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🐈 | Kittens scream for the first injection & seriously, the cats from all over the country who heard the voice responded "What happened?"


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Kittens scream at the first injection & seriously, the cats from all over the country who heard the voice responded "What happened?"

 
If you write the contents roughly
If I screamed for the time being, my fear might have eased.
 

"A kitten who hates the first injection too much, I'm going to get serious with a big scream ..." → Continue reading

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Hello. This is the "Maidena News", a soft news site from Kansai. We will introduce in a timely manner what has become a hot topic on the internet and in the Kansai area centered around Osaka, Kobe and Kyoto. Introducing and commenting deeply on the news and seasonal information that disturbs society from the perspective unique to Kansai. We can answer the "feelings we want to know" of all our users with the spirit of "Kotekote" service unique to Kansai.


Wikipedia related words

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恐怖

恐怖(Kyofu), orfear(Fear) (British: fear) IsAnimal,A humanOffal感情One of the scary things and thatFeeling[1].

Overview

Britannica International EncyclopediaAccording to, fear is typicalEmotionIn one of the harmful situationsDangerIt is said that it occurs when it is difficult to effectively deal with such a situation.[2].

According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, there are some fears that are not concrete and have clear objects.worry".In addition, the ones that are not in a concrete situation and have no clear target are "不安"[2].

From the situationescapeTendency of behavior to try,Heart rateIncrease, from the faceBloodyPulls,trembling,sweatingWith physical reaction such as[2]..If you are afraid, take actionparalysisOccurs[2].

Hayao KawaiAbout fear, "Human is his ownView of life,View of the world,システムHayao Kawai, who was active as a psychologist in peaceful Japan after the war and in the Heisei era, defined it as "a person who lives while having a life, but shakes it somewhere".

"It looks like it's better not to have fear, and it's safe to say that it's going to last forever, but it's like dying. Fear always comes into the experience of living.existIf you are good at it, new things will be opened, but if you are not good at it, it will be catastrophic.In other words, fear is just the boundary between the two.Furthermore, for example, to the object of fear, "deadHowever, for those who have a strong mood for death, it cannot be scared, and as they get closer to it, the boundary between life and death disappears, and the fear disappears.If that happens,LivingDeath is useless. "" Modern humans have very little inherent fear, and modern humans are in a very poor state.AmbivalentIs "[3].
(Note: The "modern" that Kawai refers to as "modern" is not the "modern" in 2022 or later, but the "modern" at the time when Kawai was alive.CoronaIt is the "modern" of the time when a large number of people died in the world and Russia did not invade Ukraine in 2022. )

When positioning a state of strong fear of a particular situation or thing as a disease (such as when the person feels inconvenient),PhobiaSay.PhobiaCognitive behavioral therapyIt may be possible to treat by such as.

Target of fear, state of fear

In Western Europe around the 14th and 18th centuriesPlagueI was very afraid to get (black death).

19st century Of英国The most feared thing in was forgotten by people, dead but not mourned by anyone,povertyDie in the state, finallyDissectionIt was to be put on a table.20st centurySo many peoplePediatric paralysisI was afraid to suffer from the illness of dying a part of my body and getting stuck for the rest of my life.

2001/9/11LaterAmerica(OrEurope) Then,terrorismThe fear of was widespread.

People,traumaLike remainsACCIDENTWhen you experience the kind, you may become scared of some objects that are reminiscent of the accident.In addition, the area invaded by other countries and lived for a long timebombing,ShellingReceive or on the front lineTrenchIn battlemortarIf you experience a long-term attack, a situation where you are too likely to die at any moment, even if you leave the battlefield afterwards,volumeJust hearing the loud noise of, that is, not only the sound of bombing and mortar, but also the sound of construction sites and the sound of slamming doors, makes you feel great fear.

Actions intended to make you feel fear, methods to use it

To be afraid[4], Threatening to do something to make the other person feel afraid (daily term).A threat is not only a violent act or a violent remark, but also a remark that gently says that the other person may feel dangerous, that is, a person who hears it calmly. It also includes intentionally saying things that make you feel scared when you understand the meaning and content of a sentence.

In legal terms, in particular, to scare someone to do something, or to force someone to do something that makes them feel afraid.[5]TheIntimidationThat is. ((Criminal law) To scare people by saying or showing an attitude that causes harm[5], Announce that you will do harm for the purpose of scaring others[6]Is called intimidation. ((Civil law) Acts that cause awe by notifying the other party that they will do illegal harm (in the case of the Civil Code, the Chinese character notation is "compulsive")[7].

In France at the end of the 18th century, those who were regarded as "opposition" by Robespierre and others were unilaterallyExecutionAnd tried to control people by making them scared.Such a methodFear politicsHowever, after that, he will control his own people in the same way.dictatorIs endless.

terrorismIt is a method of trying to achieve a political purpose by making people feel scared.It was often done by individuals or small groups, and until several decades ago, there were many such cases.In recent years national leaders (especiallydictatorAnd those in power with a strong dictatorship may use their own military offensive power (especially)Weapons of mass destructionIt is becoming more common to threaten the people of other countries and the governments of other countries by hinting at the possibility of using the state sponsor of terrorism (national terrorism).[Source required]

Signs and symptoms

In a state of fear, a person reacts in various ways, including:[8].

