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🌏 | British Prime Minister Johnson Negative to Boycott of Beijing Olympics Uighur Problem


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British Prime Minister Johnson Negative to Beijing Olympic Boycott over Uighur Issues

 
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He added that if the British team were to be sent to the tournament, the players "should not be suppressed from blaming the Chinese government."
 

There are calls for a boycott of the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics over the treatment of Uighurs, an ethnic minority in China. → Continue reading

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People's Republic of China State Council


People's Republic of China

People's Republic of China Politics


Related item: Hong Kong politics-Macau politics-Taiwan politics

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People's Republic of China State Council(Chukajin MinkyuSimple : State Council) IsPeople's Republic of China Of政府.. In other countriesCabinetEquivalent to.State CouncilAlso abbreviated. In the early days of the founding of the People's Republic of ChinaState CouncilWas called.

Overview

Constitution of the People's Republic of ChinaAccording to the regulations of the State Council of the People's Republic of China,National People's CongressandNational People's Congress Standing Committee) Is the executive body and is the highest state administrative body. The State Council has an administrative responsibility for the National People's Congress and is obliged to report its duties (while the Games are closed, it is responsible for the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress and is obliged to report its duties).

The composition of the State Council is determined by the "People's Republic of China State Council Organization Law."

History

1949May 10The People's Republic of China was founded in, and as its central government,Mao Zedong"Central People's Government" was established with the chairman. The State Council, the predecessor of the State Council, was established as the executive body of the Central People's Government. To the Prime MinisterZhou EnlaiWas appointed. Although the State Council was similar in function to the current State Council, there is a difference in that the State Council is the highest executive agency of the national politics, whereas the State Council is the highest executive agency of the national politics directly reporting to the Central People's Government. .. In addition, the State Council has no control over militaryMinistry of Defence(Ministry of Defense) was not installed either.

1954May 9Due to the establishment of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China inMay 9, The State Council was reorganized into the State Council. The State Council has been designated as the Central People's Government and has been positioned as the highest state administration. First generationPrime MinisterZhou Enlai was appointed again. In addition, the Ministry of Defense was established as a military control agency.

Constitution

1982May 12According to the Organization Law of the State Council, which was revised by the Fifth Meeting of the NPC, the State Council is presided over by the Prime Minister (the prime minister), the Deputy Prime Minister (some), the State Commissioner (some), and the general managers (ministers of each ministry). , Equivalent to each committee chief (corresponding to the Commissioner),People's Bank of ChinaIt consists of the chief of the bank, the chief of the Board of Audit, the chief of accounting, and the secretary general of the State Council.

Prime Minister
Chief of the State Council. Guiding the activities of the State Council and directing and supervising overall administration. The prime ministerManaging Director, Central Political Bureau, Communist Party of ChinaBe sure to be selected from.
Deputy Prime Minister
Assistant to the Prime Minister and responsible for important operations. The deputy prime minister, who is in charge of managing duties, acts on behalf of the prime minister during the prime minister's visits.Lee PengFrom the Cabinet (7th term), the Deputy Managing Director (XNUMXst Deputy Prime Minister) is the Managing Director of the Central Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China, and the other Deputy Prime Ministers areCPC Central Political BureauElected from the committee.
State Committee
Cultural RevolutionLater, the vice prime minister was revitalized as an honorary position against the revived senior executives, and he immediately returned to the position before he was dismissed, so the vice prime minister eventually swelled to more than 20 people. To solve this situation, 1982May 5The State Councilor was added at the 5rd meeting of the 23th NPC Standing Committee. Like the Deputy Prime Minister, he will be responsible for important tasks. The treatment is similar to that of the Deputy Prime Minister, but the order is under the Deputy Prime Minister.
Secretary general
Responsible for the day-to-day processing of the State Council and the work of the State Council Public Office (Secretariat). Usually, the Deputy Prime Minister or the State Secretary also serves concurrently, and the Deputy Secretary-General (several persons) assists the Secretary-General.

