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🚁 | Utilization of disaster investigation drone Nichinan City and business operator agree


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Utilization of disaster investigation drone Nichinan City and business operator agree

 
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Director Niihara said, "We will focus on training and cooperation with the fire department and respond so that we can provide information promptly and accurately."
 

On the 3rd, Nichinan City signed an agreement with drone photographers and industry groups regarding support activities in the event of a large-scale disaster.Drone ... → Continue reading

 Miyazaki Nichiichi Shimbun MIYANICHI ePRESS

A lot of information about Miyazaki such as news and sports. Miyazaki Nichiichi Shimbun, the leading news agency in Miyazaki Prefecture. By utilizing the news gathering network spread throughout the prefecture, we will deliver seasonal news and topics closely related to the region.


Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Director Niihara

Fire Department

Fire Department(Shobohonbu) is a regular fire department set up by the local government to carry out firefighting work in the area (Firefighters in Japan).

As a general rule, it is supposed to be set up by municipalities, but in some areas, it is set up by some office unions and wide-area unions.In addition, regarding the special wards (23 wards of Tokyo), as a coalition of special wards Tokyo Fire DepartmentIs set up as the fire department headquarters of the special ward.

Furthermore, it is possible to outsource firefighting operations,Minamiashigara cityAshigarakami DistrictBelongs totown OfOdawara City Fire DepartmentConsignment to 29 municipalities in the Tama areaTokyo Fire DepartmentThere are examples such as outsourcing to.

List of fire departments nationwide

Organization of fire department

The organization of the fire department is as follows.

  • Fire Department
    • The establishment, location and name of the fire department shall be stipulated by the ordinance. (Firefighting Organization Law, Article 10, Paragraph 1)[1]
    • The organization of the fire department is stipulated by the rules. (Firefighting Organization Law, Article 10, Paragraph 2)
  • Fire department
    • It will be installed under the fire department according to the size of the population.
    • It plays a leading role in firefighting and disaster prevention activities such as fire prevention, vigilance, suppression, emergency, rescue, and disaster control.
    • The establishment, location and name of the fire station and the jurisdiction shall be specified by the ordinance. (Firefighting Organization Law, Article 10, Paragraph 1)[1]
    • The organization of the fire department is determined by the fire chief with the approval of the mayor of the municipality. (Firefighting Organization Law, Article 10, Paragraph 2)
  • Branch office / branch office / detachment office
    • As an organization of the fire department, a branch office, a branch office, or a detachment office may be established under the fire department.

Firefighters / firefighters

FirefightersIt is,Fire chiefAppointed by (Head of Fire Department), he is a staff member engaged in firefighting work at the fire department and fire department in each area.

Incidentally,Fire chiefWill be appointed by the mayor of the relevant area.

  • Firefighters will be assigned to the fire department and fire department. (Firefighting Organization Law, Article 11, Paragraph 1)
  • Firefighters are engaged in firefighting work under the direction and supervision of their superiors. (Article 14 of the Fire Service Organization Law)
  • The fire chief is appointed by the mayor of the municipality, and the firefighters other than the chief of the fire department are appointed by the chief of the fire department with the approval of the mayor of the municipality. (Firefighting Organization Law, Article 15, Paragraph 1)
  • Regarding appointments, salaries, divisions and disciplinary actions, duties and other status handling related to firefighting staff, in addition to those stipulated in the Firefighting Organization Law, the provisions of the Local Public Service Law shall apply. (Firefighting Organization Law, Article 16, Paragraph 1)

Firefighter

FirefighterIs a person with a rank among firefighters, and can enforce the authority stipulated in the Fire Service Act and the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act.

  • Matters concerning the class of firefighters, training, ceremonies and uniforms shall be determined by the rules of the municipality in accordance with the standards set by the Fire and Disaster Management Agency. (Firefighting Organization Law, Article 16, Paragraph 2)

Other staff

In addition to firefighters, there is also a fire department that has technical staff such as clerical staff, mechanics, and radio engineers.

