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📚 | History of Kuwait in 5 minutes!A brief explanation of religion, oil issues, Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, etc.


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The history of Kuwait in 5 minutes!A brief explanation of religion, oil issues, Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, etc.

 
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Iraq will use this money to buy state-of-the-art weapons and become a mighty military nation.
 

Kuwait, a small country on the shores of the Persian Gulf.There is a huge oil field, and the economy is now established in the oil industry ... → Continue reading

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Military regime

Military regime(Gunjiseiken,English: Military dictatorship)軍隊Form of governance that directly enforces politics[1].

Overview

In the principle of the modern state, the military is a coercive device that guarantees the existence of the national system,Parliamentary politicsIn the background, it is the premise that "political neutrality of the military" should be maintained.[1]..However, in reality, military leadership (military elite) tends to occupy a politically important position.The development of combat technology in recent years has indispensably created an interdependence between military technology and industrial technology, and the integration of military elites, business leaders, and senior bureaucrats has progressed, so-called "Military industry complex"It has become[1]..As a result, the military elite's "political neutrality" is almost exclusively tatemae and will play an important political role.[1]..However, while parliamentary politics and party politics are stable, the political actions of the military elite are generally carried out in the shadows from the premise of parliamentary political principles.[1]..An industrial coup led by the military-industrial complex and an industry-independent military coup are different, but by confusing them, industrial espionage can take control of the nation.

However, when it becomes difficult to maintain national unity and order under parliamentary rule, the military may directly carry out political integration and maintain order from the ideology of "political neutrality of the military."This is the military government[1].. An example of a military elite playing a role in political integration with an ideological background of "military neutrality"Second World WarAfterFrance OfCharles de GaulleThere are examples in Western Europe, such as the presidential inauguration speech, but in Western Europe it is basically an exceptional form of governance.[1].

on the other hand,1950 eraStarted to form a nation-state independently of the colony, "Third world""Developing countryIn the countries called, military regimes tend to be relatively prone.[1][2].Hideo Oda TheAfricaIn Africa, the factors behind the frequent political rise of the military in AfricaPresidential system,One-party systemSuch,CentralizationBecause there are many political systemsCoupThere is a strong tendency for political changes to occur frequently, and the root cause is said to be political, economic, and social tensions due to rapid modernization and state construction.[2]..Another factor is the slow maturity of modern external social groups such as expert groups and interest groups.

In these countries, parliamentary politics is prone to corruption due to traditional tribal conflicts and ties with former suzerains, and the military is relatively more likely to become the most modern and centralized group in its society.[2]..In addition, the military elite tends to be sensitive to external relations due to the delay in armament, and the international sense is often relatively advanced in the society.[1][2]..The relative modernity of this military elite has created a tendency for military regimes to become commonplace in developing countries.[1][2].

footnote

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Source

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "World Encyclopedia』(平凡 社) "Military government" item
  2. ^ a b c d e Shozo Akutsu Shohei Wada (eds.) "Ethnic Relations between Asante and Eve" "Ethnic Relations in Contemporary Africa" ​​Akashi Shoten 2001,ISBN 475031420X pp. 119-123.

Related item

References

  • Finer, SE 1969. The man on horseback: The role of the military in politics. London: Pall Mall Press.
  • Huntington, SP 1969. Political order in changing societies. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press.
    • Translated by Hideo Uchiyama, "Political Order Up and Down in a Changing Society," Simul Publishing, 1972
  • Janowitz, M. 1964. The military in the development of new nations. Chicago: Univ. Of Chicago Press.
  • Janowitz, M. 1977. Military institutions and coercion in developing nations. Chicago: Univ. Of Chicago Press.
  • Kennedy, G. 1974. The military in the third world. London: Duckworth.
  • Stepan, A. 1971. The military in politics: Changing patterns in Brazil. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press.
  • Stepan, A. 1988. Rethinking military politics: Brazil and the southern Cone. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press.

 

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