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🌏 | US Senate approves Secretary of Defense Austin for the first time in African descent


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US Senate Approves Secretary of Defense Austin First African American

 
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Former President Donald Trump's refusal to win Mr. Biden prevented a smooth transition to power, and some Republicans, in addition to Democrats, urged urgent approval of senior government officials on national security.
 

[Washington, XNUMXnd Reuters] -US Senate praises Austin's retired Army General's nomination as Secretary of Defense on the XNUMXnd ... → Continue reading

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Deputy Secretary-General, Cabinet Secretariat

Deputy Secretary-General, Cabinet Secretariat(I don't think about it,British: Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary[1]) IsChief Cabinet SecretaryTo assistSpecial occupation Ofgovernment official.. Since July 1998, the capacity is 7 (Cabinet ActRegulations).

Overview

The Deputy Secretary-General of the Cabinet Secretariat assists the Cabinet Secretary's duties and receives a lifeCabinet SecretariatOf the office of the Cabinet Secretary, and if the Cabinet Secretary-General preliminarily determines that the Cabinet Secretary-General is absent, the duties of the Cabinet Secretary shall be performed (Cabinet ActArticle 14, paragraph 3). As a treatmentDeputy MinisterEquivalent (before the reorganization of the central government agencyUnder Secretary of StateHowever, it is often treated differently from other deputy ministers, such as attending a commemorative photo by a cabinet member after the formation of the cabinet.Prewar OfCabinet SecretaryIt is also positioned as a substantial successor to.

Deputy Secretary of State is Prime MinisterFactionIn many cases, mid-career and young politicians who are close to the prime minister, such as those from Japan, are appointed.On the other hand, there are cases where veterans such as experienced ministers are appointed because of their importance.In the former case, he often holds important positions after his experience, and is a post for young politicians.[2](The Deputy Secretary-General, who later became Prime Minister, is as of 2011.Noboru Takeshita,Toshiki Kaifu,Mori,Shinzo Abe,Yukio Hatoyama5 people). As an example of the latter, in 2011,Minister of Finance-Minister of FinanceIs a veteran politicianHirohisa Fujii, Has experience as Chief Cabinet SecretaryYuto SenyaHas been appointed one after another from the perspective of strengthening the functions of the official residence.It is unlikely that other deputy ministers and deputy ministers will be demoted if they have experience as ministers, but the deputy secretary of the cabinet since the 80s is a complete exception, and Fujii mentioned above. In addition to Sengoku, Jun Matsumoto, Hiroyuki Hosoda, Muneo Suzuki, Kaoru Yosano, Takao Fujimoto, Ichiro Ozawa, Takao Fujinami and others have been appointed after cabinet experience.

The Deputy Secretary in charge isReorganization of central ministriesFormerly oldMinistry of InteriorOut of government officesNational Police Agency, OldMinistry of Home Affairs, OldMinistry of Health and WelfareIt is customary to be appointed by those who have been in the post-secretary post who came from the United States, and have generally been followed even after the reorganization of ministries.[3][4].. On the other handFirst Abe CabinetThen.Junzo Matoba(OldMinistry of FinanceI'm fromUnder Secretary of LandExperienced person)Noda CabinetThen.Taketoshi Makoto(OldMinistry of ConstructionI'm fromUnder Secretary of Land, Infrastructure and TransportIn recent years, the appointment has been made without regard to customs, such as the appointment of an experienced person).First Abe Cabinet OfKazuhiro SugitaIn the case of, after serving as the director of the National Police Agency, the vice minister levelCabinet Intelligence Officer, Special jobCabinet Crisis ManagementIt was inauguration after.

Under Secretary MeetingThe main task is coordinating between ministries, such as managing the (current/secretary liaison conference), and is regarded as the top of the bureaucracy. There are many cases where the term of office exceeds the cabinet for a long time, for example,Nobuo IshiharaServed seven prime ministers in the LDP, non-LDP coalition, and in-house administrations.

Cabinet HR DirectorIs appointed by a person appointed from the Deputy Secretary-General of the Cabinet Secretariat (Article 21 of the Cabinet Act).

Appointment

Deputy Secretary of the Cabinet SecretariatCertifierHowever, the qualification requirements for appointment and the division of duties between deputy secretaries are not clearly defined by law such as the Cabinet Law, and as a political affairs officer,Member of the House of RepresentativesMember of the House of CouncilorsTwo people, one from each,Under SecretaryExperienced personCareerOfficialsIt is customary that one person from each is appointed.

history

  • 1945年(Showa 20) July 9- Cabinet SecretaryunderDeputy Secretary-General of the Cabinet(Constant 1 person) is newly established.
  • 1947年(Showa 22) May 5-With the enforcement of the Constitution of Japan, the Deputy Secretary-General of the Cabinet is abolished.Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary(A fixed number of people) will be installed. Instead of the Cabinet Law, "Cabinet Secretariat and Legal Affairs Bureau staff installation system (Showa 1Cabinet OrderNo. 2)”, the so-called “Government-appointed employment”.
  • 1947年(Showa 22) June 6-Due to the revision of the installation system such as the Cabinet Secretariat and Legal Affairs Bureau staff, the number will be increased to two people.
  • 1949年(24)6/1 -With the abolition of the Cabinet Secretariat staff installation systemCabinet ActPartial amendment of theDeputy Secretary-General, Cabinet SecretariatIs installed. The capacity follows the precedent.
  • 1984年(Showa 59) July 7- General Affairs AgencyIn addition to the Cabinet Secretariat,Prime Minister's OfficeHe is also in charge of assisting with the general arrangement of the government (excluding ministries and agencies).
  • 1998年(10) July 7-Due to a partial revision of the Cabinet Act, the fixed number of people (two in charge of affairs, one in charge of clerical work) to three (increasing one in charge of affairs) is increased. The third person was appointed on 1st.
  • 2001年(13) January 1-Due to a partial revision of the Cabinet Act, the so-calledCertifierAnd the appointment and dismissalEmperorCertified by Following the reorganization of central ministriesCabinet OfficeResponsible for assisting general organization (excluding ministries and agencies).