Name of fire department

The name of the fire department is to be specified by the ordinance. (Firefighting Organization Law, Article 10, Paragraph 1)[1]

  • Regarding the special wards of Tokyo, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government has set up a fire department, and the name is given by ordinance."Tokyo Fire Department'And[2]
  • Many municipalities use the name "○○ Fire Department" to match the name of the municipality.
  • Some office unions are called "○○ office work union (fire union) fire department" or "○○ wide area administrative office (fire union) fire department" according to the name of the association.
  • The wide-area union is named "○○ wide-area union (fire union) fire department", etc. according to the name of the wide-area union.
  • Some cities use the name "○○ Fire Department" to match the name of other departments (citizen department, construction department, etc.) of the municipality.
  • Names other than "○○ Fire Department" and "○○ Fire Department" include the following examples.
    • ShizuokaShizuoka CityWas designated by government ordinance on April 2005, 17, and the disaster prevention department was integrated from the mayor's department, and from the "Shizuoka City Fire Department"."Shizuoka City Fire and Disaster Prevention Bureau"The name was changed to. (Later, the name was changed to "Shizuoka City Fire Department" on April 2010, 22 due to the revision of the city's organizational structure)
    • Kanagawa横 浜 市On April 2006, 18 (Heisei 4), the three stations of firefighting, general affairs, and citizens were integrated, and from the "Yokohama City Fire Department""Yokohama City Safety Management Bureau"The name was changed to. (Later renamed to "Yokohama City Fire Department" on April 2010, 22)
    • ShizuokaYaizu CityFrom "Yaizu City Fire Department" on April 2008, 20"Yaizu City Fire and Disaster Prevention Bureau"The name was changed to. (Later, the name was changed to "Yaizu City Fire Department" on April 2012, 24, and transferred to "Shida Wide Area Office Association Shida Fire Department" on March 4, 1)

Fire department set up by a company other than the municipality

Tokyo

Tokyo special area(Tokyo 23 Ward) As a fire departmentTokyo Fire DepartmentHas been installed.[2]

  • In the area where the special ward exists, the special wards are supposed to be jointly responsible for firefighting in the area. (Article 26 of the Fire Service Organization Law)
  • In the area where the special ward exists, as a wide-area local public organization that covers the special ward, the city is united through the area from the viewpoint of ensuring the unity and unity of administration in the metropolitan area where the population is highly concentrated. It is supposed to process the affairs that are deemed necessary to be processed in a targeted manner. (Local Autonomy Law Article 281-2)

Municipalities in Tokyo (Inagi-shiAnd islands (excluding municipalities), firefighting office work in TokyoBusiness consignmentBy doing so, the Tokyo Fire Department is in charge.

Special local government

Municipalities alone do not have a fire department, but multiple municipalities may establish a partial-affairs association or wide-area union, which is a special local public entity, and establish a fire department.these areFirefighting associationAlso called.

  • To jointly handle firefighting workSome office associationsEstablished fire department as (Local Autonomy Law, Article 284, Paragraph 2)
  • To handle firefighting work over a wide areaWide area union(Local Autonomy Law, Article 284, Paragraph 3)) Established Fire Department

In any case, the responsibility for firefighting of the municipality (Article 6 of the Firefighting Organization Law) lies with the municipality.

Outsourcing of firefighting work

In some cases, the firefighting work is outsourced to another municipality, and the outsourced municipality handles it (Article 252-14 of the Local Autonomy Law).

Even in this case, the responsibility for firefighting of the municipality (Article 6 of the Firefighting Organization Law) lies with the municipality.

Make firefighting available

To establish a fire department and a fire department, which are regular fire departmentsMake firefighting availableThat.

As a result of the establishment of fire departments by municipalities alone or by partial-affairs associations, the establishment of fire departments was mostly completed in the 1970s.

As of April 2013, 25, there are 4 municipalities that have become permanent, 1 municipalities that have not become permanent, and the ratio of municipalities that have become permanent (the rate of regularization) is 1,684% (the city is). 36%, towns and villages are 97.9%).Except for some towns and villages in mountainous areas and remote islands, it is almost nationwide, and 100% of the population is covered by regular fire departments.Of these, the fire departments that handle firefighting affairs by partial-affairs associations or wide-area unions are 96.1 headquarters (of which 99.9 are wide-area unions), and the number of constituent municipalities is 304 (21 cities, 1,088 towns, 351 villages). It is equivalent to 599% of all municipalities.In addition, the number of municipalities outsourced is 138 municipalities (64.6 cities, 130 towns, 32 villages), which is equivalent to 78% of the total number of regular municipalities.[3]

