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🐈 | Helping cats called volunteers ~ XNUMXth ~


Helping a cat called a custody volunteer ~ XNUMXth ~

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We would be grateful if you could help us not only with cats, but also with Streaked Shearwaters and, by extension, with activities to protect the nature and ecosystem of Mikurajima.

Helping Cats as Custody Volunteers ~ 10th ~ XNUMX Photos Do you know a foster parent recruitment type protected cat cafe ... → Continue reading


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Wikipedia related words

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Procellariidae(Mizuna Gidori, scientific name Procellariidae) IsbirdsPetrelsIt is a department of.

ShearwaterCollectively called (Streaked Shearwater, Streaked Shearwater)[1].



World Ocean (Antarctic Oceanincluding).


Total length 26–87cm[1].

Many species have black, gray, or brown feathers on the top surface.

mouthThe tip of is pointed like a hook.

egg TheshellIs white and large in proportion to adults (6–20% of body weight).


oceanInhabit in.It swoops from a high place with strong wind to a low place with weak wind, and repeats "dynamic soaring" to rise to high place again by using the difference between the force of the dive and the wind power, and flies without flapping for a long time.Japanese and English names (Japanese and English names) that this flight looks like it cuts the surface of the water with its wings.shearwater = Drain the water).Long-distance in many speciesMigrationdo.

The eating habit is animal food,Fishes,crustacean,MolluskAnd so on.Depending on the speciesplankton,Carcass of animalsI eat the.

Form (colony).For holes dug in the ground or gaps in rocksnestAnd lay one egg per belly once a year.The sex is changed.

Strain and classification

系統 樹Between departments Hackett et al. (2008)[2], In the department Nunn & Stanley (1998)[3]; Penhallurick & Wink (2004)[4],Pseudobulweria The position of Bretagnolle et al. (1998)[5]Than.


Albatross Diomedeidae

Procellariidae in a broad sense
Northern fulmar







Cape petrel Daption




Blue petrel Halobaena



Bonin petrel


Black petrel





? Pseudobulweria






Puffinus ss


Sooty Shearwater Ardenna


Pelecanoididae Pelecanoididae






The sister groups of the Procellariidae familyPelecanoididaeIs.However, of the ProcellariidaeSingle systemSex is uncertain and includes PelecanoididaeParaphylyThere is a possibility of.Therefore, the Pelecanoididae (sometimes the subfamily Pelecanoididae) Pelecanoidinae Or the Pelecanoididae Pelecanoidini There is also a theory to include it[4][6].

Traditionally, the Shearwater family has been divided into four groups: Northern fulmars, Pachyptilas, Bonin petrels, and Shearwaters.[1][6], Systematically divided into 5 groups.Penhallurick & Wink Have them as tribes, but they have whale tribes incertae sedis It is said.Probably from Bonin petrels compared to traditional classification Pseudobulweria The genus was transferred to the Shearwater tribe, and the Bonin petrel and the Shearwater were grouped into the Black petrel tribe.However, the phylogenetic relationship between these five families is unknown.

Is probably not a monophyletic, but there is a theory that it separates the genus Ardenna[7](Separated in the figure).

Still more Penhallurick & Wink Includes the family Procellariidae in 2 subfamilies and 5 families, that is, the subfamily Procellariidae Procellariinae(Furumakamome + Black petrel + Procellariidae) and Pelecanoididae PelecanoidinaeIt is classified into (Bonin petrel + Pelecanoididae).However, whales are not included in any of them.


Old times Coues (1864, 1866); Huxley (1867) As a result, the entire current Procellariidae is classified as the family Procellariidae.afterwards,Forbes (1882) Petrel family Oceanitidae Although it started with the separation, various ranges were classified as Procellariidae,Loomis (1923) Due to this, it became almost the same family classification as the present.

In most classifications, the family Procellariidae is the largest family of the order Petrels and is often subfamily.Procellariidae Procellariinae, Albatross Diomedeinae, Pelecanoididae Halodrominae, Northern fulmar subfamily Fulmarinae, Procellariidae Puffininae, Hydrobatinae Oceanitinae Subfamily names such as[8].

