Is it a scream again? !!Baseball manga "Irregulars" author faints in agony
If you write the contents roughly
⚾️ Baseball manga ⚾️ "Irregulars" ⚾️ STORY ⚾️ "Even we like this ... If you don't give up, you'll surely be able to aim for the dream stage Koshien!
Naoki Matsumoto, an up-and-coming manga artist who suddenly started Twitter this spring.In fact, his tweets and comments were posted on the 28th ... → Continue reading
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Baseball cartoon(Yakyu Manga) isComicIs one of the genres ofbaseballThemed comics, baseball is an important element of the story.Generally fiction,Professional baseballWhen the theme is, the team name, players, and the winning team may be matched to reality.
History of Japanese baseball manga
MeijiBaseball, which came to Japan early in Japan, graduallyJapanIt spread to.1934At the Japan-US friendly baseball game held in NovemberEiji SawamuraWrote a mountain of strikeouts against a big leaguer, and although he lost the game, he kept it to one point.After that, Sawamura died in the war, so the image of "a tragic boy genius pitcher" was planted in the masses, and later as a reproduction that changed the shape of Sawamura's story, "Small magic ball], [Giant star』To lead to.
TaishoFrom the timesShowaBaseball, which became popular in the early days,News (Chinese),magazine,Graph magazineIt is scattered in 1-frame comics, 4-frame comics, etc. that were published in..Manga work in the early Showa period "NorakuroThere is an episode in which the characters play baseball.Adventure DankichiIn 』, there is also a scene where characters in costumes with uniform numbers that are reminiscent of baseball players' uniforms appear..
However, during the war, baseball became a "hostile sport", and baseball was no longer dealt with in children's magazines..
GHQHas recommended baseball to the Japanese people, and baseball manga was quickly revived after the war.
1947(Showa 22) "Children's Manga" (Kawazu Shoten) Vol. 10 No. 2 published in October is a special issue of "Shonen Baseball", and four baseball-themed works, "The best in Japan 8 years ago" Boys' Team "(Masaru Yoshitani, 1-frame manga), "Waseda-Keio" (Otajiro, 1-frame manga), "Elephant-chan's home run" (Katabirasum, 11-frame manga), "San-chan's home run king" (Niizekikennosuke, 4) Page cartoon) is posted..In December of the same year, "Cartoon boy(School Children's Company) was launched, and "Bat』Starts serialization.This "Bat-kun" is often the beginning of Japanese baseball manga... "Bat-kun" is not a hero, and the main character is an ordinary junior high school student who has no special background, and it became the earliest category as a manga depicting daily life, and a real professional baseball player appeared in the work. It is also the source of later baseball manga, sports manga, and manga that depicts everyday life with humor...Also, in 22Osamu Tezukaof"Shin treasure islandWas announced,Hasegawa Machikoof"SazaeIt is also the year when the serialization of.
1949"Bat-kun" is incomplete due to the sudden death of the author, but Otajiro,Fukui Eiichi,Kinoshita Toshio,Masao TanakaBaseball manga by children's manga artists and prewar animation producers has been available since 1949.1954Was published in a magazine for boys..Many of the baseball manga around this time had junior high school students as the main characters, and the main characters were the "good children" and "expected children's images" that "postwar Japan" sought..
"Cartoon boyDebuted from a reader's postHiroo TeradaIs the first full-scale serialized work "Baseball Boy""Jersey number 1956" will be published from the January 1 issue... "Jersey number 0" was also a work depicting the daily lives of baseball-loving boys who can be said to be the successor to "Bat-kun"..Terada is also serializing different types of baseball manga at the same time as serializing "Jersey Number 0". "Sportsman Sasuke" ("Baseball Boy" 1957-) is a work in which a ninja joins the fictitious professional baseball world and makes full use of ninjutsu.Magic ballIt can be said that it is the source of "things"..Similarly, Terada's "Sportsman Kintaro" ("Weekly Shonen Sunday』1959-) is a fairy taleKintaro,MomotaroJoined a real professional baseball team with bears, dogs, monkeys, and pheasants.Nagashima Shigeo,Sadaharu OhIt became the origin of baseball manga in which real players coexist with fictitious characters who play an active part with real professional baseball players who were active at that time..
At the same time as the serialization of "Jersey number 0" started, "WeThe serialization began in the January 1956 issue.Masao Tanaka"Liner-kun" was popular at that time.Mr. IgaguriIt was a work that mixed the hot-blooded fighting manga and the grass baseball manga that started with.However, although the main character of "Liner-kun" belongs to the baseball club of the school and participates in the game, the big incident is not a baseball game, but a bad senior who tries to interfere with the game participation, and a hot-blooded fighting manga It wasn't a story like defeating an opponent in baseball, unlike when he threw his opponent in judo etc..
