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😀 | Beware of bicycle accidents!Letter of appreciation to the beauty college student of illustration production Yokohama Aoba Police Station

Photo Mizuki Ito, who created an illustration of a sign that calls attention to a bicycle accident = Aoba Police Station

Beware of bicycle accidents!Letter of appreciation to the beauty college student of illustration production Yokohama Aoba Police Station

If you write the contents roughly
The production period is said to be about two months, and it conveys the importance of observing traffic rules for bicycles, which are regarded as light vehicles under the Road Traffic Act.

On the 24th, the Aoba police station created an illustration of a sign that calls attention to a bicycle accident, Ms. Mizuki Ito (3 ... → Continue reading

 Kanagawa Shimbun

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Wikipedia related words

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Road Traffic Law

Road Traffic Law(Dorokoutsuho) is道路To prevent dangers inTransportationThe purpose is to contribute to the safety and smoothness of the road and to prevent obstacles caused by road traffic (Article 1),Japan Oflaw.Law numberIs 35 Law No. 105, 1960 (Showa35 years) April 6AnnounceWas done. Abbreviation is "Road law'[1].

vehicleIf you violate this law by driving, etc.Imprisonment,imprisonment,fineCriminal disposition such as "" By cumulative pointsLicenseIs suspended or revokedAdministrative sanctionsIs imposed,Civil lawAnd according to the Automobile Liability Law, "VictimsCompensate for damagesCivil"Responsibility" is asked.


  • Chapter 1 General Rules (Articles 1-9)
  • Chapter 2 PedestrianHow to pass (Articles 10-15)
  • Chapter 3 Vehicles andTramTransportation method (16-Article 63-9)
  • Chapter 4 driverAnd the obligation of the user (Article 64-75-2-2)
  • Chapter 4-2 Highway national roadInAutomobileExceptions to transportation methods, etc. (Article 75-2-3 --Article 75-11)
  • Chapter 5 Road Use, etc. (Article 76-83)
  • Chapter 6 Automobiles andMotorized bicycle OfDriver's license(Article 84-108)
  • Chapter 6-2 Course (Article 108-2 --Article 108-12)
  • Chapter 6-3 Traffic accidentResearch and Analysis Center (Article 108-13-Article 108-25)
  • Chapter 6-4 Promotion of private-sector organizational activities to contribute to traffic safety and smoothness (Article 108-26-Article 108-32-2)
  • Chapter 7 Miscellaneous Provisions (Article 108-33-Article 114-7)
  • Chapter 8 Penalties (Articles 115-124)
  • Chapter 9 Special Provisions for Handling Procedures for Offenses (Article 125-132)
  • Supplementary provisions
  • Appendix

Major revisions

The date is the enforcement date. Road Traffic LawEnforcement order·Road Traffic LawEnforcement regulationsIncluding revision of lower-level laws and regulations.

