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😀 | What a woman in her twenties wants from her uncle "I sometimes see frustrated and yelling. I'm getting older ...


Photo What is a charming "old man"?

What a woman in her twenties wants from her uncle "I sometimes see frustrated and yelling. As I get older ...

 
If you write the contents roughly
"A man who looks astringent, calm and dynamic, and can work" (Male in his 20s / Favorite character: Toshizo Hijikata of "Golden Kamuy")
"The kindness and inclusiveness that you can rely on and protect when you need it" (Female in her 30s / Favorite character: Shunsui Kyoraku from "BLEACH")
"Dignified and calm.
 

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Astringent and calm

Toshizo Hijikata

Toshizo Hijikata(Hijikata Toshizo)BakumatsuPeriodRetainer,ShinsengumiDeputy captain.Similar to army service. 諱Is Yoshitoyo,pen nameIs Toyoda,Family crest TheLeft three sides.

In the Shinsengumi era, the directorIsamu KondoSupports the tissue as the right arm ofBoshin WarThen, as one of the commanders of the former shogunate army, he fought in various places, and in the so-called "", he was appointed as the commander of the military security department.MeijiMay 2, 5 (June 11, 1869),Boshin WarBecame the last battlefield ofHakodateGoryokakuKilled in action in the defense battle.

career

Tama / Examination Ground

Tempo6 years( 1835),BushuMusashi countryTama-gunIshida Village (currentlyTokyoHino cityIshida)FarmerBorn between Yoshiatsu Hijikata (Hayato) and Ezu. He was the youngest of 10 siblings.Hijikata was called a rose hunger when he was young.The Hijikata family is called "Daijin"Tama OfHeavy farmingHowever, my father was three months before the birth of Toshizo.2/5TotuberculosisMy mother also died of tuberculosis on July 6, 11 () when Toshizo was 7 years old.Also the eldest brotherTamejiroBecause of this, his second elder brother succeeded the family reign and named Hayato, and was brought up by his wife, Naka.At the birthplace, there is "Yatake", which was planted when Toshizo was a boy, saying, "I will become a middle-aged soldier and make a name for myself in the world."

So far, when I was 11 years oldEdo(I.e."Matsuzakaya ItoKimonoStore "(currentlyMatsuzakayaTo Ueno store)ServiceImmediatelyThe beginningIt was reported that he returned to his hometown after fighting with him, but Ishida Village, which was announced in recent years,Personal book copyByCounting yearsAt the age of 11, he lived in Ishida Village and was found not to be in service.Although there are some deficiencies, it has come to be considered that Toshizo was in service for 14 years, 24 to 10 years old, from this personal book.Also, at the age of 17, Edo, a branch of Matsuzakaya Ueno storeDenma town OfcottonWholesalerHe went up to the service (called Kamedana, as opposed to the crane store in Ueno), causing problems such as getting pregnant with an older woman who worked there (The beginningToMass roadThere is a theory that he returned to his hometown (which is said to have been forced to have a relationship), but the existence of the above-mentioned personal book has now questioned its credibility, and it is known in detail where he was dedicated. Absent[1].

After that, Toshizo said, "Ishida powder"PeddlerWhile doing soSwordsmanship dojoI played games and practiced.

姉・RanIs also a cousin of siblingsHinojukuLord OfHikogoro SatoIt is said that Toshizo often went in and out of Hikogoro's house.Hikogoro was murdered in front of his grandmother by a big fire, and he felt the danger of his surroundings and himself.Gensaburo InoueBrother of·Inoue MatsugoroAt the recommendation ofNatural reasonIntroduced to a corner of your homedojoWas open.From such an edge, HikogoroTrial building OfIsamu KondoHe signed a contract with his brother-in-law and supported Tennen Rishin-ryu.

Toshizo met Kondo, who had come to teach at the rehearsal hall.Ansei6 years( 1859)3/29Formalized in Tennen Rishin-ryugetting startedare doing.BunkyuNew Year ( 1861), Kondo is named the 4th generation Soke of Tennen Rishin-ryu.In commemorationred and whiteField match was heldgeneralI participated in the role of protecting.

