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🥾 | 61-year-old woman slipped down at Kashimayarigadake Unable to rescue due to bad weather


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61-year-old woman slipped down at Kashimayarigadake Unable to rescue due to bad weather

 
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A helicopter from the Nagano Prefectural Police tried to rescue from the sky, but the site was windy and the rescue was scheduled to wait for the weather to recover.
 

A climber woman slipped down at Kashimayarigadake in the Northern Alps. Around 23:9 am on the XNUMXrd, Kashimayarigadake in the Northern Alps of Nagano Prefecture ... → Continue reading

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Strong weather

Nagano

Nagano(Nagano,(British: Nagano Prefecture) IsJapan OfChubu regionに 位置 す るPrefecture.Prefectural office location TheNagano city.

Regulatory countryName ofShinano countryBy the way,ShinshuIt is also called.Not facingInland prefectureAndJapan AlpsBecause there are large-scale mountainous areas includingResidential areaThe rate is low.The catchphrase isHappy shinshu[2].

Nagano cityZenkoji Temple OfMonzen-choDeveloped as18th Winter OlympicsIt is also the venue for.

Overview

The current prefectural area of ​​Nagano Prefecture is a province of JapanShinano countryIs almost equivalent to.However, the oldKamisaka Village・OldYamaguchi Village GifuNakatsugawaToTransboundary transferAs it was done, there are slight differences, so "ShinshuIt is often called "Shinshu", especially in tourist guides it is called "Shinshu". In ancient times, I wrote Shinano[3]..Known as one of the top longevity prefectures in Japan, as of 2020, by prefectureHealthy life expectancySo both men and women were number one[4].

hills,MountainsThere are many,Three major metropolitan areasBecause it is easily accessible fromKaruizawa,KamikochiWas the firstplateauResort-Mountain resortIt is known that there are many. "Japan's three largest summer resortsWith Karuizawa counted asLake Nojiri,EnglishmanFound byJapan Alps,internationalSkiEstablishing its position as a resortHakuba-muraEtc. from ancient timesForeigner(EspeciallyWesternIt has a history of becoming a base for leisure activities of people from all over the world.AlsoSuwa basinIt is,Precision machineryIndustrialBecause of the development of "Oriental SwitzerlandIt is also called ".

Geography

Nagano PrefectureHonshuLocated in the central part, it is adjacent to the surrounding 8 prefectures, and is a prefecture area that is short in the east and west and long in the north and south, with about 128 kilometers east and west and about 220 kilometers north and south.The southern half of the prefecture is close to the Pacific Ocean side,Minami Shinshu areaMany ofTokyoSouth of the prefecture, the northernmost tip of the prefectureNasushiobara,IwakiIt is almost the same latitude as.The area of ​​Nagano prefecture is 13,562.23square kilometerAnd this isSouth KantoIt is close to the total area of ​​1 metropolitan area and 3 prefectures, and in Japan's prefectures,Hokkaido,Iwate,FukushimaIt has the fourth largest area after.

This prefectureGunma-Saitama-Yamanashi-Shizuoka-Aichi-Gifu-Toyama-NiigataAnd 8 prefectures, and the number of adjacent prefectures is 8, which is the largest among 47 prefectures.[Annotation 1]..However, although it is connected to these prefectures by land, transportation between them is not always easy.For example, the length of the border between Saitama Prefecture and the prefecture is only about 10 kilometers, and Kawakami Village Road No. 192 Azusayama Line[Annotation 2]You can only go back and forth directly.In addition, although it is in contact with Toyama Prefecture by land, the Northern Alps of 3,000 meters class is blocked, it is topographically steep, and it is very deep in the mountains, so it is an air route.Kanden Tunnel Electric BusIt is only possible to come and go by private vehicle, and ordinary people cannot come and go by private vehicle.Another prefectural border where vehicles cannot come and go is the prefectural border between Gunma and Fukushima.Also, due to topographical problems, etc.IidaAnd Shizuoka PrefectureShizuoka City,MatsumotoShimosuwa Town,Otaki VillageOkuwaThere are many cities, towns and villages that are land-based but cannot come and go.

The reason why it is topographically difficult to cross the prefectural border is that Nagano Prefecture is not a mountainous terrain with highlands occupying the central part, but rather the northwestern prefectural border.Hida Mountains, Southeastern prefectural borderAkaishi MountainsHigh altitude, some basins betweenInatani,Matsumoto basin,Saku Basin,Nagano BasinEtc.), which is a region centered on.The mountains near the prefectural border are also called "Japanese roofs," and are lined with high mountains at an altitude of 2,000 to 3,000 meters.However, the central part of Nagano Prefecture is not flat, and it is a steep and complicated terrain with many mountains inside.This is not unrelated to the fact that the vicinity of Nagano Prefecture is close to the plate boundary between the North American Plate and the Eurasian Plate, other than the fact that the Japanese archipelago is a new orogenic belt.In addition, it traverses HonshuItoigawa Shizuoka Structural Line(Itoigawa Line) runs north and south under the prefecture, and the Tertiary layer is distributed on the east side of the Itoigawa Line.Along the Itoigawa lineLake SuwaFromCentral structure lineIs running south.Because of this,Zenkoji earthquakeI have experienced many earthquakes.In addition, there are multiple active volcanoes in Nagano Prefecture.

Natural geographyIn the field of, near Nagano prefectureChubu region OfCentral highlandsClassified as.Although there are some inland prefectures with low rainfall in Honshu, Honshu is sandwiched between the Sea of ​​Japan and the Pacific Ocean, and there is sufficient precipitation to maintain the river in combination with the steep topography of Nagano Prefecture. , There are many water sources in the prefecture.There are many large and small rivers in the prefecture, and there are many terrains where each river has eroded the mountains.Has a basin in Nagano prefectureFirst-class riverAs for the Shinano River system, Tenryu River system, Kiso River system, Hime River system,Yahagi RiverWater systemFuji RiverWater systemSekigawaWater systemTone RiverThere is a water system.There are watersheds in the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of ​​Japan in the prefecture.For exampleTenryu River(Nanshin and Lake Suwa are water sources and pass through Inaya),Kiso River(Chuo Shinkin) goes south and pours into the Pacific Ocean.Also, for exampleChikuma River(Toshin, Kitashin),Saikawa(Nakanobu) merges in Nagano City and moves northward, crossing the prefectural borderShinano RiverChange the name and pour into the Sea of ​​Japan.Himekawa(Chuo Shinkin) is also flowing to the Sea of ​​Japan.

The city with the largest population in the prefecture is Nagano City with 38 people.[5], The largest municipality is Matsumoto City's 978.77 square kilometers[6], The municipality with the highest population density is Okaya City 620.27 (people / kmXNUMX)[7], The maximum daytime population ratio was 117.8% in Karuizawa Town[8].

Land use is 4 in Nagano City, Suzaka City, Obuse Town, Kamitakai District, Matsumoto City, and Shiojiri City.City planning areaArea divisionbyUrbanization control areaIs set.

terrain

Basin / valley

Mountain

(I.e.

Pass

river

Lake

nature Park

National park
Chubu Mountain National Park,Myoko Togakushi Mountains National Park,Joshinetsu Kogen National Park,Chichibu Tama Kai National Park,Southern Alps National Park
National park
Yatsugatake Chushin Kogen Quasi-National Park,Tenryu Oku Mikawa Quasi-National Park,Myogi Arafune Saku Kogen Quasi-National Park,Central Alps National Monument
National park
National Alps Azumino Park
Prefectural nature park
Mitake Prefectural Park,Mibine River Prefectural Park,Yasuragi Prefectural Natural Park,Holy Mountain Kogen Prefectural Park,Tenryu Small Aquifer System Prefectural Nature Park

climate

Since Nagano Prefecture is located inland, it is generally located inland.Inland climateAnd because there are some areas with high altitudeCentral highland climateIs said.However,Hokushin regionMost of theChushin region-Toshin regionPart ofSea of ​​Japan side climateIt also has the characteristics of.On the contrary, with a part of the Chushin regionNanshin district ThePacific climateIt also has the characteristics of.In addition, each city in Nagano Prefecture has different altitudes, and the climate is modified due to the shape of mountain ranges and basins, so there are differences in climate.

