U.S.'s largest oil pipeline shut down, supplied to the east coast by cyber attack
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A White House spokeswoman said he is helping the company recover as soon as possible and is working to ensure that supply is not disrupted.
[New York XNUMXth Reuters] – US pipeline's largest colonial pipeline attacks cyber ... → Continue reading
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White House(British: W) Is used in the following two senses:
- President of the United StatesLive and workofficial residence-Official residence.. In turn, ((official residenceAs well as staff members who work there.Power of administrationRefers to.
- United States Presidential GovernmentIs a part of the stationWhite House Office(Depending on the material, "White House SecretariatAlso in Japanese).
Of the former, there are four main buildings.Executive Residence,Waist wing(West Building),East Wing(East Building),Eisenhower Government Building, And four gardensRose garden,Jacqueline Kennedy Garden,North Lawn,South LawnAnd point toWhite House Complex".
- Executive Residence
- Also known as the "Main House", where the president and his family live.Official residenceIn addition to meetings with key figures such as foreign leaders and members of parliament, signing ceremonies of important treaties and important bills, appointment appointments for senior officials, important press conferences, interviews with visitors, dinners and receptions, and more. It is also the place for public events. From the residence, a corridor called "Colonnade" extends east to west and connects to the West Wing and East Wing respectively. The Coronado itself is also a large connected building with an office inside.
- Waist wing
- "Oval officeIn addition to the presidential office called "," the Cabinet Office, the National Security Council,Vice President,Chief of Staff, Presidential Assistant, Press Secretary,Legal adviser, senior adviserThe center of the US government, which houses offices for senior staff such as. Expand underground to the worldU.S. ForcesAnd the highest level of information collaboration with related organizationsSituation roomThere is.
- East Wing
- First lady,The staff's office[Annotation 1],as well asWhite House Social Services OfficerThe office of Also, the underground is called a bunkerNuclear shelterWith featuresPresidential Crisis Management CenterIt has become.2001 Of9.11 terrorismReceived a report that a hijacking machine was approaching the capitalCheneyVice President,riceNational Security OfficerAnd other White House staff immediately evacuated here.
- Rose garden,Jacqueline Kennedy Garden,North Lawn,South Lawn
- Events may be held on sunny days.The area surrounded by the residence and the West Wing is called the "Rose Garden", and the area surrounded by the Residence and the East Wing is called the "Jacqueline Kennedy Garden". Press conferences and speeches are often held.Rose Garden1962Was a gardener and philanthropist, but in July 2020, the plant was replaced and the pavement of the sidewalk was replaced...Further south of South Lawn, literally called "The Ellipse"ellipseThere is a vast garden in shape. The White House, which tourists can see from the Constitution Street over the fence, is a view through this “The Ellipse”.
- Eisenhower Government Building
- Also known as the "Old Executive Office Building," it is located on the west side across the path from the West Wing.Vice President OfficeOther here[Annotation 2],National Security CouncilSecretariat,Office of Management and BudgetThe office staff are busy with things like entering.
The White House and the adjacent Lafayette Park, The Ellipse, andWhite House Visitor OfficeIs for conveniencePresidential park(Daito Ryoko Koen)National parkThe land and buildings are designated asNational Park ServiceIs managed by.
Construction and design
Construction of the White House, which is the presidential office, was started by the first presidentGeorge WashingtonWhen,1792May 10The foundation stone was placed on the ground and construction started, but the official foundation stone ceremony was not held..
In 1790Washington DC(Colombia Special Zone) was decided and the division was decided.PhiladelphiaWashington began designing Cheong Wa Dae as the construction of a new capital to replacecompetitionRecruited from 9 final candidatesアイルランドI'm an architect fromJames HobanWas adopted. Hoban is the currentIrish National AssemblyContainsDublin OfLeinster HouseModeled on.. The basic part was at that timeBlack slave, Stonework mainlyEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euA person was in charge of the construction.It was completed in November 8, eight years after the start of construction, but the first president, Washington, had not only resigned from his presidency but died the previous year, and never saw it completed.Therefore, it was the second president who first moved into this presidential palace.John AdamsIt became.Since then, Cheong Wa Dae has been located here, and even now, more than 200 years later, it is still the center of American politics along with the capital Washington.
