be divided, but when the Northern and Southern Courts settled, the Northern CourtMuromachi ShogunateIt became one of the leading temples, and later became the third generation of the Muromachi Shogunate.GeneralMetYoshimitsu AshikagaChild ofYoshiakiBecame the basis for welcoming the monzeki[3].

Onin2 years(1468/),Onin's rebellionMost of Dou will be burned down.astronomical3 years(1534/), The Yasui Monzeki in Higashiyama also serves as the gate of Renka Koin.Astronomical 5 years (1536/),Kizawa NagamasaThe building is on fire after being set on fire.Tensho17 years(1589/), After the emptiness became a monzeki, we started reconstruction,KaneiYear (1624/ - 1644/) Has almost the same view of the temple.

In this way, it is a temple related to the imperial family, and the Hosshinno has beenPriestBecameGate ruinsSince it is a temple, it still has a Gosho-style atmosphere.The site of the Gosho is a countryHistoric siteIs specified in.

Osawa Pond and Meikoso Waterfall

Osawa Pond OfDongting LakeIt is said to have been built by Emperor Saga in imitation of the above, and is said to be the oldest artificial garden pond in Japan that retains the remnants of the early Heian period.The garden that retains the remnants of the Kara style culture of that time is about 100 meters north of the pond.Famous Koso waterfall traceWith1923/(TaishoIn 12) as a national cultural propertyScenic spotIt is specified in.Every year, around the harvest moon, a boat is floated on Osawa Pond and a "moon viewing evening" is held.

Osawa Pond is presumed to take over Sagano's garden pond, but this uses the gently sloping terrain to the southeast to build a long bank from the south to the east to block the flow from the northwest side. Was built[4] ..It is known that this pond has also played an important role as irrigation water for the surrounding paddy fields.[4].

Along the north bank of the pond, from the west, Tenjin Island, Niwakoishi, and Kikunoshima are lined up, and the arrangement of these two islands and one stone is considered to be the foundation of the flower arrangement Saga Go-ryu.At the time of landscaping by Emperor Saga, Tenjin Island was continuous on land, forming a shape that protruded from the north to Osawa Pond in the shape of Dejima, and it is assumed that both east and west were in the shape of a cove.[5]..Garden lake stoneKose KanaokaIs said to have been set up (Saigyo "Sankashū")[6]..Kikushima is said to be the place where Emperor Saga cultivated chrysanthemums.Also, the chrysanthemum was folded by hand and inserted into a vase.Flower arrangement Saga Go-ryuIt is said that the island was born in the current form of the island in recent archaeological excavations.Muromachi PeriodI know it was[7].

The Meikoso Waterfall was set up in the Takiden Garden in the Rikyu Saga-in Temple. ""Old and new storiesAccording to the book, it was created by Baekje Kawanari.1981/(ShowaAccording to the excavation survey that began in 56, two of the existing waterfall stones at the site of the Meikoso waterfall are in their original positions, but the other stones have been modified by later generations.[8], The abundant water flowing from the waterfall was pouring into Osawa Pond through a meandering ditch (mostly a moat) with a width of 5-10m excavated to the south.[9]Became clear.It is probable that the meandering ditch was a water supply facility in a garden that was created to imitate the flow of nature.

When Emperor Saga moved from Reizen-in to this new hospital, it was expanded to a maximum width of about 12 meters and a depth of about 1 meter. The entire flow path was dammed up to form a pond-like pool, which reduced the amount of water supplied during the renovation period, and the groove provided at the spout of the pond was eventually buried. However, a low bank was built orthogonal to the direction of water flow, and a cobblestone paving was built here, and at the same time, a boulder was attached to the west side of the facility, and this facility greatly dammed the flow path to form a vast pool. It is believed that it overflowed and was supposed to be poured into Osawa Pond.[Source required].

after that,Fujiwara no KintōSaid, "The sound of the waterfall has been around for a long time, but the name is flowing and you can still hear it."[10]By the end of the Heian period, the water of the waterfall had already died.[11],West lineTakiishi is in the waka poemKannomiyaIt is written that it was carried away to[6][12].

The outer circumference of Osawa Pond is about 1 km, and the area is about 6 square meters.Koshien StadiumIt is a size that fits comfortably.


