"I feel like I'm shooting with people from different worlds" Rea Hanasaki "Superior" Other Cut & Interview Arrival
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For now, I'm doing gravure, DVD, photobooks, mahjong, MC, commercials, recitation plays, etc., but I still want to broaden my range of work.
Appeared on the cover of "Weekly Big Comic Superior" on sale by gravure idol Rea Hanasaki.Manga "Natsume Arata ... → Continue reading
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theater(Energetic,English: theater) IsaudienceAgainstAn actor stageAbovegesture,linesBy etc.storyAnd personification,ActingshowartThat thing.俳優が観客を前にして、舞台上で思想や感情などを表現し伝達しようとする一連の行為であり、それらをIt is a series of actions in which an actor tries to express and convey thoughts and feelings on the stage in front of the audience.鑑賞There is also a purpose.
Theater is a real lifeAn actorIs an art that shows a story or a person to the audience by acting on the stage using gestures, gestures, facial expressions, and dialogue.Mostly the author (Playwright) Is a scenario (Drama-Script), And based on that, the actor will perform and express on the stage using dialogue and actions.
Also, for many playsperformer(Director), And teaches actors based on playwrights.The stage equipment, lighting, music, sound, etc. are also used comprehensively to improve the effect.Gordon GreigSays the play as "the background (the" stage "of the stage set, lighting, etc.) and the sound (voice, music, sound produced by the actor)".Comprehensive artCaptured as.. In this way, the fields of art used vary widely,Music,dance,Stage sound-Stage lighting,Stage art,Stage mechanism, Sometimes including the audience sidetheaterInside空间, And even of the theaterBuildingThere is a case that even the design as. For the playPlaywrightIs written byDramaIs aloneLiterary worksCan be.
The origin and history of theater
There are various theories about the origin of theater.
- Mankind instinctively hasImitationGuess that you are interested in(Kobayashi Aio).
- Magical and religious儀式The theory that was developed and became a play
The Ancient GreekThe tragedy is held inGreat Dionysia FestivalIs a godDionysusHad an aspect as a ritual to honor..In addition, magic and religious rituals often include imitation of acts and phenomena and their reproduction as important elements.
The origin of Western theater is sought after in ancient Greece.5th century BCToGreek drama TheAthensAt its peak inAeschylus,Sopocles,EuripidesFocusing on the three major writers ofGreek tragedyAndAristophanesDue toGreek comedyWas established.4th century BCGreek theater stagnated when entering, but the work was long地中海Continued to be performed in the whole area.Ancient romeEven in, the theater was actively performed under the influence of Greek theater, and in various places.Roman amphitheaterWas built,Roman EmpireWith the decline ofキ リ ス ト 教The influence of the ancient theater also declined.
Then, in the 10th century, records of religious dramas began to appear in the literature under the influence of Christianity.From the 13th century, medieval theater, mainly religious theater, will flourish..RenaissanceWhen it startsHumanistThe ancient drama script was rediscovered by them, andLetterpressThe invention made it possible to mass-produce scripts, which changed the theater significantly..
Preparation for theatrical performance
Preparations for performances vary by discipline and troupe, such as classical and contemporary theater.
In modern theater, it takes a certain period (often about a month) before it is performed.An actorRehearsal is required.多くの演劇作品で上演時間は1時間半以上、長いものでは途中休憩等を除いても3時間以上あり、出演する俳優たちはMany theatrical works have a performance time of one and a half hours or more, and long ones have a performance time of three hours or more even excluding breaks, etc.DirectorIt is necessary to physically learn the lines, movements, and interactions with other actors through the lessons under the instructions of.
classickabukiIn such cases, the lines and movements are in a regular form, and the practice of the performance and acting is practiced from a young age.型It is said that the training period (immediately before the performance) is several days, probably because "" is soaked in the actor's body.Even in the new Kabuki, the training period is overwhelmingly shorter than in modern drama.In addition, there is no director in classical Kabuki.