The building is an Italian architect of the 16th centuryAndrea Palladio OfPalladian styleIs adopted in ItalyVicenzaVilla (mansion) in the suburbs "La RotondaIt is very similar to "(registered as a World Heritage Site in 1994).Palladio himselfVillaNot (mansion)PalazzoIt is classified as (palace).
Burned down by war
In August 1814, the presidential palace1812 war OfBattle of BradensburgDefeated inBritish ArmybyBurning offHowever, everything was returned to the ashes, leaving the outer wall of the masonry. 4th PresidentJames MadisonHas appointed designer James Hoban as director to rebuild the official residence, which is almost the same as before it was burned down, using the unburned outer wall.1817It was completed in.At that time, the burnt outer wall was painted white, so the official residence became known as the "White House" as it is today.[Annotation 3]..Some of the burnt walls are still preserved and can be seen on the Truman balcony.
About 200 years after the burning, 2018, the United States against CanadaNational securityThe two leaders held a telephone talk after announcing tariff measures on the grounds of the conflict.Justin TrudeauWhereas the prime minister argued that national security cannot be the reason,Donald TrumpThe president argues that Canada (actually British troops) has burned down the White House in the past.
To the present shape
The 1902th President in 26Theodore Roosevelt Waist wingWas expanded and the office of the staff, which had been on the second floor until then, was moved here.The vacant 2nd floor was completely renovated into a living space, and the 2st floor was also slightly renovated.During this period, the White House officially became the "Washington White House" (White House – Washington).
In 1942Second World WarThe 32nd President duringFranklin RooseveltIn the basementAir defense shelterWas added to the East Wing. This air defense shelter is currentlyPresidential Crisis Management CenterAnd in 20019.11 terrorist eventAt that time, the ministers have been evacuated.
1948rd generation in 33President TrumanTried to install a balcony outside the "Yellow Oval Room" on the second floor of the residence. However, the strength inspection conducted at this time revealed that the structural strength had deteriorated due to aging, and it was decided that a complete dismantling and repair work would be carried out. The construction work was a major one in which only the outer wall of the masonry was left and the interior was recreated, including the foundation, and it was a big project that took 5 years. Therefore, the accommodation for guests of the president (Guesthouse) is located north of Pennsylvania Avenue.Blair House (Blair House) will temporarily function as the presidential office. 5 years have passed since then1952The construction was completed successfully, and the "Truman Balcony" was newly established. As a result, the present appearance that many people see is completed.
Executive Residence Facilities
- Floor area: about 5 ft2 (5100 m2)
- number of rooms:134 room
- Washrooms: 35 places
- Number of floors: 3 above ground and 3 below
- Doors: 412 sheets
- Windows: 147
- Fireplace: 28 places
- Stairs: 8 places
- Elevator: 3 units
- Chef: 5 people
Ground floor(Ground Floor[Annotation 4]）
- Center Hall,Basement 1）
- Central hall. The hall is about 5m wide and 49m long and runs through the center of the residence basement from east to west. The ceiling isArchedIt has become. The east end of the hall leads to the East Wing visitor lobby, and the west end to the Palm Room, which forms part of the West Wing colonnades.
- Diplomatic Reception Room,Basement 2）
- Diplomat reception room.At the entrance from the south garden, it is used as an arrival port for ambassadors of each country to attend the credential presentation ceremony.President Franklin Roosevelt said in front of the fireplace in this room, "Fireside chat (Fireside chats) ”Was held on a regular radio discourse.
- Map Room,Basement 3）
- 28th PresidentWilsonAnd the 30th presidentCoolidgeAt that time,ビ リ ヤ ー ドIt was an entertainment room with a stand,Second World WarInside, President Franklin Roosevelt used it as a war situation reporting room,FrontIt was called a map room because it posted a map to display the situation. Currently used for personal meetings of the president and first lady.
