Yuki Poyo "As it is, Yuki Poyo"
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He has appeared in many variety shows and is active as a gravure artist and as an artist with multiple talents.
Yuki Poyo, a model who is active in variety shows, publishes her 3rd photo book "Nice to meet you" (published by Kobunsha, May 5) ... → Continue reading
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Entertainment shows(Variety Bangumi) isTalk-News report-document-Control-comedy-song-quiz-ゲーム-Imitation-Culture-Surprisingly-Gourmet-Location-Image-love-Trivia-magic-Spirit-Sex appeal-AudienceOf some types, such as participatory planningEntertainmentCombinedtv set-Radio programThat is.
Originally a variety show ported to broadcast media, there are two kinds of variety shows, a situation comedy with a script and a live show. The term itself is a coined word from Japan and is called Reality Show in English-speaking countries.
From the 1960s to the 1980s variety shows andComedy show OfformatSpeaking of "A TV that gives you the energy of a genius Takeshi!”, etc.Control programUntil around the 1980s, there were many signboard programs and popular programs of each station, and most of the programs that triggered the break of comedians were Tale programs.
In the 1990s,Document varietyIs called "Electric wave boyWas a hit, and after that, at each stationMecha2Cool!''UrinariAnd 'Raw cod''Astro! DASH!!''Let's go to school''Flat London Boots』And so onLocationThe number of control programs decreased at each station as the popularity of the programs changed with those of the main programs.
On the other hand, it started in 1998Dog laughing』When the series became popular, there was a time when the number of programs with a control program or a control corner temporarily increased.Especially2005IsComedy boomThere is also the influence of "Wannai R & R''Richard Hall''Splashing door''Office worker NEO''10 carat''Falling woman''Minna TV''Utaha HOT Hit 10』And each station was being broadcast program. But thenPrime timeThe number of "Haneruno Tobira", which made a foray into the market, has been drastically reduced since around 2006, and "Wannai" was discontinued in the same year, and the number of conte programs was drastically reduced again.
In the 2000s, the "Dance! pacific saury Goten!!''Downtown DXAnd 'Legal counseling service''Ame talk''Non-slip story''Talking 007"such asTalk showHas become the mainstream of comedy and variety programs, and in 2009Hinadan entertainer"ButBuzzword AwardHas been nominated for.Even now, that trend continues, and in 2016,SMAP x SMAPAfter the end ofPrime time-Prime timeThe regular broadcast of the comet show inCommercial broadcastHas virtually disappeared from.In addition, since SMAP x SMAP also had a music corner, it can be said that the traditional music variety that had continued since the dawn of television has disappeared.
Also, from the end of the 1990sLove variety showIs increasing. 『Ainori''Kisiya, The early "London Hearts''Produced by President Shinsuke''Momote Nine Tine''Nanai's matchmaking operation!''Terraced House''Love toss"Such.
For example,1960 eraUntilAudience ratingThere was a daily variety program that recorded 40-50%. However, at the same time as the times have changed, the viewership of TV programs has been declining overall year by year (see detailsTV awaySee)), the number of single-digit shows is increasing in the present time in the 2010s, and even if it gets 10%, it may even be treated as a high audience rating.
From the latter half of the 2000s to the present of the 2010s, talk programs have become the mainstream of variety programs, and the reason is that production costs can be suppressed,BPO,PTAComplaints fromsponsorThis is because there are relatively few complaints to
Only the program name has been taken over, and the content of the program has changed without any explanation, increasing since the 2000s. As an example, the “Long queue legal counseling” was initiallylawIt was a program that covered, but nowadays the talk is mainly about Hinata who is playing with entertainers and talents on topics that are completely unrelated to the law, and "London Hearts" was originallyAmateur OfloveWhat used to be a project organizer is now talking about female talent and entertainer messSurprisinglyIn addition to the main project, "Mr. Q!!] Is also completely different from the beginningQuiz showIt has been mentioned that.
This is a production method that has been added to programs in which VTR and performer comments are alternately arranged. View the VTR at the end of the VTR (mainly upper right or lower right)talentCame to take a picture of. Officially called PinP (Picture in Picture). Now it's harder to find programs without wipes.