In the case of contemporary theater, the flow before the performance is decided by the performer by audition or offer after the performance is decided.After face-to-face (all staff including directors and performers), reading lessons (line), standing lessons (acting), through lessons, intensive lessons, etc., enter the hut (to the theater where the performance is performed).It will be a real performance after going through the process of preparation (preparation of the theater), hitting (costume, makeup, sound / lighting), Genepro (rehearsal on the stage set).これらの公演前の準備期間は通常1 - 2か月であるThe pre-performance preparation period is usually XNUMX-XNUMX months..
The first start date is called the "first day", (if the performance period is long, the middle performance date is called "Nakabi"), and the final performance is "Chiaki".
There are various changes in the theatrical works by the director even during the performance period, there are parts that are changed in consideration of the reaction of the audience every day, and each actor also improves and changes the performance every day. Because of this, the theatrical works change even during the performance period.Audiences who watch multiple times during the performance can enjoy the changes.
Also, every time we performaudienceThe groups (actual, individual people, people) are different, and different spectators naturally react differently.Therefore, depending on the reaction of the audience, the actor's feelings may rise and the acting may be successful, or if it is a cold reaction, the actor's performance may change depending on the audience.Theatrical works are sometimes referred to as "made by the audience" or "made by the audience," not just by the director or actor.
The slight intonation and "pause" of the actor's lines also change (naturally, even if they are constant), and the timing and movement of the dialogue are slightly different each time.Sometimes, unexpected happenings occur on the stage or in the theater, so it is said that a play (performance) is a "creature".
Classification by story content
It is mainly classified by the content (expansion) of the drama. However, there is no clear standard for what constitutes a tragedy or a comedy. For example, generally, a work in which a sad story such as the death of the protagonist is developed is a tragedy. Ancient GreekKing Oedipus] OrShakespeareof"Macbeth] Is one example. Some Shakespeare's works are also known as the Four Great Tragedy. On the other hand, Shakespeare is full of festive features.As you likeIs a comedy.
On the other hand, in the storyDramaWithout a story, the characters are placed in an unbreakable spaceAbsurdityCall.. The representative playwright isSamuel Beckett,Harold PinterAnd so on. Also, in opposition to these Western drama methods, Japan's Oriza Hirata proposed a "quiet drama." This seeks drama in everyday conversation., Is the root of conversational drama, which is a genre of contemporary theater.
Classification by production method (expression method)
Classification by age
- Japanese traditional performing arts
- Modern Japanese theater
- Modern Japanese theater
Classification by actors
In modern Japan, professional theater is often called commercial theater, and amateur theater is often called small theater theater.
- Commercial theater
- Small theater play
- Citizen troupe
- (It has two meanings, a play by a college student and a play by a student under a college student)
- High school drama・Junior high school drama
- Children's theater
Elements and terms of drama
- Edinburgh International Festival(England)
A work on the theme of drama
- ^ "Actors and Super Dolls" Gordon Greig, translated by Kiyoshi Takeda, Jitate Shobo, 2012.
- ^ "Western theater history] Kobayashi Aio, Akagi Monographs 44, 1914.
- ^ "138 billion years of music history" p126-127 Toshihiko Uraku Kodansha Hyundai Shinsho July 2016, 7, 20st edition
- ^ "History of Drama" p21-24 Alan Viara Translated by Nobuyoshi Takahashi Hakusuisha Published April 2008, 4
- ^ "History of Drama" p24-25 Alan Viara Translated by Nobuyoshi Takahashi Hakusuisha Published April 2008, 4
- ^ "History of Drama" p33 Alan Viara Translated by Nobuyoshi Takahashi Hakusuisha Published April 2008, 4
- ^ "History of Drama" p35 Alan Viara Translated by Nobuyoshi Takahashi Hakusuisha Published April 2008, 4
- ^ "History of Drama" p37 Alan Viara Translated by Nobuyoshi Takahashi Hakusuisha Published April 2008, 4
- ^ "History of Drama" p53-54 Alan Viara Translated by Nobuyoshi Takahashi Hakusuisha Published April 2008, 4
- ^ Shibai City "Let's catch the flow from the beginning to the end of the stage ~Actors~"
- ^ "Contemporary theater strata-exploring the foundations of French absurdity generation" Akihiro Odanaka, Perikkansha, 2010.
- ^ "Quiet Theater｜Contemporary Art Dictionary"DNP Museum Information Japan, viewed February 2018, 2.