History of regularization

[4]

  • 1963 (Showa 38) Due to a partial amendment of the Fire Fighting Organization Law, it was decided by a Cabinet Order to specify the municipalities in which the fire department and fire department must be established.
  • In 1964 (Showa 39), 486 municipalities were designated by the enactment of the "Cabinet Order stipulating the municipalities where the fire department and fire department must be located". (Hereafter, it will be added sequentially.)
  • 1971 (Showa 46) By all revisions of the "Cabinet Order that stipulates the municipalities where the fire department and fire department must be established", all cities are obliged to establish fire departments and fire departments. It was decided that the Minister of Home Affairs would designate it in consideration of the weather conditions.
  • 1974 (Showa 49) Due to the partial amendment of the Fire Service Act Enforcement Ordinance, after 50, the municipalities designated as the municipalities where the fire department and fire department must be located are obliged to carry out emergency services at the same time. ..
  • 2003 (Heisei 15) With the progress of regularization, the Cabinet Order was abolished.

Municipalities without a permanent fire department

Fire departments are not set up in some towns and villagesFire brigadeSome have only installed (so-called emergency firefighting).Regarding emergency services, we do not perform medical treatment, only emergency transportation.First aidMany local governments carry out the above, and some local governments outsource to the private sector.

Wide area of ​​firefighting

In June 2006, the Fire Service Organization Law was partially amended to stipulate the widening of firefighting in municipalities (Fire Service Law Chapter 18 (Articles 6-4)), and prefectures are responsible for firefighting. It was decided that the national and prefectural governments would support the municipalities that are positioned in the promotion plan as it is necessary to promote wide area in consideration of the current situation and future outlook.[5]Reorganized all prefectures into three fire unionsTottoriAndNaraOut ofNara-Ikoma CityCovers the whole country exceptNara Wide Area Fire Fighting AssociationThere are also examples such as (the plan was to expand the area including Nara City and Ikoma City, but both cities left).

Initially, the basic guidelines established by the Fire and Disaster Management Agency of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications stipulated financial support measures, etc. with the deadline for the realization of wide area as the end of 2012 (24), but the basic guidelines were set in 2013 (25). Has been revised and the deadline has been extended to April 2018, 30 (Heisei 4).

  • Wide area of ​​firefighting in municipalitiesMeans that two or more municipalities jointly handle firefighting affairs (excluding the affairs of the fire brigade), or that a municipality entrusts firefighting affairs to another municipality. (Article 31 of the Fire Service Organization Law)
  • Wide area of ​​firefighting in municipalitiesMust be carried out with the aim of improving and establishing a firefighting system. (Article 31 of the Fire Service Organization Law)

Research by the Fire and Disaster Management Agency of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications "About the new permanent firefighting system"

In March 2002, the "Study Group on the Ideal Fire System for the New Era" was established, and effective response to large-scale and special disasters is required, and on the other hand. Given that the momentum for mergers of cities, towns and villages is rapidly increasing, discussions were held on how to enhance and strengthen the firefighting and disaster prevention system in the future, centered on regular firefighting. In December 14 (Heisei 3), "About the new state of the regular firefighting system"[6]The report was compiled as.

Basic guidelines by the Fire and Disaster Management Agency of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications

The Fire and Disaster Management Agency of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications announced in July 2006."Basic guidelines for widening the area of ​​firefighting in municipalities"[7]Has been set.

  • The Commissioner of the Fire DepartmentExpanding the area of ​​voluntary firefighting in municipalitiesAnd establish basic guidelines for ensuring the smooth operation of firefighting after the widening of firefighting in municipalities. (Firefighting Organization Law, Article 32, Paragraph 1)
  • The basic guidelines shall stipulate the following matters. (Firefighting Organization Law, Article 32, Paragraph 2)
    • Basic matters concerning promotion of widespread firefighting in voluntary municipalities
    • Period to promote widespread firefighting in voluntary municipalities
    • Criteria for the following matters in the promotion plan established by prefectures
      • Current status and future outlook of municipal firefighting
      • Combination of municipalities that are subject to widespread firefighting of voluntary municipalities that are deemed necessary to promote in consideration of the current situation and future outlook of the previous issue
      • Matters concerning measures necessary to promote the expansion of voluntary firefighting in municipalities based on the combination of the previous items
    • Basic matters concerning ensuring smooth operation of firefighting after wide area
    • Matters concerning ensuring cooperation between related organizations related to disaster prevention in municipalities

