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🐈 | Demonstration experiment that allows pets to be taken out of their cages on the Shinkansen = China Net "It is still impossible at the cultural level of China"


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Demonstration experiment that allows pets to be taken out of cages on the Shinkansen = China Net "It is still impossible at the cultural level of China"

 
If you write the contents roughly
On the 21st at Weibo on Twitter in China, an account said, "The first pet-only Shinkansen train in Japan was operated.
 

It has been reported in China that a demonstration experiment was recently conducted in Japan to operate a Shinkansen train exclusively for passengers with pets ... → Continue reading

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Shinkansen vehicle

Shinkansen vehicle(Shinkan Sensharyo)Shinkansen OfvehicleTo describe.In normal businessPassenger trainUsed asElectric trainHowever, it occupies most of the Shinkansen trains[1]..Various technologies have been introduced for high-speed driving.Other than sales, for maintenance and emergencyBusiness vehicleThere is also a Shinkansen train as[1].

Construction

Car body

Conventional lineOne of the features of the full-standard Shinkansen train is that the size of the car body is larger than that of the Shinkansen train.[3]..Of railroad carsCross sectionThe size is specified for each lineVehicle limitAlthough it is limited by, the vehicle limit is different between the full standard Shinkansen and the conventional line.[4]..Assuming that the height is measured from the top of the rail, each vehicle limit is an approximate value, and the width of the conventional line is 2.95. m × The height of the full-standard Shinkansen is 4 m for the height of 3.4 m × the height is 4.5 m.[5].Vehicle lengthThe conventional line is 20 m, while the full standard Shinkansen is 25 m.[6]. However,Mini bullet trainShinkansen train400 series,E3 series,E6 seriesHas the same body size as the conventional line vehicle because it also runs on the conventional line.[3].

To reduce weightUnderframeNot only is it a structure that maintains strength throughout the vehicle body.0 series-100 series-400 series-E1 seriesThen, in the material of the car bodyOrdinary steelIs used[7]..For Tohoku / Joetsu Shinkansen200 seriesFirst time inaluminumWas adopted.This is to suppress the weight increase due to snow resistant equipment.[8]..The Shinkansen trains developed after the privatization of JNR have become more common in aluminum bodies, and the development of aluminum material processing methods has made it possible to reduce production costs and further reduce weight.As a result, recent vehicles are significantly lighter than the early Shinkansen trains developed during the JNR era.During high-speed drivingtunnelAn airtight structure is adopted for the vehicle in order to prevent a decrease in habitability due to atmospheric pressure fluctuations such as entering the vehicle.

The current price of Shinkansen trains is said to be about 1-2 million yen per car.In addition, the manufacturer that manufactures (was) Shinkansen trainsJapanese vehicle manufacturing[Annotation 1]-Kawasaki Heavy Industries[Annotation 2]-Hitachi, Ltd.[Annotation 3]-Kinki Vehicle[Annotation 4]-Tokyu vehicle manufacturing[Annotation 5]-General vehicle manufacturing plantYokohama office[Annotation 6]-Mitsubishi Heavy Industries[Annotation 7]7 companies.Very few,JR Central Hamamatsu FactoryBut100 seriesHas been manufactured.

Top shape

Generally, to determine the shape of the head of a high-speed vehicleAerodynamicsFactors based on become important[9]..The aerodynamic phenomenon affected by the top shape is during drivingAir resistance, Pressure fluctuation when passing trains, train wind when passing trains, noise due to aerodynamic noise,Tunnel micropressure waveand so on[9]..Shinkansen trainsRunning resistanceFor reductionAir resistanceLess isStreamlineThe leading shape of is adopted[10]..That is, the shape is such that the tip of the vehicle is sharpened and gradually spreads in a smooth curve while gradually shifting to the shape of the passenger compartment.Such a leading shape is "nose"[11]And "nose"[12]I also call it.As a result of aiming to reduce air resistance in this way, the leading shape of the 0 series and 200 series of the early Shinkansen trainsPassenger planeIt became a shape similar to the nose of[13][14].

On the other hand, among the above problems, while advancing the speeding up of the Shinkansen,Tunnel micropressure waveBecomes a particular problem[9].100N seriesThe maximum design speed of 270 km / hHowever, due to the problem of micro-pressure waves, commercial driving at this speed was abandoned.[15]..In addition, micro-pressure waves became a problem when starting 200 km / h running on the 275 series.[16]..In order to suppress the micro-pressure wave, it is effective to lengthen the nose part at the front part and gradually increase the cross-sectional area from the tip part to the normal cabin part.[17]..Such a design is thoroughly implemented in the 300 series, which achieved 500 km / h operation on the Sanyo Shinkansen, which has many tunnels.[18][17], Of the leading vehicleVehicle lengthThe tip occupies 3/5 of[19]..The driver's cab is like the cockpit of an airplane in order to achieve both the adoption of such a long head and the securing of visibility and space.CanopyIt is a mold[20].

The length of the front part of the 500 series, which is 3/5, was a factor in the success of the speed improvement, but there were also problems such as the abolition of the passenger compartment door behind the driver's seat, the abolition of the deck, and the reduction of the cabin area. Caused[21]..For this reason, research to reduce the length of the head as much as possible while taking measures against micro-pressure waves has been conducted.Super computerIt was found that it is effective to keep the rate of change of the cross-section constant in addition to reducing the rate of change of the cross-section at the tip.[11]..This finding was first incorporated in the development of the E1 series.[20]..In addition, since reciprocating operation is performed as a characteristic of railway vehicles, it is necessary to consider the aerodynamic characteristics when the front part is located at the end.[22]..As a result of repeated improvements in consideration of the above two points, the head shape called "Aero Stream" was developed and adopted in the 2 series.[23]..As a result, the same cabin area and seating arrangement as the 300 series have been secured, and the cabin door behind the driver's seat has been maintained.[21].. The 700 series, which is based on the 800 series, also has a different head shape from the 700 series, but the cross-sectional area change rate is kept the same as the 700 series.[24].

Maximum operating speed 285 km / hIn developing the N700 series from 300 series to 700 km / h, the aero stream type was not enough, so further research on the shape of the head part was advanced.[23].Genetic algorithmThe optimum head shape was determined by incorporating the above, and a head shape called "Aero Double Wing" was developed, which is more three-dimensionally complicated than the aero stream type.[25]..By adopting this aero double wing type, the same guest room area and door arrangement as the 300 series and 700 series can be maintained.[26].

series0 series100 series300 series500 series700 series800 seriesN700 series
Start of commercial operation1964/1985/1992/1997/1999/2004/2007/
Head length of Shinkansen train
(From the tip to the entire cross section)
3.9 m [27]4.8 m [27]6 m [27]15 m [27]9.2 m [27]9.2 m [27]10.7 m [27]
series200 series400 seriesE1 seriesE2 seriesE3 seriesE4 seriesE5 series/H5 seriesE6 seriesE7 series/W7 series
Start of commercial operation1982/1992/1994/1997/1997/1997/2011/2013/2014/
Head length of Shinkansen train
(From the tip to the entire cross section)
3.9 m [28]9.4 m [28]9.1 m [28]6 m [28]11.5 m [28]15 m [28]13 m [28]9.1 m

Cab

Located in the front of the leading vehicle, it is a section where the driver drives the vehicle.Cab[29] The Shinkansen train has the following features.