  • 1960(Showa35 years)May 12
    • The Road Traffic Control Law (Law No. 22 of 130) is abolished and the Road Traffic Law is enforced.
  • 1963(38)May 7
  • 1964(39)May 9
    • Geneva Convention on Road TransportIt will be significantly revised in line with its accession to.
      • passingLeave the center of the road forKey leftThe principle of is introduced to the general road.
      • The vehicle traffic division zone, which used to separate lanes for each vehicle type, has been abolished.Vehicle traffic zoneIt is said that
      • Priority roadIs determined.
      • Special carThe classification of large special vehicles and small special vehicles will be newly established.
  • 1965(Showa 40) January 9
  • 1968(43)May 7
  • 1970(45)May 8
  • 1972(47)May 10
  • 1975(Showa 50) January 10
    • A limited system has been established for motorcycles, and licenses for medium-sized motorcycles and small motorcycles are provided.
  • 1978(53)May 12
  • 1985(60)
  • 1986(61)
    • May 1: Of a motorized bicycle on a road with three or more lanesTwo-step right turnIs obligatory.
    • May 7: It is compulsory to wear a motorized bicycle helmet.
  • 1991(Heisei3 years)May 11
  • 1992(4) April 11
    • The classification of "medium-speed vehicles" has been abolished, and the legal requirements for general roads for automobiles, etc.Top speedIs uniformly 60Kilometers per hourBecomes
  • 1994(6)May 5
    • The license renewal period has been extended to 5 years as long as there are no accidents or violations for 5 years or more, and the license expiration date entry column is commonly known as gold.Gold licenseBecomes
  • 1996(8)May 6
  • 1997(9)May 10
  • 1999(11) April 11
  • 2000(12)
    • May 4: For infants under 6 years oldchild seatIs obligatory to use.
    • February 10:Light car,MotorcycleThe statutory speed of the highway is changed every 100 kilometers per hour.
  • 2002(14) April 6
    • Drunk driving, drunk drivingPenalties will be strengthened for vicious and dangerous violations such as fatal accidents.
    • The principle of license validity period is changed from 3 years to 5 years.
    • The age of the elderly training and the autumn leaves mark will be changed from 75 years old to 70 years old.
    • Handicapped person sign(Four-leaf mark) is set.
    • Prescribes the obligations of a car driving agency[3].
  • 2004(16) April 11
    • Use of mobile phones, etc. while driving[2]Penalty strengthening[4][5].
    • Noise driving, silencer (Scarf) Strengthening penalties for defective vehicles, etc.[5].
    • Strengthening penalties for refusing to be intoxicated[5].
    • Simplification of detection of joint dangerous acts by runaway tribes.
    • Civil protection lawRegulations on traffic regulations in the case of armed attack situations, etc.
  • 2005(17)
    • April 4: Two-seater ban on motorcycles on the highway lifted (drivers have conditions).
    • June 6: Introduced "AT car limited" as a default course to large motorcycle licenses and ordinary motorcycle licenses (including small limited).
  • 2006(18) April 6
    • Outsourced parking violation control to the private sectorNeglect feeIntroduction of the system.Parking guardHas begun to crack down on parking violations.Also, if the driver refuses to pay the offense, the car owner will have to pay it.
  • 2007(19)
    • May 6: "Ordinary car"as well as"Large car"Ordinary car" ""Medium-sized carAnd "large car".
    • May 8
      • Parking prohibited and time restrictions Changes in the type, obstacle classification, and class of notebooks related to the issuance of marks posted on vehicles that are excluded from traffic restrictions in parking sections[6].
      • Partial change of exclusion measures from vehicle prohibition regulations for exclusion marks for persons with disabilities, etc.[7].
    • May 9
  • 2008(20) April 6
    • Mandatory seatbelts for rear seats.
    • Mandatory display of elderly driver mark (maple mark).
    • Hearing impaired signIntroduction of (butterfly mark, butterfly mark) and mandatory display.
    • Virtually relaxed requirements for bicycle sidewalks.
  • 2009(21)
    • May 4
      • There are no penalties for requiring the display of the elderly driver mark (maple mark).Duty of effortWas returned to.
      • It has become possible to set up parking sections exclusively for the elderly, disabled and pregnant women.
      • Highway / car-only roadThe penalties for fluttering (violation of the obligation to maintain the distance between vehicles) have been strengthened from "fines of 5 yen or less" to "imprisonment of 3 months or less or fines of 5 yen or less".
    • September 9: A three-wheeled vehicle with the structure specified in the Cabinet Office notification is regarded as a motorcycle (Specific motorcycle) The Road Traffic Law Enforcement Regulations have been amended to add provisions.
  • 2012(24) April 4
    • Turn at the right turn arrow signal (except for places where turning is prohibited by road signs / road markings)U-turn) Is now possible.
  • 2014(26) April 9
    • Penalties for false declarations when obtaining or renewing a driver's license for a disease that interferes with driving.
    • Roundabout CirculationThe traffic method is decided (definition, transportation method, etc.).
  • 2015(27)
    • February 6:BicycleStrengthening of penalties for traffic violations.
    • May 6: Even if a person is injured in a traffic accident due to drunk driving or overworked driving, the driver's license is temporarily suspended.
  • 2017(29)May 3
    •  Strengthening measures for elderly drivers (drivers aged 75 and over)
      •  Temporary cognitive function test, new training for the elderly
      •  If it was judged that there was a risk of dementia, it was necessary to submit a medical certificate from a doctor. * If you are diagnosed with dementia as a result of a doctor's diagnosis, your driver's license will be revoked or suspended.[8]
      • Elderly training at the time of renewal is now classified from the results of cognitive function tests.
    • The classification of "ordinary car" is "ordinary car" and "ordinary car"Semi-medium-sized carRevised to.
  • 2019(ReiwaFirst year) March 12
    • While drivingMobile phoneUse of etc. ("While driving”) Strengthening penalties[2]..事故発生その他交通の危険を生じさせた場合、非反則行為となるIf an accident occurs or other traffic hazards occur, it will be a non-foul act.[9][10].
    • Self-driving carNew penalties for use[11].
  • 2020(2nd year of Reiwa) May 6
    • Interfering driving (Tilting driving) Strict punishment, creation of obstructive driving crime[12]
    • Safety measures for the elderly aged 75 and over (mandatory actual vehicle driving tests for violators, etc. Scheduled to be enforced by June 2022)[12]

