Myanmar Army Releases Japanese Journalists
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The Japanese government has asked the Myanmar army to release Mr. Kitozumi.
Hiroshi Kitozumi, a Japanese journalist who was detained in Myanmar in April and charged with spreading fake news ... → Continue reading
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Under the supervision of,,Three armies andHave.
The total force is 40.6,army(37.5 people),Navy(1.6 people),air force(1.5 people)3ServiceConsists of.In case of emergencymilitiaOrganizations and border forces may also be included.Southeast AsiaAmong the countriesVietnam People's ArmyIt boasts the second largest force.
Because we have ethnic conflicts in the countryCounter guerrillaas well as the Mountain battleWas the main taskLight infantryThe main force is the unit.Also, keeping a distance from both the former East and West camps, the 1962 militaryCoup d'etatSince then, no military alliance has been formed, so no large-scale military aid has been provided from abroad (slightly from the United States).Anti-drug operationsA limited amount of equipment was provided for use), and the equipment remained in a limited amount. Since the 1990sPeople's Republic of ChinaAnd oldEastern countries(ウクライナ,Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euSuch),India,イ ス ラ エ ル,north koreaEtc.Main battle tank,Infantry combat vehicle,Self-propelled artillery,Surface-to-air missileBuy a lot of old and new, etc.Armor,Mechanized infantryA new unit has been established.
Immediately after independence, the country struggled for independence of ethnic minorities, rebelled by the Communist Party, andNational warLost toRepublic of China ArmyDue to the invasion of troops, the state was in danger of collapsing at one point, but the plains regained control in the 1960s due to the counterattack of the armed forces.Since then, ethnic minorities and Communist militia groups have continued to struggle based in mountainous areas, but in the 1990s.Khin NyuntBy Huairou work byWa State Allied ForcesWith the exception of, many militia organizations have troops stationed in their territories.Due to various reasons, the militia organization has not been united in the offensive of the armed forces, and is basically devoting itself to the defense of the mountainous areas that are the territory.On the other hand, the armed forces did not have the deciding power to establish full control over ethnic minority areas.However, with the progress of democratization in the country in recent years, ceasefires have been carried out sequentially in the armed forces and militia organizations.Minority militias were to be incorporated into the border guard, but all militias rejected this policy.Kachin Independence ArmyThe battle recurred between the Myanmar army and the Myanmar army.In addition, other militia organizations that continue to ceasefire are also on alert, and the situation is unpredictable.
The Myanmar Army is engaged in its own economic activities, and there are military companies such as Myanmar Economic Holdings (MEHL)...In addition to this, military-owned companies, factories, shops, etc.Health centerEtc. exist.Also,VeteransWe also invest in domestic business through related organizations such as organizations.
Myanmar ParliamentA quarter of the number of MPs (House of Nationalities and House of Representatives) is appointed by the commander of the Myanmar Army.
Successive commanders 
|Name||Term of office||former job||Successor||Remarks|
|Aung SanMajor General||1945-January 1947, 7|
|Lieutenant general||March 1948, 1-March 4, 1949||Karen|
|Ne Wingeneral||March 1949, 2-March 1, 1972|
|San Yugeneral||March 1972, 4-March 20, 1974||1981 president|
|general||March 1974, 3-March 1, 1976||Under Secretary of Defense and Deputy Chief of Staff of Burma||Army Chief of Staff||National Democratic FederationVice-chairman|
|general||March 1976, 3-March 6, 1985|
|Saw MaungSenior general||March 1985, 11-March 4, 1992||Deputy Chief of Staff|
|Than ShweSenior general||March 1992, 4-March 22, 2011||Deputy Chief of Staff||Retire|
|Colonel General Min Aung Hlaing||October 2011, 3-||Army, Navy and Air Force Chief of the Joint Chief of Staff||2021 coupTake control of the three powers|
- 2017May 6Was operated by the militaryY-8F200 type machineBut off the southern coast of the countryAndaman SeaI lost my news in the sky.All 122 crew and passengers died.
- ^ "Archived copy”. As of May 2012, 12オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.2012th of February 10Browse.
