DoCoMo and Nissan Ibaraki conduct demonstration experiment of AI shared taxi and car sharing in Daigo Town, Ibaraki Prefecture
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In addition, a demonstration experiment of car sharing using electric vehicles will be conducted.
NTT DoCoMo, Inc. (hereinafter, DoCoMo) and Ibaraki Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. (hereinafter, Ibaraki Nissan) will be on October 2020, 10 ... → Continue reading
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Car sharing(British: carsharing) Is generally registeredMemberSpecific betweenAutomobileTo shareServicesOrシステムThat thing. In terms of renting a carCar rentalAlthough it is close to the above, it is generally assumed that it will be used for a much shorter time than a rental car, and it is often set to be more convenient and cheaper than a rental car for users.
Car rentalIs a system used by an unspecified number of people, but car sharing allows cars to be rented only to members who have registered as users in advance. The unit of usage time is not always fixed from 10 minutes to 1 day, but in general, a shorter (shorter period) usage time unit is set than that of a rental car. Especially in Japan, the purpose is not to use it on a daily basis, but to use it for a very short time.
Under the current Japanese law, "pay money for the use of a car" is treated in the same way as a rental car, and the vehicle used for car sharing is "wa (re)" like the one used for rental cars.numberIs. Car sharing (vehicles, acts) in which toll collection occurs is defined as "rent-a-car type car sharing". Unless otherwise specified, this paper describes rental car-type car sharing.
One of the benefits for users is to use a carcostIs cheap. If you own a car, the acquisition price is high andCar acquisition tax,Automobile taxorLight vehicle tax,Automobile weight tax,Parking LotTeens,Liability insuranceTeens,Car insuranceTeens,車 検Fees, maintenance costs, and eachconsumption tax(Double taxation) And so on, especially in Japan, a considerable fixed cost will be imposed on the owner just by owning it. Even if you own a car while paying such expenses, unless you live in the so-called "motorized society" area, you can actually use it for only a few hours a day at most.Occupancy rateIs low. Furthermore, so-calledSunday driverThen, the monthly vehicle usage time is about 8 hours at the most, and there is a basis for many people to use the same vehicle. By using it with multiple people, fixed costs can be distributed (dutch), and the merit of scale works... Since users will pay a certain amount of money to use the car when needed,property・ When using, not owning as an assetExpenseWill be taken as. Furthermore, in JapanThree major metropolitan areas,Government-designated cityOf course, even in local cities, in cities of a certain size or largerPublic transportBecause the net is stretched around, every time you use it,Train,bus,TaxiIt also has the effect of curbing excessive use of automobiles by raising awareness of cost comparison with other companies.EcologyIt is also said to contribute to.
Dedicated for car sharingParking LotIs installed,ApartmentParking lot in front,Residential areaParking lot in one corner,supermarketA corner of the parking lot, etc. in Japan,convenience storeConvenient forms of parking lots are also becoming widespread.
According to Japanese law, multiple individuals spend money to buy together, "Private carThe act of "jointly using (jointly owning)" is envisioned, and it is possible to register as a jointly used (owned) vehicle and exercise authority.
In Japan, many car-sharing cars are placed in private parking lots and most are unmanned.ManagementHas been done. Members who wish to useインターネット,TelでReservationJust put in and go to the parking lot at the reserved time and get a membership card (contactless)Prepaid Card) Etc. to unlock the doorTablets, It can be used only by authenticating the user by inserting it into the device installed in the car. A private parking lot is often located in front of the condominium, and if you are blessed with such a situation, you can use it in almost the same way as your own car.
In the case of a rental car, the usage time is somewhat long (at least 6 hours, etc.), but in the case of car sharing, the unit of time is generally subdivided, and in some cases it can be used in units of 15 minutes (a little errand,shoppingIt makes sense that the billing time is short and the price is low to use for such purposes).
The following structure is generally adopted for the charge.
- Initial fee-Paid temporarily at the time of enrollment in the name of enrollment fee or card issuance fee.CampaignIt may be free of charge.
- Fixed Costs-Generally collected on a regular basis as a monthly basic fee. Depending on the company, this fixed cost and usage fee may be offset.
- Hourly charge-The basic usage charge, which is charged in 15-minute or 30-minute units.
- Distance charge- gasolineIn order to secure the burden on the user, a fee equivalent to the gasoline fee may be collected separately from the hourly fee depending on the mileage. There is also a pattern in which the distance charge itself is not set, or the distance charge is charged only in the case of a fixed charge pack.
- Fixed pack rates-Sometimes, like a rental car, there are flat-rate plans such as how much it costs for 6 hours.
There are examples of plans such as a plan that keeps the basic charge low and raises the hourly charge, and a plan that sets the basic charge high and lowers the pay-as-you-go charge. As a caveat, if you don't do a simulation of how many hours you spend each month and how many kilometers you will drive at the time of enrollment, you may be charged a higher fee than you think. Nothingcar wash・ FullTanUnlike rent-a-cars, which are basically returned, a method is often adopted in which the user uses a dedicated refueling card placed in advance in the car to wash or refuel when necessary. Since these are tasks required for unmanned management, the charge for the usage time corresponding to that time is not charged.
Generally, when compared in a short time, it is cheaper than a rental car, and at the half-day / full-day level, the rental car is set to be cheaper. However, even for car sharing, there are cases where a cheap pack fee is prepared in units of 6 hours, half a day, 1 day, etc., so it is necessary to compare the economic efficiency for each membership plan / rate plan.
Businesses that perform car rental car sharing at unmanned bases are required by law to manage vehicles using a dedicated online system. When the manager of the condominium hands over the keys, it becomes a manned base, and such a management system is not always necessary, and it is treated in the same way as the existing rental car sales base.