Traffic foul notification system

A system related to Chapter 9 "Special Provisions for Processing Procedures for Offenses (Article 125-132)".


[How to use footnotes]

注 釈


  1. ^ List of abbreviations
  2. ^ a b c This includes the case where the image display device (display screen, regardless of TV, DVD, mobile phone, etc.) brought into the vehicle is held by hand and the displayed image is closely watched.
  3. ^ A provision that requires a second-class driver's license to drive a customer car was established at this time, but the enforcement period has passed two years.2004(Heisei14 years)May 6.
  4. ^ It has been pointed out in the United Kingdom and the United States that the danger of driving with a mobile phone is higher than that of drunk driving.[1].
  5. ^ a b c “In-car mobile phone control starts from November 11, Cabinet decision”. Response. (Eid Co., Ltd.). (March 2004, 8). http://response.jp/article/2004/08/25/63077.html 2016/4/12Browse. 
  6. ^ Procedure / Consultation / Application Form List (Exclusion Marks for Parking Prohibition, etc.) / Application Form for Issuance of Exclusion Marks for Parking Prohibition, etc. (For Physically Handicapped Persons, etc.) --Metropolitan Police Department
  7. ^ Decree / Ordinance / From August 19, 8, some of the exemptions from parking prohibition regulations will change. Main points of revision of the exclusion mark for the physically handicapped --Metropolitan Police Department
  8. ^ All Japan Road Safety Association (2018th revised edition, April 4, XNUMX). "Understanding and learning traffic textbooks". 
  9. ^ "While driving, imprisonment is set and fines are raised. Road Traffic Law Amendment”(Japanese). Asahi Shimbun digital. 2019/5/29Browse.
  10. ^ Impress Corporation (September 2019, 5). “Strengthening penalties for "driving while using a smartphone" and passing the revised Road Traffic Act”(Japanese). Mobile watch. 2019/5/29Browse.
  11. ^ “Development of rules during autonomous driving The revised Road Traffic Act is enacted”. "Nihon Keizai Shimbun"(November 2019, 5). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2019, 11.. https://web.archive.org/web/20191105121116/https://r.nikkei.com/article/DGXMZO45357170Y9A520C1000000?s=5 2019/11/5Browse. 
  12. ^ a b "Strict punishment for road rage is enacted for elderly people who violate the actual vehicle test revised Road Traffic Act"Nihon Keizai Shimbun morning edition June 2020, 6 (social aspect) Viewed June 3, 2020


Related item

外部 リンク

non-motorized vehicle

non-motorized vehicle(Keisharyo) is a term of Japanese law, and in principlePrime moverDoes not havevehicleIs a general term for.

When drivingDriver's licenseIs unnecessary,AutomobileSimilar traffic rules are set, and if a violation is cracked down,Traffic ticket(Red ticket) will be issued.In addition, with a light vehicleLight carIs irrelevant.


