Helping a cat called a custody volunteer ~ XNUMXth ~
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We would be grateful if you could help us not only with cats, but also with Streaked Shearwaters and, by extension, with activities to protect the nature and ecosystem of Mikurajima.
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Wikipedia related words
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ShearwaterCollectively called (Streaked Shearwater, Streaked Shearwater).
World Ocean (Antarctic Oceanincluding).
Many species have black, gray, or brown feathers on the top surface.
mouthThe tip of is pointed like a hook.
oceanInhabit in.It swoops from a high place with strong wind to a low place with weak wind, and repeats "dynamic soaring" to rise to high place again by using the difference between the force of the dive and the wind power, and flies without flapping for a long time.Japanese and English names (Japanese and English names) that this flight looks like it cuts the surface of the water with its wings.shearwater = Drain the water).Long-distance in many speciesMigrationdo.
Form (colony).For holes dug in the ground or gaps in rocksnestAnd lay one egg per belly once a year.The sex is changed.
Strain and classification
The sister groups of the Procellariidae familyPelecanoididaeIs.However, of the ProcellariidaeSingle systemSex is uncertain and includes PelecanoididaeParaphylyThere is a possibility of.Therefore, the Pelecanoididae (sometimes the subfamily Pelecanoididae) Pelecanoidinae Or the Pelecanoididae Pelecanoidini There is also a theory to include it.
Traditionally, the Shearwater family has been divided into four groups: Northern fulmars, Pachyptilas, Bonin petrels, and Shearwaters., Systematically divided into 5 groups.Penhallurick & Wink Have them as tribes, but they have whale tribes incertae sedis It is said.Probably from Bonin petrels compared to traditional classification Pseudobulweria The genus was transferred to the Shearwater tribe, and the Bonin petrel and the Shearwater were grouped into the Black petrel tribe.However, the phylogenetic relationship between these five families is unknown.
Is probably not a monophyletic, but there is a theory that it separates the genus Ardenna(Separated in the figure).
Still more Penhallurick & Wink Includes the family Procellariidae in 2 subfamilies and 5 families, that is, the subfamily Procellariidae Procellariinae(Furumakamome + Black petrel + Procellariidae) and Pelecanoididae PelecanoidinaeIt is classified into (Bonin petrel + Pelecanoididae).However, whales are not included in any of them.
Old times Coues (1864, 1866); Huxley (1867) As a result, the entire current Procellariidae is classified as the family Procellariidae.afterwards,Forbes (1882) Petrel family Oceanitidae Although it started with the separation, various ranges were classified as Procellariidae,Loomis (1923) Due to this, it became almost the same family classification as the present.
In most classifications, the family Procellariidae is the largest family of the order Petrels and is often subfamily.Procellariidae Procellariinae, Albatross Diomedeinae, Pelecanoididae Halodrominae, Northern fulmar subfamily Fulmarinae, Procellariidae Puffininae, Hydrobatinae Oceanitinae Subfamily names such as.
Siblet & Ahlquist (1990) Makes the entire current Procellariidae family of the family Procellariidae, and subfamily Albatrosses Diomedeinae(Albatross) ・ Procellariidae Procellariinae(Procellariidae + Pelecanoididae) ・ Hydrobatinae subfamily HydrobatinaeDivided into (Storm petrels).
Genus and species
14 species of 86 genera are living.Classification is confusing because there are many species that are widely distributed and have a wide range of behavior, and there are large color variations among the same species.