Daikakuji Temple, which is a temple related to the imperial family, has many court-style architecture and relocated buildings related to the imperial family.On the central axis of the sangharama, there are the Teshimon (Karamon), Mikagedo, and Shingyo-den from the south, the Five Great Halls to the east of the Mikage-do, the Main Living Quarters to the west, and the Main Living Quarters to the north of the temple.These buildings are connected by a covered corridor.It is noteworthy that the central part of the temple is not the main hall, the Five Great Halls, but the Shingyo Pagoda, which houses the Heart Sutra copied by Emperor Saga and other successive emperors.

  • Godaido-The main hall of Daikakuji Temple.Located on the east side of the precincts.TenmeiYear (1781/ - 1789/) Erect.Initially, it was in the center of the temple (currently where the stone stage is located in front of Mikagedomae),1925/(TaishoIt was changed to its current position when Mikagedo was relocated in 14).Originally it was the principal image of this templeKamakura PeriodWorkThe Five Great KingsThe statue was moved to the Reihokan and is nowTomohisa Matsuhisa·But1975/(ShowaThe statue of the Five Great Myo Kings, which was completed in 50), is enshrined as the principal image.The temple is used as a sutra-copying dojo, and you can see Osawa Pond from the wet edge "Kangetsudai" on the east side of the temple.You can also go down to the "Osawaike area" from here.
  • Yasui-do (Goryo-den) --The Mikage-do of the Yasui Monzeki Renka Koin in Higashiyama1871/(MeijiIt was relocated in 4 years).Emperor GomizuoEnshrine the statue.
  • Shingyo Pagoda (Mikagedo) -The front shingyo of the Kaisando Shingyo Pagoda, which is located on the north side of the temple and is located in the center of the temple.This buildingEmperor TaishoIn 1925 (Taisho 14)Emperor Go-UtaIt was relocated to Daikakuji Temple on the occasion of the 600th anniversary.Irimoya-zukuri, tile-roofed.The center of the hall is the worship hall of the Shingyo Pagoda on the north side, and is deeply connected to Daikakuji Temple on the left and right.Emperor Saga, Kobo Daishi (Kukai), Emperor Go-Uta,Prince TsunesadaPlace the statue of.
  • Shingyo Pagoda (Country)Registered tangible cultural property) -1925 (Taisho 14)Horyuji templeReconstructed to imitate the dream hall ofReinforced concreteIt ’s a small octagonal hall, and the wall isSchool buildingIt's the wind.It stands to the north of Mikagedo.Inside is Emperor Saga,Emperor Gomitsu,Emperor Gohanaen,Emperor Gonara,Emperor Masachika,Emperor KokakuHandwrittenHannya Sutra,Doctor YakushiPlace the statue.The interior is private and the door opens once every 60 years (PennyYear).
  • Reihokan
  • Corridor of village rain
  • Shinden (Important cultural property) -Given by Emperor GomizuoTofukumoninIt is said that the old hall of (Emperor Gomizuo Chugū) was relocated.I used ShitomidoSleeping constructionIt is a windy building with a gabled roof and a cypress bark roof, and a wide rim around it. "Shinden" isGate ruinsThe name of the building is unique to the temple, and "宸" is "emperorIt means.The interior is roughly divided into 4 rooms, the west side of the south front is "Botan no Ma" (33 tatami mats), the east side is "Yanagimatsu no Ma" (18 tatami mats), and the west side of the back is "Koumei no Ma" (22 tatami mats). The east side is "Tsuru no Ma" (12 tatami mats).Each room has a fusuma painting, especially the peony map of "Peony Room" and the red plum map of "Red and White Plum Room" (both).Kano SanrakuThe brush) is famous (the original fusuma painting is stored in the storage, and the fusuma painting currently here is a reproduction).
  • The front yard of the shrine ――White sand is spread all over, and there are Tachibana in Ukon and Ume in Sakon (not the “cherry blossoms” in Sakon).
  • Ishibutai
  • Bell tower
  • Karamon (Chokushi)- KaeiYear (1848/ - 1854/) Reconstruction.
  • Main Living Quarters (Important Cultural Property) -The designated name for the Important Cultural Property is "Daikakuji Temple (Meeting Place)".Irimoya-zukuri, hinoki-roofing.Momoyama periodIt is a erected Shoin-zukuri building, and the interior is divided into 12 large and small rooms.There are 4 rooms (8 tatami mats each) in the eastern row from north to south, "Kenroku no Ma", "Crown no Ma", "Autumn leaves no Ma", and "Bamboo no Ma". , "Hawk room" in the south (12 tatami mats each), 3 long and narrow rooms (1 tatami mats) in the west row, 9 rooms x 2 and a half rooms, "Sanmizu room" in the north, and "Sage room" in the south. ".On the south and east sides of these rooms, there is a "narrow house" with a width of 1. There is a throne in the "crown room" (also called the "upper room"), and Emperor Go-UtaPoliticsIt is a reproduction of the room where the above was performed.also,Northern and Southern DynastiesIt is said that the peace conference was held here.Barrier paintings are Kano Sanraku andWatanabe ShikkouBrush.
  • Teikokan- Edo PeriodA resting place built on the shore of Osawa Pond in the middle period1868/It was relocated in (Meiji XNUMX).private.
  • Reimeiden- Prime MinisterServed asNavygeneralSaito Minoru 1928/(Showa 3),TokyoNumabukuro (currentlyNakanoSwamp bag) Was the main hall of the Japanese-French temple.1958/In 33, Kusanagi Zengi, which was the site of the Daikakuji Temple at that time, was relocated.The building is painted in vermilion, including the edge plate.Amida NyoraiIs the principal image.
  • ChichibunomiyaPalace (Guest House) -As the palace of Chichibu Palace1923/(Taisho 12), Kasumigaseki detached palace of the Tomiya temporary palace (currentlyDiet Front Park) Was erected.1971/It was given to Daikakuji Temple by the Chichibu-no-miya family in 46 and was relocated.private.
  • garden
  • Inari
  • Kazokaku-Temple office.
  • Akechi Jinya- Mitsuhide AkechiBuilt byKameyama CastleShoin relocated from.
  • Akechi Gate-A gate relocated from Kameyama Castle.
  • Ceremony entrance
  • Front gate
  • Arisugawa --The Arisu River runs on the south side of the front gate, Akechi gate, and Karamon and on the west side of the precincts, making it a natural moat.
  • Belief Hall
  • Flower arrangement school
  • Saga Dormitory
  • Flower memorial tower

