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🌏 | Government, JR Hokkaido 1200-1300 billion yen, Shikoku 1000 billion yen Support consideration = report


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Government considers support for 1200-1300 billion yen for JR Hokkaido and 1000 billion yen for Shikoku = news

 
If you write the contents roughly
NHK also reports that it is adjusting to provide financial support to JR Hokkaido for more than 3 billion yen in three years and JR Shikoku for more than 1300 billion yen in five years.
 

[Tokyo XNUMXth Reuters] -The Nihon Keizai Shimbun reported on the XNUMXth that the government will be in trouble with JR Hokkaido from XNUMX. → Continue reading

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Over 1000 billion yen

Hokkaido passenger railway

Hokkaido Passenger Railway Co., Ltd.(How do you like it?British: Hokkaido Railway Company[Annotation 1] It is,JR Corporate LawBased onHokkaido regionCentered aroundPassenger railwayOperate, etc.Japan OfSpecial companyBarrelRailway operator.1987(Showa62 years)4/1ToJapan National RailwayKushiro and Asahikawa of (JNR)Railway Management Bureau, Seikan Ship Railway Management Bureau, HokkaidoDirectorate GeneralからTrainBusiness was taken over and startedJR GroupOne of the passenger railway companies of. The popular name isJR Hokkaido(JR Hokkaido), English abbreviation isJR Hokkaido.Corporate color TheMoe yellow.

Mainly in HokkaidoRailway lineWith the head officeSapporoChuo-kuPut on.ticket"North" in the background pattern[Annotation 2]Is written.

概況

April 1987, 62Privatization of the national railway divisionSometimesTrain21 routes 3,176.6 km,Route113.0 km andAutomobile(Bus) took over the business,Passenger Railway Co., Ltd. and Japan Freight Railway Co., Ltd.(JR company law)Special companyso,Independent administrative agencyRailway Construction/Transport Facility Development Support OrganizationVia (Railway / Transportation Organization)Japanese GovernmentOwns all the shares.

After the establishment, the railway lineConventional lineWith 2 linesHokkaido ShinkansenWas opened,Specific local transportation lineAbolition ofTransport densityIt has decreased due to the abolition of extremely few line districts.2020(Reiwa2 years) Total as of May 5Operating kiloIncludes ShinkansenMain lineThere are 6 routes 1,460.6 km,Local transportation lineThere are 8 routes of 1,027.7 km and 14 routes of 2488.3 km in total.[2](DetailsLater).

Route (Seikan ferry) IsKaikyo Line(Seikan Tunnel) Opening of business1988(63)3/13Abolished in[Annotation 3], Automobile business (busBusiness)2000(Heisei12) A wholly owned subsidiary on April 4stJR Hokkaido BusWas transferred to.1995Abolished in (7)Fumei LineIs operated by JR HokkaidoAlternative busAfter being converted into a bus business, the JR Hokkaido Bus is operating.[3].

Business overview

Of the JR passenger companies established by the JNR division and privatizationHonshuThree “Santo” companies, including JR Hokkaido, which operates outside of Japan (others areJR Shikoku,JR Kyushu) Has been in a chronic deficit since its inception and its management base was fragile.[4].. The population of Hokkaido continues to declineThe population densityIs the lowest in Japan,SapporoThe tendency toward is continuing, and in the municipalities of Hokkaido other than SapporoPopulation declineIs getting serious. Even if compared with other JR Group companies, most of the routes run in a depopulated area, the number of long-distance users with a high unit price due to the overcrowding of Sapporo, road network extension andPrivate carDissemination of (motorization),aviation,Express BusThe competition was also a headwind. In addition, the whole roadHeavy snowfall-Cold districtBecauseSnow removalThe management base is very weak because it requires enormous expenses such as maintenance costs for vehicles and facilities, utility costs, etc.2013(25 year)Consolidated balance sheetThen,Operating revenueThere was an operating loss (about 1650 billion yen) against about 241 billion yen.後述する経営安定基金の運用益収入などの政策的補填によるBy policy compensation such as operating profit income of the management stability fund described laterNon-operating income(About 259 billion yen) barelyOrdinary profit(About 17 billion yen) has been secured, but finally net loss (about 26 billion yen)[Annotation 4].

Of all 14 routes,2008(20) Degree by lineOperating coefficientIs in the black only 3 routes (Chitose Line,Kaikyo Line,Ishikatsu Line) Alone, occupies the worst 200 of the JR Group's approximately 3 routes (Rumoi Main Line,Hidaka Main Line,Senmo Main LineJR Hokkaido occupies the most 10 routes among the worst 5[Annotation 5].. In 2013 (Heisei 25)Transport densityEven in (average number of users per day per kilometer), about 1% of routes are below the profitable line of 1 people.[Newspaper 1].

In FY2014, the operating balance of all sections was announced, and all sections were in the red.[Press 1][Newspaper 2].. The operating deficit, including administrative expenses, totaled 400 billion yen, with an operating coefficient of 154. All sections were in deficit except for the section in the Sapporo area, excluding administrative expenses. In addition, unlike in 2008,KitacaArea (Chitose Line,Hakodate honsen,Satanuma LineIt is necessary to keep in mind that some of the sections) do not have operating income by line. Rumoi Main Line which was abolished in 2016 (Heisei 28)Rumoi Station - Mashike StationDuring that time, the operating ratio was 4161, and the average number of passengers per day was 1 or less at 9 of the 7 stations, of which 10 were less than 5.

Competition with highway buses and private cars

JR Hokkaido has a chronic deficit because it uses railroads even in the metropolitan areas of Hokkaido such as Sapporo and Muroran.Express BusThere is little demand for people who do not ride, although they are half or inferior in use. ・ The background is the resident nature of using private cars even over 300km.Even in the section that crosses the four-hour barrier, which is the dividing line between railway and aircraft selection, there is no big difference in the number of railway and highway bus users in Hokkaido.Railroad use is barely superior only to Hakodate and Muroran, but bus use is clearly superior in other areas of Hokkaido such as Wakkanai, Abashiri, and Kushiro.A local voice also said, "I don't want to be asked if it's gone, but I rarely get on it."YubariButIshikatsu LineThere was concern that access would be inconvenient due to the discontinuation of the Yubari branch line, but there was already an advantageous means of transportation called a highway bus, and this was not a problem in local life.A local government official in Eastern Hokkaido said, "At present, JR is" small in number "," high "," not so fast ", and" short in obi and long in sash ". You also have the option of flying to Chitose / Okadama Airport. "[5].

Since the establishment of the company, as a countermeasure against competing transportation such as highway buses and air, new vehicles (785 seriesElectric train,281 seriesSpeed ​​up by introducing railcars, etc.,Discount ticketWe have been trying to increase profits by developing various products such as. On the other hand, the regionLocal line areaInOne-man drivingThe number of employees, and halved the number of employees from 14,000 at that time to 7,100[Newspaper 3], We have implemented thorough cost cuts such as personnel cost reduction by outsourcing various sales and track maintenance work. other than this,JR TowerRepresented byStation building-Real estateWe have made efforts to generate profits from related businesses. However, including free sections in Hokkaidohighway(Hokkaido Expressway,Doto ExpresswayEtc.) are scheduled to be opened one after another, and further difficulties are expected to continue.

Business problems

As mentioned above, in HokkaidoSapporo metropolitan areaLimited express that connects major cities in HokkaidoLocal lineAre running in large numbers and are indispensable for supporting the lives and economy of the people of Hokkaido.infrastructureIs.However, these lines are significantly deteriorated, and there are problems such as breaks and cracks in the lines that may lead to major accidents.[Newspaper 4]("Frequent accidents and scandalsSee also section). In contrast, JR Hokkaido2015(27)3/20Has a five-year plan with renewed tracks such as renewal of aging vehicles such as the JNR type, maintenance of route facilities, employee training and human resource development.Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismHave submitted to[Press 2].. Also, on November 11 of the same yearKiha 40 series diesel trainMarch 2016, 28 due to the deterioration ofTimetable revisionAnnounced that it is explaining to the local governments along the line that it is considering reducing the number of trains for all 79 trains.[Press 3].. In addition,2017(29) From now on, a prototype of a new general railcar for replacement of old Kiha 40 series2019(Heisei 31/Reiwa XNUMX) Plan to launch mass-produced vehicles[Press 4],Time schedule revision on March 2020, 2 (3nd year of Reiwa)Started commercial operation[6].

Even for limited express trains, when replacing old carsKiha 261 seriesThe number of new formations in the 1000s cannot be expected from the budget side,Kiha 183 seriesDue to the fact that there are vehicles with severe conditions such as (0's) and the number of passengers of limited express trains is decreasing due to the extension of high-standard roads, we have no choice but to revise the limited express train schedule on the assumption that the number of used vehicles will decrease. Consideration for residents along the line is being considered in the direction of reducing trains rather than abolishing trains[Press 5][Newspaper 5].

And while considering the review of the number of trains due to the deterioration of the vehicles mentioned above and the abolition of stations with extremely few users,[Press 6]2015 before the opening of the Hokkaido Shinkansen11/6As for the financial results for the second quarter of 27, which was announced in the previous fiscal year, the operating loss of the main business of the railway business was worse than that of the previous year as a result of higher costs for preparations for opening the Shinkansen[Press 7].. In addition, regarding the income and expenditure assumption in JR Hokkaido, 2016 (28)- 2018(30), a negative balance is expected in the deduction profit/loss[Press 8].

The opening of the Hokkaido Shinkansen does not immediately improve the management of JR Hokkaido, but rather it will be a burden for the time being.The estimated occupancy rate is 26%, and the annual deficit of 50 billion yen is expected to continue.In addition, it opened on March 1988, 63 (Showa 3).Seikan Tunnel21 billion yen annually to maintain[Newspaper 6].

The Hokkaido Shinkansen's balance of payments in 2016 (28) is about 110 billion yen in revenues such as fare, and we expect expenditure of about 160 billion yen against this.[Newspaper 7].. Partly because of that effect, the current account deficit for the first time in four years was also recorded in the 2015 (27) results at JR Hokkaido, and the consolidated deficit deteriorated by 4 billion yen.[Press 9].

Furthermore, in 2016 (28), it has been 30 years since its inception, and while usage is increasing in the Sapporo area, usage is decreasing outside the Sapporo area. Within SapporoIshikari Promotion BureauThis is because the population decline outside of the area will have an impact, and the line segment, which is more convenient and more efficient than rail transport, is being polarized, as opposed to rail transport, which is suitable for high-speed and mass transport. In addition, there are many railway facilities at the time of railway opening, and due to aging and aging, there is also a factor that a large cost burden is required for maintenance. As measures to achieve this, we plan to realize realization of profits from the Management Stabilization Fund, sale of shares of group companies, sale of land/buildings (accommodation facilities), efficiency of railway business, and efficiency of group companies through merger.[Press 10][Press 11].

At the president's press conference on March 2017, 29, the number of passengers increased by 3% compared to the previous year due to the opening of the Hokkaido Shinkansen.[Press 12]Nevertheless, in addition to the 100 billion yen decrease in revenue,2016 Typhoon No. 10Due to the increase in recovery costs centering on the non-passage line, operating revenue is expected to be 909 billion yen. Therefore, even if there was a profit from the management stability fund, a subsidy from the government, the sale of assets, and the efficiency of management, it was the final deficit for the second consecutive year. On the other hand, in addition to the deterioration of the above-mentioned lines, concrete fragments dropped from viaducts on the Hakodate Main Line and Chitose Line one after another.[Press 13][Press 14][Press 15]As a safety measure toShin-Sapporo StationCentered onChitose Line Ofviaduct OfShockproofIt is a situation that must be strengthened[Newspaper 8]..In terms of budget, safety-related investment amounted to 295 billion yen.Capital investment including this safety-related investment is planned to increase by 2016 million yen from FY2 to 346 billion yen, and 2017 billion yen (half of that) out of 530 billion yen of support for safety investment and repairs received from the national government in FY316. 158 billion yen is an interest-free loan that needs to be repaid).In addition, borrowings increased by 2017% to 30 billion yen at the end of 1046, and it is expected that it will exceed 2019 billion yen by the end of 1400, when some government support will end. Aiming to secure[Newspaper 9].

These "improvement measures" and "efficiency" include reduction of railway lines, station and abolition, and transfer to local areas.In 2014, before and after the abolition of the Rumoi Station on the Rumoi Main Line-Mashike StationEsashi LineKikonai Station - Esashi StationIn the meantime, in 2019Ishikatsu LineShin-Yubari Station - Yubari StationBetween (Yubari branch line), in 2020Satanuma LineHokkaido Medical University Station - Shintotsugawa StationRailway service ended between[Newspaper 10]..Routes with low operating ratios do not recover even if they are suspended due to a disaster, and there are cases where bus conversion is proposed to the local community. In January 2015High wavesHidaka Main Line, which was suspended due to the disasterMukawa Station - Samani StationBetweenBus agencyAfter that, the bus will be converted in 2021[Newspaper 11].Nemuro Main LineOf which, it was suspended due to heavy rain in 2016Higashishiakoshi Station - Shintoku StationJR Hokkaido is proposing a bus conversion to the locals who are seeking restoration even in the meantime[Newspaper 12].

The timetable revision in the spring of 2021 plans to abolish 18 stations, which is the largest number ever, shift to local management of 18 stations, and reduce train flights.Epidemic of new coronavirus infectionThe business environment is becoming more difficult due to the decrease in passenger demand due to[Newspaper 13]. "#Publication of difficult-to-maintain routesWill be described later in the section.

Management stability fund

As shown in the business overview section, a severe business environment is expected from the beginning of the company, and management is not established at all on an operating income basis, so as a national policy management support scheme,Management stability fund[Annotation 6] Is provided. furtherProperty taxWe are receiving various support measures such as reduction of taxes. Also, JR Shikoku andJapan Freight RailwayIndependent administrative agency similar to (JR Freight)Railway Construction/Transport Facility Development Support OrganizationJNR Clearing Business HeadquartersJapan National Railways Clearing Corporation)ButstockWe own 100%, and as of 2013 (Heisei 25)Stock listingIs not in sight[Annotation 7].