However, overall, the cold winter is more severe than inland prefectures near the same latitude in Japan.Above allKaruizawa,Shinano,Shiga Kogen,Sugadaira Kogen,Mt. Yatsugatake,Kaida Kogen,Nobeyama Plateau,KamikochiAreas with high altitudes such asKöppen climate classificationThen.Subarctic humid climate(Df), all year roundHokkaidoIt has a moderate climate.Also, especially at high altitudesArcticSome areas are moderately cold.

In summer, in basins such as Nagano and Matsumoto, daytime temperatures are almost the same as in Tokyo, and sometimesExtremely hot dayIs observed, but it is cool in the morning and evening,Tropical nightIs observed on almost none.

Precipitation amountHowever, there are large regional differences, from the Toshin region to the Hokushin region, which is as small as around 900 mm per year, but from the Chushin region to the Nanshin region, it reaches 1,500 mm per year.

Regarding snowfall, some areas of the Hokushin region, Chushin region, and Toshin regionHeavy snowfallOr it is a special heavy snowfall area.Snowfall conditions differ from north to south of the prefecture.In Nagano prefecture, there are snowfalls called "Kamiyuki" and "Shimoyuki". "Kamiyuki" should normally rain,South coast lowAs a result of the passage of water, the temperature drops and snow becomes snow, and the amount of snowfall increases in Chu-Nanshin and Toshin, which are close to low pressure systems.[9].. "Shimoyuki" is the snow that falls due to the strong monsoon in winter, and it is easy to snow in the northern part of Nagano prefecture in the case of winter-type pressure distribution near Japan in the high west and low east. So-called Sea of ​​Japan type snowfall[10]..In addition, in the Nanshin regionInataniIt is,IidaOldMinami Shinano VillageAlthough there is little snow except in the area, there is a big difference in temperature.

Normal values ​​in various places in Nagano prefecture (statistical period: 1971-2000, source:Meteorological Agency / Meteorological Statistics Information
Average price
(Monthly)
Hokushin regionToshin regionChushin region
Nozawa OnsenIiyamaShinanoNaganoNagano city
Shinshu Shinmachi
White horseUeda
Sugadaira
(I.e.TomiKaruizawaSakuStandingMinamimaki
Nobeyama
OmachiAzumino
Hotaka
average
temperature
(° C)
Warmest month23.6
(May)
24.4
(May)
21.9
(May)
24.9
(May)
23.9
(May)
22.5
(May)
19.3
(May)
24.9
(May)
21.6
(May)
20.3
(May)
23.2
(May)
22.6
(May)
19.0
(May)
22.0
(May)
24.2
(May)
Coldest month−1.4
(May)
−2.0
(May)
−3.2
(May)
−0.7
(May)
−1.1
(May)
−2.9
(May)
−6.1
(January and February)
−0.5
(May)
−2.5
(January and February)
−3.6
(May)
−1.8
(May)
−2.1
(May)
−5.2
(January and February)
−2.8
(January and February)
−1.0
(May)
Precipitation amount
(mm)
Most months296.7
(May)
188.7
(May)
182.2
(May)
137.1
(May)
161.0
(May)
295.8
(May)
147.1
(May)
144.1
(May)
159.5
(May)
185.5
(May)
165.5
(May)
170.0
(May)
227.6
(May)
187.3
(May)
52.5
(May)
Minimum month76.7
(May)
62.5
(May)
65.8
(May)
38.2
(May)
41.5
(May)
112.4
(May)
63.8
(May)
17.5
(May)
18.8
(May)
20.8
(May)
15.4
(May)
19.3
(May)
29.5
(May)
58.5
(May)
24.8
(May)
Average price
(Monthly)
Chushin regionNanshin district
AndMatsumoto
Matsumoto Imai
Matsumoto
Nagawa
Shiojiri
Kiso Hirasawa
Kiso
Kaida Kogen
Kiso
Kiso Fukushima
NagisoSuwaHaramuraTatsunoInaIijima(I.e.Iida
Minami Shinano
Achi
Nanai
average
temperature
(° C)
Warmest month24.3
(May)
20.3
(May)
22.3
(May)
19.8
(May)
22.6
(May)
23.2
(May)
23.5
(May)
21.4
(May)
23.2
(May)
23.1
(May)
22.9
(May)
24.7
(May)
24.2
(May)
20.9
(May)
Coldest month−0.6
(May)
−3.5
(January and February)
−2.1
(May)
−4.8
(May)
−1.7
(May)
−0.6
(May)
−1.5
(May)
−3.1
(May)
−1.3
(May)
−0.8
(May)
0.6
(May)
0.9
(May)
−2.4
(May)
Precipitation amount
(mm)
Most months155.9
(May)
275.9
(May)
260.7
(May)
293.4
(May)
273.0
(May)
385.3
(May)
203.8
(May)
208.8
(May)
151.1
(May)
280.5
(May)
232.9
(May)
267.8
(May)
378.6
(May)
Minimum month23.3
(May)
71.8
(May)
62.5
(May)
63.7
(May)
53.7
(May)
87.1
(May)
33.8
(May)
31.6
(May)
34.0
(May)
55.0
(May)
47.7
(May)
49.7
(May)
83.3
(May)

Classification by the Japan Meteorological Agency

Northern Nagano Prefecture (out of northern Koshin district)
  • Nakano Iiyama area-Iiyama City, Nakano City, Shimizu District, Shimotakai District
  • Nagano Area-Nagano City, Suzaka City, Chikuma City, Kamitakai District, Kamimizunai District, Hanashina District
  • Northern Alps Area-Omachi City, Kitaazumi District
Central Nagano Prefecture (in the northern part of Koshin district)
  • Ueda area-Ueda City / Tomi City / Ogi District
  • Saku Area-Saku CityKomoro・Kitasaku-gun, Minamisaku-gun
  • Matsumoto area-Matsumoto city (excluding former Azumi village and former Nagawa village), Shiojiri city (excluding former Narakawa village), Azumino city, Higashi Chikuma district
  • Suwa Area-Okaya City/Suwa City/Hadano・Suwa-gun
  • Norikura/Kamikochi area-Matsumoto city (former Azumi village and former Nagawa village)
Southern Nagano Prefecture (out of southern Koshin district)
  • Kamiina Area-Ina City, Komagane City, Kamiina District
  • Shimoina Area-Iida City/Shimoina District
  • Kiso area-Shiojiri city (former Narakawa village) / Kiso county

As a general rule, warnings and warnings issued by the local meteorological observatory are announced for each municipality.However, Matsumoto City will be announced separately for "Matsumoto" and "Norikura Kamikochi", and Shiojiri City will be announced separately for "Shiojiri" and "Narakawa".[11].

Heavy snow designated

All areas: Nakano City, Matsukawa Village, Iizuna Town, Ogawa Village
Part: Nagano City, Matsumoto City, Ueda City, Iida City, Suzaka City, Omachi City, Azumino City
  • Special heavy snowfall area
All areas: Iiyama City, Hakuba Village, Otari Village, Takayama Village, Yamanouchi Town, Kijimadaira Village, Nozawa Onsen Village, Shinano Town, Sakae Village
Part: Nagano City

Region

Positioning of Nagano Prefecture in Japan's regional divisions

Nagano Prefecture is located in the center of Japan, but according to the East-West classificationChubu Electric PowerAt some companies and groups such asWest JapanMay be classified as[Annotation 3]・From the historical/population ratio/area ratioEast JapanIt may be classified into. In the local classificationChubu region,Koshin region,Shinetsu region,Koshinetsu district,Kitashinetsu districtand so on.

