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💴 | Popular anime "Assault Lily" limited doll is a reward item Kanagawa / Fujisawa

Mr. Masaru Hayazono, President of Fujisawa City (right), who promotes the dolls from the photo collection, and Fujisawa City Hall

Popular anime "Assault Lily" limited doll is a reward item Kanagawa / Fujisawa

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Mayor Tsuneo Suzuki said, "I would like to increase the number of new Fujisawa fans, such as pilgrimage to the sacred place of the work and exploration."

Fujisawa City, Kanagawa Prefecture, plays a doll of the character of the popular anime "Assault Lily" set in Enoshima, Kanagawa Prefecture ... → Continue reading

 Kanagawa Shimbun

Kanaroko is a news site operated by the Kanagawa Shimbun. As the only local newspaper in Kanagawa Prefecture, we have a news gathering network throughout the prefecture to provide a wealth of information on incidents and accidents, political administration, economics, sports, culture, and heartwarming topics in the region.

Wikipedia related words

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pilgrimage(Junrei,British: pilgrimage) Means religion, temporarily leaving the everyday living spaceSacred placeAnd visit the sanctuary and try to get closer to the sacredReligiousBehavior[1]..巡礼は世界の多くの宗教で重要な宗教儀礼と見なされており、特にその宗教の信者が特定の地域や文化圏を超えて広域に分布している宗教においてはとりわけ大切なものと位置付けられているPilgrimage is considered an important religious ritual in many religions around the world, especially in religions where believers of that religion are widely distributed beyond a particular region or cultural sphere. Is[1]..したがって巡礼は、未開宗教よりも歴史的な宗教やTherefore, pilgrimages are more historical religions than undeveloped religions.World religionIs being done even more actively in[1].

Names, expressions, basic concepts

For example, how to call it in European languagesFrenchThen "pèle rinage",EnglishThen "pilgrimage",GermanThen it is "Pilgerfahrt"[1] But these are basicallyLatinThe etymology is "peregrinus", and its basic meaning is "passer" or "passer".The StrangerIs[1]..As is clear from the basic meaning of this Latin word, the fundamental form of pilgrimage isGo to a distant sanctuaryIs in the place[1]..各信者の居住地にも宗教施設(教会堂、仏閣、神社など)は存在するのだが、それらに赴く行為のことを「巡礼」と呼ぶことは無いReligious facilities (church, temples, shrines, etc.) exist in the place of residence of each believer, but the act of going to them is not called "pilgrimage".[1]..したがって、巡礼というのは、我々の居住地、つまり日常空間あるいはTherefore, a pilgrimage is our place of residence, that is, our daily space orVulgarIt can also be said that the act of leaving the space, entering the extraordinary space or the sacred space, approaching and contacting the sacred thing there, and then returning to the original everyday space / profane space.[1]. [Note 1]

Classification, type

There are various pilgrimages in the world, but it is also possible to classify them in various ways according to their characteristics.[1].

First of all, the group type and the individual type[1]..あらかじめ集団を組んで巡礼に赴く型と、個々人がおのおのの発意によって個々に巡礼に赴く型があるのであるThere are two types, one is to form a group in advance and go to the pilgrimage, and the other is to go to the pilgrimage individually according to each individual's initiative.[1]..聖地は多くが辺鄙(へんぴ)な場所にあるので、交通手段が未発達の時代においては個人で行うのは困難であったMany of the sacred sites are located in remote areas, so it was difficult for individuals to do so in an era when transportation was underdeveloped.[1](That is, most of them were collective at that time).また、巡礼は長日数におよび金銭的な準備も必要なので、(今日でも)世界中で集団型巡礼はきわめて盛んであるAlso, pilgrimages are very popular all over the world (even today) because pilgrimages require long days and financial preparation.[1].. (なお、大勢でにぎやかに行く巡礼と 独りで黙々と行く巡礼では、その巡礼体験(体験の質)が大きく異なっている(It should be noted that the pilgrimage experience (quality of experience) differs greatly between a pilgrimage that goes lively in large numbers and a pilgrimage that goes silently alone.[1]. )

