Ehime Life # 11: "What kind of lifestyle do you want to have, the key point of migration" | This week's Ehime Dai ...
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Until I moved, I thought about what kind of lifestyle I would like to have (what I want to do), and investigated the land (shops, facilities, sightseeing spots, circles, etc.).
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Lifestyle（せいかつようしき）は、LifestyleAlso called (Lifestyle), there is社会It refers to a way of life in which the members of the group have a common structure. In a broader sense, it refers to the interests, opinions, behaviors, and behavioral orientations of an individual, group, or culture..
A person who belongs to the same society人生Are the basic building blocks of生産,消费,家庭,The laborIndicates that they are doing in a similar way, because each of the members can share the standard of recognition and behavior of things. This lifestyle is about societyTimeIf it is differentDiversityIt can be said that understanding different cultures means having different cultures. Differentiation occurs in the same society, and from thereclass,階層If occursValuesWill also be diversified, and this will allow multiple lifestyles to appear in a single society.
The term lifestyle is an Austrian psychologistAlfred Adler Introduced by the meaning of "the basic character of a person established in childhood" .. Lifestyles in the broader sense of "the way and way of living" have been discussed since 1961.. Lifestyle is a combination of specific and abstract elemental decisions. The specific factors areDemographicsVariables related to demographic variables, that is, the demographic profile of an individual, and abstract factorsValues-hobby・It is related to the psychological aspect of the individual, such as how to see things.
In recent years, due to global environmentally conscious, cyclical and homeostatic global efforts, widespread transmission of infectious diseases, natural disasters, and political trends in each country, complex and diverse lifestyles that are more dependent on social capital Is unfolding, whilerefugeesAnd in traditional jungles, etc.Indigenous peopleThere is a more cultural and civilized element than including the lifestyle of the people, and the mass production and consumption activities are shifting to the minimum necessary stage.
Lifestyles are generally personal attitudes, way of life, values,View of the worldIs reflected. Therefore, the lifestyle is自己Cultural that cultivates awareness and resonates with individual identitysymbolIs a means of creating. Not all aspects of lifestyle are voluntary. The social and technical systems that surround us can also constrain the lifestyle choices an individual can take and the symbols that can be projected on others or on themselves..
In modern societies, the line between personality identity and everyday conduct of a particular lifestyle is becoming blurry... For example, "green lifestyle" means to reduce resource consumption,Ecological footprintIt means having a belief in reducing harmful emissions, taking action, and at the same time gaining self-consciousness to obey these beliefs and actions... Some argue that consumer behavior is the cornerstone of modern lifestyle building. This is because the use of various products or services that characterize different ways of life gives us the possibility to create ourselves and become more personal..
Lifestyles also include views on politics, religion, health, affection, etc. All of these aspects play a role in shaping one's lifestyle.
Lifestyle in media culture
The “lifestyle,” which is the recycling of the style of art into the cultural industry, embodies how the once aesthetic category, which had once been negative (shock/openness), was transformed into the quality of product consumption. ..
In our draft we touched on "popular culture". By replacing the expression with "cultural industry", we preliminarily excluded interpretations that could be agreed with the supporters of the following opinions. In other words, the opinion is that it is something like a culture that naturally arises from the masses themselves, a modern form of popular art.
Media culture in advanced capitalism generally creates new lifestyles to encourage consumption of new products.
Diversity appears more effectively in the mass media than it used to be, but it's not the obvious and indisputable news. By the late 1950s, homogenization of awareness was counterproductive for the purpose of capital expansion. In other words, it was necessary to create new needs for new products, and to do so, it was necessary to reintroduce the minimum negativity that had been eliminated. The worship of novelty, which had been a privilege of art throughout the modern times until the postwar era of unity and stabilization, reverted to the expansion of capital where it originally occurred. However, this negativity is neither shocking nor liberal because it does not presume a change in the basic structure of daily life. On the contrary, the capital, through the cultural industry, diachronically in the constant production of new "differences" products, and synchronically in the promotion of an unprecedented "lifestyle". It has been adopted.
Lifestyle research history
Lifestyle studies can be divided into three main categories:.
Lifestyle and social status
Early studies of lifestyles emphasized the analysis of social structure and the relative status of individuals within it.Sourcetin VeblenAccept specific "frames of life", especially certain patterns of "declarative consumption," according to their desire to differentiate themselves from the social classes that they consider lower than themselves, and to compete with those considered higher. I advocated this viewpoint with the concept of "competition".
Max WeberRegarded life style as a characteristic element of a hierarchical group that was closely linked to the dialectic of recognition of prestige. That is, lifestyle is the most prominent sign of social difference (even within the same social class), and in particular it shows the prestige that an individual thinks or desires to enjoy. is there.
Georg SimmelConducts a morphological analysis of lifestyles, but at the heart of it is the process of personalization, self-identification, differentiation, and cognition. It can be understood that this is a process of creating a lifestyle that acts "vertically" and "horizontally", and at the same time, an effect created by the lifestyle.
