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🥾 | A man slips down on Mt. Yufu in Oita and dies.


A man slips down on Mt. Yufu in Oita and dies.

If you write the contents roughly
The man was rescued by a disaster prevention helicopter that rushed near the top of the mountain and was taken to a hospital in Yufu City, but died about two hours later.

On the morning of the 29th, a man climbing a mountain slipped and died at Mt. Yufu in Yufu City, Oita Prefecture.The man was guiding climbers ... → Continue reading

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Firefighting disaster prevention helicopter

Firefighting disaster prevention helicopterWhat is (Shobobosai Helicopter)?FireWith prefectures to support activities and emergency activitiesTokyo Fire Department,Government-designated city OfFire department,Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Fire AgencyMedium / large size owned byhelicopterRefers to.
mainlyMountain rescue,Water rescue-Forest fire,WildfireFire extinguishing activities inAir ambulanceEtc. are used.


Fire Service Organization LawNow, the responsibility of the fire department市町村Is supposed to bearGovernment-designated citySome of the fire departments in Japan own and operate fire helicopters for firefighting activities and transporting suddenly ill people (City Fire Fighting Air Corps).In the case of Tokyo, it is outsourced by the municipalities.Tokyo Fire DepartmentOwns and operates.However, helicopter operation and maintenance is a heavy financial burden for small municipalities.Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsIn many areas, prefectures own disaster prevention helicopters on behalf of municipalities and set up prefectural disaster prevention aviation corps to support the operations of municipalities within their jurisdiction.In 8, for the purpose of promoting liaison and coordination of local governments and establishing an aviation firefighting disaster prevention system, each firefighting organization / prefecture operating a firefighting disaster prevention helicopter and the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications established the National Aviation Firefighting Disaster Prevention Council[1]Has been established.

In some areas, the Hyogo Prefectural Disaster Prevention Air Corps and the Kobe City Air Corps,Hiroshima City Fire DepartmentAnd Hiroshima Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air Corps,Miyagi Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsとSendai City Fire Fighting Air CorpsAs in the case, the disaster prevention aviation corps of prefectures and the fire aviation corps of ordinance-designated cities are set up and make agreements with each other.[2]Codeshare[3]..In this case, even if one helicopter cannot be operated due to maintenance, the other helicopter can always handle it.In the case of the Hyogo Prefectural Disaster Prevention Air Corps and the Kobe City Air Corps, joint operation began in 2004, and the Hyogo Prefecture aircraft will also be outsourced to Kobe City, making it the only prefecture in Japan and an ordinance-designated city to operate completely. ing[4]..In addition, it is often the case that similar agreements are concluded between neighboring prefectures to secure a support system and to complement each other during equipment inspections.

The disaster prevention aviation corps established by the prefecture owns the helicopter, but the firefighting activities have been seconded from the fire department of the municipality.FirefighterIt is carried out by (often with a fixed term of several years), and other operations and maintenance are often outsourced to private airlines.In this case, the pilot and mechanic of the crew will be employees of the contracted airline.Previously when it came to pilots and mechanicsPolice aviationIn many cases, it was outsourced to (Akita Prefecture is currently operating jointly with the police. Hokkaido is also scheduled to operate jointly with the police from 2022.[5]).In the case of voluntary operation, in addition to hiring pilots and mechanics directly in prefectures, there are also cases where they are dispatched by dispatching companies.However, if the training of pilots is outsourced to the private sector, it will cost up to 6000 million yen, so most of the direct hiresSDFRetired people, etc.Commercial pilotRely on someone with qualifications and flight experience[6]..In the case of mid-career hiring, the age group tends to be high, and the period until retirement age is short and unstable, so frequent hiring is required.Due to the shortage of private pilots, the cost of dispatching is also high.

Tokyo is its own fire department (Tokyo Fire Department) Is set up, so unlike other prefectures, a unique firefighter is enrolled.The organization that operates the helicopter also belongs to the fire department (under the equipment department)Tokyo Fire Department Air Corps), And the pilots, including the pilots and mechanics, are also employees of the Tokyo Fire Department, rather than being seconded from the municipalities or dispatched from other organizations.Fire schoolHas graduated from the field and has experience working at a fire stationFirefighterFrom (firefighter)Commercial pilotIs a person who has obtained a driver's license[7]..Even if you are hired as a pilot or mechanic qualified person, for several yearsFire departmentGain on-site experience.Many local governments have tight budgets and cannot take such a system, but in 2014 Nagano Prefecture, which was worried about securing pilots, decided to train pilots from firefighters in the prefecture with reference to the Tokyo Fire Department. , Hired a firefighter from the fire department of the prefecture as a prefecture employee and dispatched it to a specialized training institution to obtain a pilot license.[8].

