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New Year's Holiday
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New Year's Holiday(Nenmatsu Nenshi) has no strict definition, but 1YearsIt is a general term for the period from the end of to the beginning of the following year (the specific period depends on the situation in which it is used).
This item explains the year-end and New Year holidays in Japan as the theme.
Roughly every year including this periodOctoberThe last thingYear-end-End of the yearOrTwilight-Year-end[Annotation 1],OctoberThe first halfNew year-New Year,new Year,Beginning of the yearMay be said.How to spend the year-end and New Year holidays differs depending on the cultural area.
in Japan's case,New YearFor several days before and afterDays Off(Consecutive holidays).災害避難所になっている場合など一部を除いて、学校はExcept in some cases, such as when it is a disaster shelter, the schoolWinter vacation, CountryMunicipalities OfGovernment officeAccording to the laws and regulations described belowMay 12からMay 16 consecutive holidays[Annotation 2],manyCompanyAlso conforms to this.
1873 (Meiji6 years)May 1ProclamationBy the second issue, "Determining your vacation days,"May 1From to January 1 (New year three day),May 6からMay 6Until(Summer exorcism), From December 12thMay 12Until(New Year's Eve) Was a consecutive holiday.このうち、夏越の大祓の連休が実施直前のOf these, the consecutive holidays of Natsukoshi's Otome are just before the implementationMay 6Since it was canceled after that, the remaining six consecutive holidays during the year-end and New Year holidays will take root.
This decree1947 (Showa22 years) has expired, but after that it became a custom,1988 (63)May 12According to Law No. 91, "Act on Holidays of Administrative Organizations," the legal basis has been obtained again, although it is limited to government offices.
Golden week-ObonAlong with, you can go home with your childTraveling(Timely pattern,HawaiiThere are many families who go to warm resorts near Japan, such as), and at the beginning and end of the periodTerminal station,空港Is crowdedhighwaySome sections of the road are congested.
TravelingIn recent years[When?]Young people such as couples and students are the mainstream, and children are in 2001American terrorist attacksLater, especially2004 Since then, it has been on a downward trend.[Annotation 3].
JRSome of the limited express tickets, etc.Special plan ticketWill be a busy season when will be unavailable.ただし、日本に観光However, sightseeing in JapanvisaEnter the country withForeign travelersDedicatedJapan Rail PassAnd some specially planned tickets are available.多くのmanyPublic transportThen.May 12からMay 1In betweenDays OffTreatedDiamondBecome[Annotation 4]..初詣の利便のため、大晦日から元日はFrom New Year's Eve to New Year's Day for the convenience of the first visitOvernight drivingBusinesses that doLast trainCarrying downFirst trainThere are many businesses that carry out[Annotation 5].
In addition, during the year-end and New Year holidays, it may be operated with a special timetable different from the normal timetable.May 12As for, JR operates on weekday schedules unless it overlaps with Saturday and Sunday,Public transport,Private railway(subway-Transit Bus-Tram-New transportation systemEtc.) are divided into weekday and holiday correspondence depending on the business operator[Annotation 6]..なお、JRの首都圏におけるIn the JR metropolitan areaRegular train green ticket(For non-reserved seats) will be the "holiday fee" on December 12th, even if it operates on weekday schedules.on the other hand,Aomori City BusOnly available on Saturdays and holidaysOne day ticketSome businesses do not allow use on weekdays, which are operated on Saturdays and holidays..
However, on New Year's Day, the flow of long-distance passengers as well as cargo will decrease...Depending on this day, construction and adjustments that involve train suspension may be performed.[Annotation 7].
ETC discount systemEven during the year-end and New Year holidays, weekdays and holidays are classified according to the days of the week in the calendar (2008-2009 results).Holiday discounts are not applicable on the 2021rd day of 2022-XNUMX..
Monday-Friday and Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays are dividedCoin parkingIn the case of January 1stNew Year OfTransfer holidayExcept for the year-end and New Year holidays, the classification of Monday-Friday and Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays may be according to the day of the week of the calendar (except when the signboard or sticker in the parking lot has a note on the year-end and New Year holidays).for example,bankIn the case of affiliated coin parking, the parking fee is increased during the daytime (mainly 8: 00-15: 00 and 8:45-15:00) on Monday-Friday according to the business hours of the bank counter. In some cases.For this reason, if you park your car during the year-end and New Year holidays other than January 1st and New Year's Day, which includes 1: 8-00: 15 on Friday, you may be charged a large amount.
Many companies and stores also make this period a holiday (holiday, New Year holidays), but during the year-end and New Year holidays,Christmas,New Year OfNew Year's gift,First saleThere are also companies that focus on such things as the year-end and New Year sales season.
HomecomingU turn rushAt workplaces where the year-end and New Year holidays are the time of entry, such as transportation facilities that are responsible for shopping and holidaymakers, restaurants, hotels, and inns, people take turns taking holidays from before New Year to the beginning of the New Year, and congestion and fees are at their peak. Sometimes I travel around the New Year holidays.
