Disney, US 3.2 layoffs in the first half of next year Expanded from September announcement
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The theme parks in Shanghai, Hong Kong and Tokyo are still open.
[Reuters] – US entertainment giant Walt Disney will be in XNUMX around theme parks on the XNUMXth ... → Continue reading
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Theme park(English: theme park) IsJapanThen, all the fins were produced based on a specific theme (culture of a specific country, story, movie, era).TourismFacilityRefers to. Including entertainment and leisure, various tastes that inspire intellectual curiosity,amusement park,Zoo,aquarium,博物馆,Hotel,Commercial facilityThere is also a place to be installed. In addition, in countries other than Japan, theme parks and amusement parks are often not distinguished.
TraditionalresortIs the localAttractionsIn some cases the emphasis was on the content that came afterPlay equipmentIt was inconsistent because the vacationers exclusively played with them by setting up facilities and facilities. The theme park is called such a conventional "inconsistent recreation facility"DifferentiationIn order to achieve this, we have created a group of recreational facilities with a consistent theme, from playground equipment and facilities to individual souvenirs. Many of them tend to be large-scale facilities, such as consisting of multiple buildings, but there are also facilities such as "mini-theme parks" that offer attractions in line with specified themes, such as indoor facilities. Can be seen.
NaraNaraWas inNara Dreamland( 1961Opening),AichiInuyamaIt is inMuseum Meiji Village( 1965Opening)Kyoto City OfToei Uzumasa Movie Village( 1975Opening),Takamatsu OfShikoku Village( 1976It can be said that (opening) is the pioneer of Japan's theme parks, but in Japan, this word became popular and became known as a business model. 1983ChibaUrayasu cityOpened inTokyo Disneyland After being used in (TDL).
The theme parks vary widely in character. I decided a general themeamusement parkFrom the one with a strong personality (typically Tokyo Disneyland), we emphasized social education and research while adding the aspect of entertainment.Open air museumPersonality (typical example isMuseum Meiji Village,Little world) AndWork experienceWhat can be done (KidzaniaThere are various theme parks.
Japanese theme park
Rise and fall in Japan
Bubble economyPopular name from the early 1990s to the mid-XNUMXsResortCalled lawGeneral Recreation Area Improvement Act( 1987Enacted), various facilities called "theme parks" were planned and constructed all over the country to make it a tourist attraction.repeaterMany facilities are not attractive enough to earnHeisei recessionPartly due to the influence ofCivil Rehabilitation Law,Corporate rehabilitation lawThe application of such as has become one after another. In order for a theme park to succeed, the appeal and enrichment of content is required. In particular, concrete verification using the leisure ladder diagram (= Travel-career needs (1992): Tourism:P261) that is common in the United States is required. The leisure ladder diagram is a basic theory for securing repeaters for theme parks used in the United States, and the lack of such research is also an issue for tourism universities.Third sectorIn the system theme parks, the overall business plan is not fixed, and although some related facilities have a certain amount of business profit, the operation of the whole is no longer possible. Against this background, it is pointed out that the basic theory regarding the operation of theme parks has not been learned, and the damage has expanded without proper analysis and planning of the situation.
It was a pioneer of theme park with its own theme of history of Nagasaki and introduction of the Netherlands.Nagasaki Dutch VillageBankruptcy due to failure to close and reopenNiigata Russian Village,Kashiwazaki Turkish Culture Village,Fuji Gulliver KingdomParticipated in the establishment of the three theme parks ofNiigata Central BankOr established by the third sector methodCoal historic village,Yubari ResortWith the failure of development and operation ofFiscal rebuilding organizationBecameHokkaidoYubariThere are quite a few people involved in the theme park business who were hurt.
In Japan, located in Urayasu City, Chiba PrefectureTokyo Disney Resort(TDR)WhenOsakaKonohana WardIt is inUniversal Studios Japan(USJ), the number of visitors does not decline, and the theme park industry has an operationally one-person win. ThatTokyo Disney ResortIn 2004 and 2005, the number of visitors decreased from the previous year for the second consecutive year, and the number of visitors increased from the previous year in 2, but it is not possible to be optimistic about the future situation. Above allWorld financial crisisThe business environment of rural theme parks has become even more difficult due to the recession triggered by.
