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📚 | There were multiple authors of "Choju-Giga"!


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There were multiple authors of "Choju-Giga"!

 
If you write the contents roughly
In addition, there is no text that describes a story that complements the entire "Choju-Giga".
 

The special exhibition "All about National Treasure Choju-Giga" began on the 13th (April 2021) at the Tokyo National Museum in Ueno, Tokyo ... → Continue reading

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Birds and beasts caricature

Birds and beasts caricatureIs theKyoto CityUkyo Ward OfKozanji TempleOf the paper book ink painting that is transmitted toPicture scroll.National treasure.Bird and beast caricatureAlso called. The current composition consists of all four volumes called Ko, Otsu, Hei, Ding. The content reflects animals and people, reflecting the times of the times.caricatureIt is drawn in a realistic manner, and begins with a picturecaricatureIt can be said that it is the culmination of. EspeciallyRabbit-カ エ ル-monkeyetcPersonificationThe instep roll drawn by is very famous.

Recent restorations have revealed that what was originally written on the front and back sides has been stripped off with a lining and is now in a state of being transmitted.

Current in some scenesComicBecause there are some methods similar to the effect used inJapan's oldest cartoonHowever, in recent research, from the origin of Kozanji Temple and the rating of this picture scroll at Kozanji Temple,Negative opinions are the mainstream to call it "Japan's oldest manga" because it is likely to have some religious implications.[Source required]

Regarding the establishment, there is no clear connection between each volume, and the writing style and style are different,12st century - 13st century(Heian periodLate-- Kamakura PeriodMultiple in a wide range of ages (early)AuthorAlthough it was drawn as a separate work with a different production background, it is said that it was collected as a bird and beast character caricature as a result of being introduced to Kosanji Temple.

Informed to the author as a master of caricatureToba monk Masakaku Toba(Tobasojokaku) has been imitated, but there is no material to show it, and as it is said that the formation and the authors of each volume are different, as described above, some of the writings by Tomasa Toba are actually added. It is doubtful whether it is.

Currently, the instep and Hinoe rollsTokyo National Museum, Otsu and ChomakiKyoto National MuseumIt has been deposited and stored at.

Contents of each volume and brief / model

None of the current volumes are accompanied by a lyric book.

It has been about 800 years since the Choju-jingai was produced, and due to the nature of collecting a large number of works, it does not retain its original form. There were many "cuts" that seemed to have been originally part of the caricatures of birds and beasts due to dropouts and changes in connections. Before they are in their current formCopyFrom the model that was made, it is possible to estimate the appearance at the time of drawing, or the complexity that progresses over time.

Instep

By various animalsPlaying in the water-Betting / Betting Bow (Noriyumi)-Sumo such asgame,Decree-quarrelThe scene is drawn. DrawnHagiFrom vegetation such asFall:It seems to be a scene of. From the brief and the model, it is thought that the original scroll was an independent picture scroll of two or more volumes at the beginning, of which at least one volume was from grass grass.snakeWith the appearance of, the animals fled, and the game was over. The current Komaki encountered posterity火災There are some additions to make up for the burnt damage caused by the burn and the unnaturalness of the lost (possibly somehow taken away) cuts.

2009(HeiseiIt was found that the paintings in the middle and the latter half of the instep were swapped in the large-scale repairs that took place from (21) to 4 years. During the war in the Muromachi period, Kosanji TempleCathedralThere is a record that it was burnt, but it may have been taken away at this time, and the order may have changed when it was later collected and reconnected.

[1][Page number required].

Otomaki

Horse-牛-hawk-dog-chicken-goatNot only the animals around us,Leopard-tiger-象-獅子-Unicorn-竜-BakuOverseas animals such asFictional animalThe ecology of various animals, including, is depicted, and animalsPicture bookA volume with a strong character as.artistIt is also pointed out that it was a powder book that we used as a model when drawing pictures.

