Italian Mafia, Google Street View
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Gamino escaped from a Roman prison in 2002 and was sentenced to life imprisonment for murder a year later.
The Italian mafia was found and arrested in Google Street View.Former wanted for murder ... → Continue reading
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Lifetime sentenceCustodial sentenceAs a general rule, it is a sentence of life imprisonment unless it is released on parole...This does not mean an absolute irregular sentence that does not set a sentence or cap, but means that there is no end to the sentence, that is, the sentence lasts a lifetime...In a sense, life imprisonment is basically imprisoned until death, unlike the death penalty, which ends life in an instant.Heavier punishment than the death penaltyCan also be said.
However, the terminology of life imprisonment is ambiguous, and life imprisonment and life imprisonment are conceptually the same as the arrangement of life imprisonment for those with parole and life imprisonment for those without parole. There is an arrangement that there are various combinations of these and the parole system...In the international context, life imprisonment and life imprisonment are conceptually the same, and it is less likely to cause confusion if there are various combinations of these and the parole system...For example, in English, the word "Life imprisonment" is used., Because life imprisonment in English and lebenslange Freiheistsstrafe in German include both with and without parole... Life imprisonment is translated as "Life imprisonment"Indefinite imprisonment," "indefinite detention," "indefinite imprisonment," etc..
Life imprisonment includes absolute life imprisonment without parole and relative life imprisonment with parole..
Looking at the criminal code and parole code in each country, the "minimum period for parole eligibility" is often longer than in Japan, but in a relatively large number of countries, all indefinite prisoners can be released on parole. Sex is recognized, For exampleKorean Penal CodeArticle 72 paragraph 1In 10,German criminal lawArticle 57a, Austrian Penal Code Article 46, Paragraph 515 years, Article 132-23 of the French Criminal CodeIs 18, Romanian Penal Code Article 55, Paragraph 120 years, Article 78, Paragraph 3 of the Polish Penal Code, Russian Criminal Code Article 79, Paragraph 5, Canada Penal Code Article 745, Paragraph 1, Taiwan Penal Code Article 7725 years, Article 176 of the Italian Penal CodeRecognize the possibility of parole after 26 years.On the other hand, life imprisonment without parole actually exists in China, the United States, the Netherlands, etc...The Ministry of Justice has often explained the situation in these foreign countries in the Diet's response and comparative law materials, saying, "Looking at other countries, only a relatively small number of countries have adopted life imprisonment without parole." But, This fact is still not well known.
Even in countries that have adopted absolute life imprisonment, there is often room for commutation and amnesty.. AlsoConvention on the Rights of the ChildTherefore, if you are under the age of 18 at the time of the crime, absolute life imprisonment is prohibited in principle..
In addition, even if you are not sentenced to life imprisonment, you will be sentenced to life imprisonment even if you are sentenced to the number of years you cannot live and go out at a level that can be said to be absolute by the end of imprisonment.
Life imprisonment in the West
- IllinoisThen, in January 2011, the death penalty abolition bill was passed by the parliament, and the absolute life sentence became the maximum sentence..
- TexasIn 2005, an absolute life sentence was introduced while retaining the death penalty..
Life imprisonment was the highest in Britain due to the abolition of the death penalty for murder in 1965..
There are two types of life imprisonment in the United Kingdom: Mandatory Life Sentence, which is required for a specific crime (murder), and Discretionary Life Sentence, which is sentenced at the discretion of the court...Although there is an indirect effect that it is difficult to carry out parole operation as in the past, it can be said that it is theoretically insufficient to base the further effect on raising the fixed-term sentence.
In the UK, if life imprisonment is not given a Whole Life Order, a minimum term of imprisonment (Tariff) will be set...After the minimum period of imprisonment, the Parole Board will decide on parole..
Life imprisonment debate in Japan
There is no possibility of rehabilitation in the death penalty, but there is an opinion that life imprisonment without rehabilitation should be introduced because life imprisonment under the current criminal law has rehabilitation.There is also an argument that the death penalty should be abolished and then introduced.As a trend related to this, in 2003, the "Federation of Parliamentarians Promoting the Abolition of the Death Penalty" introduced a heavy indefinite imprisonment and a heavy indefinite imprisonment without parole, suspended the execution of the death penalty for a certain period of time, and both Houses of Representatives. The purpose is to establish a death penalty system investigation committee inBill on establishment of heavy life imprisonment and establishment of death penalty system investigation committeeWas announced, and preparations were made for submission to the Diet, but submission was abandoned.
However, in April 2008, the parliamentary group once again said,Unanimous Bill for Creation of Heavy Life Imprisonment and Death PenaltyWas announced, and in May of the same year, the parliamentary group and those aiming to establish a heavy indefinite sentence from the standpoint of surviving the death penalty jointly launched the bipartisan parliamentary federation "Sentence System Thinking Group" and its establishment. However, the majority of parliamentarians did not agree.
Advantages and disadvantages
Regarding life imprisonment without parole, while those who emphasize the above-mentioned effects have expressed their support, some abolitionists have expressed the opinion that humanitarian problems are as great as the death penalty. In addition, some of the death penalty retentionists said, "The sentence that connects a person to a prison for the rest of his life is a more cruel sentence than the death penalty."Opinions that question the reality of prisons in terms of maintaining order and detention costsHas been stated.
According to Article 28 of the Penal Code, even those who have been sentenced to life imprisonment can be sentenced to life imprisonment for 10 years or more and can be granted parole "when there is a state of repentance". Is confirmedPenal institutionThe total number of people detained in 1842.