Early Shinkansen train0 series,100 series,200 seriesIs designed so that two drivers and an assistant can be on board the cab, with the driver's seat on the left side and the assistant's seat on the right side when facing the direction of travel.[30][31]..However, the driving operation itself can be performed by only one driver.[30].N700 seriesIn recent Shinkansen such as, the driver's cab is premised on one driver's crew, and the assistant's seat is abolished.[32].. The N700 series driver's seat is designed to be located almost in the center of the car body.[32].

In front of the driver's seat, just like a regular trainMaster controllerWith the handle (mascon handle)brakeHandles are placed[33].Conventional lineBecause there are many opportunities to apply the brakes on the train利 き 手The right side, which is the side with the highest proportion, is the brake handle, and the mascon handle is the left hand side.[33]..The opposite is true for Shinkansen trains, where the driver has a mascon handle on the right hand side and a brake handle on the left hand side.[30]..In the case of the Shinkansen, there are few opportunities to apply the brakes except when the train is stopped at the station, and after the train departs from the station, speed adjustment by operating the mascon occupies most of the driving operation, so such an arrangement is adopted.[33]..Also, on conventional lines, the mascon handle and brake handle are integrated.One handle masconHowever, in the Shinkansen, the mascon and the brake are divided into two parts continuously from the 0 series.[34]..Also, on the right side of the mascon handle, there is a small handle called a reverse handle or a forward / backward handle.[35][36]..This is for switching when changing the direction of travel of the train, it is not operated while driving[37].

Display driving speedSpeedometerIt is,Automatic train controllerThe permissible speed specified by (ATC) is also displayed above, and for vehicles of 100 series or later, the speed is shown by both the horizontally long bar graph display and the digital display.[38][30].. In the 100 series and 0 series before 200 series, the hands move sideways to indicate the speed, and the idea of ​​displaying the speed in the horizontal direction instead of the speed display like a circular clock is the vehicle after 100 series. Is common with[30][34]..Since the Shinkansen has a wide range of operating speeds, it is designed in this way to make it easier to recognize the speed.[34]..In recent years, the speedometer is displayed on the liquid crystal display on the Shinkansen, and many other instruments are also displayed digitally, so that the driver's cabGlass cockpitIs progressing[34][33].

The front glass of the vehicle that the driver checks ahead is a bird or a bird to protect the driver.Stepping stonesStrengthened to withstand the collision of[39][30]..Due to such enhancements, the 0 series, 100 series, and 200 series of early Shinkansen trainsBulletproof glassAdopted a front glass made by laminating two sheets[30].

To protect the driver and to secure the front view, the driver's seat is installed at a higher position on the Shinkansen train.[30].. In the 0 series, 100 series, and 200 series, the height of the driver's eyes is about 3.5 m.[30], The highest position among Shinkansen trains[40].300 seriesAfter that, the driver's cab will be in a slightly lower position, but consideration is given to ensuring visibility.[40]..Also, in order to ensure visibility, the tilt angle of the front glass is designed to be at least a certain angle so as to avoid light reflection.[41]..Restrictions on ensuring forward visibility in the driver's cab, such as these, also affect the determination of the shape of the head of the Shinkansen.[42].Hokuriku ShinkansenThen on the front glassHeating wireIs embedded and devised to melt the snow on the glass.[43].

Double-decker vehicle

100 series-200 seriesSome vehicles ofE1 series-E4 seriesThen all the vehicles2 storiesIt has become.From the viewpoint of ensuring vehicle strengthE4 seriesExcept for, it is made of ordinary steel, but the E4 series is made of aluminum alloy to reduce the weight of the car body.Since there is not enough space to mount the equipment under the floor, an equipment room will be installed above the floor.

Traveling equipment

On the Shinkansen, "powered by multiple vehicles"Power distribution methodIs adopted.By adopting the power distribution method,Electric trainSimilar to the method, the advantages of improved acceleration / deceleration capacity, weight reduction, and reduction of load on the track are being pursued.In addition, for high-speed operation, electric cars in train formation (Motor vehicle) Ratio (MT ratio) Is as large as possible.

Incidentally,LocomotiveUnpowered byPassenger carTow "Power concentration method'[Annotation 8]The advantages and disadvantages of the power distribution method in comparison with are as follows.

  • The power distribution method is advantageous in terms of track construction and maintenance.Japan is a mountainous country and tends to have a weaker ground than other countries.This is because if the power concentration method is adopted in that case, it becomes necessary to strengthen the track and road base in order to cope with the weight of the motor vehicle.
  • In the past, the power distribution method had the disadvantage of being disadvantageous in terms of cost compared to the power centralized method.This is because the power distribution method increases the initial cost and maintenance cost as a result of increasing the number of electrical components such as motors installed in the vehicle.However, at the beginning of the 21st century, there is an advantage over the centralized power system (there are cases where the new generation TGV and ICE are also shifting to the power distributed system).The reason is that in the centralized power system, from the viewpoint of braking from the high speed range, mechanical brakes are also used for accompanying passenger cars.Eddy current brakeIt is necessary to install unnecessary equipment (that is, equipment that becomes heavy) during power running.On the other hand, in the power distribution method, the mounted equipment is used not only for power running but also for non-power running, for example, during deceleration.The efficiency of using this device isVVVF inverter controlIntroducing induction motors by adoptingPure electric brakeThis was made possible by the practical application of.In particular,Sales outside JapanThen, the cost of the power distribution method may still be a problem.

Basically, the main controller between multiple vehicles,Motor generator/,air compressorA unit system is adopted in which major devices such as these are centrally and distributed.

To avoid the negative effects of snow200 seriesThen.Body mount structureWas adopted.In order to apply this structure to reduce noise in the underfloor area and improve maintainability,100 series-300 series-400 seriesThen, the method of smoothing the underfloor equipment with a simple cover plate was adopted.500 series-E1 seriesFrom, it was changed to a closing plate that is integrated with the car body.

Traction motor / control device

0 seriesThen,DC motorWe adopted a low-pressure tap control method that uses.100 series-200 series-400 seriesThen.Thyristor phase control methodIt has evolved into, but it uses a DC motor.

300 seriesLater,Cage three-phase induction motorTo use.It is lighter and has higher output than a DC motor.Variable voltage variable frequency control (VVVF control)Is adopted, but it is used for control equipment.Semiconductor elementUntil the mid-1990sGTOWas the mainstream.After that, the performance was improved.IGBTsIs the mainstream. In the 2020ssiliconHigher withstand voltage and higher speed operation is possible instead of the element, and it can be used even at high temperatures.Silicon Carbide A (SiC) element was adopted.

series0 series100 series300 series500 series700 series800 seriesN700 series
Start of commercial operation1964/1985/1992/1997/1999/2004/2007/
electric motorDC motorAC motor
方式 御 方式Low pressure tap controlThyristor
Phase control
VVVF control
(GTO)
VVVF control
(IGBT)
series200 series400 seriesE1 seriesE2 seriesE3 seriesE4 seriesE5 seriesE6 seriesE7 series
Start of commercial operation1982/1992/1994/1997/1997/1997/2011/2013/2014/
electric motorDC motorAC motor
方式 御 方式Thyristor
Phase control
VVVF control
(GTO)
VVVF control
(GTO / IGBT)
VVVF control
(IGBT)