Road Traffic LawArticle 2, Paragraph 1, Item 11
The followingDisabledForwheelchairas well as the Walking assistance vehicleEtc.[Note 1]
Lee Bicycle,cartTowed by the power of another person or animal, or by another vehicle, andrailA car that drives without depending (SledAnd cows and horses. )
(B) A vehicle that uses a prime mover and is driven without rails or overhead wires, and is specified by a Cabinet Office Ordinance as equivalent to a in consideration of the size and structure of the vehicle body (""Light vehicle using a motor"reference)
Road Transport Vehicle ActArticle 2 paragraph 4
Tools manufactured for the purpose of moving land by human power or livestock power without using rails or overhead wires, or tools manufactured for the purpose of towing and moving land by this, and specified by Cabinet Order.
Road Transport Vehicle Law Enforcement Ordinance Article 1 (Cabinet Order referred to in Road Transport Vehicle Law Article 2, Paragraph 4)
Carriage,Ox cart,Horse sled,cart,rickshaw,Tricycle(SidecarAttachedIncluding two-wheeled bicycles. )as well asCart

That is,Road Transport Vehicle Act(Including safety standards for road transport vehicles)Two wheels OfBicycle(Excluding sidecars),Four-wheelBicycleThere are no restrictions on (including four or more wheels).The same applies to cow sleds, dog sledding, and cows and horses. (That is, these are not regulated by the Road Transport Vehicle Decree).

on the other hand,Road lawAlthough there is no definition of "bicycle" in the law, "light vehicle" in the law is defined as a light vehicle specified in the Road Traffic Act.Therefore, the handling of light vehicles and bicycles in the Road Law and road signs is in accordance with the Road Traffic Law.

Light vehicle using a motor

Conventionally, it was a major premise that light vehicles did not use a prime mover, but a law that partially amends the Road Traffic Act (First year of ReiwaLaw No. 20) Only those that meet all of the following certain conditions due to the enforcement of the amendmentConsidered as a light vehicleIt became a thing[2][3].

  • Vehicle length 4.0m or less
  • Vehicle width 2.0m or less
  • Height 3.0m or less
  • The prime mover must be an electric motor
  • The driver must drive while walking (it is assumed that the driver does not get on the vehicle, which is like a loading platform. Also, both for cargo and for passengers are assumed).
  • The prime mover stops when the driver leaves the car

Somewhat largeElectric cart / electric rear car, electric (assist) rickshawEtc., and it is assumed that the speed does not greatly exceed human walking.[4]..As it is treated as a light vehicle, sidewalks are basically prohibited as described later.

Electric that meets certain standardsShopping cartAnd electricTrolley caseEtc. are different from thisWalking assistance vehicleBecause it is treated, it does not depend on the above revision and the above provisionsTreated as a pedestrian.

Treatment under the Road Traffic Act

Example of a light vehicle

Specifically, it refers to the following under the Road Traffic Act.In addition, it should be notedIn this chapterThose that fall under the definition of light vehicle under the Road Transport Vehicle LawTaizi(The Road Transport Vehicle Law does not have any clear stipulations in the law, see the above).

  • Bicycle (DefinitionSee also)
    • However,Opinion of the National Police AgencyAccording to, those who meet all of the following conditionsCar for childrenIt is classified as a pedestrian and is treated as a pedestrian, but there are also negative opinions in the case law.
      • Bicycles on which people (under 6 years old) are riding before entering elementary school
      • The size of the car body is large enough for people under 6 years old (wheels are about 16 inches or less)
      • Easy to drive and brake, with a speed of about 4 to 8 kilometers per hour
  • Tandem bicycle(Because the total length exceeds 190 cm and can seat two adultsOrdinary bicycleis not[5])
  • cart(Definition,andAmbiguous by definitionreference)
    • Hand-pushedTrolley,猫車,Daihachi car,CartItems that can carry a considerable amount of heavy objects, such as
      • In Tokyo, the loading platform area exceeds 1.65 square meters大車(Relationship with load weight restrictions).
    • However,Shopping cartEtc. (described later) are treated as pedestrians.
  • rickshaw
  • Sled(DefinitionSee also.In addition, cow sled,Horse sled,Dog sleddingな どWorking animalIncluding those towed by
  • 牛and(I.e.(People are pulling or riding)
  • Of the festivalFloat(With wheels)[6]
  • Ox cart,Carriage, Other animal-towed vehicles
  • "Towed vehicle (towed vehicle) towed by another vehicletrailer)” (■)
    • The trailerAutomobileorMotorized bicycleIf it is towed by, it will be treated as a part of the towed vehicle, etc. due to the application of the traffic method (Road Traffic Act Chapter 3), but if it is separated independently, it will be treated as a light vehicle. ..
    • (■) The handling of trailers under the Road Transport Vehicle Law is different from the Traffic Law, regardless of the state of towing or single separation,Car classIt is classified as an automobile or an accompanying vehicle based on the combination of and the towing side (parent vehicle).