However, this only stipulates the "potential" of parole and is not systematically guaranteed on the premise of future parole.Also, "when there is a state of repentance" does not mean merely a state of expressing a remorse.Ministry of JusticeThe decree "Rules for social treatment of offenders and juvenile delinquentsIt is supposed to refer to a state that meets the criteria of Article 28..
However, regarding such a parole system for life imprisonment inmates, misunderstandings that differ from the actual situation have been disseminated, centering on the operational status, and it is a fact that they have influenced the debate in no small measure.
- Critical opinion
従前においては、十数年で仮釈放を許可された例が少なからず（特に1980年代までは相当数）存在したが、1990年代に入ったころから次第に運用状況に変化が見られた。2003年以降では現在までのところ仮釈放を許可された者は、全員が20年を超える期間刑事施設に在所していた。それに伴い仮釈放を許可された者における在所期間の平均も、1980年代までは15年-18年であったところ、1990年代から20年、23年と次第に伸長していき、2004年以降では25年を超えるものとなっており、2004年が25年10月、2005年が27年2月、2006年が25年1月、2007年が31年10月、2008年が28年7月、2009年が30年2月、2010年が35年3月、2011年が35年2月、2012年が31年8月、2013年が31年2月、2014年が31年4月となっている..Furthermore, in the past, as of 1985, seven people had been in penal institutions for more than 30 years.As of December 2014, 12, 31 people have been in the penal institution for more than 30 years, and 182 people have died in the penal institution from 2005 to 2014 (so-called prison deaths). be.
However, because such changes have not been made public until recently, "even those who have been sentenced to life imprisonment will be released on parole after serving 10 years, 10 years, or 20 years in prison. The misconception that "it is normal" became widespread in the 1990s and 2000s, and it was sensationally taken up as one of the grounds for the introduction of life imprisonment (heavy life imprisonment) without parole..
- Other opinions
On the other hand, in recent years, there have been opinions that overemphasize the difficulty of parole in life imprisonment, especially those who oppose the introduction of life imprisonment without parole.For example, "Despite the existence of hundreds of indefinite prisoners, the number of parolees released in recent years is several per year, so the parole rate is in the 0% range, and parole is hopeless for most prisoners. "There is" "The 2005 revision of the Penal Code raised the upper limit of fixed-term sentences from 20 to 30 years, so life imprisonment inmates are required to be sentenced to 30 years or more even if they are released on parole."
Indeed, as of the end of 2013, there were 1842 life imprisonment inmates in the penal institution, and there were 6 parolees in the same year, so using these figures, the parole rate in the 0% range is not true. There is, It has been pointed out that there is a problem in using these numbers.In other words, as the number of life imprisonment sentences has increased in recent years, about 40% of them are those who have not passed 10 years when they can be released on parole, and those who have not passed 20 years when they are less likely to be subject to parole. It is pointed out that there is a problem in the calculation method to add these persons because it accounts for about 75% of the total.Also, even if a prisoner is not released on parole that year, there is still the possibility that he will be released on parole continuously as long as the prisoner survives, so it is not a property that can be calculated by a simple calculation method. It should be noted that there is no such thing.
A country without life imprisonment
- In Spain, the death penalty was abolished in 1978, but there was no life imprisonment, and the maximum sentence was 40 years...However, in 2015, a system was established to extend the 40-year sentence of imprisonment at the court's discretion..
- ^ Ministry of Justice> Ministry of Justice Overview> Explanation of Each Organization> Internal Department> Protection Bureau> "Study Group on Parole of Indefinite Imprisonment> Report of" Study Group on Parole of Indefinite Imprisonment ""
- ^ Daijisen "life sentence'
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o 59th Human Rights Defender Symposium 3rd Subcommittee Considering the Abolition of the Death Penalty and Reform of the Imprisonment Keynote Report p.174-175 Japan Federation of Bar Associations(2016 10 年 月 日 6)
- ^ "Outline of life imprisonment and parole system'
- ^ "Article Dismissal Law" Koubundou Publishers (2nd edition, December 2007) p.12.ISBN 978-4-335-35409-0 ..Hiroshi Kiyohara "This one book before being selected as a judge" Jiyu Kokuminsha (First Edition, December 1, 2008) p.12.ISBN 978-4-426-10583-9 ..Judiciary Association "Overview of Criminal Law" (7th edition) p.155.
- ^ Daijisen "Life imprisonment'
- ^ "Revised March 21 Legal Terminology Japanese-English Standard Bilingual DictionaryP.282
- ^ Ministry of Justice Criminal Bureau "Law Glossary-English Edition" p.179
- ^ Bernd Getze "Japanese-German Legal Glossary" Seibundo (October 2007) p.10.ISBN 978-4-7923-9166-9
- ^ Atsushi Naono "Romanian Classification Words" Daigaku Syorin (August 1986) p.08
- ^ Toshio Yamaguchi, "French Law Dictionary", University of Tokyo Press (March 2002) p.3.ISBN 978-4-13-031172-4
- ^ Ministry of Justice Criminal Bureau Foreign Law Study Group "Law Glossary Translation-French Edition" p.190
- ^ Tsuneo Inako "Political Law Russian Dictionary"Nauka Publishing(February 1992, 2) p.20.ISBN 9784888460279
- ^ However, this is just a "potential" and is not guaranteed by the system on the premise of future parole.