Brake system

In the 0 series, the brake command is sent by the air pressure of the direct pipe (SAP pipe).Electromagnetic direct brakeWas used, but after the 100 series, a brake command is sent by the voltage and current flowing in the command line.Electric command type brakeIs using.When braking, electric brakes and basic brakes are used together, but for vehicles with a wide speed range such as the Shinkansen, there is a large difference in the adhesion coefficient (friction coefficient) of the wheels between the high speed range and the low speed range (the adhesion coefficient is high in the high speed range). (Small and large adhesion coefficient in the low speed range) There is a danger of wheel skid if the brakes are applied in the high speed range with the same braking force as in the low speed range.Therefore, a large deceleration cannot be obtained at high speeds.[44]..Therefore, according to the indicated speed of ATC, the electric brake and the basic brake are automatically adjusted so that the weak brake operates in the high speed range and the strong brake operates in the low speed range, and skids are generated on either wheel. If so, it is equipped with a slip sticking detection device (equivalent to ABS of a car) that detects it, weakens the braking force of the vehicle for a short time, and activates the brake again when the skid disappears.[44]..Further, the electric brake is mainly used for deceleration from the high speed range, and it is possible to suppress the wear of the basic brake.The test vehicles E954 and E955 were equipped with catgirl-type aerobraking, but they have not yet been adopted in commercial vehicles.

Shinkansen trains are equipped with conventional trains as a backup.Automatic brakingNo device is installed.This is to simplify the air brake control device by reducing the number of pull-through air pipes in the train as much as possible. , Brake handle extraction position, Emergency brake circuit failure, Original air useless pipe pressure 590 kPaIn the following cases, it is a mechanism that operates when the overhead line power failure at the time of replacement, insufficient braking force, and emergency brake switch (UBS) are handled. Is demagnetized, the emergency solenoid valve and the emergency solenoid valve of the brake control device of each car are also demagnetized at the same time, the supply valve is opened, air pressure is supplied to the brake device of each car, and the emergency brake is activated.

Electric brake

Electric braking, which applies braking by using a motor as a generator, converts the generated electricity into heat with a resistor.Dynamic brakeAnd return to the overhead lineRegenerative brakeThere is.400 seriesUntil then, dynamic braking was installed, but VVVF inverters have been put into practical use.300 seriesSubsequent vehicles will be equipped with regenerative braking.

Basic brake

Attached to the front and back of the wheel or the axleDisc brakeIn addition, a wheel disc brake that operates stably from the high speed range is adopted by pressing the brake relining with a hydraulic cylinder and a lever.

Since the accompanying vehicle does not have a motor (motor), electric brakes cannot be used.For that purpose, some series (100 series-300 series-700 series)Eddy current disc brakeHowever, because the weight of the brake itself is heavy, the Shinkansen train newly built by JR East andN700 seriesNot used in.The electric vehicle bears part of the brakes of the accompanying vehicleDelay controlMay be adopted.

Trolley

For ShinkansenTrolley OfWheelbaseIt is,Narrow gaugeWheelbase 2,100 as standard on conventional lines mmIn contrast, the standard wheelbase for the Shinkansen is 2,500 mm.[45].railRun directlyWheelThe wheel diameter of the first Shinkansen train is from 860 mm on the conventional line.0 seriesWas enlarged to 910 mm[46]..The tread slope of the wheels has also been changed from 1/20 slope of the conventional line to 0/1 slope in the 40 series.[46]..These changes are due to high speed drivingHuntingWas done to suppress the occurrence of[46]..Regarding the wheel diameter, after that300 seriesWas reduced to 860 mm[47]..This is for the purpose of weight reduction, and it is possible to reduce the size of the traction motor.[48]..However, for double-decker vehicles that require a larger traction motor outputE1 series,E4 seriesThe wheel diameter remains 910 mm[49]..Test vehicles with a wheelbase of 3,000 mm and wheel diameters of 1,000 mm have been tested to support higher speeds, but have not been put into practical use due to problems such as increased weight. ..

The axle box support method differs mainly depending on the railway operator that owns each type of Shinkansen.0 series owned by JNR,100 series,200 seriesIn the IS formula was used[50].. Owned by JR Central300 series,700 series,N700 seriesIn, the cylindrical laminated rubber type with coil spring was used.[51][52].. Owned by JR East400 series,E1 series,E2 series,E3 series,E4 seriesIn the parallel leaf spring type was used[50][53].. Owned by JR West500 series,700 seriesIn the shaft beam type was used[51].. Owned by JR Kyushu800 seriesIn the shaft beam type was used[51].

As for the body support method, the direct mount method is used for the 0 series, 100 series, and 200 series, and the bolsterless method is used for the subsequent vehicle types.[54]..Support the car bodyPillow springIs for all vehicle typesAir springIs used[55].

Research on bolsterless bogies began in the 1980s due to demands for weight reduction and high speed of bogies. Implementation tests on the 0 series and 100 series have been conducted many times.300 seriesIt was put into practical use in.

Current collector

All commercial vehicles operated on the Shinkansen are trains.Current collection methodIs allOverhead train line systemAnd on the car body sideCurrent collector ThePanda graphIt has become.On the Shinkansen, compound catenary is adopted for the overhead line structure except for some parts.[56], Installed along the railway linesubstationConverted bySingle-phase alternating current25,000 VIs collecting electricity[57].

Conventional lineAs a feature of the current collector of the Shinkansen train when compared with, it is a panda graph by high speed running.LiftThere is a point that it is necessary to take measures against the generation of noise due to generation and aerodynamic noise.[58]..In the 0 series of the first Shinkansen train, the lower frame crossing type pantograph was adopted for the first time in order to reduce the air resistance by downsizing called the framework.[59].

With windbreak due to a significant improvement in operating speed compared to conventional lines(English editionIs a very loud cause of noise[Annotation 9]It was.Therefore, from around 19900 series-100 series-200 seriesA pantograph cover is attached to the 100 series and 200 series.Extra high pressure lead lineThe number of pantographs actually used will be reduced (6 units → 2 or 3 units).Improved driving speed300 seriesHas been fitted with a pantograph cover since it was newly manufactured.

However, it turns out that noise is generated from the cover attached to prevent noise from the pantograph, and that the vehicle body shakes and the ride quality deteriorates.Therefore, a new pantograph that replaces the lower frame crossing type pantograph is required.

Appeared in 1996500 seriesThen.Wing-shaped pantographWas developed.Seen from the front, it looks like a T-shape.The noise from the pantograph itself is reduced by making the cross section of the hull into a wing shape and the structure supporting it into an elliptical shape.This made it possible to reduce the size of the cover.However, because it was expensive, it did not spread to other series.

Appeared in 1999700 seriesA single arm pantograph and an insulator cover were adopted for the.This single arm pantograph and insulator cover300 seriesIt will also be installed in the form of a retrofit. Introduced in 2005N700 seriesWill be equipped with an improved single-arm pantograph that can travel 300 km / h.

Appeared in 2001E2 series 1000 seriesThen, we adopted a structure that completely eliminates the insulator cover by making the insulator oval.this is800 seriesIt is also used in.

Furthermore, in the E320 series that operates at 5 km / h, the number of trains isTokaido Shinkansen-Sanyo ShinkansenSince there are less than 10 cars and improvements have been made to prevent derailment due to the multiple division of the rubbing plate, current collection by only one panda graph was realized.[60][61]..This further reduces noise.[61]..In addition, the side sound insulation board, which was abolished after the E2 series 1000 series as a Shinkansen train of JR East, was adopted again in the E5 series.[61].. Even in the E6 series, there are changes such as the side sound insulation plate being downsized, but the current collection of one unit is the same, and the basic design of the E1 series is followed.[61].