Bubble economyCompared to the time when the company was established, it took about 25 years to reach the market.interest rateHas fallen sharply (as an example)BOJAnnouncementLong-term prime rateFell from 1987% in March 3 to 5.2% in April 2013 (Heisei 25), and the operating profit expected when the initial scheme was formulated has decreased significantly. Considering the fact that there is no big improvement factor for sales for the time being,2011In June 23, the management stability fund was added (repayed 6 years later) under the revised National Railways Debt Handling Law. In addition, based on the 20 billion yen interest-free loan from the Railway and Transportation Organization,BondA new scheme has been established to obtain the bond interest rate instead of substituting it by purchasing (an annual rate of 10% fixed for 2.5 years) (the bond interest rate of 55 billion yen per year is recorded as ordinary profit). At the same time, a 600 billion yen subsidy and interest-free loan (1/2 subsidy, 1/2 interest-free loan) were provided to replace the aging equipment.

Furthermore, on July 2018, 7, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism announced a plan to provide JR Hokkaido with financial assistance of about 28 billion yen in FY 2019-2020 as safety investment costs, while seeking management improvement efforts.[Newspaper 14].

Individual sales measures, etc.

The business isShin-Aomori Station(Aomori) BordersEast Japan RailwayIt is often affiliated with (JR East) and has become an important management partner, such as launching travel products jointly planned by the two companies. On March 2, 2016 (Heisei 28)Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto StationOpened up toHokkaido Shinkansen TheTohoku ShinkansenMutual withDirect operationIt is carried out. JR East also dispatches engineers and management personnel who are responsible for safety.[Newspaper 15]But already2002(14)6/21Compared to JR East, which has achieved complete privatization and has a solid management base, there is a big difference in the business environment.

Introduced by JR EastSuicaNon-contact type similar toIC card ticketAs,2008(20)10/25"KitacaWas introduced at 55 stations in the Sapporo area[Annotation 8][Press 18][Press 19].2009(21)3/14From the mutual use with "Suica"[Press 20][Press 21],2013(25)3/23ToPASMO,sense of,TOICA,PiTaPa,ICOCA,Hayakaken,nimoca,SUGOCAMutual use has become possible with[Press 22].. On the other hand,Sapporo City Transportation Bureau(Sapporo Municipal Subway-Sapporo tram)ofSAPICAWhat is 2013 (Heisei 25)6/22Single use has started, but mutual use is undecided at this time.

In Hokkaido1968(Showa 43)- 1980(Showa 55)DooIn the districtElectrificationHowever, all electrified sections except the Seikan TunnelNon-electrifiedFocusing on limited express due to direct connection to the sectionRailcarMany trains are operating.

station OfHomeInStation name markIs a design similar to that used at JR East stations in the 1990s[Annotation 9],West Japan Railway CompanyThere are three types of designs, one similar to that of (JR West Japan) and the other used only on the Hokkaido Shinkansen. Within the JR GroupSign systemAre not unified with clear manuals and design codes.[Annotation 10].. In the latter half of the Heisei period, there was a movement to replace the design similar to JR East mainly in the Sapporo area with a design similar to JR West (the background of the display part of the station next to both sides is filled with its own corporate color), In recent years, there is a tendency to cancel new adoption of designs similar to JR West.New Chitose Airport StationUsed a design similar to JR West at the time of opening, but was replaced with a design similar to JR East around the summer of 2011.[Annotation 11].. The station name mark was renewed due to the overpassAsahikawa StationAnd Shin-Hakodate Hokuto Station (Conventional lineHome) also adopted a design similar to JR East.

2006(18) October,Railway Technical Research Institute-Kawasaki Heavy IndustriesJointly developed withHybrid body tilt system"announced. This is the conventional natural pendulum (curve guide) type with control,Air springIt is the world's first technology that combines a pressure-controlled body tilting system, and achieves a maximum tilt of 8 degrees, which exceeds the conventional pendulum type.Center of gravityIt is possible to further improve the speed of the curved portion while suppressing the movement of the vehicle and maintaining the riding comfort. To coincide with the opening of Shin-Hakodate Hokuto Station on the Hokkaido Shinkansen in 2015 (Heisei 27)Hakodate Station ――Aiming to introduce it to the limited express train between Sapporo Station, if it is put into practical use, the maximum speed of 140 on almost all lines km / h Driving is possible, and it was expected that the time required between Hakodate Station and Sapporo Station would be reduced by about 20 minutes. Trial productionTrolleyTheKiha 283 seriesA running test was conducted on one railcar, but after the test was completed, it was returned to normal operation. Next-generation vehicles in September 1Kiha 285 seriesAlthough a prototype vehicle of the above has been completed, there are a number of accidents and scandals as will be described later, so safety is prioritized over speed improvement, and the existingKiha 261 seriesDevelopment was discontinued because the policy was changed to continue with[Press 23][Newspaper 16], How to use the prototype car was also examined[Press 23][Newspaper 16][Newspaper 17]But never used2017(29) Dismantled and disposed of in March[Newspaper 18].

In addition, JR Hokkaido is a vehicle that can run on both railway tracks and roads from 2015 (27) with the goal of commercialization and operation start around 2002 (14) at the earliest.Dual mode vehicle (DMV) was being developed. For this reason as well, for the same reason, announced on September 2013, 25 that the work to select the service line section was suspended.[Newspaper 19]The preparation work including the trial run was frozen at the end of March 2014 (Heisei 26)[Newspaper 20][Newspaper 21], Announced in September of the same year that it will give up[Newspaper 22]In addition, in August 2015, the following year,Accident or scandalTherefore, in order to concentrate management resources on safety measures and the Hokkaido Shinkansen, it was decided that it would not be possible to continue to invest more money in DMV development, so it would be necessary to abandon commercialization itself and withdraw from the DMV business. Announced[Newspaper 20][Newspaper 21].. The related data accumulated by JR Hokkaido during the development process will be provided to the outside upon request.[Newspaper 21], In February 2017,Tokushima OfAsa Kaigan RailwayAt2020It was announced that the DMV will start operating for the first time in the world.[Newspaper 23], End of operation of conventional railcars at the end of November 2020[Newspaper 24], DMV introduction work is in full swing.

In the trainNon smokingRegarding conversion,2004(16) February 3Timetable revisionLimited express"Lilac" "Super White Arrow""Lily of the valley"WhenSpecial rapid"KitamiAll cars are non-smoking[Press 24], 20063/18From the timetable revision, all trains and express trains completed in HokkaidoHamanasuWas quit smoking[Press 25][Press 26].. Furthermore, with the timetable revision of JR East on March 2007, 19, JR East also decided to completely quit smoking on limited express trains."Super Swan" "Swan"Was quit smoking[Press 27].. After that, by train running in HokkaidoSmoking carTrains withExpress train with sleeping berths"Hokutosei""Cassiopeia""Twilight express"Twilight Express"2015(27) The service ends on March 3th[Press 28], "Hokutosei" ended regular service on March 3, the same year[Press 29], August 8 of the same yearUeno StationDeparture ・ August 8 Temporary service ends at the end of departure from Sapporo Station[Press 30], Sleeper limited express "Cassiopeia"2016(28)3/20From Ueno Station3/21The last service from Sapporo Station[Press 31],same year3/26Was abolished by the time schedule revision[Press 32]As a result, all trains for general sale in Hokkaido are now non-smoking. Also,Electronic cigaretteAbout 2009 (Heisei 21)5/1More prohibited[Press 33].. However, after June 2016 (Heisei 28)E26 series passenger carUseGroup train"Cassiopeia Travelogue" and "Cassiopeia Cruise" may be operated in Hokkaido[Press 34], These group-only trains are the only trains in Hokkaido where smoking is possible.However, as a group special train tour, the operation by E2017 series passenger cars in Hokkaido has ended with the first train from Sapporo Station on February 2, 26.[7][Press 35].

Announcement of routes that are difficult to maintain

On November 2016, 28 (Heisei 11), President Osamu Shimada and others held a press conference, and it was said that it would be difficult for JR Hokkaido alone to maintain about 16km, which is half of the 2,500km or more currently operating. Clarified that financial support from local governments is indispensable when switching to buses and operating[Press 36][Press 37].

Average number of passengers per 1km of routeTransport densityThe target is for routes with less than 2,000 people, especially conversion of three sections with less than 200 people to buses, and other sections are seeking financial support from the local government and will proceed with discussions in the future.

On the other hand, on November 11th,Hokkaido Economic FederationChairman Kenyu Takahashi of the group compiled a "Summary of "Proposals" about the way of public transportation network in Hokkaido", and set the track usage fee in the section where JR Freight is used as a second-class railway business line by Hokkaido branch office. Since it is at a low level, it was decided to review the system and request the government to provide support measures. In addition, a “social capital project team” consisting of researchers and member companies (chairperson=Yoshii Ishii-Hokkaido UniversityGraduate School of Public PolicyThe director of the hospital was established, and surveys and research were conducted for about a year. In the process, a comprehensive discussion was made by the business community on the privatization of airports in recent years, which entrusted the operation of airports to the private sector. As a result, in the future development of Hokkaido in food-related industries and tourism as key industries, it was necessary to develop and utilize alternative methods and mutual complements for roads, railways, aviation and ports.[Newspaper 25].

At the Regional Public Transportation Review Conference on March 2017, 3, considering the fact that the routes that are difficult to maintain have been announced due to the business conditions of JR Hokkaido, we plan to formulate a new transportation policy during FY28. did. This report draft assumes 2017 when the Hokkaido Shinkansen will be opened in Sapporo, and the transportation network within the city will be closely linked to "main transportation" between core cities, "wide area transportation" supporting tourism movement, and life of municipalities. It is categorized into 2030 "Municipal transportation" and it is supposed that the most suitable transportation and business should be allocated. Regarding aviation, we are looking for initiatives to stimulate demand and attract routes considering the increase in foreign visitors to Japan.[Newspaper 26].

On May 2017, 5, of the line areas designated as difficult-to-maintain routesSoya Main Line,Nemuro Main Line(Takigawa Station-Furano Stationwhile),Ishikita Main Line,Senmo Main Line,Muroran Main Line,Hidaka Main Line,Furano Line OfMujin-ekiAnnounced that it will be open to local governments for the purpose of utilizing it for local PR, sales, events, conference rooms, etc.[Press 38][Newspaper 27].

On October 2017, 10, it was the "line section with a transportation density of less than 12 people" among the above.Satanuma Line(Hokkaido Medical University Station- Shintotsugawa StationRegarding (between), the line section and management status are set to the cities and towns along the line, and the Nemuro Main Line (Furano Station- Shintoku StationRegarding (between), the Nemuro Main Line Countermeasures Council (office level review meeting) will be informed, and the Rumoi Main Line will explain the status of the line to the municipalities along the line.In addition, discussions have begun with municipalities along the railway line.Ishikatsu Line(Shin-Yubari Station- Yubari StationWe are considering discussions on bus conversion, and Hidaka Main Line (Mukawa Station- Samani StationAbout (between) bus conversion support andDMV-BRT-Shared busThe alternative transportation system in Japan will be discussed on the direction policy.In addition, regarding the Soya Main Line, Sekihoku Main Line, and Semmo Main Line, which are "lines with a transportation density of 200 or more and less than 2000," the promotion of use at each line council was explained, and the Nemuro Main Line (other than between Furano Station and Shintoku Station) was explained. ) Explains the line section and management status at the "Nemuro Main Line Countermeasures Council" and explains the Hidaka Main Line (Tomakomai Station-For (between Mukawa Station), we decided to explain the management information to each city and town.[Press 39].

On December 2017, 12, the volunteers of the JR Hokkaido Revitalization Conference issued a statement to JR Hokkaido and the Governor of Hokkaido, the mayors of the municipalities of Hokkaido, the residents and the Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. For JR Hokkaido, we demand a thorough attitude to disclose to the residents what they can and cannot do, good and bad information as a business operator, and proactively offer “more convenient” and “specific proposals” for routes that cannot be maintained. In response, JR Hokkaido announced that it will create a system that can not stand the country[Press 40].

Frequent accidents and scandals

Since around 2010 (Heisei 22), there have been frequent events that cast a shadow over the business management and safety management aspects of the company. 2011 (Heisei 23)5/27ToDerailment fire accident of the limited express "Super Ozora 14" on the Ishikatsu Line(39 injured)[Press 41][Press 42].. Signal failure after that[Press 43]And driver's dozing[Press 44],XNUMX agreementViolation (illegal overtime)[Press 45]Such as seriousincident・ Scandals are discovered one after another,Minister of Land, Infrastructure and TransportからBusiness improvement orderIs receiving[Press 46].. Regarding the vehicle inspection conducted by JR Hokkaido in 2011, 23% out of a total of 3,100 inspections did not comply with internal standards, for example, some inspection items were not yet implemented. ,Accounting OfficeIt was pointed out in November 2012[Newspaper 28].. According to a summary by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, transportation obstacles caused by JR Hokkaido itself, such as defects in vehicles and equipment, for five years until 2011 (23)SuspensionOr 30 minutes or more) is about twice the average of the other 5 JR passengers.[Newspaper 29][Newspaper 30], JR Hokkaido employees also said, "The number of employees is being reduced and it is necessary.Track maintenance"The work is not perfect", and there are voices pointing out the exhaustion of the site due to the rationalization that has continued for many years.[Newspaper 31].

September 2011, 23 (Heisei 9) He was the then presidentTakatoshi Nakajima MissingAnd was found dead on September 9 of the same year.[Newspaper 32].. Nakajima's successor affairs got difficultAkio KoikeThe chairman will be reappointed as the president, but during that time, the president will be absent for about two months.Corporate governanceThe situation in general remains uneasy, and the regular time in 2013General meeting of shareholdersAs a result, Makoto Nojima was newly appointed as the managing director from the managing director, and Koike was in charge of returning to the chairman position.

Even in 2013 (Heisei 25), the limited express train on the Muroran Main Line runs with the passenger's 20s woman's arm in the door.[Newspaper 33].. In SeptemberExpress train fire accident, In August and September, freight trains running due to track maintenance mistakes for two consecutive monthsDerailment,OtherDriver OfStimulantUsed by the driver onboard the vehicleATSAccidents and scandals such as damaging[Newspaper 34]..In January of the same year,railWith the problem of neglecting the abnormality ofRailway Business LawAgain special security by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism based onauditEntered[Press 47][Press 48][Newspaper 35][Newspaper 35].

Although the relationship with the series of scandals is not clearly known, he has contributed to the planning of the Hokkaido Shinkansen as a consultant of JR Hokkaido on January 2014, 26.Shinichi SakamotoIs HokkaidoShishi jurisdictionYoichi-gunYoichi TownIt was discovered as a corpse at Noyoichi Port[Newspaper 36].. The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism occurred on September 21, 2013 (Heisei 25) on September 9, 19.Hakodate Line freight train derailment accidentOrganize and analyze the results of three special security audits, etc."Measures to be taken to ensure the safety of JR Hokkaido-To the revitalization of JR Hokkaido-" (PDF) Compiled and announced[Press 49].. This clarified that the country would be involved in the rehabilitation of JR Hokkaido, and also stipulated that the rehabilitation status would be monitored for the next five years. Based on this document, the government renewed its management team on April 5, 2014, rejuvenating top management and externalizing from JR East.SecondedWas appointed to the main post.