- ^ "Korean Penal Code"(Korean)
- ^ "German Criminal Code"(German)
- ^ "Austrian Criminal Code"(German)
- ^ Ministry of Justice Secretariat Judicial Law Investigation Department "New French Criminal Code" Hosoukai (1995)
- ^ However, it can be extended to 22 years by a special judgment.In addition, only those who killed children under the age of 15 and committed rape or other barbaric acts before, during, or during that time can be extended up to 30 years with a special judgment, and parole is not permitted. There is a special case that you can also make a decision.However, even in the latter case, after 30 years, it is possible to apply for an appraisal by a medical expert to the Court of Cassation, which is located at the top of the court organization, and cancel this decision.
- ^ "Romanian Criminal Code"(English)
- ^ Written by AJ Schwartz / Translated by Haruo Nishihara "Polish Criminal Law and Sports Law" Seibundo (May 2000).ISBN 978-4-7923-1525-2 .
- ^ "Russian Criminal Code"(English)
- ^ "Canadian Criminal Code"(French)
- ^ However, this is the case for first-class murder and another second-class murder.In the case of second-class murder, the court is supposed to determine the period of eligibility to apply for parole within a range of 1 to 2 years.
- ^ "Taiwan Criminal Code"(Formosan)
- ^ "Italian Criminal Code"(Italian)
- ^ For example, Article 81 of the Chinese Criminal Code sets the term of parole for life imprisonment to 10 years, but due to the 1997 revision of the criminal law, "for those who have been sentenced to life imprisonment or imprisonment for a term of 10 years or more due to violent crimes and cumulative crimes. , Parole cannot be allowed "(indefinite imprisonment), and in the Netherlands, only parole inmates are allowed to be released on parole.In the United States, many states have life imprisonment without parole, and in the United Kingdom, Chapter 21 of the Supplementary Provisions to the Sentence Guidelines states that "cases deemed to be extremely serious murders" You can make a statement that you cannot qualify for life imprisonment. "
- ^ For example,165rd Diet Legal Committee No. 3,154rd Diet Legal Committee No. 9, January 2008, 6Asahi ShimbunMinistry of Justice materials published in "Thinking about Tomorrow".
- ^ However, if the child is an eccentric crime that cannot be defended even with a treaty such as "mass murder or a huge blow to the national economy" or a juvenile protection law in Japan, regardless of whether the child is intentional or not. That is not the case.
- ^ Release life imprisonment for two weeks for murder, "to have a child" AFP (December 2018, 1) Read December 26, 2018
- ^ Asahi Shimbun published on June 2008, 6Okiharu YasuokayuanMinister of JusticeRemarks.In addition, for example, in the Asahi Shimbun June 2008, 6, "Koron"Prison officerAnd of the writerToshio Sakamoto"(Indefinite imprisonment inmates without parole) are just waiting for death without the hope of parole, their treatment is as difficult as death row prisoners, and it is difficult to respond without increasing the number of prison officers." However, it is only increasing the number of prisoners who are mentally difficult to deal with.
- ^ According to Sakamoto's article mentioned above, the annual budget per inmate borne by the state is 50 yen, and the medical expenses of life imprisonment inmates without parole, which will increase as they get older, are also buried after death. It is said that concrete discussions are needed regarding the fact that the entire fee will have to be borne by the state.Also, the originalProsecutor OfKazuo Kawakami TheMainichi Shimbun editorial"The absolute life imprisonment (due to the abolition of the death penalty) does not result in the death penalty even if a person is killed for jailbreak, so there is a possibility of killing a prison officer."
- ^ Documents from the Ministry of Justice Protection Bureauby.
- ^ It states, "The disposition that allows parole is when it is recognized that there is remorse and willingness to improve rehabilitation, there is no risk of committing a crime again, and probation is appropriate for improvement rehabilitation. However, this shall not apply if the sentiment of society is not recognized as endorsing this. "Prior to the enforcement of the Rehabilitation and Protection Law, Article 32 of the "Rules on Parole, Temporary Participation and Temporary Discharge, and Probation, etc." had similar provisions, but these four were to be "comprehensively judged". Was there.
- ^ With annual correctional statisticsDocuments from the Ministry of Justice Protection Bureauby.
- ^ 2004年は25年10月、2005年は27年2月、2006年は25年1月、2007年は31年10月、2008年は28年7月、2009年は30年2月、2010年は35年3月、2011年は35年2月、2012年は31年8月、2013年は31年2月であった。
- ^ June 1985, 5Chunichi ShimbunIt depends on the social aspect.
- ^ According to the above-mentioned Ministry of Justice materials.
- ^ Since the gap between such misunderstandings and the actual operational status has increased, the Ministry of Justice has been disclosing detailed information on the operational status of parole of life imprisonment inmates since December 2008.
- ^ According to the above-mentioned Ministry of Justice materials and annual correctional statistics report.
- ^ If this is not the case, the choice is to either abolish the parole system together or increase the time to parole for life imprisonment to 30 years.If you choose the latter here, there will be a 30-year difference in the shortest period for parole between life imprisonment and 20-year imprisonment, and if you try to eliminate this difference, you will get a fixed-term sentence of "one-third." It is conceivable to raise the conditions for parole, but in that case it will be necessary to consider the consistency of the entire fixed-term sentence, including short-term sentences, and the discussion will no longer be limited to the issue of life imprisonment, but will be the discussion of the entire criminal detention policy. Become
- ^ In the background of discussions by the Legal Affairs Subcommittee when raising the upper limit of life imprisonment, in addition to the statement that the upper limit of 20 years is inappropriate in light of public sentiment, life imprisonment and 20 years of life imprisonment Since there is a lack of continuity in the period during which parole is possible with the sentence, the statement to the effect that the upper limit of the fixed-term sentence should be extended to 30 years to provide continuity in order to eliminate it. Has been made.
