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🥾 | Awareness-raising activities to prevent accidents caused by picking edible wild plants Hokkaido


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Awareness-raising activities to prevent accidents caused by picking edible wild plants Hokkaido

 
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In Hokkaido, an 8-year-old man died in Shiriuchi-cho, southern Hokkaido on the 88th, and accidents caused by picking edible wild plants are occurring one after another.
 

In Takinoe Town, Okhotsk, police officers called on people entering the mountain to pick edible wild plants to prevent accidents. XNUMX ... → Continue reading

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Wild vegetables

Wild vegetables(Sansai) grows naturally in Yamano andedibleToplantIs the general term for.Hamabofu,Okahijiki"Sansai" also includes edible plants that grow naturally on the beach.

Nobile,MugwortIn some cases, plants that grow naturally on flat banks and ridges are edible, but these are distinguished from ordinary wild plants.Wild grassCalled.

In addition to being collected for private use, many are commercially collected or cultivated and distributed and sold. According to the Forestry Agency's 2018 Special Forest Product Production Statistics Survey, the products classified as wild plants are "warabi" and "dry". Ten items are listed: "Zenmai", "Taranome", "Fuki", "Fukinoto", "Tsuwabuki", "Uwabamiso", "Ostrich Fern", "Koshiabura", and "Maple". ..

Features

The edible collection of edible wild plants has been carried out in mountain villages in various places since ancient times, but it was not highly productive as a means of obtaining food, and it had only the economic significance of poor mountain villages as Biara food. Due to the improvement of life after the high growth period, it has attracted a lot of attention as a luxury item.[1]Breed improvementIt tastes good and is easy to eatVegetablesUnlike wild plants, wild plantsLyeUnique byBitterness・ Although it often has a harsh taste, the flavor that vegetables do not have was prized.AlsoForcingWith the spread of vegetables, vegetables have become available regardless of the season, and edible wild plants that can feel the "season" have been attracting attention.

Since the plants that can be collected differ depending on the vegetation in the area, due to the spread of tourismlocal cuisineThe number of restaurants that specialize in edible wild plants has increased.On the other hand, in recent years, due to the increase in the name of wild plantsCommodity cropCultivation as a trout is also widespread, especially trout such as royal fern and bracken.iconThe fact is that edible wild plants, which have been recognized as edible wild plants, are distributed and sold regardless of the place of origin or the time of year.Therefore, it is ironic that the edible wild plants, which should be a traditional local dish, are similar no matter where you eat them.

How to preserve wild plants

Dry matter

Wild plants are dried and stored as dry matter.

Salted

Wild plantsSaltedIt is often saved as.It used to be one of the important foods in winter.

Boiled wild plants

When the spread of retort pouch foods began in Japan in the 1960s,Bracken,Mainspring,Nameko,Fungus,Bamboo shootWe cut several kinds of edible wild plants, boiled them in water, and packed them in packs.Boiled, "Sansai mix", etc.manufactured foodHas appeared.These have rapidly become popular in the food service industry because they can be added with vegetable flavors without the hassle of cooking and are available regardless of the season.

Japanese buckwheat noodles,UdonAt the store, "Sansai soba" and "Sansai udon", which can be made simply by sprinkling boiled edible wild plants, have become a staple of the menu in a blink of an eye, and are particularly simple.Standing Soba/Udon ShopIt was very useful in.

In addition,A coffee shop,Department storeEven in eating out for the masses such as a large dining room, "Sansai" using boiled edible wild plantspilaf"Spaghetti with wild plants" and other unusual Japanese and Western dishes were developed one after another and gained popularity.

Even for home use, "Boiled edible wild plants"Owa"Nomoto" and "Takikomi gohan" were sold and were rapidly becoming popular.rice cookerIt became popular because it was easy to mix and cook.

After the Heisei era, fresh vegetables circulated and their value as flavored vegetables diminished, and edible wild plants became generally unfavorable due to the spread of carnivorous culture. It became a thing.

Picking wild vegetables

After the high-growth period, the collection of wild plants and mushrooms, which was traditionally carried out as a production activity in mountain villages,Mountain streamfishingEtc. are hobbiesOutdoor・ It came to be done as a kind of activity.The collection of edible wild plants has also become popular, including the residents of the city, under the common name of "picking edible wild plants."Mushroom hunting was called "mushroom hunting" and was distinguished from edible wild plants.