Other categories are "limited" and "open" with respect to the purpose of the pilgrimage and the qualifications of the pilgrims.[1].. For exampleIslam OfPilgrimage to MeccaIs the scriptureKoranIs stipulated inMuslimNo other entry is strictly prohibited[1], Also for exampleMt. HieiIt is a rough deed to worship the sanctuaries scattered over several tens of kilometers in one day, but this is the Tendai sect'sMonkIt is a pilgrimage that is only permitted to those who are qualified to[1]..これに対して、信者であっても観光客であっても受け入れ、特に巡拝者を限定しない巡礼もあり、たとえば四国のOn the other hand, there are pilgrimages that accept both believers and tourists and do not limit pilgrims, for example, in Shikoku.PilgrimageIs an example[1].

"キ リ ス ト 教,IslamA straight line that visits one of the sacred sites found inIndia,OrientalIt is also classified as a revolving country type that goes around multiple sacred sites found in. "

Jewish pilgrimage

Solomon's Temple(en: Solomon's Temple) Existed (9th century BCKoro ~586 BC) Then,JewishforJerusalemSolomon's Temple is the most important sanctuary(English edition), IePesach(Passover),Shavuot(Seven Weeks Festival),ScottAt the time of (Sukkot), all adult men who can pilgrimage visit the temple there.(English edition)(offeringIt was requested to offer a kind of).

After that, the Solomon's Temple was destroyed, but the temple was stillSecond Temple,Herod TempleWas rebuilt and expanded,70 ADAgain(English edition),Agrippa IIAfter being destroyed by the army, the reconstruction was unfulfilled (although reconstruction was an avid Jewish wish), leaving only a small portion of the (western) outer wall around the former Herod Temple. (""Western WallIs the most important place of pilgrimage for Jews today.

In modern Judaism, there are many pilgrimage sites other than the Wailing Wall, for example.Cave of the Patriarch(The place where Abraham is buried),TzadikTomb (Bethlehem,Mount Meron,(English edition) And so on) are the places of pilgrimage.

Christian pilgrimage

Christianity from the beginningMartyrdomThere was a believer in the graveyard who paid homage to him.これをthismartyrium It's called Martyrium.そうした場所は礼拝の場であるSuch a place is a place of worshipChurchAlong with(I.e.It became an important place for (= Christian community).

4st centuryWhen Christianity is officially recognized, it is the birthplace of Christianity.Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu, EspeciallyJesus ChristIs the fabric ofBethlehem,PassionThe land ofJerusalemBelievers began to travel to worship the remains of.Martyrs' memorial halls around the world were also subject to pilgrimage.

Pilgrimage in Christianity emphasizes not only worship to the sacred place but also the process of pilgrimage.すなわち聖地への旅の過程において、人々は「神との繋がり」を再認識しIn other words, in the process of traveling to the pilgrimage, people reaffirmed their "connection with God."Religious FaithTo strengthen.Louis BunuelThe movie "Galaxy" is (en: The Milky Way (1969 film)/fr: La Voie lactée (film, 1969)),Santiago de CompostelaThe pilgrimage to is depicted as "a story of a question to the existence of God that transcends time and space."

Mediterranean coastFrom the remains of All Saints' Day all over EuropeRelicorImmortal) Orcross,Noah's ArkThere are many churches and cathedrals that are said to have dedicated relics such as the remains of the temple, and pilgrimages to such places were carried out.The pilgrimage attracted many travelers ("Canterbury story"Such).The most famous one isエ レ ナThe relic of the cross, which is said to have been discovered byアルメニアKing Abgals IIIenGifted to Edessa (en: EdessaFrom)ConstantinopleBrought toImage of Edessa(Mandlion, not drawn by handIcon), Of Constantinople聖母 マ リ アClothes,John the BaptistThere is a neck etc.These treasures were lost in the late Middle Ages.It is also said that the relics were stolen or forged from other churches in order to attract pilgrims.また西方では、中世中期からIn the west, from the middle agesMilanChrist ofHoly body cloth,Holy Grail(The Quest for the Holy Grail,Chivalry storyThe folklore was born.