1958ToFunny book』(Shueisha)soHiroshi KaizukaIt became the first serialized work of "Kurikuri pitcherWas also a hot-blooded line, but the main character was "Drockerb"By giving "Special Move" = "Magic Ball", we were able to consolidate the baseball game, which had a team-to-team structure, into a one-on-one confrontation between the main character and a rival... "Kurikuri Pitcher" gained popularity and established a genre that can be called "hero boy baseball manga" in which wacky rivals play baseball games with wacky magic balls and wacky batting methods, and has been serialized for over 6 years. Nearly 20 volumes of books were to be published at the time when it was rarely summarized in..Hiroshi Kaizuka is "Goketsu Player" ("Shonen club],1959~)Such,1960 eraBecome the author of baseball manga that represents.
From 1958 to 1960, there were many baseball comics as "real comics" depicting real professional baseball players.Most of them were one-shot works or one-shot works as an appendix to magazines..
1958ToNagashima ShigeoBut the following year in 1959Sadaharu OhJoined the Giants, and the king1962ToOne footOpen your eyesON gunActive as.The popularity of professional baseball among the Japanese people will finally increase.
1961ToSmall magic ball』(Kazuya FukumotoOriginal,Chiba TetsuyaThe serialization of (drawing) begins with "Weekly Shonen Magazine". As mentioned above, the so-called "magic ball" appeared before "Chikai no Makyu", but "Why is the thrown ball split into two" such as "Drockerb" and "Tamatama ball" of "Kurikuri pitcher"? "Will such a change occur?" Was not justified. In "Chikai no Makyu" (of course, it cannot happen scientifically), it is reasoned.For example, the first magic ball is that "the air at the rear of the ball becomes thin due to high-speed rotation, which acts as a braking force and stops for a moment in front of the batter."It was popular a while agoSanpei Shirato OfNinjaIt was a baseball manga with a plausible reasoning style for ninjutsu and ninjutsu in the works as seen in manga..
Fukumoto continued from 1963 with "Black secret weapon』(Daiji IchimineWriting the original work of drawing).More magic balls will appear here.already"Ninja martial arts book"(Sanpei Shirato),"Shadow circle of Iga』(Yokoyama Mitsuteru) Is being serialized, and it was around the time when the "ninja boom" was taking place. "Black Secret Weapon" is a form that incorporates the ninja boom while tracing the hit points of "Chikai no Makyu".After the serialization of "Black Secret Weapon", Daiji Kazumine released "Doronko Ace", in which a large number of strange magic balls appeared, from 1966.Shonen Gaho』(Shonen Gahosha) serialized..In addition to this, "Ninja Pitcher X" (Ninja Pitcher X) is a manga that adds a ninja element to baseball.Toshio Souji).. In 1964, "Robot Nagashima" (Sci-Fi baseball)Minoru KumeOriginal,Hiroshi KaizukaDrawing) also appears.
These magic balls, ninja baseball, and science fiction baseball were not so much about drawing baseball itself, but rather about drawing a free story like a boy's manga using baseball, or drawing a boy hero.Hiroo TeradaDraws a grass baseball manga, "Jajauma-kun』(Hisashi Sekiya), But it became a shadow of the baseball manga that escalated as a hero action thing, and it became less noticeable..
The 1960s was also a time when the actual Japanese professional baseball world focused on providing services to boy fans in order to further boost its popularity.RikidozanBy the death ofwrestlingBaseball has become the boy's favorite sport, partly due to its decline in popularity.Yomiuri Giants created the mascot character "Mr. Giants"Kenji MoritaIs cartoonized.However, this "Mr. Giants" itself did not become very popular as a work, and it became obsolete without becoming a mascot character...Tetsuya Chiba has been collaborating with the actual Yomiuri Giants in "Shonen Giants" serialized since 1964.At this time, most of the professional baseball that became cartoons were Yomiuri Giants.K. MotomitsuIn 1964Hinomaru Bunko"Kutabare Giants" published byMizushima ShinjiThe exception is Volume 5 of "Shinji Mizushima Bakusho Series", "Yaji no Torayan" (Hinomaru Bunko). "Yaji no Torayan" is an enthusiastic Hanshin Tigers fan and a humorous daily manga depicting the days of the fish shop "Torayan", and is a rare work in the history of Japanese manga with fans as the main characters instead of baseball players..
On the other hand, in the late 1960sKazuo Umezu,Mizuki ShigeruHorror comics boom bySaito Taka,Mitsuyoshi SonodaThere is also a graphic novel boom by them, and baseball manga that follows the conventional trend such as "Miracle A" (Hiroshi Kaizuka, 1965, "Shonen Sunday") where a masked pitcher throws a magic ball is not a big hit. Just.