It seems that the understanding of theme parks will be greatly advanced by going back in history.17st centuryAround Citizens Park in England and FranceMerry-go-roundPlayground equipment likeamusement parkThe history of 1843Was opened inデンマーク OfTivoli Park(In the atmosphere of nostalgia and exoticism with a unique personality, in addition to various machines, meals,concert, LightgamblingEntertain. Its charm has been miraculously preserved to the present), or 1950Opening NetherlandsEfteling Park (a core attraction of a fairy tale masterpiece created by a national painter), and around the same timeCaliforniaOne family startedNuts berry farmInspired by (recreating and recreating a real train and a small hotel in the pioneering era by attaching to a dining room that was started by the side of a strawberry field) 1955Walt Disney snow Whiteな どAnimeDisneyland, which was constructed using the directing techniques cultivated in the production, is said to be the beginning of a full-scale theme park. Disney has actually left footprints in two parts of Europe.
To redefine the theme park, as in the past (still in Japan),machine,flower,Pool,smallZooIn order to bring back memories that evoke repeats and word-of-mouth, above all, to bring out extraordinary emotions and impressions that are not possible at an amusement park with just a proper layout etc. Or the environment of each area,AttractionIt can be an evolution of an amusement park with a specific theme (single, multiple, abstract, concrete, etc.) and atmosphere as a production tool, such as around machines, food and drink sales facilities, menus and products. Therefore, tourist facilities and indoor/outdoor museums equipped with traditional resources for attracting customers such as history, culture and nature, orRamen,cakeIt is a category of theme parks, including commercial facilities that have accumulated a single type of industry and created a certain kind of emotion, as well as "urban theme parks" that have been set up to increase interest in experience games. What we must do is not welcome in the light of the expectation that the original theme park as an evolutionary form of an amusement park will be realized and evolved in Japan.
Mini theme park
The theme park has a strong aspect as a complex recreation facility, for exampleTokyo Disney Resort OfTokyo Disneyland,Tokyo Disney SeaIn addition to playground facilities including attractions, there are restaurants, souvenir shops, etc. in the recreation facility as well as in the surrounding area.hotel, There are shopping malls and theater facilities, and they provide comprehensive services such as improvement of transportation between facilities. Providing such integrated services requires a large amount of land, and it is difficult to secure such new land in metropolitan areas. On the other hand, in order to operate such a large-scale and comprehensive theme park, it is necessary to accept a huge number of vacationers, and the initial investment is huge, but in the rural areas the burden of developing that much land is required. In many cases, there is not enough financial resources to deal with.
As a direction different from such large-scale leisure facilities, an indoor facility called a "mini theme park" that occupies one floor or part of a large-scale commercial facility in an urban area is also in the metropolitan area and large cities. An increasing trend has been seen in the area since the 1s. These urban mini theme parksPublic transportIt is convenient because of the convenience of transportation, and the number of attractions and the time required are short and short so that users of commercial facilities can stop by while visiting, and it is an indoor facility, so it is also popular as an all-weather facility. Collect.
Among what are called mini theme parks,Food theme park,Retro theme parkAlthough there are many styles such as, there is a work experience type theme park where you can experience working.KidzaniaOr an attraction in the car showroomMEGAWEBThere are also styles that are completely different from existing recreation facilities such as. Since the facility is small, it is easy to handle as a tenant, and it is introduced when a large commercial facility is newly built to attract customers, and at existing facilities, the contents of attractions are replaced each season and repeat customers are acquired.
