The mechanism of the US presidential election that can be understood in 5 minutes!予備選挙や選挙人などをわかりやすく解説Easy-to-understand explanation of primaries and electors
If you write the contents roughly
Therefore, if none of the candidates wins the majority, a new final vote will be held.
The US presidential election is held in November once every four years.However, the election campaign takes about a year ... → Continue reading
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Final vote(Kesentohyo) is to narrow down to the top candidates and vote again when one vote does not settle.This is a method to mitigate the harmful effects of vote splitting. 「決"Decision(I.e."Vote" is a typographical error.
In many cases, if a candidate does not get more votes than the number of valid votes ÷ (constant +1), the top candidates are narrowed down and voted again.
France OfPresidentelectionThen, if there is no candidate who reaches the majority of the valid votes in the first vote, the final vote by the top two candidates will be held again.National AssemblyIn the election, if there is no candidate who can reach the majority of the valid votes, only the candidates with a vote rate of 12.5% or more will vote in the final.Winning is rarely decided in one election, soTwo-time voting systemIt is called.
Even in Japan, in the 1946 local chief electionLegal vote数（有効得票数の8分の3）に満たない場合に導入された。1947年の統一地方選挙では知事選挙で8件、市区町村長選挙で242件、1952年の統一地方選挙では知事選挙で3件、市区町村長選挙で245件が適用された。1952年に法定得票数を有効得票数の8分の3から4分の1に引き下げることとともに決選投票制からRe-electionIt became a system.
Exhaustive ballot is an exhaustive ballot method.Single-seat constituency systemThis method is used in (voting for singular election).Voters cast a vote for each of the candidates.If no candidate is supported by a majority of votes, the candidate with the least votes is excluded and more votes are cast.This process repeats as many votes as necessary until one candidate becomes the majority.Unlike the two-round system, voters may need to vote three or more times.Therefore, the Exhaustive Ballot is not used in large public office elections.It is used in elections of at most hundreds of voters, such as the prime minister's election and the election to chair the parliament.IOCAt the general meetingOlympicDecision on a resolution to choose one from three or more candidates, such as the decision on the venue ofFIFA World CupIt is also used to determine the venue.It is more effective in preventing vote splitting than the two-round system.一回の投票でこれと同じ結果になるように目指したのが優先順位付投票制ことThe goal is to achieve the same result in a single vote as a prioritized voting system.Immediate final voting system.