1966From "Weekly Shonen Magazine"Giant star』(Ikki KajiwaraOriginal,Climbing KawasakiDrawing) Serialization starts.Kajiwara had experience in martial arts manga, but he was not familiar with baseball, and Kawasaki also drew westerns and spy action, but he was not a big fan of baseball.The company ordered "new baseball manga", but at the beginning of the series, I even felt that all the patterns of baseball manga had been completed as mentioned above.Baseball versionMusashi MiyamotoAnd the novel "Ah, receive flowers in the ball cupIt is said that Kajiwara and Kawasaki focused on dramatically depicting the life of a growing boy.Birth, high school enrollment,Koshien, And the protagonist to be close to professional baseball and readersYusei HoshihiAs he grows up, he creates a multi-layered drama that includes a youth drama that he worries, asks himself, repels his parents, and falls in love with a baseball drama, and also aims to become a "star of the giant". It was.Kajiwara's great-era dialogue, Kusaiheroism,Man rights principle, Kawasaki's exaggerated and muddy expression has been the subject of ridicule and criticism since the time of serialization, but it was popular and pushed the magazine "Weekly Shonen Magazine" to 100 million copies... "Star of the Giants" is a dramatic method that incorporates the method of expressing the atmosphere, psychological movements and emotions that was already done in shojo manga at that time, and creates a sense of reality by drawing the power of movement and the background in detail. Was also incorporated.Kawasaki's realistic muscle depiction also played a role in this.In this sense, "Star of the Giants" was innovative as a baseball manga, and although it was in the flow of postwar story manga that originated from Osamu Tezuka, it did not have the elements of Osamu Tezuka.There is also an episode in which Tezuka asked an assistant who is enthusiastic about "Star of the Giants", saying, "I don't understand this manga. Tell me what's interesting.".
Many baseball manga were influenced by this during the serialization of "Star of the Giants".TsudojirouSerialized "Rival Flag" in "Adventure King" in 1967.In the second episode, a girl pitcher who will be the first in the history of baseball manga will also appear, but it is a masculine setting that a man can succumb..
Kajiwara has worked on many original manga, but the original baseball manga is "Star of the Giants" as well as ""Koshien soil(Daiji Kazumine, "Shonen Gaho"), "Samurai giants』(Inoue Koo, "Weekly Shonen Jump").This is because Kajiwara was enthusiastic about expanding his genre and was not good at the sport of baseball.Until now, the tragedy that the pitcher life of the hero was cut off was drawn in the final episode such as "Chikai no Makyu", but Kajiwara's dramatic line is the final episode of "Samurai Giants" where the hero is on the mound. It brings about the tragedy of dying while standing.After this, Kajiwara will withdraw from the original baseball manga at the end of "Star of the Giants"..
"Star of the Giants" gave birth to many successors even during the serialization of the magazine.On the other hand, in 1970, a new trend of baseball manga was born. "Apache Baseball Army"(1970,HanatoOriginal,Sachio UmemotoDrawing, "Weekly Shonen King")When"Men's Ahou Koshien"(1970,Sasaki MamoruOriginal,Mizushima ShinjiDrawing, "Weekly Shonen Sunday』).
Whereas baseball manga up until that point focused on the main character and depicted individuals, "Apache Baseball Army" described the process of building a baseball team and the game as a team. "Gunryuden" (1972,Hiroshi Motomiya, "Weekly Shonen Magazine") also follows the flow of "Apache Baseball Army" and gathers nine related friends to form a baseball team.Furthermore, "Astro team"(1972,Shiro ToozakiOriginal,Norihiro NakajimaDrawing, "Weekly Shonen Jump』) Followed. In "Astro Kyudan", not only team building, but also various magic balls and special moves are scattered, and serious injuries and deaths are occurring one after another during the baseball game.
Shinji Mizushima follows "Men's Aho Koshien" and "Baseball mad poetry(1972, "Monthly Shonen Magazine)), ``Docaben(1972, "Weekly Shonen Champion)), ``Abu-san(1973, "Big comic original』) Started each serialization, both became hit works.Chiba AkioAlso"captain(1972, "Monthly Shonen Jump"), "Play ball(1973, "Weekly Shonen Jump"), baseball manga without magic balls and special moves has become more popular.
In the late 1970s, "Recommendation!! Pirates』(Hisashi Eguchi, 1977, "Weekly Shonen Jump"), "Good luck! Tabuchi-kun!』(Hisaichi Ishii,Cartoon action]),Superhuman complex』(Uchizaki Masato, "Monthly Shonen Champion") and other "gag baseball manga" series have begun, and baseball manga is entering an era of diversification.