Siblet & Ahlquist (1990) Makes the entire current Procellariidae family of the family Procellariidae, and subfamily Albatrosses Diomedeinae(Albatross) ・ Procellariidae Procellariinae(Procellariidae + Pelecanoididae) ・ Hydrobatinae subfamily HydrobatinaeDivided into (Storm petrels).

Genus and species

International Ornithological Congress (IOC)[7]Than.However, it was classified into a family.Japanese name isMinistry of Health, Labor and Welfare[9]And so on.

14 species of 86 genera are living.Classification is confusing because there are many species that are widely distributed and have a wide range of behavior, and there are large color variations among the same species.

Northern fulmar


Bonin petrel

Black petrel


Relationship with human

Some species are declining due to developmental destruction of breeding grounds, water pollution, bycatch by fisheries, overfishing for food and feathers, and predation by artificially introduced animals.

1974年January,KochiApproximately 4500 birds offshoreChibaMass deaths were confirmed on the Pacific side, including about 5000 birds offshore.furtherFukushimaSince it was confirmed that about 1500 birds were weakened offshore,FukushimaとJapan Coast GuardIn cooperation,Patrol boatThere is a record of feeding small fish from[10].



  1. ^ a b c Hiroshi Hasegawa, "Procellariidae", Complete Encyclopedia of Japan, Yahoo! Encyclopedia, Shogakukan, http://100.yahoo.co.jp/detail/%E3%83%9F%E3%82%BA%E3%83%8A%E3%82%AE%E3%83%89%E3%83%AA/ 
  2. ^ Hackett, SJ; Kimball, RT; Reddy, S .; Bowie, RCK; Braun, EL; Braun, MJ; Chojnowski, JL; Cox, WA et al. (2008), “A Phylogenomic Study of Birds Reveals Their Evolutionary History” , Science 320 (5884): 1763–1768 
  3. ^ Nunn, GB; Stanley, SE (1998), “Body size effects and rates of cytochrome b evolution in tube-nosed seabirds”, Mol. Biol. Evol. 15: 1360–1371, http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/15/10/1360.pdf 
  4. ^ a b J., Penhallurick; Wink, M. (2004), “Analysis of the taxonomy and nomenclature of the Procellariiformes based on complete nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene ”, Emu 104: 125–147, http://shearwater.nl/seabird-osteology/REFERENCES/Penhallurick_Wink_2004_procellariiform_taxonomy2.pdf 
  5. ^ Bretagnolle, V .; Attié, C .; Pasquet, E. (1998), “Cytochrome-b evidence for validity and phylogenetic relationships of Pseudobulweria and Bulweria (Procellariidae) ”, Auk 115: 188–195, http://www.cebc.cnrs.fr/publipdf/1998/BAUK115.pdf 
  6. ^ a b Christidis, L.Boles, W. (2009), Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds, CSIRO Publishing 
  7. ^ a b Gill, F.Donsker, D., eds. (2010), “Loons, penguins, & petrels”, IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6, オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 4., https://web.archive.org/web/20130413072446/http://www.worldbirdnames.org/n-penguins.html 
  8. ^ Sibley, CG; Ahlquist, JE (1972) Order Procellariiformes, “A Comparative Study of the Egg White Proteins of Non-Passerine Birds”, Peabody Museum of Natural History and Department of Biology, Yale University, Bulletin 39 (New Heaven, CT)  --The history of classification up to 1972 is mainly based on this document.
  9. ^ Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare Animal Import Notification System List of animal types to be notified List of birds
  10. ^ "Mizunagidori Offshore Rescue Operation Small Fish to the Belly Peco Group" Asahi Shimbun, June 49, 1974, morning edition, 6th edition, 15th page


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  • Hideo Obara, Masanori Uramoto, Hidetoshi Ota, Masafumi Matsui, "Red Data Animals 8 Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean", Kodansha, 2001, pp. 67–69, 176–180.
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  • , "Japanese Wild Birds 590", Heibonsha, 2000, pp. 24-36.
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