The following are the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister, State Secretary, and Secretary General.

PositionNameParty positionResponsibleDual post
Prime MinisterLee KeqiangManaging Director, Central Political Bureau, Communist Party of China
(Rank 2nd)
Deputy Prime MinisterLiu CraneCPC Central Political Bureau委员
(Rank 10nd)
Science and technology, industry, finance, financeNational Development and Reform Commission
Deputy Prime MinisterLiu YandongMember of the Central Political Bureau of the Chinese Communist Party
Education/Culture/Hygiene/Port Ao (Hong Kong-Macau)
Deputy Prime MinisterWang YangMember of the Central Political Bureau of the Chinese Communist Party
Agriculture, business etc.
Deputy Prime MinisterMakaiMember of the Central Political Bureau of the Chinese Communist Party
Traffic, etc.
State CommitteeYang CrystalCentral Committee of the Communist Party of ChinaState Council daily workSecretary General of the State Council
Central Secretariat of the Communist Party of ChinaSecretary
State CommitteeWei FengheCentral Committee of the Communist Party of ChinaNational defense mobilizationDefense Minister
CPC Central Military Commission委员
State CommitteeWang YiCentral Committee of the Communist Party of ChinaDiplomacy, Chinese,Taiwan(=Republic of China)Foreign Affairs Director
State CommitteeKatsushi ZhaoCentral Committee of the Communist Party of ChinaPublic security, judiciary, national securityPublic Security Manager
State CommitteeCentral Committee of the Communist Party of ChinaState-owned enterprise

Cabinet

The basic policy regarding important policies of the State Council is decided by a consensus. According to Article 4 of the State Council Organization Law, important issues in the activities of the State Council must be decided through discussions by the Executive Committee of the State Council or the General Assembly of the State Council. The Executive Committee of the State Council and the General Assembly of the State Council are both convened and presided over by the Prime Minister.

Executive Council of the State Council
It is composed of the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister, the Secretary of State and Secretary General. Held once a week, it discusses and decides on important issues in the activities of the State Council, discusses legislation and deliberates on administrative regulations.
General Assembly of the State Council
All members of the State Council participate. Held once every six months, it discusses and decides important issues in the activities of the State Council as a whole, and also discusses and decides important issues in each department of the State Council.

Election

Prime MinisterHead of stateIs nominated by the President and appointed by the President after approval of the National People's Congress. The Deputy Prime Minister and the member of the State Council are appointed by the Prime Minister and appointed by the President after approval by the National People's Congress.

The term of office of the State Council is five years, which is equivalent to the term of the NPC. The prime minister, deputy prime minister, and state affairs committee members cannot be elected three consecutive times.

mechanism

The following sections of the State Council are central government agencies equivalent to Japanese ministries, and the directors are ministers of each ministry, but since the Deputy Prime Minister and the State Secretary make up the Executive Council of the State Council, which is equivalent to the Cabinet, it is practical. Can be called the Under Secretary. Each committee of the State Council has the function of transcending departments and coordinating various government activities. The committee is headed by a chief. In addition, to the State CouncilMinistry of DefenceIs installed,PLA TheChinese Communist PartyThe military department ofCentral Military CommissionIt is under subjugation and independent of the State Council, so the Ministry of Defense is not in direct command.

The heads of departments and committees (equivalent to ministers and ministers of Japanese ministries and agencies) are as follows.