List of major theme parks in Japan (excluding food and retro)
Hokkaido and Tohoku
- Ashikaga Flower Park(TochigiAshikaga)-Flowers
- Sanrio Puroland(TokyoTama City)- Sanrio character
- Tokyo Disneyland (ChibaUrayasu city)- デ ィ ズ ニ ー
- Tokyo Disney Sea(Urayasu City, Chiba Prefecture)-Disney
- Tokyo German Village (ChibaSodegaura)- ドイツ
- Nikko Edo Village (Tochigi PrefectureNikko) - Edo Period
- Mezza(SaitamaHanno)- MoominとNordicLandscape
- Yokohama / Hakkeijima Sea Paradise(Yokohama City, Kanagawa Prefecture)-Ocean
Theme park that once existed
- Akagi Kogen Ranch Kronenberg(Maebashi City, Gunma Prefecture)
- Aqua Resort Renes Kanazawa(Kanazawa City, Ishikawa Prefecture)
- Asia Park(Arao City, Kumamoto Prefecture)
- Amagi Wildlife Village(Izu City, Shizuoka Prefecture)
- Amazing Square(Adachi-ku, Tokyo)
- Awa Taisho Roman Baltic Garden(TokushimaNaruto) - movies"Baltic paradise'
- Ishizuchi Art Village Tyrolean Forest (Saijo City, Ehime Prefecture)
- Ishihara Pro World/Western Police(Otaru, Hokkaido)
- Ichikura Farm (Saijo City, Ehime Prefecture)
- Inutama and Nekotama(Setagaya-ku, Tokyo)
- Irozaki jungle park(Minamiizu Town, Shizuoka Prefecture)
- Iwaki Buddha Village(Iwaki City, Fukushima Prefecture)
- Western village(Nikko City, Tochigi Prefecture)
- Ultraman Land(Kumamoto PrefectureArao）
- Ehime Wanwan Village(Shigenobu Town, Ehime Prefecture)
- Ernte Ozu(Ozu City, Ehime Prefecture)
- (Otaru, Hokkaido)
- (Otaru, Hokkaido)
- Kashiwazaki Turkish Culture Village(Kashiwazaki City, Niigata Prefecture)
- Kaga Hyakumangoku Period Village(Kaga City, Ishikawa Prefecture)
- Kanagawa Fishing Park(Sagamihara, Kanagawa Prefecture)
- Kamakura Cinema World(Kamakura City, Kanagawa Prefecture)
- Northern city Ashibetsu[Ashibetsu City, Hokkaido]
- Kyushu doggie kingdom(Arao City, Kumamoto Prefecture)
- Kurashiki Tivoli Park(Kurashiki City, Okayama Prefecture)
- Gluck Kingdom(Obihiro City, Hokkaido)
- Kure Portopia Land(Kure City, Hiroshima Prefecture)
- Korankei Snake Center(Toyota City, Aichi Prefecture)
- Gold Park Kushikino(Kushikino City, Kagoshima Prefecture)
- Shikoku New Zealand Village(Manano Town, Nakatado County, Kagawa Prefecture)
- Shimashima Town(KanagawaKawasaki CityTakatsu Ward,AichiNagoya cityChikusa Ward(7 locations in Japan, etc.)
- Shinjuku Joypolis(Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo)
- Space world (FukuokaKitakyushuHachiman East Ward）
- Chichiyasu Hyperku(Hatsukaichi City, Hiroshima Prefecture)
- Flower garden(HokkaidoNoboribetsu）
- Teregi no Sato(Saijo City, Ehime Prefecture)
- Tokyo Sesame Place(Akiruno City, Tokyo)
- Tokyo Marine(Adachi-ku, Tokyo)
- Dotonbori Gokuraku Shopping Street(Osaka-shi, Osaka)
- Tohoku New Zealand Village (Oshu City, Iwate Prefecture)
- Nagasaki Dutch Village(Nishizaki Town, Nagasaki Prefecture)
- Port of Nagoya Italy Village(Aichi Prefecture, Nagoya City)
- Gyokawa Island(ChibaKatsuura）
- Namco Wonder Egg(Setagaya-ku, Tokyo)
- Niigata Russian Village(Sasakami Village, Niigata Prefecture)
- Nature Land Numata German Village König Krollt(Gunma PrefectureNumata City）
- Navelland(Omuta City, Fukuoka Prefecture)
- Hiroshima New Zealand Village(Akitakata City, Hiroshima Prefecture)
- Biwako Wanwan Kingdom(Moriyama City, Shiga Prefecture)
- Forte Saijo(Saijo City, Ehime Prefecture)
- (Fukuoka City, Fukuoka Prefecture)
- Fuji Gulliver Kingdom(Kamikushiki Village, Yamanashi Prefecture)
- (Tsukigata, Hokkaido)
- Yamaguchi New Zealand Village(Mine City, Yamaguchi Prefecture)
- Yokohama Joypolis(Yokohama-city kanagawa prefecture)
- Warp Station Edo(Tsukuba Mirai City, Ibaraki Prefecture)
Theme park closed
List of world theme parks
- Disneyland Resort (米 国-California）
- Walt Disney World Resort (USA·フ ロ リ ダ）
- Universal Studios Hollywood (US/California)
- Universal Orlando Resort (USA, Florida)
- Disneyland Paris (France-Paris）
- Six Flags
- Europe Park (ドイツ）
- Pleasure Beach Blackpool (England)
- Tivoli Gardens (デンマーク-Copenhagen）
- Asterix Park (France·ParisSuburbs)
- Cite de l'Espace (France·ToulouseSuburbs)
- Dream Island (Moscow) (ロシア-Moscow）
- Shanghai Disney Resort
- Hong Kong Disneyland Resort
- (China·Zhejiang Province）
- Universal Studios Singapore
- Universal Studios Dubai Land UAE
- IMG World of Adventure UAE
- (Taiwan-Hsinchu Prefecture）
- Lotte World ( South Korea-SeoulandBusan）
- Everland (Korea)
- Little dwarf kingdom (China)
- Shikeizan Amusement Park(China)
- Legoland Malaysia(Malaysia-Johor）
- Sunway Lagoon(Malaysia-Selangor）
Number of people attracting theme parks
Number of people attracting guests to Japanese theme parks (2016)
From Sogo Unicom, "Leisure and customer attraction facilities nationwide number of visitors ranking 2017".
