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👍 | "Remember what will happen in Shinjuku or Akihabara" Posted on SNS 23-year-old man arrested Ikebukuro runaway accident slandered the bereaved family


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``Remember what will happen in Shinjuku or Akihabara'' posted on SNS 23-year-old man arrested Ikebukuro runaway accident slandered the bereaved family

 
If you write the contents roughly
There is no fireworks display in Akihabara, so I will bring a lot of fireworks with me.”
 

8 on suspicion of interfering with police operations by posting on SNS such as, "Remember what will happen in Shinjuku or Akihabara on August 14th." → Continue reading

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    Pedestrian heaven

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      Pedestrian heaven(Hokoshaten-go) means a city or town.Pedestrian spaceKind of.

      This article deals with the pedestrian space called "pedestrian heaven" in Japan.

      Overview

      Routes and areas designed with pedestrian safety and health in mindPedestrian spaceTo say[1].Pedestrian space includes pedestrian roads, roads where automobiles are optimally controlled, parks, plazas, street furniture, etc.[2].

      Pedestrian paradise is a type of mall, but when simply called a "mall" in English, there are those that exclude all cars, those that allow only buses and taxis to pass, and those that allow ordinary cars to pass. There are various types of trains, and forms that match the regional characteristics and traffic conditions of each region have been created.[3].

      A mall that prohibits vehicles from entering is called a pedestrian mall (full mall) [4].The world's first ban on vehicles on commercial streets1930ToGermanyIt is said that it was Limbeckerstrasse in Essen,[3].In addition, it is said that it first appeared in the world shortly after the end of World War II.West GermanyEven though the shopping street was the first, Netherlands OfRotterdamIt is said that the shopping street was the first, and there are various theories about its origin.[5].

      In Japan, vehicular traffic is regulated,roadwayPedestrians can walk on the whole road including parts as a pedestrian roadPolice stationThe measure by is sometimes called "pedestrian paradise"[Annotation 1]. mainlySundayfrom being implemented insunday promenadeAlso called[6], In addition to those that are held on specific days of the week and time slots, there are also those that are held all day throughout the year.

      JapaneseThe "pedestrian paradise" ofEnglishでpedestrian [car-free] mall[7]or vehicle-free promenade[7]is translated asHowever, pedestrian malls (full malls) areRoad lawupperPedestrian roadmay be implemented as[8],Road Traffic LawThe basis laws and definitions are different from the "pedestrian heaven" implemented as the above "pedestrian road" (Article 9 of the Road Traffic Act)[9].

      Pedestrian paradise in Japan

      History

      in JapanHigh economic growthAt that time, the rapid increase in accidents due to the rapid increase in the number of automobiles (so-calledTraffic war) and environmental issues, it was a time when road traffic was required to shift from car-first traffic to pedestrian-centered traffic, and it started as an opportunity.Pedestrian-free promenades are expected to contribute to the development of nearby commercial districts by preventing the flow of people from being obstructed by intersections, etc., since the entire roads will be pedestrianized.In addition, it was thought that it would temporarily prevent traffic pollution such as exhaust gas and noise, and that it would create an open image, leading to an increase in tourists and shoppers.

      Although there are various theories as to which was Japan's first pedestrian paradise, it has been held several times mainly in the back streets before the name "pedestrian paradise" became common, and in Tokyo in 1887 ) toKagurazaka(Ushigome Ward, now Shinjuku Ward) is said to have been held for the first time at a fair.[10].1950ToShinjuku StationCars were locked out on the street in front of the east exit,1958ToKandaIn Higashikonya-cho, on Sundays and holidays, a road was divided by fences and provided as a playground for children. "Yugi Road" has since spread throughout Tokyo.after that,1962ToKoto"Part-time regulation" that enforced traffic restrictions for a certain period of time is being carried out.