On October 2014th, 26,Tomakomai Station,Ishikari Tobetsu Station,Shintotsugawa StationIt has been revealed by the point of the Accounting Inspection Office that inspections and repairs were not carried out on 11 sub-main lines such as[Press 50][Newspaper 37].

On October 2015th, 27,Seikan TunnelLimited express withinSuper swanSmoke was generated from under the floor of car 34 of "No. 5"Ryuhi fixed pointFrom (former Ryuhi Submarine Station)AomoriAn accident occurred in which an emergency stop occurred in a tunnel about 1 km to the side.The situation where train passengers evacuated from inside the Seikan Tunnel has been since the tunnel opened in March 1988 (Showa 63).There are 3 passengers and 124 crew members on the train, and they get off at the guidance of the crew members and walk from the accident point to the former Ryuhi Submarine Station.Further cable car (Seikan Tunnel Ryuhi Diversion Line) Used to evacuate all passengers to the ground[Press 51][Newspaper 38][Newspaper 39].

On April 2016, 28 (Heisei 4) after the opening of the Hokkaido Shinkansen, based on the accident so far, the fire engine, JR Hokkaido,Donan Isaribi Railway(Hokkaido ShinkansenParallel conventional lineDecided to conclude an agreement on safety measures related to railway disasters by the three parties (successor to the former Esashi Line).We requested the railway company to "immediately report" to the fire department when a problem occurred, and decided to provide the site information necessary for firefighting activities as much as possible.[Newspaper 40].

From Chitose Station to Sapporo Station on June 2016, 6local train Naebo StationAt 200 moverrunThen, it stopped urgently, but JR Hokkaido did not announce it because there was no delay of 30 minutes or more.Also, at the end of May, there was an overrun at the station, but the company did not announce this either.Even now, overruns of JR Hokkaido occur frequently.

2017年(平成29年)3月28日発表の事業計画によると、2018年3月期(2017年度)には2016年度よりも22%増の民営化過去最大の295億円の安全投資を行う。この295億円の内訳は輸送設備の維持更新が6 %増の180億円、車両更新が58 %増の115億円である。高速軌道検測車を新調(Maya 34 typeon behalfMaya 35 typeIntroduced[Press 52]) In addition, the track maintenance management system developed by JR East was gradually introduced over two years,Tablet terminalPrevents data tampering by sharing inspection data between the management department and the construction department. Even with the strengthening of civil engineering structures,PC枕木It was decided to implement the introduction and restore trust. In addition, it expects a budget of 2015 billion yen for safety measures and repair plans over the five years from the fiscal year ending March 3. Even in the vehicle aging countermeasure, 5 carsGeneral formOf the diesel railcars, there are 32 cars, which is 67% of the cars that have been in use for 138 years, so it will be jointly developed with JR East.Electric trainThe "Super Hokuto", whose demand for limited express trains has increased due to the opening of the Hokkaido Shinkansen, has been introduced on a trial basis.Kiha 261 seriesThe plan to replace with[Newspaper 9].

On August 2017, 8, Sapporo CityAtsubetsu WardHakodate Main LineAtsubetsu StationShinrinkouen StationBetweenTakigawa StationThere was a problem that smoke came out from the switchboard of the regular train to go and the inside of the train was filled with smoke.[Newspaper 41].

On November 2018, 30 (Heisei 11), on the side of the railroad track at Shin-Sapporo Station on the Chitose Line in Atsubetsu-ku, SapporoAn accident that a traffic signal suddenly collapsed and blocked the upper and lower tracksOccurs,Transportation Safety CommitteeWas identified as a serious incident that could lead to a serious accident.

Head office/branch office

Past Chairman/President

Past President of Hokkaido Railway Company
AlgebraNameTerm of officeAlma mater
First generation1987-1991Faculty of Law, Tokyo Imperial University
2nd generationShigeru Suzuki1991-1996Tokyo University of Commerce(CurrentHitotsubashi University
3nd generationYoshihiro Omori1996-2002Faculty of Law, University of Tokyo
4nd generationShinichi Sakamoto2003-2007Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University
5nd generationAkio Koike2007-2011Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo
6nd generationHirohiko Kakinuma2011-2013Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University
7nd generationAkio Koike2013-2014Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo
8nd generation2014-2018Faculty of Engineering, University of Tokyo
9nd generation2018-Faculty of Science, University of Tokyo
Past President of Hokkaido Railway Company
AlgebraNameTerm of officeAlma mater
First generationYoshihiro Omori[Newspaper 42]1987-1996Faculty of Law, University of Tokyo
2nd generationShinichi Sakamoto[Newspaper 36]1996-2003Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University
3nd generationAkio Koike2003-2007Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo
4nd generationTakatoshi Nakajima[Newspaper 32]2007-2011Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo
5nd generationAkio Koike2011-2013Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo
6nd generation2013-2014Faculty of Engineering, University of Tokyo
7nd generation2014-Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo

History

  • 1987(Showa62 years)
  • 1988(63)
  • 1989(HeiseiFirst year)
  • 1990(2)9/1: Amend timetable.
    • Limited express "White Arrow"785 seriesA train was introduced and the limited express "Super white arrow"Started as Express "Chitose" and "Sorachi" were integrated into the limited express "Lilac" and abolished.
    • Limited expressSky"ofObihiro StationThe departure and arrival trains are separated, and the limited express "Tokachi"Started as Express "Katsukatsu" and rapid "Tokachi"Hunting] To reorganize.
    • The nicknames for the rapid trains on the Soya Main Line "Phiashiri", "Enrei", "Suzuishi", and "Tesiogawa" have been unified, and the rapid trainsNayoroIt becomes.
  • 1991(3)7/27: Amend timetable. Limited express "Tokachi" is renamed "Super Tokachi".
  • 1992(4)
    • 3/14 : NocturnalExpress "Heavy Snow" was incorporated into the limited express "Okhotsk" (No. 9/10) and abolished.
    • 7/1: Amend timetable.
  • 1993(5)3/18: Timetable revision.Night express "MarimoWas incorporated as Limited Express "Oozora" No. 13/14 and abolished.
  • 1994(6)
  • 1995(7)
  • 1996(8)
  • 1997(9)
    • 3/22: Amend timetable. Part of the limited express "Ozora"283 seriesA diesel train was introduced and started operation as a limited express "Super Ozora". A part of the limited express "Super Tokachi" started operating again as the limited express "Tokachi".201 seriesDiesel cars are in commercial operation.
    • April 4: Fares revised due to consumption tax increase.
  • 1998(10)
  • 1999(11)7/16:Express train with sleeping berths"Cassiopeia"start operation. Along with this, the regular operation of the sleeper limited express "Hokutosei" has been reduced to 2 round trips.
  • 2000(12)
    • 3/11: Timetable revision[Press 53].
      • Express "Soya" "Poem"To261 seriesA diesel train (basic number) was introduced, and a limited express "Super Soya"Started operation.Express "Sarobetsu" "RishiriWas changed to a limited express train.
      • Rapid "Marine Liner" is rapid "Airport" "Niseko linerIt was reorganized into "and abolished."
    • April 4: Bus businessJR Hokkaido BusTransferred to.
  • 2001(13)
    • 6/22: AmendmentJR Corporate LawWas enforced (established on June 2001, 6).Although the three companies in Honshu were excluded from the application of this law, the guidelines stipulate the maintenance of cooperative relationships between JR Mishima companies, including JR Hokkaido, and JR Freight.
    • July 7: Revision of timetable[Press 54].
      • Limited express "Oozora" is unified into limited express "Super Oozora". Separation of the night train limited express "Oozora" Nos. 13 and 14 as the limited express "Marimo".
      • As a reserved seat on the limited express "Lilac"u sheetIs introduced. Changed the train type of "Ishikari Liner" from rapid train to rapid train.
  • 2002(14)12/1: Timetable revision[Press 55].. The limited express "Hatsukari" and the rapid "Kaikyo" were abolished, and the limited express "Shiratori" by 485 series trains,789 seriesLimited express by train (basic number)Super swan"start operation.
  • 2003(15)3/6: Sapporo Station South ExitStation building"JR Tower”Opened.
  • 2004(16)
    • Vehicles that can travel on both railroads and roadsDual mode vehicle Published (DMV).
    • July 3: Revision of timetable[Press 24].. All cars of the limited express "Lilac", "Super White Arrow", "Suzuran" and the special rapid "Kitami" are non-smoking.
  • 2006(18) March 3: Time schedule revision[Press 26].. For night trains, we have abandoned Hakodate trains on the limited express "Nihonkai". The limited express "Rishiri" was changed to the temporary limited express "Hanatabashi Rishiri" and the limited express "Okhotsk" (No. 9/10) to the temporary limited express "Okhotsk" (No. 81). No smoking on all trains completed in Hokkaido[Press 25].
  • 2007(19)
    • March 3th: Continuing from all trains completed in Hokkaido in the previous year, all limited express trains except sleeper trains will be smoke-free[Press 27].
    • September 9: The temporary limited express "Hanataburi Rishiri" is closed[Press 56].
    • July 10: Revision of timetable[Press 57].. With the start of commercial operation of 789 series trains (1000 series), the limited express "Lilac" and "Super White Arrow" were integrated,Super Kamui"start operation.781 seriesThe operation of the train ends. 261 series diesel cars (1000 series) are introduced in "Super Tokachi". As for night trains, the temporary limited express "Okhotsk" 81 was abolished and the limited express "Marimo" was changed to a temporary train.[Press 56].. From the same dayStation numberingImplement[Press 58].. Some limited express trains, trains, 201 series automatic broadcastingJunko KatoからToshio Ohashi,Gene Wilsonchange to.
  • 2008(20)
    • 3/15: Timetable revision[Press 59].. Due to the construction of the Hokkaido Shinkansen in the Seikan Tunnel, one round trip (formerly No. 1 and 1) of the sleeper limited express "Hokutosei" was abolished and the regular operation was reduced to one round trip.
    • 3/16: Driving of the overnight limited express "Okhotsk" (81) ended[Press 56].
    • September 9: Operation of the special limited express "Marimo" is completed. As a result, the night limited express train that was completed in Hokkaido disappeared[Press 56][Press 60][Press 61].
    • 10/16: Hotel "JR Inn Sapporo" opens.
    • 10/25: IC card ticket in the Sapporo areaKitacaIntroduced (Kitaca)[Annotation 8][Press 18][Press 19].
  • 2009(21)
    • March 3: Kitaca and JR East IC card ticketsSuicaStart of mutual use with[Press 20][Press 21].
    • 9/30: Only on this day, from the limited express on the conventional line only within the jurisdiction of HokkaidoPublic phoneCompletely abolished the service (excluding trains that straddle two or more companies such as JR East)[Press 62].
    • 10/1: Timetable revision[Press 63]..The limited express "Tokachi" is unified into the limited express "Super Tokachi".
  • 2010(22)
  • 2011(23)
  • 2012(24)
  • 2013(25)
  • 2014(26)
    • 1/14: Former CEOShinichi SakamotoDied (is it suicide)[Newspaper 36].
    • 2/10: To the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism for the reason that the inspection was disturbed by falsification of rail inspection data.Railway Business LawBeing accused of violating.
    • March 3: Lowered the maximum speed of the limited express "Super Soya"[Press 71].
    • April 4: Fares revised due to consumption tax increase.
    • February 5:Esashi Line Kikonai Station-Abolished between Esashi Station[8][Press 72].
    • 7/19: 733 series trains (3000 series) start commercial operation[Press 73].
    • 8/30: Timetable revision[Press 74].. Lowered the maximum speed of limited express "Super Tokachi" and rapid "Airport". Stopped using the body tilting device of the 261 series diesel trains (basic series/1000 series) used in the limited express "Super Soya" and "Super Tokachi".
    • 12/22: Part of the JR Hokkaido reservation service "sleeper limited express reservation" and "limited express train vacant seat information" service ended[Press 75].
  • 2015(27)
    • March 3: Sleeper limited express "Twilight Express" abolished[Press 28].
    • July 3: Revision of timetable[Press 29].. Regular operation of sleeper limited express "Hokutosei" is completed.711 seriesThe train has finished commercial operation.
    • 8/21-22 Day: Completed the operation of the sleeper limited express "Hokutosei"[Press 30].
  • 2016(28)
  • 2017(29)
    • March 3: The nicknames of "Lilac" and "Daisetsu" are restored due to the timetable revision. Sapporo Station- Wakkanai Station-Abashiri StationWe have reduced the number of round trips for direct express trains between the two and connected some of them to "Lilac" at Asahikawa Station. In addition, the limited express "Super Kamui" has been renamed to "Kamuy" and the limited express "Suzuran"L limited expressAbolished designation[Press 82].
    • May 5: JR East's cruise train "starting operation on May 2"TRAIN SUITE ShikishimaStarted on the JR Hokkaido route[Press 83].
    • May 5: Announced to open unmanned stations on difficult-to-maintain routes (excluding Rumoi Main Line, Nemuro Main Line (Furano-Shintoku Line) and Satsunuma Line) to local governments, etc.[Press 38].
    • August 8: Regular train departing from Sapporo Station at 7:8 to Takikawa Station (721 series vehicle3 car formation)Atsubetsu Station --At the Nishi-dori railroad crossing between Shinrinkoen Station, smoke is emitted from the third air-conditioning switchboard.[Press 84].. 721 series vehicles that use the same type of switchboard by the next morning,785 series vehicleFinished the inspection[Press 85].
    • December 12: Received a statement from volunteers of the JR Hokkaido Revitalization Conference[Press 40].
  • 2018(30)
    • March 3: Due to the time schedule revision, the limited express "Hokuto" was replaced with a 17 series diesel car, and unified into a "Super Hokuto"[Newspaper 47].
    • 6/17: Taguma Line (between Hokkaido Medical University Station and Shin-Totsukawa Station), Rumoi Main Line (between Fukagawa Station and Rumoi Station),Nemuro Main Line(Between Furano Station and Shintoku Station),Hidaka Main LineShows policy to abolish (between Mukawa Station and Samani Station) by 2020[10].
    • 9/6: Occurred in the dawnHokkaido Iburi Eastern EarthquakeSuspended on all lines of JR Hokkaido due to. The operation will be resumed sequentially on some routes from the 7th of the following day.
  • 2019(31/ ReiwaFirst year)
    • February 2st: A short post site for when a large-scale disaster occurs or when you decide to cancel or cancel driving in advance.Twitter"Starts distribution of train operation information[Press 86].
    • March 3: Timetable revision.Increased the maximum operating speed in the Seikan Tunnel on the Hokkaido Shinkansen to 16km / h, between Tokyo Station and Shin-Hakodate Hokuto StationHayabusaThe fastest train runs in 3 hours 58 minutes[Press 87].
    • April 4: Sekisho Line Shin-Yubari Station-Yubari Station (Yubari Branch Line) abolished[8][Press 88].
    • July-September: JR East sightseeing train on the Soya Main LineView coaster styleDriving a temporary train "Fukkosoya" using[Press 89].
    • October 10: Fares revised due to consumption tax increase[11].. Adopting the section system for kilometers for fares less than 100 kilometers[Press 90].
  • 2020(2nd year of Reiwa)
    • March 3: Due to the timetable revision, the number of express trains "Airport" will be increased to a maximum of 14 round trips per hour, and some trains (1 round trips in the morning and evening) will be classified as "Special Rapid Service".The section rapid train "Ishikari Liner" was downgraded to a regular train (local train) and abolished.The limited express "Super Hokuto", "Super Ozora" and "Super Tokachi" will be renamed to "Hokuto", "Ozora" and "Tokachi" respectively, and the limited express trains bearing "Super" will disappear from the jurisdiction.H100 type railcarStarted commercial operation[Press 91].
    • February 4:Impact of new coronavirus infectionThe schedule was moved ahead of schedule, and the final operation between Hokkaido Medical University Station on the Satsunuma Line and Shin-Totsugawa Station, and then suspended until the abolition date[Press 92][Newspaper 48].
    • May 5: Abolished between Hokkaido Medical University Station on the Taguma Line and Shin-Totsukawa Station[12][Press 93].
    • August-September:Tokyu-IzukyuTourist train ofTHE ROYAL EXPRESSDriving a group special train "THE ROYAL EXPRESS ~ HOKKAIDO CRUISE TRAIN ~" using[Press 94].
    • September-December: Developing a project to commemorate the 9th anniversary of the opening of the railway in Hokkaido[13]("Government-run Horonai RailwaySee also).

