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👍 | The poster that I encountered in the city of sweets, the habit is too strong "I remember somewhere ..."


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The poster that I encountered in the city of sweets, the habit is too strong "I remember somewhere ..."

 
If you write the contents roughly
, Etc., and positive messages are posted on a daily basis (fixed from Friday to Sunday).
 

In the fashionable city of Jiyugaoka, I found a message with a different atmosphere.The heat and the "muddy smell" echoed ... → Continue reading

 Shirabe

"Making'tell'intelligible" The news site "Sirabee" is a medium that combines survey data with news to convey information in an easy-to-understand manner.


Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Sunday

Sunday(Nichiyobi) orSunday(Hello)SaturdayとMondayIs between週One day.カレンダーThen.redThere are relatively many examples written in.

Name in each language

The Japanese name isSeven daysIs one of(I.e.The date of.

JapaneseOther thanEnglish: Sunday,German: Sunday,Dutch: SundayLike Japanese, these are derived from "Sun's Day". Besides that"SundayMany languages ​​are called by the name derived from.

Languages ​​that use names derived from the sun
Catholic church,Orthodox churchSuch asceremony-DedicationMainly due to calendar term originキ リ ス トIt means the daySundayLanguages ​​using names derived from
キ リ ス ト 教Of Christ inResurrectionLanguages ​​that use the name derived from "Resurrection Date" to commemorate
SabbathLanguages ​​using names derived from
In many European languages, words from the SabbathSaturdayI am devoted to it.
Languages ​​with names derived from "the first day of the week"

Origin/History

The Old Testament

It is said that God completed the creation of heaven and earth in 6 days and took a rest on the 7th daySabbath TheSaturdayAnd the first day of the week is Sunday.

Hellenism

Hellenistic cultureDevelopedMediterranean worldAnd as a day of the week when the sun rules1th century BCIt first appeared in, and has been handed down to the present day without interruption.astrologyAs a result, Saturday became a bad day instead of being considered sinister and avoiding going out.

Nationalization of Christianity-as a worship day-

1st centurySince then, the sun god of India and Persia (Mithra) Is the main deityMithraism Roman EmpireAnd was widely worshiped. Ancient times,Sun godWas widely worshiped on SundaysworshipIt was a day.

キ リ ス ト 教Then,Gospel(Established in the 1st century-Christian chronology(See) Jesus is JewishSabbathThe day after (Saturday)ResurrectionIt is believed that I did it, but later, in commemoration of this, every Sunday(I.e.Worship began to be held at.2st centuryOr later,Roman churchIs every yearPassover(14th lunar calendar)SacramentInstead of doing it, I fasted until the end of Saturday and started to have a sacrament on Sunday.afterwards4st centurySunday in the Roman EmpireDays OffAnd then leave the emperor (Constantine I) Ordered. Although the emperor has certified all religions such as Christianity,state religionI didn't decide.In the 4th century, when the Roman Empire decided that Christianity was the national religion, worship days were set aside to widely repatriate heathens, and it is said that the Christian worship day was Sunday. The influence of the Roman Church increased,PascalProtected the (passover) sacramentAsia MinorThe Church's claims were rejected and it was decided to change to Sunday, which was considered a holiday.[Source required]

Popular as a holiday

Generally in the Christian world this dayDays OffBesides, nowadays, even outside of Christianity, the custom of taking Sunday as a holiday is spreading.

In England1802 The world's first "Factory Law" was established in Japan, and since then20st centuryIn all parts of the worldLabor movementAgainst this background, employers were legislated to give workers one day off per week. In some countries/regions, workers' rights are late to be recognized.PortugalHas legislated six days a week1911 And1918 South AmericaコロンビアNow, farm workers demand long-term work 6 days a weekstrikeI fought, but had been defeated. Postwar in Japan1947 With the Constitution of JapanLabor Standards ActIt was stipulated that one day per week or four days per four weeks should be given. On the other hand, in the rural areas, a "living improvement campaign" was organized, and in order to realize the holidays for women who work as farmers, it was only once that they had set up regular holidays twice a month due to the autonomy of residents. Due to the increase in the number of workers in urban areas through the movement, the custom of working adults on Sundays has become widespread in Japan.

In the early daysMajor league baseballSo, because Sunday is a SabbathtabooWas being seen. HoweverAmerican associationAlso actively held games on Sunday and contributed to the increase in the number of spectators.

Sunday in Japan

In Japan, the Europeanization policy (Civilization) Was introduced in, and spread to rural areas through municipal offices, primary schools, etc. By the way, before the introduction, the government agency had a 5-day holiday (XNUMXthAs a result, the working hours increased by setting Sunday as a holiday.