PositionNameFaction
外交部ManagerWang Yi (Concurrently serving as State Committee Member)Chinese Communist Party
Ministry of DefenceManagerWei Fenghe (Concurrently serving as State Affairs Committee member)Chinese Communist Party
National Development and Reform CommissionChief(Chinese version)Chinese Communist Party
Ministry of EducationManager(Chinese version)Chinese Communist Party
Science and Technology DepartmentManager(Chinese version)Chinese Communist Party
Industrial Information DepartmentManager(Chinese version)Chinese Communist Party
National Ethnic Affairs CommitteeChief(Chinese version)(Mongolian)Chinese Communist Party
Ministry of Public SecurityManagerKatsushi Zhao(Concurrently serving as State Committee Member)Chinese Communist Party
National Security DepartmentManager(Chinese version)Chinese Communist Party
Ministry of Civil AffairsManagerLee KisungChinese Communist Party
JudiciaryManager(Chinese version)Chinese Communist Party
Finance DepartmentManager(Chinese version)Chinese Communist Party
Human Resources Social Security DepartmentManager(Chinese version)Chinese Communist Party
Natural Resources DepartmentManagerLandChinese Communist Party
Ecological Environment DepartmentManagerYellow Jun autumnJiu San Society
Housing City Rural Construction DepartmentManager(Chinese version)Chinese Communist Party
Transportation DepartmentManagerLee Small PengChinese Communist Party
Ministry of Water ResourcesManager(Chinese version)Chinese Communist Party
AgricultureManager(Chinese version)Chinese Communist Party
Commerce DepartmentManager(Chinese version)Chinese Communist Party
Culture and Tourism DepartmentManagerTakeshi HokiChinese Communist Party
National Hygiene and Health CommissionChiefMa XiaoweiChinese Communist Party
Manager(Chinese version)Chinese Communist Party
Manager(Chinese version)Chinese Communist Party
People's Bank of ChinaLine lengthEasy ropeChinese Communist Party
Inquiry stationInspector General(Chinese version)(Female)Chinese Communist Party

State Council Special Direct Organization

Organization directly under the State Council

Business unit directly under the State Council

State Council

National Bureau of State Council and Committee Management

State Council Parliamentary Coordination Mechanism and Temporary Organization

Member of the Executive Committee of the successive State Council

Phase 1 State Council

Term (19549 - 19594)

Phase 2 State Council

Term (19594 - 19651)

  • Prime Minister: Zhou Enlai
  • Deputy Prime Ministers: Chen Yun, Lin Biao, Peng Dehui, Deng Xiaoping, Deng Zhuo, Hei Long, Chen Yi, Ulan Hu, Lee Fuchu, Lee Shun, Sheng Rong, thin wave,Tanshin Forest,Rikusadaichi,Lord Luo Rui, Isamu Nakanaka
  • Secretary-General: Isao Xinaka (concurrent post)

Phase 3 State Council

Term (19651 - 19751)

  • Prime Minister: Zhou Enlai
  • Deputy Prime Minister: Lin Biao, Chen Yun, Deng Xiaoping, Helong, Chen Yi,Ke Keise, Ulanfu, Lee Fushun, Lee premonition, Tan Xinlin, Lai Yong, thin wave, Rikujoichi, Ra Rui,Pottery casting,Xie Fuuji
  • Secretary General: Shuei Zhou

Phase 4 State Council

Term (19751 - 19783)

Phase 5 State Council

Term (19783 - 19836)

  • Prime Minister: Hua Guo Feng (1980May 9Resignation) →Zhao hydrangea
  • Deputy Prime Minister: Deng Xiaoping, Lee Premonition,Xu Xiangqian, Kito Kei, Yushu Li, Chen Xinlian,Geng Biao, Chen Yong-Ki, Wang Jing, Tanimaki,Chen Hua(woman)
    • 197812 Appointed as Deputy Prime Minister
    • 1979July Chen Yun appoints thin one wave as Deputy Prime Minister
    • 19799 Yaolin,Hime Peng FeiAppointed as Deputy Prime Minister
    • 19804 Zhao hydrangea,WanliAppointed as Deputy Prime Minister and dismissed Kito Kei and Chen Xin Lian
    • September 1980, 9 With the resignation of Prime Minister Hua Guo Feng, Deng Xiaoping, Lee Suan, Chen Yun, Xu Zhong Mae, Wang Jing, Shigeo Wing resigned as Vice Prime Minister. Deputy Prime Minister is dismissed.
  • Secretary: (1979) → Hime Peng Fei (1980)