  • pupilExpansion (visual response to fear)
  • lungBronchiole dilation (increasing oxygen absorption)
  • blood pressureとHeartbeatSoaring (supplying energy to the brain and muscles)
  • liver OfglycogenDisassembly (increases instantaneous power)
  • ア ド レ ナ リ ンLarge release of blood flow including (improvement of physiological defense)
  • spleenContraction (preparation to supply white blood cells)
  • bladderとcolonPreparation to empty (preparation for energy consumption)
  • Constriction of capillaries in the digestive system (concentrates blood flow to the muscle side)
  • Standing hair (GoosebumpPhenomenon that hair stands upright, such as standing up.It is thought that it is a remnant of the appearance of the body to the enemy)

The reaction to fearLimbic system OftonsilIt is linked to the activity, which is a relatively old part of the function of the brain, and the warning issued by the amygdalaCentral nervous system-Autonomic nervesPromotes various physiological responses to[8]..Patients with amygdala abnormalities do not feel fear[9].

Fear can make humans frightened and unilaterally obey the wishes of others.On the other hand, humans are also violent and can fight for their lives.

Psychological explanation / research

John B. WatsonPsychologists such as, fear, are other basic emotionsjoy,怒 りWith theseImmanent to all humansHe said it was an emotion.Fear is usually specificstimulateIs a reaction to[Source required].

PsychologyIn, remembering the object of fear isFear conditioning (en: fear conditioning) ”ResearchHas been done.The first one was Watson1920/Went to (en: Little Albert experiment) So, in this study, 11 months oldAn infantSucceeded in conditioned the laboratory white rat to be frightening.

Specific subjects (eg, by study)Animal, Height) is another object (eg, height)flower,(I.e.) Has been found to be more likely to cause fear.It is also easier to instill fear in these subjects in the subject.

Management

Medicine

Fear and due to the amygdalaPhobiaFor drug treatmentGlucocorticoidCan be mentioned[10]

Psychotherapy

Cognitive behavioral therapyHas succeeded in helping people overcome their fears.Forgetting and deleting memories is not easy, so the approach of repeatedly confronting people with their fears is aggressive and more successful.By confronting one's fears in a safe way, one can suppress the memories and stimuli that cause them.[11].

Exposure therapyIs specificPhobiaIt is known that in 90% of people with, their fear could be significantly reduced over time.[12][11].

Another psychotherapySystematic desensitizationIt aims to completely eliminate or replace the fear with an aversive reaction to it.Behavior therapyIt is one of.Through the reactionRelaxationWill be replaced by this.Through this treatment, muscle tension is weakened, and deep breathing techniques can help relieve tension.

Other treatments

Finding peace in religion is another way to deal with your fears.For exampleAfter deathHaving something to answer questions about your fears, such as what happens to you or the world after death, helps your fears of death.Having an answer reduces the room for uncertainty.Religion does not ignore one's fears, but provides a way to understand and feel.[13].

Animal

Joseph LeDouxAccording to the study of, the amygdala is also a part that consciously stores memories such as fear, threat, and danger.Fight or run away or reactControls conditional fear such as.MostvertebrateTocerebellumIt is considered that all the cerebellar tonsils of these animals have the same function.[8].


Gallery

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ goo dictionary "fear"
  2. ^ a b c d Britannica International Encyclopedia, [Fear, fear]
  3. ^ Hayao Kawai "Dialogue Life and Death" (Daiwa Shobo, February 2006, 2)
  4. ^ "Kojien" XNUMXth edition [Dread.Intimidation, threatening]
  5. ^ a b "Selected Edition of Japanese Language Dictionary" [Intimidation]
  6. ^ "Kojien" XNUMXth Edition [Intimidation]
  7. ^ "Kojien" XNUMXth Edition [Compulsion]
  8. ^ a b c Donna Hart, Robert W. Sussman "Human was eaten and evolved" Translated by Nobuko Ito Kagaku-Dojin 2007 ISBN 9784759810820 pp. 104-108.
  9. ^ A woman who doesn't feel any fear, a hint for PTSD treatment --AFP BB News December 2010, 12
  10. ^ Sandi, C. (2011). “Healing anxiety disorders with glucocorticoids”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108 (16): 6343–344. bibcode2011 PNAS ..108.6343S. two:10.1073 / pnas.1103410108. PMC 3080972. PMID 21482789. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3080972/. 
  11. ^ a b Kaplan, JS; Tolin, DF (2011). “Exposure therapy for anxiety disorders: Theoretical mechanisms of exposure and treatment strategies”. Psychiatric Times 28 (9): 33–37. http://search.proquest.com/docview/894207776. 
  12. ^ Travis, John (2004). “Fear not: Scientists are learning how people can unlearn fear”. Science News 165 (3): 42–44. two:10.2307/4014925. JSTOR 4014925. 
  13. ^ “Cure Your Fear – Phobia Treatment” (English). FearOf.net. https://www.fearof.net/cure-your-fear-phobia-treatment/ 2018/11/28Browse. 

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