Municipalities

  • There are a total of 77 local governments in the prefecture.Of these, 19 cities, 14 counties, 23 towns, and 35 villages, about half of which are "villages."77 cities, towns and villages are in all prefecturesHokkaidoSecond place aftercountyandvillageThe number of is the largest in 47 prefectures.Of these, in terms of populationTown system enforcement requirementsThere are 8,000 villages that meet the requirements (population of 5 or more, in bold), and no town meets the requirements for enforcement of the city system.[12].
  • DID Is set in Shimosuwa Town and Minowa Town in addition to the city area.
  • townIs read as "town" except for Anancho, and all villages are read as "mura".

The division by prefecture is subdivided into 10 areas according to the jurisdiction of local offices.

(Population is as of June 2021, 9)

Metropolitan area

Urban employment area(10% commuting area, central city DID is 1 or more)

Region1980199019952000200520102015
Hokushin regionNagano Metropolitan area
51Ten thousand4136
Nagano Metropolitan area
53Ten thousand6895
Nagano Metropolitan area
60Ten thousand8073
Nagano Metropolitan area
60Ten thousand9811
Nagano Metropolitan area
61Ten thousand0687
Nagano Metropolitan area
60Ten thousand2781
Nagano Metropolitan area
58Ten thousand9549
中 Metropolitan area
5Ten thousand8282
中 Metropolitan area
5Ten thousand8676
Nakano metropolitan area
Included in Nagano metropolitan area
Chushin regionAnd Metropolitan area
37Ten thousand1850
And Metropolitan area
41Ten thousand7666
And Metropolitan area
43Ten thousand1901
And Metropolitan area
44Ten thousand4926
And Metropolitan area
45Ten thousand5352
And Metropolitan area
45Ten thousand0869
And Metropolitan area
44Ten thousand7802
Toshin region(I.e. Metropolitan area
20Ten thousand5775
(I.e. Metropolitan area
21Ten thousand6017
(I.e. Metropolitan area
22Ten thousand1386
(I.e. Metropolitan area
22Ten thousand7062
(I.e. Metropolitan area
22Ten thousand3463
(I.e. Metropolitan area
21Ten thousand7421
(I.e. Metropolitan area
21Ten thousand2314
Saku Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand7797
Saku Metropolitan area
9Ten thousand8348
Saku Metropolitan area
10Ten thousand0597
Saku Metropolitan area
16Ten thousand2355
Saku Metropolitan area
18Ten thousand9058
Saku Metropolitan area
18Ten thousand6206
Saku Metropolitan area
18Ten thousand2007
Komoro Metropolitan area
4Ten thousand8346
Komoro Metropolitan area
4Ten thousand4888
Komoro Metropolitan area
4Ten thousand5711
Komoro metropolitan area
Included in the Saku metropolitan area
Nanshin district(I.e. Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand1286
(I.e. Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand6498
(I.e. Metropolitan area
16Ten thousand8439
(I.e. Metropolitan area
16Ten thousand9427
(I.e. Metropolitan area
17Ten thousand1491
(I.e. Metropolitan area
16Ten thousand6652
(I.e. Metropolitan area
15Ten thousand9632
Suwa Metropolitan area
11Ten thousand4705
Suwa Metropolitan area
10Ten thousand9028
Suwa Metropolitan area
12Ten thousand7278
Suwa Metropolitan area
13Ten thousand0616
Suwa Metropolitan area
13Ten thousand3323
Suwa Metropolitan area
20Ten thousand4875
Suwa Metropolitan area
19Ten thousand8475
Okaya Metropolitan area
11Ten thousand2678
Okaya Metropolitan area
10Ten thousand9260
Okaya Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand2591
Okaya Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand0325
Okaya Metropolitan area
7Ten thousand7562
Okaya metropolitan area
Included in the Suwa metropolitan area
Ina Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand4003
Ina Metropolitan area
11Ten thousand1759
Ina Metropolitan area
11Ten thousand6512
Ina Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand1715
Ina Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand2453
Ina Metropolitan area
19Ten thousand0402
Ina Metropolitan area
18Ten thousand4305

Regional characteristics

Heisei Municipal MergerIs not implemented as much as in other prefectures, and small and medium-sized local governments compare it.However,Wide area unionThe system is used in all municipalities in the prefecture, and wide-area administration by some office unions is also active.2005From Nagano prefecture to Gifu prefecture in (17)NakatsugawaThere was also a case of a merger with Heetsu prefecture.

The number of mergers was small even during the Great Meiji Merger, but this isGround revisionThe reason is that the merger of small villages progressed during this period.[13]..With a serial number to the vast village created by the land tax reformLot numberIt is not uncommon for the lot number to be 5 digits in the prefecture.[13]..In addition, there are many addresses where the street address comes next to the name of the town or village.[13].

Hokushin(Hokushin area,Nagano area),Toshin(Saku area,Ueda area),CITIC(Matsumoto area,Kiso area,Northern Alps area),Nanshin(Kamiina area,Minami Shinshu area,Suwa area) 4 areas arePhysical geographyAnd historyTransportationThe characteristics are completely different on each side.

this is,"Shinano country"(Prefectural song)"And,Ina,Saku,Zenkoji TempleIt is also symbolized in 4 categories. Broadly speaking, Kitashin, Toshin, Chushin, and Nanshin are the northern, eastern, western, and southern regions of Nagano Prefecture, respectively.HokushinNanshinThe four regions are in contact with each other except.

Hokuriku Shinkansen-Shin-Etsu Main Line-Iiyama Line-Koumi Line,National Route 18-Joshinetsu ExpresswayAlong the lineHokushinToshinIt is,Chikuma RiverMainly in the basinNakasendoNorth country roadAlong the railway line.

HokushinIt is,Niigata-GunmaIs in contact withSengoku periodToMurakami-Mr. Takeda-Mr. Oda-UesugiHas been placed in the sphere of control of.Zenkoji KaidoHow it was alongHokuriku Shinkansen-Joshinetsu ExpresswayBecause it is connected withNiigata,Gunma,TokyoDeeply connected with.

In recent years, many tourists from the metropolitan area have also visited. Also,CITICAndNagano Expressway-Shinonoi LineConnected by.Hokushin TheNagano BasinBecause it is a region centered on the sea and is close to Niigata Prefecture, many people go to the Sea of ​​Japan by sea bathing.

OneToshinIt is,Gunma-Saitama-YamanashiIn the Warring States PeriodMr. Takeda-Mr. Oda-Tokugawa-Hojo-SanadaHas been put in control of.NakasendoAnd the historical background that was the confluence of the Kitakoku KaidoHokushinalikeHokuriku Shinkansen-Joshinetsu ExpresswayBecause it is connected withMt. Asamayama,Usui PassCrossedGunma,TokyoThere is also deep interaction with.

In addition,Nobeyama PlateauViaNational Route 141-Koumi LineConnected byYamanashiThere is also deep interaction with.YamanashiIs currently betweenChubu Crossing ExpresswayIs under maintenance.Mikuni Pass (Nagano Prefecture/Saitama Prefecture)It is also in contact with Saitama Prefecture via the route, but there are few physical distributions due to bad road conditions. On the roadKarizaka Pass OfNational Route 140Before the opening of the road, Usui Pass-Toshin- Yamanashi - ShizuokaOigawaThe eastern route isNational Route 16Without going through the areaKanto regionSince it was the shortest route to bypass the inside, it is the region with the strongest Kanto orientation.

Against these,Chuo Main Line-Iida Line-Oito line,Chuo Expressway-Nagano ExpresswayAlong the lineCITICNanshinIt is,Nakasendo,Koshu Highway, Chikuni Highway (Itoigawa Highway, Matsumoto Highway),North country west highway, Along the Sanshu Kaido.

CITICIt is,Niigata-Toyama-GifuIn the Warring States PeriodMr. Ogasawara-Nishina-Mr. KisoThroughMr. Takeda-Mr. OdaHas been put in control of.Nakasendo,Koshu HighwaySince it was along the Senkoku Highway (Itoigawa Highway, Matsumoto Highway) and Sanshu Highway,Niigata,Gifu,Yamanashi,Aichi,TokyoDeeply interact with.