From the late antiquity, by the remains of a martyr奇跡Among the pilgrims who worshipedsickCases have been reported, such as the healing of the legs and the movement of the legs that could not walk.Many pilgrims have come to gather because of these miracles.たとえばピレネー山中のFor example, in the mountains of Pyreneesル ル ドAnd one of the three major Catholic pilgrimage sitesSantiago de CompostelaAnd so on.Ergot disease(It causes gangrene in the limbs and mental confusion) was said to be "healed by going on a pilgrimage."[Note 2]

The pilgrimage church that accommodated people who fell ill during these pilgrimage trips and those seeking accommodation, and the small ones were called "hospice hospice", but the word "hospitality hospitality" was born from the hospitality there. The "hospital hospital" in today's English was derived from the fact that departments for work such as nursing of the sick were created in the church.Therefore, "hospital hospital" means "hospital"Not only,"Nursing home""OrphanageIt also has the meaning of.またhospiceは、現代ではAlso hospice is modernEnd-of-life patientsSpend the rest of the modern "hospiceIs the etymology of.

Three major Catholic pilgrimage sites

CatholicThe three major pilgrimage sites areRome OfSan Pietro Cathedral(= HolyPetroWhere to sleep),Santiago de Compostela(= Where shepherds are supposed to find the tomb of St. James in the 9th century), andJerusalemAlso be treated.

Orthodox (Orthodox church,Eastern Church) Pilgrimage site

As a pilgrimage site for the Orthodox ChurchHagia Sophia(= The former capital of the Byzantine EmpireConstantinopleThat is, the currentIstanbulCathedral),Mount Athos(= A major center of Eastern Orthodox Christianity),St. Catherine's Monastery(= Moses is said to have been given the Ten CommandmentsMount SinaiMonastery in Jerusalem), Jerusalem, etc.Also in Russia,Russian Orthodox ChurchLimited toThe Holy Trinity St. Sergiy Monastery(=St. Sergius of RadnejiThe place where the incorruptible body is located) is also mentioned.

Protestant attitude towards pilgrimage

Reformationrear,ProtestantHas a (also) cold attitude towards pilgrimage[1].[Note 3]

Islamic pilgrimage

MeccaIn (Macca)KaabaTo walk to.ArabicAnd "Hajj".IslamOne of the five lines of.行程に若干異なる点があるが、巡礼にはThere are some differences in the process, but for pilgrimageIslamBelievers of each denomination participate together.

Hijra calendarThe 12th month is called "Hajj's month (pilgrimage month)", and this month is Mecca'sKaabaPilgrimage to is especially encouraged.This is called a great pilgrimage.On the other hand, pilgrimage in other months is a small pilgrimage (Umrah).Every year, millions of pilgrims gather in Mecca every month in Hajj.

Pilgrimage is an act that is obliged to be performed once in a lifetime by those who are physically and economically feasible, but the pilgrimage was accomplished.Muslim(Muslims) are called "Hajji" and are especially respected.

Currently, the number of applicants for Hajj exceeds the acceptable number, and manage Mecca to participate in Hajj.サウジアラビアSpecial issued by the governmentvisaIs necessary.Visa issuance quotas are allocated to each country in consideration of the Muslim population.The Saudi government is afraid of political turmoil that may occur during religious excitement during pilgrimage sites.

The visit to the saint's mausoleumZiyarat(Arabic: Visit) Is strictly distinguished from Hajj (pilgrimage), but Ziyarat is rather closer to the pilgrimage in Japan.[2]..ズィヤーラははじめZiyarat is the beginningShiiteSystematized by successive generationsImam, EspeciallyKarbala OfHusaynVisiting the mausoleum was encouraged (AlbaineSee also).後にイスラーム世界全体に広がり、各地の聖廟を巡歴する形式や、集団参詣も行われるようになったが、近代になって急激に衰退したLater, it spread throughout the Islamic world, and the form of visiting the mausoleums of various places and group visits began to take place, but it declined sharply in modern times.[2].