Bunkyu 3rd year ( 1863)2, With friends of the test centerEdo Shogunate14nd generationGeneral-Tokugawa IgemoGuardForRoshigumiApply for京都Go to.

Shinsengumi Deputy Chief

It happened in Bunkyu 3 (1863)August XNUMX political changerear,Mibu Roushigumi (not official name)Is recognized for its successShinsengumiWas launched.afterwards,Niimi Nishiki Accused(There are various theories about the end).Serizawa duckSeems to be according to Hijikata et al.assassinationKondo who died sideways and seized powerSecretaryIt became.Toshizo took the position of deputy chief and became Kondo's right arm in Kyoto.SecurityIt was maintained.ShinsengumiDeputy chief assistant,InspectorA systematic organization is created for each job, and the top is the director, but the actual command is said to have been issued by the deputy director, Toshizo.

MotoharuNew Year ( 1864)6/5 OfIkedaya IncidentIn that case, lead a half corpsChoshu clanMaster/Tosa DomainI searched for Tantora (Shikokuya), where the swordsmen frequently went in and out, but there was no one here.I immediately rushed to support Ikedaya, but instead of rushing in immediately, I solidified the area around Ikedaya.Ikedaya incidentrewardBecame exceptional, and the heroic name of the Shinsengumi roared in the world.Furthermore, from the shogunate, KondoForceThere was an unofficial announcement that seniors and soldiers would be the power, but at that time it was not realized.

After that, the deputy directorKei NannanWill be the president, and Hijikata will be the deputy director.In the case where Yamanami later left the army and became seppuku, it is said that there was a conflict with Hijikata, but in "South of Mt.sentenceThere is also a theory that Hijikata's favorite "spring moon" is included in this, so it was said that Yamanami = Yamanami and they were on good terms.To keep the discipline of the corps after thatKawai Yozaburo,Sanjuro Tani,Takeda KanryusaiIt is sometimes said that they were seppuku or slaughtered, but the details of the cause of death for Tani and Takeda are unknown, and the relationship with the corps rules is unknown.Koutaro ItoWas separated and formedGoryo GuardianToPersonAsHajime SaitoTo prevent the Kondo assassination plan by sending, Ito,Heisuke TodoAssassinated and destroyed the Imperial Guard (Aburanokoji Incident..There is a disagreement about Goryo Guardian, Ito, and Saito).

Boshin War

Keio3 years( 1867)6, Collected by the Bakushin.But the same year10/14,Yoshiki TokugawaResigned from the shogunate (Resignation).12/9ToGreat command of the royal revivalWas issued, and the Edo Shogunate was virtually over.4th year of Keio 1868)1/3,Battle of Toba and FushimiBegins withBoshin WarBreaks out, and Toshizo leads the Shinsengumi in place of Kondo, who was injured in.New Government ArmyDefeated before the offensive.afterwards,Edo CastleToshizo who climbed the castleSakura clanEdokeeperUsefulGakkai YodaWhen asked about the war situation, he said, "You can't use a gun unless you use a gun. I have a sword and a spear, and there is nothing I can use."[2]..However, Toshizo had already conducted Western-style training on guns and cannons in the precincts of Mibudera in Bunkyu 3 before he was defeated in the Battle of Toba-Fushimi, and in the political change on August XNUMXth of that year, he actually trained guns. There is also a description that he boldly defeated the Choshu forces by using.

The Shogunate army lost in the battle of Toba and FushimiOsakaAfter withdrawing from Edo, Kondo is Go Okubo and Toshizo isHayato NaitoUnder the pseudonym, "Shinsengumi"Koyo ZhentaiRenamed toKai countryHead to.However3/6,Battle of Koshu KatsunumaDefeated at.Toshizo rushed to request reinforcements before the war, but was unsuccessful.afterwards,NagareyamaI was trying to revive it,4/3, Kondo, besieged by the new government army, surrenders under the false name of Yamato Okubo.At this time, it is said that Toshizo stopped Kondo's seppuku and recommended surrender.Toshizo heads to Edo andKatsu KaishuHe made a direct interview and petitioned for Kondo's life, but it did not come true, and in 4, Keio 1868 (XNUMX).4/25, KondoItabashi Execution GroundsAtDecapitationWas punished by.