Those that are not light vehicles

The following is the Road Traffic ActPedestrianWill be treated as.

If you are walking by pushing a two-wheeled or three-wheeled bicycle (excluding those with sidecars and those that are towing other vehicles), the Road Traffic ActPedestrianWill be treated as[8]..However, other things such as when a person is pulling a cow and horse, a rickshaw, a cart, etc. are not treated as pedestrians.[8].

Even if it is treated as a pedestrian as described above, it will be treated differently if it forms a "procession" (Article 11 of the Road Traffic Act).Detail isPedestrianreference.

Ambiguous by definition

Next, regarding the classification in this item, the legal treatment is not uniquely determined because it is ambiguous which type it corresponds to.

What is considered a playset rather than a light vehicle

Those that fall under the following are prohibited from being used on "roads with frequent traffic" as "roller skating or similar acts" (Road Traffic Act, Article 76, Paragraph 4, Item 3).If you violate5 yenfineBe treated by[9].. There is no clear standard for "frequent", but it is understood that there is a traffic volume that can cause a danger of traffic with other pedestrians and vehicles.

However, it is not limited to the above.Also, of theseelectric motor,Internal combustion engineAs a general rule, those withMotorized bicycleorAutomobileIt will be treated ("Motorized bicycle # Regulations on small electric vehicles, etc.See).However,, Said "Light vehicle using a motorElectric vehicles that satisfy the above conditions are treated as light vehicles.[Note 2].

Regulations based on the Road Transport Vehicle Law

Vehicle Lawuppernon-motorized vehicle(The above-mentioned "Example of a light vehicleListed inTaiziThe regulations of the law for those) are as follows.However, the definition in the Vehicle Law is not strict.


Both are empty[14].

  • Human power (including bicycles) is 4.0 m or less in length, 2.0 m in width, and 3.0 m in height.
  • Due to livestock power, the length is 12.0m or less, the width is 2.5m, and the height is 3.5m.


  • PassengerCarriage, RidingOx cart, RidingHorse sled,rickshaw, RidingTricycle(SidecarIncludes a passenger two-wheeled bicycle with an attachment. ) And passengerCart
    • These must be equipped with suitable brakes (excluding rickshaws)[15]..However, performance and other detailed standards are not stipulated by the Vehicle Law. (BicycleIf applicable, there are provisions by the Traffic Law, which will be described later)
    • These must be able to ensure a safe ride and be equipped with suitable seats and alarms.[15]..Regarding performance and other detailed standards, it is estimated that the "Notification that sets out the details of safety standards for road transport vehicles" for light vehicles has not been established.[15].
  • Other than the above two (for example,For freightLight vehicles in general, unicycle trailers, unicycles, unicycles, two-wheeled bicycles (excluding sidecars), with a structure and formBicycles with four or more wheelsWhat is)
    • Vehicle LawThere are no restrictions on brakes, seats or cyclists based on (Traffic lawRegulations will be described later).

How to pass

Passing lane

Light vehiclesAutomobile,Motorized bicycle,trolley busAt the same time, in the Road Traffic Act, "vehicleIncluded in[16],Vehicle traffic zoneIs not provided道路(Sidewalk,Roadside beltとroadwayOn a road with a distinction, approach the left end of the road)[17][18],Vehicle traffic zoneThe leftmost vehicle lane on the road whereFirst lane) Must pass[17][19].

Priority lanes such as fixed-route buses, Even if there is a route bus lane, a regular bicycle lane, or any other lane, all light vehicles, including all forms of bicycles, are on the leftmost vehicle lane (First lane) Pass[20]..The leftmost vehicle lane (first lane) is "For ordinary bicycles onlyEven in the case of "traffic zone", all light vehicles including all bicycles will pass there.[20]..In addition, "Vehicle traffic classification""Traffic classification of certain types of vehiclesIn the case of ", follow the classification[20].