FinallyPierre BourdieuRevamped this approach in a more complex model. Here, the lifestyle was created mainly in social practice and was closely tied to individual tastes.HabitusIt illustrates the basic points of interrelationships with processes related to.
Lifestyle as a way of thinking
The approach to understand the lifestyle as the first way of thinking isPsychoanalysisHas its origin in the area of. First, according to Alfred Adler, a framework that develops early in life and guides an individual's values and principles of action defines a judgment system that affects that person's behavior throughout his/her life. In, the lifestyle is understood as the style of personality.
Later, especially in the studies of Milton Rochech, Arnold Mitchell, and Lynn Karl, analysis of lifestyle in the form of profile analysis of values developed. As a result, it was hypothesized that it would be possible to find models of various values scales organized in a hierarchy, with different groups of people corresponding to them.
Following this, Daniel Yankelovic and William Wells appeared, with an analysis from both a synchronic and diachronic perspective, and an interpretation based on sociocultural trends in a given social context. We have moved to the so-called AIO approach, which regards (attitudes), interests, and opinions as basic building blocks of lifestyles.
Finally, further research has led to the so-called profile trend approach, whose core lies in the analysis of the relationship between mental and behavioral variables. This bears in mind that sociocultural trends have an influence on both the dissemination of various lifestyles of people and the emergence of interactions between various modes of thinking and behavior. Is.
Lifestyle as behavior
The analysis of lifestyle as a general form of behavior is characterized in that the level of behavior is considered as an essential element rather than as a mere lifestyle derivative, or at least as a secondary component.
First, this approachAnthony GiddensMainlyConsumer behaviorAttention was paid to, and the acquired product was regarded as an object that expressed the individual's self-image and the view of their own position in the society in a physical dimension.
This perspective was then expanded to focus on the level of daily life more comprehensively, paying attention to the use of time and leisure in particular, and the interaction and behavior between the positive and routine aspects of choice. I began to study the organizational processes of the structures that characterize the level of.
Finally, researchers such as and A.J.Vill have decided to set a dimension of analysis for behaviors that the recipient accepts as behaviors that are particularly meaningful and characteristic, rather than daily behaviors. Proposed an approach.
- Adorno, Theodor W. (1991). Belnshtein. Ed. The Culture Industry: Selected Essays on Mass Culture. Psychology Press. ISBN 9780415253802
- Berzano, L .; Genova, C. (2015). Lifestyles and Subcultures. History and a New Perspective. London: Routledge. two:10.4324/9781315692685. ISBN 978-1138911017
- Giddens, A. (1991). Modernity and self-identity: self and society in the late modern age. Cambridge: Polity Press. ISBN 978-0804719445
- Giuffrâe, K .; DiGeronimo (1999). Care and Feeding of Your Brain: How Diet and Environment Affect What You Think and Feel.Career Press
- Kahle, Lynn R .; Gurel-Atay, Eda (2014). Communicating Sustainability for the Green Economy. New York: ME Sharpe. ISBN +978-0-7656-3680-5
- Kahle, Lynn R .; Close, Angeline G. (2011). Consumer Behavior Knowledge for Effective Sports and Event Marketing. New York: Routledge. ISBN +978-0-415-87358-1
- Ropke, I. (1999). “The Dynamics of Willingness to Consume”. Ecological Economics: 399-420.
- Shukla, SL; Dashrath (1984-10-01). “ON A CLASS OF CERTAIN ANALYTIC FUNCTIONS”. Demonstratio Mathematica 17 (4). two:10.1515 / dema-1984-0410. ISSN 2391-4661.
- Spaargaren, G .; VanVliet (2000). “Lifestyle, Consumption and the Environment: The Ecological Modernisation of Domestic Consumption” ”. Environmental Politics 9 (1): 50-75.
(I.e.(Kankouchi) isTourismTravelFor the purpose of recreation and sightseeing calledTravelOr for travelers,History-culture-NATURELandscapeTourist assets such as are properly maintained,TransportationInstitutionshotelIt means an area where tourists can be accepted.
Therefore,National park内 のNATUREprotectionAreas such as areas where people cannot enter, historical and cultural heritage,world HeritageEven if it is registered in, etc., it is not a tourist destination if it does not have a system for accepting tourists due to transportation and accommodation facilities. However, among these, those that are being developed for the purpose of disclosure and that are ready for general tourists to appreciate sightseeing assets such as history, culture, and natural scenery that are prerequisites for sightseeing are tourist destinations. Become.
Many of these tourist destinationsTourism AssociationOrganize groups such as to attract tourists for the purpose of sightseeing, natural scenery andHistoric siteWe carry out various maintenance projects such as tour guides, accommodation guides, and garbage collection in the area.
Incidentally,Theme park,amusement park Theamusement facilitiesIt is not a tourist resort because it is not a facility for sightseeing and recreation. However, some theme parks are adjacent to tourist spots, and some of them are accommodation facilities, cultural facilities, etc.