Baha'i Faith Pilgrimage

Baha'i FaithThen originallyBaghdad OfBaha'u'llahWith the houseShiraz OfBarbThe house was supposed to be a pilgrimage site, but now this pilgrimage is not feasible.If you are currently pilgrimage in Baha'i Faith,イ ス ラ エ ル OfHaifa,AkkoRefers to a nine-day pilgrimage to Buffy.

Hindu pilgrimage

Hindu sanctuary Tirta (तीर्थ tīrtha), Mountains and rivers, famousRishiThe residence of the pilgrimage is the target of the pilgrimage.

VaranasiGhats are the most famous and holyGangesでBathedo.Varanasi is one of the seven most important sacred cities (Saptapuri) for Hindus.サプタプリーの他の7つはThe other six of SaptapleyAyodhya,Mathura,Haridwar,Kanchipuram,Ujjain,Dwarka.

Pilgrimage sites at the four ends of north, south, east and west of India(English edition)Call it and attach importance to it.伝説によると、8世紀のLegend has it that in the XNUMXth centuryShankaraReported that he built a temple around these four pilgrimage sites.チャールダームは北のCharderm is northBadrinath, SouthRameswaram,EasternPrey,WestDwarkaThere is. 4つの巡礼地は遠く離れているためにすべてを巡礼するのは困難だが、多くのヒンドゥー教徒は一生に一度はこの4か所を巡りたいと望んでいるIt is difficult to pilgrimage all four pilgrimage sites because they are so far apart, but many Hindus want to visit these four sites once in a lifetime.[3]..より容易な巡礼地としてAs an easier pilgrimage site(English edition)There is Yamunotri in the Himalayas (Yamuna River(It is said to be the water source of), Gangotri (Ganges River(It is said to be the water source of), Kaedarnath, Badrinath[3].

Kumbh MelaPlayag (Prayagraj),Haridwar,Nashik,Ujjain4 places are also important pilgrimage sites[3].

Jain pilgrimage

JainismThen he denied a bath like Hinduism.いっぽうジャイナ教の聖地は山の中にあり、24人のOn the other hand, the Jain sanctuary is in the mountains and has XNUMX people.TirthankaraIs said to have left an important achievement in his stay[4].

In a major pilgrimage siteLarge gil(Bihar), Parrasnart Mountains (Jharkhand) Sikalji,Mount Abu(Rajasthan),Girnar mountain(Gujarat),(English edition)Shuttlen Jaya Mountain, (Gujarat),Shravanbela Gora(Karnataka)and so on.

Buddhist pilgrimage

India (and Nepal)

The birthplace of BuddhaKapilavastuWas destroyed by King Virudhaka in the afterlife of Buddha and was abandoned, but hundreds of years after Buddha's death, BuddhismmonkKapilavastu, the birthplace of BuddhaLumbiniIt is known that pilgrimages to the area were being carried out.有名な僧ではたとえば5世紀にFamous monks, for example, in the XNUMXth centuryFaxian, In the 7th centuryXuanzangEtc. also visited Kapilavastu on a pilgrimage and left it in a document.However, as a result of the replacement of Buddhism with Hinduism and Islam in the area, pilgrimages by Buddhist monks also ceased, and the location of Kapilavastu became unknown around the 14th century.UNESCOIt seems that the pilgrimage to the Lumbini area had ceased around the 15th century.

(In 1956Beam Lao Ramsey AmbedkarStartedBuddhist reconstruction movementThe (New Buddhist Movement) brought hundreds of thousands of Buddhists to India, and as a result, Buddhist pilgrimages began to take place again. )

One of the most famous pilgrimage sites for Buddhist monks and Buddhists todayLumbini(Birthplace),Bodh Gaya(Narudo, that is, the land of enlightenment),Sarnath(The place where the sermon started),Kushinagar"Buddhism" in (Destructed Land)Four sacred sitesThere is.Avid Buddhists come from all over the world.またそれにさらに4カ所を加えた「仏教In addition, "Buddhism" with four more places addedEight sacred placesSome people pilgrimage to.


