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🌏 | President of South Korea orders the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea to consider filing a decision to release treated water


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President of South Korea orders the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea to consider filing a decision to release treated water

 
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The Japanese government announced on the 13th that it will release the treated water from the multi-nuclide removal facility (ALPS) that continues to accumulate at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station into the ocean.
 

[Reuters, Seoul XNUMXth] – South Korean President Moon Jae-in is from Fukushima nuclear power by the Japanese government ... → Continue reading

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Nuclide removal equipment

Japanese Government

Japanese Government(Japanese language, Japanese language,British: Government of Japan[1]) IsJapan Of政府.

Japanese govermentOr simply政府Also calleddecreeAbove is usually "Country". The modern government in Japan1885(Meiji18 years)CabinetIs supposed to start[2].. PresentGovernance mechanismThe basic part ofThe Constitution of JapanDefined by

In Japan, the "government"Executive branchOften refers only to, but in this sectionLegislative officeJudiciaryWill be explained together.

Scope of "government"

In a broad sense, the term “government” is a collective term for legislative, judicial, and executive governments.CabinetAnd it comes withCentral government agency(Bureaucracy) Only[3].

In British and American countries, “goverment” refers to the entire process of governing bodies, and when referring to institutions, it refers to the general name of administrative, legislative, and judicial institutions. It is common to describe the administration as "administration".[4].The United Kingdom,France,AmericaInPeopleRepresenting the will ofParliamentIt has been considered that the "government" includes the legislative body, the judiciary office, and the executive branch.[3].

On the other hand, after modern timesemperor OfSovereigntyWas greatGermanyIn, the authority of the administration is strong, and the government under national law (Regierung) refers only to the administration.[3][4].. The same is true for countries affected by Germany,JapanIn this context, the term "government" refers to the administrative organization or public decision-making body as a unified body since the Meiji era.[4].

Legislative office

Legislative officeAnd as the name implies,legislationIt is an organization that carries out. In modern nations, it is the institution that represents the peopleParliamentIs the legislature. In Japan国会Has the mission of the legislative body as the only legislative body.

Japanese国会 TheBicameral systemAnd every four yearselectionorDissolution general electionOf all 465 seatsHouse of RepresentativesAnd a total of 6 seats by the members with a six-year term and half elected every three years.House of CouncilorsComposed of. All men and women over the age of 18 have the right to voteGeneral electionWas implemented in all electionsVoting secretsIs guaranteed.

The Diet has the legislative power and functions to deliberate and pass or reject a bill. The House of RepresentativesTreaty,budget,Nomination of Prime MinisterWith respect to the, it has superior authority over the House of Councilors.

Executive branch

JapaneseHead of government ThePrime MinisterFrom among the members of the Diet at the DietnameAfter beingEmperorAppointed by. The Prime Minister must be a member of the Diet and must have the confidence of the House of Representatives in his appointment. Prime Minister is the executive branch of JapanCabinetAs the chief ofSecretary of StateHas the right to appoint and dismiss.Cabinet ActThe State Secretary of State is normally limited to 14 people (up to 3 if needed). In addition, there is a constraint that the majority of the Secretary of State must be composed of members of the Diet by the Constitution.[5].

Cabinet stipulations in the Constitution of Japan have a British originParliamentary Cabinet SystemInstead of having the Prime Minister's right to nominate the Prime Minister and the right to vote for distrust of the Cabinet, the Cabinet has the right to decide to disband, and based on the advice and approval of the Cabinet, the Emperor Disband[6].

Prime Minister

2000The successive prime ministers since (12) are shown below.

NameTerm
Mori2000-2001(13)
Junichiro Koizumi2001-2006(18)
Shinzo Abe2006-2007(19)
Fukuda Yasuo2007-2008(20)
Taro Aso2008-2009(21)
Yukio Hatoyama2009-2010(22)
Naoto Kan2010-2011(23)
Yoshihiko Noda2011-2012(24)
Shinzo Abe2012-2020(2nd year of Reiwa)
Yoshii Kan2020 (2nd year of Reiwa)-Incumbent

Central government agency

Cabinet Office(Financial Services Agency,Consumer Affairs Agency,Imperial Household Agency,National Police Agency-National Public Safety Commission,Fair Trade Commission
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications | Ministry of Justice | Ministry of Foreign Affairs | Ministry of Finance | Ministry of education | Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare | Ministry of Agriculture | Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry | Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism | Ministry of the Environment | Ministry of Defense

Judiciary

The judiciary裁判 所AndSupreme CourtandLower courtComposed of. Consists of multiple levels of courts with the Supreme Court at the top,Unconstitutional examination rightHave. in JapanAdministrative courtThere is no claim court.Judge systemWas introduced in 2009.Chief of the Supreme CourtIs appointed by the Emperor based on the appointment of the Cabinet.Supreme Court JudgeIs appointed by the Cabinet and certified by the Emperor.

Local government

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ Japanese Government Official Website (JAPANGOV)
  2. ^ "Encyclopedia Mypedia" (Heibonsha) "Government"
  3. ^ a b c "The Encyclopedia of Britannica", "Government"
  4. ^ a b c Munesuke Mita, Akira Kurihara & Yoshihisa Tanaka 1988, p. 540.
  5. ^ Osawa (2003) p.297
  6. ^ Osawa (2003) p.292-294

References

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