Car sharing needs to have a certain membership size to disperse fixed costs.. Also, since users only pay a fixed amount for using a car, for example.gasolineThe structure is vulnerable to fluctuations in costs, as the business operator must bear the cost increase of soaring prices.(Mechanism of passing on gasoline pricesSome vendors have Fuel costElectric carAlthough it can be solved to some extent by introducing the above, there is also the problem of whether electric vehicles, which are still expensive, can be deployed for car sharing applications with small sales. There are competitions from other industries, and it is said that the biggest rival is a rental car company that has the same business format of renting cars on an hourly basis..
Car sharing is for small companies and communities (in condominiums)Management associationIt is also possible to prepare and operate only one to several cars for car sharing. In this case, there is a convenience problem that only a specific vehicle can be driven with a smaller number of vehicles compared to the car sharing network of a major company, and there is an unavoidable withdrawal risk (not only the problem of not being able to receive services) for small operators. It is also necessary to consider issues such as how to handle very important personal information such as driver's license information.), Dealing with vehicle replacement due to failure, total loss accident, aging deterioration, and in addition, the fee is not cheap at all. Therefore, it is necessary for the user to participate after understanding these issues. In fact, even between 1 and 2011 alone
- Eye Sharing (Japan Car Sharing) --End of service in June 2011
- Windcar --December 2011 Self-bankruptcy
- LeoGulliverCar sharing --End of service in February 2012
There are a number of companies withdrawing from the car-sharing business.
Securing a parking lot to park cars is also an issue. Seen from the side, an unspecified number of people come to ride a car, and the information indicating the parking place is an advertisement.Crime prevention,SecurityIt is said that there are many cases where people are worried about the situation and do not lend a parking lot to a car sharing company. It has a large number of stores with parking lots nationwide.convenience store・ With chainTie-upHowever, some companies have increased their service bases by arranging a private parking lot in a corner of a large parking lot.
Billing method in Japan
Originally the idea and mechanism of car sharingスイスIs said to have originated.1970 eraAs a result of a large number of vehicles flowing into the city centerShopping districtDue to the progress of devastation such asAdministrationLed by large-scale vehicle inflow regulation (Transit mall) Was implemented. Also in the cityLRT(New standardTram) AndbusPublic transportation such as was enhanced, and the feet of citizens were secured. On the other hand, residents started to own a car jointly in the suburbs because they couldn't afford a car in the city center. This is the beginning of car sharing.
Around this time, a number of small car-sharing organizations were established in Switzerland, and at the same time.ACCIDENTLiability issues andServicesWe will gradually reveal operational problems such as responding to the diversification of. Then in the same countryWas carried out, and it was decided to be integrated into three car sharing companies.
1997, Switzerland merged three car-sharing companies to form Mobility. Current,Swiss Federal RailwaysWithMutual accessSwitzerland is trying to promote car sharing and public transportation under the initiative of the state, such as establishing a company to carry out.
Seeds Co., Ltd. was the first company in Japan to operate car sharing as a corporation in 1988. At that time, it became a hot topic as a car sharing business specializing in foreign cars, but two years later the business was transferred to another company. However, car sharing has not spread for a long time since then, and it has only been commercialized in earnest in Japan in recent years, and its name recognition is still low compared to rental cars. Companies that handle rental cars, companies that operate parking lots, etc. have entered the market.shareWe are in the situation of working to acquire.
Business / operating company
- (Founded in 1999) (en: Zipcar）
- (Chicago CityNon-profit organization) 
- (California's three Bay Area cities: San Francisco, Oakland, and Berkeley non-profit organizations) 
- U Car Share 
- Car2Go 
- BlueSG (Starting operation in 2017 with EV and charging equipment)
Japanese car-sharing companies are generally divided into those who recruit members themselves and develop them as a lending business, and those who provide a car-sharing system to others and do not develop their own lending business (including franchises), and further lending business. Businesses that develop the above are also divided into businesses that generally recruit members and businesses that provide only a limited number of members, such as car sharing in condominiums. Many businesses are entering car sharing because it is a business that can be started from one car.
As of March 2017, the number of vehicle stations is 3, the number of vehicles is 12,913, and the number of members is 24,458..
- Major service providers in Japan (as of 2019)）
|Service name||Operating company name||Number of vehicle stations||Number of vehicles||Membership||Remarks|
|Times car share||Times Mobility||9,091||17,492||783,282|
|Oryx car share||Orix car||1,531||2,600||170,050|
|Careko Car Sharing Club||Mitsui Fudosan Realty||1,159||1,761||57,058|
|Honda Motor Co., Ltd.||102||168||20,000|||
- ^ a b c d e "Car sharing, a blind spot for rapid growth". Bloomberg Businessweek /Nikkei BusinessOnline (August 2008, 9). 2018/12/3Browse.
- ^ Exciting car sharing, IT for summer traditions I tried riding on iPhone -Nihon Keizai Shimbun August 2010, 8
- ^ Changes in the number of car-sharing vehicles and members in Japan --Transportation Ecology and Mobility Foundation May 2017, 5
- ^ List of car sharing cases nationwide --Transportation Ecology and Mobility Foundation
- ^ "Hear about Honda's car-sharing "Every Go", its efforts and future prospects-”(Japanese) (March 2019, 7). 2021/3/19Browse.
- Shared economy(Share economy)
- MaaS(Mobility as a service)
- Car lease
- Carpool (carpool)
- Shared vehicle
- Transportation demand management
- Mobility management
- Kiss and ride
- Park and ride
- Bicycle rental
- Private residence
- Joint purchase
- Fractional ownership --Sharing of ships and planes