August XNUMXth is "Roof Day" Drones are also used ... Craftsmen inspect the tiled roof of "Kounkaku" (Shimane / Matsue City)
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Therefore, young craftsmen from the Youth Group of the Prefectural Tile Workers' Association planned this volunteer event to promote tiled roofs that match well with Japanese houses.
August XNUMXth is called Roof Day because the Chinese numeral XNUMX resembles the shape of a roof.In connection with this... → Continue reading
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This is an account of "San'in Chuo Television Broadcasting" (Fuji Television affiliate) news. We will send you the latest news from Shimane and Tottori prefectures.
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Tiled roof(Kawarabuki) is陶器Made (Clay roof tiles) Andstone(Stone tile),cement(Cement tile),金属It is done all over the world using the ones made of (copper tile etc.)Roof TileUsedroofFinishing.A roof tile made of roof tiles, which is a building material. In 2020, "Traditional Architects' Techniques: Traditional Techniques for Inheriting Wooden Buildings" was registered as a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage, and "Roof tiles (main tiles)" are included in this..
History of Japanese tiled roof
Asuka PeriodFrom the Korean Peninsula, ChinaTempleIt was introduced to the Japanese archipelago along with architectural techniques.The mainstream was a tiled roof made of pottery (a combination of flat and round roof tiles).
Cypress skin-Thatched roofBecause it has better water resistance and fire resistance than roofs, etc.rainy seasonThere istyphoonA lot ofJapanWas suitable for.It is the oldest existing wooden buildingHoryuji templeIs also tiled.On the other hand, the cypress bark that retains the older architectural styleIse ShrineIn the case of, the building is rebuilt once every 20 years.
However, when it comes to the durability of the building, rather than the roof, how to set up the pillars (cornerstoneOrExcavation pillar(The roof can be re-roofed, but the corrosion of the pillars can only be done by rebuilding the building itself).Also, the structure of the building to support the weight of the roof tiles is required.EarthquakeIn Japan, where there are many, it was difficult to introduce in that sense.actuallyTodaiji TempleIn some cases, the weight of the roof tiles became a burden on the building, and it was renovated in modern times.Therefore, as the introduction of Japanese building technology, the building method using cornerstones was prioritized, and the spread of tiled roofing was slow.The mansions of the emperor and aristocrats were also mainly cypress bark until posterity.
Sengoku periodFrom the second halfcityBegan to be used inAzuchi-Momoyama PeriodAnd laterDaimyo mansionIt gradually began to spread to samurai mansions.Also attach importance to fire protectionGodownBegan to be used in.Private houseWas introduced inEdo PeriodAfter the middle period, but in the latter half of the Edo periodFrugalityWas targeted for.
This tile-roofing method is used for the roofs of temples, shrines, and castles.Roofing while using round and flat roof tiles.With flat roof tiles alone, it will rain from the seams for many years, so cover the seams with round roof tiles.It is considerably larger than the tiles of a typical house.The clay-roofing method is used to place the kneaded soil on the base plate, and then use it as a base to adjust the angle of the tiles and the gaps between the tiles while roofing..
Tile roofing of houses, etc.
general住宅In such cases, the hooked roof tile is the standard tiled roof.It has durability, fire resistance, and heat resistance, and each tile can be easily removed, so even if one tile breaks, it can be replaced and repaired easily, but it is vulnerable to strong winds and shaking.Since it is heavier than vegetable roofing materials, the roof tends to be heavy.Currently, the adoption of guideline construction methods with excellent disaster prevention properties is increasing..
The hooked roof tile was invented in the early Meiji era, and has a protrusion on the back of the original roof tile to hook it on the roof tile, and has the role of preventing the roof tile from slipping.The original pier is also called a shaved pier.On the field board,Asphalt roofingA tile seat is placed on the wide and small dance, and thin small materials (tile rails) are struck in parallel according to the size of the tile at almost equal intervals, and the tile is laid on it.It is necessary to fix the roof tiles of the eaves and the roof tiles to the field board with copper wire or copper nails for each of two or more roof tiles.In the ridge, pull out the copper wire that was struck against the rafters, place the roof tiles and the gambler tiles in order from the bottom, and fix them with the copper wire that was put out in advance.The part where the noshi and the flat roof tile come into contact must be covered with face door tile or plaster for waterproofing.
- The word "tile-roofed" is a taboo of Buddhist-related words.Ise SaiguRepresents a Buddhist templeTabooWas used as. (Because the shrine was mainly cypress-roofed, while the temple was tile-roofed)
- To intentionally mix roof tiles with the same shape but different colors,Mixed roofingCall.Glaze roof tile,Kiln change tileIt is often constructed in, but it takes time and effort because it is necessary to pay attention to the color scheme.
- ^ "About UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Registration (listed on the representative list) of "Traditional Architects' Techniques: Traditional Techniques for Inheriting Wooden Buildings"". Agency for Cultural Affairs (September 2020, 12). April 2021, 2Browse.
- ^ This tiled roof-Cultural Heritage OnlineRetrieved February 2021, 12
- ^ "What is the difference between a real tiled roof and a tiled roof?"-Town roof Yasan Chiba April 2020, 4Retrieved February 2021, 12
- ^ "Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster Area Survey Report Urgent Guideline Dissemination of Construction Method”. General Incorporated Association All Japan Timber Industry Federation (March 2013). April 2020, 12Browse.
- Roof Tile
- Tile-roofing craftsman
- Kawabuki technician
- Tile roof diagnostic engineer
- Cypress skin
- Wood shingle(Wood Shingle)
- Thatched roof
- Roofing business