This item describes 2002 from an international perspective.
- Zodiac signs : Noon(Water horse)
- Japan(The date matches)
- South Korea(The date matches)
- Republic of China(The date matches)
- DPR Korea(The date matches)
- main body91/
- Buddhist era: 2544-2545
- Islamic calendar: April 1422, 10-April 16, 1423
- Jewish calendar: April 5762, 4-April 17, 5763
- unix-time: 1009843200-1041379199
- Modified Julian Day(MJD): 52275-52639
- Lily day(LD): 153116-153480
- May 1 - European Union Euro banknotesとEuro coinDistribution started.
- May 1 - The United States of America ブ ッ シ ュThe presidentAxis remarks of evilDid.
- May 3 - France Marne La ValleeToDisneyland ParkThe second theme park afterWalt Disney Studios ParkWas opened.
- May 4 - Chugoku Air China129 flightsGimhae International AirportCrashed during landing approach to 128 passengers and XNUMX passengers died.
- May 4 - France Presidential electionIn the first voteJean-Marie Le PenAdvanced to the final vote.
- May 5 - Russia Russian armyEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu OfCam Ranh BayCompleted withdrawal from.
- May 5 - France Presidential electionIncumbent in the final voteJack ChiracWas elected.
- May 5 - Chugoku China Northern AirlinesFlight 6136 crashed into the sea east of Dalian Airport due to suicide of one passenger for insurance purposes, killing all 1 passengers and passengers.
- May 5 - Chugoku north koreaExile ChugokuShenyangIt is inJapanese Consulate-GeneralThere was an incident running into.
- May 5 - 東 テ モ ー ル Independent as a sovereign state. It is the first independent nation in the 21st century.
- May 5~May 6 - 2002 FIFA World Cup(Jointly held by Japan and Korea)
- May 7 -AU (African Union) Was established.
- May 7 - European Court of Human RightsAll 17 judges in the Grand CourtUnited Kingdom OfSex changeMake a decision to approve a person's complaint of gender correction on their birth certificate.
- August 7- チャド It is the oldest ancestor of humankind about 600-700 million years agoApefossilIs discovered.
- May 7 - リトアニア KaunasAt the 1st Lithuanian Japanese Architecture Forum "East-EastWill be held.
- May 8 - The United States of America LafayetteToAmerican Honorary CitizenThe right was awarded.
- August 8- India AKS prime number judgment method Indian Institute of TechnologyWas published in a joint paper of three professors and students.
- August 8- コロンビア Alvaro UribeBecame president of Colombia.
- May 8 - Mac OS X v10.2 JaguarReleased.
- May 8 - Republic of South Africa JohannesburgでWorld Summit on Sustainable Development(Earth Summit 2002) opens.
- May 9 - Switzerland United NationsJoined (190th).
- May 9 - Junichiro KoizumiIs the first Japanese prime minister in historynorth koreaVisited.Japan-North Korea summit meetingでKim Jong Il Japanese abduction issueOfficially acknowledged.
- May 9 - 東 テ モ ー ル Joined the United Nations. By this,Member States of the United NationsThe number became 191.
- May 10 - north korea He himself unilaterally broke the "Six-Country Framework Agreement," suggesting resumption of nuclear weapons development.
- May 10 - Indonesia BaliA terrorist bomb attack occurred in Japan, killing 202 people.
- May 10 - Five Japanese abducted by North Korea return to Japan.
- May 10 - Russia MoscowAn incident occurred in which the theater was occupied inSpecial Forces129 civilians were killed in the assault.
Weather, natural disasters, observations, etc.
- Europe,米 国In the eastheat wave.FranceとUnited KingdomAnd more than 3 people, mainly elderly people, died.
- Figure skatingFraudulent scoring problem
- F1 World Championship - Michael Schumacher
- World Rally Championship - Marcus Gronholm
- Road Race World Championship - Valentino Rossi
- May 1 - Seiji Ozawa Vienna Philharmonic OrchestraShake the New Year concert.
- Various album "2002 FIFA World Cup Official Album-SONGS OF KOREA/JAPAN-] Is a hit.
- Porn graffiti OfMugenIs NHK2002 FIFA World CupBecame the official theme song for the broadcastCoupling song OfGo Steady Go!Is the official image song for NHK 2002 FIFA World Cup.
- Ice Age
- Spirit (2002 movie)
- Infernal Affair
- A man without a past
- City of God
- Star Wars Episode 2/Clone Attack(US)
- Battlefield pianist
- Talk to her
- At 25
- 28 days later...
- Punch Drunk Love
- Harry Potter and the Secret Room
- Bowling for columbine
- Bone identity
- Time to go around
- Lord of the Rings/Two Towers
- Road to partition
- May 3 - Square PS2Software "Kingdom heartsWas released.
- May 5 -Square is software for PS2Final Fantasy XI』(SeriesfirstMMORPG) Is released.
- May 11 - Pokémon GSoftware "Pokemon Ruby Sapphire] (2 versions in Japan totaling about 534 million).
August 8-Team Shanghai Alice uses Windows software "Toho BenimasatoWas released.
