US-China to talk soon "First stage" trade agreement implementation round = USTR representative
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Deputy Prime Minister Liu He, who led the Chinese negotiating team in the "first stage" trade agreement, and other high-ranking government officials have not been in contact with each other, but will meet officially soon to "implement China." We look forward to examining the situation and claims, while emphasizing the interests of the United States and supporting the path ahead. "
[Washington, XNUMXth Reuters] -Thailand representative of the US Trade Representative (USTR) said on the XNUMXth with Chinese officials "in the near future ... → Continue reading
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Deputy Secretary-General, Cabinet Secretariat
Deputy Secretary-General, Cabinet Secretariat(I don't think about it,British: Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary) IsChief Cabinet SecretaryTo assistSpecial occupation Ofgovernment official.. Since July 1998, the capacity is 7 (Cabinet ActRegulations).
The Deputy Secretary-General of the Cabinet Secretariat assists the Cabinet Secretary's duties and receives a lifeCabinet SecretariatOf the office of the Cabinet Secretary, and if the Cabinet Secretary-General preliminarily determines that the Cabinet Secretary-General is absent, the duties of the Cabinet Secretary shall be performed (Cabinet ActArticle 14, paragraph 3). As a treatmentDeputy MinisterEquivalent (before the reorganization of the central government agencyUnder Secretary of State待遇）であるが、Cabinet後の記念撮影に閣僚と同席するなど、他の副大臣とは扱いが異なる。Prewar OfCabinet SecretaryIt is also positioned as a substantial successor to.
Deputy Secretary of State is Prime MinisterFactionの出身者など首相に近い中堅・若手の政治家が任命されることが多い。一方では重要性から閣僚経験者などのベテランが就任する例も見られる。前者の場合は、当職経験後に重要な役職を歴任することも多く、若手政治家の登竜門ポスト(The Deputy Secretary-General, who later became Prime Minister, is as of 2021.Noboru Takeshita,Toshiki Kaifu,Mori,Shinzo Abe,Yukio Hatoyama5 people).An example of the latter is 2011Great East Japan EarthquakeAt the time of occurrenceMinister of Finance-Minister of FinanceIs a veteran politicianHirohisa Fujii, Has experience as Chief Cabinet SecretaryYuto Senyaが就任するなど、官邸機能強化の観点から異例の起用が相次いだ。他の副大臣、政務次官職に閣僚経験者が就くことは降格イメージにつながりかねないこともあって例が少ないが、特に1980年代以降の官房副長官は完全にその例外となっており、上記の藤井、仙谷以外にも、Jun Matsumoto,Hiroyuki Hosoda,Suzuki Muneo,Kaoru Yosano,Takao Fujimoto,Ichiro Ozawa,Takao Fujinamiらが閣僚経験後に就任している。
The Deputy Secretary in charge isReorganization of central ministriesFormerly oldMinistry of InteriorOut of government officesNational Police Agency, OldMinistry of Home Affairs, OldMinistry of Health and WelfareIt is customary to be appointed by those who have been in the post-secretary post who came from the United States, and have generally been followed even after the reorganization of ministries... On the other handFirst Abe CabinetThen.Junzo Matoba(OldMinistry of FinanceI'm fromUnder Secretary of LandExperienced person)Noda CabinetThen.Taketoshi Makoto(OldMinistry of ConstructionI'm fromUnder Secretary of Land, Infrastructure and TransportIn recent years, the appointment has been made without regard to customs, such as the appointment of an experienced person).First Abe Cabinet OfKazuhiro SugitaIn the case of, after serving as the director of the National Police Agency, the vice minister levelCabinet Intelligence Officer, Special jobCabinet Crisis ManagementIt was inauguration after.
Under Secretary MeetingThe main task is coordinating between ministries, such as managing the (current/secretary liaison conference), and is regarded as the top of the bureaucracy. There are many cases where the term of office exceeds the cabinet for a long time, for example,Nobuo IshiharaServed seven prime ministers in the LDP, non-LDP coalition, and in-house administrations.
