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🐈 | When I protected and kept a cat that came to my house, the "former owner" appeared! ... do I have to return the cat? …

Photo I was asked to "return" the cat I picked up ... I was thinking of raising it carefully * The image is an image (rai / stock.adobe.com)

When I protected and kept a cat that came to my house, the "former owner" appeared! ... do I have to return the cat? …

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◆ Kazuaki Ishii Representative lawyer of Asahi Law Office, which has an office in Kyoto City.

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Hello. This is the "Maidena News", a soft news site from Kansai. We will introduce in a timely manner what has become a hot topic on the internet and in the Kansai area centered around Osaka, Kobe and Kyoto. Introducing and commenting deeply on the news and seasonal information that disturbs society from the perspective unique to Kansai. We can answer the "feelings we want to know" of all our users with the spirit of "Kotekote" service unique to Kansai.

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Asahi Legal Affairs

Kyoto City

Kyoto City(Kyoto city Ja-Kyoto-shi.oga Local pronunciation) IsKyotoSouthernに 位置 す るCity.. Kyoto PrefecturePrefectural officeGovernment-designated city.

8th population in Japanese city(Excluding the XNUMX wards).In the city794 (Postponement13 years)Transfer of capitalFrom1869 (Meiji2 years)Tokyo ShrineFor over 1000 yearsJapanese capitalAsHeianjingWas placed, so "Ancient capitalIs called.


The city limitsRegulatory countrySoYamashiroKuzuno-Atago-gun-Kii-gunWhole area, YamashiroUji District-Otokuni-gunTamba countryKuwataPart of YamasukuniKuse-gun-Tsuzuki-gunI am also into[*1].

It is the largest city in Kyoto Prefecture and occupies 56.8% of the prefecture's population (June 2021, 9). The cities that make up the majority of the population of all prefectures areTokyo 23 WardIf you do not think of as one city, it is only Kyoto city. As an urban area, KyotoShigaSpread toKyoto metropolitan area[1] andKei ShigeruIs the core ofKeihanshinPart of (Kinki metropolitan area).Urban employment areaAccording to the standard, the population of Kyoto metropolitan area is 280 million, which is larger than that of Kyoto Prefecture.Tokyo metropolitan area,Osaka metropolitan area,Nagoya metropolitan areaIt is the fourth largest in Japan after[*2].

Postponement13 years(794 ) In JapancapitalBecameHeianjingIn a city based onEmperor Meiji TokyoToYukiyukiUntil about 1080 yearsRoyal familyandOfficial houseHave lived inMillennium CitycapitalThe discussion aboutJapanese capitalSee).Heian period,Muromachi Period OfMuromachi ShogunateIt was the only center of Japanese politics during the period,Kamakura PeriodDuring the Muromachi periodSengoku period,Azuchi-Momoyama Period,Edo Period OfBakumatsuEven during the period, it played a major role as one of the centers of Japanese politics.

From the Heian period to the early Edo period, it was the largest city in Japan, and its urban area was "Kyonaka".Kamakura PeriodLater"Rakuchu"Kyo", "Kyoto no Miyako" and "Kyoto"京都Was called. In the Edo periodSandu,MeijiIn the periodThree cities,TaishoAfter the periodSix big cities(Five big cities) Occupy each corner of theGovernment-designated cityBecame. Under such circumstances, commercial and industrial development for urban dwellers developed, especially in Japan.distributionProducts were shipped nationwide during the Edo period whenIndustrial cityOn the other hand, many engineers areClanDispatched according to the request of. That tradition is stillTraditional craftsNot only remains asKyocera,ShimadzuStarting with companies with advanced technology,Nintendo,WacoalIt is one of the regions supporting modern industry, with the top-class headquarters in the industry gathering.

Second World WarThere are many shrines and temples that have partially escaped the war damage, old historic sites, and townscapes.Religious-貴族-samurai・Various historical data such as common peoplecultureAnd festivals attract domestic and foreign touristsTourist cityAnd thenInternational Tourism and Culture City Law"based onInternational Tourism and Culture CityIs specified in. Moreover, the oldImperial University OfKyoto UniversityAnd many otherUniversityStudents and researchers gather from Japan and overseasAcademic cityBe accompanied[*3].


Located in the southern part of KyotoInland cityThen, the city Kamo River (in the middleKoya RiverMeet withKamogawaAnd change the name),Katsura River,Uji RiverAnd so on.Government-designated cityAnd JapaneseA million citiesThen onlybasinIs located in.

Shijo Kawaramachi(Shijo-doriKawaramachi StreetIs the largest in Kyoto.DowntownIs.Of the central stationKyoto StationIs in the southern part of the cityShichijo-doriHachijo-doriIt is located between Shijo Kawaramachi andShijo KarasumaIt is far from the city center.

The prefectural capital of Shiga PrefectureOtsu CityThe distance between the prefectural offices is the shortest in Japan between Kyoto and Otsu.[2].Kyoto StationからOtsu StationIt takes only about 2 minutes to reach 10 stations by regular train.Therefore, Otsu City is the city of Kyoto.Satellite cityHas a personality as.

Forests cover three quarters of the city[3], The tallest tree in Japan grows in the city[4].



Main mountain


Main river


Kyoto basinBecause it is located in (Yamashiro Basin)Pacific climateSea of ​​Japan side climate,Inland climateTogether withSummer: Winter:, The temperature difference between day and night is large. It is said that the cold of winter is severe as it is said to be "the bottom cold of Kyoto", but it is not low temperature in the major cities and Kansai.Nakagyo WardNishinokyo Kasado Town)Heat island phenomenonWill become noticeable, and the bottom will not be as cold as it once was. The average temperature in the coldest month (January) is 1°C, and the average minimum temperature is 4.6°C, which is higher than Nara and Otsu. However, even in the city, the suburbs are colder than the center, especially in the same basin as it gets colder in the north, and even if there is no snow in the city centerIwakuraOf Ohara and Kita WardHaradaniIn some cases, it may be snowy or below freezing. Due to the influence of the climate on the Sea of ​​Japan side, mountainous areas in the north (formerly Kyokuboku-cho, etc.) have more than twice as many precipitation days as 1.0mm or more in winter than in downtown Kyoto, and there are more snow days than in downtown and cold weather is severe. Even if there is snow in the city areacmThere are many cases.2015 From New Year's Day to January 1rd, it was hit by heavy snow and recorded 3 cm of snow for the first time in 61 years.The heat is very severe in summer.Especially, the daytime temperature is very easy to rise, and there are many records in the 22 ° C range. On August 39, 2019, it reached a record high of 8 ° C.The number of tropical nights is 10 days,Nagoya cityA little more than (19.4 days)Osaka(37.4 days)Kobe CityLess than (43.1 days).

Even in the same Kyoto city, it is necessary to consider separately the mountainous area in the north and the urban area in the south. As far as the city is concerned, the climate is rather high throughout the year, with much higher temperatures and more rainfall, and slightly lower temperatures and less rainfall than Nagoya. However, the city area is also less stable than the other major cities in the Kinki region at the boundary between the climate on the Pacific side and the climate on the Sea of ​​Japan side due to the influence of the Tanba highlands, the atmospheric instability and moist air in summer, the Sea of ​​Japan in winter. It tends to be cloudy with rain clouds and snow clouds, and there is a lot of showers.

Kyoto City(Kyoto Local Meteorological Observatory) Climate
Highest temperature record ° C (° F19.9
Average maximum temperature ° C (° F9.1
Average daily temperature ° C (° F4.8
Average minimum temperature ° C (° F1.5
Minimum temperature record ° C (° F−11.9
Precipitation amount mm (inch)53.3
Snowfall cm (inch)5
Average days of precipitation (≥1.0mm)
Average number of snowfall days (≥0 cm)16.314.26.80.400000006.944.5
Average monthlyDaylight hours123.5122.2155.4177.3182.4133.1142.7182.7142.7156.0140.7134.41,794.1
Source:Japanese Meteorological Agency (Average value: 1991-2020, extreme value: 1880-present)[5][6]
Kyoboku climate
Precipitation amount mm (inch)92.3
Average days of precipitation (≥1.0 mm)15.015.314.411.511.512.612.98.711.310.410.313.1147
Source:Japanese Meteorological Agency (Average value: 1981-2010)[7]


Area name

HeianjingOften appears as "Luoyang", "Chang'an Castle", and "Luojo" in Chinese literature in the middle Heian period. Both are considered to be literary titles that replace "Heian Castle." LaterIn the westChang'anThe capital, eastLuoyangConscious of having madeSuzaku BoulevardThe recognition that the west (Ukyo) was called Chang'an and the east (Sakyo) was called Luoyang was born.[*4].. After that, the southern part of Ukyo, which was a lowland, became lonely and the center of gravity of Heiankyo moved to the east as important facilities such as the Imperial Palace were concentrated in Sakyo.

For example, the folding screen paintings that were drawn in many modern times represent the central and suburbs of Kyoto.Rakuchu RakugaiThere is something like that. Even today, there are the following regional names in Kyoto city. It is often used by the government and tourist guides, but there is no strict division.

In addition, "LowIs still "It is used as a word to represent "," but this is a special name used only in Kyoto.

  • Rakuchu(Rakuchu)-How to call around Tokyo, Chukyo, Shimogyo
  • Rakugai(Rakugai)-Rakunaka's peripheral area
    • Rakuto, Higashiyama-Sakyo WardGinkakuji TempleFrom around to Higashiyama Ward (In case of Nakuto, it also includes Yamashina Ward. Higashiyama is not included).
    • Rakuhoku, Kitayama-From Kamigamo, Kita-kuKitaoji DoriUp to
    • Rakusai, Nishiyama-From the southern part of Ukyo Ward to Nishikyo Ward, around Otokuni.Arashiyamaetc.
    • Rakunan-JR Kyoto Line/Biwako Line (Tokaido Line) or Kujo-dori south to Fushimi. It may include Uji.

