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🌏 | British fund CVC Capital to offer acquisition to Toshiba = related sources


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British fund CVC Capital to offer acquisition to Toshiba = related sources

 
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He has also served as chairman and co-representative of CVC's Japanese subsidiary.
 

[Tokyo XNUMXth Reuters] – CVC Capital Partners, a British private equity (PE) company ... → Continue reading

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Chairman and co-representative

Multi national company

Multi national company(Takokusekikyo,English: Multinational Corporation, abbreviation:MNC) Means one activity baseCountryNot just across multiple countriesGlobalLarge scale active inCompanyThat is.

Definition

For the international economyMonopolyBecause it is a concept that expresses power[1]Simple, paying attention to scaleHollowing outTo distinguish.

In addition to the above, economistsRaymond VernonLimited to the manufacturing industry advocated byParent companyThere is also a definition that requires a 25% stake in the company.

What is actually considered a multinational corporationService industryOrInvestment trustIs used to reduce the direct investment ratio.

The term multinational corporation is said to have been used for the first time in a treatise by D. Lilienthal of the United States in 1960.[2].

Overview

There is no clear beginning for multinational corporations to become an international issue.Academic research on multinational corporations, thereforeBritish East India CompanySometimes it went back to[3]..An adventure was also taken to organize the history of individual multinational corporations in chronological order and compress them into one book.[4]..However, multinational corporations have not been discussed endlessly since the 17th century of the East Indies.Multinational corporations said, "The present age when international relations are highly close.資本主義Under the hugeMonopolyIt was regarded as a problem as "a general form of existence of a company"[1].. The author of the source has not clarified what "modern capitalism with highly close international relations" means.Here are some clues to consider this point.First, (1) the flood of research literature on multinational corporations has been remarkable since the latter half of the 1960s.[5]..(2) One of the meanings of the United Nations definition of multinational corporations is in the "Economic Rights and Obligations Charter of Countries" adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in December 1974.[6]..And around the same time, (3) 3/4 of the British pharmaceutical industryMerck & Company,Ef Hoffman La RocheIt is pointed out that it is under the control of foreign capital[7].. (2) and (3) are the same for both the United Kingdom and the United StatesInstitutionalizationIt was an era.And (1) isSecondary bankingCiti's defeat was almost decided in the sales battle,Euro clearWas establishedLIBORWas the time when he landed in London.And then, institutional investors will be diversifiedInternational financial marketThe trend was decided. "Modern capitalism with highly close international relations" is actually an institutionalized economy.The funds of institutional investors became a tsunami and flooded public and corporate bonds and multinational corporations.That was the problem.in JapanLockheed caseHappened and bribery was hit by public opinion,LockheedIs said to be difficult to call a multinational corporation due to lack of overseas production activities.[1]..Weapons industry rather than companiesbriberyThe activity was becoming "multinational," and that unnecessary money was a problem.The world economy by institutional investorsTrickle down theoryIt was pushing in the opposite direction.There was a global monopoly there.This money game that took mass savings hostage isWorld financial crisisIt is still continuing after that.

History

You can search for institutionalized companies as many times as you like from the next section.Therefore, I dare to write the history briefly, away from the awareness of the problem.

1215 yearsMagna CartaStipulated the protection of hostile assets.This isDover StraitIt became a prerequisite for the birth of a multinational corporation.

By landImperial MailDeveloped slowly. With the discovery of the new continent in 1492, the use of mail became more active.

At the time when each country established the East Indies company, Merchant Bank (merchant bank) Has appeared.

Speaking of multinational corporations in the 19th centuryDe Beers,Cable and wireless,American life insurance companiesAnd so on.

Interwar periodThe leading role ofGeneral ElectricとIG Farben IndustrieIt is an element of world history.

Oil measureEach company has a very long life, and management is dynamic until it is institutionalized.

Institutionalization of multinational corporations is the internationalization of ownership, since the 1980sSecuritizationAnd radically complemented each other.AndRestructuringIs also institutionalized.From time to time, it ’s a public multinational corporation.PrivatizationIt is done promptly by the experience given.