After the surrender of Kondo, while pleading for life, the Shinsengumi was entrusted to Hajime Saito and Jiro Yamaguchi.AizuHead toShimada KaiTake only a few soldiersKeisuke OtoriJoined the former Shogunate army led by them.4/11ToEdo CastleEscapes Edo when is established, and ToshizoAkizuki NoborinosukeOf the leading armyStaffServed.Lower building-Lower wifeThroughBattle of UtsunomiyaVictory,UtsunomiyaTo fall.HoweverBattle of MibuHe was injured in his leg when he rematched with the new government army in Utsunomiya, and was escorted to Aizu prior to the main army.I spent about 3 months in Aizu, and during this time I visited Kondo's grave.Tenneiji TempleIt is said that it was built inside.

After recovering completely and returning to the front, he entrusted the command to Jiro Yamaguchi and made efforts to prevent the war in Aizu while supporting Yamaguchi.8ToBattle of Bonari PassWith the defeat ofAizu WarIs intensified.Toshizo seeks reinforcementsShonai DomainHowever, the Shonai clan, which had already turned to the new government army, did not even enter the castle.Toshizo is from AizuSendai DomainI decided to go to.Yamaguchi et al. Against the big bird who also left the battle lineAizu DomainProceeding to be loyal toHakodate WarLater currentAomoriRecorded inAncient documentIt is in.Hijikata had not returned to the Shinsengumi in the Aizu domain.And with Yamaguchi and others who remain in the castle,SendaiThe Shinsengumi splits with the soldiers who left Hetenningji.

Reaching SendaiTakeaki EnomotoOld ledShogunate NavyAnd join.With EnomotoOuetsu Reihan AllianceParticipated in the military congress.Soon after the Ouetsu clan alliance collapsed and the alliance clan surrendered to the new government forces one after another, the Kuwana clan and others were added to the survivors of the Shinsengumi.Tae MaruWith Enomoto et al.10/12Sendai Orinohama (currentlyMiyagiIshinomakiDepart Orinohama)EzoI went to.

Hakodate War and Death

10/20, EzochiWashinokiAfter landing in Japan, Toshizo became governor of the Mado Army.GoryokakuHeaded for.The Shinsengumi went on the main road under Governor Keisuke Otori, but it is said that several Shinsengumi members, including Kai Shimada, were always following Toshizo.

Hakodate・ After occupying Goryokaku, ToshizoForehead soldierAnd so onMatsumaeAdvance toMatsumae CastleFall down and leave the remaining soldiers江差I chased until.At this time, Takeaki Enomoto, in order to support the Hijikata army from the sea, the warship "Kaiyo MaruI headed off the coast of Esashi, but was stranded due to a storm.Toshizo, who had safely occupied Esashi after landing in Esashi and watching the sinking of Kaiyo Maru, returned to Matsumae Castle once.12/15Enomoto is in each countryConsulWe made a triumphant return to Goryokaku in time for the Ezo Horizon Celebration.

Then decide on an executiveelectionWas done, EnomotoPresident"Republic of Ezo(GoryokakuHonjin) Was established, and Toshizo became an executive of the Army, and also served as Hakodate City Central Control and Army and Navy Tribunal Chief.It is said that Toshizo was calm even in Hakodate.It is said that even when the Hakodate government was established and Ezomoto and his colleagues were having a celebration, Toshizo remained silent and said, "It's not time to drink alcohol."

From January to February, when the Hakodate and Goryokaku were constructed, information on the invasion of the new government army was received in March, so Toshizo was the new government army.armored shipFor the purpose of captureBattle of Miyako BayParticipate in.However, the operation was unlucky and failed.Although many casualties occur, Toshizo survives.

