President of South Korea orders the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea to consider filing a decision to release treated water
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The Japanese government announced on the 13th that it will release the treated water from the multi-nuclide removal facility (ALPS) that continues to accumulate at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station into the ocean.
[Reuters, Seoul XNUMXth] – South Korean President Moon Jae-in is from Fukushima nuclear power by the Japanese government ... → Continue reading
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Japanese govermentOr simply政府Also calleddecreeAbove is usually "Country". The modern government in Japan1885(Meiji18 years)CabinetIs supposed to start.. PresentGovernance mechanismThe basic part ofThe Constitution of JapanDefined by
Scope of "government"
In British and American countries, “goverment” refers to the entire process of governing bodies, and when referring to institutions, it refers to the general name of administrative, legislative, and judicial institutions. It is common to describe the administration as "administration"..The United Kingdom,France,AmericaInPeopleRepresenting the will ofParliamentIt has been considered that the "government" includes the legislative body, the judiciary office, and the executive branch..
On the other hand, after modern timesemperor OfSovereigntyWas greatGermanyIn, the authority of the administration is strong, and the government under national law (Regierung) refers only to the administration... The same is true for countries affected by Germany,JapanIn this context, the term "government" refers to the administrative organization or public decision-making body as a unified body since the Meiji era..
Legislative officeAnd as the name implies,legislationIt is an organization that carries out. In modern nations, it is the institution that represents the peopleParliamentIs the legislature. In Japan国会Has the mission of the legislative body as the only legislative body.
Japanese国会 TheBicameral systemAnd every four yearselectionorDissolution general electionOf all 465 seatsHouse of RepresentativesAnd a total of 6 seats by the members with a six-year term and half elected every three years.House of CouncilorsComposed of. All men and women over the age of 18 have the right to voteGeneral electionWas implemented in all electionsVoting secretsIs guaranteed.
The Diet has the legislative power and functions to deliberate and pass or reject a bill. The House of RepresentativesTreaty,budget,Nomination of Prime MinisterWith respect to the, it has superior authority over the House of Councilors.
JapaneseHead of government ThePrime MinisterFrom among the members of the Diet at the DietnameAfter beingEmperorAppointed by. The Prime Minister must be a member of the Diet and must have the confidence of the House of Representatives in his appointment. Prime Minister is the executive branch of JapanCabinetAs the chief ofSecretary of StateHas the right to appoint and dismiss.Cabinet ActThe State Secretary of State is normally limited to 14 people (up to 3 if needed). In addition, there is a constraint that the majority of the Secretary of State must be composed of members of the Diet by the Constitution..
Cabinet stipulations in the Constitution of Japan have a British originParliamentary Cabinet SystemInstead of having the Prime Minister's right to nominate the Prime Minister and the right to vote for distrust of the Cabinet, the Cabinet has the right to decide to disband, and based on the advice and approval of the Cabinet, the Emperor Disband.
2000The successive prime ministers since (12) are shown below.
|Shinzo Abe||2012-2020(2nd year of Reiwa)|
|Yoshii Kan||2020 (2nd year of Reiwa)-Incumbent|
Central government agency
The judiciary裁判 所AndSupreme CourtandLower courtComposed of. Consists of multiple levels of courts with the Supreme Court at the top,Unconstitutional examination rightHave. in JapanAdministrative courtThere is no claim court.Judge systemWas introduced in 2009.Chief of the Supreme CourtIs appointed by the Emperor based on the appointment of the Cabinet.Supreme Court JudgeIs appointed by the Cabinet and certified by the Emperor.
- Shusuke Osawa"Introduction to the Constitution Third Edition"Seibundo, 2003.ISBN 978-4792303655.
- Sosuke Mita,Akira Kurihara,Yoshihisa Tanaka"Encyclopedia of Sociology"Hirobundo, 1988.
- "Encyclopedia Mypedia" (平凡 社)
- "Britannica International Encyclopedia''(TBS Britannica)
- The Constitution of Japan*500 Yen
- List of Japanese government terms
- Japanese politics
- Japanese administration
- Japanese civil servant
- Separation of three powers