route

  • Total number of stations: 390 stations (as of June 2020, 6)[1]
    • Manned station: 101 station
    • Mujin-eki: 289 station
  • Signal fieldQuantity: 40 places

The line color is "Japan Railway Line Color ListSee.

Existing route

From October 2007, 19 (Heisei 10) on some routesStation numberingSystem has been introduced[Press 58].. Detail is"Hokkaido passenger railway station numberingSee.

SortRoute namesectionOperating kiloNickname/common nameRemarks
ShinkansenHokkaido ShinkansenShin-Aomori Station - Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto Station148.8 km New small and medium country signal field --The 85.5 km between Kikonai Station shares tracks and facilities with the Kaikyo Line.
Railway facilities are owned by the Railway and Transportation Organization.
Main lineHakodate honsenHakodate Station - Onuma Koen Station - Otaru Station - Asahikawa Station423.1 km  
Onuma Station - Oshima Sunahara Station - Mori Station35.3 kmSunahara Line 
Nanae Station -Onuma StationNone[*1].Fujishiro LineDownhill only
Nemuro Main LineTakigawa Station - Obihiro Station - Nemuro Station443.8 kmHanasaki Line(Kushiro Station -Nemuro station)Due to typhoon damage in August 2016Higashishiakoshi Station -Shintoku station is out of service (bus agency). There is a "bus conversion" policy between Furano Station and Shintoku Station[Press 36][Press 37].
[Press 39]It is also indicated that local government support and usage promotion are required for the remaining sections except between Shintoku station and Obihiro station.[Press 36][Press 37][Press 39].
Chitose LineNumanohata Station - Shiroishi Station56.6 km The JR track name is Numanobata Station- Naebo StationBetween 60.2km (Sapporo Freight Terminal Station --The area between Naebo Station overlaps with the Hakodate Main Line), but the basic business plan and "Railway handbook], It is said that the distance between Numanohata Station and Shiroishi Station is 56.6 km (the distance between Sapporo Freight Terminal Station and Shiroishi Station overlaps with the Hakodate Main Line).
Minami Chitose Station - New Chitose Airport Station2.6 kmAirport lineOpened after the privatization of JNR split
Muroran Main LineChomanbe Station - Oiwake Station - Iwamizawa Station211.0 km It has been indicated that it is necessary to support and promote the use of local governments between Numanobata Station and Iwamizawa Station.[Press 36][Press 37][Press 39].
Higashi Muroran Station - Muroran Station7.0 kmMuroran branch line 
Ishikatsu LineMinami Chitose Station- Shintoku Station132.4 km Kamiochiai signal field -24.1 km between Shintoku Station overlaps with the Nemuro Main Line.
Local transportation lineFurano LineFurano Station -Asahikawa Station54.8 km A policy that local government support/use promotion is required for all sections is indicated.[Press 36][Press 37][Press 39].
Rumoi Main LineFukagawa Station - Rumoi Station50.1 km "Bus conversion" policy is indicated[Press 36][Press 37][Press 39].
Soya Main LineAsahikawa Station- Nayoro Station - Wakkanai Station259.4 km Japan's longest local transportation line.
There is a policy that it is necessary to support and promote the use of local governments between Nayoro Station and Wakkanai Station.[Press 36][Press 37][Press 39].
Senmo Main LineHigashi-Kushiro Station - Abashiri Station166.2 km A policy that local government support/use promotion is required for all sections is indicated.[Press 36][Press 37][Press 39].
Ishikita Main LineShin-Asahikawa Station - Kitami Station -Abashiri Station234.0 km A policy that local government support/use promotion is required for all sections is indicated.[Press 36][Press 37][Press 39].
Satanuma LineKuwazono Station - Hokkaido Medical University Station28.9 kmSchool city line
Hidaka Main LineTomakomai Station - Samani Station146.5 km 2015 Year of 1 MonthHigh wavesDamageMukawa Station --Samani station is out of service (Bus agency). Scheduled to be abolished in the spring of 2021.
It is also indicated that local governments must support and promote the use of the remaining sections.[Press 36][Press 37][Press 39].
Kaikyo LineNakaguni Station - Kikonai Station87.8 km Opened after the privatization of JNR split
JR East Japan is 2.3 km between Nakaguni Station and New Nakaguni Signal Station.Tsugaru LineAnd overlap.
85.5 km between Shinkogoku signal field and Kikonai station shares the line and facilities with the Hokkaido Shinkansen.
  1. ^ The Fujishiro Line does not have its own operating kilometers, and is not added to the total operating kilometers. Mainly on the main line section (Niyama StationVia route, the operating km of the same section is treated as 13.2 km).

Abolished route

SortRoute namesectionOperating kiloPopular nameDate of abolitionRemarks
Main lineHakodate honsenSunagawa Station - Kamisagawa Station7.3 kmKamisagawa branch line1994/5/16[8]Hokkaido Central BusConvert to
Ishikatsu LineShin-Yubari Station - Yubari Station16.1 kmYubari branch line2019/4/1[8]Yubari Railway BusConverted to.
Local transportation lineHoronai LineIwamizawa Station- Ikuharubetsu Station18.1 km 1987/7/13Second Specified Local Transportation LineAbolished in response to the designation.
Converted to Hokkaido Chuo Bus.
The first abolition after the inauguration of JR.
Mikasa Station - Horonai Station2.7 km(Cargo branch line)
Matsumae LineKikonai Station- Matsumae Station50.8 km 1988/2/1Abolished due to designation of the second specified local transportation line.
Hakodate BusConverted to.
Utashi ExtensionSunagawa Station- Utashinai Station14.5 km 1988/4/25Abolished due to designation of the second specified local transportation line.
Converted to Hokkaido Chuo Bus.
Shibetsu LineShibecha Station - Nemuro Shibetsu Station69.4 km 1989/4/30Abolished due to designation of the second specified local transportation line.
The main line isAkan Bus, The branch lineNemuro TransportationSwitch to (bus).
Nakashibetsu Station - Atsuko Station47.5 km(Branch line)
Nayoro Main LineNayoro Station - Monbetsu Station - Engaru Station138.1 km 1989/5/1Abolished due to designation of the second specified local transportation line.
Celebrity bus,Hokumon Bus,Kitami Bus,Kamibetsu municipal busConverted to.
Nakayubetsu Station - Yubetsu Station4.9 km(Branch line)
Tenhoku LineOtokofufu Station - Hamatsubetsu Station - Minami Wakkanai Station148.9 km Abolished due to designation of the second specified local transportation line.
Soya BusConverted to.
Ikekita LineIkeda Station -Kitami Station140.0 km 1989/6/4Abolished due to designation of the second specified local transportation line.
Hokkaido Chihoku Plateau RailwayAfter conversion to20064/21Abolished to[8].
(Obihiro --Ikeda - RikubetsuBetweenTokachi Bus, Rikubetsu-Kitami area is converted to Hokkaido Kitami bus)
Fumei LineFukagawa Station- Horokanai Station -Nayoro Station121.8 km 1995/9/4[8]JR Hokkaido BusConverted to.
Esashi LineKikonai Station- Esashi Station42.1 km 2014/5/12[8]Converted to Hakodate Bus.
Goryokaku Station -Kikonai Station37.8 kmTsugaru Kaikyo Line2016/3/26[Annotation 12]Hokkaido Shinkansen Shin-Aomori Station-Management separation due to the opening of Shin-Hakodate Hokuto Station.
Donan Isaribi RailwayTransferred to.
Rumoi Main LineRumoi Station- Mashike Station16.7 km 2016/12/5[8]Coastal busConverted to.
Satanuma LineHokkaido Medical University Station - Shintotsugawa Station47.6 kmSchool city line2020/5/7[12]Train operation ends on April 2020, 4[Press 92][Newspaper 48].
Lower motorsandBibai Driving SchoolConverted to the Hokkaido Chuo Bus and Hokkaido Chuo Bus.
RouteSeikan routeAomori Station -Hakodate Station113.0 km 1988/3/13Abolished due to the opening of the Kaikyo Line
Provisional (revival) operation was carried out from June 1988, 6 to September 3, 9.
  • Once between Hakodate Station on the Hakodate Main Line-Goryokaku Station, between Goryokaku Station on the Esashi Line-Kikonai Station, on the Kaikyo Line, and on JR East JapanTsugaru LineBetween Aomori Station and Naka-Oguni StationTsugaru Kaikyo LineIt was nicknamed, but the nickname was abolished because the conventional passenger trains that passed the Kaikyo Line disappeared due to the opening of the Hokkaido Shinkansen. However, the Kaikyo Line itself has not been officially abolished or suspended, so it is treated as a "zero passenger train business line."

Scheduled route

SortRoute namesectionOperating kiloScheduled to openRemarks
ShinkansenHokkaido ShinkansenShin-Hakodate Hokuto Station- Sapporo Station211.7 kmEnd of 2030[14]Mainly construction by the Railway and Transportation Organization

Diamond

Until 2012, timetable revisions covering the entire area of ​​JR Hokkaido are rarely made in line with other JR companies, and in recent years it was March 2009 when the timetables were revised at the same time as other JR companies. In addition to the above, the schedule was often revised independently, especially in October. However, for the implementation in November 3, there was a retreat from the conventional schedule due to train deceleration, so it was called "change" instead of "revision".[Press 69][Press 70].. In addition, after March 2014, it is often implemented in March with other JR companies at the same time, and the timetable revision on March 3, 3 is a simultaneous revision with other JR companies, not only in JR Hokkaido but also nationwide The largest revision was related to the opening of the Hokkaido Shinkansen.

In JR Hokkaido, regular trains on all lines are basically operated on the same schedule every day, but some trains are closed on Saturdays and holidays.

列車

Named trains that have been operated on the company's routes since the establishment of JR Hokkaido or were operated once are listed below. Trains whose type has been changed will be listed after the change, and companies operated by vehicles of other companies will also be listed with the company name (discontinued trains at the time of abolition). For details, see the article for each train.

Abandoned train

vehicle

More than half of the routes in HokkaidoNon-electrifiedBecause most of the owned vehiclesRailcarIs. Considering the climatic conditions, the vehicles used in the area have been given special measures against cold from the JNR era. As a general specification,Double glazingThe guest room windows, single-sided doors for guests with a small opening and deck doors that separate the guest room from the entrance/exit stand. Heaters are installed in each part of the car body to prevent freezing, and the heating capacity is larger than that of vehicles south of Honshu.Electric trainI also own it, but all the electrified sectionsAC electrificationBecause it is allAC type trainIs. With double-door vehicles at six JR passengersDC type trainJR Hokkaido is the only one that doesn't own any.

For vehicles developed after the establishment of JR Hokkaido, as a measure against cold weather instead of deck doors, there is no physical division of the room such as the installation of an air curtain and the "semi-automatic door" that opens and closes the customer door with the button operation of passengers Has been devised to minimize the inflow of outside air. Also,1991(3)1/8Occurred inRailroad crossing derailment overturn accident on the Hidaka Main LineTaking the opportunity to promote crew protection measures,driving seatWith "high cab specification" that installs at a high positionShock absorption structureVehicles that were developed were developed one after another.

Competitive transportation such as highway buses and aircraftPrivate carAs a countermeasure against this, measures were taken to reduce the time required for high-quality trains and increase the number of trains. Limited express railcars developed after the establishment of JR Hokkaido, for routes with many curved sectionsPendulum Of281 series-283 seriesRailcar,Body tilt type Of261 seriesBy introducing a diesel train to improve the speed of passing through curves, Sapporo Station-between Muroran Station and Asahikawa Station andShin-Aomori Station --On the limited express train between Hakodate Station (before the opening of the Hokkaido Shinkansen)785 series-789 seriesThe introduction of trains has shortened the required time and increased the number of trains.

However, due to the continuous high speed operation under severe climate with large differences in temperature throughout the year, the vehicle and equipment are moreMetal fatigue,Idling, etc.engineLoad on[Source required]、さらに厳しい経営から保守管理費が1996年33.4億円から2010年は17.7億円(47.1%減)、輸送管理費が1996年約154億円から2010年は約92億円(40.5%減)と大幅に削減されたことから[15][Source invalid]Smoking accident during business operation[Press 95][Press 96][Press 97]Fire accident[Press 98][Press 99][Press 100]Is occurring frequently[Newspaper 49], Experts have pointed out the problem of the maintenance system[Newspaper 50].. From November 2013, 25 (Heisei 11), the number of flights will be reduced and the speed will be reduced in order to reduce the burden on vehicles and facilities.[Press 69][Press 70]..Furthermore, from August 2014, 26, the maximum 8km / h operation will be abolished for all timetables of limited express railcars, and the use of the mechanism to improve the curve passing speed will be stopped.[Press 74][Newspaper 51].