1990 eraThe production that started to increase from the first half. 『Advance! Radio wave boyIs the origin When,"Detective! Night ScoopIs the origin However, in the latter, about 4 years ago when "Denpa Shonen" started broadcasting1988May 6There is a record that the comment follow telop was used for the first time in the broadcast, and from an objective historical fact, it is clear that "Detective! Night Scoop" is the originator.LotteryWhen I interviewed a person who went on the road to buy, an old man said that he would "donate to a refugee" and he cried and was hard to hear.Prime timeBecause the program was organized on a low budget despite the broadcast ofLocationThe pattern of a commercial video camera (For consumer), the sound could not be picked up well, so it is said that the telop was actively used as a measure of bitterness..
"Spicy spice" ("Asahi ShimbunIn the (serialization), until a while ago the telop was "I'm annoying, so let's stop", but the TV industry was in it, but if you make it small or erase it, the viewership will drop immediately, so an extra telop will be displayed. It is said that Regarding this current situation, "The variety program "Push-in telop" has already done at the time of recording, something that would not be interesting unless someone put in a poke. This is very annoying I'm stupid."
In the 2000s, telops were heavily used in variety programs of each station, and there were times when telops were issued to almost all the remarks of the performers, but in the 2010s, the use of telops has decreased from the one-time period. Of the castending,Blur-TsukkomiOften issued at the time of.
This is1980 eraThe method that appeared in the latter half of the 1990s. Nowadays, it often appears with telop.
Taiwan,Chugoku,Hong KongAs likeGreater ChinaIn the variety showSound effectOften flows. This is not edited and added after shooting,Keyboard masterA person specializing in sound effects called (Music Old Master in China)ElectoneUsing, I put music and add sound effects to suit the atmosphere of the scene.
As in Japan and South Korea, it is not uncommon for sound effects to sound together with a telop.
1970 eraThe method that started from. at first"8 o'clock! Everyone gatheredThe mainstream was the live performances often seen in "We Hyokin』Fusion,Western musicExisting songs such asmovies,Drama,Anime OfSoundtrack albumIt has become common to add music, etc. that was recorded in to afterwards. [When?]In BGM is often used in the theme, there are not a few examples of BGM used in the past revived.
Measures to change channels in CM
21st centurySince enteringCommercial broadcastThe method that became popular in. You can intentionally cut the scene where the performer intentionally talks about the main points of the topic such as quizzes and answers to questionsProfanity,モ ザ イ クOr switch to CM after making the viewer's interest. As a result, the risk of being switched to another channel during the commercial is reduced, and the program can be continuously watched, and the sponsor can also properly watch the commercial. On the other hand, the telop before the CM and the content after the CM are often completely different, and on the contrary, there are often complaints.
2000 eraWhen I entered, there were many clapping hands when I laughed, and I began to give curiosity to the program as well as the audience rating. OriginallyEuropeDirected from Japan, it has been in Japan since the late 1980s, but at that time it was limited to very few programs. But,2000Regular broadcasting started on "Suddenly! The Golden Legend], And since this production was gradually adopted, it has also been used for rough tracks.The characteristic of this production is that the number of young people (mainly women) clapping their hands has increased because there is a limit to how much they can endure laughter.When closing it, it is closed with a laugh or laugh, but it is not completely unified depending on the broadcasting station and program.
Japanese variety show
Criticism of variety programs
Nikkei Business2006May 1In the issue,Ohashi Kyosen"There are only kinds of things in Japan that I don't understand, called "variety". There are only situation comedies that have a proper script in foreign countries, and only live performances." Criticism."
yuanNHK OfproducerIsKoji Tachimoto"Who made the TV boring?" (PHP InstitutePublish), "The cause of the boring TV programs is mostly in the producer. , "Purchasing programs that are sold overseas from the international market for TV programs, using leading producers, and spending a lot of money to make programs. In comparison, in Japan, a third-class producer who joined the company at Kone is making a program with an idea. Most of them are highly paid with annual income of more than 1,000 million. In addition, even though comedians and talents have been paid millions to tens of millions of pay per appearance, most of the prizes for quizzes and varieties are cheap and cheap. And the entertainers are delighted with the cheap habits and meals due to the habit of getting a lot of money, and they are playing the same level of life as ordinary viewers. I am completely foolish about the viewer. It is rounded down.