- Most sold vehicles: 1:fit, 2:Corolla, 3:March
- Isuzu AsukaIs discontinued. This allows the companyPassenger carAfter withdrawing from sale completely,Track-busSpecialtyManufacturerBecomes
- May 1 - Riku Handa,soccer player
- May 1 -
- May 1 - Kiuchi Maidome, Fashion model, actress
- May 1
- May 1 --Karin, Idol (ELRIS）
- May 1 - Yuna Watanabe,actress
- August 1- Nanami Yanagawa, Ex idol (exCountry girls, OriginalJuice = Juice）
- May 1
- May 1
- May 1 - Princess Kaede of the Wild,Idol(SKE48）
- May 1 - Kira Masumoto, Idol(Sakurazaka46）
- August 1- Raima Hiramatsu, Actor
- May 1 - Nasu Yuto, Idols, talents, actors (Johnny's Jr.,Beautiful boy）
- May 1 - Samuel,singer
- May 1 - Ki-Jana Hoever,soccer player
- May 1 - Kimie Akahori,Idol(SKE48,= LOVE）
- May 1 - Nishimoto Marin,actress
- January 1-Aisa, Idol (STAYC）
- May 1 - Gaku Tanaka, Singer, actor (EBiDAN,Cherry blossom）
- May 1 - Lil Mosey, Rapper, singer-songwriter
- May 1 - Kanato Tanihata, Actor
- May 1 - Keito Mori,Pro baseball player
- August 1- Kenta Toyota, Actor, fashion model, former artist (former)Zero PLANET）
- August 1- Yoo Seon Ho, Singer, actor
- May 1 - Qingyuan Guoye,actress,Fashion Model
- January 1-Yuki, Idol (SATURDAY）
- August 1- Kazeyu,actress
- May 1 --Hong Yeji, actress
- May 2 - Sakamoto Marin,Idol(SKE48）
- August 2- Sato Ito,actress
- August 2- Sakura Seta, Idol, actress (Batten Girls Corps）
- February 2-Soni Nicole Bringus, actress
- May 2 - Ayumu Yamabe,Idol(AKB48）
- May 2 - Troy Parrott,soccer player
- May 2 - Davis Cleveland,An actor
- August 2- Ji Sung,Idol(NCT,NCT DREAM）
- August 2- Taehyun,Idol(Tomorrow X Together）
- May 2 - Kusakabe Mana,Idol(NGT48）
- May 2 - Kotaro Kurebayashi,Pro baseball player
- February 2-Akane Nanase, fashion model
- May 2 - Nakamura Rinmu, Professional BMX Rider
- May 2 - Mai Ozeki, Actress, ex idol (exCountry girls）
- February 2-Hiroaki Kunitake, snowboarder
- May 2 - Rina Morimoto, YouTuber (Bambanzai）
- May 2 - Sophia Lillis,actress
- August 2- Harima Kana,talent
- May 2 - Morita Rin,soccer player
- May 2 - Reina Isshiki,Idol(SKE48）
- August 2- Arai hot greens,Gravure idol
- May 2 - Fujita Joruru Chima,soccer player
- May 2 --Kim Dong Yoon, an idol (DRIPPIN）
- May 2 - Risakura Yoshida, Fashion model, gravure idol
- February 2-Nagi Takasawa, fashion model
- May 2 --Yu Oka, talent
- May 2 - Yuki Okabayashi,Pro baseball player
- February 2-Wonhyuk, Idol (E'LAST）
- May 2 - Kurashima Sora, Actress, fashion model
- May 2 --Anzu Suzuki, VR idol (Puzzle）
- May 2 - Sakura Suenaga,Idol(SKE48）
- May 2 - Lala Takahashi,Fashion Model
- May 2 - Floating place Hiki, Idols, talents, actors (Johnny's Jr.,Beautiful boy）
- May 2 - Mizuna Shirakawa, Voice actor
- May 3 - Aika Sugiyama,Idol(SKE48）
- May 3 - Aimi Ikumi, Model, actress
- May 3 --Unjo, idol (Dream Note）
- August 3- Akane Haga,Idol(Morning Musume.）
- May 3 --Wonjun, idol (E'LAST）
- May 3 - Nozomi Yamamoto,Idol(NMB48）
- May 3 --Ruka Hirano, snowboarder
- May 3 --Cherin, Idol (Cherry Bullet）
- August 3- Masaya Sano,Idol(Johnny's Jr.,Ah! group）
- May 3 --Pan Jun Seo, actress
- May 3 - Sakura Yosozumi,skateboardplayer
- May 3 --Sakurako Kurihara, former VR idol (Puzzle）
- May 3 - Chiho Ishida,Idol(STU48）
- August 3- Kawashima Suzuharu,actress
- May 3 --Aya Atsumi, talent
- May 3 --Nam Seungmin, trot singer
- May 3 - Riku Masuda, Voice actor
- May 3 - Yui Takemoto, Idol (Sakurazaka46)
- May 3 - Ayaki Saki,Idol(Octopus rainbow）
- May 3 - Shoma Ishigami,soccer player
- May 4 --Ryunosuke Ota, soccer player
- May 4 - Yukazu Ohara, Actor, fashion model
- May 4 - Abe main gate,soccer player
- May 4 - Daniel Grassl, Figure skater
- August 4- Ai Okada, Talent, fashion model
- May 4 --Makoto Furuya, soccer player
- May 4 - Ishibashi firefly,talent
- May 4 - Maya,Idol(NiziU）
- May 4 --Kyota Tokiwa, soccer player
- May 4 --Semi, idol (CIGNATURE）
- August 4- Mei Hata,actress
- August 4- Satoshi Kumagai, Actor, fashion model
- May 4 - Reito Nakayama,Pro baseball player
- May 4 --Kim Jonghyun, Idol (DONGKIZ)