For vehicles on the Hokkaido Shinkansen that opened to Shin-Hakodate Hokuto Station on March 2016, 28, 3 in February 26.OrganizationIt was revealed on March 40, the same year that 3 cars were ordered and delivery will start within the same year.[Newspaper 52].. The vehicle was on April 4 of the same year.H5 seriesDesign and specifications of[Press 101]On November 11, the first two trains were Hakodate General Depot (currentlyHakodate Shinkansen General DepotPublished in)[Newspaper 53].

After privatization,Kawasaki Heavy Industries(All types of trains other than 735 series. Including Kiha 261 series 1000 series body / bogie, Kiha 285 series, Shinkansen H5 series),Hitachi, Ltd.(721 series, 731 series, 735 series, 785 series, Shinkansen H5 series),Tokyu vehicle manufacturing(721 series/789 series[Annotation 19]),Fuji Heavy Industries(Diesel trains only),Niigata Ironworks(→Niigata Transis) Is manufactured in. As an exception, a part of Kiha 281 seriesJapanese vehicle manufacturingIt was also manufactured in.

In the future, all trains for diesel trains will be integrated into the Kiha 261 series, and will replace the Kiha 183 series, Kiha 281 series, and Kiha 283 series. In addition, we plan to renew the 789 series (basic series) used in the limited express "Super Swan" and replace the 785 series for the limited express "Super Kamui" and "Suzuran".[Press 102]..As one of the processes, the limited express "Super Kamui" between Sapporo Station and Asahikawa Station was renamed to "Lilac" and "Kamui" by about half each due to the timetable revision on March 2017, 29. The former "Super Swan" 3 series 4 series will be operated as "Lilac".For the limited express on the Soya Main Line, only one round trip between Sapporo Station and Wakkanai Station was renamed to "Soya", and two round trips between Asahikawa Station and Wakkanai Station were decided to be operated by Kiha 789 series in principle as "Sarobetsu".On the other hand, the Sekihoku Main Line Limited Express is Sapporo Station- Abashiri StationIt was decided to drive the two round trips between Asahikawa Station and Abashiri Station as "Okhotsk" and rename the two round trips between Asahikawa Station and Abashiri Station as "Daxue". "Sarobetsu" and "Daxue" will be diamonds that can be connected to "Lilac" at Asahikawa Station, and the limited express "Hokuto" will also be converted to Kiha 2 series to make it "Super Hokuto", reducing the number of Kiha 2 series in operation. ing[Press 82].

Depot/crew ward office

JR HokkaidoDepotAnd abbreviations and crew ward offices are as follows.

Vehicle factory

Facility maintenance area

  • Main office
    • Sapporo Railway Line
    • Sapporo Electric Power Station
    • Sapporo Signal Station
    • Sapporo Building
    • Sapporo Structure Inspection Center
    • Iwamizawa Station
    • Iwamizawa Electric Power Station
    • Iwamizawa Rail Center
    • Muroranbo Line
    • Tomakomai Electric Station
    • Oiwake Line
  • Kushiro branch
    • Kushiro Line
    • Kushiro Facility
    • Kushiro Structure Inspection Center
    • Obihiro Line
  • Asahikawa branch
    • Asahikawa Station
    • Asahikawa Electric Station
    • Asahikawa Facility
    • Asahikawa Structure Inspection Center
    • Kitamiho Line
    • Nayoro Line
  • Hakodate branch
    • Hakodate Railway Line
    • Hakodate Electric Power Station
    • Hakodate Facility
    • Hakodate Structure Inspection Center
    • Hakodate Shinkansen Engineering Center

Fare

Adult passengerFare(Half price for children, rounded down to less than 10 yen). Revised October 2019, 10[16].

  • When crossing the trunk line and the local transportation line, the fare for the local transportation line is applied up to 10 km. From 11km, the operating distance of the main line and the converted kilometer of the local transportation line are added together and the fare for the main line is applied.
    • As an example, Sapporo Station- Taihei StationSince the operating km between them is 8.9km, the fare of the local transportation line is applied.Sapporo Station- Yurigahara StationThe operating kilometer between them is 10.2km, but since the operating kilometers exceed 10km, the operating kilometers of the main line (between Sapporo Station and Souen Station: 1.6km) and the converted kilometers of the local transportation line (Souen Station-Yurigahara Station) (Between: 9.5km) is added up and the main line fare is applied.
  • An additional fare of 20 yen will be applied between Minami-Chitose Station on the Chitose Line and New Chitose Airport Station.
  • Please refer to the external link for fares over 401km.
Main lineLocal transportation line
About a kiloFare (yen)About a kiloFare (yen)About a kiloFare (yen)About a kiloFare (yen)
First ride 3km200101 - 1202,420First ride 3km200101 - 1102,420
4 - 7250121 - 1402,8604 - 7250111 - 1282,860
8 - 10290141 - 1603,1908 - 10300129 - 1463,190
11 - 15340161 - 1803,63011 - 15340147 - 1643,630
16 - 20440181 - 2004,07016 - 20440165 - 1824,070
21 - 25540201 - 2204,51021 - 23540183 - 2004,510
26 - 30640221 - 2404,84024 - 28640201 - 2194,840
31 - 35750241 - 2605,28029 - 32750220 - 2375,280
36 - 40860261 - 2805,61033 - 37860238 - 2555,610
41 - 45970281 - 3005,94038 - 41970256 - 2735,940
46 - 501,130301 - 3206,27042 - 461,130274 - 2916,270
51 - 601,290321 - 3406,49047 - 551,290292 - 3106,490
61 - 701,490341 - 3606,82056 - 641,490311 - 3286,820
71 - 801,680361 - 3807,15065 - 731,680329 - 3467,150
81 - 901,890381 - 4007,37074 - 821,890347 - 3647,370
91 - 1002,100 83 - 912,100365 - 3827,700
  92 - 1002,320383 - 4007,920
  • The main line fares of the three main islands of Honshu are applied when riding through the three main islands of JR Honshu (JR East/JR Tokai/JR West), but the additional amount shown in the table below is applied according to the operating distance from the boundary station (Shin-Aomori Station) Add.
About a kiloFare (yen)Remarks
36-40km180Okatsu Light Mabetsu Station Only applicable.
101-120km440Applies only to Kikonai Station.
121-180km550
181-200km660
201km -770

Company song

Company song TheDark dachs"Northern Earth" (lyrics:Michio Yamagami, Composition:Koichi Morita). On August 1988, 8, the Dark Ducks single "From a Ticket" ("I want to go far] Insert song, as a coupling of JR Hokkaido image song)CDIt was released.

Campaign Girl

Since 1987 when it was privatized, we have adopted a campaign girl who participates in events and campaign activities held by JR Hokkaido and performs activities such as poster photography. Initially, it was named "JR Hokkaido Fresh Girl" and was renamed "Miss Twinkle" from the middle. Initially, the number of hires was 4 at the head office and 3 at each branch, and from fiscal 13 the number of hires at each branch was reduced to 2008 for a total of 2. However, due to a decrease in the number of applicants and opportunities to participate in events, hiring was discontinued at the end of FY10 from the viewpoint of cost reduction.[Newspaper 54].

Affiliated Company

An affiliate of JR Hokkaido, "JR" is attached to the company name, and the official company name is "Alphabet'JR'KatakanaThe company that is "translated into"Car rentalExcept for the company and the structure design research company, the katakana notation is "JR" and "・" (Medium black) Is a feature (other companies do not enter, and is described as "JR").[Annotation 20].

Current group company

Transportation industry
DOWDEN
Electrical equipment construction and supervision.
Hokkaido JR Service Net
February 1988, 63 (Showa 2)Nikankan HokkaidoWas established as The company name was changed to the current company name on April 2001, 13.
Commissioned by the head office (some of the Asahikawa branch offices) and Kushiro branch offices, as a tour operator. andCash voucher shop-Travel agencyManagement ofWorker dispatch business, Do business education.
JR Hokkaido Engineering
Design research, construction and maintenance of railways and other structures. The predecessor company was established on April 1962, 37 (Showa 4), and on June 16, 2000 (Heisei 12)Hokkaido JR Consultants”Was renamed. "Hokkaido JR Building" was absorbed on October 2016, 28, and changed to the current company name.[17][Press 103].
Hokkaido JR Transport Support
Vehicle cleaning/maintenance, outsourced operation of driver's premises.
Sapporo Traffic Machine
Car inspection/remodeling, air conditioning/sanitary work for buildings.
Hokkaido orbit facility industry
Track construction and maintenance.
Hokkaido high-speed railway development
Lend out vehicles and facilities related to speeding up.Initially established by investing mainly in Hokkaido and Kushiro City to speed up the railway between Kushiro Station and Sapporo Station.Third sectorLater, he was also involved in the Soya Main Line speedup business.
JR Hokkaido Bus
Operation of route buses and chartered buses. Mulberry gardendriving schoolManagement of
JR Hokkaido Solutions
Station rental carManagement, car leasing. Inside the train in JRAdsBulletin and JRCM,PR magazineProduction, event planning and operation management of Sapporo Station South Exit Square, maintenance contract of unmanned station in JR Hokkaido[Newspaper 55].. The company name was changed from JR Hokkaido Rent-A-Lease by absorbing and merging Hokkaido JR Agency on April 2020, 2 (Reiwa 4).[Press 104].
Retail trade
Hokkaido Kiosk
Kiosk(Station stand) operation andSapporo Municipal SubwayAround the stations in the Sapporo area, includingconvenience storeEtc.Nagareyama OnsenEntrusted with the management of "Kitaca" and develop the goods. "Crawford in Onuma" on November 2015, 27Tsuruga Tourism DevelopmentUntil sold to[Press 105][Press 106]The company was also entrusted with the management of Crawford Inn Onuma.
Hokkaido JR Freshness Retail
Management of JR fresh market.
Real estate leasing
Hokkaido JR Urban Development
Rental of the site under the elevated railway.
Sapporo station comprehensive development
2005(17)10/1Sapporo Station South Exit Development was established by absorbing and merging Sapporo Terminal Building, Sapporo Station Underground City Development, and Sapporo Station Development.JR TowerJR Tower SquareTo manage and operate. From the cash flow due to the management difficulties of JR Hokkaido2016(28) On August 8, part of the shares of Sapporo Station General Development was sold to a third party outside the JR Hokkaido group.[Press 107].
Hotel industry
JR Hokkaido Hotels
JR Tower Hotel of JR Hokkaido Hotel GroupJapan AirlinesOperated by Hotel Nikko Northland Obihiro in Sapporo (inside JR Tower).Accommodation-specialized hotel (JR Inn Sapporo, JR Inn Obihiro,JR Inn Asahikawa, JR Inn Sapporo Station South Exit, JR Inn Chitose, etc.).
Other
Hokkaido JR Corporation
Procurement of materials used by the JR Hokkaido Grouplease.
Hokkaido Clean System
JR Hokkaido jurisdictionstationCleaning and security of general buildings, Hakodate station home information broadcast.Long time agoTatsuhi Submarine StationWas also guided and guided.
Hokkaido JR System Development
computer Ofsoftwaredevelopment of.
Sudaken Industry
Construction work such as civil engineering, construction and railroad tracks.
Anonymous Union JH Hospital Asset Holdings[18][19]
The building of JR Sapporo Hospital will be procured, built and owned by a real estate fund, and the building will be cashed through a securities company and rented to JR Hokkaido.