Well-known multinational companies-by industry

It also introduces those that are biased toward public enterprises and regions.4 major accounting firmsIs also famous.In defenseBlackwater usa.

electricity

Germany
France
イタリア
スウェーデン

Concern (multi-industry)

France
スイス
イタリア
ベルギー
Sri Lanka
Hong Kong
The United States of America
スペイン
オーストリア
ロシア

Banks, securities, insurance, funds, finance

International Bank Communication AssociationAnd of the international settlement institutionsClear streamとEuro clearIs also a business entity.Fund of funds Mutual fundとHedge fundThetrustIt has become.Private equity fundBelongs to the following enterprises.

Manufacture of aircraft, weapons and military products

The United States of America
カナダ
Brazil
The United Kingdom
France
イタリア
スウェーデン

Car manufacturing

The United States of America
France
イタリア
Germany
スペイン
チ ェ コ
ロシア
スウェーデン

Manufacture of electro-optic products

The United States of America
The United Kingdom
France
Germany
Netherlands
スイス
スウェーデン
フィンランド
Japan
South Korea

Computer software manufacturing

Manufacture of machine products

The United States of America
The United Kingdom
France
Germany
スイス
リヒテン シュタイン
スウェーデン
ノルウェー

Steel / metal

The United States of America
カナダ
The United Kingdom
Germany
India
Brazil

Manufacturing of chemical products

The United States of America
The United Kingdom
France
Germany
スイス
イタリア
Netherlands
ベルギー

Manufacture of pharmaceuticals and bio products

The United States of America
The United Kingdom
アイルランド
Australia
  • Australian flag
France

Manufacture of health and daily necessities

The United States of America
The United Kingdom
France
Germany
Japan
Other

Manufacture of food and beverages

The United States of America
The United Kingdom
France
イタリア
Netherlands
ベルギー

Manufacture of sporting goods

The United States of America
The United Kingdom
France
イタリア

Apparel manufacturing

The United States of America
The United Kingdom
France

Development and production of energy resources

Netherlands
The United States of America
メキシコ
Brazil
ベネズエラ
The United Kingdom
France
イタリア

Other manufacturing

The United States of America
デンマーク

trading company

The United States of America
Japan

retail

The United States of America
The United Kingdom
France
Germany
スペイン

Eating out

The United States of America
Japan
Other

Hotels and resorts

Construction and real estate

General contractorIs a form peculiar to Japan.For cement measureLafargeHolcim,Italcementi.

Japan
France
スペイン

Education

The United States of America
Japan

Passenger transport

The United States of America
カナダ
メキシコ
The United Kingdom
France
イタリア
Germany
Australia
New Zealand
スペイン
Netherlands
ロシア
フィンランド
スイス
Japan
South Korea
Chugoku
Hong Kong
Taiwan
Malaysia
Singapore
Thailand
フィリピン
Indonesia
United Arab Emirates
トルコ
Egypt
Other

Freight transportation

The United States of America
The United Kingdom
  • P & O(Penishra & Oriental Steamship) British flag
France
Germany

Telecommunications

The United States of America
The United Kingdom
France
Germany
スペイン
スウェーデン
ノルウェー
Japan
Chugoku

Newspapers, broadcasts, publications, information media

Source of statistics for companies in countries around the world

footnote

  1. ^ a b c Sadayuki Sato, "The Crisis of Multinational Corporations and Modern Capitalism," Economist, March 1976, 3, pp. 29-16
  2. ^ "Legal issues of multinational corporations". 2019/3/19Browse.
  3. ^ MZBrooke and HL Remmers, The Strategy of Multinational Enterprise, London, 1970, pp.1-2.
  4. ^ Mira Wilkins, The Emergence of Multinational Enterprise, Harvard University press, 1970.
  5. ^ Soichiro Saga, "Multinational Enterprises, Its Regulations and Nationalization," Aoki Shoten, 1981, p. 6
  6. ^ The contents of the charter can be found in the following literature.Hiroshi Fukuda, Code of Conduct for Multinational Corporations, Jiji Press, 1976, pp. 272-3
  7. ^ C. Levinson, "Industrial Domination, Insider of the Multinational Pharmaceutical Industry," Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Inc.

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