Sidewalk traffic

Two-wheeled or three-wheeled light vehiclesOrdinary bicycle(sidecarWith andCycle trailerExcept for)Exceptions to sidewalk trafficIs applied.

  • Exceptions to sidewalk trafficIsOrdinary bicycle(sidecarWith andCycle trailer(Excluding),Bicycle lane on the sidewalkWhen passing, or if the driver is a child under 12 years old, an elderly person or a disabled person, "It is unavoidable to walk on the sidewalk in order to ensure the safety of bicycle traffic in light of the conditions such as the roadway. If it is recognized, it means to slow down or pass on the sidewalk.
  • When passing on the sidewalk due to an exception, the following must be observed.[21]
    • Slow down from the center of the sidewalk toward the road.
      • However, on the sidewalkRoad markingIf there is a "normal bicycle sidewalk section (114-3)", you can pass "at a safe speed and method" only if there are no pedestrians passing through or trying to pass through that section.[22]
    • When it obstructs the passage of pedestriansBicyclePause.

theseother thanLight vehicle (Ordinary bicycleBicycles other thanBicycles with four or more wheels, Light vehicles other than bicycles,sidecarBicycle with orCycle trailer),Ordinary bicycleIf you tow another vehicle (rear car, etc.), you cannot pass on the sidewalk, except for crossing to get in and out of the road, as with automobiles.Therefore, it is strictly a traffic violation to tow a rear car by bicycle while passing on the sidewalk because a transportation company or a liquor store delivers it.

Bicycle path

Bicycle pathIf there are two or three wheelsOrdinary bicycle(sidecarWith andCycle trailer(Except) must pass there in principle[23].

Ordinary bicycleother thanTwo-wheeled or three-wheeledBicycle(sidecarWith andCycle trailer(Excluding) can pass the bicycle path[24].

the aboveother thanLight vehicle (Bicycles with four or more wheels, Light vehicles other than bicycles,sidecarBicycle with orCycle trailer) Cannot pass on a bicycle path with the exception of crossing for entering and exiting the road, like automobiles.[24].

Roadside belt

Roadside beltIf there is a light vehicleOn the left side of the roadRoadside belt[25]Can pass, butPedestrianMust proceed at a speed and method that does not obstruct the passage of[26].. (For light vehicles including bicyclesReverse runTherefore,On the right side of the roadRoadside beltCannot pass[25][27])

Separated by a double white linePedestrian-only roadside beltCannot pass with exceptions such as crossing for entering and exiting the road[25].

Turn left or right

When turning right at an intersection or when turning right to get in and out of the road, Article 34, Paragraph 3 of the Road Traffic Act states, "Before that, approach the left edge of the road as much as possible and follow the side edge of the intersection. You have to slow down. "Two-step right turnMust be done.

Similarly, for motorized bicycles, which also stipulate a two-step right turn, it is obligatory under certain conditions such as the presence or absence of traffic control, but for light vehicles, when turning right常 にYou have to make a two-step right turn.AlsoTraffic classification by direction of travelEven when turning left, going straight or right at an intersection designated as, light vehicles are excluded by the proviso of Article 35, Paragraph 1 of the Road Traffic Act, and you must pass through the leftmost vehicle lane in advance.[Note 3].


Light vehicles, including bicycles, must not be translated (except for temporary translations such as overtaking)[28]

road sign

Boarding, loading and towing restrictions

(All belowIn the case of Tokyo)[29]


For light vehicles that fall under the category of two-wheeled or three-wheeled bicycles, see "Japanese bicycle # Necessary equipment when running on public roadsSee.

  • Light vehicles other than two-wheeled or three-wheeled bicycles (trailer(Including), do not allow more passengers to ride according to the riding device (when a driver 16 years or older is surely carrying one infant with a babysitter band, etc., the infant is driving 1 years or older. Considered as part of the person)


Weight isVehicle weightDoes not include.