Former group company

Hokkaido JR Daiei
Established on August 1992, 4.DaieiWithJoint Venture[Newspaper 56]So, it opened a store in Sapporo city under the brand name of "JR Daiei". It was liquidated in March 1999 (Heisei 11).
EunosJR Hokkaido
マ ツ ダParticipating in the Eunos sales networkCar dealerOpen as.Under the overpass near Sapporo Station andObihiroHad a store in.1998At the end of March (10), the company was transferred to the local manufacturer-owned dealer "Mazda Affini Hokkaido" to withdraw and liquidate. The Sapporo store was open as the "Mazda Amphini Hokkaido/JR Sapporo Station East Exit store", but it was closed later.
Hokkaido planning and development
Established on December 1989, 12. It operated golf driving ranges, parking lots, outsourced the operation of hotels and hot spring facilities, and sold and commissioned food products. Merged with Hokkaido Clean System on October 27, 2007[Press 108].
Hokkaido JR Travel Service
Established on April 1997, 9. He operated a cash voucher shop and travel agency. Merged with Hokkaido JR Service Net on December 4, 21 (Heisei 2007)[Press 109].
Hokkaido JR Foods
Established in October 1990. He ran restaurants in Sapporo/Asahikawa/Otaru stations and operated JR Hokkaido Hotel Group's Hotel Sapporo Yayoi. It was merged with Hokkaido Kiosk on October 2, 10.[Press 110].
JR Earl Hakodate Development
February 1986, 61 (Showa 12)Hakodate Development Co., Ltd.Was established, and the company name was changed to "JR Hakodate Development" on July 2005, 17. We were entrusted with the station business within the Hakodate branch office, sales of shops and restaurants in the station yard, management entrustment of Nagareyama hot spring and Crawford Inn Onuma, but on October 7, 1 (Heisei 2014) it became Absorbed and merged[Press 111].
Hokkaido linen supply
1967(42)9/1Established. Bedding such as sleeper seats, seat backs, etc.cleaningWas going on. As of June 2016, 28, 6% of 28% of the shares held in Hokkaido Clean SystemHakuyoshaAnd sold to Hirose Shokai and became a group company of Hakuyosha, leaving the JR Hokkaido group.[Press 112].
Asahikawa Terminal Building
Established on April 1980, 55. Asahikawa station premises andAsahiyama ZooWas operating the Asahikawa Esta parking lot, but since it was in the red, it was liquidated around June 2016.[Press 113].. Until it was sold to Fortress Investment Group LLC on October 2015, 27[Press 105][Press 106], Also operated "Loisir Hotel Asahikawa".
Hokkaido JR Built
Established on December 1992, 4. It was engaged in construction and repair of buildings and equipment, and maintenance of facilities owned by JR Hokkaido. Merged with Hokkaido JR Consultants on October 12, 15[Press 103].
Hokkaido JR Cybernet
He was developing vehicles and other electronic equipment and systems. 2016 (Heisei 28)12/1Merged with Sapporo Kotsu Kikai[Press 114].
JR Doto Travel Service
Outsourced station services and tours within the Kushiro branch. 2017 (Heisei 29)2/1Was merged with Hokkaido JR Service Net[Press 115].
Sapporo Koei
Contract work at a vehicle factory. 2018 (Heisei 30)4/1Merged with Sapporo Kotsu Kikai[Press 116].Hokkaido Public Safety CommissionからSecurity LawSince the existing security company was suspended due to the violation, it has been switched to another security company since March 2018, 3.[Press 117].
Hokkaido JR Inn Management
We operated accommodation-specialized hotels (JR Inn Sapporo, JR Inn Obihiro, JR Inn Asahikawa), but in order to concentrate management resources and improve efficiency, JR on April 2018, 30 (Heisei 4) Merged with Hokkaido Hotels[Press 118].
New development
Operated Kuwazono Driving School, but merged with JR Hokkaido Bus on April 2020, 2 (4nd year of Reiwa)[Press 119].
Hokkaido JR Agency
He was involved in the production of in-car advertisements in JR, commercials for JR, public relations magazines, event planning and operation management at Sapporo Station South Square, but on April 2020, 2 (Reiwa 4), JR Hokkaido Rent-A-Car Merged with Lease[Press 104].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ logoThen "Hokkaido Railway Company", And the letters" iron "are not used.The establishment of the company is mainly due to the deficit management of the Japanese National Railways, and the character "iron" means "to lose money" and it is said that it is unlucky.logoIn the character, the character "鉃" (bow and arrow arrow in gold bias) is adopted, but it is officialCompany nameThen.Common kanjiIs "iron" (Shikoku Passenger RailwayOther than JR other companies as well).
  2. ^ It is the only JR passenger company that does not have the initial letters of the English company name (such as "E" for JR East Japan and "W" for JR West Japan) on the tint block.
  3. ^ Tsugaru StraitPassenger routes across are private companiesTsugaru Kaikyo Ferry,Seikan FerryIs still in service.
  4. ^ Ordinary loss for JR Hokkaido alone (approx. 44 billion yen).
  5. ^ 2012YosenshaAccording to the publication "Thorough Analysis !! Latest Railway Business Management Balance Ranking of 200 Routes of All 500 Companies in Japan".At that time, JR Hokkaido did not announce the operating balance by route, so please note that it is only an estimate based on the same document.
  6. ^ Principal 6822 billion yen. The principal cannot be retired, and only the operating profit dividend is recorded as non-operating income.
  7. ^ However, once2002A stock listing was planned around the time of (14).
  8. ^ a b As of April 2006, 18, the scheduled start time was announced as the first time in 4 (Heisei 27).[Press 16]Accelerated in the fall of 2007, announced on June 19, 6[Press 17].
  9. ^ The corporate color, which is the line color between the station name and the station names on both sides of the station, is similar to that of JR East, which is "green", while JR Hokkaido is "moe yellow." However, the station name markers in Eastern Japan are almost the same as the horizontal type, which is a hanging type, but in the case of Hokkaido, there are quite a lot of home-installed type systems from the former JNR era.
  10. ^ JR Kyushu has a similar situation.
  11. ^ Since the new design was first introduced at New Chitose Airport Station and Minami Chitose Station (renamed from Chitose Airport Station) when the New Chitose Airport Station opened, the old design station name was introduced before the change at New Chitose Airport Station. There was nothing.
  12. ^ a b When the notice of abolition was submitted on March 2015, 27 (Heisei 3), the "opening date of the Hokkaido Shinkansen (between Shin-Aomori Station and Shin-Hakodate Hokuto Station)" was announced as the planned abolition date.[Press 76], A press release dated September 9 of the same year announced that the opening date of the Hokkaido Shinkansen (between Shin-Aomori Station and Shin-Hakodate Hokuto Station) will be “March 16, 2016”[Press 77].
  13. ^ In the abolition notification submitted on April 2016, 28, the planned date of abolition was "April 4, 28".[Press 80]After that, on June 6 of the same year, the notification of advancement of the abolition date was made, and it was changed to "December 28, 2016"[Press 81].
  14. ^ Driving in 2018 (Heisei 30) as "Rapid".
  15. ^ From March 2000, 12 (November 3) to November 11, 2002 (Heisei 14), "Super Hatsukari" was also operated as a train of the same system, but the vehicle used (E751 series) Could not go through the Seikan tunnel, so he never got inside the road.
  16. ^ One round trip (1/1) using a vehicle belonging to JR West Japan was running to Hakodate Station, but it was abolished on March 4, 2006 (Heisei 18).
  17. ^ It runs as "Rapid" from November 1988, 63 (Showa 11) to June 3, 2001 (Heisei 13).
  18. ^ It was driven as "Rapid" until 2010 (22).
  19. ^ Series 789 is manufactured by Tokyu Vehicles, but is nominally manufactured by Kawasaki Heavy Industries. In addition, the 0 production of the 2011 series and all 1000 series cars are made by Kawasaki Heavy Industries in both name and reality.
  20. ^ However, while the company name has "JR", the alphabetical notation "JRThere are also affiliated companies that use the company name itself. For example,JRHokkaido Hotels" "HokkaidoJRIn management” is applicable.

Source

  1. ^ a b c d e "Company Overview". Company/Group information. Hokkaido Railway Company (June 2020, 6). 2020/8/9Browse.
  2. ^ a b "Business area". Company/Group information.Hokkaido Railway Company. 2020/8/9Browse.
  3. ^ "Rediscovering Japan from the train window! National local route bus" p.53, Blue Guide Editorial Department, 2016
  4. ^ Approved by JR Kyushu and Tokyo Stock Exchange"Nihon Keizai Shimbun』Electronic version (November 2018, 9) Retrieved December 15, 2018.
  5. ^ "Hokkaido "JR Limited Express vs Highway Bus" Battle Without Honor”(Japanese). 東洋 経 済 オ ン ラ イ ン (September 2017, 5). 2020/12/26Browse.
  6. ^ "Renewed image of Hakodate Main Line "Mountain Line" ... JR Hokkaido's new electric railcars start commercial operation March 3th timetable revision". responseEid (May 2020, 3). 2020/7/17Browse.
  7. ^ ""Cassiopeia" lasts in Hokkaido... will operate in Honshu only”. Response. 2019/6/12Browse.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Abolition of railway tracks (after 5)”. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. 2020/8/9Browse.
  9. ^ "List of railway track opening (from 5)”. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. 2020/8/9Browse.
  10. ^ "To abolish 4 lines such as JR Hokkaido Gakuentoshi Line". HTB news. Hokkaido Television Broadcast (February 2018, 6). As of February 17, 2018オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2018/6/18Browse.
  11. ^ "About new fares and fees". Notices.Hokkaido Railway Company. 2019/10/4Browse.
  12. ^ a b "Railway tracks that have been abolished in recent years”. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. 2020/6/17Browse.
  13. ^ Hokkaido Railway 140 years Hokkaido Railway Company (viewed December 2020, 12)
  14. ^ "List of railway tracks under maintenance”. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. 2020/8/9Browse.
  15. ^ JR Soren Discussion Material March 2014
  16. ^ “Normal passenger fare” (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (September 2019, 9), https://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/fare/pdf/02_03.pdf 2019/10/1Browse. 
  17. ^ "Company Overview”(Japanese). JR Hokkaido Engineering. 2016/11/30Browse.
  18. ^ "Appendix 1 List of subsidiaries of JR Hokkaido, etc.". About the management status of each passenger railway company in Hokkaido, Shikoku, and KyushuBoard of Audit. 2020/11/12Browse.
  19. ^ "DSR Disclosure”. Development Bank of Japan. 2020/11/12Browse.

