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💪 | [New Corona] "People who walk slowly" have a mortality rate of up to 3.75 times.


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[New Corona] "People who walk slowly" have a mortality rate of up to 3.75 times.

 
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The research group suggests that BMI and athletic performance tests are effective in predicting the risk of the new corona, and calls for consideration of incorporating the two in various public health studies.
 

People who are obese or have an underlying illness are at greater risk of death from the new coronavirus infection (COVID-19) ... → Continue reading

 MEDIAN TALKS

To the Japanese medical community, which is facing the super-aging society and the tightness of medical resources at the same time, from each viewpoint, we will convey the voice of medical personnel striving to provide better medical care as it is, from a clinical perspective, a field perspective , This is a blog site for patients.


Wikipedia related words

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public health

public health(This isBritish: public health) Deals with threats to regional health based on an analysis of population health. Health is defined differently by many institutions. Set and provide standards for disease surveysUnited NationsIs the institution ofwho (WHO)HealthIs defined as "being physically, mentally, and socially perfectly in good condition, not simply sick or infirm".

Overview

Public health consists of many disciplines, but the typical division isEpidemiology,Biostatistics,Medical systemThere is. Also,Environment-社会-communication skillHygiene,OccupationHygiene (Occupational safety and health),Food hygieneIs also an important field.

The World Health Organization is promoting public health "through the efforts of organized communities,diseasePrevent life, prolong life, physically,精神To improve intellectual function科学IsTechnologyIt is defined as

By the name of the university classroomPublic healthSometimes referred to as.

Whereas clinical medicine treats health at the individual level, public health at the social levelHealthTo handle. For example, garbage collectionLifestyle-related diseasesMeasuresEpidemic(Infection)prevention·PollutionMeasuresWater supply-Sewer・Food hygiene, etc.社会 保障Study the basic fields of

SynonymouslyHygieneThere is.

History

Public health is a modern concept, but its origin has been found since ancient times. The main diseases that threatened people's lives until the birth of modern medicine were contagious diseases, malnutrition due to hunger, and trauma in war.[1].. It is thought that many of the infectious diseases were fatal, and in many cases, nutritional disorders and trauma caused by war ultimately caused the complication of infectious diseases.[1].

Europe

In ancient Rome, the provision of waterworks and public baths contributed to the improvement of hygiene and became the origin of the history of public health.[2].Roman periodHave found that proper waste discharge routes are common sense in public health in cities.

On the other hand, in the Roman era, scientific thinking was suppressed by the penetration of Christianity, and medicine and medicine developed in ancient Greece entered a long stagnation period in the Middle Ages. In Europe and the Middle East, we experienced plague epidemics in the 6th and 14th centuries, but we had little control.

From the time of urbanization, if contaminated water and proper waste treatment are not done,EpidemicIt was known as "" that it became fashionable. In EuropeBlack deathIn the 14th century when theBacteriaIt was believed to ward off infections by.

In the 15th century, the Renaissance spurred the natural sciences to break free from the spells of tradition and religion[3].

NetherlandsThen.microscopeWas invented,Louis Pasteur,Robert KochLed to the achievement of microbiology[3].. Also, scientific epidemiology of 1854UK-choleraIn a pandemic, the cause is public well waterJohn SnowIt originates in what it finds. Dr. Snow believed in countering the prevailing belief theory at the time. CholeradisinfectionCholera was thought to spread spontaneously, according to the belief theory that he was taught to be due to a lack of.vaccineVaccinationEdward JennerWas popularized in the 1820s when the smallpox treatment was successful.

In developed countries, hygiene and nutritional conditions have improved and acute infectious diseases have decreased, but due to the harsh and poor working environment even after the Industrial Revolution,tuberculosisChronic infectious diseases such as[1].

In the latter half of the 20th century, in developed countries, the threat of infectious diseases was reduced due to the improvement of social infrastructure, the improvement of nutritional status, the spread of science education, the emergence of antibiotics, etc.[1].

Japan

Meiji OfCivilizationSince then, the concept equivalent to modern "public health" wasMedical scienceThe various systems ofGermanyBecause I often followedGermanyIn stylealoneHygiene(healthorHygiene)”, or was introduced by imitating the British system. 1874(Meiji7 years)Medical systemWas promulgated and medical affairs enforcement was established in each region, and then1879A central hygiene society (sanitary section in rural areas) was established in (Meiji 12),Public electionHe laid a democratic system in which a sanitation committee was appointed.1892(Meiji 25) In JulyPlagueBeing one of the discoverers of bacteriaKitasato Shiba SaburoIs appointed as a member of the Central Health Association.1893(Meiji 26), these functionsPolice departmentTransfer toSkillfulIt becomes an expression. With the shift to a centralized political system, there was also an intention to take swift action to deal with the rapid spread of infectious diseases at the time.1937(Showa 12)Public health center lawWas promulgated.

Yanagisawa[4]According toNational Public Health ServiceFuruya, the director, stated the definition of public health as follows. "Public health is the responsibility of the public to exclude the social and medical causes that threaten our lives and health and to improve our mental and physical abilities. is there"

After the war, based on the Constitution of Japan1947Public Health Center LawPublic health centerThe system was introduced. CurrentlyCommunity Health LawIt has become.

Public Health Education and Research Institute

National Institute of Health Sciences

1938(Showa13 years old)National Institute of Health SciencesIs the predecessor ofNational Public Health ServiceHas been working as a public health engineer training and public health agency.

University Public Health Course

Pacific WarAfter surrender,Allied Supreme Commander General CommandUnderAmerican Education Mission ReportBy the recommendation ofFaculty of medicineTo public health讲座Was installed.

Public health graduate school

1999(11),Ministry of EducationAt the 21st Century Medicine and Medical Council, a report was submitted to establish a master's program in the field of public health.From the following yearProfessional graduate schoolThe system started,Kyoto UniversityFirst in graduate school in JapanPublic health graduate schoolGraduate School of Medicine, Department of Social Health Medicine was established[5].

Recent events in public health

  • BSE(Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy) Bovine spongiform encephalopathy or transmissible spongiform encephalopathy.
  • Severe acute respiratory syndrome(SARS, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) Pronounced as saas or saas. New type pneumonia.
  • Bird flu(Highly pathogenic avian influenza, former name家禽Plague, Orthomyxoviridae Influenza virus A)
    • February-March 2004, rage.
    • Information on related prefectures has changed over and over. We were unable to convey accurate information to consumers.
    • Information on related prefectures was announced later. I was not making the most of BSE's reflection.
  • Asbestos problem(Asbestos problem)
  • Tobacco Control Framework Convention(Multilateral treaty signed on February 2005, 2. World's first treaty in the field of public health[6]
  • Health promotionEstablishment (August 2002, 8)

Source

  1. ^ a b c d Kiyoto Hosaki, "Introduction to Clinical Medicine", 2008, p. 1.
  2. ^ Kiyoto Hosaki, "Introduction to Clinical Medicine", 2008, p. 1.
  3. ^ a b Kiyoto Hosaki, "Introduction to Clinical Medicine", 2008, p. 2.
  4. ^ Fuminori Yanagisawa "Food Sanitation" Kyoritsu Publishing, June 1952, p.6
  5. ^ Goals of the Department of Social Health Medicine-Department of Social Health Medicine, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine
  6. ^ Tobacco and health information page(Health Information Management Section, Lifestyle-related Disease Control Office, General Affairs Division, Health Bureau, Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare)

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