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Myanmar Army Releases Japanese Journalists

 
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The Japanese government has asked the Myanmar army to release Mr. Kitozumi.
 

Hiroshi Kitozumi, a Japanese journalist who was detained in Myanmar in April and charged with spreading fake news ... → Continue reading

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Myanmar army

Myanmar army(Myanmar Gun; Burmese: တပ်မတော်, IdiomaticLatin lettersNotation: Tatmadaw,ALA-LC transliteration method: tapʻ ma to ʻ,IPA: [taʔmədɔ̀] Tammadaw) IsMyanmar(Burma)National army.

(English editionUnder the supervision of(English edition,(English edition,(English editionThree armies and(English editionHave.

組織

The total force is 40.6,army(37.5 people),Navy(1.6 people),air force(1.5 people)[2]3ServiceConsists of.In case of emergencymilitiaOrganizations and border forces may also be included.Southeast AsiaAmong the countriesVietnam People's ArmyIt boasts the second largest force.

Because we have ethnic conflicts in the countryCounter guerrillaas well as the Mountain battleWas the main taskLight infantryThe main force is the unit.Also, keeping a distance from both the former East and West camps, the 1962 militaryCoup d'etatSince then, no military alliance has been formed, so no large-scale military aid has been provided from abroad (slightly from the United States).Anti-drug operationsA limited amount of equipment was provided for use), and the equipment remained in a limited amount. Since the 1990sPeople's Republic of ChinaAnd oldEastern countries(ウクライナ,Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euSuch),India,イ ス ラ エ ル,north koreaEtc.Main battle tank,Infantry combat vehicle,Self-propelled artillery,Surface-to-air missileBuy a lot of old and new, etc.Armor,Mechanized infantryA new unit has been established.

Immediately after independence, the country struggled for independence of ethnic minorities, rebelled by the Communist Party, andNational warLost toRepublic of China ArmyDue to the invasion of troops, the state was in danger of collapsing at one point, but the plains regained control in the 1960s due to the counterattack of the armed forces.Since then, ethnic minorities and Communist militia groups have continued to struggle based in mountainous areas, but in the 1990s.Khin NyuntBy Huairou work byWa State Allied ForcesWith the exception of, many militia organizations have troops stationed in their territories.Due to various reasons, the militia organization has not been united in the offensive of the armed forces, and is basically devoting itself to the defense of the mountainous areas that are the territory.On the other hand, the armed forces did not have the deciding power to establish full control over ethnic minority areas.However, with the progress of democratization in the country in recent years, ceasefires have been carried out sequentially in the armed forces and militia organizations.Minority militias were to be incorporated into the border guard, but all militias rejected this policy.Kachin Independence ArmyThe battle recurred between the Myanmar army and the Myanmar army.In addition, other militia organizations that continue to ceasefire are also on alert, and the situation is unpredictable.

The Myanmar Army is engaged in its own economic activities, and there are military companies such as Myanmar Economic Holdings (MEHL).[3]..In addition to this, military-owned companies, factories, shops, etc.Health centerEtc. exist.Also,VeteransWe also invest in domestic business through related organizations such as organizations.

Myanmar ParliamentA quarter of the number of MPs (House of Nationalities and House of Representatives) is appointed by the commander of the Myanmar Army.

Successive commanders [4]

NameTerm of officeformer jobSuccessorRemarks
Aung SanMajor General1945-January 1947, 7
(English editionBrigadier general1947-1948
(English editionLieutenant generalMarch 1948, 1-March 4, 1949Karen
Ne WingeneralMarch 1949, 2-March 1, 1972
San YugeneralMarch 1972, 4-March 20, 19741981 president
(English editiongeneralMarch 1974, 3-March 1, 1976Under Secretary of Defense and Deputy Chief of Staff of BurmaArmy Chief of StaffNational Democratic FederationVice-chairman
(English editiongeneralMarch 1976, 3-March 6, 1985
Saw MaungSenior generalMarch 1985, 11-March 4, 1992Deputy Chief of Staff
Than ShweSenior generalMarch 1992, 4-March 22, 2011Deputy Chief of StaffRetire
Colonel General Min Aung HlaingOctober 2011, 3-Army, Navy and Air Force Chief of the Joint Chief of Staff2021 coupTake control of the three powers

ACCIDENT

footnote

  1. ^ "Archived copy”. As of May 2012, 12オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.2012th of February 10Browse.
  2. ^ a b c Republic of the Union of Myanmar Basic DataJapanMinistry of Foreign Affairs(Retrieved October 2019, 9).
  3. ^ "Industrial park operated by Myanmar military company Suspended transactions with tenant companies Hong Kong Esprit""Nihon Keizai Shimbun』Morning edition August 2019, 8 (Asia Biz side) Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  4. ^ Maung Aung Myoe, Building the Tatmadaw, Appendix (6)

Related item

Japanese Government

Japanese Government(Japanese language, Japanese language,British: Government of Japan[1]) IsJapan Of政府.