The law that sets Sunday as a holiday for government offices throughout the country is"Law concerning holidays of institutions placed in the Diet" "Law concerning holidays of courts" "Law concerning holidays of administrative bodies"Therefore, the holidays of the relevant organizations such as administrative agencies and courts are set as Sundays (and Saturdays, holidays, and designated days). However, it also applies to private companiesLabor Standards ActNo specific day of the week regarding holidays is specified. Holiday lawTransfer holidayAlthough the provision of (XNUMX) does not apply to private companies, it is generally recognized that Sunday is a holiday because it is based on the assumption that Sunday is a holiday.

In the government office1876 Until Sunday introductionFifty daysThe public holidays were the day after Satoshi and Saku (Tatsutachi: the first day of the month) (XNUMXth). However, for farmers who accounted for the majority of the population, the day when a regular "city" stands every month as a day off for agricultural work,A lectureThere are no weekly holidays, but rather the school was closed during the agricultural season to help the family business.1945 In the past, depending on the location, there was only one monthly holiday.

Depending on the event or custom that has a fixed date and time, if the day hits Sunday, it may be changed to the next day or the Friday immediately before.

Transfer holiday

Nowadays, it is often a holiday, but there are some schools that do not have a holiday due to the nature of their work, as well as the school where they go to school for the sake of events. In this case, it is the closest to that dayWeekdayTheTransfer holidayOr take a regular holiday. Including the retail business that faces the consumerTertiary industryThe percentage of the population engaged in is increasing, and many business establishments do not close Sundays. In typical workplaces in the manufacturing industry, transfer holidays prescribed by the Public Holidays Act are ignored (Toyota calendarreference).

Apart from this, in Japan1973 More Sunday andpublic holidayIn case of overlapping, transfer holiday will be established.

Traffic situation

Unlike weekdays, there are few train users in the morning and night, and a few train users during the day.[1]. for that reason,last trainThere are routes that will be advanced,Tsurumi Line-Meitetsu Chikko Line-Wada Misaki LineAs in the case of railway lines that are mainly used for commuting to factories, there are some routes where the number of trains decreases significantly from weekdays.

Some fixed-route buses are closed on Sundays (or holidays) on routes that are mainly used for commuting to school (especially in rural areas).

In road traffic, roads may be crowded during the day around tourist destinations and commercial facilities, but it is a closed day for the logistics industry, so it is actually the day with the least traffic.[2][3][4].

Industries to be closed

bank-Government office-post officeMany of them are closed on Sundays. This was stipulated by law, but it has been amended so that it can respond flexibly according to the actual situation, and there are places that work on Sundays.[5].

publiclibrary-Museum-博物馆Most of them are closed on Mondays (closed days), butNational Diet LibrarySunday is a closed day[6].

Most medical institutions are closed on Sundays. Although there are no clear rules or restrictions regarding the setting of holidays, it is said that there is a problem with coordination with other services and staff.[7].

Sunday shock

Private middle schoolThe so-called prestigious schools in theTokyoInMay 2) By taking the entrance examinationConcurrent applicationIs restricted. However, if the day falls on a Sunday, someChristian Private Middle SchoolIn the case, the entrance examination is not conducted and may be set the next day. Therefore, the examinees of that year will be able to take the examinations in a combination of schools that cannot be applied in parallel, which increases the chances of admission. On the other hand, taking a test from a different group of test takers from the average year may change the difficulty level of not only the school concerned but also the school in the whole region, and it may be difficult to predict whether the student will pass or fail. In someSunday shockCalled.

A historical event on Sunday

In history, about the mayhem and slaughter that occurred on Sunday,Bloody Sunday Incident Sometimes called (Bloody Sunday). There are several cases referred to by this name, but the most representative of them are:

Articles whose etymology is "Sunday"

Program with "Sunday"

tv set

News and information programs broadcast only on Sundays
TV drama title

radio

Works on Sunday

Novel

movies

Song

symbol

symbolUnicodeJIS X 0213Character referenceName
㈰U+3230-㈰
㈰
Full-width bracketed day
PARENTHESIZED IDEOGRAPH SUN
㊐U+3290-㊐
㊐
Full day
CIRCLED IDEOGRAPH SUN

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ East Japan RailwayAccording to the data of (JR East), the number of migrants for each time zone is from 7 o'clock to 8 o'clock and from 18:19 to 10:16 The results show that holidays have a slightly higher number of travelers than weekdays. Source:Research and study on movement and consumption around stations (PDF) .
  2. ^ Avoid times when congestion is likely to occur! − Shutoko drivers site
  3. ^ Occurrence of Traffic Congestion by Day of Week and Month in Osaka Prefecture (PDF) -Osaka
  4. ^ Survey of traffic congestion in central Kumamoto city (PDF) -Regional Economic Research Institute
  5. ^ Do you have a holiday for each industry? ~Thursday onwards~ -Oggi.jp
  6. ^ Hours/closed days -National Diet Library
  7. ^ Why are there few hospitals open on Saturdays and Sundays? -Amoeba News

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