Press release material

  1. ^ “About the fiscal 26 line income and expenditure status” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2016, 2), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 2., https://web.archive.org/web/20160210105033/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2016/160210-1.pdf 2016/2/10Browse. 
  2. ^ “About the five-year plan for safety investment and repair” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2015, 3), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 6., https://web.archive.org/web/20150624035149/https://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2015/150508-1.pdf 2015/11/19Browse. 
  3. ^ "Regarding the explanation of trains that are rarely used" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2015, 11), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 11., https://web.archive.org/web/20151128122034/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2015/151127-1.pdf 2015/11/28Browse. 
  4. ^ "About the production of the new general railcar (mass production precedent vehicle)" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2015, 6), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 6., https://web.archive.org/web/20150615183250/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2015/150610-2.pdf 2016/1/26Browse. 
  5. ^ "About the state of deterioration and deterioration of limited express vehicles" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2016, 4), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 4., https://web.archive.org/web/20160413185823/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2016/160413-1.pdf 2016/4/17Browse. 
  6. ^ “About reviewing trains and stations that are rarely used” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2015, 9), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 10., https://web.archive.org/web/20151010055004/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2015/151007-1.pdf 2015/11/19Browse. 
  7. ^ "About the financial results for the second quarter of 27" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2015, 11), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 11., https://web.archive.org/web/20151108072104/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2015/151106-1.pdf 2015/11/8Browse. 
  8. ^ "Hokkaido Shinkansen income and expenditure assumption" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2015, 12), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20151210021739/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2015/151209-1.pdf 2015/12/10Browse. 
  9. ^ “About 27 financial results” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2016, 5), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 5., https://web.archive.org/web/20160519034311/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2016/160509-3.pdf 2016/5/19Browse. 
  10. ^ “About the “Sustainable Transportation System” (PPT version)” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2016, 7), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 7., https://web.archive.org/web/20160729111508/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2016/160729-1.pdf 2016/7/29Browse. 
  11. ^ “About the “Sustainable Transportation System”” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2016, 7), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 7., https://web.archive.org/web/20160729111755/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2016/160729-2.pdf 2016/7/29Browse. 
  12. ^ "Hokkaido Shinkansen XNUMX-year usage status" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2017, 3), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2017, 3., https://web.archive.org/web/20170329005222/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2017/170327-1.pdf 2017/3/29Browse. 
  13. ^ "About falling concrete fragments from railway viaducts" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2017, 2), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2017, 3., https://web.archive.org/web/20170326080716/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2017/170227-1.pdf 2017/3/29Browse. 
  14. ^ "About falling concrete fragments from railway viaducts" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2017, 3), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2017, 3., https://web.archive.org/web/20170316134104/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2017/170316-3.pdf 2017/3/29Browse. 
  15. ^ "About falling concrete fragments from railway viaducts" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2017, 3), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2017, 3., https://web.archive.org/web/20170329005122/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2017/170328-1.pdf 2017/3/29Browse. 
  16. ^ "Introduction of IC card ticket gate system" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2006, 4), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2006, 5., https://web.archive.org/web/20060504044046/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2006/060427.pdf 2006/5/4Browse. 
  17. ^ “Changing the start time of IC cards and determining card names” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2007, 6), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2007, 9., https://web.archive.org/web/20070927213155/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2007/070613-1.pdf 2007/9/27Browse. 
  18. ^ a b “About Kitaca service start date determination” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2008, 9), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2008, 9., https://web.archive.org/web/20080913103748/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2008/080910-1.pdf 2008/9/13Browse. 
  19. ^ a b ""Kitaca" opening ceremony" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2008, 10), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2008, 10., https://web.archive.org/web/20081030202258/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2008/081021-1.pdf 2008/10/30Browse. 
  20. ^ a b "About the decision on the start date of the mutual use service for IC tickets and electronic money" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2008, 12), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2008, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20081230105851/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2008/081222-2.pdf 2008/12/30Browse. 
  21. ^ a b "Kitaca e-money" "Kitaca/Suica mutual use" start commemorative ceremony" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2009, 3), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2009, 3., https://web.archive.org/web/20090320020637/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2009/090309-1.pdf 2009/3/20Browse. 
  22. ^ a b "Nationwide mutual use service for transportation IC cards will finally begin!" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2012, 12), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2012, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20121224023530/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2012/121218-1.pdf 2012/12/24Browse. 
  23. ^ a b "About the discontinuation of development of new limited express vehicles" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2014, 9), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 9., https://web.archive.org/web/20140910093118/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2014/140910-1.pdf 2014/9/10Browse. 
  24. ^ a b "About October 16 schedule revision" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2003, 12), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2003, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20031231131233/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2003/031226.pdf 2014/7/5Browse. 
  25. ^ a b About smoking ban on limited express trains in Hokkaido (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2005, 9), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2005, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20051211134727/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2005/050914-3.pdf 2005/12/11Browse. 
  26. ^ a b "About October 18 schedule revision" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2005, 12), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2005, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20051230090557/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2005/051222.pdf 2005/12/30Browse. 
  27. ^ a b “No smoking allowed for “Super Swan” and “Swan”” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2006, 12), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2007, 1., https://web.archive.org/web/20070111191046/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2006/061222.pdf 2007/1/11Browse. 
  28. ^ a b "Notice of special train in spring" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2015, 1), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 3., https://web.archive.org/web/20150330111020/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2015/150123-1.pdf 2015/3/30Browse. 
  29. ^ a b "About spring 27 time schedule revision" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2014, 12), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20141219081840/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2014/141219-1.pdf 2014/12/19Browse. 
  30. ^ a b "About the operation plan of the express "Hamanasu" and the limited express "Casiopea" and "Hokutosei" in the first half of 27 (April-September) (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2015, 1), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 2., https://web.archive.org/web/20150212153802/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2015/150123-2.pdf 2015/2/12Browse. 
  31. ^ a b c d "Regarding suspension of trains due to switching of Hokkaido Shinkansen facilities" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2015, 12), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20151219022806/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2015/151218-1.pdf 2015/12/19Browse. 
  32. ^ a b "About October 28 schedule revision" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2015, 12), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20151218154545/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2015/151218-3.pdf 2015/12/18Browse. 
  33. ^ "Restrictions on the use of "electronic cigarettes"" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2009, 4), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2010, 3., https://web.archive.org/web/20100331072246/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2009/090430-1.pdf 2016/8/5Browse. 
  34. ^ "We will drive a temporary train using E26 series Cassiopeia vehicles." (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (September 2016, 4), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 4., https://web.archive.org/web/20160406100520/http://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2016/20160403.pdf 2016/4/6Browse. 
  35. ^ "About the operation of temporary trains using E26 series Cassiopeia" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway Company, (September 2016, 12), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20161207021431/http://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2016/20161209.pdf 2016/12/7Browse. 
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k “About line sections that are difficult for us to maintain alone” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2016, 11), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 11., https://web.archive.org/web/20161118050351/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2016/161118-3.pdf 2016/11/18Browse. 
  37. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k “About line sections that are difficult for us to maintain alone (PPT version)” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2016, 11), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 11., https://web.archive.org/web/20161118121205/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2016/161118-4.pdf 2016/11/18Browse. 
  38. ^ a b “About efforts toward making the bustle of unmanned stations” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2017, 5), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2017, 5., https://web.archive.org/web/20170513203740/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2017/170511-1.pdf 2017/5/15Browse. 
  39. ^ a b c d e f g h i j “About the status of explanation of management information, etc. for line areas that is difficult for us to maintain alone” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2017, 10), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2017, 10., https://web.archive.org/web/20171015093015/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2017/171012-3.pdf 2017/10/16Browse. 
  40. ^ a b “About our company's acceptance of a statement by volunteers on the December 29, 12 Regeneration Promotion Council” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2017, 12), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2017, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20171209095140/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2017/171206-1.pdf 2018/3/6Browse. 
  41. ^ a b "About the train derailment accident that occurred on the Seikatsu Line Seifuzan Signal Station" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2011, 5), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2011, 9., https://web.archive.org/web/20110902125356/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2011/110528-1.pdf 2011/9/2Browse. 
  42. ^ a b "About the train derailment accident that occurred on the Seikatsu Line Seifuzan Signal Station" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2011, 5), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2011, 6., https://web.archive.org/web/20110617080555/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2011/110531-1.pdf 2011/6/17Browse. 
  43. ^ “Incorrect display of traffic lights inside Oiwake Station of Ishikatsu Line” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2011, 6), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 6., https://web.archive.org/web/20130605135551/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2011/110615-1.pdf 2013/6/5Browse. 
  44. ^ “About the driver taking a nap while driving the train” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2011, 6), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2011, 6., https://web.archive.org/web/20110626171310/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2011/110610-1.pdf 2016/1/29Browse. 
  45. ^ About "36 Agreement Violation (Labor Standard Law Violation)" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2011, 9), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2012, 4., https://web.archive.org/web/20120417084827/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2011/110907-1.pdf 2016/1/29Browse. 
  46. ^ "Report on business improvement orders and improvement instructions" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2011, 9), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2011, 9., https://web.archive.org/web/20110928232424/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2011/110916-1.pdf 2011/9/28Browse. 
  47. ^ "About emergency inspections related to track maintenance" (Japanese) (Press Release), Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, (October 2013, 9), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 10., https://web.archive.org/web/20131010124215/http://www.mlit.go.jp/report/press/tetsudo09_hh_000041.html 2013/10/10Browse. 
  48. ^ "Regarding the results of emergency inspections related to track maintenance" (Japanese) (Press Release), Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, (October 2013, 10), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 10., https://web.archive.org/web/20131010124058/http://www.mlit.go.jp/report/press/tetsudo09_hh_000044.html 2013/10/10Browse. 
  49. ^ Regarding the announcement of "Measures to be taken to ensure the safety of JR Hokkaido-To the revitalization of JR Hokkaido-" (Japanese) (Press Release), Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, (October 2014, 1), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20141227204826/http://www.mlit.go.jp/report/press/tetsudo07_hh_000052.html 2014/12/27Browse. 
  50. ^ “About the “Indication of intention for maintenance and management of railway facilities” by the Accounting Auditor” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2014, 10), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 11., https://web.archive.org/web/20141102044952/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2014/141028-3.pdf 2016/1/29Browse. 
  51. ^ "About the event of white smoke from the Limited Express Super Shiratori No. 34 vehicle" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2015, 4), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 4., https://web.archive.org/web/20150404154323/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2015/150404-1.pdf 2015/4/4Browse. 
  52. ^ "About old and new track inspection car replacement" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2017, 4), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2017, 4., https://web.archive.org/web/20170412184224/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2017/170412-1.pdf 2017/4/13Browse. 
  53. ^ "About October 12 schedule revision" (Japanese) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2000, 2), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2000, 5., https://web.archive.org/web/20000511205659/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/pressdaiya.html 2000/5/11Browse. 
  54. ^ "About October 13 schedule revision" (Japanese) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2001, 4), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2002, 6., https://web.archive.org/web/20020613013510/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2001/daikai.html 2014/7/5Browse. 
  55. ^ "About October 14 schedule revision" (Japanese) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2002, 9), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2002, 10., https://web.archive.org/web/20021010072608/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2002/1412daiya.html 2014/6/19Browse. 
  56. ^ a b c d "About the end of the night express train operation in Hokkaido" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2008, 4), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2008, 9., https://web.archive.org/web/20080916055412/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2008/080418-1.pdf 2008/9/16Browse. 
  57. ^ "About October 19 schedule revision" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2007, 7), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2007, 9., https://web.archive.org/web/20070927213043/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2007/070711-1.pdf 2007/9/27Browse. 
  58. ^ a b "We carry out station number display (station numbering)" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2007, 9), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2007, 9., https://web.archive.org/web/20070930015220/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2007/070912-3.pdf 2007/9/30Browse. 
  59. ^ "About October 20 schedule revision" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2007, 12), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2012, 6., https://web.archive.org/web/20120603084456/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2007/071220-1.pdf 2012/6/3Browse. 
  60. ^ “2008.8.31 Last Run Night Express “Marimo”” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2008, 7), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 6., https://web.archive.org/web/20150624135859/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2008/080715-1.pdf 2015/6/24Browse. 
  61. ^ "Nighttime Express "Marimo" Last Run Event will be held! ” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2008, 8), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 6., https://web.archive.org/web/20150624135657/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2008/080825-2.pdf 2015/6/24Browse. 
  62. ^ "Notice of end of public telephone service for limited express trains in Hokkaido" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2009, 9), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2011, 9., https://web.archive.org/web/20110916140330/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2009/090910-1.pdf 2011/9/16Browse. 
  63. ^ "About October 21 schedule revision" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2009, 7), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20131202225346/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2009/090708-1.pdf 2013/12/2Browse. 
  64. ^ "About October 22 schedule revision" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2010, 9), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 11., https://web.archive.org/web/20131111210309/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2010/100924-1.pdf 2014/6/19Browse. 
  65. ^ "Correction of "December 22 timetable revision" document announced on September 9, 24" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2010, 9), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 6., https://web.archive.org/web/20150624133415/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2010/100928-1.pdf 2015/6/24Browse. 
  66. ^ "Correction of "December 22 timetable revision" document announced on September 9, 24" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2010, 11), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 6., https://web.archive.org/web/20150624133247/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2010/101116-1.pdf 2015/6/24Browse. 
  67. ^ "About the timing of electrification of the Satsunuma Line (Gakuen Toshi Line)" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2011, 10), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2011, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20111205160350/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2011/111013-3.pdf 2011/12/5Browse. 
  68. ^ "About the introduction of trains (first stage) accompanying the opening of the Gakuen City Line electrification" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2012, 3), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2012, 9., https://web.archive.org/web/20120925203437/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2012/120314-1.pdf 2012/9/25Browse. 
  69. ^ a b c "Understanding understanding of restraint of transportation services to improve safety" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2013, 9), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 9., https://web.archive.org/web/20130921053616/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2013/130904-1.pdf 2013/9/21Browse. 
  70. ^ a b c “About timetables after November” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2013, 9), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 9., https://web.archive.org/web/20130921053935/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2013/130920-1.pdf 2013/9/21Browse. 
  71. ^ "About October 26 schedule revision" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2013, 12), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20131224105741/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2013/131220-1.pdf 2013/12/24Browse. 
  72. ^ "Regarding submission of railway business abolition notice on Esashi Line (between Kikonai and Esashi)" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2013, 4), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 5., https://web.archive.org/web/20130513023910/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2013/130426-1.pdf 2013/5/13Browse. 
  73. ^ "Regarding the expansion of 733 series trains and their introduction into the rapid "Airport"" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2014, 5), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 5., https://web.archive.org/web/20140514185604/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2014/140514-1.pdf 2014/7/5Browse. 
  74. ^ a b "About October 26 schedule revision" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2014, 7), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 7., https://web.archive.org/web/20140714153703/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2014/140704-1.pdf 2014/7/5Browse. 
  75. ^ “Notice of JR Hokkaido reservation service “sleeper limited express reservation” end” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2014, 12), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20141222073638/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2014/141219-3.pdf Retrieved 2014-12, 22. 
  76. ^ "About submission of abolition notification form of Esashi Line (between Goryokaku and Kikonai)" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2015, 3), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 3., https://web.archive.org/web/20150330111154/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2015/150302-1.pdf 2015/3/30Browse. 
  77. ^ "About the outline of the operation plan associated with the opening of the Hokkaido Shinkansen Shin-Aomori-Shin Hakodate Hokuto" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2015, 9), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 9., https://web.archive.org/web/20150916100107/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2015/150916-3.pdf 2015/9/16Browse. 
  78. ^ "Vehicles for "Hakodate-Shin Hakodate Hokuto" Access Train" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2014, 11), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 11., https://web.archive.org/web/20141120063846/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2014/141120-3.pdf 2014/11/20Browse. 
  79. ^ “Regular train time after March 3” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2016, 2), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 3., https://web.archive.org/web/20160320093820/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2016/160208-2.pdf 2016/3/20Browse. 
  80. ^ "Regarding the Rumoi Line (between Rumoi and Mashike) submission of abolition of railway business" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2016, 4), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 4., https://web.archive.org/web/20160429052355/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2016/160428-3.pdf 2016/4/29Browse. 
  81. ^ "Regarding Notification of Advance Date of Rumoi Line (between Rumoi and Mashike)" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2016, 6), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 7., https://web.archive.org/web/20160701083826/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2016/160628-1.pdf 2016/7/1Browse. 
  82. ^ a b "About October 29 schedule revision" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2016, 12), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20161216091740/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2016/161216-3.pdf 2017/3/29Browse. 
  83. ^ The journey begins to feel "a high-quality experience only for you to enjoy Japan". "TRAIN SUITE Shikishima" ~Starting date, operating schedule, details of operating route, start accepting travel products~” (PDF) (Press Release), East Japan Railway, (March 2016, 5), http://www.jreast.co.jp/press/2016/20160502.pdf 2017/3/29Browse. 
  84. ^ “About August XNUMX, the trouble of smoking from the switchboard of the regular train from Sapporo to Takigawa, No. XNUMX” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (August 2017, 8), https://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2017/170807-2.pdf 2017/8/9Browse. 
  85. ^ "About the completion of simultaneous inspection for troubles that occurred on the switchboard of ordinary trains on August XNUMXth" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (August 2017, 8), https://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2017/170808-1.pdf 2017/8/9Browse. 
  86. ^ "We will start Twitter distribution of "at the time of a large-scale disaster" and "when we decide to cancel or cancel driving in advance". (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (September 2019, 1), http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/CM/Info/press/pdf/20190117_KO_Twitter%20start.pdf 2019/2/1Browse. 
  87. ^ “About the March 2019 timetable revision” (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (September 2018, 12), https://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/CM/Info/press/pdf/20181214_KO_H31Kaisei.pdf 2019/2/17Browse. 
  88. ^ "Abolition of the railway business on the Ishikatsu Line (between Shin-Yubari and Yubari)" (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company / Yubari City, (March 2018, 3), https://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2018/180323-1.pdf 2018/3/23Browse. 
  89. ^ Initiatives for new sightseeing trains from 2019 (PDF) -JR Hokkaido, News Release February 2019, 2
  90. ^ “About application for fare/fare revision” (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (September 2019, 5), http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/CM/Info/press/pdf/20190510_KO_Revision.pdf 2019/10/4Browse. 
  91. ^ “About the March 2020 timetable revision” (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (December 2019, 12), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2019, 12., https://web.archive.org/web/20191213082940/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/CM/Info/press/pdf/20191213_KO_kaisei.pdf 2019/12/13Browse. 
  92. ^ a b "About the final operation of the Satsunuma Line (between Hokkaido Medical University and Shintotsukawa) (PDF)”. Hokkaido Railway Company (April 2020, 4). 2020/4/17Browse.
  93. ^ "Submission of Notification of Railway Business Abolition on the Satsunuma Line (between Hokkaido Medical University and Shintotsukawa)" (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (September 2018, 12), https://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/CM/Info/press/pdf/20181221_KO_Sassyoline.pdf 2018/12/21Browse. 
  94. ^ About "THE ROYAL EXPRESS ~HOKKAIDO CRUISE TRAIN~" (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (September 2020, 1), http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/CM/Info/press/pdf/ab2b7bc2a60dbbe48a5a849ca3e61e02_1.pdf 2020/2/26Browse. 
  95. ^ "About the phenomenon that smoke was emitted from under the floor of Limited Express Hokuto No. 4 that occurred on April 8" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2013, 4), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 5., https://web.archive.org/web/20130521164205/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2013/130409-1.pdf 2013/5/21Browse. 
  96. ^ "About train delays due to the change of limited express "Hokuto" train" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2013, 4), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 5., https://web.archive.org/web/20130513023421/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2013/130415-2.pdf 2013/5/13Browse. 
  97. ^ "April 4 occurred about the damage to the engine of Limited Express Hokuto No. 8" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2013, 4), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 5., https://web.archive.org/web/20130521135010/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2013/130416-1.pdf 2013/5/21Browse. 
  98. ^ "Outline of the accident that occurred on the engine of the July 7 limited express Hokuto No. 6 engine" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2013, 7), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 7., https://web.archive.org/web/20130717054513/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2013/130708-1.pdf 2013/7/17Browse. 
  99. ^ “About the outline of the trouble that occurred on the switchboard of No. 7 car of Limited Express Super Ozora No. 15 on July 3” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2013, 7), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 8., https://web.archive.org/web/20130810030542/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2013/130715-1.pdf 2013/8/10Browse. 
  100. ^ “About the cause and countermeasures of the trouble that occurred on the switchboard of Limited Express Super Ozora No. 7 that occurred on July 15th” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2013, 7), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 6., https://web.archive.org/web/20150624130418/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2013/130809-1.pdf 2015/6/24Browse. 
  101. ^ “About Hokkaido Shinkansen vehicles” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2014, 4), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 4., https://web.archive.org/web/20140416081225/https://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2014/140416-1.pdf 2014/4/16Browse. 
  102. ^ “Five-year plan for safety investment and repair” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2015, 3), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 3., https://web.archive.org/web/20150321135822/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2015/150320-1.pdf 2015/3/24Browse. 
  103. ^ a b "About the merger of two consolidated subsidiaries" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2016, 1), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 1., https://web.archive.org/web/20160131030204/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2016/160129-1.pdf 2016/11/25Browse. 
  104. ^ a b "Notice Regarding Merger of Consolidated Subsidiaries (PDF)”. Hokkaido Railway Company. 2020/6/29Browse.
  105. ^ a b "About the sale of "Loisir Hotel Asahikawa" and "Crawford Inn Onuma"" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2015, 4), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 4., https://web.archive.org/web/20150413052907/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2015/150408-2.pdf 2015/4/13Browse. 
  106. ^ a b "Determination of the sale destination of "Loisir Hotel Asahikawa" and "Crawford Inn Onuma"" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2015, 7), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 8., https://web.archive.org/web/20150807044809/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2015/150717-2.pdf 2015/8/7Browse. 
  107. ^ "About the sale of some shares of Sapporo Station General Development Co., Ltd." (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2016, 6), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 6., https://web.archive.org/web/20160616203935/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2016/160615-1.pdf 2016/11/8Browse. 
  108. ^ "Notice of Merger between Hokkaido Clean System Co., Ltd. and Hokkaido Planning & Development Co., Ltd." (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2007, 5), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 6., https://web.archive.org/web/20150624141454/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2007/070529.pdf 2015/6/24Browse. 
  109. ^ “About reorganization of group companies” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2007, 7), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2007, 9., https://web.archive.org/web/20070927213148/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2007/070731-2.pdf 2007/9/27Browse. 
  110. ^ "About the merger of two subsidiaries" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2010, 3), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 4., https://web.archive.org/web/20140410175253/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2010/100330-1.pdf 2014/4/10Browse. 
  111. ^ "Notice Concerning Merger of Two Consolidated Subsidiaries" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2014, 2), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 8., https://web.archive.org/web/20140826113855/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2014/140228-2.pdf 2014/8/26Browse. 
  112. ^ “Regarding Hokkaido Linen Supply Co., Ltd. (our group company) as a non-group company” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2016, 6), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 6., https://web.archive.org/web/20160625210805/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2016/160622-2.pdf 2016/11/7Browse. 
  113. ^ “Determination of company clearing policy of subsidiary” (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2015, 7), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 8., https://web.archive.org/web/20150801034627/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2015/150731-4.pdf 2015/8/1Browse. 
  114. ^ "About the merger of two group companies" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2016, 5), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 5., https://web.archive.org/web/20160528062854/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2016/160527-1.pdf 2016/11/8Browse. 
  115. ^ "About the merger of two consolidated subsidiaries" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2016, 8), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 8., https://web.archive.org/web/20160803071155/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2016/160803-1.pdf 2016/11/8Browse. 
  116. ^ "Notice Concerning Merger of Two Consolidated Subsidiaries" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2017, 10), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2017, 10., https://web.archive.org/web/20171015092906/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2017/171006-1.pdf 2017/10/16Browse. 
  117. ^ "Regarding the suspension of business due to the violation of the Security Law of Group companies" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2018, 3), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2018, 3., https://web.archive.org/web/20180303102205/https://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2018/180301-6.pdf 2018/3/6Browse. 
  118. ^ "About the merger of two group companies" (Japanese) (PDF) (Press Release), Hokkaido Railway Company, (February 2018, 1), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2018, 1., https://web.archive.org/web/20180717154113/http://www.jrhokkaido.co.jp/press/2018/180123-1.pdf 2018/12/30Browse. 
  119. ^ "Notice of merger of consolidated subsidiaries (PDF)”. Hokkaido Railway Company. 2020/6/29Browse.

