Portal field news

Portal field news

in ,

📚 | Mariner in 5 minutes!Explains the license, test contents and difficulty level to become a navigator or captain


A mariner who understands in 5 minutes!航海士や船長になるための免許、試験内容や難易度を解説Explains the license to become a navigator or captain, test contents and difficulty level

If you write the contents roughly
If you complete a ship staff training course such as a fisheries / marine school, you will be exempt from the written examination.

Qualification of "marine engineer" that the staff of a large vessel must have.In the field of merchant ships and fisheries, work while protecting the environment of life and the sea ... → Continue reading


This is a medium in which celebrities such as idols and artists and experts in various fields publish articles introducing "recommended books" in an attempt to create encounters with books that have never been "touched".
Since full-scale operation from October 2016, the number of users has steadily increased, and now
・About 800 million PV per month
・About 260 million UU/month
And, it has grown as a media that can be used by many people.

Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.


notes(Hiki,English: writing) Means to write down[1].. OrBrushWriting in[1].. Also, what was written by it[1].


Writing is writing[1].. Especially,TextGenerally refers to writing kind[Note 1]..In Japan, in the olden days, "brush" was used exclusively as a writing tool, so it is called "writing".

Listening to someone speaking and writing is especially "Dictation(Koujutsuhiki) ".

In Western Europe, what is written by hand, what is written by handmanuscript,manuscriptAnd so on. In Japanese, "Manuscript (English)", "Manusukuri (French)", "Manusukuri (French)" depending on the contextManuscript""Manuscript"And so on.

In particular, the alphabet shaped for quick writing by hand is called "cursive" or "joint writing" in English, but in Japanese it is called "cursive".Cursive".

Written test

A written test is a test to judge the degree of a person who takes the test by having them write something.[Note 2].. fundamentally"Practical skill"Exam" and "interviewIt is used in contrast to the term / concept of "test".

Writing utensils

Tools for writingWriting utensilsSay.

Clay plateAnd sticks (Mesopotamia),papyrusとreedWith a penイ ン ク(Ancient Egypt),Bamboo stripAnd a brushinkとInkstone(Ancient China),Japanese paperAnd brush, ink, inkstone (Japan),parchmentとQuill pen(中 世Europe.ManuscriptSuch),paperとfountain pen(20th century, various places),Noteとpencil,ペ ンThere is a history of using various writing utensils such as types (modern, various places).

What revolutionized the concept of writing instrumentsWord processorIs the appearance of. When he was born in the United States, he was nothing more than a tool for "expanding consciousness" to edit and compose sentences, but in Japan it was said that it was not suitable for industrialization.Kanji-kana mixed sentence The inferiority of the keyboard was reformed at once and the position as a writing instrument was established together with the keyboard. Of the writerAngo SakaguchiIs "letter, speed and literature" (Ango Sakaguchi Letters, speed and literature1940), "My thoughts flow like lightning, but the characters I write are slow / \", but such speed has come to catch up with my thoughts.Digitization has made it possible to make a complete copy.By connecting to the Internet, it has become possible to instantly send from the paper in front of you.


[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ The word / concept of "calligraphy"TextThe character / concept of "drawing" is used for絵-図It is used for such as.
  2. ^ The written test is also called the paper test. The usage of this paper test isJapanglishIs. Written exam in Englishwritten test, Written examination[2].


  1. ^ a b c d Kojien XNUMXth Edition "Writing"
  2. ^ Shunsaku Sakata "NHK Katakana English Lie, Really"Japan Broadcast Publishing Association, Nov. 1988, 5, p. 20.

Related item

  • Secretary(In ancient Egypt, writing was a good profession and a fairly high status.)


Back to Top