Commercial vehicle

In 1964Tokaido ShinkansenFor a while after opening0 seriesThe operation period was long, and a total of 38 cars were manufactured while making the 3,216th minor change.afterwardsTohoku Shinkansen-Joetsu ShinkansenAt the same time as the opening200 seriesAfter the privatization of JNR, a large number of vehicles for new routes and vehicles for the purpose of improving services on existing routes were manufactured, and various types of vehicles have come to be operated.

編成も東海道新幹線開業時は12両編成、1970年以降は16両編成が原則となっているが、その他の区間では様々な編成が見られる。2016年現在、両数では東北新幹線の「やまびこ」(E2系J編成10両)+「つばさ」(E3系L編成7両)、「はやぶさ」(E5系・H5系10両)+「こまち」(E6系7両)の17両が最長である[Annotation 10].

The history of Shinkansen commercial vehicles and their transitions are shown below.

Table: Shinkansen successive commercial vehicles and their transition
形式Maximum operating speedAge distribution
the 1960sthe 1970sthe 1980sthe 1990sthe 2000sthe 2010sthe 2020s
0 series220 km / h[*1]1964-2008
100 series220 km / h[*2]1985-2012
300 series270 km / h1992-2012
500 series300 km / h[*3]1997-
700 series285 km / h1999-2020
800 series260 km / h2004-
N700 series300 km / h2007-
N700S series300 km / h2020-
L0 series505 km / h2027 Goal-Planned
200 series240 km / h[*4]1982-2013
400 series240 km / h1992-2010
E1 series240 km / h1994-2012
E2 series275 km / h[*5]1997-
E3 series275 km / h[*6]1997-
E4 series240 km / h1997-2021
E5 series/H5 series320 km / h[*7]2011/[*8] -
E6 series320 km / h[*9]2013-
E7 series/W7 series260 km / h2014/[*10] -
E8 series300 km / h2024 Goal-Planned
OperatorNational Railways (1964-1987)JR companies (1987-)
  1. ^ Increased from 1986 km / h in 210.
  2. ^ Some 230 km / h.
  3. ^ The 8-car train is 285 km / h.
  4. ^ Increased from 1985 km / h in 210.Part 245-275 km / h.
  5. ^ Some 260 km / h.
  6. ^ Some 240 km / h. In September 2012, all trains were unified to 9 km / h.
  7. ^ Increased from 2014 km / h in March 3.
  8. ^ H5 series 2016-
  9. ^ Increased from 2014 km / h in March 3.
  10. ^ W7 series is 2015-