Osawaike area

  • Osawa Pond (nationalScenic spot) --Japan's oldest artificial garden pond. OfDongting LakeIt is also called Niwako because it was made to imitate.The explanation has already been mentioned.
  • Gosha Myo Shrine- Ise Naiku,Ise Geku,Hachimansha,Kasuga-taisha,SumiyoshiEnshrine the god of.It is said that Kukai was solicited by the guardian shrine of Sagano, Kyoto.
    • Worship hall
  • Atago Shrine
  • Matsuo Shrine
  • Inari Shrine
  • Pond
  • Emperor Saga-Emperor Saga was originally dug as the Emperor Saga's Buddhist temple "Gokakuin", which was built by Kukai at the behest of Emperor Saga.
  • Dainichido --The ruins of the Yasui Monzeki, where the ruins of the Daikakuji Monzeki were used until the beginning of the Meiji era.
  • Seitendou-Originally built on the west side of Bountei,1962/Relocated to the current location around (Showa 37).
  • Shingyo-Hoto (Shinkyohoto)Taobao)- 1967/(Showa 42) Built.
  • Stone Buddha group
  • Gomadou-Buddha is built on the site of Shinin.
  • Tenjinsha-Sacred God:Michio Shinohara..Located on Tenjin Island.Sugawara no Michizane was enshrined because he was a profane person at Daikakuji Temple.
  • Bairin
  • Bamboo forest
  • The remains of the famous Koso waterfall (national scenic spot) --The explanation has already been given.
  • Bountei- UrasenkeBy1975/It was rebuilt in (Showa 50) to commemorate the 1100th anniversary of the temple charter.
  • Osawamon

Cultural property

National treasure

  • Emperor GoutaShinkanDeclaration of your seal(Goudaten no Ushinkan Oten Yuigo) --- "Shinkan"Is the emperor's autograph.This is a self-written draft of a will written by Emperor Go-Uda (the Emperor) in hopes of the rise of Daikakuji Temple, and the emperor's handprint is stamped on the paper.
  • Emperor Go-Uda Kobo Daishiden (Kinumoto) Masakazu March XNUMXst --- Emperor Go-Uda himself devoted himself to Shingon Esoteric BuddhismMasakazuThe emperor's autograph book of Kobo Daishiden written in 4.