North country west highwayAlong the lineNagano ExpresswayHas been maintained,Nagano areaConnected with. Located in the northern part of Chushin areaNorthern Alps areaIt is,Hida MountainsIt is located on the east side of the mountain, and is popular for climbing and skiing, making it one of the largest in Japan.Happoone Ski ResortAndTsugaike Kogen Ski ResortThere,Nagano OlympicsAlso became the venue. In terms of tourism, there are many tourists not only from the Kanto region but also from the Kansai region.

In addition,National Route 147-National Route 148Connect viaNiigataThere is also an exchange with the mountain sightseeing routeTateyama Kurobe Alpine RouteByToyamaI am in contact with him. Also located in the central part of the Chushin regionMatsumoto area(Chushin)Suwa areaWith (Nanshin)NakasendoKoshu HighwayIn the area that developed asYamanashi,Tokyo,GifuDeeply interact with (Tono, Hida). Located in the southern part of the Chushin regionKiso area(Chushin) is a wide-area Nagoya area (Chukyo area), and historically,Mino countryBelongs to the Edo periodOwari DomainThat it was a territory,National Route 19Through (Nakasendo),Gifu-AichiBecause it is connected with, it has a deep economic and cultural connection.

on the other hand,NanshinIt is,Yamanashi,Shizuoka,AichiIn the Warring States PeriodMr. Suwa-Mr. Takeda-Mr. Oda-TokugawaHas been placed in the sphere of control of.Nakasendo,Koshu Highway,Sanshu KaidoSince it was along the lineYamanashi,Tokyo,Shizuoka,AichiDeeply interact with.Suwa areaIt is,Matsumoto areaWith (Chushin)NakasendoKoshu HighwayIn the area that developed asYamanashi,Tokyo,Gifu(Tono) Is deeply interacting with.

In addition,Minami Shinshu area(Nanshin) is a wide area of ​​Nagoya (Nanshin)Chukyo area)Chuo Expressway-National Route 153(Sanshu Kaido,Ashikaga Highway) Through Gifu PrefectureTono region, Aichi PrefectureNagoya・ Owari ・NishimikawaLocal and evenMieBecause it is connected with, it has a deep economic and cultural connection.

さ ら に,Minami Shinshu areaThen,Shizuoka・ Aichi PrefectureHigashimikawa regionAlthough they are adjacent to each other, the logistics are not well developed due to bad road conditions. Current,San-en Nanshin Expressway(Iida City-Hamamatsu City) is under construction, but it is undecided whether it will pass all. Also, JRIida Line,National Highway 151so,Shinshiro-ToyokawaThroughToyohashiGo out to.

The water systemHokushin-CITIC(Matsumoto area,Northern Alps area)・Toshin(Excluding some) belongs to the Sea of ​​Japan side water system,Nanshin-CITIC(Kiso area)・Toshin(Saku-Tateshina-MinamimakiPart of) belongs to the Pacific side water system.

In general,Minami Shinshu area,Kiso areaHas a strong Nagoya orientation, and other areas have a strong Tokyo orientation[14].. Before modern timesNakasendoIn terms of being alongShinano countryThere were cohesiveness as a whole, but when Tokyo became the capital and traffic was improved in the Meiji era,

  1. Hokuriku Shinkansen(OldShin-Etsu Main Line) Has a deep connection with Tokyo via the Nobunobu, Nagano, Ueda, and Saku areas
  2. Chuo Main LineThe Northern Alps, Matsumoto, Suwa, and Kamiina regions are deeply connected to Tokyo via
  3. The Kiso/Minami Shinshu area, which has a deep connection with Nagoya

It is now possible to divide into 3 areas.

However,Nagano ShinkansenWith the opening, many residents in the Northern Alps region will take a busNagano StationIt has been replaced by using the Shinkansen.

History

original

Even in Nagano PrefecturePaleolithicSome ruins have been excavated. In itLake Nojiri RuinsSpear-shaped wooden instruments/bone instruments/Flaking stonewareRelics have been discovered. This ruinsNaumann Elephant,Bighorn deerIt is estimated that a large mammal such as The period is about 2 to 5000 years ago. Most of the 3 points, which is about one-fourth of those found all over the country, were excavated and the blade part was polished with a grindstone, making it the oldest in the world.Polished stonewareIs said to be[15].. In addition, Nakamachi (Shinanomachi), Hyugabayashi B (Shinanomachi), and Ishigohara (Iida City) remains have been discovered as ruins of this period.

In the first half of the 2000s, Takesanakahara remains (Iida) Is being excavated and investigated. About 4 points including stone tools from 800 points of stone toolsPaleolithicHas been excavated. Natural science analysis (volcanic ash analysis, phytosilicate analysis, carbon 14 dating, photoluminescence dating, etc.) of this stone tool inclusion layer was performed and the result was "older than 3 years and newer than 5 years". Until now, it was thought that people began to live in the Japanese archipelago after about 3 years before the late Paleolithic period, but excavations of this site revealed thatMiddle PaleolithicIt was proved that people started living in this prefecture at the end of the period (3 to 5 years ago).[16].

After 2 years ago, stone tools that are characterized by exfoliated stone tools will be discovered from all over the prefecture. By the end of the late Paleolithic period, the first in JapanFine stone blade Yadegawa RuinsFound in (Minamimaki Village)[17].

Before history, the prefectureJomon Period Of(I.e.Many were distributed, and it was one of the centers of this era.HadanoThere are two clay figurines excavated inNational treasureIt is said that. AlsoSmall prefectureNAGAWA OfWada PassIn JapanobsidianIs a typical production area ofSuwa-gunHaramura OfAku RuinsIs said to be the oldest ring aggregate.

ContinueYayoi cultureFirstTokai regionFrom the southwestern part of Nagano Prefecture, and then on the Sea of ​​Japan sideHokuriku regionIt is believed that it was transmitted from the north to the north. It is unclear whether the cause is the spread of these two routes,Nakano OfYanagisawa RuinsWas buried together with the only one in eastern JapanBronzeCopper rodIt has been excavated (there is only a few cases in Japan where copper and copper were excavated together, and it is extremely rare that Osaka Bay-type and Kyushu-type copper are mixed).

From the Ritsuryo era to the Edo era

After the Meiji Restoration

Prefectural Sanji system
Abandoned Domain

Modern times

population

Demography20000.svg
Population distribution by age in Nagano prefecture and Japan (2005)Nagano Prefecture Population Distribution by Age and Gender (2005)
Purple-Nagano Prefecture
Green-All over Japan
Blue-male
Red-female

Changes in the population of Nagano prefecture
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

city

Nagano Prefecture City Population Ranking
Nagano Prefecture city population density ranking (2016(28) present)
  1. Okaya(585 people / square kilometer)
  2. Chikuma(502 people / square kilometer)
  3. Suwa(453 people / square kilometer)
  4. Nagano city(450 people / square kilometer)
  5. Komoro(434 people / square kilometer)

Politics

Prefectural government

Prefectural governor / prefectural office

Enforcement agency
  • Governor : Moruichi Abe
  • Deputy Governor: Hiroshi Ota, Shoichiro Seki
    • Governor Department-Crisis Management Department, Planning Department, General Affairs Department, Health and Welfare Department (internal department to Hospital Business Department), Environment Department, Commerce and Industry Labor Department, Tourism Department, Agriculture Administration Department, Forestry Department, Construction Department, Accounting Department
  • Public company manager
  • Administrative committee
  • Office(Branch office
    • Saku Regional Development Bureau = Komoro City, Saku City, Minamisaku District, Kitasaku District
    • Ueda Regional Development Bureau = Ueda City, Tomi City, Ogi District
    • Suwa Regional Development Bureau = Okaya City, Suwa City, Chino City, Suwa County
    • Kamiina Regional Development Bureau = Ina City, Komagane City, Kamiina District
    • Minami Shinshu Regional Development Bureau = Iida City, Shimoina District
    • Kiso Regional Development Bureau = Kiso District
    • Matsumoto Regional Development Bureau = Matsumoto City, Shiojiri City, Azumino City, Higashi Chikuma District
    • Northern Alps Regional Development Bureau = Omachi City, Kitaazumi District
    • Nagano Regional Development Bureau = Nagano City, Suzaka City, Chikuma City, Kamimizunai District, Kamitakai District, Hanashina District
    • Hokushin Regional Development Bureau = Nakano City, Iiyama City, Shimotakai District, Shimizu District