Kenichiro MogiWrote in a blog, "Japanese animation has been amazing recently, and Japanese terrestrial television (especially commercial TV shows) is miserable. I'm wondering why such quality can be different." "Commercial TV shows One of the reasons why I failed was because of the comedy culture that is familiar and loosely swept. One way is to have a loose laugh without social criticism, but when it comes to monoculture "The other thing that I can't really understand in recent Japanese TV programs is the "dirt" of screens and sounds. I don't really understand why they use so many subtitles and subtitles to "dirt" the screen, and emphasize the dull hands and laughter of entertainers. Is criticized.
2009 year 11 month,Broadcast Ethics and Program Improvement OrganizationIs "Opinions about recent TV and variety programs"announced.. ``We appreciate the fact that variety shows have helped free people from taboos and create a more free and airy society, but on the other hand, variety shows the characteristic of free and innovative expression. Is there a way to encourage the producer to do more?" After thinking about it, I made a funny proposal with various opinions. In particular"Lower news item"Bullying and discrimination," "inner talk and stupidity among friends," "things in the hands of production are bald," "treating the basics of living poorly" are analyzed by viewers as dislikes."Variety builds a communication space between television, viewers, and the world." He asked, “The committee wants the variety program producers to take a close look at the reality of each viewer. I hope they will create a new variety from that.” And In addition, it is estimated that more than 30 "caution", "severe cautions" and "warnings" have been conducted by the administrative authorities during the last quarter century, but 20 of them, of which nearly 7% are actually a wide variety. It was against the program.'' Are you aware of "the reality that variety programs frequently open up to the interference of public authority"? I asked. He also pointed out the deficiencies in the "Broadcasting Standards" of the Japan Federation of Commercial BroadcastersIn line with broadcasting ethics, "it may be appropriate to create effective guidelines for variety programs in addition to broadcasting standards for broadcast programs in general, if possible." And
On the contraryJapan Private Broadcasting FederationMarch 2010,Variety improvement committeeEvent was held. The producers who gathered commented that the BPO opinion was annoying (50 out of 22), the audience was unstudied (37), and unreasonable on-site intervention... For example, for the risk of punishment games, "In short, there is context in the entire program. I think that the risk is not so big if only the viewers who watch it properly", and the recent programs are less interesting than before. I argued that "I think the quality of each program is definitely higher than before due to editing techniques and directing methods" and "atrophy that has considered the limits of television too much". In response to the BPO's opinion, it was uncomfortable and said, "A program that is not interesting ends up with a poor audience rating.".. The Japan Federation of Commercial Broadcasters announced in October 2010Commercial Broadcasting Agency's efforts in response to "Opinions on recent TV and variety programs"As for "Creation of effective guidelines for variety programs," which was recommended in the written opinion, it was judged that commercial broadcasting could lead to narrowing the expression range of each member company. I decided not to do it." I answered. AlsoFuji Television Network, IncAnnounced "Our Fuji Television Variety Declaration" on Saturday, March 2010, 3 at 27: 10-40: 11, "Everyone is bad.Kinichi HagimotoThe program "is" was broadcast locally in Kanto..