While the above is rough, as a regional unit that is more closely related to life,Meiji EraWas introduced inprimary schoolArea names by ward are often used.Former school district in KyotoPlease refer to.

Also, it is the only city designated by governmentHouse displayExcept for some areas such as downtown areas such as Rakuchu and areas that have been developed in recent years, many place names in the city are old town names before incorporation into Kyoto city orLarge print-Fine printIs the name of the town as it is (eg: Former Tanaka village character Monzen → Tanaka Monzen town Sakyo-ku).


Please refer to.

Administrative district

SVG map of Wards of Kyoto City Ja.svg

Kyoto city consists of 11 administrative districts (in order of geographical location). The reading of the ward name and the year of installation are as follows (Municipality Codeorder). Initially, there were two wards, Kamigyo Ward and Shimogyo Ward, but several divisionsmergerThrough1976 The current 51 wards were completed in (Showa 11).

CodesWard namereadingpopulation
The population density
26102 5Kamigyo WardKamikyo83,3047.0311,849.791879 Ward systemby
26106 8Shimogyo WardShimogyo82,5516.7812,175.66According to the 1879 ward system
26103 3Sakyo WardCherry blossom165,299246.77669.851929 Kamigyo Ward to branch
26104 1Nakagyo WardNakagyouku109,7947.4114,8171929 Divided from Kamigyo Ward and Shimogyo Ward
26105 0Higashiyama WardHigashiyamaku36,0707.484,822.191929 Shimogyo Ward to branch
26108 4Ukyo WardTokyo201,460292.07689.771931 Kuzunoから
26109 2Fushimi WardFushimiku276,43861.664,483.261931 FushimiKii-gunFrom
26101 7KitaCome116,64794.881,229.421955 Kamigyo Ward to branch
26107 6South wardMinamiku101,91015.816,445.921955 Shimogyo Ward to branch
26110 6YamashinaWithout a break134,50128.704,686.451976 Higashiyama Ward to branch
26111 4Nishikyo WardDaily148,58159.242,508.121976 Branch from Ukyo Ward


Looking at the population change from the previous census from the 27 national census, it was 0.08 people, an increase of 1,475,183%, and the rate of change is the sixth place in 26 prefectures. By distinction, Shimogyo Ward has the highest increase of 6% and Higashiyama Ward has the lowest decrease of 4.26%. According to the estimated population in the future, it is predicted that the number of people will decrease and fall below 3.66 million in 2045.[8].. 8th in the city of Japan,Daytime populationThen.Kobe City,Kawasaki CityWill be the sixth without.

Population distribution of Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan.svg
Kyoto City and National Population Distribution by Age (2005)Kyoto City Population Distribution by Age and Gender (2005)
Green-All over Japan

Changes in the population of (the area equivalent to) Kyoto
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

Adjacent municipality

Kyoto Prefecture FlagKyoto
Uji city flag Uji city
Nagaokakyo city flag Nagaokakyo
Nantan city flag Nantan city
Kameoka City Flag Kameoka
Sun flag Mukai
Yawata City Flag Yawata
Mt. Ooyama Sakimachi flag Otokuni-gunMt. Ooyama Sakimachi
Kumiyama Town Flag Kuse-gunKumiyama Town
Shiga prefecture flagShiga
Otsu City Flag Otsu City
Takashima city flag Takashima
Osaka Prefecture FlagOsaka
Takatsuki city flag Takatsuki
Shimamoto Town Flag MishimaShimamoto


※hereMeiji RestorationThe following describes Kyoto City. For the history of Kyoto City before,京都See.

Transformation to a modern city

BakumatsuKyoto, which has become the political center of the country, has seen an unprecedented boom due to the expanding population,ForbiddenIn addition to many of the towns being burned,Meiji RestorationlaterRoyal family-Official houseMost of them moved to Tokyo, which caused a rapid decline.Edo PeriodIs "SanduIs calledKyoho14 years(1729 ) Has 374,000 people,Meiwa3 years(1766 ) Boasts a population of 318,000Edo-OsakaIt was the second largest city after the Meiji Restoration1873 In (Meiji 6), the population fell to 238,000.

Therefore, KyotoGovernor(At the beginning of the municipal system enforcement,Mayor of KyotoSome people called for the promotion of industry, and were greeted by Kyoto Prefecture as an advisor for the reconstruction.YamamotoLaunched a plan to restore Kyoto somehow. that is1867 The world's largest event at that time in ParisParis World ExpositionWas held in Kyoto. Therefore, he pleaded with the government to allow restrictions on the movement of foreigners from their residences to be lifted only during the expo, and allowed foreigners to come to Kyoto. AndNishi Honganji-Chion-in-Keninji TempleHeld a fair at the venue to create a foothold for the reconstruction of Kyoto. Last year'sMeiji 4May 10~May 11(1871 May 11~May 12) Is the first in JapanexpositionBy the private sectorNishi HonganjiIs open in[10][Source required].

またSakuro TanabebyLake Biwa Canal such asCanalConstruction and the first in Japan to use the canalHydropower, The first in Japan to use that powerElectric trainoperation(Kyoto Electric Railway,AfterKyoto tram) And other advanced measures were implemented[11]..The population has been increasing by 1 every year for some time since the middle of the Meiji era.

Corresponding to population growth and urban expansion, road expansion andMunicipal trainLaying,Second canalComprising excavation and water supply maintenanceKyoto city's three major projectsWas made. Subsequent to this, the city/ward revision road (city planning road) project and the installation of streetcars were promoted, and in the early Showa periodFushimi(CurrentFushimi WardThe central area) and other nearby municipalities were incorporated, and the population soon exceeded 100 million.

Kyoto under World War II

Second World WarDuring,Six big citiesIn (Tokyo, Osaka, Kyoto, Nagoya, Kobe, Yokohama),Air raidSince it was not heavily damaged, there are relatively many pre-war buildings that are rare for a Japanese city. While there is a theory that it did not suffer a large-scale airstrike to protect its historical heritage,Hiroshima city,Ogura(CurrentKitakyushuKokurakita Ward-Ogura Minami Ward)・NiigataAlong withAtomic bombIt is positioned as a candidate city for dropping, and to know the effectiveness of its weaponsU.S. ForcesThere is a theory that the city was preserved until the end (about the process of city selection)Atomic bomb dropped on JapanSee).It does not mean that Kyoto was not hit by air raids at all.1945 (Showa20 years) From January 1th to June 16th, there were five air raids (6 years).Kyoto air raid).

Population decline due to war damage is six major cities (Tokyo WardFive big cities), The smallest1947 (Showa 22)1950 (Showa 25)CensusThen, it surpassed Nagoya City, and Kyoto City ranked third in Japan after Tokyo's 3 wards and Osaka City.

Chronological Table

Before the Edo period

Meiji Era

After the Meiji Reform
  • 1890 (23th year of Meiji)- Lake Biwa CanalPhase XNUMX construction is completed.
  • 1891 (Meiji 24) November-Became Japan's first hydroelectric power plant using water from Lake Biwa CanalKeage Power StationStarted operation.
  • 1892 (25th year of Meiji) May-Kyoto Industry Association plans to hold a memorial festival for the centenary of the Heian transition.
  • 1895 (28th year of Meiji)
After the Sino-Japanese War
  • 1895 (28th year of Meiji)
    • May 3 -At Okazaki Nishi Tennocho,Heian ShrineWas founded/created as a related project of the Centennial Memorial Festival of the Heian Transition, which was created prior to the Memorial Festival.
    • May 3 - Kyoto CityCapitolCompletion.
    • May 4 -A corner of Okazaki (The corner of the precincts of Heian Shrine,Okazaki Park4th)National Business Exposition(Until July 7st) / As a related project of the coming centenary memorial festival of the Heian Transition.
    • May 10 -Held the Centennial Memorial Festival for the Heian Transition.
    • May 10 -Heian Shrine is the 1st timeEra procession(As the name of the retrofit is the 1stHistorical festival) Was held / held as a related business (residence) of the XNUMXth anniversary memorial festival of the Heian period.
  • 1897 (30th year of Meiji)
After the Russo-Japanese War

Taisho era

  • 1915 (Taisho4 years)- Emperor TaishoThe coronation ceremony is held at the Kyoto Imperial Palace.
  • 1918 (7th year of Taisho)-Shirakawa village, Tanaka village, Shimogamo village, Kuramaguchi village, Noguchi village and part of Kamigamo village, part of Omiya village and Kinugasa village of Katsuno county in Kamigyo, Suzakuno village of Katsura county, Part of Ouchi Village, Shichijo Village and Saiin VillageKii-gunPart of Yanagihara Town and Higashi Kujo Village, part of Kamitoba Village, and part of Fukakusa Village were transferred to Shimogyo Ward. Acquired Kyoto City and Kyoto Electric Railway.