Shinkansen from Tokyo to West Japan

0 series
The first vehicle on the Tokaido / Sanyo Shinkansen.From the opening of the Tokaido Shinkansen1986/Up to, a total of 38 cars were manufactured with 3,216th minor changes.Therefore, there are various specifications depending on the year of manufacture.The maximum speed at the time of appearance is 210 km / h, but later100 seriesIt was raised to 220 km / h.
All-electric vehicle systemIs adopted, in units of 2 carsOrganizationCan be increased or decreased.Standard Vehicles-Green carIn addition, a vehicle that provides a light meal service called a buffet was incorporated, and it appeared in a 12-car train.afterwards,1970/ OfOsaka Expo16-car trains have appeared to support transportation.1975/IsSanyo ShinkansenAccording to the opening of all lines,Dining carWas incorporated.
On the other hand, the Sanyo Shinkansen, which has a smaller transportation scale than the Tokaido Shinkansen, has been shortened to meet demand.At the end of the Japanese National Railways1985/In the Sanyo Shinkansen "echoA 6-car train with only ordinary cars is now available. Since becoming JR West, the 4/6/8 cars have undergone in-car improvements such as seating in a row for 12 people.Waist hikari"Has also appeared.In his later years, a 4-car train was added, and it was used exclusively for "Kodama".
1999/Due to the replacement with a successor vehicle, commercial operation on the Tokaido Shinkansen was terminated.2008/ToN700 seriesIt became a surplus due to the addition of500 seriesBy replacing it with, the commercial operation of the Sanyo Shinkansen was also terminated.This is the first disappearance type of Shinkansen train for commercial use.
100 series
1985/, Manufactured over a long period of time and obsolete0 seriesIt appeared as the first model change vehicle of the Shinkansen for the purpose of replacing.1,056 cars were manufactured by JR Central and JR West, which were born by the Japanese National Railways and privatization.
Although the commercial operation speed was only 10 km / h, which is 220 km / h faster than before, the output of the motor was increased.New brakeBy adopting, 16 cars out of 4 car formationAccompanying vehicle(Vehicles without motors) Reduce manufacturing costs.Accommodation has been improved in the car, and the seat spacing has been expanded to allow the seats for three people to rotate for the first time, as well as a private room.[62]..Also, for the first time on the Shinkansen2-story vehicleIt is a big feature that two cars are incorporated in a green car or a dining car. In JR West, "2 cars in the formation are double-decker vehicles.Grand HikariThe formation was also manufactured.The Grand Hikari formation is also called the 100N series, and the maximum speed has been improved to 230 km / h.
The end of business on the Tokaido Shinkansen2003/.. This was a measure to raise the maximum speed of all trains to 270 km / h due to the large increase in the number of Nozomi trains.On the Sanyo Shinkansen, after the "Grand Hikari" was abolished in 2002, the double-decker vehicle was removed and shortened to 2 or 4 cars and used for "Kodama", but in March 6,N700 seriesIt became a surplus due to the expansion of the 7000 series700 seriesBy replacing with 7000 series300 seriesAt the same time, commercial operation was terminated on the Sanyo Shinkansen.
In addition, the leading car of X formation and the dining carLinear/Railway building, "Grand Hikari" organization dining car and green car, leading carHakata General Vehicle StationIt is exhibited and stored in.Hakata's items are not open to the public except at the time of the event.
300 series
A vehicle developed by JR Tokai to speed up the Tokaido Shinkansen.1992/3/14Commercial operation started in. Manufactured not only by JR Central but also by JR West1998/Up to 1120 cars (61 / 976 in Tokai, 9/144 in western Japan) were manufactured.
The maximum speed has been raised to 270 km / h, and with this vehicle, "Nozomi"Appears.By connecting Tokyo Station and Shin-Osaka Station in 30 hours and 2 minutes, which is about 30 minutes faster than before, we have achieved a significant time reduction.1993/We also started to board the Sanyo Shinkansen, connecting Shin-Osaka Station and Hakata Station in 17 hours and 2 minutes, 32 minutes earlier than before.
The car body is replacing the conventional steelAluminum alloyIn addition to being adopted, resin parts were actively used in the car, resulting in a thorough weight reduction. Also,Inverter controlUsedAC motorAdopted the oldDC motorCompared to the above, the size and output have been increased.On the other hand, the 2-car train was made up of only ordinary cars and green cars, without incorporating the dining car, which had been declining in use, and the double-decker car, which hinders weight reduction and lowering of the center of gravity.
Achieved a significant reduction in travel time by improving the maximum speed300 seriesHowever, due to the introduction of successor vehicles one after another2001/Is out of the regular operation of "Nozomi".After that, the operation of "Hikari" and "Kodama" became the main operation.2007/ToN700 seriesThe car was scrapped when the introduction of the car started.
In March 2012, both the Tokaido and Sanyo Shinkansen lines ended commercial operation, and all trains retired.There are no short trains.
500 series
This vehicle was developed by JR West for the purpose of further speeding up the Sanyo Shinkansen, and achieved the first 300 km / h operation of the Shinkansen.1997/Started operation as "Nozomi" that runs directly between Tokyo Station and Hakata Station, and the time required between Shin-Osaka Station and Hakata Station.300 seriesIt was set to 15 hours and 2 minutes, which is 17 minutes earlier.
To achieve high-speed operation of 300 km / h0 seriesSince then, all electric cars have been organized and the output has been increased.Reduction of air resistance and noise, tunnel explosion caused by high-speed operation (Tunnel micropressure wave), The car body has a circular cross section with rounded corners to reduce the cross-sectional area, and the leading car has a canopy-shaped cab with a long nose of 15 m. The feature is that they are different. Nine 16-car trains, a total of 9 cars, were manufactured.
As the fastest vehicle on the Sanyo Shinkansen, it has been operated mainly on the "Nozomi" that connects Tokyo Station and Hakata Station.2007/More successorN700 seriesGradually handed over its operation to2010/The commercial operation on the Tokaido Shinkansen and the operation on "Nozomi" were terminated.The number of surplus vehicles has been reduced to eight, and since 80 seriesInstead of, it started operation as "Kodama" of the Sanyo Shinkansen.
700 series
100 seriesA vehicle manufactured as a replacement for.1999/3/13Started commercial operation. Vehicles compatible with 285 km / h driving (Sanyo, 270 km / h on the Tokaido). Shifted to joint development by JR Central and West Japan (JR West's vehicles are in the 3000s).
500 seriesWas able to operate at 300 km / h on the Sanyo Shinkansen, but had problems such as high manufacturing costs and restrictions on the interior space due to the emphasis on aerodynamic performance.also,Linear conditionOn the inferior Tokaido Shinkansen300 seriesIt stayed at 270 km / h, which is equivalent to that of the above, and the performance commensurate with the cost could not be demonstrated.Therefore700 seriesThe focus was on cost-effectiveness, raising the level of the Tokaido / Sanyo Shinkansen as a whole, and improving ride comfort and comfort.The maximum speed is500 seriesThe head shape was set to 285 km / h, which was slightly suppressed, and a unique shape similar to that of a platypus was adopted.This shape suppresses tunnel micro-pressure waves while minimizing the effect on the vehicle interior space.
As a 16-car train for "Nozomi", 1,200 cars (60 cars / 960 cars in Tokai, 15 cars / 240 cars in West Japan) were manufactured by JR Central and JR West.Currently, it is also used for "Hikari" and "Kodama".As a derivative model, the 7000 series (8-car train, XNUMX-car train) exclusively for the Sanyo ShinkansenHikari Rail StarFor) manufactured by JR West, as well asTaiwan High Speed ​​RailFor700T type,Kyushu ShinkansenFor800 seriesAnd laterN700 seriesThere are many vehicles based on this series.2012/With the introduction of the N700 series minor change car, the N700A, the car was scrapped, and as of March 2020, commercial operation on the Tokaido Shinkansen was terminated.
700 series 7000 series
Enrolled only in JR West.0 seriesIt was operated by the modified car of "Waist hikariInstead of ""Hikari Rail StarThe organization manufactured for.2000/3/10Started commercial operation.
It is as short as an 8-car train to meet the transportation demand of the Sanyo Shinkansen section.The external color is700 seriesIn addition to the difference, the interior has 4 rows of reserved seat cars, and of the reserved seat cars, car 8 closer to Shin-OsakaCompartment seatsIt has become.Due to the small capacity, we cannot enter the Tokaido Shinkansen.
In 2011N700 seriesWith the introduction of the 7000 and 8000 series, the number of flights has decreased significantly by replacing the "Hikari Rail Star" with the "Sakura".Therefore, it is now used in "Kodama" except for some flights.
800 series
2004/3/13It is a vehicle manufactured in line with the partial opening of the Kyushu Shinkansen. 6-car train.The basic structure is700 seriesIs based on, but exists within the section 35PermillSteep slope[63] All cars are electric cars because they pass through.
The design isEiji MitookaBy hand.The top shape is based on the design that was not adopted in the competition when designing the 700 series.The interior design is very different from the 700 series, and the design is based on the basic concept of "Japanese". The seats are all four-row seats, wood is often used for the interior parts including the seats, and the interior color is persimmon astringent color / ancient lacquer. Traditional colors such as colors are used.
"" Operates only within the Kyushu Shinkansen sectionSakura""SwallowIs used in.You cannot enter the Sanyo Shinkansen in commercial operation.The only vehicle of all timeTokyo StationIt is a format that has no history of entering the line.
N700 series
700 series"Fastest, comfortable, and environmentally friendly"[64] A vehicle that aims to further improve performance with the keyword "." By joint development of JR Tokai and JR West,2007/Started commercial operation.
By reducing weight, improving aerodynamic performance and increasing motor output,500 seriesSince then, it has made it possible to operate at 300 km / h on the Sanyo Shinkansen.Although the maximum speed on the Tokaido Shinkansen remains at 270 km / h, which is the same as before, the required time has been shortened by improving acceleration performance and introducing the first body tilting device on the Shinkansen.The appearance is700 seriesHowever, the head shape called aero double wing, the connecting part that reduces air resistanceAll around, Small windows, largeFull color LEDIt is characterized by the destination display by.In addition, all seats in the car are non-smoking, and a smoking room has been set up for smokers.
500系・700系に代わり主に「のぞみ」への投入が続いており、2012年までに1552両(東海で81本・976両、西日本で16本・256両)が製造され、2013年から15年にかけて全般検査の際にN700Aに準じた仕様に改造された。
N700 series 1000 series / 4000 series (N700A)
Introduced from February 2013, 2.The maximum speed in the Tokaido Shinkansen section was set to 8 km / h by operating the vehicle body tilting device even if R = 5000 or less, and the braking distance was shortened by adopting a centrally fastened disc brake.In addition, the existing N285 series for Tokaido / Sanyo direct communication was remodeled according to N700A.The total number of N700 series produced exceeded 700 on the way to expansion.
N700 series 7000 series / 8000 series
2011/ OfKyushu ShinkansenA vehicle manufactured for direct trains on the Sanyo and Kyushu Shinkansen with the opening of all lines. There are 7000 series owned by JR West and 8000 series owned by JR Kyushu. With 8-car train800 seriesSimilar to the Kyushu Shinkansen 35 per mil steep slope section[63] It is an all-electric car formation to run on.Furthermore, since there are active volcanoes such as Sakurajima, the gearbox of the dolly is made airtight to prevent volcanic ash.
There are 5 rows of unreserved seats for ordinary cars and 4 rows of reserved seats for green cars and ordinary cars.Wood products are used for a part of the interior, and traditional colors are used for the interior.
"Sanyo / Kyushu Shinkansen direct"Mizuho""Sakura""SwallowIn addition to being used for "", it is also used for some trains that return within the Sanyo Shinkansen and the Kyushu Shinkansen.
N700S series
The next Shinkansen train of the Tokaido / Sanyo Shinkansen will start commercial operation in 2020.The appearance is not much different from the N700 series (N700A), but there are many differences in details such as the blue band on the side of the car body extending to the driver's seat and the shape of the light being different.There are also changes in the on-board equipment.[65]Appeared as a replacement for the early N700 series.There are also plans to remodel the N700 series from the 1000 series and 4000 series (N700A). (It is unknown whether it will be incorporated into the N700S series)[66]
N700S series 6-car train (number undecided)
Scheduled to open in the fall of 2022West Kyushu Shinkansen(Nagasaki Shinkansen)Takeo Onsen Station - Nagasaki Stationwhile"SeagullA new model vehicle for.Since the service section is short, there are no green cars, and there are 3 cars with 6 unreserved seats and XNUMX reserved seats.It is unknown whether there is a smoking room.
L0 series
A vehicle manufactured for commercial use on the Chuo Shinkansen. Since 2013, we have been conducting running tests on the Yamanashi Maglev Test Line.
2015年4月21日、加速距離約20キロで603 km/hを記録。2020(令和2年)8月17日、950番台走行試験開始。

The specifications of the above Shinkansen business vehicles are summarized in the table below.Those with multiple specifications depending on the format showed typical values ​​unless otherwise specified.