- May 4 --Warm Sakai, soccer player
- May 4 - Hayato Sakamoto,Pro baseball player
- May 4 - Sadie sink,actress
- August 4- Naoto Tsuji, Actress, talent
- May 4 --Lena, Idol (GWSN）
- May 4 - Fumiya Suzuki,soccer player
- May 4 - Loren Gray,Singer-songwriter
- May 4 - Jay,Idol(ENHYPEN）
- May 4 --Naoki Yoshikawa, soccer player
- May 4 --Yuji Yoshida, soccer player
- May 4 - Cha Eun Ki, Former child actor, idol ( Retro American Diner Chair TO1）
- May 4 - Uchiboshi Dragon,Pro baseball player
- May 4 - Ryohei Hosokawa,Pro baseball player
- May 4 - Kim Choi Hyun,Idol(Kep1er）
- May 4 --Shiori Yamashita,Ice hockeyplayer
- May 4 --Son Soo Hyun, actress
- May 4 --Teden Mengi, soccer player
- May 5 - Sena Goto, Artist, fashion model (ERROR）
- May 5 - Taku Inafuku,soccer player
- May 5 - Nanako Sudo, Voice actor
- May 5 --Joe Gelhardt, soccer player
- May 5 - Emily Allin Lind,actress
- May 5 --Yedam, Idol (TREASURE）
- May 5-Uchae, Idol (NATURE）
- April 5-, Singer-songwriter
- May 5 --Yoto Ota, soccer player
- May 5 - Funaki,Idol(Anjurum, OriginalCountry girls）
- May 5-Yuku, Idol (DKB）
- May 5 --Kim Min Seo, Idol (DRIPPIN）
- May 5 - Margarita Armstrong-Jones, British royal family
- August 5- Ayana Shiramoto, Model, actress
- May 5 - Hayashi drum, Voice actor
- August 5- Otoha Taguchi,Fashion Model
- May 5 --Yu Morishita, soccer player
- May 5 - Ryodai Matsumoto,Pro baseball player
- May 5 - Arena Zagitowa, Figure skater
- August 5- Nana Kono sail,Idol(NMB48）
- May 5 - Daimitsu Sasaki,Idol(Johnny's Jr.,7 MEN Samurai）
- May 5 - Junpei Kawarada,Pro baseball player
- May 5 --Shooto Sugawara, soccer player
- May 5 - Rin Arai, Voice actor
- August 5- Shun Maeda,model
- May 5 - Asahi Yokokawa,soccer player
- May 5 --Himeka Suimizuguchi, talent
- May 5 - Rea Nagami,actress
- May 5 - Hide Samurai Kuwahara,Pro baseball player
- May 5 - Issei Mamehara,Idol(JO1）
- May 5 - Namba Real Dream, Swimmers
- May 6 --Yan Coot, soccer player
- May 6 - Taiki Irie,Pro baseball player
- May 6 --Ao Hirano, soccer player
- May 6 --Shoya Katsuki, soccer player
- May 6 - Takara Tsujigaki,Pro baseball player
- May 6 - Minami Sara, Actress, fashion model
- May 6 - Eri Moriyama, Actor
- May 6 - Nam Da Reum, Actor
- May 6 - Nagasaki Miyu, Table tennis players
- May 6 - Marcelino,Pro baseball player
- May 6 - Ayuna Nitta,Gravure idol
- May 6 - Shinnosuke Shimo,Pro baseball player
- May 6 --Sunshine, idol (NATURE）
- May 6 --Suetsugu, soccer player
- May 6 - Maeda Kokoro, Idol (BEYOOOOONDS, Amenomori Kawaumi)
- May 6 --Ren Yamato, soccer player
- May 6 - Jarrad Branthwait,soccer player
- May 6 - Anka Dezawa, Table tennis players
- May 6 --Taiyo Ito, soccer player
- May 6 - Haruka Sadano,Idol(NMB48）
- August 6- Furuta Airi, Fashion model, actress
- May 7 - Runa Ozawa,actress
- August 7- Kitamura Sango,talent
- May 7 --Yu Fukumoto, soccer player
- May 7 - Yahagi Moe Summer, Former idol, singer-songwriter (formerAKB48）
- May 7 - Kuraba Kondo,soccer player
- May 7 - Utada Early Summer,Idol(AKB48)
- May 7 - Shota Shimoda, Actor, talent
- August 7- Cha Junho,Idol(DRIPPIN, OriginalX1）
- May 7 - Ikema Natsumi, Actress, fashion model
- August 7- Asuka Kawatoko, Actress, fashion model
- May 7 - Takumi Makihara,Pro baseball player
- May 7 --Kota Shiromizu, soccer player
- May 7 --Shunpei Uenishi, soccer player
- May 7 - Shunpeita Yamashita,Pro baseball player
- May 7 - Luna Toyota, Gravure idol, talent
- May 7 - Sota Fujii, Professional shogi player
- May 7 --Park Ha Young, actress
- May 7 - Kihira Rika, Figure skater
- May 7 - フ ェ リ ッ ク ス, Danish royalty
- May 7 - Michieda Shunsuke, Idol, actor (Naniwa Boy）
- May 7 --Michael Campion, actor
- May 7 - Naruoka Hikaru,soccer player
- May 7 - Mao Akiyama,Idol(Tsubaki Factory）
- August 7- Yume Abe,Idol(SUPER ☆ GiRLS）
- May 7 - Koki Kawasaki,talent
- May 7 - Ryunosuke Matsumoto,Pro baseball player
- May 8 - Oona Laurence,actress
- August 8-Takuma Matsumoto, talent
- May 8 - Ayaka Yamamoto,Idol(NMB48）
- May 8 - Ayama Makita,actress
- May 8 - Hyakuyo Tabata, Curling player