Prefectural assembly

  • Number of people: 57 people
  • Term:2019(31)May 4から2023(5nd year of Reiwa)May 4Until
  • Chair: Hideo Kiyosawa
Voting body

Outer organization

The prefecture has contributed to or contributed to a total of 43 groups (2009(21) as of April).

finance

2007 (19)
2006 (18)
Source:Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications 18 List of major public sector financial indicators
Within the prefectureLocal allocation taxUndelivered organization
2005 (17)
  • Fiscal strength index 0.40
    • Group III (financial power index 0.3 or more, less than 0.4) 14th out of 1 municipalities
2004 (16)
  • Fiscal strength index 0.40
    • Group III (financial power index 0.3 or more, less than 0.4) 13th out of 1 municipalities

Topics related to Nagano Prefecture since the 2000s

Yasuo Tanaka Prefectural government related
  • Departure/press club declaration
    2001(13)May 5, Governor of the timeYasuo TanakaIs in the prefectural officePress clubAnnounced that it will abolish the press room used exclusively by and will set up a press center that anyone can use.2001(13)May 7A "temporary expression dojo" was established in the area to spread the ripples.
    after that,2002(14)May 4Was renamed "Expression Center" and was installed on the north side of the 5th floor of the prefectural office.2006It was abolished in (18).
  • Escape from dam declaration
  • Nagano prefecture designation of origin management system(System summary
    See internal link for details
  • Rename concept
    The concept that Tanaka in the governor's era renamed "Nagano Prefecture" to "Shinshu Prefecture". Especially since it is often called "Shinshu" in terms of tourism, it was said to have an effect on the tourism industry. The root of this is that there is still a sense of confrontation between Nagano City and Matsumoto City. Initially it appeared on the newspaper, but it disappears without knowing if there was any actual movement.
  • Yamaguchi Murakoshi merger problem
    oldYamaguchi Village(CurrentGifuNakatsugawaYamaguchi area) was the opposite of the merger of Echi prefecture from the beginning of the merger notification. He continued to disagree with the approval of the merger council and said, "Yamaguchi should remain in Nagano." As a result, the merger was approved and the cross-border merger was realized, but Tanaka himself did not bend his will to the end.
    The conflict with the Yamaguchi-Murakoshi prefectural merger caused a conflict with the Yamaguchi-mura villagers, the village office, the village council, and the prefectural council, which led to the start of the successor governor, Murai Prefectural Government, on the tailwind of the “anti-Tanaka school”.

While there is a view that Tanaka prefectural government is self-righteous and dictatorship, the evils of Nagano prefectural government up to that point (for example, the LDP, which is the majority of prefectural council, ignores the opinions of minority groups and promotes overdevelopment). There is also a tendency to evaluate in that it has defeated, and the pros and cons are divided.

Hitoshi Murai Prefectural Government
  • Declaration of Tanaka prefectural government complete liquidation
    2006Defeated Tanaka in the governor election (18)Murai HitoshiContinued to criticize Tanaka's political stance as "a dictator" since the election.[Annotation 4], After winningComplete denial and complete liquidation of all Tanaka policiesDeclared to do. What Murai had clearly stated was the abolition of the Governor's Office on the 1st floor of the prefectural office and the cancellation of the declaration of dam removal, which Tanaka moved to the first floor of the prefectural office to "aim for an open prefectural government."
  • Expulsion of "Dam Commissioner"
  • Dissolution of investigation committee suspected of uncertain use of money in the Winter Olympics
    1998Dissolve the Uncertain Money Research Committee of the Winter Olympics held in (10) on the grounds that it is not constructive to expose the crime of a specific individual or a specific group. The investigative committee plans to investigate the causes of financial deterioration and third-sector railways in the future, which has hindered the discovery of possible administrative cohesion. This is one case that highlights that the prefectural government opened by Tanaka is being closed.
  • linearChuo ShinkansenRoute formulation problem
    While the adoption of "C route" that penetrates the Southern Alps is considered to be influential, "Because it is a large prefecture, it may be two or three (Linear prefecture stations). There must be a station north of route B." It doesn't make sense," he called the argument, "reminiscent of Gada Hikitetsu." After that, in response to growing demand for the realization of the C route in the Iida Shimo Ina region,2010(22) In May 5, for the first time, a resolution was adopted that did not specify the adoption of route B. This issue was settled on May 2011, 5, when the successor, Governor Abe, announced that it was appropriate to adopt the Southern Alps Route.

Compared to Tanaka prefectural government, Murai prefectural government has been criticized for being “closed prefectural government” and “retrogression of prefectural government,” while at the same time avoiding conflicts with parliament and prefectural officials (most prefectural governors across the country are doing this. There is also a tendency to evaluate (the so-called “all ruling party system”), and the pros and cons are divided like Tanaka prefectural government.

Morio Abe Prefectural Government
  • Shinshu type business sorting
    Abe, the current governor2009(21) Based on the experience involved in business sorting as Deputy Secretary General of the Cabinet Office Administrative Reform Council, discussions will be held on the occasion of public disclosure of streamlining prefectural businesses and sharing of roles with national and municipal governments. Sorting"2011(平成23年)1月15日から16日の2日間にわたって実施した。これは県知事選挙での政権公約でもあった。取り扱われた計29件の事業のうち、インターネットを活用した生涯学習情報提供システム事業、信州「食」の魅力向上事業の一部、交通安全啓発活動事業、総合型地域スポーツクラブ育成支援事業の4件が「不要」と判定され、残す25件のうち全体の約7割となる21件が「要改善」と判定された[21].
  • Problems associated with the construction of the Linear Chuo Shinkansen
    Of the 795 million cubic meters of residual soil that will be generated due to the construction of the Linear Chuo Shinkansen, the destination of 350 million cubic meters has not been decided as of September 2019, and Governor Abe has been accepting information without setting a deadline. In addition, the temporary storage space until the place of utilization is decided is not sufficient at this moment, and we are accepting candidate sites. We are dealing with noise complaints from heavy machinery during the construction of the Linear Chuo Shinkansen and the construction of the remaining soil storage site.
    Governor Abe was also distressed by the large-scale running water of the Oi River system that occurred in the Shizuoka Prefectural Industrial Zone, and requested JR Tokai to conserve water resources. On the other hand, regarding the Shizuoka Governor's opposition to the construction start, Governor Abe said, "I'm forcing the residents to put up with it. I would like them to open it until 2027," he said. I am taking it.

National politics

Economic and industrial

  • Nagano prefecture has a high employment rate, both (all) employment rate (61.3%) and elderly employment rate (29.9%) are the highest in Japan, and female employment rate (51.1%) is also the second highest in the nation.[22].
  • As of 2010, the gross product of the prefecture was nominally 8 billion yen.
  • Income inequalityNationwide100If you say,85.5.. In the municipalities of Karuizawa103.4Is only above the national level[8].

industry

For companies with headquartersCategory: Nagano Prefecture companiesSee.