List of Deputy Secretary of the Cabinet Secretariat

Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary (Certifier)
Political affairsGovernment affairs/visitOffice workCabinetInauguration date
Shinzo AbeLDPUeno KoseiLDPSadajiro FurukawaSecond Forest Remodeling Cabinet2001年(13)1/6
1st Koizumi Cabinet2001 year (Heisei 13 year)4/26
Hiroyuki HosodaMasaaki YamazakiMasahiro Futahashi1st Koizumi 2st remodeling cabinet2003年(15)9/22
Masatake Sugiura2st Koizumi Cabinet2004年(16)5/7
Long timeSuzuki SeijiThird Koizumi remodeling cabinet2005年(17)10/31
Hirofumi ShimomuraJunzo MatobaFirst Abe Cabinet2006年(18)9/26
Ono MatsushigeMitsuhide IwakiSecond Abe remodeling Cabinet2007年(19)8/27
Masahiro FutahashiFukuda Yasuo Cabinet2007 year (Heisei 19 year)9/26
Tate ShioyaFukuda Yasuo remodeling Cabinet2008年(20)8/2
Jun MatsumotoShoji KonoikeIku UrushimaAso Cabinet2008 year (Heisei 20 year)9/24
Asano Katsuhito2009年(21)5/13
Matsuno YorihisaDemocratic PartyKoji MatsuiDemocratic PartyKinya TakinoYukio Hatoyama Cabinet2009 year (Heisei 21 year)9/16
Furukawa MotohisaTetsuro FukuyamaNaoto Kan Cabinet
Naoto Kan 1st Remodeling Cabinet
2010年(22)6/8
Hirohisa FujiiNaoto Kan 2st Remodeling Cabinet2011年(23)1/14
Yuto SenyaNaoto Kan 2st Remodeling Cabinet2011 year (Heisei 23 year)3/17
Kei SaitoHiroyuki NagahamaTaketoshi MakotoNoda Cabinet2011 year (Heisei 23 year)9/2
Hiroshi ShibaNoda Third Remodeling Cabinet2012年(24)10/1
Katsunobu KatoLDPHiroshige SekoLDPKazuhiro SugitaFirst Abe Cabinet
Second Abe remodeling Cabinet
First Abe Cabinet
2012 year (Heisei 24 year)12/26
Koichi Hagita3th Abe 1nd remodeling Cabinet2015年(27)10/7
Kotaro Nogami3th Abe 2nd remodeling Cabinet2016年 (Heisei 28) 8/3
Yasutoshi Nishimura3th Abe 3nd remodeling Cabinet
First Abe Cabinet
4th Abe 1nd remodeling Cabinet
2017年 (Heisei 29) 8/3
Akihiro NishimuraNaoki Okada4th Abe 2nd remodeling Cabinet2019年 (First Year of Reiwa) 9/11
Sakai ManabuYoshihide Suga Cabinet2020年 (Reiwa 2 years) 9/16
  • Unlike the Cabinet Secretary, who is the Secretary of State, the Deputy Secretary-General of the Cabinet does not apply the provisions of Article 71 of the Constitution of Japan and is a governmental office that does not automatically lose the job at the same time as the appointment of the new Prime Minister, At the new Prime Minister's Cabinet, he asked himself to resign and vacated his seat for succession. For this reason, there are cases in which the new Vice-Minister is appointed without a request for resignation (formally vacant seats), and cases in which he/she immediately resigns without appointed the new Deputy Secretary (vacant seats). In the latter case, The deputy secretary office will be completely vacant for several hours to several days until the appointment of a successor (although the deputy secretary and deputy secretary act as a de facto representative, there is no official "deputy secretary-general representative"). ..
  • The following is an example in which the deputy secretary's change did not occur at the same time, resulting in a vacant seat.
    • Resignation of the predecessor and appointment of the successor resulted in vacant seats on the same day
      • Haneda Cabinet: Two Deputy Secretaries of Kitamura and Ishikawa
    • The appointment of the successor was delayed until the day after the resignation of the predecessor, resulting in vacancy
      • Obuchi Cabinet: Three deputy secretaries of Suzuki, Uesugi, and Furukawa were appointed on July 3, 10, the day after their predecessors resigned. )

Designation

News reportOften seen inGovernment sources"" means "someone of the Deputy Secretary-General of the Cabinet Secretariat". The Deputy SecretaryOff-the-recordIt is used when you say in. In the pressChief Cabinet SecretaryIt is customary for the Deputy Secretary-General of the Cabinet Secretary to be replaced with a “high-ranking government official”, while “is a “government leader”.

footnote

  1. ^ "List of English names such as Cabinet Secretariat organization". Cabinet Secretariat. 2020/10/18Browse.
  2. ^ Yomiuri Shimbun June 2011, 1
  3. ^ Influential government agencies such as the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry are excluded in order to balance Kasumigaseki, and among the former Ministry of Interior government agencies, only the Ministry of Construction has been excluded.Public worksDirectly withGeneral contractorIt is said that this is because there are many opportunities to negotiate with and have a constitution that makes it easy to get involved in interests.Nobuo Ishihara"Decision of the Prime Minister's Office" (Chuko Bunko), etc.
  4. ^ Fumihiko Takayama "The Powers of Kasumigaseki" Kodansha p319

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