In the mass media industry, television is generally from December 12th to January 25th, morning and noon news programs, variety shows and evening news programs.[Annotation 8]Year-end specials, variety specials, one-year news and dramasre-air・ Broadcast the sports broadcast described later.On the radio, there are many stations that are normally organized on days when there are sports broadcasts, news specials, and New Year's Eve specials, and when other than the programs of specific sponsors.Once (40's <1965 - 1975 > Around (Up to), except for some time zones, was usually organized on TV, and at the end of the year,Heiseiinitial(1990 ) Until around that time, there were many stations that normally organized only in the early morning hours..
News (Chinese)Also during this periodEvening paperIs not issued[Annotation 9],Morning newspaperOnly will be published, but the morning edition will be suspended on January 1nd.Also, the morning edition of January 2stNew Year's Day special issueAs the number of pages is larger than usual.
- Payment(May 12, The day is a holiday (SaturdayOrSunday), Immediately beforeWeekday）
- Large meeting-Financial institutionLast business day (May 12, If the day is a holiday (Saturday or Sunday), the weekday immediately before)
- New year decoration --Pine decoration (Kadomatsu),Sash ornament(Shimeji),Tokonomadecoration,Shrinedecoration·Kagami mochi
- KEIRIN Grand Prix(Held on December 12th every year. This is the last public event of the year to be broadcast nationwide.)
- Japan Record Award(Until 2005May 12Since 2006May 12）
- New Year's Eve(May 12）
- New Year-new Year-New Year
- First sunrise
- Shoto(May 1-2 days-3 daysNew Year's Day XNUMX)
- New year's cardDelivery
- New Year's gift
- Chinese food
- Mochi(Zoni-Kagami mochi-Mochimaki）
- All Japan Business Group Ekiden(New Year Ekiden)
- Emperor's Cup All Japan Soccer Championship·final
- Hakone Ekiden(Outward trip on the 2nd, return trip on the 3rd)
- First sale(Officially 2 days)
- MostShopBusiness will start on the 2nd.
- First job(2 days)
- In a foreign countryFinancial marketStart of trading (2 days local, weekday immediately after the day if the day is a holiday (Saturday or Sunday))
- Beginning of use・ Large meeting (May 1, If the day is a holiday (Saturday or Sunday), the weekday immediately after)
- Japanese government offices, financial institutions, and many companies will start normal operations from this day.
Major TV programs
2021 --As of 2022
- May 12
- New Year's Eve(May 12）
- It's New Year's Eve!ドラえもん1時間スペシャルDoraemon XNUMX hour special(TV Asahi）
- NHK Red and White Singing Battle(On New Year's EveNHKでLive broadcastBe donetv set-Radio program）
- Song of the year-old Japan(Television Tokyo Channel 12, Ltd.）
- New Year's OfCountdownEvents
- CDTV Live! Live!New Year's Eve Premier Live (TBS TV)
- Use of oysters in downtown!New Year's Eve Special(Nippon TV）[Annotation 13]
- New Year(February 1)
- Hatsumode! Bakusho Hit Parade(Fuji Television Network, Inc）
- Shoten New Year Special(NTV)
- Buddy New Year's Day Special(TV Asahi)
- Shimura & Tokoro fighting New Year(1999-2020) → Let's buzz TV(2021 - )(TV Asahi / Asahi Television Broadcasting)
- San taku(Fuji Television Network, Inc)
- Who Is The Real Celebrity Rating Check! This is a true first-class product! New Year's Special(Asahi Broadcasting TV）
- Ultraman DASH !!(NTV)
- Monday to Night Late Show New Year's Day Special(NTV)
- Dream east-west story battle(TBS TV)
- All Japan Business Group Ekiden(New Year Ekiden, TBS TV)
- Emperor's Cup All Japan Soccer Championship・ Final (NHK, 2014)May 12[Annotation 14], 2018May 12[Annotation 15], 2021May 12[Annotation 16]）
- January 1-2
- Hakone Ekiden(Outward trip on the 2nd, return trip on the 3rd, NTV)
- May 1
- National University Rugby Football Championship・ Semifinal (NHK General TV)
- New Year! Comedy Master Yard(TV Tokyo)
- New Year big sale! pacific saury no Manma(Kansai TV）
- Dream Confrontation! The Sports King of Tunnels is me! Special(TV Asahi)
- May 1
- First laugh East and West(1994-2016) → New Year live broadcast! East-West laughter hall(2017 - )(NHK synthesis)
- American Football Japan Championship Rice Bowl(NHK BS1)
- VS Arashi New Year Special( - 2020) → VS Damashii New Year Special(2021 - )(Fuji Television Network, Inc)
- ^ The word "years"Edo PeriodIt is difficult for the common people to go over the years, and if this is not over, it is likened to the fast-flowing "se" of the river waiting for death.
