Photo Source: Living Fukuoka / Kitakyushu Web
[Fujisaki] Everything in the store is antique!Biowarun, a restaurant that is only fashionable
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Please serve dishes that are not bound by stereotypes, with the free ideas of the owner Kobayashi.
Good morning everyone. In December, the cold weather has suddenly changed.If you put out a kotatsu, a dog and a cat will be inside ... → Continue reading
Living Fukuoka / Kitakyushu Web
Fukuoka metropolitan area (Tenjin, Hakata, Yakuin, Nishijin, Itoshima, etc.), Kitakyushu and other local / outing information sites in Fukuoka Prefecture
Wikipedia related words
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In the third edition of "Kojien", the idea of constantly governing behavior is,強迫 観 念Not as morbid as.. 1988年の『大辞林』では、他人の意見や、周囲の状況に応じて変化しない、行動を決めているような観念In "Daijirin" in XNUMX, the idea of deciding actions that does not change according to the opinions of others and the surrounding situation.
SomethingBeliefWhen there is, it is customarily described as "obsessed with stereotypes."For example, the idea that "birds fly" is a belief that many people have, but it is not a stereotype.An example where even a bird does not fly, for examplePenguin,OstrichWhen shown, people generally get out of their beliefs and think that "some birds do not fly."Even if I explain it by giving examples of penguins and ostriches, it is a stereotype if I can not change the idea that "birds fly" or my own assertion by stating various theories.
Stereotypes are formed from human experience and acquired knowledge, which form the basis of thinking but limit free thinking...まだ考えるための時間の余裕はあるのに、固定観念の枠にはまってしまうと、固定観念の枠の中で堂々巡りし行き詰まり状態になることがあるIf you still have time to think about it, but get stuck in the stereotyped frame, you may end up in a deadlock by going around in the stereotyped frame...偏った情報が蓄積されることで固定観念が形成されることもあるBiased information may be accumulated to form stereotypes..
The preconceived concept is a concept or way of thinking that is widespread in society. 「既成概念や固定観念にとらわれない」のように続けて用いられることもあるIt may be used continuously, such as "I am not bound by preconceived ideas or stereotypes.".
What is easily confused with stereotypes,StereotypeI have an idea.Stereotypes originally meant the way of thinking and categorization that were pushed in the format, and represent the state in which many people share the same thing.Characterized by being simple, shallow and lacking in individualityTabloid thinkingIt can be said that it is a kind of.Stereotypes are accepted by many because they do things and do not require complicated thinking efforts or reflections.trendThis is because it can be easily accepted by riding on such means.For many people, scrutiny and reflection are burdensome, making it difficult to rethink the stereotypes once accepted, and it is easy to become stereotyped.
Beliefs that people lack empirical grounds about unknown or unfamiliar thingsPrejudiceOften have.Since preconceptions are difficult to change once they have them, they take on the aspect of stereotypes, but this is also strictly a different concept.
Breaking away from stereotypes
Thinking with others and divergent thinking are used to get rid of the stereotypes and think freely...そうした方法としてAs such a methodbrainstormingIs used a lot, and you can get rid of stereotypes by gaining awareness of perspectives that you did not have and perspectives that you did not notice..
Even when brainstorming, you need a coordinator to adjust the bias in the number of statements to prevent someone from becoming dominant, otherwise there is a risk that stereotypes will spread to all participants. is there..集団であれ一人であれ固定観念に縛られるものであり、扇風機の改良について意見を集めてから、羽の改良に意見が多かった場合、これが固定観念であり、次回は別の部分の意見を求めるといった方法で、強制的に盲点について考えることができるWhether you are a group or a single person, you are bound by stereotypes, and if there are many opinions about improving the wings after gathering opinions on improving the fan, this is the stereotype, and next time we will ask for another part of the opinion. You can forcibly think about blind spots in such a way as.
Common sense that "this substance is acidic" may not lead to the development of new compounds..
In 2014, the Japanese government and the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology decided to promote IT in education, but teachers may have a stereotype that paper and pencils are important...日本では、意思疎通のために英語を使わず、多くの教育者が「英語教育は読んで訳すものだ」という固定観念に縛られており、意思疎通できない英語を教えていると批判され、学習者が英語を楽しく学ぶことができないとも言われるIn Japan, many educators do not use English for communication, and are bound by the stereotype that "English education is read and translated", and are criticized for teaching English that cannot be communicated. It is also said that people cannot enjoy learning English..教育を「教える」「教わる」の固定観念で考えず、「学ぶ」という主体性のある行動から考え直すこともできるInstead of thinking about education with the stereotypes of "teaching" and "teaching," it is possible to rethink from the independent behavior of "learning."..教師が教えているふりをし、生徒が学ぶふりをしているだけでは形式的であり、相互の演技となってしまうJust pretending to be taught by a teacher and pretending to be learned by a student is formal and mutually acting..
pluralcultureIn, when they are different from each other, they are self-evidently valid in a particular culture.IdeaA person or idea may appear to a person belonging to another culture as a stereotype that is unique to a particular culture.また、実際に、別の文化を持つ社会に赴き、その社会のなかでは当然とされている考え方やAlso, in fact, I went to a society with a different culture, and the way of thinking that is taken for granted in that societyValuesFor grasping things and thingsDisproofEven if you make an objection by presenting, the other party's way of thinking and values may not change easily.
Such "fixed ideas from a cultural relative perspective" are not widely distributed worldwide, and in times and regions where various knowledge, cultural and social diversity were not known. It was established.However, it is not appropriate in the situation where knowledge and information about other cultures and societies have become widely known throughout the earth in the 21st century.Of course, if you are ignorant of a society or culture that is different from your own culture and do not make an effort to know, this is still the case.PrejudiceThere are situations in which we continue to have stereotypes based on.