Cabinet HR DirectorIs appointed by a person appointed from the Deputy Secretary-General of the Cabinet Secretariat (Article 21 of the Cabinet Act).
Deputy Secretary of the Cabinet SecretariatCertifierHowever, the qualification requirements for appointment and the division of duties between deputy secretaries are not clearly defined by law such as the Cabinet Law, and as a political affairs officer,Member of the House of RepresentativesとMember of the House of CouncilorsTwo people, one from each,Under SecretaryExperienced personCareerOfficialsIt is customary that one person from each is appointed.
- 1945(Showa 20) July 9- Cabinet SecretaryunderDeputy Secretary-General of the Cabinet(Constant 1 person) is newly established.
- 1947(Showa 22) May 5-With the enforcement of the Constitution of Japan, the Deputy Secretary-General of the Cabinet is abolished.Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary(A fixed number of people) will be installed. Instead of the Cabinet Law, "Cabinet Secretariat and Legal Affairs Bureau staff installation system (Showa 1Cabinet OrderNo. 2)”, the so-called “Government-appointed employment”.
- 1947(Showa 22) June 6-Due to the revision of the installation system such as the Cabinet Secretariat and Legal Affairs Bureau staff, the number will be increased to two people.
- 1949(24)May 6 -With the abolition of the Cabinet Secretariat staff installation systemCabinet ActPartial amendment of theDeputy Secretary-General, Cabinet SecretariatIs installed. The capacity follows the precedent.
- 1984(Showa 59) July 7- General Affairs AgencyIn addition to the Cabinet Secretariat,Prime Minister's OfficeHe is also in charge of assisting with the general arrangement of the government (excluding ministries and agencies).
- 1998(10) July 7-Due to a partial revision of the Cabinet Act, the fixed number of people (two in charge of affairs, one in charge of clerical work) to three (increasing one in charge of affairs) is increased. The third person was appointed on 1st.
- 2001(13) January 1-Due to a partial revision of the Cabinet Act, the so-calledCertifierAnd the appointment and dismissalEmperorCertified by Following the reorganization of central ministriesCabinet OfficeResponsible for assisting general organization (excluding ministries and agencies).
List of Deputy Secretary of the Cabinet Secretariat
- Unlike the Cabinet Secretary, who is the Secretary of State, the Deputy Secretary-General of the Cabinet does not apply the provisions of Article 71 of the Constitution of Japan and is a governmental office that does not automatically lose the job at the same time as the appointment of the new Prime Minister, At the new Prime Minister's Cabinet, he asked himself to resign and vacated his seat for succession. For this reason, there are cases in which the new Vice-Minister is appointed without a request for resignation (formally vacant seats), and cases in which he/she immediately resigns without appointed the new Deputy Secretary (vacant seats). In the latter case, The deputy secretary office will be completely vacant for several hours to several days until the appointment of a successor (although the deputy secretary and deputy secretary act as a de facto representative, there is no official "deputy secretary-general representative"). ..
- The following is an example in which the deputy secretary's change did not occur at the same time, resulting in a vacant seat.
- Resignation of the predecessor and appointment of the successor resulted in vacant seats on the same day
- Haneda Cabinet: Two Deputy Secretaries of Kitamura and Ishikawa
- The appointment of the successor was delayed until the day after the resignation of the predecessor, resulting in vacancy
- Obuchi Cabinet: Three deputy secretaries of Suzuki, Uesugi, and Furukawa were appointed on July 3, 10, the day after their predecessors resigned. )
- Resignation of the predecessor and appointment of the successor resulted in vacant seats on the same day
News reportOften seen inGovernment sources"" means "someone of the Deputy Secretary-General of the Cabinet Secretariat". The Deputy SecretaryOff-the-recordIt is used when you say in. In the pressChief Cabinet SecretaryIt is customary for the Deputy Secretary-General of the Cabinet Secretary to be replaced with a “high-ranking government official”, while “is a “government leader”.