- ^ May 12as well as the May 1 SaturdayIf you hit, from December 12thMay 1Until,SundayIf it hitsMay 12It will be 1 consecutive holidays from to January 4th.
- ^ Narita International Airport CorporationAccording to, from December 2006, 12 to January 22, 2007Narita International AirportThe forecast for the number of immigrants using the system is reported to be a record high of about 138 million..
- ^ Until the 2000s, on JR linesShikoku Passenger Railway(JR Shikoku) andWest Japan Railway Company(JR West Japan)Yonago branchFor routes within the jurisdiction, weekdays and holiday schedules were classified according to the days of the week and holidays on the calendar.That is,May 1(andTransfer holidayBecomeMay 1) Except for Monday-Friday, it was operated on weekday schedule.
- ^ From 2020 to 2021New coronavirus infectionDue to the spread of the infection, almost all railway companies did not operate overnight, move down the last train, or move up the first train..
- ^ Shinki BusIn the case of general routes, December 12-29 will be a holiday schedule, and New Year 31 will be a special schedule.In addition, some routes will be suspended.
- ^ 2006 January 1 nightand2007 January 1st at nightHakata StationExample of large-scale construction inAnd2016 March 1Hokkaido ShinkansenTo confirm equipment switchingSeikan TunnelExample of suspension of all passenger and freight trains passing throughetc.
- ^ 10 to 15 minutes for night newsstraightBroadcast as news.
- ^ Hokkaido ShimbunMay also publish an evening edition on December 12th.
- ^ Broadcast on December 2021, 12.
- ^ Broadcast on December 2020, 12 and December 29, 2021.
- ^ In 2018,60th Shining! Japan Record AwardBecause the end time of "" was expanded to 23:12, it was broadcast before dawn on December 31st.
- ^ In 2021, it will be suspended, and as an alternative program, "I want to laugh and pass the year !! New Year's Eve laughingWill be broadcast.
- ^ This is due to the relationship with the AFC Asian Cup held in Australia in January of the following year.Instead, the girls' "Empress cupWas held on January 1st.
- ^ As in 2014, the AFC Asian Cup will be held in the UAE in January of the following year.Instead, the girls' "Empress cupWas held on January 1st.なお、当初はInitially,May 12(Monday-Transfer holiday), ButKashima AntlersHas been changed to December 2018th, as it has been decided to participate in the FIFA Club World Cup UAE 12 (UAE, December 12-22).98th Tournament Overview --Japan Football Association.Therefore, the TV broadcast was also broadcast on BS1 instead of the usual general TV.
- ^ In 2021,2022 FIFA World CupMeasures to reduce the burden on athletes by changing the schedule of the Asian qualifying round due to the spread of the new coronavirus infection.
- ^ "Overseas travel record high, Narita year-end and New Year holidays 138 million people". Nikkan Sotsupo Shimbun.As of August 2007, 1オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.2006/12/30Browse.
- ^ "JR Timetable" (edited and published Kotsu Shimbun) In the December 2007 issue, there is no note of "December 12-January 12 will be operated at holiday time" for the route of the relevant district.
- ^ About the cancellation of New Year's Eve operation --Tokyo Metro, released on December 2020, 12
- ^ About the use of bus cards, etc. --Aomori City Transportation Department (Last updated April 2015, 4) ・ "Question 15" has a description about the use of trays and the year-end and New Year holidays.
- ^ "(PDF)". Japan Freight Railway(JR Freight) (December 2016, 12). As of January 13, 2017オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2016/12/30Browse.
- ^ "(PDF)”. East Japan Railway Company Sendai Branch (January 2021, 1). As of January 6, 2021オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2021/1/23Browse.
- ^ "JR Timetable" (edited and published Kotsu Shimbun) January 2006 issue JR News page 1
- ^ "Railway Pictorial" (edited and published by Denkisha Kenkyukai), February 2007 issue, p. 2 "January Notepad"
- ^ "JR Timetable" (edited and published by Kotsu Shimbunsha) January 2016 issue JR News page 1
- ^ "Railway Journal" (edited and published by Railway Journal), March 2016, p. 3
- ^ Holiday discounts do not apply from January 2022st to January 1rd, 1
- ^ 出典:昭和45年12月21日から46年1月10日及び昭和48年12月から49年1月の東奥日報テレビ欄（弘前市立図書館（前者）・五所川原市立図書館（後者）で閲覧)から
- ^ January 64-1, 1 and December 3-12, 28, Hochi newspaper metropolitan area version TV section.
- 年度 - fiscal year,Dedicated to pre-school and extra curricularHow to divide one year specified for a specific purpose such as.In Japan, April 1st is the "beginning of the year" and "end of the year" is March, which is often the 4st of the same month.
- Golden week
- New Year's Eve
- New Year's Eve
- New Year
- New year three day
- New Year
- Kagami mochi
- Mirror opening