Regarding the members of the disaster prevention aviation corps, they have been seconded from the fire department of the municipality.Rescue crewIs[9]..In addition, in the case of a firefighting aviation corps in an ordinance-designated city, a rescue team member in the fire department is selected and a dedicated aviation rescue team is assigned, depending on the case.Special Advanced Rescue TeamPre-designated units may board[10]. Also,ParamedicAt least one qualified member is to be on board[11].

Tokyo Fire Department Air CorpsAir rescue crewSpecial rescue teamExperienced captain, air ambulance crew (Paramedic) IsEmergency servicesSelected from those who have experience as captains, all of them have a rankAssistant Fire CommanderIs.In addition to air rescue personnelSpecial rescue team,Mountain rescue team,Fire and rescue task force(Hyper Rescue) is an air rescue team[12]It is designated as an aviation cooperation descent designated corps, and it will board a helicopter or support from the ground according to the case.Furthermore, in January 2016, it was an empty hyper rescue.Air Fire Rescue Task Force(Air Hyper Rescue) was founded.

At the Fire and Disaster Management Agency of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, in the event of a large-scale disasterEmergency fire support teamWe are conducting a business to deploy one helicopter to cities that can operate 24 hours a day, with the aim of enhancing and strengthening the equipment of.
As of July 2014Tokyo Fire Department Air Corps,Kyoto City Fire Department,Saitama Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air Corps, One aircraft is provided to the Kochi Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention Air Corps.AlsoGreat East Japan EarthquakeLost a disaster prevention helicopterMiyagi Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsAlso deployed in March 2013[13].


Safety standards

The safety standards for firefighting and disaster prevention helicoptersFire department Fire Service Organization LawIt was only "advice" based on, and the operational status was different for each municipality.[14].

Occurred in 2018Gunma Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsFrom the experience of "Haruna crash" from October 2019CaptainとCopilot"Double pilot system" operated by two people, to newly introduced aircraftFlight recorderThe new standards for mandatory installation and the placement of "operation managers" and "operation safety managers" have been summarized as "recommendations."
However, due to problems with securing personnel and budget, it will be implemented with some standards relaxed.[15].

Case of dispatching as wide area support

Activities in Japan

Overseas activities


Main deployment models

The model and number of helicopters deployed vary depending on each aviation corps, but the following models are used.

Bell Helicopter TextronCompany
Kawasaki Heavy Industries,MBBJoint development
Euro copterCompany
Euro copterCompany
Sikorsky AircraftCompany


Night vision device --Operated by the Self-Defense ForcesAir rescue teamIt has been adopted for the aircraft of, and it is also adopted overseas with infrared cameras etc.[20]It becomes an optical device that visualizes poor visibility.Enhanced vision systemIs also installed[20].

List of equipment owned by each prefecture / designated city

As of March 2021, 4, there are a total of 2 helicopters, including 5 helicopters from the Fire and Disaster Management Agency of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, 7 helicopters owned by the Tokyo Fire Department, 42 disaster prevention helicopters owned by prefectures, and 23 fire helicopters from the government ordinance city.
Only Okinawa Prefecture does not have a firefighting and disaster prevention helicopter, and studies are underway with the aim of introducing it within 2022, but the introduction is expected to be delayed to 2024.

The deployment status nationwide is as follows.