In Tibet, it is considered a sacred placeMount KailashPilgrimage to. 12年に一度、「神々が集う」とされる聖なる年、巡礼年を迎えるOnce every XNUMX years, the pilgrimage year, the holy year when the gods gather, is celebrated.[5]..The pilgrimage route around Mount Kailash,Tibetan BuddhismThe people pilgrimage clockwise ([6][7]).BonnThe people pilgrimage counterclockwise ([8]).近年は歩いて巡礼する人が多いが、熱心な人はIn recent years, many people walk and pilgrimage, but those who are enthusiasticFive bodiesProceed by. 1回の五体投地で身長分しか進まないので、一周するのに3万5千回ほど五体投地を行うことになるSince you can only advance by the height of one prostration, you will have to make about XNUMX prostrations to go around.[5].

Mesoamerican pilgrimage

MesoamericaIn civilization, caves, mountains, lakes, springs, rivers, etc. have been the objects of worship from ancient times to the present day.People pilgrimage to the sanctuary, Copal (Incense)Turkey,liqueurMake offerings such as[9].

16th centurySpanishAccording to the record ofYucatan Peninsula OfMaya TheChichen ItzaFormer city, likeコ ス メ ルPilgrimage to an island like.Also,Naj TunichCave is especially important,Caracol,Calakmul,Dos PilasIt is written on the wall of the cave that a pilgrimage came from a distant city such as[10].

Pilgrimage in Japan

Japanese Buddhist pilgrimage

Buddhism in JapanI will explain the pilgrimage in.

Yoro2 years( 718),HasejiIn a dream on the bed of illnessEnma GreatAppeared, "Thirty-three places for the suffering people of the world.KannonSacred placeMake a pilgrimage and recommend a pilgrimage. "Treasure stampWas bestowed.夢から覚めた徳道は宝印に従い三十三箇所の霊場を設けるが、世の信仰を得ることが出来ず発展しなかったため、宝印を摂津Tokudo, who woke up from his dream, set up XNUMX sacred sites according to the treasure seal, but he could not gain the faith of the world and did not develop, so he set the treasure seal.Zhongshan TempleIt is said that it was put in a sarcophagus.

KukaiAfter being admitted (774-835), the monks began their itinerary journey following the footsteps of Kukai.As the times went by, in addition to the places related to Kukai, the places where Shugendo practiced and the starting point of Fudarakutokai such as Ashizurimisaki were added, and the whole Shikoku was regarded as a "place of training". , Performed by monks and apprentices.In this way, "pilgrimage as training" was carried out by esoteric Buddhist monks, but it is said that this spread to the common people during the Muromachi period.

Gentleness2 years( 986), I left home at the age of 19Emperor Kazan TheMt. HieiAfter training at, he applied for a pilgrimage to the Kannon Pilgrimage in XNUMX places.Calligraphy writingEngyo-ji Temple OfSex skySearching for the treasure mark of the sarcophagus at NakayamaderaEien2 years( 988)KishuKumanoHe made a pilgrimage to the XNUMX sacred sites of the treasure stamp and prayed for revival.これが現在のThis is the current33 countries in the westIt is said to be the origin of.

Yoritomo GengenSince (1147-1199) had a deep Kannon belief, it imitated the West.XNUMX BandoApply for a sacred place,Real morningIt is believed that it was established in place of.Fukushima OfYahata Metropolitan Kobetsu ShrineIn the ink inscription of the Kannon statue, "The monk's valve is pilgrimage to XNUMX places.Yamizoyama Kannon-doAt the request of Betto during the XNUMX-day basketTenfuku2 years( 1234) Made a Kannon image. "From this, it seems that XNUMX Bando locations had been established before this.

Heian periodAt the end of the period, famines and epidemics occurred frequently in Japan, killing a large number of people, disturbing society, gradually deteriorating Japanese Buddhism, and corrupting many sectarian monks.CommandmentIt has become unprotected and it has become neglected to save people's hearts.It ’s just Buddhism,End lawWhat was predicted as was happening in Japan.かくしてThusIdeological thoughtHas come to be supported by people. What should I do in this world that has become "Mappo"?People suffered.In the face of the dire situation of Mappo, two major trends have arisen in Japanese Buddhism.