- China Room,Basement 4）
- China here is not China,磁器The tableware of the White House, which stores high-quality porcelain tableware used for dinner with foreign heads of residence. Wilson'sMrs. EdithOf the successive presidents磁器Tablewareコ レ ク シ ョ ンSince it was exhibited, it has come to be called the China Room. This room, which is characterized by red tones throughout, displays porcelain from the times of successive presidents in chronological order.
- Vermeil Room,Basement 5）
- 1956Left by Mrs. Margaret Thompson Biddle (FriPlating officialSilverIt was so called because it exhibited its collection. It is also called "The Gold Room" because of its yellowish decoration.Eleanor Roosevelt,Jacqueline Kennedy,Ladybird Johnson,Patricia Nixon,Nancy ReaganEach ofFirst ladyThe portrait of is displayed. It is currently used as a waiting room for women at ceremonies.
- Kitchen,Basement 6）
- kitchen.In addition to presidential and family meals, the White House officialDinner partyAlso cooks the dishes ofCook5 people (of whichPastry chef1) and about 20 part-time staff are working. From light meal to full coursedinnerMake up, dinner for 140 people,Hors d'oeuvreThen we can provide more than 1000 people.
- White House Curator's Office,Basement 7）
- White House curator room.Mrs. 35th PresidentJacqueline KennedyBut,1961White HouseHistory museumIt was installed because it appealed to. The White House curator manages and restores more than 1 historically valuable furnishings and works of art in the White House.
- Library,Basement 8）
- Study. Originally used as a laundry room, this room was renovated by President Theodore Roosevelt.pokerIt was converted into a room and then into a study during President Franklin Roosevelt.1973January,Major countries summitThe first meeting of the four "library group" countries (United States, United Kingdom, West Germany, France) was held here.4th PresidentCarterMade a weekly radio chat from this room, following Franklin Roosevelt's “Fireside Chat”.
- Clinic,Basement 9）
- Medical office. For the president and his family and the White House staffClinicIt consists of an examination room and an examination room equipped with medical equipment.
- Doctor's Office,Basement 10）
- Full-time doctor office.
State floor(State Floor[Annotation 4]）
- Cross Hall (Cross Hall,First floor 1）
- Crossing hall. The shape is a corridor.
- Blue Room,First floor 2）
- Red Room,First floor 3）
- Green Room,First floor 4）
- Designed as a dining room adjacent to the East Room, it is called the Green Room because the walls are green. 3rd generationPresident JeffersonWas used as a dining room, but since then it has been used for multiple purposes. President Madison made this the office, and the cabinet also held here. 5th generationPresident MonroeUsed as a card room to enjoy playing cards. It was at Theodore Roosevelt that the purpose and decoration of the green room became established in the present.
- East Room,First floor 5）
- It has been used as an "official audience room" since the White House was founded, and it is still one of the most important press conferences of the president.[Annotation 5]Large-scale events such as conventions, signing ceremonies of important bills, dinners and receptions will be held in this East Room. 16th assassinatedLincoln PresidentAnd the body of President KennedyCongressBefore being officially enshrined in, it was temporarily placed in this room. It is also famous as a room with a full-length portrait of George Washington.
- State Dining Room,First floor 6）
- "Great dining room".State guestThe official when welcomingDinner partyIs done here.
- Family Dining Room (Family Dining Room, during dinner party,First floor 7）
- The name family is given in contrast to the State, and is actually used for small official and informal dinners other than the large official dinner for state guests. It The family dining, which is used daily by the president's family, is on the second floor.
- Entrance Hall,First floor 8）
- Front entrance hall.
- South Portico,First floor 9）
- South porch.
Second floor(Second Floor)
- Central Hall (Central Hall,Upstairs 1）
- Central hall. The shape is a corridor.
- Yellow Oval Room,Upstairs 2）
- Reception room. From the name of "Oval", it may be thought that it is the president's office, but it is not the office. The original "oval room" isWaist wingIn other words, the official residence. Both are confused by their "oval" (elliptical) shape.