Promotion plan by prefecture

If the prefecture finds it necessary to promote the widening of firefighting in municipalities based on the "Basic Guidelines for Widening Firefighting in Municipalities" established by the Fire and Disaster Management Agency of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications,Promotion PlanIs supposed to be established.

  • Prefectures are within the area of ​​the prefecture based on the basic guidelines.Expanding the area of ​​voluntary firefighting in municipalitiesIf it is deemed necessary to promote the above, the relevant prefecture will be targeted for that municipality.Expanding the area of ​​voluntary firefighting in municipalitiesWe must endeavor to establish a plan for the promotion of firefighting and ensuring the smooth operation of firefighting after widening the area. (Firefighting Organization Law, Article 33, Paragraph 1)
  • In the promotion plan, the following matters shall be stipulated in general. (Firefighting Organization Law, Article 33, Paragraph 2)
    • Basic matters concerning promotion of widespread firefighting in voluntary municipalities
    • Current status and future outlook of municipal firefighting
    • Combination of municipalities that are subject to widespread firefighting of voluntary municipalities that are deemed necessary to promote in consideration of the current situation and future outlook of the previous issue
    • Matters concerning measures necessary to promote the expansion of voluntary firefighting in municipalities based on the combination of the previous items
    • Basic matters concerning ensuring smooth operation of firefighting after wide area
    • Matters concerning ensuring cooperation between related organizations related to disaster prevention in municipalities

Problems of merger of cities, towns and villages and wide area of ​​firefighting

Since 2000 (Heisei 12), so-calledGreat Heisei mergerThe merger of cities, towns and villages called has progressed.

As a result, in some municipalities, there is a discrepancy with the area under the jurisdiction of the fire department.

  • When the municipalities merged, but each fire department of the old municipality remained, so there are areas under the jurisdiction of multiple fire departments in the new municipality.
  • When the fire department has been set up by some office unions for some time, and the area of ​​the new municipality due to the merger of cities, towns and villages does not match the area of ​​some office unions.
  • When these are combined

An example of multiple fire department areas in a new municipality isShigaHigashiomi City(Resolved later),GunmaTakasaki,HiroshimaHiroshima city(Resolved later) ・Hatsukaichi,Yamaguchi Yamaguchi City-Shunan CityAnd so on.Taking Takasaki City as an example, the entire area of ​​Takasaki City and Annaka CityTakasaki City/Annaka City Fire Fighting Association(Takasaki City, etc. Wide Area Fire Department) has jurisdiction,Former Yoshii Town areaOnly continues even after being transferred to Takasaki CityTano Fujioka Wide Area Municipal Area Promotion AssociationHave subscribed to.On the other handOld Shinmachi areaIt is,EnclaveHowever, it was transferred from the Tano Fujioka Wide Area Municipal Area Promotion and Maintenance Association to the Takasaki City / Anchu City Fire Fighting Association in line with the transfer to Takasaki City.

In the case where the area of ​​some office unions coincides with the area of ​​the new municipality,SaitamaKumagayaAnd so on.In Kumagaya City, the dissolution of the "Kumagaya District Fire Union" and the "Kumagaya District Fire Department"Kumagaya City Fire DepartmentThe organizational change to "" was carried out smoothly.

Shimane Then, withdrawal from the merger talksYugawa-gunHikawa TownOn the other hand, it was newly mergedIzumoThere was also an incident in which the company announced that it would not carry out regular firefighting (it refuses to establish a fire union, and the town must set up its own firefighting regardless of its financial position).For Izumo City, which has a firefighting shield that supports the safety and security of residents,Fire departmentThere were criticisms from firefighters nationwide (after that).2011May 10Merged with).