In contrast to the fact that there was almost no love element in baseball manga before "Touch"[Note 1], "Touch" centered on a love story gained high popularity regardless of gender of middle and high school students at that time, and was a heroine.Asakura Minami TheFNN Super TimeThen, the in-program corner "Find Minami-chan!" Was broadcast.Also, according to sports medicine experts, the throwing form and batting form drawn in "touch" can only be drawn if you are familiar with the human body structure and baseball, and the high degree of perfection as a baseball manga is also popular. Led to.
In the late 1980s,Prefectural Kaizoku High School Baseball Staff Taro Yamashita"(1986,Koji Koseki,"Weekly Shonen Jump"),"Prestigious! Third Baseball Club"(1987,Toshiyuki Mutsu, "Weekly Shonen Magazine"), a work in which a boy who is short and not good at motor nerves overcomes his own complex appears.
Since the 1990s
From the 1990s to the 2000s, the focus was on the coach, not the players.Cross-country"(1996,Kibo Mita,Weekly comics)), ``Last Inning"(2004,Ryu KamioOriginal,Yu NakaharaWorks such as drawing and "Big Comic Spirits") will also appear.Also,"ROOKIES"(1998,Morita Masanori, "Weekly Shonen Jump"), "WILD BASEBALLERS" (2003,Toru FujisawaOriginal,Taro SekiguchiWorks by bad boys aiming for Koshien, such as drawing and "Weekly Shonen Magazine"), also gained popularity...On the other hand, from the viewpoint of the sluggish popularity of professional baseball and the management of portrait rights, the number of works based on real players and baseball teams has decreased significantly since the 2000s..
In the 2010s,Sand crown(2010, Norifusa Mita, "Weekly Young Magazine"), the royal road baseball manga of the conventional route[Note 2]While gaining popularity, "Stadium Lovers"(2010,Atsuko Ishida,Young King』Other) baseball manga that does not draw baseball players or baseball games has become popular.
- Yoshihiro Yonezawa"Postwar Baseball Manga History-Landscape without Osamu Tezuka"平凡 社<Heibonsha Shinsho>, 2002.ISBN 978-4582851540.
- Fusanosuke Natsume"The disappeared magic ball-how did the hot-blooded sports manga burn?"
- Ijuin Hikari"Kumaman-Baseball Manga Shaberi Taoshi!"
- ^ a b c Postwar baseball manga history, p. 14.
- ^ Postwar baseball manga history, pp. 11-12.
- ^ Postwar baseball manga history, p. 15.
- ^ Keiji YoshitaniFather of.
- ^ Postwar baseball manga history, p. 16.
- ^ a b Postwar baseball manga history, pp. 16-17.
- ^ Postwar baseball manga history, p. 24.
- ^ Postwar baseball manga history, pp. 29-30.
- ^ Postwar baseball manga history, p. 30.
- ^ Japan's first baseball magazine for boys (monthly magazine), first published in March 1947
- ^ a b c d Postwar baseball manga history, pp. 38-46.
- ^ Postwar baseball manga history, pp. 53-55.
- ^ curveFictitious ball type to drop
- ^ a b c Postwar baseball manga history, pp. 56-57.
- ^ Postwar baseball manga history, pp. 89-90.
- ^ Postwar baseball manga history, pp. 77-80.
- ^ Postwar baseball manga history, pp. 85-87.
- ^ a b Postwar baseball manga history, p. 91.
- ^ Postwar baseball manga history, p. 93.
- ^ Postwar baseball manga history, pp. 93-95.
- ^ Postwar baseball manga history, pp. 97-99.
- ^ Postwar baseball manga history, pp. 113-115.
- ^ Postwar baseball manga history, pp. 104-107.
- ^ Postwar baseball manga history, pp. 115-116.
- ^ Postwar baseball manga history, pp. 117-118.
- ^ Postwar baseball manga history, pp. 123-124.
- ^ When serialized in a magazine, the title is "Kurukuru Party".
- ^ "Baseball manga "Touch" The depiction of the form familiar with the human body structure is highly evaluated.". NEWS Post Seven (September 2018, 10). 2019th of February 3Browse.
- ^ Yamada Gomez (October 2017, 7). “What the problematic work "Touch", which shattered the common sense of baseball manga, taught baseball boys". Daily SPA!. 2019th of February 3Browse.
- ^ a b "Koshien manga is also an era when high school girls are the main characters! ??". Da Vinci News (September 2012, 8). 2019th of February 3Browse.
- ^ Takayuki Mizushina asks the past and future of four baseball games Takashi Kaneshige's "Pupupupupu Professional Baseball" April 2016, 4
- ^ Ogmanaoto, Tsukui Yoshihisa (January 2016, 1). “Decision "This baseball manga is in progress now!" 2016". excite news. 2019th of February 3Browse.