Portal field news

Portal field news

in ,

💪 | Nitsche Kondo reports on the latest diet status "I'm serious !!"


写真 

Nitsche Kondo reports on the latest diet "I'm serious !!"

 
If you write the contents roughly
Little by little, I've been eating less, so my stomach is getting smaller, "he said.
 

* From the official blog of Kumiko Kondo of Nitsche Kumiko Kondo of the laughing combination Nitsche is herself on the 7th ... → Continue reading

 ABEMA TIMES


Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Meal

Meal(Shokuji) is basically necessary for life supportNutrientsHabitually eat something to eat[1], From there, sometimes refers to what you eat at that time[1].. It corresponds to "food" of "clothing, food and housing".Colloquially, it is called "rice."

Overview

It refers to the act of eating food to obtain essential nutrients that are essential for life support.家族"To spend time with friends and others" "To experience and share "sharing"" "For those who cook愛To realizetastePeople eat with various purposes and meanings such as "to enjoy." Inviting someone to a dinner, east or west, means "welcome." Having people cook their own dishes (home cooking) leads to a close relationship.

Meal time, frequency, meal type,recipe, How to eatculture,ReligiousPersonal preferences orNutritionKnowledge based on is also reflected. Even in everyday life, it refers to all matters related to food and is called "dietary life."

The word "meal" meansMeeting mealIn this case, it may refer to a rice dish that is served with a "stop bowl" or "pickles" following "stop garnish".

In addition, "meal is not only for the purpose of supplementing nutrition, but also for the purpose of invigorating. Let's make a habit of eating and eating so that the meal does not become "food".[2]Some people warn me that.

International meals

In China, culture,View of the world, Family perspective is reflected[3][Need explanation].

Middle EastThen the clan sits in a circle on the floor of the room and eats in a manner that is based on their culture. It may also have a religious meaning.

FranceThen, about 7% of households eat dinner with their families. It is believed that it is important to spend dinner time with the family, and return home at dinner.

Number of times

In the West it was said to have had two meals a day until around 1800[4].

In some cases, instead of sticking to the number of meals, they try to "eat when they feel hungry."

Japan

In the first half of the 20th century,National Institute of Nutrition"1 meals per day" was recommended based on experiments in Japan and nutrition-based research[5].. Until then, "1 meals a day", eachBreakfast"When"DinnerWas called[5].

Francisco Xavier 1549A report I wrote around that says, "Japanese people eat three times a day."[6].Sengoku periodAt that time, there were three meals a day on the battlefield. Up to 1 days, food is borne by ourselves, but after 3 days and a long-term war, the military =DamingSince then, the daily consumption has been reduced to 1 units per person (about 1G) Was provided[7].. It means that 2 meals of rice (about 300 grams) will be consumed per meal (The energy intake of rice alone will be 1 kcal per day,saltWas also provided).Night battleWas increased when[7].

Edo PeriodThat the common people started eating three meals a dayGenrokuYear (17st centuryEnd)[8].. The number of meals for prisoners in prison varies depending on their status,Denmacho prison residenceThen, the common people were twice in the morning and evening, and the samurai were three times in the morning and evening. Even sinners were treated differently depending on their status.[9].. The reason why three meals per day spread in Japan in the 17th century was "照明It was also thought that the prolonged business management of the town, which became brighter, was stimulated."[10], 2 meals remained depending on the status and occupation (wrestler)[11].. For information on the trigger for three people to eat three meals, see "Great fire of the tomorrow(Mid 17th century) Lunch was given to the craftsmen who were rushed to the restoration work afterwards, and it became popular."[12].. As another example of recording 1 meals a day,Bakumatsu OfNinjaWritten by a lower clanPicture diaryIsIshiki diary], and the details of the meals eaten in the morning, afternoon, and evening are described in detail (depending on the date, all three mealsChazukea). In "Ishiki Diary", lunch is described as "meal."

During farming season, farmers increase their daily meals to 1-4 times (see p.5.). As an example,ShowaPeriodSaitamaChichibu districtThen, "chagashi" before breakfast, then "morning breakfast", "four meals" at "10 am", "lunch", tea at 3 pm "kojuhan" (also Ochazoppie Nihachi), "youmeshi" There are more than three meals, such as "night snack after the night pan", and the three meals are called "rice or omanma" to distinguish them (Kurabayashi Masaji "3 Japanese Folklore Saitama") First Law 3 p.11.).