Prefecture namePossession
Number of aircraft
Holding institutionbaseNicknameModelFlight contractorRemarks
Hokkaido2Hokkaido Disaster Prevention Aviation OfficeOkadama AirportHamanasu 1
Hamanasu 2
AS 365 N3 +
Bell 412EP
Asahi YokoDoctor helicopter operation
Operates 2022 hours a day in collaboration with the Hokkaido Police from April 4[21]
1Sapporo City Fire Fighting Air Corps
(Sapporo City Fire Department)
Sapporo City Fire Department
Ishikari heliport
Satsuporo 1 (erased)
Satsuporo 2
--Doctor helicopter operation
October 2019, Satsuporo 10 (Bell 412EP) IsSaitamaKawagoe-shiI was undergoing regular inspections at a maintenance shop in Japan,
First Year of Reiwa East Typhoon(Typhoon No. 19)Oppe RiverFlooded due to the breach of the embankment
A large amount of muddy water flows into the hangar of the maintenance shop, and the aircraft is flooded by about XNUMX meters and worn out.[22]
Aomori1Aomori Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsAomori AirportShirakamiBell 412EPICentral Japan Airlines
Iwate1Iwate Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsHanamaki AirportHimekamiAW139[23]Toho AirlinesThe old aircraft is Bell 412EP
Miyagi1Miyagi Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsSendai AirportMiyagiAS 365 N3Tohoku Air ServiceMinistry of Internal Affairs and Communications Fire AgencyAircraft lent to Miyagi prefecture free of charge
The previous aircraft, Kawasaki BK117B-2, was worn out by the tsunami on March 2011, 3.
Under the Miyagi Prefecture Wide Area Air Fire Fighting Support Agreement, cooperation with the Sendai City Fire Fighting Air Corps when inoperable and 24-hour operation every other day
2Sendai City Fire Fighting Air Corps
(Sendai City Fire Department)
Sendai AirportSendai
Bell 412EP
Bell 412EP
Doctor helicopter operation from September 2010[24]
Under the Miyagi Prefecture Wide Area Aviation Fire Fighting Support Agreement, cooperation with the Miyagi Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air Corps when inoperable and 24-hour operation on alternate days
Akita1Akita Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention
Air Corps
Akita AirportNamahageBK117 C-2Akita Prefectural PoliceCodeshare with the Air CorpsUpdated from BK117 C-1 in 2018
Yamagata1Yamagata Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention
Air Corps
Yamagata AirportStruggleAW139Tohoku Air ServiceThe old aircraft is AS 365
Fukushima1Fukushima Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention
Air Corps
Fukushima AirportEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euAW139Central Japan Airlines
Ibaraki1Ibaraki Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsTsukuba HeliportTsukubaBK117 C-2Tsukuba Airlines
Tochigi1Tochigi Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention
Air Corps
Tochigi heliportOoruriAW139Honda AirlinesUpdated from Bell 2017EP in 412
Gunma1Gunma Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsGunma HeliportHarunaAW139[25][26]Asahi YokoHaruna (Bell 412EP) August 2018, 8Gunma OfKusatsu Shirane MountainCrash wear in the vicinity[27][28] AW2020 was delivered in December 12, inheriting the nickname "Haruna" from the summer of 139 and resuming operations.
Saitama3Saitama Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsHonda airportArakawa 2
Arakawa 3
Arakawa 4
AS 365 N3
Honda AirlinesDoctor helicopter operation (night operation and backup of dedicated aircraft)
Arakawa 1 (Eurocopter AS365) crashed and worn on July 2010, 7
Arakawa 4 isMinistry of Internal Affairs and Communications Fire AgencyAircraft lent to Saitama Prefecture free of charge
Saitama Prefecture Special Mobile Assistance Team (Saitama SMART)Registration
Chiba2Chiba City Fire Department
(Chiba City Fire Department)
Chiba City Fire Bureau HeliportDecoy 1
Decoy 2
AS 365 N3
AS 365 N3
Tokyo8Tokyo Fire Department Air CorpsTachikawa Airfield
Tokyo heliport
AS 365 N3
AS 365 N3
AS 365 N3
EC 225LP
EC 225LP
EC 225LP
Own operationDoctor helicopter operation (Izu Islands, etc.)
"Otaka" isMinistry of Internal Affairs and Communications Fire AgencyAircraft lent to Tokyo free of charge
"Hakucho" updated from AS 332 to EC 225
"Chidori" updated from AS 365 to AW 139[29]
"Hibari" updated from AS 332 to AW 189[30]
AS 332Will be updated ahead of schedule during 2019, at the time of the Tokyo Olympic Games 2020
Policy to strengthen the aviation firefighting system by increasing the current 9 to 8 aircraft as the 9th operating aircraft[31]
Kanagawa2Yokohama City Fire Bureau
Air fire brigade
Yokohama heliportHamachidori 1
Hamachidori 2
--Both aircraft updated from AS 2 to AgustaWestland AW365[32]
2019 year 9 month,Biwa Peninsula TyphoonYokohama heliport flooded by high waves caused by (Typhoon No. 15)