- ^ a b c Republic of the Union of Myanmar Basic DataJapanMinistry of Foreign Affairs(Retrieved October 2019, 9).
- ^ "Industrial park operated by Myanmar military company Suspended transactions with tenant companies Hong Kong Esprit""Nihon Keizai Shimbun』Morning edition August 2019, 8 (Asia Biz side) Retrieved September 30, 2019.
- ^ Maung Aung Myoe, Building the Tatmadaw, Appendix (6)
Japanese govermentOr simply政府Also calleddecreeAbove is usually "Country". The modern government in Japan1885(Meiji18 years)CabinetIs supposed to start.. PresentGovernance mechanismThe basic part ofThe Constitution of JapanDefined by
Scope of "government"
In British and American countries, “goverment” refers to the entire process of governing bodies, and when referring to institutions, it refers to the general name of administrative, legislative, and judicial institutions. It is common to describe the administration as "administration"..The United Kingdom,France,AmericaInPeopleRepresenting the will ofParliamentIt has been considered that the "government" includes the legislative body, the judiciary office, and the executive branch..
On the other hand, after modern timesemperor OfSovereigntyWas greatGermanyIn, the authority of the administration is strong, and the government under national law (Regierung) refers only to the administration... The same is true for countries affected by Germany,JapanIn this context, the term "government" refers to the administrative organization or public decision-making body as a unified body since the Meiji era..
Legislative officeAnd as the name implies,legislationIt is an organization that carries out. In modern nations, it is the institution that represents the peopleParliamentIs the legislature. In Japan国会Has the mission of the legislative body as the only legislative body.
Japanese国会 TheBicameral systemAnd every four yearselectionorDissolution general electionOf all 465 seatsHouse of RepresentativesAnd a total of 6 seats by the members with a six-year term and half elected every three years.House of CouncilorsComposed of. All men and women over the age of 18 have the right to voteGeneral electionWas implemented in all electionsVoting secretsIs guaranteed.
The Diet has the legislative power and functions to deliberate and pass or reject a bill. The House of RepresentativesTreaty,budget,Nomination of Prime MinisterWith respect to the, it has superior authority over the House of Councilors.
JapaneseHead of government ThePrime MinisterFrom among the members of the Diet at the DietnameAfter beingEmperorAppointed by. The Prime Minister must be a member of the Diet and must have the confidence of the House of Representatives in his appointment. Prime Minister is the executive branch of JapanCabinetAs the chief ofSecretary of StateHas the right to appoint and dismiss.Cabinet ActThe State Secretary of State is normally limited to 14 people (up to 3 if needed). In addition, there is a constraint that the majority of the Secretary of State must be composed of members of the Diet by the Constitution..
Cabinet stipulations in the Constitution of Japan have a British originParliamentary Cabinet SystemInstead of having the Prime Minister's right to nominate the Prime Minister and the right to vote for distrust of the Cabinet, the Cabinet has the right to decide to disband, and based on the advice and approval of the Cabinet, the Emperor Disband.
2000The successive prime ministers since (12) are shown below.
|Shinzo Abe||2012-2020(2nd year of Reiwa)|
|Yoshii Kan||2020 (2nd year of Reiwa)-Incumbent|
Central government agency
The judiciary裁判 所AndSupreme CourtandLower courtComposed of. Consists of multiple levels of courts with the Supreme Court at the top,Unconstitutional examination rightHave. in JapanAdministrative courtThere is no claim court.Judge systemWas introduced in 2009.Chief of the Supreme CourtIs appointed by the Emperor based on the appointment of the Cabinet.Supreme Court JudgeIs appointed by the Cabinet and certified by the Emperor.
- Shusuke Osawa"Introduction to the Constitution Third Edition"Seibundo, 2003.ISBN 978-4792303655.
- Sosuke Mita,Akira Kurihara,Yoshihisa Tanaka"Encyclopedia of Sociology"Hirobundo, 1988.
- "Encyclopedia Mypedia" (平凡 社)
- "Britannica International Encyclopedia''(TBS Britannica)
- The Constitution of Japan*500 Yen
- List of Japanese government terms
- Japanese politics
- Japanese administration
- Japanese civil servant
- Separation of three powers