- Thalassoica antarctica, Antarctic Petrel,
- Pterodroma macroptera, Great-winged Petrel,
- Pterodroma lessonii, White-headed Petrel,
- Pterodroma incerta, Atlantic Petrel,
- Pterodroma solandri, Providence Petrel, Providence petrel
- Pterodroma magentae, Magenta Petrel,
- Pterodroma ultima, Murphy's Petrel,
- Pterodroma mollis, Soft-plumaged Petrel, Kaojiromizunagidori
- Pterodroma madeira, Zino's Petrel,
- Pterodroma feae, Fea's Petrel
- Pterodroma desertae, Desertas Petrel (Separated from ↑)
- Pterodroma cahow, Bermuda Petrel, Bermuda petrel
- Pterodroma hasitata, Black-capped Petrel, (Jamaica Bonin petrel P. caribbaea including)
- Pterodroma externa, Juan Fernandez Petrel, White-necked petrel
- Pterodroma occulta, Vanuatu Petrel
- Pterodroma neglecta, Kermadec Petrel, Kermadec petrel
- Pterodroma heraldica, Herald Petrel
- Pterodroma arminjoniana, Trindade Petrel,
- Pterodroma atrata, Henderson Petrel
- Pterodroma alba, Phoenix Petrel,
- Pterodroma baraui, Barau's Petrel,
- Pterodroma sandwich ensis, Hawaiian Petrel, Hawaiian petrel (Separated from ↓)
- Pterodroma phaeopygia, Galapagos Petrel,
- Pterodroma inexpectata, Mottled Petrel,
- Pterodroma cervicalis, White-necked Petrel, White-necked petrel
- Pterodroma nigripennis, Black-winged Petrel, Black-winged petrel
- Pterodroma axillaris, Chatham Petrel,
- Pterodroma hypoleuca, Bonin Petrel, Bonin petrel
- Pterodroma leucoptera, Gould's Petrel,
- Pterodroma brevipes, Collared Petrel,
- Pterodroma cookii, Cook's Petrel,
- Pterodroma de filippiana, De Filippi's Petrel,
- Pterodroma longirostris, Stejneger's Petrel, Stejneger's squirrel
- Pterodroma pycrofti, Pycroft's Petrel, Pycroft's squirrel
- Pseudobulweria (Pterodroma Separated from)
- Aphrodroma (Lugensa; Pterodroma Separated from)
- Aphrodroma brevirostris, Kerguelen Petrel,
- Puffinus* (Sooty Shearwater genus Ardenna including)
- Puffinus nativitatis, Christmas Shearwater, Christmas Shearwater
- Puffinus pacificus, Wedge-tailed Shearwater, Wedge-tailed Shear (A. pacifica)
- Puffinus bulleri, Buller's Shearwater, Buller's Shearwater (A. bulleri)
- Puffinus puffinus, Manx Shearwater, Manx Shearwater
- Puffinus yelkouan, Yelkouan Shearwater,
- Puffinus mauretanicus, Balearic Shearwater
- Puffinus opisthomelas, Black-vented Shearwater
- Puffinus auricularis, Townsend's Shearwater,
- Puffinus newelli, newell's Shearwater,
- Puffinus gavia, Fluttering Shearwater,
- Puffinus huttoni, Hutton's Shearwater,
- Puffinus lherminieri, Audubon's Shearwater, Audubon's Shear
- Puffinus persicus, Persian Shearwater, (P. lherminieri Separated from)
- Puffinus bailloni, Tropical Shearwater (P. lherminieri Separated from; Procellaria bailloni)
- Puffinus subalaris, Galapagos Shearwater (P. lherminieri Separated from)
- Puffinus bannermani, Bannerman's Shearwater,
- Puffinus heinrothi, Heinroth's Shearwater,
- Puffinus assimilis, Little Shearwater, (P. elegans including)
- Puffinus baroli, Macaronesian Shearwater (P. elegans Separated from; P. boydi including)
- Puffinus griseus, Sooty Shearwater, Sooty Shearwater (A. grisea)
- Puffinus tenuirostris, Short-tailed Shearwater, Short-tailed Shearwater (A. tenuirostris)
- Puffinus creatopus, Pink-footed Shearwater, (Separated from ↓; A. creatopa)
- Puffinus carneipes, Flesh-footed Shearwater, Flesh-footed Shear (A. carneipes)
- Puffinus gravis, Great Shearwater, (A. gravis)
- Puffinus bryani, Bryan's Shearwater, Bryan's Shearwater
Relationship with human
Some species are declining due to developmental destruction of breeding grounds, water pollution, bycatch by fisheries, overfishing for food and feathers, and predation by artificially introduced animals.
1974年January,KochiApproximately 4500 birds offshoreChibaMass deaths were confirmed on the Pacific side, including about 5000 birds offshore.furtherFukushimaSince it was confirmed that about 1500 birds were weakened offshore,FukushimaとJapan Coast GuardIn cooperation,Patrol boatThere is a record of feeding small fish from.
- ^ a b c Hiroshi Hasegawa, "Procellariidae", Complete Encyclopedia of Japan, Yahoo! Encyclopedia, Shogakukan
- ^ Hackett, SJ; Kimball, RT; Reddy, S .; Bowie, RCK; Braun, EL; Braun, MJ; Chojnowski, JL; Cox, WA et al. (2008), “A Phylogenomic Study of Birds Reveals Their Evolutionary History” , Science 320 (5884): 1763–1768
- ^ Nunn, GB; Stanley, SE (1998), “Body size effects and rates of cytochrome b evolution in tube-nosed seabirds”, Mol. Biol. Evol. 15: 1360–1371
- ^ a b J., Penhallurick; Wink, M. (2004), “Analysis of the taxonomy and nomenclature of the Procellariiformes based on complete nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene ”, Emu 104: 125–147
- ^ Bretagnolle, V .; Attié, C .; Pasquet, E. (1998), “Cytochrome-b evidence for validity and phylogenetic relationships of Pseudobulweria and Bulweria (Procellariidae) ”, Auk 115: 188–195
- ^ a b Christidis, L.Boles, W. (2009), Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds, CSIRO Publishing
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- ^ Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare Animal Import Notification System List of animal types to be notified List of birds
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