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😀 | Tanga Market "Temporary Enclosure" Children's Illustrations Exhibited About a month after a large-scale fire Kitakyushu City, Fukuoka Prefecture


Children's illustrations displayed at Tanga Market "Temporary Enclosure" Kitakyushu City, Fukuoka Prefecture, over a month after a large-scale fire

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About 10 children of the victims participated in this initiative, which was planned to improve the image of such a temporary enclosure.

In April, illustrations of children were exhibited in a temporary enclosure set up in the Tanga Market in Kitakyushu City, where a large-scale fire broke out ... → Continue reading

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    About 10 children

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    Victim(disaster victim,British: Victim, Disaster victim)disasterIt is the person (people) who met.Earthquake-typhoonEtc.Natural disasterAndACCIDENT-事件Etc.Man-made disasterIncludes people who have met.However, in the case of an incident or accidentvictimIt is often distinguished from the victims.

    Classification of victims

    1970/5/31 OfAncash earthquakeIn the book "Victimization in natural disaster. Disasters" (published in 1980), which studied the victims of the disaster, the victims are classified into the following four groups.

    1. Primary victims
      → People (or people) who have suffered some loss due to the effects of the disaster
    2. Context victims
      → People (or people) who are directly or indirectly affected by the impact or consequences of a disaster
    3. Peripheral victims
      → People (or people) who have a strong relationship with the disaster area and are affected as a result
    4. Entry victims
      → People (or people) who have gathered from outside in the disaster area

    For example, in the case of a fire, "the person whose house was burned by the fire"Primary victims"The neighbor's house, which was not affected by the fire but suffered from odors after the disaster"Proximity victims, "Relatives with a connection to the house"Victims in the vicinityWill be.Also, "people who extinguish fires"Invasion victimsCan be.

    On the contrary,New ZealandI have a finer classification with my psychiatrist. For two peopleProximity victimsからInvasion victimsTheSecondary victimsからFourth victimAfter the XNUMXth disaster victimFifth victimとSixth victimIs provided.Fifth victims are people (or people) who are mentally distressed even if they are not involved in the disaster.The sixth victim is a person (or people) who has escaped direct damage but was indirectly or indirectly involved in the disaster.It has become.

    Applying the previous example,Fifth victim"People who have unpleasant feelings when watching the fire scene on TV broadcasts",Sixth victimCan be said to be "the cause of the fire is external and the person who created the cause".

    From the above, with the victims外部It turns out that it is difficult to find the boundary line with.Also,volunteerHowever, the victim cannot be called "the person who was at the center of the disaster".

    Relief for victims

    The relief for the victims is as follows.

    Psychosocial care

    Mental health activities required in the event of a disaster include the following:[1].

    1. Outreach (Mental health staff go to the disaster area and provide the assistance required in the field)
    2. Promotion of exchanges among local residents (holding plans such as "resident exchange meetings," "health counseling meetings," and "tea drinking parties")
    3. Establishment of a consultation service base (establishment of a consultation center where mental health specialists are stationed)
    4. Psychiatric symptom screening (Check items for simple screening are prepared to understand psychiatric symptoms)
    5. Continuation of activities (For victims who are expected to have a strong psychological impact, such as those who lost their families or were forced to relocate, we will continue to support them under the normal system)

    Triggered by the experience of the disasterPost-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) In many cases, the symptoms of sickness appear, and in such cases, appropriate treatment is given to support the victims (for details, see ".PTSD # treatment(See)[1]..In addition, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, dissociative disorder, etc. may develop as a secondary reaction of PTSD, and in such cases, appropriate treatment is provided to support the victims (see "Details".Depression # treatment"Obsessive-compulsive disorder #treatment"Dissociative disorder #treatment")[1].

    It is also necessary to provide social work support, including support by attendants for changes in daily life.[1].


    [How to use footnotes]
    1. ^ a b c d Akiko Koga, Masaharu Maeda (2013). Psychological and Social Problems and Treatment / Care of Disaster Victims and Crime Victims Akira Tsuda, Yukihiro Oya, Yoshihiko Tanno (eds.) Clinical Stress Psychology (pp. 212-229) Published by Tokyo University Meeting


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