Hamachidori 2 is (AW139) Inoperable[33]However, after that, repairs and inspections were carried out and operation resumed.
2Kawasaki City Fire Department
(Kawasaki City Fire Department)
Tokyo heliportSoyokaze 1
Soyokaze 2
BK117 C-2
AS 365 N3 +
--Soyokaze 2 updated from Kawasaki BK 117B-2 to Airbus AS 365
Niigata1Niigata Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention
Air Corps
Niigata AirportHakuchoAW139Asahi YokoUpdated from Sikorsky S-76 to AgustaWestland AW139
Toyama1Toyama Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention
Air Corps
Toyama AirportToyamaAW139Toho AirlinesThe old aircraftBell 412EP
Ishikawa1Ishikawa Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention
Air Corps
Komatsu AirfieldHakusanBell 412EPKagoshima International Aviation
Fukui1Fukui Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsFukui AirportBlue ArrowBK117 C-2[34]Central helicopter service[35]Aircraft update in April 2016
Yamanashi1Yamanashi Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention
Air Corps
Japan Aviation Academy Futaba Gliding FieldAkafujiS-76DJanetUpdated from S-2018B in 76
Nagano1Nagano Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention
Air Corps
Matsumoto AirportJapan AlpsBell 412EPI
Janet[37]Bell 412EP (JA97NA) Nagano Prefecture on March 2017, 3Mt. HachibuseyamaCrash and wear in the mountains[38][39] SUBARU brought in the Bell 2020EPI in 412 and started operation in 2021 under the name of the Alps.
Gifu2Gifu Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsGifu AirfieldWakaayu I
Wakaayu III
BK117 C-2
Bell 412EP
Central helicopter service[35]Wakaayu IIIGifu Prefectural PoliceCodeshare with
September 2009, 9 One aircraft crashed and worn[40]
Shizuoka1Shizuoka Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention
Air Corps
Shizuoka HeliportOrange arrowAW139Shizuoka Air CommuterJA9933, which was entrusted to the Shizuoka Prefectural Police Air Corps, is no longer used
Unit 2019 updated in 2
1Shizuoka City Fire Department
(Shizuoka City Fire Department)
Shizuoka HeliportKingfisherBell 412EP--
1Hamamatsu City Fire Department
(Hamamatsu City Fire Department)
Hamamatsu City Fire HeliportHamakazeAS 365 N3--Operation was suspended from October 2018 to April 10 in order to aim for a two-person operation system at all times.[41]
Aichi1Aichi Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsNagoya AirfieldWakashachiBell 412EPICentral Japan AirlinesThe old aircraft is Bell 412EP
2Nagoya City Fire Fighting Air Corps
(Nagoya City Fire Department)
Nagoya AirfieldNobunaga
AS 365 N3
AS 365 N3
--Nickname changed from "Nagoya" to "Nobunaga" and "Nagoya 2" to "Hideyoshi" by open call for participants.
Mie1Mie Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsTsu City Isewan HeliportMieAW139Central Japan AirlinesThe old aircraft is Bell 412HP
Shiga1Shiga Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsOsaka Airlines Hino HeliportluteAS 365 N3Osaka Airlines
Kyoto2Kyoto City Fire Fighting Air Corps
(Kyoto City Fire Department)
Kyoto Fire Department HeliportAtago
AS 365 N3
AS 365 N3
--Atago is 2011Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Fire AgencyIs an aircraft that was lent to Kyoto Prefecture free of charge.
Mitsubishi ElectricThe world's first helicopter-mounted satellite communication system developed byHelisatThe first machine equipped with
Osaka2Osaka Municipal Fire Fighting Air Corps
(Osaka City Fire Department)
Yao AirportOsaka
AS 365 N3
--Osaka is from AS365,Airbus HelicoptersUpdated to H155[42]
Hyogo3Kobe City Aircraft Corps
(Kobe Municipal Fire Department)
Hyogo Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention
Air Corps
Kobe AirportHYOGO ・ KOBE-1
BK117 C-2
BK117 C-2
BK117 C-2
Joint operation of Kobe Municipal Air Corps (Kobe Municipal Fire Department) and Hyogo Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention Air Corps[3]
The aircraft in Hyogo Prefecture is also outsourced to Kobe City.[4],
"HYOGO / KOBE-1" (updated from the former "KOBE-1") is a joint aircraft of the prefecture and city.
"KOBE-2" is Kobe City, "Hyogo" is Hyogo Prefecture
Doctor helicopter operation
Nara1Nara Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsNara HeliportYamato 2000Bell 412EPToho AirlinesThe old aircraft was July 1999, 7TotsukawaCrash and wear in the mountains[40]
Wakayama1Wakayama Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsNanki Shirahama AirportDining KishuBell 412EPEurotecStarted operation of doctor riding system from April 2007
Tottori1Tottori Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention Air CorpsTottori AirportDaisenAW139Asahi YokoApril 2010 Doctor helicopter operation (dedicated aircraft backup)