Production by industry

Primary industry

  • Agricultural output (2018)[26]
    1. Matsumoto City 211.9 billion yen
    2. Nagano City 165.3 billion yen
    3. Kawakami Village ¥162.5 billion
    4. Nakano City ¥130.4 billion
    5. Shiojiri City ¥116.7 billion
    6. Azumino City 112.6 billion yen
    7. Saku City 113.1 billion yen
    8. Minamimaki Village 103.7 billion yen
    9. Ueda City ¥87.8 billion
    10. Suzaka City 86.6 billion yen

Primary industry

  • Shipment value of industrial products (2018)[27]
    1. Shiojiri City ¥7374 billion
    2. Nagano City 5884 billion yen
    3. Matsumoto City 5810 billion yen
    4. Ueda City ¥5572 billion
    5. Azumino City 5103 billion yen
    6. Iida City ¥2290 billion
    7. Chino City ¥2283 billion
    8. Saku City 2218 billion yen
    9. Chikuma City ¥2152 billion
    10. Ina City ¥1913 billion

Primary industry

  • Annual product sales(Wholesale / Retail, 2015)[28]
    1. Nagano City 1 billion yen
    2. Matsumoto City 1 billion yen
    3. Ueda City ¥4448 billion
    4. Iida City ¥2460 billion
    5. Saku City 1943 billion yen
    6. Azumino City 1786 billion yen
    7. Suwa City 1779 billion yen
    8. Shiojiri City ¥1533 billion
    9. Ina City ¥1205 billion 
    10. Okaya City 1111 billion yen

Listed companies

Part 1 listing

Part 2 listing

JASDAQListing

Life and transportation

Policemen

Fire

Currently, there are 13 fire department headquarters.

electricity

Chubu Electric PowerIncluding,TEPCO Renewable Power,Tohoku Electric Power,Kansai Electric Power,Power developmentSuch asHydropowerThere is a place.

Prefecture Enterprise BureauAs a power generation business, there are 14 power plants, the Nanshin Power Management Office in Ina City and the Hokushin Power Management Office in Nagano City.

Power transmission and distribution covers the entire area of ​​Nagano PrefectureChubu Electric Power Power Grid(The head office isNagoya city) Is the power transmission and distribution area. Although the area with a power frequency of 60Hz occupies most of the area,KomoroTakamine Plateau,OmachiPart ofOdani villagePart ofMatsumotoNagawa,MatsumotoAzumiPart ofAzuminoHotaka OfNakabo Onsen,IiyamaPart ofSakaemuraThere is a mixed area with 50Hz in some parts of.

gas

The city gas business in Nagano has been operated by Nagano so far.Tokyo GasAlthough it has been regarded as a large scale by2006In 18, Nagano Prefecture's gas business (Nagano Prefecture Enterprise Bureau) was privatized and newly established.Nagano city gasBusiness was transferred to. afterwards,2006As of July 18, 7, all the operations that Tokyo Gas was doing in Nagano Prefecture (including the operations of the company's Nagano branch) have been integrated into Nagano City Gas. Nagano City Gas belongs to the Tokyo Gas Group.

Including the above, the main city gas suppliers in Nagano Prefecture are as follows.

  • Nagano city gas -Head office: Nagano City, supply area: Nakano City, Suzaka City, Nagano City, Chikuma City, Ueda City, Tomi City, Komoro City, Saku City, Yamanouchi Town, Obuse Town, Miyoda Town
  • Ueda Gas --Headquarters: Ueda City, Supply Area: Ueda City, Tomi City
  • Enakis-Headquarters: Ueda City, Supply Area: Shiojiri City
  • Omachi Gas-Headquarters: Omachi City, Supply Area: Omachi City
  • Matsumoto gas -Headquarters: Matsumoto City, Supply Area: Matsumoto City
  • Suwa gas --Headquarters: Suwa City, Supply Area: Suwa City, Chino City, Okaya City, Shimosuwa Town
  • Shinshu Gas-Headquarters: Iida City, Supply Area: Iida City

Water supply

  • Nagano Prefectural Water Supply (Company Bureau)
    • Water supply business
      • Nagano City (Shinonoi, Kawanakajima, Sarahoku, part of Shinsara district), Ueda City (Shioda, part of Kawanishi district), Chikuma City (excluding Kuwabara and Hachiman districts), Sasaki Town
    • Water supply business for tap water
      • Matsumoto City, Shiojiri City, Yamagata Village

Excluding thatWater supply businessIs the relevant department or department of each municipality, or the Waterworks Bureau (Local public enterprise) And water companies (Some office associations) Etc.

Transportation

Nagano Prefecture is old,Nakasendo,North country road,Koshu HighwayIt is located at the intersection of traffic that connects the north, south, east, and west of the country, and the main trunk traffic still intersects from that flow.

In addition, in Nagano prefecture, which is a mountainous region, the transportation network that connects the prefectures plays an important role.Kanto region,KinkiSince it is a prefecture with a vast area,JRThere are jurisdiction routes for all three Honshu companies. EspeciallyInataniKiso-gunIt is,Capital Area(Tokyo-Kamakura)WhenKinai(Osaka-京都-Nara) Is located equidistant from.

In the early 1990shighway(Chuo Expressway-Nagano Expressway-Joshinetsu Expressway) And Shinkansen (Hokuriku ShinkansenBefore the opening of ), it was called the "Land Islands" due to the difficulty of accessing other prefectures, the metropolitan area, and the Chukyo area due to geographical conditions.[29].

Car registration number sign

The Suwa number has a low penetration rate among the 20 local numbers nationwide, probably because it was introduced by a wide-area administrative entity despite the low approval rating in the local area (the collection rate of all household questionnaires regarding introduction is around 18%). Is 15th and the number of grants is 17th.The government is expecting the spread of natural switching by replacing vehicles.In addition, there is a movement to request the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism to introduce "Ina" number or "Minami Shinshu" number in Ina Valley and "Karuizawa" number or "Saku" number in Toshin region.[30].

Incidentally,Ueda,Matsukawa,KashiwamuraIs unique in the municipalityDesign license plateHas been adopted.

Train

Nagano PrefectureOld railwayThe railroadJRThe only company that was split into three Honshu companiesPrefecturesIs. MainlyEast Japan Railway(JR East) covers the areas of Hokushin, Toshin, and Nakashin (excluding the Kiso region and the northern part of the Northern Alps region) and the Suwa region.Tokai passenger railway(JR Tokai) has jurisdiction over Nanshin (excluding the Suwa area) and the Kiso region. Also,West Japan Railway Company(JR West Japan)Minamiotari StationNorth ofOito lineIt is responsible for non-electrified sections. The number of ordinary trains is very close to both Nagano and Matsumoto cities.[Annotation 5] And Toshin area[Annotation 6] No more than 1 hourly except.

East Japan Railway
Tokai passenger railway
West Japan Railway Company

道路

High standard highway
Regional high standard road
General national road
Main local road-General prefectural road

空港

The only inland prefecture has an airport.

Medical and welfare

Tertiary emergencyDesignated medical institution
Local independent administrative corporationPrefectural Hospital (Operating entity: "Nagano Prefectural Hospital Organization")
Local independent administrative corporationNot a prefectural hospital
Disaster base hospital
Nursery

Education

Nagano Prefecture was formerly known as an “educational prefecture” because it was enthusiastic about education, but the image of Nagano Prefecture as an “educational prefecture” gradually faded as the Japanese education system shifted to deviation-valued education.

2002(14) Under the Tanaka prefectural government, a class of 30 students in public elementary schools was promoted.2005(17), a complete 1-person class spanning the 4th grade of elementary school 4st to 30th grade was realized for the first time in Japan at the full cost of the prefecture. In addition, the 5th and 6th grade elementary schools are held jointly with municipalities.

Regarding long-term holidays, some schools also offer "cold holidays" due to the climate of Nagano Prefecture,Winter vacation,Summer VacationDue to short short-term holidays, the number of holidays is smaller than in other prefectures, and the number of school days is increased accordingly.

The official name of the prefectural high school in Nagano Prefecture is “Nagano Prefecture ○○ High School” according to Article 39 of the High School Establishment Ordinance (December 12, 28, Nagano Prefecture Ordinance No. 64), and “Nagano PrefectureStandDo not use “prefectural” names such as “○ Senior High School”. this isHokkaido,MiyagiIs similar to. It is retroactive when the "Prefectural Ordinance No. 1920" was issued in 38 to remove the character "Ritsu" from the name of the old prefectural school.[32], In the case of Nagano prefectureSchool reformAt that time, even union and municipal high schools were not distinguished from prefectural high schools, and there were cases where they called themselves "Nagano Prefecture XX High School", and municipal and union high schools were gradually transferred to prefectural governments. There is a history.