Showa period

Before the Pacific War
  • 1927 (Showa2 years)-Completion of City Hall Main Government Building. Japan's firstCentral wholesale marketBecomeKyoto Central Wholesale MarketOpened. Water supply to Matsugasaki water purification plant started.
  • 1928 (Showa 3)- Emperor ShowaThe coronation ceremony is held at the Kyoto Imperial Palace.
  • 1929 (Showa 4)- Kamigyo WardShimogyo WardIs a ward.Sakyo Ward,Higashiyama Ward,Nakagyo WardApproval. Fushimi-cho, Kii-gun, has implemented the municipal systemFushimiEstablished.
  • 1931 (6)
    • March 3-Keihan Electric RailwayShin-Keihan Line(NowHankyu CorporationKyoto Line)ofOmiyaBy getting in,KinkiFirst subway line opened.
    • May 5-Fushimi City and Fukakusa Town, Kii District, Shimotoba Village, Yokooji Village, Nabasho Village, Horiuchi Village, Mukaijima Village, Takeda Village,Uji DistrictMerged with DaigomuraFushimi WardSettings.KuzunoMerged Saga Town, Hanazono Village, Saiin Village, Tahata Village, Umegahata Village, Umezu Village, Kyogoku Village, Matsuo Village, Katsura Village, and Kawaoka VillageUkyo WardInstallation. Transfers Kami-Toba Village and Kichijoin Village in Kii-gun to Shimogyo Ward. Transferred Yamashina-cho, Uji-gun to Higashiyama-ku.
  • 1932 (Showa 7)-Population exceeds 100 million. The first city in Japan on April 4 of the same yeartrolley bus(Kyoto municipal trolleybus) Is opened.
  • 1934 (Showa 9) June- Muroto TyphoonCame to Kansai. 181 dead, 1021 injured, 2653 partially destroyed houses[14].
  • 1935 (10)
    • June 6-Great flood in Kyoto, bank breakage in major rivers such as Koya River, Kamo River, Tenjin River, Katsura River, drainage of 29 bridges such as Sanjo Ohashi Gojo Bridge, 53 dead, 12 injured, 71 houses completely destroyed -Floor above and below floor 482 units[15].
    • August 8-flood damage again due to heavy rain. Temporary bridge of Kamogawa was washed away, flooded in Tenjin River, a reservoir collapsed in Yamashina, Higashiyama Ward (currently Yamashina Ward). 10 people were killed and 5 houses were completely destroyed.[16].
  • 1936 (Showa 11)-Water supply to Yamashina water purification plant started (closed in 50).
During the Pacific War
After the Pacific War

Heisei period



2008 (20)May 7IsDaisaku KadokawaThe mayor of Kyoto announced at the city's city management strategy meeting that the real deficit ratio in 2011 is estimated to reach 27%.Fiscal rebuilding organizationSuggested a fall to[22].. However, due to the administrative and financial reforms that followed, it has been in the black since fiscal 2010.[23].


Symbol color

Kyoto City official website "Kyoto City Information CenterThe outer color ofpurple.


By convention, the city councilCity councilI call it. this isOsaka,Kobe,Yokohama,NagoyaThe same applies to each city.

City council

The number of lawmakers is 67.

  • Chair (85th generation): Akihide Tanaka (Affiliation: Liberal Democratic Party Kyoto City Assembly,2021 (3nd year of Reiwa)May 5Inauguration)
  • Vice-chairman (91st generation): Takao Yoshida (Affiliation group: Komeito Kyoto City Assembly, inaugurated on May 2021, 3 (Reiwa 5))
Parliamentary structure
Parliamentary nameNumber of membersAffiliated party
Liberal Democratic Party Kyoto City Council22LDP
Japanese Communist Party Kyoto City Council18Japan Communist Party
Komeito Kyoto City Council10Komeito
Democratic and Citizens Forum Kyoto City Council6National Democratic Party-Constitutional Democratic Party
Regional Party Kyoto Party City Council5Regional partyKyoto Party
Japan Restoration Party Kyoto City Council4Japan Restoration Party

*As of June 2020, 2 (6 years of Reiwa).

Kyoto Prefectural Assembly

Kyoto city election
  • Constant number: 34 people
  • Term: May 2019th, 5 (Reiwa 18st year) to May 2023 (5th year of Reiwa) May 5th
ConstituencyNameParliamentary nameRemarks
Kita (3)Yuichi KishimotoLDPKyoto Prefectural Assembly
Yoshiyuki HamadaJapan Communist PartyKyoto Prefectural Assembly
Hirai MasakiPrefectural Club Kyoto Prefectural AssemblyBelonging partyIndependent
Kamigyo Ward (2)Yuji SakoJapanese Communist Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Yukiko MiyashitaLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Sakyo Ward (3)Munehisa IshidaLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Chiharu KitaokaPrefectural Club Kyoto Prefectural AssemblyBelonging partyNational Democratic Party
Atsuhiko MitsunagaJapanese Communist Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Nakagyo Ward (3)Yoshiteru AokiLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Takeshi TanakaPrefectural Club Kyoto Prefectural AssemblyBelonging partyConstitutional Democratic Party
Harada KanJapanese Communist Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Higashiyama Ward (1)Ryuzo AramakiLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Yamashina (3)Hiroshi SugayaLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Hideki KajiwaraPrefectural Club Kyoto Prefectural AssemblyAffiliation is National Democratic Party
Masaki HayashiKomeitoKyoto Prefectural Assembly
Shimogyo Ward (2)Minoru KomakiLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Ikuko NishiwakiJapanese Communist Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
South ward (3)Akita CorporationLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Yoshihiro KojiKomei Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Yoshiko YamauchiJapanese Communist Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Ukyo Ward (5)Ninoyu ShinjiLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Kazude OkamotoPrefectural Club Kyoto Prefectural AssemblyAffiliation is independent
Morooka MitsuKomei Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Keiko ShimadaJapanese Communist Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Shinji KitaharaLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Nishikyo Ward (3)Eitaro KondoLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Narumiya MarikoJapanese Communist Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Kunie HatamotoJapan Restoration PartyKyoto Prefectural Assembly
Fushimi Ward (6)Yamaguchi MasaruKomei Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Kuniko WatanabeLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Kenji MaenamiLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Kohei BabaJapanese Communist Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Yoshitaka UekuraJapan Restoration Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
NishiyamaJapanese Communist Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly

House of Representatives

ConstituencyRepresentative nameParty nameNumber of winsRemarks
Kyoto Prefecture 1st Ward(Kita,Kamigyo Ward,Nakagyo Ward,Shimogyo Ward,South wardIbuki civilizationLDP12Constituency
Keiji KudadaJapan Communist Party9Proportional revival
Kyoto Prefecture 2st Ward(Sakyo Ward,Higashiyama Ward,YamashinaSeiji MaeharaNational Democratic Party9Constituency
Shigemoto MamoruLDP1Proportional revival
Kyoto Prefecture 3st Ward(Fushimi WardSuch)Kenta IzumiConstitutional Democratic Party7Constituency
Yayoi KimuraLDP2Proportional revival
Mori NatsueJapan Restoration Party1Proportional revival
Kyoto Prefecture 4st Ward(Ukyo Ward,Nishikyo WardSuch)Hideyuki TanakaLDP3Constituency

State institutions, etc.

In the cityKyoto State Guest House,Kinki Agricultural Administration BureauThere are administrative agencies such as. After 2022Agency for Cultural AffairsHas been announced to move to Kyoto[24].. mainNational agencyEtc. are as follows[25].

Administrative agency
Ministry nameForeign station nameInstitution name
Cabinet OfficeKyoto State Guest House
Imperial Household AgencyKyoto office
Book partTomb of Momoyama Tomb Office
Moon Ring Mausoleum Office
National Police AgencyImperial Police Headquarters Kyoto escort station
Kinki District Police Department Kyoto Prefecture Information and Communication Department
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsKinkiProvince Administrative Evaluation Bureau Kyoto administrative monitoring administration consultation center
Ministry of JusticeKyoto Legal Affairs Bureau
Osaka Correction DistrictKyoto prison
京都Juvenile discrimination office
京都Probation office
Immigration Control AgencyOsaka Immigration Bureau Kyoto branch office
Prosecutor's officeKyoto District Public Prosecutor's Office
Public Security Intelligence AgencyKinkiPublic Security Research Bureau Kyoto Public Security Research Office
Ministry of FinanceKinki Finance Bureau Kyoto Finance Office
Osaka Customs Kyoto Customs Branch
National Tax AgencyOsakaNational Tax Tribunal Kyoto branch
Ministry of educationAgency for Cultural AffairsRegional Culture Creation Headquarters
Ministry of Health, Labor and WelfareKinki Health and Welfare Bureau Kyoto office
Kyoto Labor Bureau
Ministry of AgricultureKinki Agricultural Administration Bureau
Forestry AgencyKinki Forest Management Bureau of China Kyoto Osaka Forest Management Office
Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismKinki Regional Development BureauKyoto National Road Office
Kyoto Repair Office
Yodogawa River Office Branch Office (2 locations)
Kinki Transport Bureau Kyoto Transport Bureau
Japanese Meteorological AgencyOsaka District Meteorological Observatory 京都Local weather station
Ministry of the EnvironmentKyoto GyoenManagement office
Ministry of DefenseKinki Chubu Defense Bureau Kyoto Defense Office
Self-Defense Forces Kyoto Regional Cooperation Headquarters
Japan Ground Self-Defense ForceKatsura Camp
Judiciary agency name
裁判 所Kyoto District Court
Kyoto Summary Court
Fushimi Summary Court
Ukyo Summary Court
Kyoto Family Court
Independent administrative agencies, etc.
Name of the competent ministryInstitution name
Ministry of Foreign AffairsJapan Foundation Kyoto branch
Ministry of AgricultureForest Research and Maintenance Organization Kansai branch

Foreign relations

Sister city/affiliated city


We have various exchanges and agreements with local governments in Japan.In addition to the following, in the joint declaration proclaiming exchanges among multiple local governments,RyomaWith the Declaration of Intercity Exchange (2014)Saigo KikujiroThere is an exchange declaration (2018) with an old man as an edge[26][27].

Local government namePrefecture namePartnership datePartner name
AizuwakamatsuFukushima flagFukushima2012 (Heisei24 years)May 3Declaration of mutual exchange[28]
Otsu CityShiga prefecture flagShiga2012 (24)May 5Miyako Summit Declaration[29]
NaraNara prefecture flagNara2012 (24)May 5Miyako Summit Declaration[29]
NiigataNiigata Prefecture FlagNiigata2013 (25)May 3Tourism / Cultural Exchange Declaration[30]
MukaiKyoto Prefecture FlagKyoto2014 (26)May 10Declaration of mutual exchange[31]
Uji cityKyoto Prefecture FlagKyoto2015 (27)May 12Cooperation agreement on tourism promotion and safety and security[32]

Alliances between sister cities and partner cities have been formed between local governments, and exchanges are being promoted in various fields.[33][34].