- ^ "List of English names such as Cabinet Secretariat organization". Cabinet Secretariat. 2020th of February 10Browse.
- ^ Yomiuri Shimbun June 2011, 1
- ^ 閣僚経験者が副大臣・政務次官職に就いた例として以下がある。
- ^ Influential government agencies such as the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry are excluded in order to balance Kasumigaseki, and among the former Ministry of Interior government agencies, only the Ministry of Construction has been excluded.Public worksDirectly withGeneral contractorIt is said that this is because there are many opportunities to negotiate with and have a constitution that makes it easy to get involved in interests.Nobuo Ishihara"Decision of the Prime Minister's Office" (Chuko Bunko), etc.
- ^ Fumihiko Takayama "The Powers of Kasumigaseki" Kodansha p319
Liu He(Ryu Kaku, Riu Ho,Simplified characters: Liu He,pinyin: ,1952May 1 -) isPeople's Republic of China Ofeconomist,政治家.Chinese Communist PartyIssue 19Central Political BureauCommittee,director,Deputy Prime Minister.
1983 years,Renmin University of ChinaGraduated from Graduate School of Industrial Economics. In 1995The United States of AmericaStudy abroad inHarvard UniversityKennedy SchoolでMaster of Public Administration Get (MPA).
From 2011 to 2013, he was the Deputy Director of the Development Research Center of the State Council of China.
From 2013National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of ChinaDeputy Chief, Chinese Communist Party Chief..Xi JinpingParty secretaryResponsible for coordinating the macro policy of the financial economy as an economic policy brain of. In 2017Chinese Communist PartyIssue 19Central Political BureauElected to the committee.
March 2018, 3, secondLee Keqiang Cabinet OfDeputy Prime MinisterAppointed to.. Telephone talks with Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin on the 24thSuper 301 ArticleIntention to retaliate against tariffs on Chinese products..Visited China on May 5, the same yearStephen ManutinTreasury Secretary,Robert LightheiserTrade representative,Wilbur RossSecretary of Commerce,Larry KudlowChairman of the National Economic Council,Peter NavarroTrade and Manufacturing Policy BureauConducted US-China trade talks with the US delegation including the director.. Visited the United States on the 15th for US-China trade talks,Donald TrumpTalk with the presidentChina issued a joint US-China statement to buy large quantities of US products and services to reduce its trade surplus with the US, stating that "the two sides agreed to avoid a trade war that imposes tariffs on each other."..However, when the US-China trade talks were held with Secretary of Commerce Ross, who visited China in June, he demanded that tariffs be withdrawn under the conditions of import expansion measures.After that, repeat the retaliation battle for additional tariffsUS-China trade warBecame a ministerial key person.Liu in ChinaWestern EuropeStrong lineBy not compromising at allArrow warCausedclear OfYe MingchenThere was also criticism that he was called "Rokufu Governor"..
Visited China on August 2018, 8Japan OfTaro AsoTalks with Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister and US tariffs on ChinaUS-Japan trade frictionDiscussing the US-China trade warProtectionismOpposition toswapAgreements and other financial cooperation between Japan and China agreed.
Meetings with President Trump, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, Secretary of Commerce Ross and others in the United States in January 2019, President Trump, who met again in February of the same year, announced that he would suspend the tariff increase., In ChinaSino-Japanese warQing dynasty negotiated peace with JapanLee HongLiu is making too many concessions to the United StatesKong QingdongCriticized by..Liu drastically revised all seven chapters of the draft agreement document, which was 5% completed in the US-China trade talks, when he visited the United States on May 9, the same year, and sent it unilaterally.In response to this, he said, "I will definitely retaliate against the US tariff increase that was triggered on the 10th. China will never give up on issues related to principles."..At the US-China trade talks in the United States in October of the same year, he met with President Trump, who announced that he would not raise tariffs after reaching partial agreements such as purchasing US agricultural products and opening the market for financial services..