Out of the four-year college students, the rate of going to a university in the prefecture was 1987% in 8.0 (nationwide worst 2)[33] However, since the 1990s, four-year colleges have opened one after another, and in 2013 16.4% (nationwide worst 5)[34] Has improved.

Remarks/others

Educational institution

University

National university

Public university

private university

Junior college
College of technology
Vocational school
Special school
high school
Junior high school
primary school
Kindergarten

Mass media

News (Chinese)

Japan Newspaper AssociationAccording to the number of subscriptions in the first half of 2007Shinano Mainichi Shimbun(About 48),Yomiuri Shimbun(About 6.9),Asahi Shimbun(About 6.1),Chunichi Shimbun(About 4.8),Nihon Keizai ShimbunThe order was (about 3.4).

National newspaper
Block paper
Local newspaper
  • Shinshu citizen newspaper group
    • Okaya citizen newspaper
    • Shimosuwa citizen newspaper
    • Suwa citizen newspaper
    • Chino citizen newspaper
    • Tatsuno newspaper
    • Minowa newspaper
    • Minami Minowa newspaper
  • Minami Shinshu newspaper
  • Sarah newspaper
  • Oito Times
  • Nagano Prefecture Commerce and Industry Newspaper
  • Shinken Shimbun
  • Medical time
  • Hokushin Times
  • Hokushin Local
  • Kita Shinano Shimbun
  • Suzaka newspaper
  • Suwa Every Evening Newspaper (closed in 2004)
  • Lake country newspaper(Closed in 2005)
  • Ina Mainichi Shimbun (closed in 2008)

Radio broadcast

AM radio
FM radio
Community FM

Television broadcasting

The fourth commercial TV station opened in Nagano Prefecture1991.In 190 prefectures with a population of over 22 million[When?], Nagano Prefecture was the last time the 4th commercial TV station opened.After thatTelevision Tokyo Channel 12, Ltd.-TXNAlthough there is no affiliated station,Cable TVTV TOKYO (Kiso area, Shimoina area) of the key station in Tokyo by rebroadcast outside the area byTV Aichi) Is available for viewing.All commercial broadcasters in Nagano Prefecture do not broadcast overnight except for disasters and specials.

Nagano Prefecture's terrestrial TV / FM radioPrefectural broadcast Ofmaster stationAnd the main transmission station of FM complementary relay station of SBC radioMigaharaIt is provided in.

Terrestrial wave
NHK Nagano Broadcasting Station(Nagano city) - NHK Matsumoto Branch(Matsumoto)
NHK Broadcast Center(Capital Area) Jurisdiction.Although it is in the Chubu regionNagoya base broadcasting stationIs not under the jurisdiction of.
  • 4 TV Shinshu(TSB) (Nagano City * Headquarters / Matsumoto City, Broadcasting Center / Nagano City until September 2007)
Nippon TV-NNN/NNSseries.
TV Asahi-ANNseries.
TBS-JNNseries.
Private Broadcast Education AssociationMember Bureau.
Fuji Television Network, Inc-FNN/FNSseries.
Cable TV

The number of cable TV stations in Nagano prefecture is higher than the average of all prefectures in Japan, and the number of subscribers exceeds half of all households in the prefecture.[37], There are more than 20 stations. It is considered that this has developed because there are many mountains in the prefecture and there are many difficult-to-view areas.

However, in the early days of cable television, the number of stations was small.Therefore, in addition to the purpose of eliminating difficult-to-view areas, each major cable TV station in the prefecture has retransmitted the Nagano prefecture commercial broadcasting station for the purpose of correcting the information gap inside and outside the prefecture.Key station(In some parts of the Shimoina areaResidents' General Administration Bureau) Re-transmission (so-calledRebroadcast outside the area) Was carried out.This out-of-area rebroadcast continued for a long time after the opening of four commercial broadcasters in the prefecture and the correction of the digital divide.2011 OfDigital terrestrial broadcastingDue to the complete transition, basically, except for TV Tokyo, in response to the policy that digital broadcasting will stop re-broadcasting outside the area2014May 7It was abolished with.

Culture/Sport

dialect

Food culture:

local cuisine

Traditional crafts

Traditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
Traditional crafts

traditional culture

Sports

サ ッ カ ー
baseball
basketball
volleyball
Futsal
curling
Ice hockey
  • (Nagano city)
badminton
boxing
  • (Matsumoto)
karate
Tug of war
marathon-EkidenConvention
Golf
speed skate
Road race
wrestling
Disabled sports

Public competition

Nagano PrefectureOkinawaalike,Public competitionIt is a prefecture with no venues or outside ticket offices.Therefore, on TV etc., "Race guideIs rarely broadcast (but in NBS)Fuji TV series Sunday afternoon horse racing program(Everyone's KEIBA)・Fuji TV series Horse racing program before dawn on Sunday(Uzumaki!)ofCentral horse racingRelated programs are online).Also in the neighboring prefectureHorse racing-Bicycle race-Boat raceLocal commercials such as are played at each commercial broadcasting station in the prefecture.

Prefectural character

Shinshu people are generally proud, but at worst they are exclusive and have a lot of bias.In addition, many people are serious, sincere, and original, and are said to like theory.[38].

Dispositions that vary by region

Since Shinshu is long and expansive in the north and south, there is a difference in temperament depending on the area, such as the more it takes root toward the north.[38].

Hokushin

He is sincere and patient, but he is poor at socializing and often withdraws, and has little desire to reveal himself. In addition, it is unlikely that the opponent will bow down on their own. Introverted and closed-minded and will not show heart, but has a very strong sense of responsibility[38].

Toshin

It's the most rational in the prefecture, and never stops arguing until it makes sense. There are many hot-blooded people who show emotions and emotions, and they are generally poor at socializing and do not hurt people. Only Shinshu has the temperament of unity[38].

CITIC

  • Matsumoto/Azumi area

Rough, uncompromising, impatient and arguing. He is an emotionalist and his theory is thorough. It is exclusive and can harm others, but it is sensitive and lacks tenacity.[38].

  • Kiso area

Sincere, unsuspecting and will not hurt each other. Patience and well-preserving old traditions[38].

Nanshin

Generally moderate and progressive. There is unevenness in interpersonal feelings, and it is unlikely to show trust feelings once or twice, and easy compromises are not allowed. Also, if you don't fit your heartstrings, you often turn to the other side.[38].

  • Suwa area

It is rational and has a strong scientific and scientific aspect. There is a strong sense of responsibility[39].. Once decided, I dare to go on a steep road[40].

  • Iida/Ina area

People are very good and very warm, but lack the rigor of doing things thoroughly[39].. Each region of the prefecture has the impression that it is "quiet"[41].

Tourism

Tangible cultural property building

National treasure
Important traditional buildings preservation area
Country designated scenic spots

Main tourist destinations

Foreign relations

Sister/Friendship Alliance

Works set in Nagano Prefecture

People from Nagano Prefecture

Winners of Nagano Prefecture Honor Award

The Nagano Prefectural Citizens' Honor Award was established in 2015 (Heisei 27), and the prefecture commendation rule states that "a person or group is widely loved by the citizens of the prefecture, raises the name of the prefecture, and gives them a bright hope. Especially for those that have achieved particularly outstanding achievements."[42].