Local government nameCountry/RegionPartnership datePartner name
Paris cityFrench flagFrance Ile de France1958 (33)May 6Declaration of Friendship Agreement
Boston CityUnited States flagThe United States of America Massachusetts1959 (34)May 6Sister City Agreement Declaration
Cologne cityGerman flagThe Federal Republic of Germany North Rhine-Westphalia1963 (38)May 5Sister City Agreement Declaration
Florence cityItalian flagItaly Tuscany1965 (40)May 9Sister City Agreement Declaration
Kiev cityUkrainian flagUkraine country Kiev1971 (46)May 9Sister city declaration
Xi'an CityFlag of the People's Republic of ChinaPeople's Republic of China Shaanxi1974 (49)May 5Friendship city
Guadalajara CityMexican flagMexico Jalisco1980 (55)May 10Sister city agreement
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Member organization

Kansai Regional Association,National Kyoto Conference,ICLEI,World Historical Cities FederationParticipate in collaborative organizations of local governments such as.


Consulate General[37]
Honorary Consulate-General
Honorary Consulate

Foreign government related facilities


Total production per person (nominal)[38]
年度Ten thousand yen

2018 The city's gross domestic product (nominal) in (30) is 6 billion yen, which is about two-thirds the scale of Kyoto Prefecture.Converted to about 6292 billion dollars,MyanmarCorresponds to GDP.Citizen's income is 4 billion yen, or 6694 million yen per person.The largest industry is the manufacturing industry (industry), and the share of total production in the city by economic activity is in the order of manufacturing industry, real estate industry, wholesale / retail industry, health / social business, specialized / science / technology / business support service industry. large[39][40].

Primary industry


traditionalKyoto vegetablesAnd nationally famousUji teaEtc. are produced.

Central market
Main Markets

Secondary industry


Shimadzu-Nintendo-OMRONSuch asPrecision machinery,Medical equipmentProduction is thriving.Highly concentrated district that straddles Minami Ward and Fushimi WardRakunan ShintoAccumulation guidance to such as is planned.

Ceramic industry

OnceKyo ware-Shimizu wareSuch asTraditional craftsProduction was thriving.YamashinaToShimizu ware housing complexThere is.In recent yearsCampus Plaza Kyoto,Kyoto Research ParkIndustry-government-academia collaborationResearch and development atinsulator,Ceramics-Ceramic fiberTo the production ofKansai Electric PowerSuch asPower company,KyoceraThere are active movements to form alliances with fine ceramic companies such as.

Tertiary industry


Although it has been relaxed from before, the opening of large-scale stores is severely restricted in the old city area in order to protect long-established stores and traditional shops in Kyoto.

Major commercial facilities in central Tokyo
Shijo KarasumaからShijo Kawaramachi,SanjoAlong with the accumulation of commercial facilities, it has become a well-established department store.Daimaru Kyoto Store,Fujii Daimaru,Takashimaya Kyoto storeOpened. Of the central city seen nationwideHollowing outIs rarely seen,JR Kyoto Isetan,AEON MALL KYOTO,Kyoto YodobashiDue to the opening of the store, competition with the front of Kyoto station is now active.
Other major commercial facilities

Venture company

Kyoto City is also a student town where many universities are located, and is attracting attention as a “venture business town” where industry-government-academia collaboration is conducted.[41].

Major companies headquartered in Kyoto

Listed companies
Unlisted company


Mass media

Newspaper company

News agency


TV broadcast
Radio broadcast


Life base

life line


Kyoto city areaKansai Electric PowerIt is a business area of ​​(Kanden). In addition, Kyoto City HallPPS OfEnnetIt also uses electricity purchased from[42].

Hydroelectric power plant

There are 6 Kansai Electric Power companies in Kyoto.Hydroelectric power plantThere is. They are,Lake Biwa CanalKeage (4,500 kW), Ebisugawa (300 kW), Sumizome (2,200 kW) power plants, which were once operated directly by Kyoto City,Kyoto lightRakuhoku Power Station (450 kW) on the Kurama River, which was installed by the company and later transferred to Kyoto City.Kiyotaki RiverKiyotaki Power Station (250 kW) and Kannoo Power Station (900 kW)Sino-Japanese warNational power management policyDistribution Control Ordinance(Issued in August 1941)”Kansai distributionIt was invested in kind with the power transmission equipment in Kyoto City (later Kanden), which is also the reason why Kyoto City is a major shareholder who still holds 419 million shares of Kansai Electric Power Company.In addition, there is the Kuroda Power Station (980 kW) in the upper reaches of the Katsura River in the former Keihoku Town, which was installed by Kyoto Electric Light. (The name of the power plant and the power output in parentheses are the current ones.[43]

In addition to KANDEN, Kyoto Arashiyama Hoshokai is 2005ArashiyamaTogetsukyoA small hydropower generator with an output of 5.5KW is installed in the upstream area, and the area around Togetsukyo Bridge is illuminated with LED lighting at night, and surplus electricity is sold to Kansai Electric Power. In FY 2013, three sites were constructed: the Sabo Dam in Shugakuin Otobaya, the drainage channel next to the Keage Incline, and the agricultural water supply in Sagakoshihata.Small hydroelectric power plantConstruction[44] Was planned, but as of April 2020, it has not been installed yet.Instead, a micro hydroelectric generator with a rated output of 4kW and a power generation record of 81,480kWh (first year of Reiwa) is operating at the Ishida Sewage Treatment Plant.[45].

Solar power

In addition to the subsidy of 1 to 3 yen per kW for the installation of solar panels in ordinary households in the country, Kyoto City has independently provided a subsidy of 3 yen per kW. At the time of expansion and renovation of public facilities and public elementary and junior high schools in the city such as water purification plant / sewage treatment plant, youth science center, fish ara recycling center[46] Have installed solar panels. These are also considered as emergency power sources in the event of a large-scale disaster. Furthermore, from FY2013, facilities of 1 MW were installed at the Shin Yamashina Water Treatment Plant and Toba Sewage Treatment Plant, 730 kW at the Matsugasaki Water Treatment Plant, and 1 MW at the Ishida Sewage Treatment Plant.[47].

In addition, we installed a solar power generation panel on the rooftop of a facility in Kyoto with the investment of citizens, and established the “Citizen's Collaborative Power Generation System”, in which the profits earned from selling electricity are distributed to the investors. Conducted at 2012 locations since 9[48].

Outside KyotoNEDO In 1997, a 100 kW photovoltaic power generation panel was installed on the roof of the Shinkansen platform at Kyoto Station on the JR Central Japan Railway Company as a field test project of the Japan Railway Company, August 1998.KyoceraA 214 kW photovoltaic panel was installed on the rooftop and south wall of the new head office, and a 1999 kW photovoltaic panel was installed on the sedimentation pond at the Kyoto Prefectural Otokuni Water Purification Plant in 30.

2012 year 7 month,SoftbankAffiliates andKyoceraBy the cooperation of the affiliated company and the city, the site of the final disposal site of the city in Fushimi WardMega solarWas installed. The output of 9 MW combined with the equipment expansion in September of the same year was the largest in Kyoto prefecture at that time[49][50][51].. In 2015, the construction of a mega solar with an output of 23 MW started in the same Fushimi Ward.[52].

またKeihan Electric Railway TheYodo garageIn April 2016, a distribution warehouse "Yodo Logistics Yard" was constructed on the idle land in Japan, and a solar power generation panel was installed on the roof to generate 4 million kilowatts of electricity annually.[53].

Other power plants

3 locations in Kyoto city Clean center(Garbage incineration plant)Waste power generationApproximately 35,000 kW is being generated and sold by bidding.Also Fushimi Water Environmental Conservation Center Then gasCogenerationThe electricity generated by the facility is used to purify sewage.


Kyoto city areaOsaka GasSupply area[54]Natural gasWe are supplying 13A to Kyoto city,Shimizu ware housing complexIs unique within the supply area of ​​Osaka GasLP gasOperates the supply network of This is because high calorie LP gas is more suitable for burning pottery than natural gas supplied by Osaka Gas.

Water and sewerage

Water supply

Water supply penetration rate (as of the end of 2010)[55]

99.1% of total city population
99.9% of population in water supply area

Lake Biwa CanalThe first rapid filtration type water purification plant "Keage water purification plant" that uses water from Japan was completed in 1912 (Meiji 45). In 2012, 100 years. ・In line with the increase in population and supply area, Yamashina, Kujoyama, Fushimi, Matsugasaki, Shin-Yamashina, and Yamanouchi were installed, but now they are integrated into three water treatment plants: Keage, Matsugasaki, Shin-Yamashina.[56].. In addition, solar power generation using solar panels is being carried out at the three water purification plants of Keage, Matsugasaki, and Shin-Yamashina.In October 3, the Shin-Yamashina water purification plant was expanded to 2013 kW, and in 10, the Matsugasaki water purification plant increased to 1000 kW. It was added.

By the way, 2 million tons of Lake Biwa lake water is obtained annually through Lake Biwa Canal, and in 1947 Kyoto City signed a contract for "Kansai Thanksgiving" with Shiga Prefecture. There is no legal basis for this, and thanks to Shiga prefecture, Shiga Prefecture "uses it for the protection project of the mountain that is the water source such as mountain planting, thinning, and improvement of forest roads." The appreciation of the amount of appreciation is made every 10 years in consultation with Shiga Prefecture and Kyoto City in consideration of price fluctuations. Consumption tax will be 2012% for the contract at the time of 82013 Up to the end of the year, the "suisui thanks" was paid to Shiga prefecture at 2 million yen per year.[57].. Annual amount of 2015 million yen for 10 years from 2[58].