In the middle or even the second half of the 20th century, he explained Japan in social studies and history textbooks and made a chonmage.samurai,TradesmanIt is as if it is modern JapanCustomsThere is an example of a country that introduced it as if it were, but in the 21st century, such a thinganachronismCulturalMisunderstandingOr, the stereotypes have disappeared.
Beliefs in past societies
But,Modern peopleIs an example of how easy it is to misunderstandPastBelieved in various societies oftruthWhat has been said is sometimes regarded as a stereotype from the viewpoint of modern knowledge level and viewpoint.
For example, many ancientcultureIn, people have believed that the earth is a plane.The idea that the earth is spherical does not exist, but in everyday sense, it is natural to think of the earth as a plane, and it has been thought that way.By the level of modern knowledge, ancient people were sticking to "wrong ideas."仮に、大地はTemporarily, the earthSphereThe idea that the earth is a plane was an ancient stereotype, because many would not have easily changed their minds even if those who claimed to be preaching to people in ancient times. appear.
However, calling this a stereotype is a mistake in the original sense of the stereotype.Even for modern people, the fact that the earth is a sphere is a knowledge from childhood,bookDescription andTVotherMediaIn a sense, we have such a "fixed idea" based on the information provided in the environment and the knowledge provided in the environment. The "consensus" about the world is also a stereotype.
Political and religious stereotypes
Information and knowledgeCountryEtc. intentionally control and control,PeopleThere are still cases that give false knowledge to the people, and the people of such countries have no other information to compare and examine.政府There is an example of keeping the grasp of things intentionally imposed by the company as a stereotype.In addition to government control,culture,Religious,HistorySo if many want to believe in something,DisproofThere are cases where stereotypes are constructed that do not easily change the way of thinking even if they are shown.
Controlling knowledge and how to grasp things is a political purposeCulturalFrom a background, intentionally or intentionally無意識TypicallychildhoodIt has been carried out since around the time, and it may be carried out continuously throughout the long growth process.このような場合、或るものごとの見方やIn such a case, the way of looking at somethingValuesBut that person'sPersonalityIt is inseparably intertwined with social existence, and even if you touch information that points out mistakes in recognition, your thoughts and values do not change easily, and it is a stereotype. be.
Thought education is carried out in every country, and Western European countries are no exception, but the meaning is different if information and knowledge are not controlled by the state.またAlsoThe United States of AmericaEven in "America is the most in the world自由"A country is a country" is a cultural ideological education and has become a stereotype.
ReligiousOfbeliefMay also contain stereotypes.Abraham religion(Judaism,Islam,キ リ ス ト 教Etc.)DoctrineAlso,Hinduism,BuddhismAlso, againShintoHowever, some of these elements may be included.ただし宗教の目的は、科学の目的とは異なるものであり、人間のHowever, the purpose of religion is different from that of science, and the purpose of human beings幸福In a system aimed at, stereotypes are not always bad.In other words, it often has a good effect.例えば、実際に人生で理不尽な目に会い、様々なことに確信が持てなくなり、不安感にさいなまれている人にとっては、何らかの安定した観念を持つことが精神衛生上、あるいはその日を生きてゆく上で、極めて大切な役割を果たすことがある、ということは十分に考慮する必要があるFor example, for a person who actually encounters unreasonable eyes in life, becomes uncertain about various things, and suffers from anxiety, having some kind of stable idea leads to mental hygiene or living the day. It should be fully considered that it can play a very important role in the above.[Who?].
- ^ a b c Yasushi Miyoshi "What the stereotypes mean"Ethnic Hygiene, Vol. 60, No. 6, 1994, pp. 295-296," two:10.3861 / jshhe.60.295.
- ^ a b c d e f Rei Hasebe, Kazushi Nishimoto "A divergent thinking technique that discovers and utilizes the blind spots of thinkers"Research Report Groupware and Network Services," Vol. 2015, No. 8, March 2015, 3, pp. 5-1.
- ^ Atsushi Yoshinaga, Tadahiro Kurozu, Ehime Kim "System construction for sharing longevity culture among multiple actors using ICT"Yamaguchi Prefectural University Academic Information," Vol. 9, March 2016, 3, pp. 31-57.
- ^ "Seeking a new world of material processing that is not bound by preconceived ideas and stereotypes"Journal of the Society of Precision Engineering" Vol. 81, No. 11, 2015, pp. 1013-1014, two:10.2493 / jjspe.81.1013.
- ^ Fumitaka Zamura "A step away from stereotypes"Network Polymer" Vol. 25, No. 1, Synthetic Resin Industry Association, 2004, pp. 56-56, two:10.11364 / networkpolymer 1996.25.56, ISSN 2186-537X, NOT 130003389731.
- ^ Yoshinori Nakamura "Direction of ICT utilization in junior high school mathematics guidance from the viewpoint of the course of study and its explanation and textbooks"Bulletin of the Center for Educational Practice, Faculty of Education, Iwate University," No. 15, Center for Educational Practice, Faculty of Education, Iwate University, March 2016, pp. 3-69, two:10.15113/00014110, ISSN 1347-2216 , NOT 120005956012.
- ^ Ichi Uematsu "Learning English as a manifestation of freedom"21st Century Education Forum" No. 1, Hirosaki University 21st Century Education Center, March 2006, pp. 3-17, NOT 110004652960.
- ^ a b Hidekazu Sasaki "Theoretical consideration of "teaching-learning" relationship: From "teaching-learning" relationship to "living-learning" relationship"Bulletin of the Center for Educational Practice, Faculty of Education, Utsunomiya University," No. 28, Utsunomiya University, April 2005, pp. 4-341, ISSN 13452495, NOT 110004633135.