Portal field news

Portal field news


🌏 | Chicago shooting suspect legally buys a gun 70 shots over firing Is it a woman's costume at the time of escape?


U.S. Chicago suspect, legally purchase a gun 70 shots over firing Is it a woman's costume at the time of escape?

If you write the contents roughly
Police said the suspect had planned an attack for several weeks, but the motive for the crime was unclear.

[Highland Park (Illinois, USA) XNUMXth Reuters] – Highland Park, a suburb of Chicago, Illinois, USA… → Continue reading


Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.


SuspectWhat is (Higisha)?Investigation agency"crimeWas suspected to have committedinvestigationMediumprosecutionThose who have not been raised.Japanese lawLegal terms above.

Because the readings of "suspect" and "victim" are similarNews agencyIs a "suspect"SuspectIt is expressed as (yougisha).

Also, when it is necessary to conceptually distinguish from a suspect as a legal term, the word "suspect" may be used instead of "suspect" in the law.[1].


He was suspected of committing a crime by an investigative agency and was the subject of an investigation.ProsecutionThose who have not been suspected are called suspects.ProsecutionAfter that, in relation to the caseDefendantCalled.

In general, the suspect is "ArrestThere is an idea of ​​"a person who has been", but the suspect as a legal term is arrested anddetentionIt doesn't matter if you are physically restrained by.Those who have not been arrested or those who have not been arrested, if they are the subject of an investigation on suspicion of a crime[2]Is also a suspect.

Presumption of innocence (presumption of innocence)

Although the suspect has been accused of committing a crime by an investigative agency, the suspect is legally accused of committing a crime.無罪The presumption that is working.thisPrinciples of innocenceOrPresumed innocenceThat.

However, in the real world, the suspect is有罪There is a false idea that it is, and the problems based on it are endless.especially,False arrestIf done, the alleged suspect was consistently legally innocent, but by the mediaLibelThere are many cases where people lose their jobs due to the misunderstandings of the media and society, are forced to move, and the families are separated.

In the famous exampleSuspicion of loss,Matsumoto Sarin IncidentAnd for the subsequent media coverageCivil actionThere is a trial, and in a familiar example, a molester on a trainFalse arrestThere is.

Suspect's duty

If you have not been arrested or detained
There is no particular reason, but if you do not respond to the investigation by the investigative agency without a justifiable reason, the need for arrest may be satisfied and you may be arrested.
If you have been arrested or detained
Obligation to accept interrogationIs said to be in practice, but there are many disagreements with the theory.See the section on the obligation to accept interrogations.

Suspect's rights

The suspect has the rights peculiar to the suspect.NaturallyBasic human rightsHowever, it is subject to certain restrictions based on the Code of Criminal Procedure.

Right to appoint defense counsel
CounselIs the right to appoint.In principle, a private defender is the principle, but in the future it will be possible to request the appointment of a public defender.
Right to request the appointment of a public defender
National defense systemSee
Interview traffic right
Interview traffic rightSee
Other rights
Suspects tooBasic human rightsAnd its human rights must not be hampered without reasonable reason.However, because of being a suspect, there are more rational restrictions than the general public (Forced investigation, Arrest, detention, etc.) can be imposed.

About the word "suspect"

Generally, JapaneseMass media(Media)SuspectThe term "(yogisha)" is used to mean the suspect.It is said that "suspect" is used because "suspect" has a similar pronunciation to "victim" and may be mistaken.In the mass mediaArrest or Fugitive warrantIt is called "suspect" when it is detained or almost certain, and unless it is detained, "suspect" is not used and it is called by "san" or title. As mentioned above, even if you are not legally detained, you are a suspect if you are suspected.In addition, when the suspect (suspect) is prosecuted, the mass media will say "defendant, But originally the "defendant"Civil action,Administrative litigationIt means "the accused side", and the legal term is "defendant".PeopleIs correct.

Previously, the suspect was abandoned by his real name,the 1980sFrom the middle to the end, the name "suspect" came to be used in mass media such as television, radio and newspapers.The reason is that the suspect is in a position of presumed innocence, and the abandonment is not appropriate from the viewpoint of basic human rights.However, there are criticisms of the press attitude that is not much different from the time of the abandonment, saying, "Although it is a suspect, there is a tendency to report extensively as if the suspect = the true criminal."[3].

Press names other than "suspect" and "suspect"

Generally, in the case of arrest, the real name is reported under the name of "suspect", but in the case of document inspection, brief prosecution, prosecution deferment, and non-prosecution, the word "suspect" is not used and "suspect" is used. There is a tendency to report with names such as "san" and "san" and professional titles.[4][5]..However, at the discretion of each company, the name "suspect" may be given, and the current situation is that it is left to the media.[5].

For example,Shimane college student corpse abandonment caseは、被疑者が死亡していたため被疑者は逮捕されていないが、朝日新聞(朝日新聞2016年12月20日夕刊11面)、毎日新聞(毎日新聞2016年12月20日夕刊9面)、読売新聞(読売新聞2016年12月20日夕刊13面)、日本経済新聞(日本経済新聞2016年12月20日夕刊13面)は、いずれも被疑者の氏名を容疑者という肩書きをつけて報道している。

There are criticisms about using less versatile titles such as "member" and "talent" when a famous entertainer is a suspect.[6]..This trend was in 2001 at that timeSMAPWas a member ofInagaki GoroWas called "Inagaki member" in the press when the current criminal was arrested.[7].


In addition, it is used in schoolCivil Affairs OftextbookThen, "The person who is ...Suspect(Or call the suspect) ", etc., the suspect's letters are in bold and the suspect's letters are in fine parentheses.


  1. ^ For example,Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition ActInImmigration OfficerA foreigner who is considered to fall under any of the items of Article 24 of the same law is called a "suspect".also,Code of criminal investigationIn and, the expression "suspect and investigation materials and other reference matters" is also used.In addition, according to the instruction regarding the punishment of inmates (Ministry of Justice Correction Lesson No. 3351), inmates suspected of committing an offense (inmates (inmates (inmates (inmates))Penal institutionThose who are housed in),Labor officeDetainees and detainees in detention centers) are suspected of foul play.
  2. ^ If the investigative agency decides that it does not meet the requirements for arrest, or that it meets the requirements for arrest but does not arrest and investigates at home.
  3. ^ Yozo Watanabe"What is the Law? New Edition" page 62
  4. ^ "Reporter's Handbook" Kyodo News Agency
  5. ^ a b The compulsory obscene report "Tatsuya Yamaguchi member" pointed out that it was an "implicit rule" on the Internet.Actually ... --Kota Rachi, Kensuke Seya,BuzzFeed News, April 2018, 4
  6. ^ Looking back on the "Yamaguchi member" report, the history of celebrity names How do each company respond to arrests and document inspections?Lawyer dot com April 2018, 4
  7. ^ "Special feature SMAP dissolution highlighted! Constitution of" Johnny's Empire "" Shukan Shincho Vol. 61, No. 33, September 2016, 9

Related item

外部 リンク

    a few weeks ago


    Back to Top