OnePure Land FaithPeople who do this believe that there is a "Pure Land" far to the west (thinking that it will never be saved in this world), and that being able to go there after death will save them.ParadiseA pilgrimage was held (Goshirakawa Pope(1127 — 1192)KumanoBy pilgrimage etc.).Kumano "ParadiseThe pilgrimage to Kumano became active, considering it as "the land of the land".The reason is "Japanese calligraphyIn one book of "Izanami MikotoIn Kumano, Kii ProvinceBuriedIt is also said that Kumano was originally thought of as a "land of the dead" because there is a "land where the dead live" in "bear = muffled" as one of the etymologies of Kumano. ..Nara periodThanStudy roadWas a training ground forKumano Sanzan OfMotomiyaTheAmida Nyorai OfWestern Paradise,ShinguTheDoctor YakushiToho Joruri Joruri andNachi TaishaToSenju KannonTo the south ofPotalakaIt is thought that the belief deepened by thinking of the "Pure Land" as "the land of the Pure Land in this world."

On the other hand,Nichiren(1222-1282) is ""Hokke Sutra』Twenty-eight articles," Myoho Lotus Sutra "is the true teaching that Buddha preached for the salvation of sentient beings, and it corrects the world of this end of the law." Instead of praying for the Buddha or chanting the Buddha, he said that he should change the way he lives by making the Lotus Sutra the basis and actually build happiness in this world.Nichiren was one of the disciples (and worked as an official and had work problems)Shijo KingoIn response to the letter, "Make the Miyazukai the Lotus Sutra", that is, "Think that your usual place of work is the place of training for you who are the practitioners of the Lotus Sutra." Nichiren's disciples and their followers think that "the place of ordinary work, the place of ordinary life, and the place of ordinary human relations are the places of training."And basically think that the world is not divided into "profane places" and "holy places", and expect that you will change yourself by going to the "holy place" called pilgrimage. However, (Nichiren's believers are not really important in pilgrimage, but they usually choose themselves, for example, the thoughts that underlie them, and always wish for the happiness of all people. (Because I think that it is to choose good words, say words that bring happiness to the people around us, and take good actions that bring happiness to everyone), and as a result, Nichiren's followers are so-called "pilgrimages." There is not much to be absorbed in.ただそれでもBut stillNichiren sectIn many denominations of the Lotus Sutra, "the ascending Bodhisattva that saves the world of Mappo appears" and "It is in Mappo.This BuddhaI think that it was predicted (predicted) that "will appear", so it is related to Nichiren, the main Buddha.Kuonji Temple,Ikegami Honmonji,Seichoji Temple,Birth templeIn addition to (also known as "Nichiren Sect Four Sacred Grounds")KamakuraTemples related to Nichiren in the land ofAnkokuronji Temple,Choshoji TempleThere are also (some) people who make pilgrimages to such places.

Thus, in Japan, pilgrimages were carried out from various standpoints such as Kannon worship, esoteric Buddhism worship (Daishi worship), Pure Land worship, Lotus Sutra worship, and Nichiren worship.The early modern periodWhen entering, the common people aim for a religious pilgrimage, reflecting the peaceful world.TravelThe pilgrimage became popular as it became more enjoyable.

Pilgrimage of Fujiko

It became popular in the Edo periodFuji lectureThen,Mount FujiPilgrimage to Mt. Fuji (Mount Fuji)Fuji Five Lakes,Shiraito FallsAnd so on.富士山までなかなか行くことができない人々は、住まいの近くにPeople who can't easily reach Mt. Fuji are near their homesFujizukaI made and climbed there.

Ise Iseri(Thanks to Ise Ko)

Buddhist Japanese-style pilgrimage in Taiwan and South Korea

The pilgrimage that is carried out by setting a "fudasho" in the temple is unique to Japan and is a custom not seen in China or Korea, but in Japan33 countries in the westThe sacred place that copied20st centuryFrom the second half21st centuryTowards the beginning South Korea,TaiwanIt has been founded in.