The form of picking edible wild plants is the nuclear family, which was the social situation at that time.Private carHas an affinity with the spread of

  • Performed by an individual or several enthusiasts.
  • Since it is divided into forests, it is mainly performed by adult males, and family members are avoided.
  • For automobiles that were being maintainedForest roadUse to move closer to the collection site.
  • Assuming a day trip, the equipment is relatively light.
  • The use of collected wild plants is limited to private consumption and gifts with relatives.

There is such a feature.

In addition, the edible wild plants epidemic has created various problems as listed below.

Mountain accident

Every year, there are reports of cases in which a person who was collecting edible wild plants suffers a mountain accident.For example, of the 2018 mountain accidents compiled by the National Police Agency, 385 cases were "picking edible wild plants and mushrooms," accounting for 12.3% of all mountain accidents.[2]Since there are many wild plants that grow in the swamps, there are many falls and slips.In addition, there are many distresses due to getting lost when entering a place that is not particularly familiar.Also, depending on the seasonbear,boar, Poisonous snakes, and bees will also cause distress.About bears bearsbell,radioEtc. are recommended.

bivouacMost people do not carry their equipment, so once they are in distress and the report / search is delayed, the mortality rate will increase significantly.It is recommended to tell the family about the destination and the scheduled time to return home.

Food poisoning

For edible wild plantsPoisonous plantThere are plants that look similar to the above, and there are many cases of food poisoning caused by accidentally collecting and eating.For example, all deaths from food poisoning in 2018 compiled by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare are due to edible wild plants and mushroom hunting.[3]With thorough hygiene control of foods distributed on the market, the risk of edible wild plants collected by ordinary people without specialized knowledge is relatively increasing.It is not recommended to pick edible wild plants without sufficient knowledge.

The following are poisonous plants that are easily mistaken for wild plants.

Forest theft

There are no forests without owners in Japan, whether privately or publicly owned.The act of collecting wild plants without the permission of the ownerForest theft crimeIt hits.Also,National parkIsNatural Parks ActIn some cases, the collection of plants is prohibited by the regulations of.

Although it is customary to allow some amount of edible wild plants to be collected, it is clearly illegal to invade forests that clearly state that "no entry to the mountains other than those involved" or "no animal, plant and mineral collection". Is.For example2009Mid-February,Chubu Mountain National Park OfMt. TsubakurodakeIn the national forest at the foot of the mountain, "Total prohibition of collecting animals and plants』Ignored or disregarded, four office workers who were collecting allium ochotenseForest lawviolation(Forest theft crime) Interrogated on suspicion and laterDocument inspectionThere are a small number of cases of detection such as being caught.

Also in the mountain villageAdmission placeIn some cases, a foreigner steps into a forest where local residents have been allowed to collect edible wild plants as a place like this, causing conflict with the local residents.Even in this case, it is not possible to legalize the harvesting of edible wild plants that the owner of the forest does not permit under any circumstances.

Resource depletion

The edible wild plants are limited, and if you collect more than you can breed, the edible wild plants will naturally disappear.

For this reason, edible wild plantsPlant communityAmong them, etiquette is required, such as not collecting foods of a size that is not suitable for food, and not collecting the rest in places where there are traces of collection by someone.However, it is not easy to comply with the discipline when picking edible wild plants, which is visited by an unspecified number of people and cannot be mutually monitored, and it is not uncommon for the edible wild plants to decrease year by year.