Important cultural property

  • Main Living Quarters (Guest Hall)
  • Hall
  • Five major colors by KinumotoKokuzoimage
  • Silk book colorEmperor Goutaimage
  • Paper book by Emperor Go-Uda
  • Paper book by Emperor Go-Uda
  • 116 Daikakuji barrier paintings (124 attached)[Note 3](Details of barrier painting will be described later)
  • woodenFudo FudoSitting statueArmy KingStatueYamantakaSitting statue (Attachment: Materials related to Nobutaka Ichimu (delivered in the statue of Yamantaka) 41 points)[Note 4]
  • woodenThe Five Great KingsStatue Ming Ensaku 5
  • Tachi name □ Loyalty light green (Hizamaru)
  • Emperor Go-Uda's shinkan shinkan 2 帖 ・ 悉 cloud shinkan 5 帖 (Attachment: 2 sheets of wrapping paper for Emperor Go-Uda)
  • Go-Uta Emperor Shinkan Okusako Hiraguchi Decision Ocho XNUMXnd Year Secretary
  • Go-Uta Emperor Go-Uta Shinkan Abhisheka Ming Volume 6 Each Tokuji XNUMXrd Year Secretary
  • Go-Uta Emperor Go-Uta Shinkan Abhisheka Private Note Masakazu Sannen Okusho (Attachment: Zen Yen Brush Abhisheka Private Note Volume 2) 
  • Go-Uta Emperor Shinkan Gomaguchi decision
  • Emperor Go-Uda's shinkan method (attached: Fukamori brush method irrigation note)
  • Go-Uta Emperor Go-Uta shinkan shinkan irrigation first night after the memorial service 2 tatami mats
  • Go-Uta Emperor Shinkan Hojusho Ocho XNUMXst year secretary
  • Go-Uta Emperor Go-Uta Kaohsiung Mandala Remarks on the XNUMXth day of the New Year of the XNUMXnd year of Enkyo 
  • Go-Uta Emperor Go-Uta Shinkan Denryu Extract Catalog Namizensuke Fate 3 Volume 1
  • Kongokai Denpo irrigation method 
  • Kasaya Zen Assistant Brush 
  • Peacock Sutra Gansaini Gansaini Gansaini Gansaini 
  • Secret (128 volumes) 23 conclusions
  • Emperor GoFukakusaShinkan news (Huaya, March XNUMX, XNUMXnd year of Shoan)
  • Emperor HanazonoThe news of Shinkan is the XNUMXth day of July.

Source: For national treasures and important cultural properties designated by 2000 (12), "National Treasures and Important Cultural Properties Encyclopedia Separate Volume" (Union Catalog by Owner, General Index of Names, Statistical Data) (Mainichi Newspapers, 2000) )by.

National Historic Site

  • Daikakuji Temple Ruins

National scenic spot

Nationally registered tangible cultural property

  • Shingyo Pagoda

Territory at the end of the Edo period

National Museum of History and Folkloreof"Old High Old ReceiptsThe Daikakuji territory at the end of the Edo period calculated from the database is as follows. (4 villages, 1,016 stones)

  • YamashiroKuzunoOf --3 villages
    • Of Kamisaga Village --881 Ishiyo
    • In front of the Tenryu-ji gate-- 17 stones
    • Of the village of Ikeura--104 Ishiyo
  • YamashiroKii-gunOf --1 villages
    • Of the auspicious villages ―― 13 stones 2 doo

Annual event

The above is based on the pamphlet for viewing "Saga Gosho Daikakuji Temple" in 1200.

Front and back bills

Shingon sect eighteen main mountain
4 Zhongshan Temple - 5 Daikakuji Temple ―― 6 Ninna-ji Temple
Kinki Thirty-Six Fudo Holy Ground
12 Ankoji Temple - 13 Daikakuji Temple ―― 14 Ninnaji Temple
Road of pilgrimage to the sacred place
88 Tenryu temple - 89 Daikakuji Temple ―― 90 Jingoji


Kyoto Municipal Bus-Kyoto busImmediately after getting off at Daikakuji Temple

The work that became the stage

TV drama


[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Emperor NimeiAbandoned prince
  2. ^ There is a description that the Emperor Kameyama made Daikakuji Temple the Imperial Palace, but the Imperial Palace of the Kameyama Emperor, which is supported by the historical materials at that time, is the cold spring Marinokoji Temple in the center of Kyoto inherited from his father, Emperor Gosaga, and Kameyama near Daikakuji Temple. Tono (currentlyTenryu temple) (See Kondo's paper).
  3. ^ The number of designated members is 122 in the "National Cultural Properties Database" on the official website of the Agency for Cultural Affairs, but as of June 1997, 6, two Sugito paintings (Hinoki cypress) were additionally designated. (Ministry of Education Notification No. 30, 2), the number of designated members is "9".
  4. ^ The materials related to the statue of Fudo Myo and Nobutaka Ichimu of "Attachment" were additionally designated in 2010 (June 22, 6, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Notification No. 29).