Volume

The first half of the 10 pieces depicts a game played by people, and the second half of the 10 pieces depicts a game played by animals like a carnival. The latter half is said to have been modeled after the game of animals in the instep.

Due to the difference in brush strokes between the first half and the second half, it was thought that the picture scrolls drawn separately were combined into one volume.Kyoto National MuseumIn the process of restoration by, it was originally a figure painting on the front and an animal painting on the back.Japanese paperI found that it was made into a picture scroll by peeling it off into two thin pieces and joining them together.[2][Page number required].. There is an ink mark on the 19th walking frog picture, and the second oneSugorokuBack to back with the picture of the person playing, the 19th ink mark (Crow hatAfter it was found that the position of the eboshi in the second portrait matches the position of the eboshi, the ink marks on the first and 2th, the third and the 1th, etc. may match. Do you get it. As a result, the animal painting was originally drawn on the back of the 20 portraits,Edo PeriodTo鑑賞It is estimated that it was divided into two pieces for ease of use.It is also thought that after pasting the two paintings together, the eboshi part was added and then peeled off for posterity to separate it.

Chomaki

Besides playing by people,Palace eventIs also drawn. The drawing lines are free-spirited, and the difference in brush strokes from other volumes stands out.

Brief

Collection of Tokyo National Museum

The length is 30.7 cm, the width is 83 cm, and the horizontally long paper in the center is joined by short paper on the left and right.hanging scrollIs mounted on[3][4].. From the right, a frog wearing a long brim hat and geta, operating a fan, a fox wearing a tree leaf hat and a branch that looks like a sword, a monkey wearing tree leaves around its head, shoulders, waist, and a monkey wearing a crow hat. , A frog with a big leaf instead of an eboshi over the monkey is drawn[4].. Of the four national treasures mentioned above, the part connected to the front of the 4th paper of the first volume is drawn, and there is no evidence that the red stamp of "Kosanji" stamped on the seam was stamped, so it was divided relatively early. Is believed to have been[3].. Since the above-mentioned national treasure survey revealed a series of national treasures,2017(29)Important cultural propertySpecified in[3]. CurrentlyIndependent administrative agencyNational Cultural Property OrganizationOwned byTokyo National MuseumIs stored by[3].

Others

Model

  • Sumiyoshi family tradition model (Edo Shogunate"Rabbit Monkey Game Nakamaki" that was handed down to the family that was the painter of
  • The Nagao family's former warehouse model (Honolulu Museum of ArtKura): As a feature that can only be seen in this model, only the monkey's face is painted in vermilion.
  • Kyoto National MuseumCollection model (Kano SoyuCopyed by. It is said to be a further copy of the Nagao family's old collection)

Others

Image of instep (whole volume)

The screen explanations in this section are as follows.

  • Nobuo Tsuji, "Beast Beast Caricatures and Suzuko-e," Shibundou, Japanese Art 300, 1991, pp.22-33, 87-91.

First paper-First half of fourth paper

Rabbits and monkeys bathing in Tanigawa, rabbits pinching their noses and jumping into the water,LadleA rabbit with a monkey, another monkey holding the monkey's back,deerRabbit riding a horse, and a monkey catching water later.

Second half of fourth paper-seventh paper

Following the depiction of plants, the gambling/gaming competition of the rabbit and frog groups.Lotus leafMade ofOf,Fox firePoint狐,Shinotake OfbowThe rabbit and the frog players who wait for the turn and investigate the condition of the bow and arrow.

Paper 8-Paper 10

After gambling/gaming competitionBanquetForSakecarry. LongKarabitsuTwo rabbits, heavy sakeJarA frog and a rabbit that slammed like a man. A rabbit arriving late for a gambling game and rushing to the playing field.