      the large one1969(44)8/612 days fromHokkaidoAsahikawaIt started as an experiment at Heiwadori.[11].TokyoWithinRyokichi MinobeAt the proposal of the governor (at that time),1970(45)8/2ToGinza[Annotation 2]-Shinjuku-Ikebukuro-Asakusaimplemented for the first time in four districts of[6][5], on the main street of the 4 major downtown areas[Annotation 3]Attempts were made to open the roadway to pedestrians from 10am to 5pm.[5].As this day falls on a Sunday, 2.4 people turn out at the pedestrian paradise in Tokyo, 78 times more than on a normal Sunday. As a result, plants, beach umbrellas, benches, and even plastic pools appeared, and some young people sat on the road and spread out their lunch boxes.[11][12].At about the same time, Kobe, Amagasaki, and Himeji also became pedestrian malls.[6].The large-scale pedestrian paradise was implemented in Tokyo at the time, when the number of automobiles increased rapidly due to motorization. Too many deaths in traffic accidentsTraffic warthe word was born[12]. In 1970, the number of traffic accident deaths was the highest in history.[12].

      after that,19726/1Japan's first permanent pedestrian zone, Asahikawa CityHeiwa Shopping ParkWas established[11].Pedestrian paradise has been introduced to cities all over the country because it has been proven that the roads where the pedestrian paradise has been implemented has drastically reduced carbon monoxide and noise, and that it is good for the environment. was[11].

      In the 2000s, various problems ("#Impact of pedestrian paradise”), some regions began to request that the pedestrian paradise be canceled. increased[6][12].The road that was closed to traffic in the pedestrian paradise2008541 years ago (1998) has been reduced to almost half.On the other hand, there are also examples of new implementations in the hope of revitalizing shopping districts.Akihabara became a pedestrian zone in 2008Street demon case, but resumed on January 2011, 1.Used by 23 people on the same day[13].

      Origin of the name

      The name ``Hokoten'', which is an abbreviation, has become quite popular in the streets, but the origin and first appearance of this name are unknown.

      "Pedestrian天国The origin of the name "" is unknown, but1966already inAsahi ShimbunThis name is used in ``At the time when the Asahi Shimbun used the word ``Tengoku,'' it had a favorable image, and its use in the names of various products and facilities increased its value, he says. The retro researcher has personally analyzed it.

      Method

      Pedestrian paradise can be seen in downtown areas and shopping districts during busy times such as Sundays and evenings.[5].There are various reasons for implementing pedestrian paradise, but mainlyUniversity-high schoolThere are many students on the street during break time, so it is only done during that time,Downtownconducted at a certain time and aimed at the development of commerce,FestivalTemporarily regulating roads for events such asShopping districtThe purpose is to prevent cars from passing through the road, and the road is regulated so that children can play on the road.

      Large ones arePolice stationwill make an announcement at the time of implementation and cancellation, and before that time, on the restricted roadStreet parkingEliminate all vehicles that areIf there is a parking violation, it will crack down, and if the driver is identified in a parked or stopped car, a warning will be issued to each car.If you ignore it, you will be forced to move and get a foul ticket.In addition, if there is a vehicle traveling on the restricted road, the driver is urged to evacuate the road.drive on restricted roadsbusIs the route subject to detour regulation?Asakusa OfSansha FestivalThere are cases where only buses are allowed as an exception like the regulation of .Even though it is a pedestrian paradise, the main roads that intersect are not regulated, so signboards and information boards are put up to prevent entry from the intersecting road, and in some cases police officers are deployed to monitor.There will be an announcement by the police station when the system is lifted, but it is not necessarily known to all people, so be careful as pedestrians who do not know the time of the lift may pass by a car while they are walking on the road. be.In addition, it may be canceled in case of bad weather such as rain.In this case, it is left to the discretion of the competent police station.

      Shopping districtLocally-based small-scale operations may be regulated by the local police station, but even if police officers are not deployed,road signIt is common to regulate the road so that it becomes a pedestrian-only road at a certain time.In addition, in many shopping districts, neighborhood residents and shop owners put up signboards to prevent entry.

