Portal field news

Portal field news


📊 | York-Benimaru / Open a store at Utsunomiya Terrace, enriching small-volume, simple, local production for local consumption products


York-Benimaru opens a store in Utsunomiya Terrace, enriching small-lot, simple, local production for local consumption products

If you write the contents roughly
It is an area where a wide range of generations live, such as single-person households and families.

York-Benimaru will open "York-Benimaru Utsunomiya Terrace Store" in Utsunomiya City, Tochigi Prefecture on August 8th. <Uto… → Continue reading

 Distribution News

Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.


    Nuclear Family

    Nuclear FamilyWhat is (Kakukazoku) in society?家族One of the forms of.Extended family,Large family, An expression paired with a complex family.

    Anthropologist in the United StatesGeorge Murdock Universal to humankindI started using it to mean the basic unit of every family. "nuclear familyIs a Japanese translation of the term "[1], A family consisting of only a couple and parents and children.

    The nuclear family is a form of relative household and is distinguished from single-person households (single households) that live alone.[2].


    About the term "nuclear family"Merriam-Webster[3]First appeared in 1941.in JapanWorld War IIrear,America Bikini atollNuclear testIt started to be distributed from the time when I went.

    The nuclear family specifically refers to the following forms[2].

    1. Only one couple
    2. A couple and their children
    3. Father or mother and their children (father-child household or mother-child household)
    4. Unmarried siblings with either parents or parents (from a child's perspective)

    Refers to a family consisting of any of.Young people living alone and elderly people living alone are classified as single-person households (single households) rather than relatives.[2].

    The nuclear family itself is regarded as a universal family form of humankind[4]..The ancient nuclear family lived a large family life, with people related to blood living around it.[4]..In contrast, modern nuclear families, especially those with new households in cities, are isolated nuclear families with no relatives nearby.[4]..This point is different from the ancient nuclear family and has new issues such as isolated child-rearing.[4].

    Compared to a large family, there is a high degree of flexibility regarding housing such as moving and remodeling, and it is easier to maintain privacy between relatives, but compared to a large family living together with a large number of people, domestic work and childcare by three generations of parents and children , It becomes difficult to share domestic work.

    Population transition

    Nuclear family

    In Japan, the nuclear family rate itself is1920In (Taisho 9), it was 54%, already accounting for the majority.[4],the 1960sRapidly rises to1963(Showa 38)BuzzwordIt became.The nuclear family rate in the household structure is1975It peaked at about 50% in (64) and has remained at about 6% since then.[4].

    1989In (16), about 39.3% of households were "couples only", about 5% were "couples and children", and about XNUMX% were single-parent households.2000The breakdown of the family composition by household in the first half of the generation was about 20% for "couples only", about 30% for "couples and children", and about 8% for single-parent families.[5].2016In (28), "couple only" was about 23.7%, "couple and child" was about 29.5%, and single-parent families were about 7.3%.

    1990From to 2016, the ratio of nuclear families in the household structure has been stable, but the household types that are considered to be the breakdown have changed, and while the number of "couples only" and "single-parent households" has increased, The number of “couple and child” households is decreasing year by year,YoungerAnd social security are being discussed.

    Single household

    Single household(Tanshinseitai) is a person who lives alone with a house, a person who rents a house and lives alone,Dormitory-Dormitory,Boarding houseRefers to each single person living in. Also known as "living alone".The reasons for choosing a single-person household are not only single unmarried, but also the separation, divorce, bereavement of a couple, and the independence of a child.

    Increase in single households

    1920(Taisho 9) XNUMXstCensusThen it was 6.6%. 1975Since (50), the number of single-person households, especially elderly single-person households, has increased rapidly, and this is due to changes in the industrial structure (Tokyo extreme concentrationIt shows that it is difficult for the child generation to live with their parents who have been living longer due to physical circumstances such as urbanization of the population and transfer.[6].. This is one of the causes of discussion about the problem of long-term care due to the longevity of elderly parents living separately, or the problem of children (around elementary and junior high school students) leaving school alone at home due to an increase in the income of married couples.2015(27), the census shows that it has increased to 34.6%.

    Related item


    [How to use footnotes]
    1. ^ Takao Sofue, "Introduction to Cultural Anthropology, Supplementary Revised Edition" (Chukoron-Shinsho 560), Chuokoron-Shinsha, 1990, p.131.
    2. ^ a b c Mikako Sawayama et al. "Where does the" family "go?" Seikyusha, 2007, p. 105. 
    3. ^ [1]
    4. ^ a b c d e f "Chapter XNUMX Reform of Consciousness of Society as a whole: Children and Parenting Headquarters-Cabinet Office”(Japanese). www8.cao.go.jp. April 2021, 8Browse.
    5. ^ "Basic knowledge of modern terms" (2007(19 version)), Jiyu Kokuminsha.
    6. ^ "Low birthrate and family" Yasuko Miyasaka (Associate Professor, Nara Women's University) Information magazine "Thinking about Gifu" Autumn 1998 issue Gifu Prefectural Industrial Economics Research Center[2]


    Back to Top