However, the water consumption has decreased due to the improvement of citizens' awareness of water saving and the change of life style, and 37% of the water contract households have the basic tariff of less than 10 tons. In addition, there are many "wells of famous water" such as Fushimi in Kyoto city, and accommodation facilities that use well water instead of tap water.[*9] And commercial facilities[*10]・There are 40 companies such as hospitals, and those companies are connected to a large-diameter water pipe for backup, so there is no profit, but maintenance costs are incurred, resulting in a decrease of 9 million yen.[59].

Of the approximately 2500 km of distribution pipes, 500 km exceeds the legal service life of 40 years, but the annual renewal is 27 km, and without renewal, it is estimated that more than 20% of the distribution pipes will exceed the service life after 7 years. In October 2011, there was a large-scale water interruption accident in Rakusai New Town, and immediate measures are needed.[60].

In addition, in the Ohara district of Sakyo Ward, a water supply using a local river was installed and transferred to Ukyo Ward in April 2005.Former Kyokita TownIn the meantime, there was an original water supply system, but after the transfer to Kyoto City, two water purification plants, Kuroda and Yuge, started operating in November 2011.[61].. On the side of Kyoto University Katsura Campus in Nishikyo Ward, there is the Otokuni Water Purification Plant (intake water from near Arashiyama Hozugawa), which supplies water to Muko, Nagaokakyo and Mt. Ooyama Sakimachi.


Sewer penetration rate (as of the end of 2019)[62]

99.5% of total city population

The sewer network of Kyoto city covers almost the whole area, but 40% of the city centered on the sewer system that was built in the early stage flows rainwater and sewage together at the same time. There are 83 outlets that discharge water, and at this time sewage flows into rivers without being treated, causing offensive odors and environmental pollution in the Horikawa and Nishitakase rivers, etc., and collecting water during heavy rain from the 1980s to the sewage treatment plant. The water storage trunk line to be sent was constructed underground in Horikawa Dori and Gojo Dori.[63].

The sewage collected in this way goes to the east bank of the Katsura River and the north bank of the Uji River.Kyoto City Waterworks BureauThere are three water environment conservation centers (sewage treatment plants) in Toba, Fushimi, and Ishida, and the Toba water conservation center Kichijoin branch.Rakusai Purification Center(Between Fushimi Ward in Kyoto City and Mt. Ooyama Sakimachi)" ・The south bank of the Uji River is processed by the same "Rakunan Purification Center (Yawata City)" and released to the Yodogawa River system. It is processed and released to the upper stream of Katsura River. In addition, the sewage treatment at the Ishida Water Environment Conservation Center of the Kyoto Municipal Waterworks and Sewerage Bureau also handles part of the sewage in the Rokujizo district of Uji City, which passes through the sewer pipes in the Fujio and Daigo Ogurisu districts of Otsu City, Shiga Prefecture, which is located upstream of Yamashina Ward, Kyoto City. Has been done.

In the downstream of the Yodo River, it is used again as purified water in the whole area of ​​Osaka prefecture and the Hanshin district of Hyogo prefecture. BOD Is purified to around 1 mg, which is less than the national standard of 20 mg per liter of water, and except for the Keihoku Purification Center in the former Keihoku Town, advanced treatment to remove nitrogen and phosphorus is performed in addition to normal sewage treatment. At Toba Water Environmental Conservation Center KISSHOIN Branch / Fushimi Water Environmental Conservation CenterYuzen dyeingOzone treatment is introduced to remove the pigments of the dyes emitted from the workplace.

As an energy-saving measure, using methane, which is the digestion gas generated in the past 17 to 25, to run city official cars and city buses, and to use the electricity and heat of waste power generation at garbage treatment plants, etc. Was[64]..At present, the largest sewage treatment plant "Toba Water Environmental Conservation Center" has 1000 kW above the treatment facility.Solar panelsInstalled and introduced solar power generation from FY2013[65]..At the Ishida Water Environment Conservation Center, the amount of sludge was reduced by supplying electricity from the adjacent waste treatment plant to the electricity in the facility and by using residual heat to reduce the amount of sludge, but it was suspended in February 2013 due to the deterioration of the waste treatment plant. Installation of 2kW photovoltaic power generation panel in FY2015[66] And when draining, 9KWMicro hydroIs being done[67]..Gas at Fushimi Water Environmental Conservation CenterCogenerationWe have installed equipment to supply power to the facility by in-house power generation and reduce the amount of sludge drying due to residual heat.

Processing facility

Garbage collection

As of April 2013, there is a charge for collecting garbage in Kyoto City, and for general garbage, you buy a yellow dedicated garbage bag at convenience stores, supermarkets, and retail stores in the city, put it in it, and specify it on the road on the designated garbage collection day. Put it in place. These garbage bags are available in 4 types of 5 liters, 10 liters, 20 liters, 30 liters and 45 liters. In addition, general waste is incinerated at three "clean centers (garbage incineration plants)" in the city, and this heat is used.Waste power generationIs being conducted and electricity is being sold by bidding. The incinerated ash will be landfilled at the final disposal site "Eco Land Otowa no Mori" in Daigo, Fushimi Ward.

For bottles, cans, PET bottles, plastic trays, and plastic packaging materials, it is obligatory to use a transparent special garbage bag for recyclable waste, and each is to be put out once a week at a designated place dedicated to recyclable waste.Bin Kang PET bottles are located in Yokooji, Fushimi-ku.Southern Clean CenterAt the "Kyoto City Yokooji Welfare Factory," a type B office that supports the continuation of employment for people with intellectual disabilities, it is sorted into aluminum cans, steel cans, and PET bottles and paid to recycling companies.Plastic trays and plastic packaging materials are sorted into plastic trays and plastic packaging materials at the "Kyoto City Yokooji Gakuen", a life-care facility for people with intellectual disabilities, and are paid to recycling companies.In addition, there is a commercial waste "Fish Ara Recycling Center" in the Yokooji area, where "used tempura oil" collected from citizens and commercial use is processed into fish meal feed.Biodiesel fuelThere is also a factory that processes the fuel, and the processed fuel is used for some garbage trucks.As for the collection of used paper, the city of Kyoto does not recycle it because there are many private waste paper collection companies, so citizens need to rely on private waste paper collection companies or dispose of it as burnable garbage.[68].. However, a subsidy of up to 10000 yen (when collecting only waste paper. When collecting other items, up to 15000 yen) is voluntarily granted for voluntary collective collection in the area.[69].


Area code

Area codeMost of the area is "075" (KyotoMA). However, it is "0771" (Kameoka MA) in Saga Shirahara and Saga Koshibatake, Ukyo Ward. "0771" in Muroraya-cho, Kyoto (Sonobe MA)[*11].. “077” in Daigo Ichinokiri, Ninogiri and Sannokiri towns in Fushimi Ward (Otsu MA). “072” (Ibaraki MA) in Oharano Idehamachi, Nishikyo-ku. The former Keihoku-cho area except for Keihoku Muroya-cho was changed from "2011" (Kameoka MA) to "12" (Kyoto MA) on December 1, 0771 after being transferred to Kyoto City.


Over 40 schools in KyotoUniversity-Junior collegeIt is also known as a student town where various higher education institutions are concentrated.[70]..Japan's largest inter-university collaborative organization established to deepen mutual ties between universities and strengthen ties with the business community.University Consortium KyotoIt is also characteristic that there is.2003 After (15), in early October every yearKyoto Student FestivalIs being held.

(* primary school,Junior high school,high school,Special school,Vocational school,Various schoolsFor more information, refer to the page of each ward)



Junior college



  • JapanEndocrineSociety-The secretariat is located in Nakagyo Ward.
  • JapanEcologySociety-The secretariat is located in Kita Ward.
  • JapanClinical分子Morphological Society-The secretariat is located in Sakyo Ward.
  • JapanvitaminSociety-The secretariat is located in Sakyo Ward.
  • JapanbloodSociety-The secretariat is located in Sakyo Ward.
  • Human Geographical Society -There is a secretariat in Sakyo Ward.
  • Japan Rhinological Society -There is a secretariat in Kamigyo Ward.
  • Japanese History Study Group -There is a secretariat in Kamigyo Ward.
  • Japan Physiological Society-Located in Kamigyo Ward.
  • Japan細胞Biology Society-The secretariat is located in Kamigyo Ward.
  • Horticultural Society -There is a secretariat in Kamigyo Ward.
  • Japanese Society of Anthropology -There is a secretariat in Kamigyo Ward.
  • Japan Congenital Anomaly Society -There is a secretariat in Fushimi Ward.
  • Japan Society of Health-The secretariat is located in Sakyo Ward.
  • Japan Society for Preeclampsia-The secretariat is located in Sakyo Ward.
  • History Study Group -There is a secretariat in Sakyo Ward.
  • JapanradiationJapanese Society of Radiological Technology-The secretariat is located in Shimogyo Ward.
  • JapanRespiratorSurgery Society-The secretariat is located in Nakagyo Ward.
  • OtolaryngologyClinicalSociety-The secretariat is located in Sakyo Ward.
  • System Control Information Society --The secretariat is located in Sakyo Ward.
  • Japan Society of Materials Science --The secretariat is located in Sakyo Ward.
  • EntropyAcademic Society-The secretariat is located in Shimogyo Ward.


In addition to this, American universities are also active in Kyoto.(English editionIs an organization consisting of 14 American universities and sends about 50 students to Japan every year.[71]. Also,Stanford UniversityHas a Japan Center in Kyoto. As an inter-university research institute corporation with the International Research Center for Japanese StudiesInstitute for Global Environmental StudiesThere is. Also, in September 2015 with Kyoto cityUniversity Consortium KyotoBy the cooperation ofKyoto Student Public Relations DepartmentWas established to promote the attractiveness of student life in Kyoto.[72].