- ^ "WikiLeaks Liu He ─ China's New Economy Planned Top Designer "”. Haden medium. 2018th of February 3Browse.
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- ^ "刘鹤 Comrade 简 历”. Xinhuanet. 2018th of February 3Browse.
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- ^ "Deputy Prime Minister of the State Council, Commissioned by the State Council, General Manager of each department”. Xinhua (March 2018, 3). 2018th of February 3Browse.
- ^ "Deputy Prime Minister showing retaliation policy to China and US sanctions for "infringement of intellectual property" in telephone talks". Asahi Shimbun (September 2018, 3). 2018th of February 5Browse.
- ^ “Trump's top economic advisers are embarking on a trip that could make or break the US-China trade fight”. Business insider(July 2018, 5) 2018th of February 5Browse.
- ^ “China's Deputy Prime Minister arrives in the United States for the second time in trade talks”. Fuji Sankei Business i(July 2018, 5) 2018th of February 5Browse.
- ^ "China's Deputy Prime Minister Liu He meets with US President Donald Trump = CCTV". AFPBB(July 2018, 5) 2018th of February 5Browse.
- ^ "China's Purchase from US Expands" Significantly" and Trade War Averted. Bloomberg(July 2018, 5) 2018th of February 5Browse.
- ^ “China declares on conditions for expanding imports and withdrawing additional tariffs on rice”. Nihon Keizai Shimbun(July 2018, 6) 2018th of February 6Browse.
- ^ "China's Deputy Prime Minister of the US-China Trade War resembles the" inaction "bureaucracy of the Second Opium War.". Sankei Shimbun(July 2018, 8) 2018th of February 8Browse.
- ^ “Meeting with Finance Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of China”. Nihon Keizai Shimbun(July 2018, 8) 2018th of February 8Browse.
- ^ “U.S. President to Talk with Chinese President Aiming for Trade Agreement Progress Evaluation of Talks”. Reuters(July 2019, 2) 2019th of February 2Browse.
- ^ “Mr. Trump says“ big progress ”in talks to postpone tariff increases on Chinese products”. with the BBC(July 2019, 2) 2019th of February 3Browse.
- ^ "The dark fight shown by" Mr. Liu He is not as good as Li Hongzhang of the Sino-Japanese War "". Nihon Keizai Shimbun(July 2019, 2) 2019th of February 3Browse.
- ^ "Difference in the appearance of Ichihari Terukata ... Criticism of Chinese scholars: Liu He, Li Hongzhang". Free time(July 2019, 2) 2019th of February 4Browse.
- ^ “Abandoned 3% of the shocking agreement with the United States Page 105 sent by“ Xi Liu ””. Nihon Keizai Shimbun(July 2019, 5) 2019th of February 5Browse.
- ^ "US-China trade negotiations, China makes major revisions to draft agreement = sources concerned". Reuters(July 2019, 5) 2019th of February 5Browse.
- ^ “U.S. trade representatives blame China for confirming tariff increase policy”. CNN(July 2019, 5) 2019th of February 5Browse.
- ^ "China's Deputy Prime Minister" Do not give up in principle "in US-China talks". Nihon Keizai Shimbun(July 2019, 5) 2019th of February 5Browse.
- ^ "The US-China trade talks have not reached a" first stage "agreement, a comprehensive agreement.". CNN(July 2019, 10) 2019th of February 10Browse.
- ^ "US-China Signs First-Phase Trade Agreement-China Purchases JPY 22 Trillion in Two Years". Bloomberg(July 2020, 1) 2020th of February 1Browse.
- ^ “Economic and Trade Agreement Between the Government of the United States and the Government of the People's Republic of China”. United States Trade Representative(July 2020, 1) 2020th of February 1Browse.