- May 8 - Hiroto Takahashi,Pro baseball player
- May 8 --Shun Ishida, soccer player
- May 8 - Riko Nagase, Fashion model, actress
- August 8- Hibiki Miyahara,Fashion Model
- May 8 - Mio Yakubo,Idol(Nogizaka46）
- August 8- Huening Kai,Idol(Tomorrow X Together）
- May 8 - Keno Nagao, Idol, actor (Naniwa Boy）
- May 8 - Kaili Shimbo,soccer player
- May 8 - Sakurai Otono,Gravure idol
- May 8 --Kito Fujino, soccer player
- May 8 - Brighton Sharbino,actress
- May 8 - Mikuri Kiyota, Model, actress
- May 8 --Watanabe, soccer player
- May 8 --Kageyama base, soccer player
- May 8 - Daisho Iwasaki, Idol, actor, talent (Johnny's Jr., Bishonen)
- August 8-Yejun, Idol (E'LAST）
- May 8 - Suzuki Kaito,soccer player
- May 8 - Hana Aoyama, Track and field athletes
- May 8 --Mr. Takano, soccer player
- May 8 --Daisho Fujii, soccer player
- May 8 - Aki Sakiyama,Singer-songwriter
- August 8- Lucy,Idol(weki meki）
- May 9 - Sonoda Aika, Actress, ex idol (exCametre）
- May 9 --San A, Idol (LIGHTSUM）
- May 9 - Asher Angel, Actors, musicians
- May 9 - Nao Kosaka, Idol, actress, fashion model (Hinatazaka46)
- May 9 - Gaten Matarazzo, Actors, singers
- May 9 - Son Dong Pyo, Idol (MIRAE, exX1）
- May 9 - Takao sound, Voice actor
- August 9- Kanamura Miku, Idol, fashion model (Hinatazaka46)
- May 9 - Shinnosuke Saya,Pro baseball player
- May 9 - Daisho Okamoto,Pro baseball player
- May 9 - future,actress
- August 9- Hinata Mirai, Voice actor
- May 9 --Sato Imai, soccer player
- May 9 --Chowon, Idol (LIGHTSUM）
- May 9 - Kang Min Hee,Idol(CRAVITY, OriginalX1）
- August 9- Yamato Yumiki, Actor
- May 9 - Shinto Mori, Artist,TikToker,YouTuber(BUDDiiS）
- August 9- Takuto Takada,Pro baseball player
- September 9-So Oda, soccer player
- August 9- Tomoki Tagawa,soccer player
- May 9 - Inokari Aoya, Idol, actor, talent (Johnny's Jr.,HiHi Jets）
- August 9- Lilia,talent
- May 9 - Mizuno Airi,Idol(SKE48）
- August 9- Moon, Former fashion model, idol (Billlie）
- May 9 - Hagoromo Mihara, Model, actress
- May 9 --Gaul, Idol (IVE）
- May 9 --Shinri Ono, soccer player
- May 9 - Hiyori Hamaishi, Idol, fashion model (Hinatazaka46)
- May 9 --Ayoung, Idol (SATURDAY）
- May 9 - Maddie Ziegler, Dancer, actor, model
- August 9- Ryuto Sakuma, Idol, actor, talent (Johnny's Jr.,HiHi Jets）
- August 9- Sayuri Ito, Voice actor
- May 10 --Yuya Tanaka, soccer player
- May 10 - Cleopatra Stratan,singer
- May 10 - Riko Ito, Idol (Nogizaka46)
- August 10- Akari Ohashi,Fashion Model
- May 10 - Iris Apatow,actress
- May 10 --Kaishu Hirano,ノ ノ ー ボ ーplayer
- May 10 ――Ainan, YouTuber
- May 10 - Ryoto Kurita Professional baseball player
- May 10 - Nozomu Takatera,Pro baseball player
- May 10 --Masanori Fukamiya, soccer player
- May 10 - Murahoshi Riju, Talent, singer
- May 10 --Iori Nishimura, soccer player
- May 10 - Takeru Kitazono, Gymnast
- May 10 - Yuta Nakamikawa,Pro baseball player
- May 10 --Ningning, idol (aspace）
- May 10 - Ado,singer
- May 10 --Hiroki Kanno, soccer player
- May 10 - Riku,Idol(NiziU）
- August 10- Lee Eun Sang, Former idol, singer (formerX1）
- May 10 --Daitake Matsuura, soccer player
- May 10 - Kan Sato, Musicians
- May 10 - Jin Matsuda,Idol(INI）
- May 10 - Ansu Fati,soccer player(FW）
- From July 10st until July 31thDay -Ayane Nagai, voice actor
- May 11 - Fukuyama Ayami,Fashion Model
- May 11 - Anka Yamada,Idol(AKB48）
- May 11 - Anna Kawamata,Idol(STU48）
- May 11 - Yumeha Yamazaki, Idol (BEYOOOOONDS, Amenomori Kawaumi)
- May 11 - Maya-Lecia Naylor, Actress, singer, model (2019/Death)
- May 11 - Koharu Ito,Idol(fluffy）
- May 11 - Kumata Kuro,actress
- May 11 --Takaaki Izumi, soccer player
- May 11 --Yojin, Idol (Girl of the month）
- August 11- Hideo Yasushima, Idol (Johnny's Jr.,Boy ninja）
- August 11- Shimizu sunflower,Idol(Magical punch line）
- May 11 - Giovanni Reyna,soccer player(MF）
- May 11 --Sakaguchi, soccer player
- May 11 - Jake,Idol(ENHYPEN）
- May 11 - Mine Nakagawa,Idol(NMB48）
- August 11- Sanari, Rapper
- November 11-Juri Nishikawa, fashion model
- August 11- Kyle Catlett, Actor