- Living Room,Upstairs 3）
- Living room.
- Treaty Room,Upstairs 4）
- During the signing of the treaty. Mainly used as a study.
- Lincoln Bedroom,Upstairs 5）
- Lincoln Sitting Room,Upstairs 6）
- Bedroom and living room.
- Master Bedroom (Maser Bedroom,Upstairs 7）
- Master bedroom.
- Master Dressing Room,Upstairs 8）
- Main changing room.
- West Sitting Hall,Upstairs 9）
- "Western living room". A hall that also serves as a bedroom and living room.
- East Sitting Hall,Upstairs 10）
- "Eastern living room". A hall that also serves as a bedroom and living room.
- Queen's Bedroom,Upstairs 11）
- Queen's Sitting Room,Upstairs 12）
- Bedroom and living room.
- East Bedroom,Upstairs 13）
- East bedroom.
- West Bedrom,Upstairs 14）
- West bedroom.
- Private Dining Room (Private Dining Room,Upstairs 15）
- A dining room for the presidential family.
- Family Kitchen,Upstairs 16）
- Presidential familykitchen.
- Beauty Salon,Upstairs 17）
- Hairdressers and barbers.
- Truman Balcony,Upstairs 18）
- #historyNewly built area in 1952, as in. The name is named after Truman who installed it.
Third floor(Third Floor)
- Central Hall
- Central hall.
- Music Room
- music room.
- Game Room
- Entertainment room.
- Workout Room
- Training gym.
- Sun Room
- Tennis court
- Bowling alley
- Movie theater
- Jogging route
The average number of visitors per day, including staff, staff, and tourists, is 5000.[Source required].
- National flagIt is an international regulation that the time to display is from sunrise to sunset.Stars and stripesMany Americans who have a strong attachment to the national flag believe that the national flag practice in the White House is widely recognized and that leaving the national flag raised at night is not a good practice.Richard NixonOfficially announced in the United States Presidential Notification No. 1970 issued on September 9, 4, "Unless there are unavoidable conditions such as bad weather in the White House, the United States flag will always be displayed."When the night hoisting actually started, a person who did not know the notification of No. 4000 sometimes called, "Does the White House know how to raise the national flag?"
- Previously, its internal tour was famous and it was a must-see tourist attraction.At the adjacent "Visit Center", basically anyone can tour the premises and whenever circumstances permit, by performing simple administrative procedures.PresidentAides andFirst ladyAnd if you're lucky, you may have the opportunity to meet the president.Currently a group of 10 or more and must agree to a background check via a federal parliamentarian with a reservation up to 6 months in advance.
- Prewar OfDainichi this empireThen "ShirokaikanIt is written as "(Hakuakan, read as "Hakuakan" or "White House").
- It is easy to think that the outer wall is pure white, but actually it is a yellowish white called "cream white". If it is pure white, the color fades due to the action of sunlight and the color changes, but in the case of the cream-white outer wall, there is no concern that the color will change. Also, with a light-sensitive camera, when taking a color image of a pure white painted surface in fine weather, the phenomenon of sky color entering the lens and causing a blue discoloration is induced, but in the case of cream white, it is effective in preventing it.
- Smoking is prohibited on the premises.Bill ClintonadministrationWas the first lady at the timeHillary ClintonIntroduced by.
- There is a vegetable garden on the premises. 2009,Barack ObamaMrs. U.S. PresidentMichelle ObamaBy the suggestion oforganicA vegetable garden was established to grow vegetables. Before that,Eleanor RooseveltThere is an example of running a farm called "Victory Farm" by the President of the United States.
- "White House Honey AleIs calledbeerThere is a brewery. There are two types of beer produced: "light" and "dark."honeyIt is a flavor.. In September 2012, at the request of disclosure of information by beer lovers, the recipe for beer produced at White House Honey Ale was released..