OsakaThen,Sakai CityTakaishiHad set up "Sakai City Takaishi City Fire Department",2006May 4ToGovernment-designated citySakai City, which has moved to, is considering disbanding the union and establishing an independent firefighting organization.On the other hand, Takaishi City, whose finances have deteriorated, has its own permanent fire department and is located in the city.Petroleum complexHe opposed the dissolution of the union because it was difficult to purchase vehicles that could handle the fire.Eventually, even after the union was dissolved, Sakai City was entrusted with the work of firefighting in Takaishi City, and negotiations were concluded.2008The dissolution of the union was proposed and passed by both city councils in June, and in October of the same year.Sakai City Fire DepartmentWas established.

In some cases, the fire union was disbanded and split into two fire departments.GifuBelongs to the northern Hida region ofTakayamaHida CityThe fire department of Hida is currently operated independently by both cities, but it was originally made up of an organization called the Hida Fire Union Fire Department (hereinafter referred to as the association).But2004With the establishment of Hida City, I was a memberYoshiki-gunThe former three towns and villages withdrew from the union.Former who participated in the merger of Hida CityKamioka TownIt was decided to integrate the fire departments of Hida City and set up the Hida City Fire Department.Along with this, Yoshiki-gun, which had outsourced firefighting work to Kamioka TownKamitakara VillageWith the establishment of Hida City, the business consignment relationship with Kamioka Town was dissolved and joined the union.The remaining Takayama city,Ono-gun・ A part of Yoshiki-gun (including Kamitakara Village)2005Merged with.Ono-gun who did not participate in the mergerShirakawaEntrusted firefighting work to Takayama City, and the union was dissolved.

In some cases, the merger of cities, towns and villages was broken due to the fire union.NagasakiNishisonogi-gunTogitsu Town-Nagayo-Kinkai Town3 townsKoto no Umi CityWas planned to merge asNagasaki(Nagasaki City Fire Department), The three towns requested the continuation of the consignment to Nagasaki City for the time being on the premise that the firefighting affairs outsourced to Nagasaki City will be launched after the merger, but Nagasaki City will be launched by the merger. The merger of the three towns became difficult and the council was dissolved because it was requested to be allowed.

The case of the Kagoshima Prefecture Nansatsu Wide Area Fire Union is one of the cases where the fire union that once merged over a wide area was dissolved.The Makurazaki district fire union and the Kaseda district fire union merged to form the Nansatsu wide area fire union, but the prefecture and other speculations planned a wide area merger including the Shijuku district fire union.However, due to disagreement on the new maintenance plan of the communication command room, the union was dissolved, and finally the former Kaseda district firefighting association started independent firefighting as the Minami Satsuma City Fire Department, and Makurazaki City started the independent fire department as the Makurazaki City Fire Department. In the former Kawabe-cho and former Chiran-cho areas of Makurazaki City, which was a member of the Makurazaki District Fire Fighting Association, the fire department is divided into two in the same city and town because the Sakai district of the same town was a member of the Shijuku District Fire Fighting Association. The Makurazaki Minami Kyushu Fire Fighting Association was established jointly with Makurazaki City because it was an administrative obstacle.

footnote

  1. ^ a b c The fire department, fire department, or fire brigade that is currently in place at the time of the revision of the Fire Fighting Organization Law on April 38, 4 shall be Article 15, Paragraph 38 or Article 4, Paragraph 15 of the New Law. The location, name, jurisdiction or area of ​​the fire department, fire department or fire brigade shall be deemed to have been established by the ordinance based on these regulations. (Act to partially revise the Fire Fighting Organization Act and the Public Service Accident Compensation Liability Mutual Aid Fund Act (April 89, 3 Law No. XNUMX) Supplementary Provisions, Paragraph XNUMX)
  2. ^ a b Ordinance on the establishment of the Tokyo Fire Department (Ordinance No. 38, July 7, 25)
  3. ^ 25 Firefighting White Paper Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Fire Agency
  4. ^ Changes in the number of fire departments and the rate of regularization Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
  5. ^ Firefighting wide area promotion related materialsMinistry of Internal Affairs and Communications Fire Agency
  6. ^ About the new regular firefighting system (December 14)Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Fire Agency
  7. ^ Basic guidelines for widening the area of ​​firefighting in municipalities (Fire and Disaster Management Agency Notification No. 18, July 7, 12)

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