newspaper article

  1. ^ “87% of JR Hokkaido is in a profitable line. New deficit local abolition debate emerges.” (Japanese). Hokkaido Shimbun(Morning publication).Doshin Web (electronic version / economy) (Hokkaido Shimbun). (January 2014, 5). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 5.. https://web.archive.org/web/20140511110133/http://www.hokkaido-np.co.jp/news/economic/538331.html 2014/5/11Browse. 
  2. ^ “Red JR Hokkaido announces operating coefficient for all sections in Hokkaido” (Japanese). Hokkaido Shimbun. Doshin Web (electronic version / economy) (Hokkaido Shimbun). (January 2016, 1). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 1.. https://web.archive.org/web/20160130100213/http://dd.hokkaido-np.co.jp/news/economy/economy/1-0228850.html 2016/1/30Browse. 
  3. ^ "JR Hokkaido, which is expanding in the red, is still a bankruptcy that does not go bankrupt (full text display)" (Japanese). J-CAST News. J-CAST News (Jay Cast). (January 2013, 9). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 1.. https://web.archive.org/web/20150121153952/http://www.j-cast.com/2013/09/25184638.html?p=all 2015/1/21Browse. 
  4. ^ "Railway break again in JR Hokkaido, Esashi line, temporary stop of operation" (Japanese). Sankei Shimbun. MSNSankei News (Accidents / Disasters) (Sokoku Shimbun). (January 2008, 2). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2008, 3.. https://web.archive.org/web/20080310195012/http://sankei.jp.msn.com/affairs/disaster/080220/dst0802201139008-n1.htm 2008/2/20Browse. 
  5. ^ "Consider the reduction of service of the aging limited express "Sarobetsu" "Okhotsk" JR Hokkaido (Japanese). Hokkaido Shimbun. Doshin Web (electronic version / economy) (Hokkaido Shimbun). (January 2016, 4). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 4.. https://web.archive.org/web/20160412081423/http://dd.hokkaido-np.co.jp/news/economy/economy/1-0258171.html 2016/4/17Browse. 
  6. ^ "A long-awaited Shinkansen countdown JR Hokkaido suffers from conventional lines suffering from severe deterioration, reduced flights and abolished lines" (Japanese). Nihon Keizai Shimbun(27 pages in the morning).Nikkei electronic version (Nihon Keizai Shimbun). (January 2016, 2). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 4.. https://web.archive.org/web/20160424201302/http://www.nikkei.com/article/DGKKZO97772930W6A220C1ML0000/ 2016/4/24Browse. 
  7. ^ Kiro Sato (Ministry of Economic Affairs) (May 2016, 5). “<4> Deterioration of management Progress of review of conventional lines” (Japanese). Hokkaido Shimbun.Doshin Web / Electronic version (50 days after the opening of the Hokkaido Shinkansen, ahead) (Hokkaido Shimbun Press). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 5.. https://web.archive.org/web/20160519033156/http://dd.hokkaido-np.co.jp/cont/shinkansen_20160515/2-0059648.html 2016/5/19Browse. 
  8. ^ “JR Hokkaido, final deficit for the second consecutive term, forecast for the fiscal year ending March 2, urgent need to rebuild management”. Hokkaido Shimbun (Doshin Web) (The Hokkaido Shimbun Press). (June 2017, 3). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2017, 3.. https://web.archive.org/web/20170329000928/http://dd.hokkaido-np.co.jp/news/economy/economy/1-0383863.html 2017/3/29Browse. 
  9. ^ a b "JR Hokkaido, the largest ever for safety investment of 295 billion yen". Nihon Keizai Shimbun (Nikkei Inc.). (May 2017, 3). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2017, 3.. https://archive.is/20170328235922/http://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXLASFB28HC1_Y7A320C1L41000/ 2017/3/29Browse. 
  10. ^ Tossed by Corona, JR Hokkaido "Tadanuma Line" suddenly ends The emergency declaration is announced and the abolition is advanced on April 4 Oriental economyONLINE (April 2020, 4) Retrieved December 18, 2020
  11. ^ "Agreed to abolish 8% of the JR Hidaka Line without recovering from high wave damage'Asahi Shimbun digital(April 2020, 10) Viewed June 24, 2020
  12. ^ "[Swaying railway] Nemuro line survival / restoration, appealing to Furano City Shintoku resident organization"Mainichi Newspapers』Morning edition July 2020, 7 (Hokkaido version) Viewed December 19, 2020
  13. ^ "JR, 18 stations abolished next spring 18 stations will shift to municipal management / 4% reduction in trains"Asahi Shimbun』Morning edition December 2020, 12 (Hokkaido version) Viewed on the same day
  14. ^ "JR North allocates to facility repairs Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism 400 billion yen support / Non-railway profit expansion Thorough management improvement"Nihon Keizai Shimbun』Morning edition July 2018, 7 (Hokkaido economic side) Retrieved August 29, 2018.
  15. ^ "Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport officially announced"Nikkei" October 2013, 10 (viewed December 15, 2020)
  16. ^ a b “JR Hokkaido discontinues development of new limited express vehicle-continues production of Kiha 261 series diesel car for the time being” (Japanese). My Navi News (My navi). (January 2014, 9). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 9.. https://web.archive.org/web/20140911153336/http://news.mynavi.jp/news/2014/09/10/557/ 2017/4/29Browse. 
  17. ^ "The new limited express 285 series is unused, but it will be a scrap car 25 billion yen for development JR Hokkaido". Hokkaido Shimbun(Doshin Web) (The Hokkaido Shimbun Press). (June 2016, 4). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 4.. https://web.archive.org/web/20160426113813/http://dd.hokkaido-np.co.jp/news/society/society/1-0263551.html 2017/4/29Browse. 
  18. ^ “Dream of 25 billion yen in development costs, dismantling JR Hokkaido, new limited express prototype car with scrap iron”. Hokkaido Shimbun (Doshin Web) (The Hokkaido Shimbun Press). (June 2017, 3). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2017, 3.. https://web.archive.org/web/20170303021120/http://dd.hokkaido-np.co.jp/news/life-topic/life-topic/1-0374633.html 2017/4/29Browse. 
  19. ^ "DMV operation time, blank sheet of JR Hokkaido business line section selection work suspended". Hokkaido Shimbun (Doshin Web) (The Hokkaido Shimbun Press). (June 2013, 10). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 10.. https://web.archive.org/web/20131005045909/http://www.hokkaido-np.co.jp/news/donai/494579.html 2017/4/29Browse. 
  20. ^ a b “JR Hokkaido abandons commercialization of “DMV”, making funding difficult”. Sankei ShimbunSankei News (Economy) (Sokoku Shimbun). (January 2015, 8). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 8.. https://web.archive.org/web/20150814065133/http://www.sankei.com/economy/news/150814/ecn1508140019-n1.html 2017/4/29Browse. 
  21. ^ a b c “DMV practical use, JR Hokkaido gives up, safety measures are prioritized and investment is difficult”. Hokkaido Shimbun (Doshin Web) (The Hokkaido Shimbun Press). (June 2015, 8). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 8.. https://web.archive.org/web/20150814013902/http://dd.hokkaido-np.co.jp/news/economy/economy/1-0168131.html 2017/4/29Browse. 
  22. ^ "Abandoned the introduction of both railroad and road vehicles JR Hokkaido". Asahi Shimbun. asahi.com (Asahi Shimbun). (March 2014, 9). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 9.. https://web.archive.org/web/20140910204119/http://www.asahi.com/articles/ASG9B5SW1G9BIIPE01H.html 2017/4/29Browse. 
  23. ^ "Introducing Asa Kaigan Railway, both railroad and road vehicles by 20 years". Nihon Keizai ShimbunNihon Keizai Shimbun electronic version (Nikkei Inc.). (February 2017, 2). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2017, 3.. https://web.archive.org/web/20170203222932/http://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXLZO12516500T00C17A2LA0000/ 2017/4/29Browse. 
  24. ^ "Retirement of railcars with the opening of DMV to the world's first commercial operation-Tokushima"Newsletter(Delivery at 2020:11 on November 30, 21) Viewed on December 48, 2020
  25. ^ "Railway usage fee needs to be reviewed and pointed out by JR, the Dokeiren Proposal," (Japanese). Hokkaido Shimbun. Doshin Web / Electronic Version (Economy) (Hokkaido Shimbun). (November 2016, 11). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 11.. https://web.archive.org/web/20161127082619/http://dd.hokkaido-np.co.jp/news/economy/economy/1-0342465.html 2016/12/14Browse. 
  26. ^ “Proposal for strengthening trunk transportation network, road review meeting draft report”. Nihon Keizai Shimbun (Nikkei Inc.). (May 2017, 3). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2017, 3.. https://archive.is/20170329000923/http://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXLASFB28HB4_Y7A320C1L41000/ 2017/3/29Browse. 
  27. ^ Yasuhiro Sasaki. "Free rental of JR Hokkaido "line districts that are difficult to maintain independently" unmanned stations to local governments, etc.". My Navi News (Mynavi). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2017, 5.. https://web.archive.org/web/20170515044931/http://news.mynavi.jp/news/2017/05/12/306/ 2017/5/15Browse. 
  28. ^ “JR Hokkaido vehicle inspections do not meet the standards at 28%... pointed out by the inspection institute” (Japanese). Yomiuri Shimbun. YOMIURI ONLINE (Yomiuri Shimbun). (January 2012, 11). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2012, 11.. https://web.archive.org/web/20121121024843/http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/otona/railwaynews/01/hokkaido/20121105-OYT8T00308.htm 2015/5/14Browse. 
  29. ^ Junichi Sugiyama (July 2013, 7). “Why troubles continue in JR Hokkaido”(Japanese). ITmedia.As of August 2013, 7オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.2016/1/29Browse.(JST time: 8:00 update)
  30. ^ “JR Hokkaido: Trouble is twice as many as nationwide” (Japanese). Mainichi Newspapers. Daily jp (Mainichi Shimbun). (January 2013, 4). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 7.. https://archive.is/20130702213838/http://mainichi.jp/select/news/20130421k0000e040129000c.html 2015/12/26Browse. 
  31. ^ (日本語)Hokkaido Shimbun (16th edition) (Hokkaido Shimbun Press): pp. 33 pages. (September 2013, 9) 
  32. ^ a b c “Confirmed with JR Hokkaido President, male body off Otaru” (Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. asahi.com(Incident / accident) (Asahi Shimbun). (January 2011, 9). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2011, 9.. https://web.archive.org/web/20110920003451/http://www.asahi.com/national/update/0918/TKY201109180091.html 2011/9/20Browse. 
  33. ^ "JR Hokkaido limited express, running with passengers' arms sandwiched between doors" (Japanese). Yomiuri Shimbun. YOMIURI ONLINE (Yomiuri Shimbun). (July 2013, 7). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 7.. https://web.archive.org/web/20130721021134/http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/national/news/20130717-OYT1T00724.htm 2015/5/14Browse. 
  34. ^ "[Claim] JR Hokkaido What is the vow to restore trust?" (Japanese). Sankei Shimbun. MSN Sankei News (Sankei Shimbun). (September 2013, 9). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 9.. https://web.archive.org/web/20130923053339/http://sankei.jp.msn.com/affairs/news/130923/dst13092303330001-n1.htm 2016/1/29Browse. 
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