      Incidentally,Driving Injury Punishment LawWith the enforcement of (Law No. 25, November 11, 27)Automobile-Motorized bicycledrive through the pedestrian zone[Annotation 4]A person who has caused a traffic accident and injured a person in violation of the regulations ofDangerous driving resulting in death or injury (driving on roads where traffic is prohibited) is punishable by imprisonment of up to 20 years (up to 30 years depending on aggravation).

      Effects of Pedestrian Promenade

      Pedestrian heaven has been abolished in some areas such as Harajuku because it has various effects as described below.

      On the other hand, there are opinions that if the road is abolished, the city will lose its vitality, and people will overflow from the sidewalks, creating a dangerous situation.

      Street performer

      Tokyo·HarajukuThen "Bamboo clan"""orStreet performerIt became a center of youth culture, and their activities were often featured in the media and became a hot topic, energizing the entire city.[Annotation 5]. From the end of the 1980s, HokotenBand boomAlong with this, many bands began to perform on the streets, and complaints were received from the locals about the noise they produced and the garbage produced by onlookers, which later became one of the reasons for the abolition of the pedestrian zone.

      Since the 2005 Akihabara boom in Akihabara, street performances (Cosplayers) increased and surrounded them and itKamekoIt was a problem that people and bystanders were obstructing traffic.The performance heated up in some parts, and in 2008, he self-proclaimed that he showed underwear on the streets of Akihabara, calling it a "street photo session".Gravure idolwoman has been arrested by the police.At this time, many media outlets took up Kameko, who shoot female performers from a low angle called "low anglers," and criticized the group for disturbing public morals in the city.

      security problem

      Pedestrian paradise is a situation where a large number of people are concentrated in the center of the city, so sometimesPassage,terrorismmay be subject to

      in Japan20054/2(Sendai Arcade Street)When12/25(Sendai City Nankoincho Line), two runaway incidents in Sendai City,20086/8ToA street demon that occurred in AkihabaraAs a result, a large number of passers-by were killed, and problems with crime prevention became apparent.For this reason, measures were taken such as prohibiting vehicles from entering arcades in Sendai, and installing security cameras in Akihabara.

      Traffic problems

      Even on holidays, the surrounding roads may be congested due to being detoured.[12]may lead to complaints from local residents.

      Transit BusIf there is a section on a predetermined route where pedestrian paradise is implemented, there are examples of setting a detour route, suspending only that section during the implementation time, and making a return service in the section before and after. .AlsoBus stopAlso, a stop dedicated to the pedestrian paradise implementation time may be set up on the detour route.

      As an exampleToei BusNow, about Haya 77 and Shina 97, we will be passing through on the way.Shinjuku streetOnly during the hours when becomes a pedestrian promenade, one block north ofYasukuni Dorichanged viaIn addition to the dedicated stops for the detour time zone, the destination display also indicates the detour operation "Promenade” is displayed.

      Example of "pedestrian paradise"

      permanent

      • Hokkaido Asahikawa
        Social experiment conducted in 1969[14].After several trials, the road officially opened as a permanent pedestrian road on June 1972, 6.[15].
      • Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture
        Since 1970, it has been a pedestrian zone on Saturdays and Sundays, and since 1972, it has been a fully pedestrian zone.[16].
      • Yokohama-city kanagawa prefecture
        A permanent pedestrian zone was opened in 1978.[14].