- Tokyo Disneyland, Tokyo DisneySea Urayasu, Chiba 30,004,000
- Universal Studios Japan Osaka, Osaka 14,600,000
- Huis Ten Bosch Nagasaki 2,894,000
World theme park customer ranking
TEA Inc. attracts guests from theme parks around the world
TEA Inc., which is investigating the leisure industry, announced the number of visitors to the world's theme parks in 2019 announced on May 5, 22.
- 1. Magic Kingdom フ ロ リ ダ 米 国 20,859,000
- 2. Tokyo Disneyland Anaheim United States 18,666,000
- 3. Tokyo Disneyland Chiba-Urayasu city Japan 17,907,000
- 4. Tokyo Disney Sea Chiba prefecture Urayasu Japan 14,651,000
- 5. Universal Studios Japan OsakaOsaka-Konohana Ward Japan 14,300,000
- 6. Disney Animal Kingdom Florida United States 13,750,000
- 7. Epcot Florida United States 12,444,000
- 8. Shanghai Disneyland Shanghai Chugoku 11,800,000
- 9. Disney Hollywood Studios Florida United States 11,258,000
- 10. Zhuhai Changlong Ocean Kingdom Zhuhai city China 10,830,000
- 11. Universal Studios Florida Florida United States 10,708,000
- 12. Disney California Adventure Anaheim USA 9,861,000
- 13. Disneyland Paris Paris France 9,843,000
- 14. Islands of Adventure Florida United States 9,788,000
- 15. Universal Studios Hollywood California 9,147,000
- 16. Hong Kong Disneyland Hong Kong Chugoku 6,700,000
- 17. Lotte World Seoul South Korea 5,960,000
- 18. Nagashima Spa Land MieKuwana City 5,920,000
- 19. Everland Gyeonggi-do-Yongin Korea 5,850,000
- 20. Hong Kong Ocean Park Hong Kong China 5,800,000
- 21. Europe Park Rust ドイツ 5,720,000
- 22. Efteling North Brabant Netherlands 5,400,000
- 23. Walt Disney Studios Park Paris France 5,298,000
- 24. Tivoli Gardens Copenhagen デンマーク 4,850,000
- 25. Chimelong Entertainment World Guangzhou China 4,680,000
Forbes' Top 10 Theme Parks Selected by Forbes
- : Magic Kingdom (USA)
- : Tokyo Disneyland (Japan)
- : Disneyland Paris (France)
- : Everland (Korea)
- : Blackpool Pleasure Beach (UK)
- : Tivoli Gardens (Copenhagen, Denmark)
- : Ocean Park (Hong Kong)
- : Europe Park (Germany)
- : Paramount Canada's Wonderland (Canada)
- : Port Aventure (Spain)
- ^ "Best Amusement Parks In Japan" (English). arrestedworld.com. 2021/1/15Browse.
- ^ "Best Museums In Japan" (English). arrestedworld.com (2019-02-27IST19:09:43+05:30). 2021/1/15Browse.
- ^ "49 Best Places In Japan To Visit | ArrestedWorld" (English). arrestedworld.com (2020-08-03IST22:30:00+05:30). 2021/1/15Browse.
- ^ In Tokyo Disneyland, the area with entertainment facilities was called a theme park. In the title of the book,Yuji NemotoThe arrival of the age of theme parks, a new business for attractive regional creation (Diamond, 1990) is an early one.
- ^ There is a discrepancy between the numbers of ERA and Forbes, and it seems that the survey method is different. *In the original data,park,Complex commercial facilityIncluding those not classified as theme parks.
- ^ "GLOBAL ATTRACTIONS ATTENDANCE REPORT". 2019/9/4Browse.
- ^ 
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