1980May 9Establishes Zhao Ziyang Cabinet at the 5rd Meeting of the Standing Committee of the 3th National People's Congress

  • Prime Minister: Zhao Ziyang
  • Deputy Prime Ministers: Yosato, Gaya, Houki, Tanimaki, Yaseon, Chen Hua (female), Thin One Wave, Yaolin, Hime Peng Fei, Wanli,Zhang Ai,Yellow flower
  • Advisor to the State Council (19813Installed in): ,,,
  • Secretary General: Hime Peng Fei (19813Dismissed)

1982May 5Establishes State Secretary at 5rd Meeting of Standing Committee of 23th National People's Congress

  • Prime Minister: Zhao Ziyang
  • Deputy Prime Minister: Wanli, Jolin
  • State Councilors: Yoakisato, Geng Biao, Houki, Gu Mu, Kang Seong, Chen Muhua (female), Bo Yibo, Ji Pengfei, Huanghua, 
    • Appointed in November 1982
  • Secretary:

Phase 6 State Council

Term (19836 - 19884)

  • Prime Minister: Zhao Ziyang (1987May 11Resignation)
  • Deputy Prime Minister: Wanli, Jolin, Li Peng,Takiun
  • State Secretary: Houki, Tanimaki, Yasuyo, Chen Huahua (female), Hime Peng Fei, Zhang Qiu, Zhang Ai Wing,Wu Gakken,Song Ping,
  • Secretary General: Noriyuki Tanaka (concurrent post) → (1985)

Phase 7 State Council

Term (19884 - 19933)

  • Prime Minister: Lee Peng
  • Deputy Prime Minister: Yao Yilin, Tian Jiyun, Wu Xueqian 
  • State Committee:Lee Tetsuei,Motoi Hata, Inui Wang, Song Ken, Hana Hana,Lee,Chen Nozomi, Chen Toshio
    • Appointed in 1991 Qian
  • Secretary: Toshio Chen (concurrent post) →Rakan

Phase 8 State Council

Term (19933 - 19983)

  • Prime Minister: Lee Peng
  • Deputy Prime Minister: Zhu Rongji, Hina Hana, Qian Qi,Lee Arashi
  • State Secretary: Lee Tetsuei,Slow Hirota, Song Qing, Lee Kun, Chen Toshio, (Uighur), (female), Rakan
  • Secretary: Rakan (concurrent)

Phase 9 State Council

Term (19983 - 20033)

  • Prime Minister: Zhu Rongji
  • Deputy Prime Minister: Lee Arashi, Qian Qi, WuWen Jiabao
  • State affairs committee: Hirota Slow, Rakan,Wu Yi(Woman), Yoshimasa Shiba, Buyers (Uyghur),
  • Secretary General: Tadashi Wang (concurrent)

Phase 10 State Council

Term (20033 - 20083)

Phase 11 State Council

Term (20083 - 20133)

  • Prime Minister: Wen Jiabao
  • Deputy Prime Minister:Lee Keqiang(Executive Vice Prime Minister, Development and Reform, Finance, National Land Resources, Environmental Protection, Construction, Population, Sanitation), Kairayama (Agriculture, Ethnicity, Civil Affairs, Religion),Zhang Tokue(In charge of industry, transportation, human resources, social security, corporate reform, safe production),王岐山(In charge of business, finance, market management, tourism)
  • State Committee:Liu Yandong(In charge of education, science and technology, culture and media, sports, Hong Kong and Macau),Guang Liang(In charge of national defense mobilization),Makai,Meng Jianzhu(Political Law)Country(Foreign Affairs)
  • Secretary: Ma Kai (concurrent post)


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