- All private expenses for the first family are at their own expense. Not only each eating and drinking fee and dry cleaning fee, but also the eating and drinking fee of the party for the inauguration ceremony and the holiday season, the decoration fee of the party, the personnel cost of the staff working at the party,John F. KennedyOr later,George HW BushAlmost all first family concerns except food and beverage costs were spared.
- Glover clevelandThe president is the only active president to have a wedding at the White House.
- The interiors of the facilities and equipment used by the president (such as the White House, presidential planes, and villas) are made up of common wood, furniture, and designs, and the atmosphere and sound are similar everywhere.
- In the White House itselfsecret Service-US Congress Police-Washington DC Capital Police OfSWATDue to strictsecurityIs laid. On the roof of the residence,Sniper rifleとbinocularsIf a special person carrying a mobile phone is guarding the area around the White House 24 hours a day, and there is an intruder who can be judged to pose a serious threat to the president / Cheong Wa Dae by law, he / she should be present.SniperYou have been granted the authority that is possible.However, since it is so noisy, they are usually hidden in the shadows that cannot be seen from the ground, and care is taken not to cause unnecessary worries to the surrounding tourists as much as possible.If you see a figure moving on the roof of a residence, you can think of it as a change or movement of personnel.Furthermore, as a security against attacks from the skyStinger missileIs said to be equipped.All details regarding the specifications have not been released.
- The White House has been shot several times in the past2011May 11A rifle bullet was fired from the inside of a car parked nearby to the residence wing of the president's family, and an actual hit occurred. In order to deal with such shooting, in 2017 with an acoustic sensor that detects the firing soundtrigonometryAn introduction test of a new security system using.
- ^ However,Hillary ClintonThe first lady had an exceptional office in West Wing.
- ^ However, Vice President Cheney had an exceptional office in West Wing.
- ^ However, there is an objection to this, and the first appearance of the existing "White House" is said to be in 1811.
- ^ a b Normally in English, the ground floor means "ground floor" or "first floor", but in the White House it is called underground.
- ^ Regular press conferences often use West Wing's regular press conference room.
- ^ "Rose Garden renovation work completed, Mrs. Melania unveiled”. CNN (July 2020, 8). 2020th of February 8Browse.
- ^ Ecker, Grace Dunlop (1951) . “Chapter V: Washington and L'Enfant in George Town”. In Grace GD Peter. A Portrait of Old George Town (Revised and Enlarged, 2nd ed.). Richmond, Virginia: The Dietz Press, Inc .. p. 63 2020th of February 7Browse.
- ^ "The White House". www.nps.gov. 2020th of February 8Browse.
- ^ "Mr. Trump also talks about “burnout” with the Prime Minister over tariffs”. CNN (July 2018, 6). 2018th of February 8Browse.
- ^ Tours & Events Archived August 2001, 9, at the Wayback Machine. White House
- ^ "US Presidential Lady, White House Home Gardens" (Reuters, March 2009, 3)
- ^ "White House Brewery Turns Out as Presidential Gift" (August 2012, 8, Reuters)
- ^ "Received a request to publish recipes for beer made in the White House in the United States" (CNN, September 2012, 9)
- ^ "The White House Seen by Servants" by Kate Andersen Brauer,Kobunsha Publishing Co., Ltd., 2016, p106-112
- ^ (日本語) Inside the White House: Crisis Management Office 2021th of February 5Browse.
- ^ "Testing live fire and new security systems around the White House" CNN (December 2017, 8) Read December 27, 2017
- List of successive presidents of the United States
- Camp David
- Air force one
- Marine One
- Blair House
- United States Secret Service
- White House Trainee
- Situation room
- Presidential Crisis Management Center
- WhiteHouse.gov: White House Official Site(English)
- President's Park: Information on "Presidential Park" on the National Park Service official website(English)
- White House Museum: Rich images and detailedFloorIntroduce(English)
- Google Satellite Image(English)
- The White House - the UAF YouTube-channelChannel
- The White House (@whitehouse)- Twitter(English)
- The White House - Facebook(English)
- The White House - MySpace(English)