- May 11 - Yu Ishikawa, Track and field athletes
- May 11 - Rio Komiya, Actor
- May 11 - Sayaka Kakehashi, Idol, actress (Nogizaka46)
- May 11 - Yuria Shimazaki,Idol(Up Up Girls (2)）
- August 11- Yuotoka Amemiya,Fashion Model
- May 11 - Riku Terakado,soccer player
- May 11 - Mano Oshiro,Pro baseball player
- May 11 - Sota Uemura, Actor, model
- May 11 - Song Hyeong Jun, Singer, dancer, rapper (CRAVITY, OriginalX1）
- August 11- Kim Na Young,Idol(LIGHTSUM）
- May 12 - Aiko Yamade,Singer-songwriter
- August 12- Korai Shirai,Idol(SKE48）
- May 12 - Maaya Sako,soccer player
- May 12 - Riko, Fashion model, actress
- August 12- Tokairin Claire,Fashion Model
- May 12 - Haruna Hiiragi, Actor
- August 12- Yamato Nishikawa,Mixed fighter
- May 12 - Naoki Kasashima,Pro baseball player
- May 12 - Sung Hoon, Idol, former figure skater (ENHYPEN）
- May 12 - Miki Nakano,Idol(NMB48）
- May 12 - Tsubasa Kato,Pro baseball player
- May 12 - Shiori Ikemoto,Gravure idol
- August 12- Minoru Oguma,Idol(NGT48）
- May 12 - Ryuga Sato, Idol, Talent, Actor, Fashion Model (Johnny's Jr.,Beautiful boy）
- December 12-Rika Omagari, talent
- May 12 - Mariko Kosaka, Idol (Sakurazaka46)
- August 12- Hiyori Sakurada, Actress, fashion model
- August 12- Mariko Kosaka, Idol (Sakurazaka46)
- August 12- Ishii Moeka, Actress, model, former idol (former)Pocchimo）
- May 12 - Yuna Sugiyama, Former actress
- May 12 - Aiko,singer
- May 12 --Riku Koshiba, talent
- May 12 - Finn Wolfhard, Actor
- May 12 - Taishi Nozawa Brandon,soccer player
- May 12 - Kota Kategari,Pro baseball player
- May 12 - Takumi Itani,Pro baseball player
- May 12 --Kaiharu Mitsuto, soccer player
- Physics Award - Masatoshi Koshiba,Raymond Davis,Riccardo Giacconi
- Chemistry Award - Koichi Tanaka,John fen,Kurt Wüthrich
- Physiology/Medical Award - Sydney Brenner,Robert Horvitz,John sulston
- Literature Award - Imre Kertés
- Peace award - Jimmy Carter
- Economic Award - Daniel Kahneman,Vernon smith
The event of fiction
- May 1 --Adrian dies. (movies"Rocky"series)
- 9 --A terrorist led by Morpheus Duval on the luxury liner "Spencer Rain" sailing in the Pacific OceanT-virusIs sprayed and a biohazard occurs. (game"Gun Survivor 4])
- In order to attack the mother star "Comet Bagua" of the invader "Comet Bagua", a space fleet consisting of three space battleships "Knight of the Universe (Universe Knight)" heads to the back side of the moon where Comet Bagua exists. ,ApenninesCrush the Bagua Fortress built in the crater. (Picture story "Starfleet])
- Space probe"Nomad Mk-15c"Space creaturesLaunched for exploration, but then disappears. (Special effects TV program "Space Operation])
- The spaceship "Johnson" led by explorer Jean Wenzy is the first human beingPlutoReached. Wenzy and his colleagues make friendly contact with Pluto during their expedition. (novel"Captain Future])
- Received a secret notice from gangster leader Judas Peter and maid robot Inokashira who robbed 2 million yen and committed mass murder火星Escape to. (Manga"Astro boy"The volume of a man who came back from Mars")
- The plan to invade the Earth by the Brachers under the command of Silver Express is resumed. (Anime"Lightning Super Express Hikarian])
- Dr. Alfred Lanning of US Robot & Machine Human Co., Ltd. will unveil the first self-propelled robot with a vocal device. Then this robotMercuryUsed for mining in the first expedition to. (novel"We are robots])
- ^ Shigeru Komatsuzaki "Earth SOS Super Special Science Adventure Story"Futabasha, 2002, pp. 360-368, 371.ISBN +978-4-575-29484-2.
- ^ Nomad --StarTrek.com (ス タ ー ト レ ッ クSeries official website, English). Retrieved April 2018, 4.
- ^ Changeling, The --StarTrek.com (Star Trek series official website, English). Retrieved April 2018, 4.
- ^ Edmond Hamilton "Captain Future Complete Works 1 Fear of the Space Emperor/Dark Star Great Approach!" ]Tokyo Sogensha, 2004, 568: 572-page 575.ISBN +978-4-488-63711-8.
- ^ Isaac Asimov "We are robots [final edition]"Hayakawa Publishing, 2004, 9, 10, 53-page 58.ISBN +978-4-15-011485-5.