1984In JapanYangtani TempleBy the priestKorean Kannon Sacred GroundBut, 1997Also in JapanEishoji TempleBy the priestTaiwan XNUMX Kannon Sacred Ground Has been founded.更にFurthermore 2008In KoreaJogye OrderとKorea Tourism OrganizationCooperateSanctuary of XNUMX Kannon in KoreaHas been founded.

Incidentally,Korea under Japanese ruleAs a main temple temple for the purpose of temple controlXNUMX North KoreaIn addition to the designation, the Jogye Order of South Korea after independence established 25 dioceses and each has a main temple, but it cannot be confirmed whether pilgrimages are being carried out with these as objects of worship.

Main sacred sites and pilgrimage sites





  1. ^ Since the Meiji era, the Japanese word "pilgrimage" also refers to visiting the sacred sites of each religion in general.In the first place, the word "pilgrimage" itself does not include the meaning of "must be a shrine or temple". ..In Japanese, there is also a synonym for "junpai","Pilgrimage" has a strong religious character, and "pilgrimage" has a strong meaning of tourism and entertainment.[Source required]Some people say.
  2. ^ Ergot diseaseRyeStick toErgotIllness caused by pilgrimagefastingIt is said that he was cured because he stopped eating contaminated rye.There are also examples of what is considered a "miracle" that can be scientifically explained.
  3. ^ From a Protestant standpoint, in the first placeBibleAs the command of God Yahweh and Jesus, there is no mention of "performing a pilgrimage (to the sanctuary of Catholic or Orthodox)", so as most Protestant denominations that emphasize (only) what is really written in the Lamentations. Judged that pilgrimage was (/ also) a habit created by humans, and that it was a mistake (although I know the history of Catholic pilgrimage). That's why.カトリック教会(や正教会)の幹部の人間の都合で勝手に作りだした諸習慣(悪名高きCustoms (notorious) created by the convenience of human executives of the Catholic Church (or Orthodox Church)IndulgenceHe said he protested and corrected his mistakes in a life-threatening manner to eliminate the negative effects of (for his own convenience) unfounded (strange) habits created by a myriad of other church executives. As a Protestant with an origin, he has to be cold-hearted about the custom of "pilgrimage" (in the light of the Bible, the basis for doing it is unknown, and the Bible is quite suspicious). There is no such thing.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s {Super Nipponica"Pilgrimage" written by Eiki Hoshino
  2. ^ a b Tetsuya Otoshi "Pilgrimage and pilgrimage to Islam-Focusing on pilgrimage to Egyptian tombs-"Shikoku Pilgrimage and Pilgrimage of the World"Hakuhokan, 2007, pp. 169-183.ISBN 9784831856814.
  3. ^ a b c Paul Gwynne (2009). World Religions in Practice: A Comparative Introduction. Blackwell. ISBN 9781405167024 
  4. ^ Kenji Watanabe "Jainism Nonviolence, Non-Ownership, Nonkilling-The Doctrine and Real Life"Ronsha, 2005, pp. 293-297.ISBN 4846003132.
  5. ^ a b NHK BS "Tibetan Kailas Pilgrimage" broadcast on January 2015, 1.
  6. ^ Selected edition Japanese language dictionary "Right bottom / right side』- Koto bank
  7. ^ Daijirin Third Edition "Right bottom』- Koto bank
  8. ^ The Complete Encyclopedia of Japan (Nipponika) "Bonn』- Koto bank
  9. ^ Pilgrimage to Broken Mountain: A Nahua Ritual for Abundant Crops, Aztec Page at Mexicolore, https://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/modern-nahua-pilgrimage 
  10. ^ Witschey, Walter RT (2016). “Rites and Rituals”. In Walter RT Witschey. Encyclopedia of the Ancient Maya. Rowman & Littlefield. Pp. 295-296. ISBN 0759122865 

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