Main wild plants

Annotation/Source

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ Keisuke Mitsuida "Actual conditions of royal fern production in the mountain villages in the hinterland of northeastern Japan and its significance for maintaining the village" (Geographical Review of Japan 47 (6) 1974)
  2. ^ https://www.npa.go.jp/publications/statistics/safetylife/chiiki/H30sangakusounan_gaikyou.pdf Overview of mountain accidents in 30-National Police Agency]
  3. ^ 30 food poisoning outbreak situation (summary version) and major food poisoning cases
  4. ^ a b Yamanogusa Color Encyclopedia Enjoy becoming a medicine to eat. SHUFUNOTOMO(1983). P. 152. ISBN 978 4076011887 
  5. ^ a b "Let's attention to the food poisoning caused by poisonous plants". Saitama City Homepage. Saitama (September 2016, 1). 2019/8/1Browse.
  6. ^ Masayoshi Nakai (2005). Let's be careful!100 kinds of poisonous plants (Second edition ed.). Kinensha. p. 27. ISBN 4-321-24819-1 
  7. ^ Masayoshi Nakai (2005). Let's be careful!100 kinds of poisonous plants (Second edition ed.). Kinensha. P. 34. ISBN 4-321-24819-1 
  8. ^ Osamu Haneda (2004). Outdoor poison book. Co., Ltd.Mountains and valleys. p. 176. ISBN 4-635-50026-8 
  9. ^ Osamu Haneda (2004). Outdoor poison bookYama-kei Publishers Co., Ltd. p. 116. ISBN 4-635-50026-8 
  10. ^ Be careful when picking edible wild plants! !!It's so similar!Toxic plants(As of January 2012, 1Archive)- Sagamihara City

Related item

外部 リンク

Shiriuchi

Shiriuchi(Shiriuchicho) isHokkaidoSouthwest (SouthwestSouthern Hokkaido)ofOshima General Promotion BureauBelonging to the jurisdictiontown.

Overview

Oshima jurisdiction,Oshima PeninsulaLocated in the southwest.The eastern partTsugaru StraitFacing the west and south are mountains.Town center from east to westChinai RiverThere is Shiriuchi city in the downstream area.

Along rivers and coastsNational Route 228In addition to runningHokkaido Shinkansen-Kaikyo LinePasses through the townPassenger stationIs not installed, but in the Yunosato areaSeikan TunnelThe Hokkaido side wellhead is provided.

Origin of the town name

AinuFrom "Cir-ot-i", "Cir-oci" (birds, herds, places)[1]..It is the production center of 15 falconry falconry donated to the Tokugawa Shogunate, which was one of the main financial resources of the Matsumae domain, and it is said that more than half of them were captured in Shiriuchi.[2].

Geography

terrain

Mountain

Main mountain
  • Katsura-dake (734m)
  • Nanatsudake (957m)
  • Tomyodake (577m)
  • Soldier Mountain (about 300m. Wuyuan area)

River

Main river
  • Chinai River
  • Around Uchikawa (Koronai River)

Lake

Main lake
  • Shiriuchi Dam

coastal

Main cape
  • Cape Kitsune
  • Cape Yagoshi

population

Population distribution of Shiriuchi, Hokkaido, Japan.svg
Population distribution by age in Shiriuchi Town and the whole country (2005)Population distribution by age and gender in Shiriuchi Town (2005)
Purple-Shiriuchi Town
Green-All over Japan
Blue-male
Red-female

Changes in the population of Shiriuchi Town (corresponding area)
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

Adjacent municipality

Oshima General Promotion Bureau
Hiyama Promotion Bureau

History

Ancient times

  • It has prospered since the Jomon period.Decorations and boulders have been found.

中 世

Muromachi Period

The early modern period

Edo Period

Modern

Meiji
  • 1888(Meiji21 years):Shiriuchi Village1 other villageChiefInstalled.
  • 1906(Meiji 39): Kamiiso-gun (Kotaniishi) and Kamiiso-gun (Wakimoto) Shiriuchi-mura merged.Kamiiso-gun due to the second-class town and village systemShiriuchi VillageBecomes

modern

Showa
  • 1967(Showa42): Due to the enforcement of the town systemShiriuchiBecomes

Foreign relations

Sister cities/partner cities

Domestic

Facility

Policemen

Headquarters
Office
  • Shiriuchi Police Box
  • Residential police box

post office

Main post office
  • Shiriuchi Post Office
  • Yunosato Post Office

* The Kikonai Post Office is in charge of collection and delivery operations in Shiriuchi Town.

Zip Code
  • Zip Code --049-11XX (03 Shigeuchi 06 Motomachi 05 Kotaniishi 01 Nakagawa 07 Jorai 02 Morikoshi 04 Wakimoto)

Economy

Key industries include rice farming, fishing, and forestry.Also in the Motomachi areaheavy oilOrimaru JohnWas used as fuelHokkaido Electric PowerShiriuchi Power Station(Total output 70 kW).