      Specified date and time

      • Tokyo
        It is also called "holiday promenade". Started in August 1970, as of 8, it is held all year round on Saturdays, Sundays, and public holidays (2022 hours in summer, 6 hours in winter).[18].. OnceToei Bus Hashi 86 Routepasses through this intervalNihonbashi MuromachiIt operates to Sotobori-dori Street (Route 405) was being rerouted.intersectHarumi Street(Route 304) located at the midpoint of the section to maintain trafficGinza XNUMX-chome intersectionOnly do not take measures to stop vehicle traffic.
      • Aichi
        Formerly "Nagoya Japan Promenade" from September 1970, 9 to September 6.
        After that, every Sunday from September 2011th to November 9th, 18 (Nagoya Festivalwas held on October 10), "Minami Otsu DoriTrial revival as a social experiment under the name "pedestrian paradise"[19]. Since 2012, it has been held on some Sundays in the spring and autumn seasons, but has been suspended since 2020.

      Abolished

      footnote

      [How to use footnotes]

      注 釈

      1. ^ HokotenThere is a common name.
      2. ^ Incidentally,6/10is considered to be "Pedestrian Provincial Day", but this is not related to the day when the first pedestrian promenade was implemented in Japan, but from Ginza(I.e.It is related to the day when the pedestrian paradise of the East (the world's longest at the time of implementation) was implemented for 5.5 km.
      3. ^ In Ikebukuro, the total length of 28 roads around the station was less than 3 kilometers.[12].
      4. ^ As of July 2014, prefecturesPublic Safety Commissionis limited to road signs and road markings installed by
      5. ^ Pedestrian paradise was abolished in Harajuku in 1998, but perhaps because of that, it is said that it has lost its former vibrancy ("Akihabara Hokoten Abolition or survival?'Sports Nippon).

      Source

      1. ^ Architectural Shishio Research Institute, Architectural Design Materials (17) Pedestrian Space, Kenchiku Shiryo Kenkyusha, 1987, p.7. 
      2. ^ Architectural Shishio Research Institute, Architectural Design Materials (17) Pedestrian Space, Kenchiku Shiryo Kenkyusha, 1987, p.8. 
      3. ^ a b Architectural Shishio Research Institute, Architectural Design Materials (17) Pedestrian Space, Kenchiku Shiryo Kenkyusha, 1987, p.20. 
      4. ^ Architectural Shishio Research Institute, Architectural Design Materials (17) Pedestrian Space, Kenchiku Shiryo Kenkyusha, 1987, p.21. 
      5. ^ a b c d Rom International (ed.) 2005, p. 209.
      6. ^ a b c d Ken Asai 2001, p. 138.
      7. ^ a b Momoo Yamaguchi, Conveying Japanese Culture, Tourism and World Heritage in English, 2015, p.45. 
      8. ^ "About walking town development subcommittee". Sakurai. April 2018, 1Browse.
      9. ^ "About safe use of bicycles”. Aichi Prefectural Police Headquarters. April 2018, 1Browse.
      10. ^ “Bishamonten in Kagurazaka | Nippon Michishiru on video”. Watch the video Nippon Michishiru-New Japan Fudoki Archives-. https://www2.nhk.or.jp/archives/michi/cgi/detail.cgi?dasID=D0004990667_00000 April 2018, 8Browse. 
      11. ^ a b c d Ken Asai 2001, p. 139.
      12. ^ a b c d e f Rom International (ed.) 2005, p. 210.
      13. ^ Front page of the Tokyo Shimbun morning edition of January 2011, 1
      14. ^ a b "Creation of pedestrian space Issue 1”. Tokyo Metropolitan Government Bureau of Urban Development. April 2019, 8Browse.
      15. ^ "History of shopping park”. Heiwadori Shopping Park. April 2019, 8Browse.
      16. ^ "History exploration”. April 2019, 8Browse.
      17. ^ Pedestrian roads in specific prohibited areas and sections(Metropolitan Police Department
      18. ^ Please tell me the holding point of the pedestrian paradise.(Ginza official website)
      19. ^ Minamiotsu-dori Pedestrian Promenade(From Sakae Minami WEB).
      20. ^ "Official abolition of Hokoten in Harajuku / Ueno and Okachimachi”. Shikoku Shimbun. April 2019, 8Browse.

      References

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