Table: Specifications of Tokaido / Sanyo / Kyushu / Chuo Shinkansen business vehicles
形式0 series100 series300 series500 series700 series800 seriesN700 seriesL0 series
Formation at the time of new production12 cars/16 cars16 cars16 cars16 cars16 cars/8 cars6 cars16 cars/8 carsUnknown
Maximum speed (km / h)210 (220 *)220/230 *270300/285 *285260300505
Formation mass (16 cars)967 t839 t ・ 852 t *711 t688 t708 t700 t420 t
Body materialOrdinary steelAluminum alloy
Organization output
(16-car train)
11,840 kW
(16M) *
11,040 kW
(12M4T)
12,000 kW
(10M6T)
17,600 kW
(16M)
13,200 kW
(12M4T)
06,600 kW
(6M) *
17,080 kW
(14M2T)
Primary on the ground
linear
Sync
motor
electric motorSeries winding commutator motorCage three-phase induction motor
First year of manufacture1964/1985/1992/1997/1999/2004/2007/2013/
Production number3,216 cars1,056 cars1,120 cars144 cars1,328 cars54 cars(2,993 cars *)(14 cars *)
Maximum number of enrolled cars2,338 cars1,056 cars1,120 cars144 cars1,328 cars54 cars(Manufactured number-1 car)
Remarks
  • The maximum speed of the 0 series was raised to 1986 km / h in 220.
    • Since the 0 series continued to be manufactured when the car was scrapped, the number of manufactured cars and the maximum number of enrollments do not match.
  • Numbers with * in the 100 series indicate 100N series (Grand Hikari formation).
  • In the composition outputMTIndicates the number of electric vehicles (vehicles with motors) and trailers (vehicles without motors) during formation.
  • The number of cars manufactured is the total value of JNR, JR Central, JR West and JR Kyushu.
  • Numbers with * in the 500 series indicate the 7000 series (V formation, 8 cars).
  • 800 series is the formation output at the time of 6-car formation.
  • The number of cars manufactured for the N700 series is the number of 2019-car trains (including N16A) and 700-car trains by 8.Of these, the 8-car train is 240 cars. N700S is not included.
    • 783-2059Tokaido Shinkansen fire incidentThe first generation was scrapped in an accident and the second generation was remanufactured.The number of cars manufactured includes the original 2 cars and one remanufactured car.
  • The number of L0 series manufactured is the number of inputs by 2015.