First paper-First half of fourth paper

(I.e.PriesthoodTogiftRabbit passing the deerboar OfreinsA rabbit that takes care of a frog that draws a sword (this scene has no connection to the previous scene, and it is originally a scene after the gift to the monkey monastery at the end of the main scroll).
Of the monkey running and running awayCriminalAnd the rabbit/frog that tracks itNon-misuse/ Frog turned upside down (quarrel, A rabbit and a frog who are worried and calling out, "The family of foxes turns around.
BinzasaraA frog flyingDakurakuLawyer, with an old frog in a crow hat watching itCat.. Two cats watching the state of the cat from behind the rabbitmouseThere is also. Leftmostpheasant(I know that because the tail feathers are protruding from the hem)princessYou and thatValetOur painting was not originally intended for this scene.

Second half of fourth paper-seventh paper

Rabbit and frog sumo. Rabbits cheering, frogs that use their ears to cover their ears, frogs that throw out rabbits and exhale, rabbits that are thrown away and turn over on their backs, and frogs laughing at them. One of the most well-known scenes in caricatures.

Paper 19-Paper 23

SugorokubanAnd bag (the contents areGoishiTwo monkeys carrying a (or)GoThere was a scene).
The scene of the memorial service,CassockWearingSutraWith Monkey Monk Masaru本尊A frog dressed as a priest, a priest of a fox and a rabbit behind a monkey monk, andfanMrs. Fox (who is the relative of the deceased) who hides his face in and a monkey wiping tears.
A rabbit and a frog carrying a monk and a monk's offering to the monkey monk.

image

footnote

  1. ^ Supervised by Kosanji Temple / Kyoto National Museum ed. The world seen from the repair of bird and beast caricatures 2016
  2. ^ Supervised by Kosanji Temple / Kyoto National Museum ed. The world seen from the repair of bird and beast caricatures 2016
  3. ^ a b c d Agency for Cultural Affairs. “Explanation of cultural properties newly designated as national treasures and important cultural properties in XNUMX". 2018/8/19Browse.
  4. ^ a b National Institutes for Cultural Heritage. “E0042402 Bird and Beast Character Caricature Brief-Tokyo National Museum Image Search". 2018/8/19Browse.
  5. ^ Birds and Beasts Caricatures (Komaki) --MIHO MUSEUM
  6. ^ Birds and Beasts People Caricatures (Choju) --MIHO MUSEUM
  7. ^ "Sumi-e of a frog similar to" Choju-Giga "excavated in Hiraizumi in the latter half of the XNUMXth century". Shikoku Shimbun. http://www.shikoku-np.co.jp/national/culture_entertainment/20130125000397 
  8. ^ Ayumu Takashiro (December 2015, 12). “Japan's national treasure "Bird caricature" appeared on the desk as a smartphone stand and memo stand, a practical gashapon "Bird car drawing" appeared”. Netorabo. 2016/3/15Browse.
  9. ^ "With this, "Choju-Giga" can be realistically reproduced at home, and frog and rabbit figures are now available”. GIGAZINE (May 2016, 2). 2016/3/15Browse.
  10. ^ "Ghibli's Toshio Suzuki P expresses" new power "in" Choju-Giga "". Sports report(July 2016, 3). http://www.hochi.co.jp/entertainment/20160315-OHT1T50140.html 2016/3/15Browse. 
  11. ^ Chojugiga Pencil Case/Stuffed Toy, Sekiguchi, December 2017, 12.

References

  • Tsuji Nobuo, "Beast and Beast Character Caricatures and Japanese Art, No. 300, Japanese Art No. 1991," Shibundo, XNUMX
  • Supervised by Kosanji Temple / Kyoto National Museum, "Choju-Giga Repair Report, a World National Treasure Revealed from Bird and Beast Caricature Repair," Tsutomu Shuppan, 2016.ISBN-978 4585270256
  • Shigemi Komatsu, "Japanese Picture Scroll 6 Birds and Beasts Character Caricature", Chuokoron-sha, 1987.ISBN-978 4124026566
    • Small format "Bird character caricature Japanese picture scroll compact version 6" Chuokoronsha, 1994.ISBN-978 4124031867

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