  • 4 wheelsOx cart,Carriage(Unknown for other animal species, the same applies below) weighs 2,000 kg or less, and two-wheeled ox carts weigh 2 kg or less.
  • Large vehicle (loading area of ​​1.65 square meters or morecart) Is 750 kg or less.
  • Other than ox carts and large carscartIs 450 kg or less.
  • When towing a rear car with a light vehicle, the rear car weighs 120 kg or less.
  • Bicycles with a loading platform, etc. weigh less than 30 kg.

Dimension limit

  • In the case of a bicycle with a loading platform, the length is less than or equal to the length of the loading platform plus 0.3 m.The width is less than the width of the loading platform, etc. plus 0.3 m.The height is 2.0 m or less when loaded.
  • In the case of an ox cart, the length is less than the length of the loading platform, etc. plus 0.6 m.The width is less than the width of the loading platform, etc. plus 0.3 m.The height is 3.0m or less when loaded.
  • In the case of a large vehicle, the length is less than the length of the loading platform, etc. plus 0.6 m.The width is less than the width of the loading platform, etc. plus 0.3 m.The height is 2.0 m or less when loaded.
  • Other than ox carts and large carscartIn the case of, the width is less than the width of the loading platform, etc. plus 0.3 m.The height is 2.0 m or less when loaded.

Method restrictions

  • In the case of a bicycle with a loading platform, the total length of the parts protruding from the loading platform, etc., must be 0.3 m or less, and the parts protruding from the left and right sides must be 0.15 m or less.
  • In the case of an ox cart, the total length of the parts protruding from the loading platform and seats must be 0.6 m or less, and the parts protruding to the left and right must be 0.15 m or less.
  • Large car andcartIn the case of, the part protruding from the loading platform to the left and right should be 0.15 m or less.


Light vehicles must not tow other vehicles on busy roads (Cycle trailerIs also included in this)

However, this does not apply if the bicycle is towing the rear car with a towing device that is stiff and can withstand operation.

Lights and safety equipment

safety equipment

"Regulations based on the Road Transport Vehicle LawSee also.

Light vehicles that fall under the category of bicycles are subject to traffic law regulations regarding braking devices (brake), alarms, etc.Detail is"Japanese bicycle # Necessary equipment when running on public roads"reference.


Regulations on headlights, taillights, and reflector materialsBicycleIt is the same as the following. (In the case of Tokyo[29])

  • Headlight: White or pale yellow with a luminous intensity that allows you to see obstacles at a distance of 10 m ahead.
  • Taillight: Red, with a luminous intensity that makes it easy to check the lighting from a distance of 100m behind at night.

The taillight is not required if the following reflectors are provided.

  • Red or orange, the reflected light of the headlights can be easily confirmed from a distance of 100 m behind at night.
  • For bicycles and light vehicles with a rear surface width of 0.5 meters or more, provide one or more on each side (two or more in total).

As mentioned above, either the taillight or the reflector material may be used (both may be used).The headlight is not required when towed by another vehicle, and the taillight is not required when towed by another vehicle.

Carts (excluding non-light vehicles such as shopping carts), rickshaws, sleds, ox carts, carriages, etc.At nightLights and reflector goods are needed.However, cows and horses (people pulling or riding) are not required even at night.

Handling of "light vehicles, etc." on toll roads

toll roadIn the toll of "light vehicleWaitIn addition to light vehicles such as bicycles,Vehicles that fall under the category of ordinary motorcyclesOf which, the total displacement is 125cc or lessMotorcycle[Note 4](Vehicles that fall under the "motorized bicycle" in the Road Transport Vehicle Law) andMotorized bicycle(Motorcycles with a total displacement of 50cc or less, etc.) are also included.In addition, it should be notedRoad Traffic LawInOrdinary carCorresponds toMinicarAlso falls under the category of "motorized bicycle" under the Road Transport Vehicle Law.

highwayRegardless of the toll road, whether or not the road can be passed depends on the "automobile only" road sign (in this case, motorcycles of 50cc or less and miniature cars, which are treated as motorized bicycles under the Vehicle Law, cannot pass) or individual roads.Road closedIt is customary to be regulated by road signs.

Therefore, just because "light vehicle, etc." is displayed on the toll does not mean that a light vehicle (or a motorized bicycle under the Vehicle Law) can pass.