- 30 years of variety shows [1 cool audience rating ranking]
* Regular programs broadcast from 1990 to 2020-Average audience rating for one course (1 months)-
|Ranking||Program name||Audience rating (%)||Average audience rating|
Best record cool
|1||Magical brain power!!||28.18||1996 year 1 month-3 month||Nippon TV|
|2||SMAP x SMAP||27.23||2001 year 1 month-3 month||Fuji Television Network, Inc|
|3||Do not proceed!||26.55||1998 year 7 month-9 month||Nippon TV|
|4||Ito Family Dining Table||26.18||2000 year 1 month-3 month||Nippon TV|
|5||Post! Tokuhou Kingdom||25.69||1995 year 1 month-3 month||Nippon TV|
|6||Let's live with a tunnel of raw!||24.59||1994 year 1 month-3 month||Nippon TV|
|7||Trivia Fountain-Wonderful Waste Knowledge-||24.53||2003 year 7 month-9 month||Fuji Television Network, Inc|
|8||Hiroshi Sekiguchi's Tokyo Friend Park II||24.12||1996 year 1 month-3 month||TBS TV|
|9||Breaking! Song Daiji Ten||23.85||2000 year 1 month-3 month||Nippon TV|
|10||Heisei Board of Education||23.83||1993 year 1 month-3 month||Fuji Television Network, Inc|
|11||Two people who love||23.68||1999 year 10 month-12 month||Fuji Television Network, Inc|
|12||Thanks to everyone in Tunnels||22.75||1993 year 1 month-3 month||Fuji Television Network, Inc|
|13||pacific saury's SUPER Karakuri TV||22.68||1998 year 1 month-3 month||TBS TV|
|14||Quiz world is SHOW by show bye!!||22.65||1992 year 1 month-3 month||Nippon TV|
|15||Call! A rosy rare student !!||22.46||1997 year 1 month-3 month||Nippon TV|
|16||Dance! pacific saury Goten!!||21.79||2003 year 1 month-3 month||Nippon TV|
|17||Ken Shimura is okay.||21.76||1990 year 1 month-3 month||Fuji Television Network, Inc|
|18||The whole world is visible! TV special investigation department||21.75||2000 year 1 month-3 month||Nippon TV|
|19||Quiz! What a year difference||21.50||1992 year 1 month-3 month||Fuji Television Network, Inc|
|20||Nep League||21.42||2009 year 10 month-12 month||Fuji Television Network, Inc|
|21||Kato-chan Ken-chan Gokigen TV||21.28||1990 year 1 month-3 month||TBS TV|
|22||THE night also||21.24||1996 year 1 month-3 month||Nippon TV|
|23||Lol||20.91||2009 year 10 month-12 month||Nippon TV|
|24||Legal counseling service||20.66||2008 year 4 month-6 month||Nippon TV|
|25||Utchan Nanchan's Urinari!!||20.65||1999 year 1 month-3 month||Nippon TV|
|26||Itte Q to the end of the world!||20.48||2015 year 1 month-3 month||Nippon TV|
|27||Extraordinary research 200X||20.32||1999 year 1 month-3 month||Nippon TV|
|28||Potsun and a house||20.23||2020 year 4 month-6 month||TV Asahi|
|29||The! Astro Boy! DASH!!||20.09||2001 year 10 month-12 month||Nippon TV|
|30||Gachinko!||21.01||2001 year 1 month-3 month||TBS TV|
- ^ Hiroyuki"Why I abandoned 2ch" at the end of the bookToshio TsuchiyaFrom the conversation with
- ^ Osamu MatsumotoWritten "Detective! Night Scoop Aho Gene" P139
- ^ "What's going on in the TV scene!? "Telops"" (Producer, TV producer Suguru) Nikkan Gendai March 2010, 3 (Published on 3nd)
- ^ Japanese Anime >>> Japanese Terrestrial Television (Especially Commercial Variety) Kenichiro Mogi Official Blog
- ^ Broadcast Ethics Verification Committee (November 2009, 11). “Opinions about recent TV and variety programs”. Broadcast Ethics and Program Improvement Organization. 2013/1/27Browse.
- ^ P2
- ^ III Five moments when variety is “disliked”
- ^ a b Public space where V variety is realized
- ^ a b I Introduction-Is it worthless to verify variety?
- ^ II Thinking about variety is difficult
- ^ VII Conclusion-New power and charm for variety
- ^ "Private broadcasters discuss their true intentions Variety program BPO Opinions”. Asahi Shimbun (September 2010, 3). 2010/3/16Browse.
- ^ Monthly Commercial May 2010 Special Feature "Variety Now"
- ^ a b Commercial Broadcasting Agency's efforts in response to "Opinions on recent TV and variety programs"
- Japanese comedy history
- List of TV programs
- Quiz show
- Talk show
- Game show
- Prime time
- Prime time
- Midnight program
- Variety idol
- Vulgar show
- Harmful program
- Broadcast Ethics and Program Improvement Organization
- Postcard craftsman
- Love variety show
- Human variety
- Reality show
- Sex appeal program