Primary industry

Fishery:

  • Oyster ――It is a rare open sea product nationwide, and grows up in the rough seas of the Tsugaru Strait.[3].
Main fishing port
  • Nakanogawa fishing port
  • Wakimoto fishing port
  • Kotaniishi fishing port

Agriculture:

2015(HeiseiAgricultural production value of about 27 billion yen in 18)[4].

  • Leek - 1971Trial cultivation began in (Showa 46)2015(27) is about 1705 tons and the sales amount is about 11.75 billion yen, boasting the largest production volume in Hokkaido, accounting for more than half of the agricultural production value.[4].

Agricultural cooperative/fishing cooperative

Tertiary industry

logistics

Financial institution

Telecommunications

Mass media

Relay station

Life base

life line

electricity

Power plant

Education

high school

Town

Junior high school

Town
  • Shiriuchi Municipal Shiriuchi Junior High School

primary school

  • Shiriuchi Municipal Shiriuchi Elementary School
  • Yunosato Elementary School, Shiriuchi Town
  • Shiriuchi Municipal Wakimoto Elementary School

Early childhood education

Kindergarten

  • Shiriuchi kindergarten

Transportation

By Route 228, Kikonai Town,Hokuto city,Hakodate,Fukushima Town,Matsumae,Esashi TownYou can go to.

Train

Railway line

In our townHokkaido passenger railway(JR Hokkaido)Hokkaido Shinkansen-Kaikyo LineCrosses, but there is no passenger station.The nearest station when using the railroad is the Hokkaido Shinkansen andDonan Isaribi RailwayDonan Isaribi Railway LineKikonai Station.

Waste line

There used to be Shiriuchi Station on the Kaikyo Line,2014(Heisei26) It was abolished as a passenger station on March 3.2016(28) February 3Hokkaido ShinkansenAt the same point as the old Shiriuchi station with the opening ofYunosato Shiriuchi signal fieldWas opened.

Before the opening of the Kaikyo Line, JR HokkaidoMatsumae LineIs open to the townMorikoshi Station,Oshima-Shiriuchi Station,Omonai Station,Yunosato StationWas installed, but this is1988(63) The entire line was abolished on February 2.

bus

Transit Bus

  • Hakodate Bus --Established Shiriuchi branch office.Matsumae Line alternative busHakodateThere is a route to the direction.

道路

National road

Road

General road

Road Station

  • Roadside Station Shiriuchi --Located at the entrance and exit of the Seikan Tunnel, a space for observing the Shinkansen has been set up on the roof for the opening of the Hokkaido Shinkansen.

[5].

Tourism

Cultural property

Important cultural property

  • Hokkaido Yunosato 4 Sites Excavated from Earthen Pot
    PaleolithicRelics batch.The ruins include the remains that are considered to be the oldest human "grave" in Japan.
    ,Important cultural propertySpecified.

Sights and historic sites

Nearby Tourist Spots

Culture/Specialty

Festivals and events

  • Summer Carnival in Shiriuchi-August 8th every year
  • Shiriuchi Big Fishing Festival-Mid-August
  • Shiriuchi Taste Battle Winter Team Kakinira Festival-Mid-February

Origin-related celebrities

Native celebrity

Related celebrities


footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ "Ainu Place Name List Shibe-Setsu P61-70P". Ainu place name list. Hokkaido Environment and Living Department Ainu Policy Promotion Office (2007). 2017/11/8Browse.
  2. ^ "Origin of the town name". Shiriuchi Town, HokkaidoShiriuchi Town. As of April 2018, 4オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2018/4/7Browse.
  3. ^ Kozue Isozaki (September 2015, 9). “Hokkaido Shinkansen 20 to open: 3.26 Attractive excavation hospitality“ Eyeball ”search”. Asahi Shimbun (Asahi Shimbun): p. Morning edition Hokkaido comprehensive edition 
  4. ^ a b Kenji Izumi (December 2015, 12). “Lounge Shiriuchi Nira, exploring the hidden power of Hokkaido's largest production volume, aiming to develop supplements”. Asahi Shimbun (Asahi Shimbun): p. Morning edition Hokkaido comprehensive edition 
  5. ^ Kozue Isozaki (August 2015, 8). “Aiming at the lounge roadside station and the new Shinkansen station, new establishments, superb views, and special products are also available at the“ important point ””. Asahi Shimbun (Asahi Shimbun): p. Morning edition Hokkaido comprehensive edition 

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外部 リンク


 

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