Name of winnerFieldAward dateAchievementSource
Seiji OzawaConductorOctober 2015th, 9Sage Ozawa Matsumoto FestivalAchievements in[43]
Nao Kodairaspeed skateplayerOctober 2018th, 32018 Pyeongchang Olympicsspeed skateWomen's 500m gold medal[44]
Ayaka Kikuchispeed skateplayerOctober 2018th, 32018 Pyeongchang Olympicsspeed skateGirlsGroup pursuitgold medal[44]
Nana Takagispeed skateplayerOctober 2018th, 32018 Pyeongchang Olympicsspeed skateGirlsGroup pursuitMass startWith gold medal[44]

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Second place is Saitama prefecture, Gifu prefecture,Hyogo7 prefectures.However, Hyogo Prefecture includes the marine section.
  2. ^ Former Azusayama forest road.Saitama prefecture sideChichibu City Road Otaki Trunk Line No. 17It is known as the former Nakatsugawa Forest Road.It is unpaved and closed in winter and at night.
  3. ^ However, there are cases where Tohoku Shin is common to East Japan and Chunan Shin is common to West Japan (Takeo Ichikawa 2004 Shinshu Gakudaizen), and the prefecture is not uniform.
  4. ^ At the beginning of the candidacy, he said, "I was evaluating Mr. Tanaka's reform stance," and said, "Not Tanaka.TanakaMr.SuperThe catch phrase was "Super Tanaka".
  5. ^ Shinonoi Station --Nagano Station --Toyono Station, Shiojiri Station --Matsumoto Station 2-3 trains per hour.
  6. ^ Komoro Station-About 2 trains per hour at Nagano Station.
  7. ^ Regarding fornication punishment regulations and restrictions on children going out at night 2016May 11Was enforced on.
  8. ^ Excluding Sakae Village.

Source

  1. ^ Nagano prefectural office (elevation displayed at the bottom left of the screen) -Geographical Survey Institute map
  2. ^ Nagano homepage
  3. ^ Nagano Prefecture, "History of Nagano: History, Volume 1989," 287, p. XNUMX.
  4. ^ "Nagano Prefecture's "healthy life expectancy" ranked first in Japan for both men and women"Asahi Shimbun, January 2020, 8.October 2021th, 2Browse.
  5. ^ Demographics of Nagano City (as of April 23, 4), Viewed May 2011, 10.
  6. ^ Homepage of Matsumoto City (area is as of March 22, 3) Retrieved November 2011, 10.
  7. ^ Population is 2010 of Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsCensusThan. Area is Okaya City Home Page Than. (Retrieved October 2011, 10)
  8. ^ a b 2010 Census
  9. ^ Nagano Astronomical Meteorological Education Research Group "Weather in Shinshu" Shinano Mainichi Shimbun, 1978, 213 pages.
  10. ^ Shinano Mainichi Shimbun "Nagano Encyclopedia" Shinano Mainichi Shimbun, 1974, 177 pages.
  11. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency
  12. ^ Nagano ed. "25 Nagano Prefectural Statistics" Nagano Prefectural Planning and Promotion Department Information Policy Division Statistics Office, 2016, page 38.
  13. ^ a b c Keisuke Imao"Map of Japan that changed drastically due to the great merger of Meiji, Showa, and Heisei How to make names of cities, towns and villages"Japan Kayo Publishing, Nov. 2020, 11, p. 30.ISBN 978-4-8178-4693-8.
  14. ^ Is the range of "Tokaishu" up to you? (PDF)
  15. ^ Nagano Prefectural Cultural Promotion Agency Nagano Prefectural Buried Cultural Property Center "History of Shinshu through digging-Nagano Prefectural Buried Cultural Property Center 30th Anniversary Magazine-" Nagano Prefectural Cultural Promotion Agency Nagano Prefectural Buried Cultural Property Center 2013, page 7.
  16. ^ Takesakahara Ruins "5-3 years ago" Older than the late Paleolithic Shinano Mainichi Newspaper May 2010, 5[Broken link]
  17. ^ Masaki Fukushima "The Beginning of Shinano History" Sadao Furukawa, Masaki Fukushima, Asao Ihara, Toshiyuki Aoki, Chifumi Kodaira "History of Nagano Prefecture" Yamakawa Publishing Co. 2003, pages 10-12
  18. ^ The author's name "Nagano Prefecture History History Edition Separate Volume Chronology/Index Chronology", published by Nagano Prefectural History Publishing Association, 1992, 595 pages.
  19. ^ "" Prefectural Song Shinano no Kuni "Part 1 <5>". Yomiuri Shimbun. オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2009, 6.. https://web.archive.org/web/20090618080129/http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/e-japan/nagano/kikaku/092/7.htm October 2020th, 9Browse. 
  20. ^ "Asahi ShimbunMarch 1980, 3 Tokyo morning edition Nagano Tohoku Shin edition, page 28 "The case of" adult "kidnapping 〇〇 who is impatient with eerie silence and deepens anxiety.Asahi Shimbun Tokyo Head Office・ Nagano branch office)
  21. ^ Completion of Shinshu-type business classification: 4 cases were "unnecessary" and 7% were "improved"
  22. ^ 2006Census
  23. ^ Shinano Mainichi Shimbun "Nagano Prefecture Encyclopedia-Revised Edition", Shinano Mainichi Shimbun, 1981, 435 pages.
  24. ^ "47 prefectures encyclopediaPp. 153.
  25. ^ May 2004, 5 Shinano Mainichi Newspaper Economy 28rd page
  26. ^ Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, "Agricultural Income Statistics on Production," 2018
  27. ^ Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry "Industrial Statistics Table Municipal Edition" June 2019, 6
  28. ^ Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry "Commercial Statistics Table Industry Edition" June 2016, 6
  29. ^ August 1995, 8, Shinano Mainichi Shimbun, page 24, "Komakane on the Chuo Expressway-Nakatsu River opening 29 years Memorial lecture at Iida"
  30. ^ April 2006th, 4 Shinano Mainichi Shimbun, 13th page "To realize the Minami Shinshu number: Request for standard relaxation-wide area alliance acts, decision"
  31. ^ "[http://www.matsumoto-airport.co.jp/timetable/index.htm \ b M.B. www.matsumoto-airport.co.jp. October 2020th, 7Browse.
  32. ^ <Power of voice> Even though it is prefectural ... Why "Nagano Prefecture XX High School"? January 2021, 4 Shinano Mainichi Newspaper
  33. ^ "Basic knowledge of modern Shinshu 1990"
  34. ^ Status of universities and junior colleges by prefecture in 25 Obunsha Educational Information Center
  35. ^ July 2016, 7 One page of Shinano Mainichi Shimbun
  36. ^ July 2016, 7 One page of Shinano Mainichi Shimbun
  37. ^ September 2006, 9, Shinano Mainichi Shimbun, Economics 27rd page
  38. ^ a b c d e f g Keigo Hozuki, Hiroyoshi Kobayashi, Shozo Miyawaki (1986) "Nagano Prefecture Fudoki"
  39. ^ a b Mukaiyama Masashige (1988), Yamakuni Life Magazine Vol. XNUMX
  40. ^ Shinano Mainichi Shimbun Editorial Bureau (2003) "Suwa people and climate"
  41. ^ Hachijyo Foundation (1997) "Nagano Prefecture's Local Culture"
  42. ^ Nagano Prefecture Award Rules -Nagano Prefecture, browsed August 2019, 8.
  43. ^ Prefectural government main event 27 (2015) -Nagano Prefecture, browsed August 2019, 8.
  44. ^ a b c "Nao Kodaira & Nana Takagi presented with Nagano Prefecture Honor Award Sponichi March 2018, 3 Viewed August 27, 2019

References

  • Kendai Murayama + Team B "Basic Knowledge of Contemporary Shinshu 1990" Galaxy Shobo, 1990. 
  • Kazuo Yawata "47 Prefectural Unchiku Encyclopedia" PHP Institute, 2009.ISBN 978-4-569-67178-9. 

Related item

外部 リンク

Administration
Tourism
Predecessor:
Ina PrefecturePart of (Shinano countryNorth)
Tatsuoka DomainPart of (Shinano country)
Iwamurata-Komoro prefecture-Ueda-
Matsushiro-Suzaka-Iiyama Prefecture
Chikuma PrefecturePart of (Shinano country)
Changes in administrative districts
1870 - (Nakano prefecture → Nagano prefecture)
Next generation:
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