In modern times,breakfast,lunch,dinner, It is common practice to eat a total of three meals. Although it is adapted to the normal life cycle of being active in the daytime and sleeping at night,Midnight snackEating, during breakfast and lunch, and between lunch and dinnerSnackYou may also take.

Changes in diet

Eating habitsPeopleRegardless of the situation, follow the four patterns below depending on the increase in income[13]It is also said.

Stage 1
From the staple food,Millet-PotatoesLess and lessRice-wheat-cornIntake of
Stage 2
Less staple food,meat,egg,Fish,VegetablesMore side dishes such as
Stage 3
Among the side dishes, the proportion of animal protein is further increased. Also,alcoholIntake of
Stage 4
Trying to finish the meal easily,Retort food,Eating outWill increase. There are also moves to review traditional meals and upscale them.

In addition, as the dietary stage progresses,穀物Consumption increased at an accelerating rate. To increase meat consumption, the meatfeedAs the grain is consumed[14].

Religion and diet

ReligiousAs one of the examples where there is a big relationship between eating and eating habits,キ リ ス ト 教InSacramentThere is. this isNew Testament"イ エ スBefore he was crucified, he ate with his disciples and ordered him to eat this as a memorial to himself." By carrying out this ritual, Christians hold the belief that "Christ certainly exists there".

Depending on the religion, eating certain foods may be prohibited, or there may be strict regulations regarding cooking methods.

Judaism

JudaismThen,The Old TestamentThere are detailed regulations on what you can eat, what you can't eat, what you can't eat together, how to slaughter animals, and how to cook.Cachet"Or"Kosher(Judaism is also divided into a number of denominations. Strict denominations strictly adhere to it, while loose denominations do not. Jews who follow the Kashroot still think that various foods are "dirty" and cannot eat crustaceans, shellfish, octopus, and squid such as shrimps and crabs. AlsoHebrew bibleStipulates "Do not boil the meat of a young goat in the milk of its mother."cheeseburger(Interpreted as "Do not eat parent and child of an animal species at the same time")OyakodonCan't even eat.

キ リ ス ト 教

Jesus ChristIs the Jewish of that timePhariseeSeeing that (the law scholars) are only trying to put out rules in a piecemeal manner, and banning various things in various fields of life, and making people suffer, What goes in does not pollute people, and conversely what goes out (= what people say) pollutes people" (Matthew 15:11). Denied the entire stipulation and criticized the Pharisees and the scholars for their attitude of emphasizing only the material aspect, for ignoring their hearts and words, and their religion. did. Many Christians have come to follow the words of Jesus,Torah(Moses GoshoAll the food regulations written in () were regarded as invalid. In its early stages, Christianity significantly relaxed the strict dietary rules of Judaism (Acts of the ApostlesChapter 10). This was welcomed by those who were unfamiliar with Jewish spoiled regulations,Mediterranean worldIt also became a cause of the spread of Christianity. Unlike Judaism, there are no "(as Christians) foods you shouldn't eat" and you can eat chicken, beef, pork, and seafood. Also,DrinkingIs also allowed.

Islam

IslamIsHalalThere are detailed rules regarding what to eat/not to eat and cooking.Dream PorkIs unclean and is forbidden to eat.

RamadanIn the moon, do not eat any water or food (between the rising sun and the setting sun). By doing so, the purpose is to “experience the situation of people who are poor and have difficulty eating and eating, and consciously sharing the feelings and pains of those people”. In addition, during the period of Ramadan,DonationIs also done. After sunset, a large number of families and relatives gather to have a lively, fun, and dine together. For Islam, Ramadan is also the time to share "the great joy of being eaten" and "a sense of unity with family, relatives and the community." Moreover, Ramadan is something that Muslims all over the world do at the same time, and it is also a period of sharing a sense of solidarity with Islam of the world (beyond national borders).

Hinduism

HinduismThen,牛Forbidden to eat as sacred (important).

Buddhism in Japan

Buddhism in JapanWhere, (MonkEarly morningBeggar rowEats only in the morning and does not eat any solids in the afternoon[15].