To city center

From the Kinki area, depending on the place of departureJR-Private railwayUse each line properly,Kyoto StationThe surrounding area is JR/Kintetsu,Shijo KawaramachiThe surrounding area is mainly distributed in two places, the Hankyu and Keihan terminals. In addition, it is a medium- to long-distance destination starting and ending in KyotobusMost of the routes use Kyoto Station as their terminal. Tokaido Shinkansen-Sanyo ShinkansenFrom along the line,OsakaInsideKobe CityKinki San compared to Uchi空港Is far from (closestItami AirportAbout 50 minutes from Kyoto station by limousine bus). On the other hand, all trains running west of Nagoya on the Tokaido Shinkansen ("Hope(Including ") will stop at Kyoto Station,Shinkansen aircraftHas an overwhelming advantage over. Also, Kyoto Station is not only in Kyoto Prefecture,OsakaNortheast orShigaSouthern andNaraAlso functions as a gateway for the Shinkansen to the north[73].

Air route


KyotoThere is no airport inside, but onceIATACity code uky In addition to that, check-in facilities outside the airport (city air terminal, CAT) were also installed.[74].

最 寄 り の 空港


Kyoto StationFunctions as a virtual central station. Note that the Keihan and Hankyu lines do not pass through Kyoto Station, but both have terminal functions distributed in multiple cities (Keihan is Demachiyanagi Station, Sanjo Station, Gion Shijo Station, and Hankyu is Kawaramachi Station in Kyoto.・Karasuma Station), there is no existing station that can be called the central station.

In the city area, there are some cases where the station name is different depending on the operating company station even if the station is virtually the same station or a station adjacent to it.

Prepaid CardThe ticket is JR WestICOCAAnd interoperability card (see ICOCA section).Electronic money(PiTaPa function is not available), except for Sagano Kanko Railway, on private railways and subways PiTaPa・ICOCA and mutual use cards are available (Randen has its own "Randen card"). Also, on each JR West line and Kintetsu lineJ through card(CurrentlyAutomatic ticket vending machine(Only available at), for private railways and subway lines except for Eiden/Sagano Kanko RailwaySurutto KANSAIIt supports cards.

Railway operator nameRoute nameStation listAddress
Tokai passenger railway
(JR Tokai
Shinkansen jrc.svg Tokaido Shinkansen- Kyoto Station -Shimogyo Ward
West Japan Railway Company
(JR West Japan
ATokaido Main Line(JR Kyoto Line-Lake Biwa Line- Katsura River Station - Nishioji Station - Kyoto Station - Yamashina Station -South ward,Shimogyo Ward,Yamashina
ESan'in Main Line(Sagano LineKyoto Station - Umekoji Kyoto Nishi Station - Tambaguchi Station - Nijo Station - Enmachi Station -
Hanazono Station - Uzumasa Station - Saga Arashiyama Station - Hozukyo Station -
Shimogyo Ward,Nakagyo Ward,Ukyo Ward,Nishikyo Ward
BKosai LineYamashina Station-Yamashina
DNara LineKyoto Station - Tofukuji Station - Inari Station - JR Fujimori Station - Momoyama Station -Shimogyo Ward,Higashiyama Ward,Fushimi Ward
Hankyu Corporation
HKKyoto Main Line- Rakusaiguchi Station - Katsura station - Nishikyogoku Station - Saiin station - Omiya Station - Karasuma Station - Kyoto Kawaramachi StationNishikyo Ward,Ukyo Ward,Nakagyo Ward,Shimogyo Ward
HKArashiyama LineKatsura Station- Kamikatsura Station - Matsuo Taisha Station - Arashiyama StationNishikyo Ward
Keihan Electric Railway
KHKeihin Main Line- Yodo Station - Nakashojima Station - Fushimi Momoyama Station - Tambabashi Station - Sumizome Station - Fujimori Station - Ryukoku Omae Fukakusa Station -
Fushimi Inari Station - Toba Kaido Station -Tofukuji Station- Shichijo Station - Shimizu Gojo Station - Gion Shijo Station - Sanjo Station
Fushimi Ward,Higashiyama Ward
KHDuck east lineSanjo Station - Jingu Marutamachi Station - Demachiyanagi StationHigashiyama Ward,Sakyo Ward
KHUji LineNakashojima Station- Kangetsubashi Station - Momoyama South Exit Station - Rokujizo Station -Fushimi Ward
OTKyozu LineGoryo Station - Keihan Yamashina Station - Shinnomiya Station -Yamashina
Kinki Nippon Railway
BKyoto LineKyoto Station - Toji Station - Jujo Station - Kamitobaguchi Station -
Takeda Station - Fushimi Station - Kintetsu Tanbashi Station -Momoyama Goryomae Station - Mukaijima Station -
Shimogyo Ward,South ward,Fushimi Ward
Kyoto City Transportation Bureau
(Kyoto Municipal Subway
Kyoto Municipal Subway Karasuma LineKarasuma LineKokusaikaikan Station - Matsugasaki Station - Kitayama Station - Kitaoji Station - Kuramaguchi Station - Imadegawa Station - Marutamachi Station -
Karasuma Oike Station - Shijo Station - Gojo Station - Kyoto Station - Kujo Station - Jujo Station - Kuinabashi Station - Takeda Station
Sakyo Ward,Kita,Kamigyo Ward,Nakagyo Ward,
Shimogyo Ward,South ward,Fushimi Ward
Kyoto Municipal Subway Tozai Line東西 線Uzumasa Tenjingawa Station - Nishioji Miike Station -Nijo Station- Nijojoumae Station -Karasuma Oike Station- Kyoto City Hall Station - Sanjo Keihan Station -
Higashiyama Station - Keage Station - Goryo Station -Yamashina Station- Higashino Station - Tsubutsuji Station - Ono Station - Daigo Station - Ishida Station -
Ukyo Ward,Nakagyo Ward,Higashiyama Ward,
Yamashina,Fushimi Ward
Keifuku Electric Railway
AArashiyama Main LineShijo Omiya Station -Saiin station- Nishioji Sanjo Station - Yamanouchi Station- Randen Tenjingawa Station - Silkworm station - Uzumasa Koryuji Station -
Mt. - Arisugawa Station - Kuramare Shrine Station - Kaouin Station - Randen Saga Station - Arashiyama Station
Nakagyo Ward,Ukyo Ward
BKitano LineNashizinotsuji Station- Station - Tokiwa Station - Narutaki Station - Utano Station -
Omuro Niwaji Station - Myoshinji Station - Ryoanji Station - Tomoin and Ritsumeikan University Kinugasa Campus Mae Station - Kitano-Shiraumecho Station
Ukyo Ward,Kita
Eizan Electric Railway
(Electric wire
 E Eizan Main LineDemachiyanagi Station- Moto-Tanaka Station - Chayama Station - Ichijoji Station -
Shugakuin Station - Takaragaike Station - Miyake Hachiman Station - Yase-Hieiyamaguchi Station
Sakyo Ward
 E Kurama LineTakaragaike Station- Hachimanmae Station - Iwakura Station - Kino Station - Kyoto Seika-Omae Station -
Nigenjaya Station - Ichihara Station - Ninose Station - Kibuneguchi Station - Kurama Station
Sakyo Ward
Sagano Tourist RailwaySagano sightseeing lineTorokko Saga Station - Torokko Arashiyama Station - Torokko Hozukyo Station -Ukyo Ward,Nishikyo Ward

Main stations in each ward

The main stations in the 11 wards that make up Kyoto City are as follows. It is a station that is typically used as the starting point and destination point for various uses.


Transit Bus

Route buses are the main means of transportation within the city. There are also routes where there are many leftovers during the tourist season,Traffic jamAs it becomes worse and the required time becomes unreadable, it is recommended to use a method that minimizes those risks by using transit connections with railway companies.[75].

With the Kyoto Municipal Transportation Bureau (city bus), Keihan Group, Hankyu Bus, West Japan JR Bus, etc., we have been sharing the number of tickets from the past, and items with discounted subway tickets were also sold. Currently, transfer discounts for city buses, Kyoto buses, and subways are offered using IC cards. Unlimited rides on city buses, Kyoto buses (excluding some routes) and all subwaysSubway/bus one-day (two-day) ticketHas been on sale (In addition, there are "bus one-day tickets" for uniform sections of city buses and Kyoto buses, as well as discount tickets with free tickets for each line departing from the city).

The service area is the city bus centered in the old city center, and Keihan Kyoto Kotsu is located in Nishikyo Ward and Nishikyo Ward.KameokaFrom the direction to the old city, Kyoto bus is Ukyo WardSagaDistrict and Sakyo WardIwakura-Kurama-OharaEntering the old city from both sides of the district, Keihan Bus will enter Daigo, Yamashina Ward and Fushimi Ward, and from both sides to the old city.Mt. HieiIn the direction of Hankyu BusRakusai New Town), West Japan JR bus has been to the old city from the old Kyobokucho, but there are some competing sections.

Besides this, Fushimi WardMukaijimaKintetsu Bus that operates the district, Nishikyo Ward (Rakusai New Town) Yasaka Bus,Kyoto Women's UniversityAnd Kyoto Station Hachijo ExitShijo KawaramachiPrincess Line Bus, Keihoku Furusato Bus, which operates mainly in the former Keihoku Town, and Kyoto StationRakunan ShintoThere is the Kyoto Rakunan Express that goes around the inside.

The boarding method is mainly pre-ride and post-payment, and the fare is flat around the old city area (mainly 230 yen).Outside the uniform section, there is a section system with numbered tickets.