Shinkansen from Tokyo to northern Japan

200 series
The first vehicle on the Tohoku-Joetsu Shinkansen,1982/6/23Commercial operation started in. As of 2007, many of the cars were scrapped, and some of them were still in existence after life extension work and paint changes.At the time of appearance, it was 12 cars, but as of 2008, it is a 10-car train.[Annotation 11]was.E5 seriesWithdrew from the Tohoku Shinkansen on November 2011, 11 due to the expansion of the equipment.Even after that, there was room for operation due to the expansion of the E18 system.E2 series,E4 seriesDue to the replacement with, the regular operation of the Joetsu Shinkansen was terminated on March 2013, 3, and the commercial operation was terminated on April 15, 4.As a result, all Shinkansen trains from the JNR era disappeared, and all commercial vehicles on the Shinkansen disappeared.Variable voltage Variable frequency control (VVVF inverter control)It became.
400 series
A vehicle for direct operation to the Yamagata Shinkansen. 19927/1The first mini-shinkansen vehicle that started commercial operation in Japan.6 cars at the time of appearance, 7 cars later.Long time ago200 seriesI was running on the Tohoku Shinkansen in conjunction with the K formation, but after thatE4 seriesIt became a combined operation with only. In addition to being used in most of the "Tsubasa", it was also used in the "Eggplant" in the early morning and at night.2008/12からE3 seriesThe replacement with the 2000 series has progressed,2010/4/18The business operation was terminated with.
E1 series
A total double-decker vehicle that appeared with the aim of strengthening transportation capacity, "MaxOne of the vehicles called.1994/7/15However, due to the length of the 12-car train, it could not be combined with the Mini-Shinkansen vehicle, so the production was limited to a small number.E4 seriesWithdrew from the Tohoku Shinkansen with the appearance of. Since 2006, only new painted cars have been available.It was used in most of the Joetsu Shinkansen "Max Toki" and "Max Tanigawa".
Initially, it was planned to be manufactured as "600 series", but in order to avoid conflicts of model numbers between JR companies, it is a policy of JR East.Vehicle model numberThe numbering method of is changed.For this reason, "600 series" is a missing number.
From March 2012E5 seriesThere was a margin in operation due to the expansion ofE4 seriesDue to the replacement with, the regular operation was completed on September 2012, 9, and the business operation was terminated with the retirement commemorative group train "Goodbye E28MAX Toki (driving between Tokyo and Niigata)" on October 10, 28.
E2 series
Tohoku Shinkansen200 seriesIt appeared on March 1997, 3 with the purpose of replacement and the opening of the Hokuriku Shinkansen (between Takasaki Station and Nagano Station). 22-car or 8-car train (only 10-car train at the time of appearance). Used in "Asama," "Hayate," "Yamabiko," and "Nasuno."The Hokuriku Shinkansen formation is equipped with a decelerating brake to prepare for the peculiar continuous downward slope (up to 8 ‰).1998/From to 2004, it was also operated on the Joetsu Shinkansen, but from January 2013, 1, it resumed operation by replacing the 26 series.
Vehicles for "Asama" do not have a merging mechanism (except for the N21 formation modified from "Yamabiko"). Some trains of "Yamabiko" allocated to the 1000s will also operate the Yamagata Shinkansen "Tsubasa" between Tokyo Station and Fukushima Station.In the past, there was also a regular operation "Hayate" that goes to Shin-Aomori Station (between Tokyo Station and Morioka Station, which is operated in combination with the Akita Shinkansen "Komachi"). Due to the replacement with the E7 series, the Hokuriku Shinkansen ended commercial operation on March 2017, 3.
Based on this series for speeding up railways (conventional lines) in ChinaCRH2 typeIs used with vehicles in France and Germany.
E2 series 1000 series
The structure has been changed from No. 0 to adopt a double skin structure entirely, and the pantograph has also been changed from a lower frame crossing type to a single arm type.The window is also a large window like the final model of No. 0 because it is mainly used for the Tohoku and Joetsu Shinkansen HzDedicated.
E3 series
It appeared on March 1997, 3 as a vehicle for the Akita Shinkansen, and will be used as the Akita Shinkansen "Komachi" (22-car train at the time of appearance, 5-car train later).Long time ago200 seriesK formationE2 seriesIt was running on the Tohoku Shinkansen in conjunction with, but now it isE5 seriesPerform combined operation with.
Used in "Yamabiko" and "Nasuno" by combining with E5 series.E6 seriesDue to the replacement with, the business operation from the Akita Shinkansen was terminated on March 2014, 3.
E3 series 1000/2000 series
It appeared in December 1999 as a vehicle for the Yamagata Shinkansen, and 12 trains (3 series) were added for the extension between Yamagata Station and Shinjo Station.Also, as mentioned above400 seriesIn 2008, 12 trains (2000 series) were added to replace the.Furthermore, in 2014, there is a formation that was incorporated into the 1000 series by remodeling the 0 series for the Akita Shinkansen as a replacement for the initial 1000 series car.Mainly used as the Yamagata Shinkansen "Tsubasa" (7-car train).Long time ago200 seriesK formationE4 seriesIt was running on the Tohoku Shinkansen in conjunction with, but now it isE2 seriesCombined operation with only 1000 series.
The 1000s and 2000s are commonly used, and like the 400 series, they are also used as "eggplants" in the early morning and at night. Painting changes have been implemented since 2014.
E3 series 700 series Toreiyu
This is a modified E3 Series R18 train for the Akita Shinkansen as a vehicle for the sightseeing train "Toreiyu". Commercial operation started on July 2014, 7 as a special train "Torei Yutsubasa" on the Yamagata Shinkansen.The first Shinkansen trainJoyful TrainThe theme was "enjoy the train journey while strolling like a hot spring town".It was operated about 120 days a year, mainly on Saturdays and holidays. The service ended on March 2022, 3 with "Thank you, he is Toreiyu, his Tsubasa Finale".[67].
E3 series 700 series Genbi Shinkansen
Sightseeing train "Genbi ShinkansenThis is a modified E3 Series R19 train for the Akita Shinkansen. Commercial operation started on April 2016, 4 as a special train (part of "Toki") on the Joetsu Shinkansen (between Echigo Yuzawa Station and Niigata Station). It is a joyful train of Shinkansen trains following "Toreiyu" and "runs".MuseumIs the concept.It was operated about 120 days a year, mainly on Saturdays and holidays. Service ended in December 2020[68].
E4 series
With a total of double-decker vehicles,E1 seriesIt is also called "Max". 199712/20Tohoku Shinkansen, 20015/7Started commercial operation on the Joetsu Shinkansen. Basically, it was an 8-car train, and a 2-car train with two trains connected was also operated.It was mainly used on the Tohoku Shinkansen "Max Yamabiko" and the Joetsu Shinkansen "Max Toki" and "Max Tanigawa".Only some trains can enter the Hokuriku Shinkansen.E5 seriesDue to the expansion of the Tohoku Shinkansen, business operation was terminated on September 2012, 9.After that, it was operated only on the Joetsu Shinkansen, and after 28, it was changed to a new paint. Due to the replacement with the E2014 series, the service ended on October 7, 2021.As a result, all double-decker vehicles on the Shinkansen disappeared.
E5 series / H5 series
E954 type "FASTECH 360 S"It was developed based on the results of the driving test in. From March 2011, 3, it started commercial operation as "Hayabusa" on the Tohoku Shinkansen.Later, it was introduced to "Hayate," "Yamabiko," and "Nasuno."E3 series,E6 seriesCombined operation with is also started. Commercial operation at 2013 km / h started on March 3, 16. From March 320, 2014, it started commercial operation at 3 km / h due to the combination with the E15 series.
2016 year 3 month 26 dayHokkaido Shinkansen-Shin-Hakodate HokutoAt the time of the extension opening, the H5 series (owned by JR Hokkaido) with the same specifications as the E5 series started commercial operation, and the E5 series also started to enter the Hokkaido Shinkansen.
E6 series
E955 type "FASTECH 360 Z"A new model vehicle for the Akita Shinkansen, which was developed based on the results of driving tests in Japan. From March 2013, 3, commercial operation started as "Super Komachi" on the Akita Shinkansen. From March 16, 2014, the train name will be unified to "Komachi", and it will be a full standard section.E5 seriesSimilarly, commercial operation at 320 km / h was started.All vehicles on the Tohoku Shinkansen (except for the Yamagata Shinkansen) will be unified to E5 or E6 series.
E7 series / W7 series
Hokuriku Shinkansen commercial vehicle. The series name of JR East owned by E7 series and JR West owned by W7 series are given. From March 7, 2014, the E3 series was introduced in advance to "Asama" between Tokyo and Nagano, which also serves as an old replacement for the E15 series. Hokuriku Shinkansen Nagano on March 2, 2015- KanazawaAt the time of opening the extensionKagayaki""Hakuta""SwordThe operation was expanded to each train, and the W7 series also started commercial operation. Like the E2 series, it is equipped with a decelerating brake to prepare for a continuous downward slope.
From March 2019, 3, the E16 series started commercial operation on the Joetsu Shinkansen "Toki" and "Tanigawa" in the form of replacing the E4 series and E2 series.
E8 series
Scheduled to be introduced in the spring of 2024 as a new vehicle for the Yamagata Shinkansen.

The specifications of the above Shinkansen business vehicles are summarized in the table below.Those with multiple specifications depending on the format showed typical values ​​unless otherwise specified.

Table: Specifications of Tohoku, Hokkaido, Joetsu, Yamagata, Akita, Hokuriku Shinkansen business vehicles
形式200 series400 seriesE1 seriesE2 seriesE3 seriesE4 seriesE5 series/H5 seriesE6 seriesE7 series/W7 seriesE8 series
Formation at the time of new production12 cars6 cars12 cars8/10 cars5 ―― 7 cars8 cars10 cars7 cars12 cars7 cars
Maximum speed (km / h)210 - 275 *240240275275240320*320*260 - 275 *300 (planned)
Organization capacity (name)749 - 12353991235630 - 813338 - 402817731336934355 (planned)
Knitting mass230 t318 t692.3 t366-440 t258.6 t428 t453.5 t306.5 t540 t
Body materialAluminum alloy *Ordinary steelAluminum alloy
Organization output7360 --12880 kW
(8 -14M)
5040 kW
(6M)
9840 kW
(6M)
7200 --9600 kW
(6-8M)
4800 --6000 kW
(4M)
6720 kW
(4M)
9600 kW
(8M)
6000 kW
(5M)
12000 kW
(10M)
electric motorSeries winding commutator motorCage three-phase induction motor
First year of manufacture *1980/1990/1994/1995/1995/1997/2009/2010/20132022
Production number700 cars84 cars72 cars502 cars261 cars208 cars630 * Both168 cars492 * Both105 * Both
Maximum number of enrolled cars700 cars84 cars72 cars502 cars261 cars208 cars(Manufactured number-10 car)168 cars(Manufactured number-120 car)
Remarks
  • The double-decker 200 series H train (2 6-car trains) is made of ordinary steel.
  • The first year of production is the year of completion of the mass-produced preceding cars (E1, E4, and E7 series are the first mass-produced cars).
  • M and T in the formation output indicate the number of both electric vehicles (vehicles with motors) and accompanying vehicles (vehicles without motors) during formation, respectively.
  • The maximum speed of the 200 series was raised to 1985 km / h in 240 (excluding E / G trains).
  • The maximum speed of the E5 series (single only) was raised to 2013 km / h in 320.
  • The maximum speed of the E6 series (including the combined E5 series) was raised to 2014 km / h in 320.
  • E5 series is being expanded.The final number of trains (E5 series: 590 cars, H5 series: 40 cars) is shown.note thatRailway Museum (Saitama City)のE514-9001はレプリカで鉄道車両として入籍していないので製造両数から除外。H5系が地震によるTohoku Shinkansen derailment accidentで10両廃車。
  • E7 series is being expanded.The final number of trains (E7 series: 372 cars, W7 series: 132 cars) is shown.
  • The maximum speed of the E7 and W7 series is scheduled to be raised to 2023 km / h in 275.First Year of Reiwa East TyphoonNagano Shinkansen rolling stock centerDue to the submergence of the E7 / W7 series due to the damage caused by the disaster, 8 cars of 96 cars of 2 trains in East Japan and 24 cars in 120 trains in West Japan were scrapped.
  • Production of the E8 series is scheduled to start after the fall of 2022.Write down the final number of formations.Due to changes in demand after the corona epidemic, the number of trains was reduced by 2 from the original plan (17 trains 119 cars → 15 trains 105 cars).