注 釈

  1. ^ Prior to the enforcement of the revision of the Law for Partial Revision of the Road Traffic Law (Law No. 20 of the First Year of Reiwa),Bicycle,cartTowed by the power of another person or animal, or by another vehicle, andrailA car that drives without depending (SledAnd cows and horses. )DisabledForwheelchair,Walking assistance vehicleEtc. andCar for childrenIt was a definition of "other than"[1].
  2. ^ In addition to these playsets, the same applies to the light vehicles listed in the previous examples.
  3. ^ Traffic lights, etc. must be observed.Also, a motorized bicycle that makes a two-step right turn with a light vehicle cannot enter the intersection (must stop) at the traffic light indicated by the blue right arrow when trying to make a right turn.
  4. ^ However,Vehicles that fall under the category of ordinary motorcyclesOf which, the total displacement is 125cc or lessEvenSidecar(sidecar)Vehicles equipped withLight carOf course, the toll distinction is "Light cars, etc.It corresponds to.


  1. ^ "Law | National Police Agency website”(Japanese). National Police Agency website. 2020/1/29Browse.
  2. ^ "Law | National Police Agency website”(Japanese). National Police Agency website. 2020/1/29Browse.
  3. ^ Amendment Road Traffic Law Enforcement Regulations Article 1-2-2
  4. ^ September 9, 19st year of Reiwa Chief of each department in the agency Chief of the Traffic Bureau of the Police Agency ・ About the operation of the traffic police due to the enforcement of the law to partially revise the Road Traffic Act (Notice) https://www.npa.go.jp/laws/notification/koutuu/kouki/291030/7.pdf
  5. ^ Road Traffic Law Enforcement Regulations Article 9-2
  6. ^ Fukushima Prefecture Citizens' Traffic Disaster Mutual Aid Association. “Questions about the accident". 2019/7/14Browse.
  7. ^ "Road Traffic Act (Act No. XNUMX of XNUMX) Article XNUMX, Paragraph XNUMX Light Vehicles". e-Gov Law Search. Administrative Management Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (September 2019, 6). 2020/1/21Browse. "Reiwa First Year Cabinet Order No. 2019 Amendment, Enforced on July 7, 1"
  8. ^ a b Road Traffic Law Article 2, Paragraph 3, Item 1
  9. ^ Road Traffic Act Article XNUMX, Paragraph XNUMX, Item XNUMX
  10. ^ Asahi Shimbun Digital: Skateboarding in downtown, XNUMX people arrested Suspected of violating the Road Traffic Act Osaka-Society ソ ー ス Archive
  11. ^ "Skateboarding on the roadway Detected for violating the Road Traffic Act | Response (Response.jp)"Response (Response.jp)".2018/11/11Browse.
  12. ^ "Skateboarding on the roadway Detected for violating the Road Traffic Act | Response (Response.jp)"Response (Response.jp)".2018/11/11Browse.
  13. ^ "A man skateboarding on the road, hit-and-run and seriously injured | Response (Response.jp)"Response (Response.jp)".2018/11/11Browse.
  14. ^ Road transport vehicle safety standards Article 68
  15. ^ a b c Safety standards for road vehiclesFrom Article XNUMX to Article XNUMX
  16. ^ Road Traffic Law Article 2, Paragraph 1, Item 8
  17. ^ a b Road Traffic Act Article 17 Paragraph 1
  18. ^ Road Traffic Act Article 18
  19. ^ Road Traffic Act Article 20 Paragraph 1 text
  20. ^ a b c Orders for road signs, lane markings and road markings各条
  21. ^ "Can my bicycle run on the sidewalk?What are the four cases where passage is permitted?”(Japanese). Vehicle news. 2020/1/26Browse.
  22. ^ Road Traffic Act Article 63-4, Paragraph 2
  23. ^ Road Traffic Act Article 63-3
  24. ^ a b Road Traffic Act Article 17 Paragraph 3
  25. ^ a b c Revised Road Traffic Act (enforced on December 25, 12) Article 1-17, Paragraph 2
  26. ^ Road Traffic Act Article 17-2, Paragraph 2
  27. ^ Road Traffic Act Article 17 Paragraph 4
  28. ^ Road Traffic Act Article 19
  29. ^ a b Tokyo Road Traffic Regulations

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