# Is a bus that can be used with a common bus ticket for Kyoto city bus
● isTransportation IC card nationwide mutual use serviceAvailable bus
* Buses that accept the Trafica Kyo card

Boundary bus stop for flat fares

  • Keage (Keihan Bus)
  • Jizodani
  • Hanazono Bridge
  • Iwakura Miyake Town
  • Kamitakano (Kyoto Bus)
  • Iwakura yard (city bus)
  • Takaragaike Park North Exit
  • Deep mud pond
  • Misonoguchi Town (city bus)
  • In front of Kamigamo Shrine (Kyoto Bus)
  • Nishigamo Bridge
  • Fortune Prince
  • Daikakuji Temple
  • Kiyotaki
  • Arashiyama
  • Moss Temple
  • Moss temple road
  • Katsura River Elementary School
  • Saikyogoku
  • In front of Saikyogoku Athletic Park (Keihan Kyoto Transportation)
  • Eastern town
  • Katsura Kobashi
  • Nakakyuyo
  • Higuchi
  • Keihanyodo Station
  • Prefectural Yokooji
  • National highway
  • Jonangu East Exit (Keihan Bus)
  • Sansu Daikokucho (Keihan Bus)
  • Nakashojima
  • Tamba Bridge (Kintetsu Bus)
  • Okamiya Mae
  • Kyoto Medical Center (Keihan Bus)
  • Kiyogi Temple Yamanouchi Town (Keihan Bus)
  • Shogun Tsuka Seiryuden (Keihan Bus)

Intercity bus

Express Bus

With Kyoto StationNagoya StationTieMeishin Highway BusAndCapital AreaMany high-speed route buses connecting the Keihanshin district including Kyoto, etc.TourFormalCharter Bus(Tour bus) Is in operation.Most highway bus routes departing from and arriving in Kyoto City have Kyoto Station as their terminal.For more informationExpress bus section of Kyoto stationSee.

またOsaka cityAs the departure and arrival pointMeishin ExpresswayOf the bus routes that go through, the routes that do not arrive or depart from Kyoto Station are in Fushimi Ward.Fukakusa Bus Stop(Kyoto Fukakusa) Is positioned as the gateway to Kyoto.For details, refer to the relevant item.


If you can secure a bicycle parking space,Bicycle,scootersIncludingMotorcycleCan move more flexibly.

In recent years, it has been reviewed from the perspective of preventing global warming.Rental BikeIs increasing rapidly, and the number of accommodation facilities that provide these conveniences to guests is also increasing.Also,VelotaxiIs also the birthplace of Japan.


Other toll roads
Road that used to be paid

National road

Prefectural road

Main local road

(Only cross-border routes listed)

City street

Street name in the city

In old urban areas such as the center of the city, address notation based on street names is generally used.

In the old city area, as if it were a remnant of the city plan at the time of the Heian-kyo construction, it was as if it had a street that connects east, west and northBoardThe streets have unique names.[*12].. In addition, it is customary not to attach the sending kana "ri" of "street" to the street name.

Notation of position based on street name

Mainly in areas that have streets divided in a grid pattern, a method of indicating the position by crossing the street names and pointing north, south, east, or west from that point is generally used, and omitting the town name or street number. It is customary.

First, the name of the street that the site faces is shown, then the name of the street that most recently intersects with the street, and the position of the site viewed from the intersection is shown in north, south, east, and west. When heading north, go up / go up; to the south, go down / go up.[*13], When heading east and west, it is written as east entrance (higashiiru) and west entrance (niisiru), respectively. To give an example, the location of Kyoto City Hall is “488 Teramachi-dori Oikekami (officially “up”) Uehonno-ji-maemachi” in Nakagyo-ku, Kyoto, facing the Teramachi-dori and heading north from Oike-dori. Is indicated by "Teramachi-dori Oikegami-ru", and the street name "Uehonno-ji-maemachi" is shown behind it. In addition, this notation is1889 Most of the places that were in the city area since the enforcement of the municipal system (Meiji 22)[*14] , Is used as a public notation in the Basic Resident Register and real estate registration.

At the intersection and exactly at the midpoint between the intersections, two types of notation are possible depending on which intersection is used as the reference. In principle, the closest intersection is used as a reference, but if there is a large intersection such as a main street, it may be prioritized.

In recent years, in address notation using street names, Internet map sites andcar navigationThere is an increasing number of cases where addresses are indicated only by the street name and street number that do not include the street name because it cannot be searched with.[78].. However, in Kyoto where the town area is small and there are a huge number of town names, it is difficult to intuitively grasp the location by notating only the town name and street address. For example, the area around the “Shijo Kawaramachi” intersection is known as a downtown area, but it is difficult to understand in the town name “Machimachi, Shimogyo-ku”.

Further, there are many sets of the same town name in the same ward, and it is often the case that the location cannot be specified only by the town name. For example, there are 5 "Kameya-cho" in Nakagyo Ward, 2 in Shimogyo Ward, and 4 in Kamigyo Ward. There are 32 such town names in Nakagyo Ward only. These are in one townEnclaveRather, it's a completely different town with no relation. However, the same town name has different postal codes, so if you enter the 7-digit postal code, the mail will be delivered without the street name.

Intersection name notation

The name of the intersection is often a combination of two street names that intersect. There is no dogma about which street to call first, for example, "Shijo Kawaramachi" and "Kawaramachi Shijo" refer to the same point.

On the other hand, there are many intersection names that do not originate from the street name. As an example, the intersection of Shijo Dori and Higashioji Dori is "GionThe intersection of Nishioji-dori and Marutamachi-dori is "En-machi", and the intersection of Imadegawa-dori and Higashi-oji-dori is "One hundred millionIt is called "," but this often uses traditional place names as intersection names when new streets are laid by urban planning.



Local port


Tourist spots are scattered throughout the city, with 2000 to 4 million tourists visiting each year since 5.2018 The number of tourists in 30 was 5,275 million. In addition, the number of foreigners staying in the same year was 450 million, and in recent years, it has been recognized as a travel destination in travel information magazines in the United States and the United States.[81][82].. The number of international conferences held in Japan is second only to Tokyo[83],International Conference Tourist CityIs specified in.

Kyoto tourism supporter system

Tourist ambassadorThe appointment ofKyoto tourism supporter systemIs being carried out by Kyoto City.

world Heritage

Since ancient times Kyoto was the center of Japanese politics and culture, and because it was spared the war disaster of World War II,National treasureAbout 20% ofImportant cultural propertyAbout 14% of these exist in Kyoto.

1994 (6)Uji cityUchi and Shiga PrefectureOtsu City17 cultural properties, including those located withinworld HeritageRegistered in.

"Cultural assets of ancient Kyoto"
Other historical sites

Typical tourist attractions

Shrines and temples


Cultural facility

As a mutual cooperation organization, there is the "Kyoto City Museum Facility Liaison Council", which is organized by about 200 museums in the city.In addition, four relatively large-scale public buildings are collaborating under the name of "Kyoto Museums for".


Festivals and events

Main festivals

Specialty/Special product

Traditional industry

74 items in KyotoTraditional industrySpecified as[84]Of whichTraditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and IndustryAnd 17 items are duplicated.

Cityscape/landscape conservation

After World War II, the landscape of Kyoto City was gradually destroyed by social changes and economic priority policies, and landscape controversies have frequently occurred.

1964 Built in (39)Kyoto TowerCaused the "First Landscape Controversy" in Kyoto. Also, during the economic growth period of the 1s,Scenic area,Bikan districtDespite the measures to protect the landscape that have been continuously implemented since prewar days,1950 Established in (Showa 25)Building Standards LawCaused the traditional construction method to become illegal, and due to many reconstructions during the bubble periodKyomachiyaThe cityscape by was gradually destroyed. This is said to be the "Second Landscape Controversy".

Mountain ranges are also an important element of Kyoto's cityscape. Development in the mountainous areas is largely suppressed, but in the 1990s, high-rise buildings in the city obstructed the view to the mountains.

2004 yearsLandscape lawBy enacting it, it will be possible to add effectiveness and force to the existing landscape regulations,2007 A new landscape policy came into effect. The new landscape policy has tightened regulations on building height, design and color. Even in the central city, the height of the building can be up to 31 meters along the main road and up to 15 meters in other areas where work and living can coexist.

Designated almost all over the cityLandscape districtThen, there are design restrictions for each area, and in severe areas, the shape of the roof is "gable, dormitory, barn," the roofing method is "Japanese tile or copper plate," and the slope of the roof is different. They will be subject to fairly specific regulations such as the ratio being above a certain level and below a certain level. When building a building (including expansion and renovation), you must obtain approval from the mayor as to whether it conforms to these specific standards.

Also, as a view landscape conservation area,Toji,Kiyomizu TempleA view of the precincts fromEntsuji TempleView of the garden from,KamogawaThe view from 38 places, such as the view in capital letters from, is specified, and the surrounding area is designated as a design conservation area, and elevation restrictions and design restrictions are imposed.

As for advertising materials, rooftop advertising materials and flashing lighting are prohibited in the entire city, and the colors and sizes of flashy advertising signs that may disturb the cityscape are restricted by area. The signboards of the chain stores that spread all over Japan are also vividCorporate colorThere are many cases in which a relatively sober color scheme that differs from other areas is adopted[85].. As an example, in the food and drink chainMcDonald's,SukiyaUses red line in other areas, but uses reddish brown in the city. Retail stores in the cityLawsonIn some parts, the display area of ​​the blue background of the signboard is reduced, andENEOSIs for stores that have adopted the red systemLogo typeNot using. In financial institutions,Mitsubishi UFJ Bank,Mizuho BankDoes not use the original background color, but uses a white background with each corporate color character color. However, due to the problem of repair costs, some of the violations remain[86].. The Ordinance for Outdoor Advertising Matters was fully implemented after the transition period ended in September 2014.