  1. ^ What is Daikakuji Temple?.Daikakuji Homepage
  2. ^ Shigekazu Kondo "Dairi and the Imperial Palace" (First appearance: Fumihiko Gomi ed., "The Middle Ages of the City" (Yoshikawa Kobunkan, 1992) / Collection: Kondo "Study of Political Structure in the Kamakura Era" (Kakukura Shobo, 2016) ISBN 978-4-7517-4650-9
  3. ^ Soichiro Ota "Daikakuji Monzeki and Muromachi Shogunate" (First appearance: "Japanese History Study" No. 443 (1999) / Collection: Daejeon "Politics and Religion of Muromachi Shogunate" (Haga Shobo, 2014) ISBN 978-4-8273-1264-5
  4. ^ a b Mitsuhiko Kato, Takahiro Naka, Kunihiro Sasaki, "The History of Gardens in Japan and Europe" (Showa-do, 1998), p. 41
  5. ^ Honnaka Makoto "018 Survey of Daikakuji Temple and Osawa Pond (formerly Sagano) (7)"Annual Report: Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties Annual Report" No. 1991, Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, March 1992, pp. 3-56, two:10.24484 / sitereports.14847-9532, hdl:11177/5166, NOT 120007095245.
  6. ^ a b Toshinori Takemura, "Showa Kyoto Famous Places 4 Rakusai" (Shundo Publishing, 1983), pp. 252-253
  7. ^ Takao Minami, Midori Sakurai, Yoshiaki Maeda, Reiko Kiyoto (1997) "Historic Site Daikakuji Gosho Ruins, Scenic Beauty Osawa Pond Named Koso Waterfall Ruins" edited by Kyoto City Archaeological Research Institute "Outline of the 7 Kyoto City Buried Cultural Property Survey], Pp. 79-81
  8. ^ Tetsuo Tanaka, Makoto Honnaka "014 Archaeological Survey of Osawa Pond at Daikakuji Temple" "Annual Report: Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties Annual Report" No. 1985, Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, December 1985, p. 12, two:10.24484 / sitereports.14842-9368, hdl:11177/5105, NOT 120007095418.
  9. ^ Honnaka Makoto "018 Survey of Daikakuji Temple and Osawa Pond (formerly Sagano) (6)"Annual Report: Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties Annual Report" No. 1990, Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, March 1991, pp. 3-56, two:10.24484 / sitereports.14857-9503, hdl:11177/5160, NOT 120007095278.
  10. ^ In "Senzai Wakashū", as "Sagano Daikakuji Temple, this is a song that can be sacrificed."
  11. ^ "Goshui Wakashu" miscellaneous four "Looking at the waterfall hall of Daikakuji Temple, you can sing a samurai.
  12. ^ "Shinshui Wakashu" miscellaneous "I heard that the stones of the waterfall hall of Daikakuji Temple were passed to the Kakuin and the traces disappeared. Until that time of Hishitaki Tsuse, Saigyo Hoshi is a long time ago. "


  • Yasushi Inoue, supervised by Zenryu Tsukamoto, Daishi Iwaya, Mitsuo Sakaguchi, "Old Temple Pilgrimage Kyoto 30 Daikakuji",Tankosha, 1978
  • Toshinori Takemura"Showa Kyoto Meisho Zue Rakusai" Shundo, 1983
  • "Weekly Asahi Encyclopedia Japanese National Treasure" No. 16 (Seiryo-ji Temple, etc.),Asahi Shimbun, 1997
  • "Japanese historical place name system Kyoto city place name",平凡 社
  • "Kakugawa Japanese Place Name Dictionary Kyoto Prefecture",Kadokawa Shoten
  • "Kokushi Daijiten",Yoshikawa Hirofumikan

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