Bell 412EP "Tottori" updated to AgustaWestland AW139 "Daisen"
Shimane 1Shimane Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsIzumo AirportHakuchoBK117 C-2Central helicopter service[35]
Okayama1Okayama Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention
Air Corps
Okayama AirportKibiBell 412EPShikoku Air ServiceIntroduced in 2009
1Okayama City Fire Department
(Okayama City Fire Department)
Okananami AirfieldMomotaroBK117 C-2--
Hiroshima1Hiroshima Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsHiroshima AirportMapleAW139Central Japan AirlinesDoctor helicopter operation in collaboration with both teams
Updated from Bell 412EP to AgustaWestland AW139
1Hiroshima City Fire Fighting Air Corps
(Hiroshima City Fire Department)
Hiroshima West AirfieldHiroshimaAS 365 N3--Doctor helicopter operation in collaboration with both teams
Yamaguchi 1Yamaguchi Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention
Air Corps
Yamaguchi Ube AirportKiraraAW169West Japan Air TransportDoctor helicopter operation[43]Updated from Kawasaki BK 117C-1 to AW169, and Nishi Nippon Airlines will be entrusted with operations from December 2019.
Tokushima1Tokushima Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention
Air Corps
Tokushima AirportUzushioBK117 C-2Shikoku Air ServiceDoctor helicopter-like operation (mutual access to Osaka and Wakayama)
Kagawa1Kagawa Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsTakamatsu AirportOlive-IIBK117 C-2Shikoku Air Service
Ehime1Ehime Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention
Air Corps
Matsuyama AirportEhime21BK117 C-2Ehime AirlinesDoctor helicopter operation
Kochi2Kochi Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention
Air Corps
Kochi AirportRyoma (erasure)
Toho AirlinesDoctor helicopter operation
"Virgin"Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Fire AgencyAircraft lent to Kochi Prefecture free of charge[44]
"Otome", who was undergoing an airworthiness inspection in Kawagoe City, Saitama Prefecture in October 2019,
First Year of Reiwa East TyphoonInundated by the influence of (Typhoon No. 19)Oppe RiverDue to the flood damage, it was worn out and became inoperable.
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Fire AgencyThe successor machine will be lent again free of charge[44]And resumed full-scale operation in April 2022
Fukuoka2Fukuoka City Fire Department
Fire brigade
Fukuoka AirportYurikamome
AS 365 N3
AS 365 N3 +
1Kitakyushu City Fire Department
Fire brigade
Kitakyushu AirportKitakyushuAS 365 N3--
Saga1Saga Prefecture Fire and Disaster Prevention
Air Corps
Saga AirportKachidokiBK117 D-2[45][46]SGC Saga AirlinesStarted operation on March 2021, 3[47]
Nagasaki1Nagasaki Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsOmura Air BaseNagasakiAS 365 N3Oriental air bridgeUpdated from Kawasaki BK 2012 to Eurocopter AS117 N365 in 3
Kumamoto1Kumamoto Prefecture disaster prevention firefighting
Air Corps
Kumamoto AirportlarkAS 365 N3 +Amakusa airline
Oita1Oita Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsOita Prefecture AirfieldYokazeBK117 C-2Kyushu Airlines
Miyazaki1Miyazaki Prefecture Disaster Prevention Emergency
Air Corps
Miyazaki AirportAozoraBell 412EPKagoshima International Aviation
Kagoshima1Kagoshima Prefecture Disaster Prevention Air CorpsMakurazaki AirportSatsumaAW139Kagoshima International AviationUpdated from Bell 412EP to AW139
Doctor helicopter operation (including mainland and remote islands)
Okinawa0----------Under consideration for introduction[48]

Other institutions

Firefighting and disaster prevention activities at seaJapan Coast GuardIs in charge.

If there is a high risk even within the activity range of the firefighting and disaster prevention helicopter,Japan Air Self-Defense Force OfAir rescue teamThe work is outsourced as a disaster dispatch.

In areas where disaster prevention helicopters have not been introduced, such as Okinawa Prefecture,Prefectural Police Air CorpsAnd by the idea that the national government will correct the deficiencies in services that local governments should provide.SDFIs acting on your behalf.

Helicopters cannot reach from the mainland, and there are no airports where fixed-wing aircraft can take off and land. Remote islandThen,JMSDF OfRescue squadronIs dispatched by disaster dispatch.

Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism OfDisaster recovery helicopterIs a helicopter that collects information to support disaster relief and recovery activities, and does not take direct actions such as rescue or fire extinguishing.


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