Events that are held every year include:Empress Cup National Prefectural Women's Ekiden Race Tournament,National High School Ekiden Race Tournament,Kyoto MarathonRoad racing athletics is relatively popular[87].. Japan's firstEkidenThere is a monument.

In addition, the sports awards such as top athletes and excellent leaders will receive the Kyoto City Sports Awards andKyoto Sports Hall of FameIs being awarded. Many people in the Hall of Fame are involved in baseball and rugby[88].

There are also shrines related to sports,Shiromine Shrine,Shimogamo ShrineAnd Zotasha.

Sports team

NameCompetition itemLeague LeagueHeadquartersOperating company/groupEstablishment
Kyoto Sanga FCサ ッ カ ーJ League-J2 leagueSanga Stadium by KYOCERAKyoto Purple Sanga1922
Nippon Shinyaku Baseball ClubbaseballJABA(Adult baseballKyoto City Yokooji Athletic Park Baseball Field
Wakasa Stadium Kyoto
Nippon Shinyaku1955
Mitsubishi Motors Kyoto Red EvolutionsrugbyTop westKyoto City Takaragaike Park Sports Facilities Ball Stadium
な ど
Mitsubishi Motors京都1957
SG Holdings Group Galaxy Starssoft ballJSLWakasa Stadium Kyoto
な ど
SG Holdings1986
AS.Laranja Kyotoサ ッ カ ーKansai Soccer LeagueSaikyogoku Stadium
Kyoto City Saikyogoku Sports Park Auxiliary Stadium
AS.Laranja Kyoto1987
Shimadzu BreakersrugbyTop westKyoto City Takaragaike Park Sports Facilities Ball Stadium
な ど
Kyoto ACサ ッ カ ーKansai Soccer LeagueKyoto Prefectural Yamashiro Sports Park
な ど
Kyoto AC2005
Mitsubishi Motors Kyoto Diamond PhoenixbaseballJABA(Adult baseballMitsubishi Motors Ground
な ど
Mitsubishi Motors京都2008
Kyoto HannarysbasketballB LeagueHannarys Arena
Shimazu Arena Kyotoな ど
Sports communication KYOTO2009
Kyoto FlorabaseballJWBLWakasa Stadium Kyoto
な ど
Kyoto Flora2010

Origin/related celebrities

List of people from KyotoSee.

Works set in Kyoto city



TV drama



Popular song


  • Railway song First episodeTokaidoHen (Lyrics:Kenki Owada, Composition:Tamei Ju-Makoto Kami)- 1900 In this song announced in May (Meiji 33), out of all 5 songs, Kyoto assigns 66th, which is a little less than 1/8 (8 if Yamashina is included),KamakuraNo. 4,Omi HakkeiNo. 6 is longer. It is said that Kenki, the lyricist, had a great deal of interest, and many famous places are sung.
    • 45. There is no retreat of Yoshio Oishi in Yamashina, the god of the red torii stands in Inariyama of Fushimi (Yoshio OishiFushimi Inari Shrine
    • 46. ​​If you stop the tower of Toji Temple on the left, you will hear the voices of the station lord, Nanjo Station Kyoto Tsuru, who called Kyoto.Kyoto Station
    • 47. This is the city of the city, which has been in existence for more than a thousand years, compared to Hakmu no Mikado.Kyoto Imperial Palace
    • 48. Higashiyama standing in the east Arashiyama in the west He and the water at the foot of it are the Kamogawa Katsura River (geography of Yamakawa)
    • 49. Gion Shimizu Chion-in Yoshida Kuroya Shinjo-do Nagare is also on the clean water Kamo-no-miya you protect (a famous spot in eastern Kyoto)
    • 50. Shijo Bridge in the summer in the summer Ginkakuji Temple in the snow in the winter Saga in the spring cherry blossoms in the autumn leaves Kaohsiung in the autumn
    • 51. The construction of the canal that runs through Lake Biwa is Nanzenji Temple. Rock cutting out and boating.Lake Biwa Canal
    • 52. In addition to shrines and temples Sansui, Kyoto's other products are Nishijin Ori Nishiki Yuzen dyed flower maple (a Kyoto specialty)
    • 53. Folding fan Kyoto Beni In addition, I don't know the herring of the Kamo River.


Light novel anime


[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Yamashinoku and east of Fushimi Ward are Uji-gun, Yamashiro-ku, Oeda-Oharano, Nishikyo-ku and Kuse, Minami-ku, Fushimi-ku are part of Otokun-gun, Yamashiro-kuni, Hirokawara-Kanabe in Sakyo-ku and Kyokuboku, Ukyo-ku are Tanba-kuni. Yodo in Kuwata-gun and Fushimi-ku is Yamashiro-Kunose-gun, and of the Yodo, Mizou is Tsuzuki-gun.
  2. ^ Urban Employment Area Based on 2015 (Heisei 27) Census
  3. ^ There are 27 universities headquartered in the city, and the ratio of university and graduate students to the population is about 10%, both of which are the highest in ordinance-designated cities (2015 Census/School Basic Survey).
  4. ^ The "Sakyo = Luoyang, Ukyo = Changan" theory was first published at the end of Kamakura.Picked upIt is.
  5. ^ Meiji 5May 12For up toAD(New yearThe notation isJapanese Calendar(Old calendar) Is the original conversion.
  6. ^ Old calendarSince November 11st of Meiji is from November 11st to November 1th (the last day of the same month),New year(Gregorian calendar) Is from December 1868, 12 to January 14, 1869. Since it is not possible to specify the day of November in the old calendar, it is not possible to specify at the year level in the new calendar.
  7. ^ If January 2 of the old calendar is the last day of the same month, January 1, it will be March 1, 30 in the new calendar.
  8. ^ Regulatory countryInYamashiroAreas other than (Tamba country) Was the first city area.
  9. ^ Brighton Hotel KyotoAt Hotel Nikko Princess Kyoto, which uses groundwater drawn up from wells in its own hotel grounds, Fushimi's cooking inn "Seiwaso" not only used for cooking, but also used tie-up with Fushimi's brewery to use famous water. We also manufacture original sake.
  10. ^ At the Takashimaya Kyoto store, toilet wash water is pumped from groundwater.
  11. ^ The number division code of the area code of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications is 417, which is the same as in Nantan City and Funai County excluding Yagi Town.
  12. ^ However, if the street is interrupted in the middle of the city or merges with another street (often under a different name), it may not always be a straight line. In addition, only a small part of the streets (diagonal direction) that are not in the east-west or north-south direction (example:Aft), but with different names for some sections of the same street (eg: Yamato-Oji-dori Nawate-dori) in some cases.
  13. ^ Currently, only hiragana sending kana is accepted in official documents, but it is customary to write in katakana as “up/down”, which is still widely used today. In any case, the terms “upward gull”, “lower gull”, “up” and “down” are not described.
  14. ^ 1889 Even in places that were in the city area after the enforcement of the municipal system (Meiji 22), there are some towns that do not have street names, such as "Gioncho north side" and "Honmachi XX chome."


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  14. ^ From Yoshihiro Uemura, "Flood Control in Kyoto and Great Flood of Showa" (Bunrikaku), Chapter 5, "Muroto Typhoon in 9"
  15. ^ From Yoshihiro Uemura, "Flood Control in Kyoto and Great Flood in Showa" (Bunrikaku), Chapter 6, "Great Flood in Kyoto in June, 10"
  16. ^ From Yoshihiro Uemura, "Flood Control in Kyoto and Great Flood in Showa" (Bunri-Kaku), Chapter 6, "Great Flood in Kyoto, June 10st Showa 6", 169, "9 Flood in August 10st Showa 8"
  17. ^ Based on "Kyoto in the War" (Koji Nakanishi, Iwanami Jr. New Book, 2009, p141)
  18. ^ Nakanishi, supra, p143
  19. ^ Nakanishi, supra, p144
  20. ^ Outline of the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake (Hyogoken Nanbu Earthquake)
  21. ^ About commemorative project Official site for the XNUMXth anniversary of the dedication of the Great Government
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  29. ^ a b Mayor Koshi's Smile Diary (May 24)-Miyako Summit Exchange Declaration[Broken link]
  30. ^ Tourism exchange with other cities -Niigata City
  31. ^ Sister and friendship exchange city --Muko City
  32. ^ Public wireless LAN KYOTO Wi-Fi is now available! !! --Uji City
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  34. ^ League of Historical Cities - Kyoto City
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  37. ^ List of foreign diplomatic missions in Japan
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  40. ^ Today's school trip navigation | Learn history and culture | Industry in Kyoto
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  42. ^ Started supplying electricity to Kyoto City Hall (North Government Office/Main Government Office) -Ennet (April 2009, 4, viewed August 1, 2012)
  43. ^ 22 Kyoto Prefectural Statistics Chapter 11
  44. ^ Three small hydro power generation candidates in Kyoto-Kyoto Shimbun (one evening edition on March 3, 2012)
  45. ^ Source: "Kyoto City Water Supply Business / Public Sewerage Business" Environmental Report 2020 "" (Kyoto City Waterworks and Sewerage Bureau Technical Management Office Management Division Reiwa issued in October 2)
  46. ^ Kyoto City Board of Education
  47. ^ Source: From the 2013 pages of the morning edition of the Kyoto Shimbun, June 6, 15. Public information magazine "Kyoto citizen Shinbun" August 23, 2012 issue
  48. ^ About Kyoto City Cooperative Power Generation System
  49. ^ "Softbank mega solar power plant has started operation! Held driving start ceremony in Kyoto and Gunma”. SoftBank Group (June 2012, 7). October 2015th, 7Browse.
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  54. ^ Osaka Gas Supply Area Map
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  76. ^ Mukaijima Line Mukaijima Station-Okawara
  77. ^ The Sky Valley Bridge stop is in Nishikyo Ward.
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