Test / prototype vehicle

Mock up


Commercial vehicle (Doctor Yellow, etc.)

  • 911 type diesel locomotive(For relief)
  • 912 type diesel locomotive(For towing and relief.DD13 type diesel locomotiveStandard gauge)
  • DD18 type diesel locomotive(Russell typeSnowplow.DD51 type diesel locomotiveRussell head car of DE15 type diesel locomotive(Double-track double-headed type) standard gauge)
  • DD19 type diesel locomotive(Rotary snowplow. Standard gauge version of DD17 diesel locomotive)
  • 941 type(Relief vehicle modified from 1000 type test vehicle A formation)
  • 921 type 0 series (track inspection car. Towed by 911 type)
  • 922 type 0 series (1000 type test vehicle B formation modified electric test car.Doctor yellowT1 formation)
  • 922 type 10 series (JNR → owned by JR Central)0 seriesA comprehensive electric and track test vehicle based on the 16th vehicle. 921 type 11 built-in.Doctor Yellow T2 formation. (Scrapped due to the appearance of the 923 T4 train)
  • 922 type 20 series (JNR → owned by JR West)0 seriesA comprehensive electric and track test vehicle based on the 26th vehicle. 921 type 21 built-in.Doctor Yellow T3 formation. (Scrapped due to the appearance of the 923 T5 train)
  • 923 series 0 series(Owned by JR Central700 seriesBase electric and track comprehensive test vehicle.Doctor Yellow T4 formation)
  • 923 series 3000 series(Owned by JR West700 seriesBase electric and track comprehensive test vehicle.Doctor Yellow T5 formation)
  • 925 type 0 series (200 seriesA comprehensive electric and track test vehicle based on. 921 type 31 or 32 built-in.Doctor Yellow S1 organization. The Tohoku version of the 922 type has a yellow body and a green band. E926 type "East i" was scrapped due to the appearance)
  • 925 type 10 series (remodeled 962 type Shinkansen test train. 921 type 41 built-in. Doctor Yellow S2 organization. E926 type "East i" was scrapped)
  • E926 type(E3 seriesBase electric and track comprehensive test vehicle. S51 formation. You can enter all standard gauge sections of JR East.The color of the car body is different from the previous Doctor Yellow, and the design is white and red.Nicknamed "East i")
  • 931 type(Hopper car for ballast spraying. Two types, a modified version of the Hoki 800 on a conventional line and a newly built one)
  • 935 type(Brake van that also serves as a rescue vehicle)

な ど

Vehicles classified as freight cars remain only on the Sanyo Shinkansen.On the Tokaido ShinkansenMotor carBecause it was treated the same as1993/It has been completely abolished.

footnote

注 釈

  1. ^ Excluding 800 seriesTokaido-Sanyo-KyusyuManufactures all types of Shinkansen vehicles and 200 series and E2 series.
  2. ^ CurrentlyTohoku-Joetsu ShinkansenManufactured all types of commercial vehicles for equal use, and in the past also manufactured all types of commercial vehicles for the Tokaido, Sanyo, and Kyushu Shinkansen except the 800 series.
  3. ^ Manufactures all types except E3 series and E926 type.
  4. ^ Manufactures all types of commercial vehicles for the Tokaido, Sanyo, and Kyushu Shinkansen except the 800 series, and the 200 series and W7 series.
  5. ^ Later, after changing the company name to Yokohama Kanazawa Properties,Tokyu Electric RailwayMerged with.Japan Transport Engineering Company (former company name: New Tokyu Vehicle) inherited the railway vehicle business, and during the Tokyu Vehicle eraNational railwayIt manufactured all types of commercial Shinkansen trains and 400 series, E2 series, and E3 series.
  6. ^ Manufactures only E7 series.
  7. ^ Of the test car300X / 955 typeAnd linear vehicle under testL0 seriesOnly the first car of.
  8. ^ EuropeHas been widely adopted inPush-pull methodAlso belongs to this format.
  9. ^ Eight pantographs were installed in the 0 series 16-car train.
  10. ^ In the past, there were 200 cars of "Yamabiko" (10 series K formation 400 cars) + "Tsubasa" (7 series 3 cars or E1000 series L formation 7 series 17 cars).
  11. ^ In addition, there are 13 cars (2 car of double-decker cars connected) to 1 cars (16 cars of double-decker cars connected) (H formation) and 2 cars (part of G / K formation). It existed.

Source

  1. ^ a b Railway Technical Research Institute. “Shinkansen train". Railway terminology dictionary. 2015/9/13Browse.
  2. ^ Introduction to railway vehicle technology, p. 40.
  3. ^ a b The best way to understand the Shinkansen, p. 12.
  4. ^ Introduction to railway vehicle technology, pp. 39–40.
  5. ^ The best way to understand the Shinkansen, p. 13.
  6. ^ The best way to understand the Shinkansen, p. 14.
  7. ^ The best way to understand the Shinkansen, p. 178.
  8. ^ Illustration ・ TGV vs. Shinkansen, p. 245.
  9. ^ a b c Introduction to railway vehicle technology, p. 38.
  10. ^ Shinkansen science, p. 102.
  11. ^ a b Illustration ・ TGV vs. Shinkansen, p. 184.
  12. ^ Illustrated ・ New generation railway technology, p. 77.
  13. ^ [Illustration] The Shinkansen is best understood, p. 44.
  14. ^ Introduction to railway vehicle technology, p. 39.
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  16. ^ World high speed rail, p. 178.
  17. ^ a b [Illustration] Railway technology, p. 127.
  18. ^ [Illustration] Railway technology, p. 125.
  19. ^ World high speed rail, p. 179.
  20. ^ a b Iida 2013, p. 30.
  21. ^ a b Railway technology vol.1, p. 32.
  22. ^ The best way to understand the Shinkansen, p. 45.
  23. ^ a b The best way to understand the Shinkansen, p. 46.
  24. ^ Railway technology vol.1, p. 33.
  25. ^ Railway technology vol.1, p. 58.
  26. ^ Railway technology vol.1, p. 50.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g [Illustration] Railway technology, p. 129.
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  69. ^ Test vehicle for the realization of the next-generation Shinkansen E956 type "ALFA-X" New construction To verify the possibility of operating up to 360km / h JR East

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