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🐈 | The number of customers in the store opened by "Pet Nutrition Manager" increased from 30 to 600-China


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The number of customers in the store opened by "Pet Nutrition Manager" increased from 30 to 600-China

 
If you write the contents roughly
In the future, I would like to come up with a food formulation in China that is more suitable for modern pets than in Western countries. "
 

During the Mid-Autumn Festival (August 8th of the lunar calendar, September 15st this year), the pet shop "Yolk ... → Continue reading

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Wikipedia related words

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Western

Western(Let's goBritish: the West) IsOriental(The East, Orient, Orient) opposite concept.HistoricallyEurasiaTwo thousands of years at the western and eastern ends ofCultureExists and is modernJapaneseLet's express the two cultural spheres with the concept of the West and the East.[1].. on the other hand,ChugokuThen, when the theme is east-west comparative study of history, instead of the expressions west and east, we express west and east.[1].

Western is used as an abbreviation for Western in Japanese, and by the Meiji era,Western style-Western styleMeans Western style and Western style,Western painting,Western-style architecture,Western style toilet,Japanese and Western Eclectic,Outfit,Western umbrella,Western food,Western musicEtc. have become widely used[2][3].ChineseEven in the spherezh: clothes,zh: onion,zh: Western liquorThere are some idioms that give the Western meaning to the West, but Chinese, which is the Western style of Japanese, is the Western style.WiktionaryChinese version of "zh: wikt: WesternSee.

Western in China

In China in the 17th century, the expressions eastern and western nations existed.[1]..However, the terms East and West are merely the names that divide the sea area into east and west.[1].

According to the research of Kumezo Tsuboi and Komayoshi Takakuwa, the expression of the East and the West is one of the four seas originally thought by the Chinese. It is divided by the meridian[1].

14st centuryMid-Chinese literatureEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euEast to the east,Indochina PeninsulaからIndiaHe described it as Western[4]..Xie Zhang wrote in 1616's "Dong Xi Yang Kao" that "Bornei Immediately Borneo, Oriental 蛡 處, Western-style Jikenya", the Orient ends in Brunei, that is, the West begins. To[1].

The 1602 Italian Jesuit Matteo Ricci's world map, Kunyu Wanguo Zhenzhen, is a translation of all the geographic names of the world into Chinese, but this map describes the Atlantic Ocean on the west coast of India. Yes, there is a description of the Atlantic Ocean on the west sea of ​​Portugal[1].

In modern China, the Orient may mean East Asia, but it mainly refers to Japan.[5].

Western in Japan

Edo Period

Name of sea area

Matteo Ricci's world map "Kunyu Wanguo Zhenzhu" was introduced to Japan in the early 17th century, and many world maps were created in Japan with reference to this "Kunyu Wanguo Zhenkoku".[1]..However, in the world map created in Japan, the east and the west, which indicate the sea area, are missing, and it is said that the idea of ​​naming the sea area of ​​the world map like the east and the west was not born in Japan until the end of the 17th century.[1].

Written around 1698Shibukawa ShunkaiIn the "World Map", the Indian Ocean is described as the Atlantic Ocean, and the coast of Portugal is described as the Atlantic Ocean.[1].

At the end of the Tokugawa shogunate, the English expressions Pacific ocean and Atlantic ocean came into Japan at the end of the Tokugawa shogunate.[1]..Of the East and the West, which were originally words to indicate the sea area, the names Daitoyo and Kotoyo became the Pacific Ocean after the end of the Edo period and disappeared from the top of the world map.[1]..In addition, the Atlantic Ocean was renamed the Indian Ocean, leaving only the Atlantic Ocean.[1].

Cultural concept

On the other hand, in the Edo period, "Orient" was rarely used except for the name of the sea area, while some publications introducing the geography and culture of Europe used "West".[1].

1715 OfArai Shiroishiof"Western historyIs said to be the first book to use the word Western as a substantive concept.[1]. 1801 ToYamamura SaisukeSummarizes "Western miscellaneous notes" and describes the history of Europe, etc.[1]. Also,1808 ToNobufuchi SatoPublished "History of Western Countries", describing the history of Europe[1].

Meiji Era

Since the Meiji era, the concept of East and West has been diverted to the term land area rather than sea area.[1]..This is not just a land name in the geographical sense, but has come to be used as a cultural concept that collectively refers to all human activities such as politics, economy, history, science and technology, culture, and society.[1].

It is also said that the concept of "Orient" was born as a complementary concept of "West" as a cultural substance concept that existed in the Edo period.[1].Meiji RestorationAfter thatDe-Asia / WesternizationFrom a European perspectiveAsia-OrientThe concept of was introduced, the Orient was translated into the Orient, and the whole of Asia was referred to as the antonym of the West (Europe).[6].

In 1894 (Meiji 27), Michiyo Naka advocated the teaching of foreign history in secondary school by dividing it into western history and oriental history. The system that divides into[1].

Occident concept

In Europe and America, in the eastern and western worldsOrientAnd Occident may be used[1]..The Orient and Occident are formed in Europe, and the East and West are formed in Japan. Although they are independent thinking concepts that are not originally related to each other, the West is regarded as a word equivalent to Occident.[1].

However, in Europe, the concepts of East, Orient, and Asia were formed as concepts for "things other than Europe", so the content is inherently diverse and is uniform depending on the country and what the discussion focuses on. No[1].

Edward SaidIn 1978, he wrote the book "Orientalism][1]..By the research of Saeed et al.OrientalismWhen criticized as a derogatory image, Western money worship and profit-oriented thinkingOccidentalismThe interpretation that said was also appeared.However, Saeed's "Orientalism" covers the Islamic world of the Middle East, not China or Japan.[1]..Saeed also denies both the Orient and Occident designations.[7].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Masayuki Sato. “A study on the transformation of Japanese conceptual notation with the introduction of English in the early Meiji era”. Yamanashi Prefectural University. October 2020th, 1Browse.
  2. ^ kotobank "Western"
  3. ^ weblio "Western"
  4. ^ kotobank "Western"
  5. ^ kotobank Britannica International Encyclopedia "Orient"
  6. ^ kotobank World Encyclopedia "Orient"
  7. ^ Edward Said "Orientalism(Bottom) Translated by Noriko Imazawa, Heibonsha <Heibonsha Library>, 1993, p. 306, etc.

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