Japanese govermentOr simply政府Also calleddecreeAbove is usually "Country". The modern government in Japan1885(Meiji18 years)CabinetIs supposed to start[2].. PresentGovernance mechanismThe basic part ofThe Constitution of JapanDefined by

In Japan, the "government"Executive branchOften refers only to, but in this sectionLegislative officeJudiciaryWill be explained together.

Scope of "government"

In a broad sense, the term “government” is a collective term for legislative, judicial, and executive governments.CabinetAnd it comes withCentral government agency(Bureaucracy) Only[3].

In British and American countries, “goverment” refers to the entire process of governing bodies, and when referring to institutions, it refers to the general name of administrative, legislative, and judicial institutions. It is common to describe the administration as "administration".[4].The United Kingdom,France,AmericaInPeopleRepresenting the will ofParliamentIt has been considered that the "government" includes the legislative body, the judiciary office, and the executive branch.[3].

On the other hand, after modern timesemperor OfSovereigntyWas greatGermanyIn, the authority of the administration is strong, and the government under national law (Regierung) refers only to the administration.[3][4].. The same is true for countries affected by Germany,JapanIn this context, the term "government" refers to the administrative organization or public decision-making body as a unified body since the Meiji era.[4].

Legislative office

Legislative officeAnd as the name implies,legislationIt is an organization that carries out. In modern nations, it is the institution that represents the peopleParliamentIs the legislature. In Japan国会Has the mission of the legislative body as the only legislative body.

Japanese国会 TheBicameral systemAnd every four yearselectionorDissolution general electionOf all 465 seatsHouse of RepresentativesAnd a total of 6 seats by the members with a six-year term and half elected every three years.House of CouncilorsComposed of. All men and women over the age of 18 have the right to voteGeneral electionWas implemented in all electionsVoting secretsIs guaranteed.

The Diet has the legislative power and functions to deliberate and pass or reject a bill. The House of RepresentativesTreaty,budget,Nomination of Prime MinisterWith respect to the, it has superior authority over the House of Councilors.

Executive branch

JapaneseHead of government ThePrime MinisterFrom among the members of the Diet at the DietnameAfter beingEmperorAppointed by. The Prime Minister must be a member of the Diet and must have the confidence of the House of Representatives in his appointment. Prime Minister is the executive branch of JapanCabinetAs the chief ofSecretary of StateHas the right to appoint and dismiss.Cabinet ActThe State Secretary of State is normally limited to 14 people (up to 3 if needed). In addition, there is a constraint that the majority of the Secretary of State must be composed of members of the Diet by the Constitution.[5].

Cabinet stipulations in the Constitution of Japan have a British originParliamentary Cabinet SystemInstead of having the Prime Minister's right to nominate the Prime Minister and the right to vote for distrust of the Cabinet, the Cabinet has the right to decide to disband, and based on the advice and approval of the Cabinet, the Emperor Disband[6].

Prime Minister

2000The successive prime ministers since (12) are shown below.

NameTerm
Mori2000-2001(13)
Junichiro Koizumi2001-2006(18)
Shinzo Abe2006-2007(19)
Fukuda Yasuo2007-2008(20)
Taro Aso2008-2009(21)
Yukio Hatoyama2009-2010(22)
Naoto Kan2010-2011(23)
Yoshihiko Noda2011-2012(24)
Shinzo Abe2012-2020(2nd year of Reiwa)
Yoshii Kan2020 (2nd year of Reiwa)-Incumbent

Central government agency

Cabinet Office(Financial Services Agency,Consumer Affairs Agency,Imperial Household Agency,National Police Agency-National Public Safety Commission,Fair Trade Commission
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications | Ministry of Justice | Ministry of Foreign Affairs | Ministry of Finance | Ministry of education | Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare | Ministry of Agriculture | Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry | Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism | Ministry of the Environment | Ministry of Defense

Judiciary

The judiciary裁判 所AndSupreme CourtandLower courtComposed of. Consists of multiple levels of courts with the Supreme Court at the top,Unconstitutional examination rightHave. in JapanAdministrative courtThere is no claim court.Judge systemWas introduced in 2009.Chief of the Supreme CourtIs appointed by the Emperor based on the appointment of the Cabinet.Supreme Court JudgeIs appointed by the Cabinet and certified by the Emperor.

Local government

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ Japanese Government Official Website (JAPANGOV)
  2. ^ "Encyclopedia Mypedia" (Heibonsha) "Government"
  3. ^ a b c "The Encyclopedia of Britannica", "Government"
  4. ^ a b c Munesuke Mita, Akira Kurihara & Yoshihisa Tanaka 1988, p. 540.
  5. ^ Osawa (2003) p.297
  6. ^ Osawa (2003) p.292-294

References

Related item

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