In Japan, onceBuddhismWas influenced byEmperor TenmuHas issued a royal decree prohibiting meat eating, and the Japanese have long been unable to publicly eat most animal foods (675Promulgated in "The Royal Decree of Tenmu"). In addition,BuddhaIt should be noted that he "has never banned meat eating".In Early Buddhism, "I haven't seen animals killed," "I haven't heard that they killed animals to serve themselves," "I don't know that they killed animals to serve themselves." If these conditions were met, it was possible to eat even if it was animal meat (→ "Three kinds of purified meat").Occurred about 500 years after Buddha diedMahayana BuddhismIn, "meat eating is strictly prohibited"[16][17][18]..In "Dhutanga" ("Takuhatsu", begging as part of the training), which is a part of the training, begging for the surplus of the meals taken by others and eating what they have received.You eat the surplus, and even if it is meat, it doesn't matter.It is a teaching that you must not show your likes and dislikes as long as you beg for others.As a general rule, what was given by the other party, be it meat or fish, was eaten without any preference, and what was put in a pot was used as daily food, and meat eating by monks was not prohibited.[18].

footnote

  1. ^ a b Daijirin
  2. ^ Masahiro Ide “Autonomic dysfunction taught by specialists”, page 201 “Tips to keep your mind and body healthy by chewing well” PHP Research Institute, 2004,ISBN 4569661912
  3. ^ Haruhiko Nishizawa “Research on Chinese Food Culture: History and Anthropology of Family and Society over Food” 2009
  4. ^ Hiroaki Oda, Hisanori Kato, Taiichiro Seki "Health and Nutrition" Kyoritsu Publishing, April 2005.ISBN-978 4320061538.
  5. ^ a b Yoshiko Saeki "Nutritionist Saeki Koden" Gen company 1986 ISBN 978-4-905935-19-3 p.158.
  6. ^ Canadian Libraries The life and letters of St. Francis Xavier (1872) vol.2, P.218
  7. ^ a b Hiroshi Yamaguchi "Japanese salary statement-price circumstances deciphered with classics" Kadokawa Sophia Library 2015 ISBN 978-4-04-409224-5 p.189.
  8. ^ "History Mystery" Club "Illustrated! Edo Period" Mikasa Shobo 2015 ISBN 978-4-8379-8374-3 p.206.Ishige Naochi"History of Japanese food culture from the Paleolithic period to the present day" (Iwanami Shoten) Also said, “I ate three meals a day nationwide.17st centuryThe end".
  9. ^ The same "Illustrated! Edo period" Mikasa Publishing 2015 p.122.
  10. ^ Katsumi Fukaya "Edo Period" Iwanami Junior Shinsho 3rd printing 2001 (1st printing 2000) ISBN-4 00-500336-2 p.84.
  11. ^ The same "Edo period" Iwanami Jr. Shinsho 2001 p.85.
  12. ^ Mito Kei "A Great Misconception of Edo Not in Textbooks" Saizusha 2016 ISBN 978-4-8013-0194-8 p.179.
  13. ^ "Changes in Chinese traditional food culture"Rei Kojima The Japan Foreign Trade Association Monthly Report February 2003 (“Food Conflict” Akio Shibata July 2)
  14. ^ "Food Contest" Akio Shibata Nikkei Inc. July 2007
  15. ^ Masao Fujii "Buddhist Quick Encyclopedia" Nippon Bungeisha 1997 p.28.
  16. ^ Muneo Yoshida "Meaning of carnivorous food in Shinran"Indology and Buddhist Studies," Vol. 47, No. 1, Japan Indology and Buddhist Studies Society, 1998, pp. 213-215, two:10.4259 / ibk.47.213, ISSN 0019-4344 , NOT 130004026720,2021/4/1Browse.
  17. ^ Hiroshi Yasui "Prohibition of carnivorous food in Sanskrit--Foreword / Sanskrit "Meat products" Japanese translation / Sanskrit correction"Otani Gakuho," Vol. 43, No. 2, Otani Society, December 1963, pp. 12-1, ISSN 02876027, NOT 120005837524.
  18. ^ a b Mitsuko Yorizumi ""Consumption" in Buddhism: From the perspective of "food""Ochanomizu University Comparative Japanese Studies Education and Research Center Research Annual Report" No. 8, Ochanomizu University Comparative Japanese Studies Education and Research Center, March 2012, pp. 3-181, NOT 40019312946,2021/4/1Browse.

Related item


 

Back to Top
Close