Meiji2 years( 1869)4/9, The new government army begins landing in Otobe, Ezo.ToshizoBattle of FutamataThorough defense against the advance of the new government army.During the battle, the new government forces rang a bell and acted to make them think they were besieged.Hijikata's soldiers were upset by this, but Toshizo calmly judged the situation and calmed his subordinates, saying, "If you really want to siege, hide the sound and make it unnoticed."In between the battles, Toshizo served his subordinates with sake.He said, "I don't want to get drunk and disturb the military rules, so everyone is only full," so his subordinates laughed and agreed.Futamata, who had been defended by the Hijikata army, won a series of battles, but because there was a danger that the other Matsumaeguchi would be broken and the retreat would be cut off and surrounded, he was forced to retreat and return to Goryokaku.

And in 2 (Meiji 1869)5/11, The Hakodate total attack of the new government army was started, and Shimada and others were defendingBenten DaibaIs surrounded by the new government army and isolated, and Toshizo leads a few soldiers to rescue him.New government warship "Chaoyang Maru"I shouldn't lose this opportunity" when I saw that it was sunk by a warship on my side, and at the Hakodate Ipponki KanmonUonaka OhnoHe pushed out allies who were routing, and declared, "I am on this fence and will not kill those who retreat."Toshizo defends the Ippongi barrier and responds to the new government forces attacking from Nanaehama.He commanded on horseback.

There are various theories about the end, but it is said that Toshizo was hit by a bullet in his abdomen during the war and fell.The soldiers led by Ohno, who had been advancing toward Odaiba by his order, had regained their power for a while, but their desperate command was empty and they collapsed.When he was forced to turn back, he was also an army servant.Saisuke YasutomiIt is said that he was informed that Toshizo was shot.Ohno rushed in, but he is said to have already died.

The body of ToshizoNaganosuke KoshibaIt is said that they were taken over by them and buried in Goryokaku along with other war dead, or they were placed in another place, and the place of burial is still unknown.35 years old (34 years old).Strangely, it was the same year as my ally, Kondo.Enomoto's army surrendered six days later.

deathbed poemIs "Yoshiya, the soul is the eastern (Azuma) prince, even if Ezo does not decay to the island.". "Tatohi meat decays to Shimane in Ezo, but the soul is the eastern prince YamamoranIt was also transmitted, but the opening song of the wakashu, which is said to have been compiled by Shimada,Every time I take a halberd and look at the moon, I shine on the springIs considered to be Hijikata's death poem.Reizan History MuseumStates[3].

Cemeteries and memorials are located in the following areas.

At Wakamatsu Ryokuchi Park, which is near the site of the Ippongi Kanmon where Toshizo fell into a bullet, the last monument of Hijikata Toshizo is built.

Ability of swordsmanship

Natural reasonTrial buildingThe year after the introduction toMannobuNew Year ( 1860) Published in "" (excluding Edo)Kanto regionThe name of Toshizo Hijikata is listed in the swordsman's directory), and it can be seen that he has already reached a certain level of ability.However, at the Tennen Rishin Ryu Dojo, Toshizo is at the middle level.CatalogOnly records up to are extant.However, it is said that it was extremely strong in actual battles on the street, probably because it had various backbones.At the time of slashing, he was fighting endlessly regardless of the type of swordsmanship training, such as hitting the sand under his feet against the opponent and slashing down in a fluttering gap or strangling his neck.In fact, he always fought on the front line even in the battlefield, and although he experienced many shrines, he was not killed by the swashbuckler, so it seems that he was proud of his considerable ability.The same applies to Nagakura, Saito, Okita and Kondo.

crimsonOn the face stringZhuFashionable such as painted skinArmorWas used[4].Takahata FudoIt is said that the precincts of the area were often used as a training place.The Shinsengumi was a tunshoYagi HouseAccording to Shinsengumi's swordsmanship training, Isami Kondo and Kamo Serizawa often sat at high places to watch, but Toshizo always wore a torso and sweated while teaching.[2].

Anecdote

  • When I was a child, when I got out of the bath, I often stayed naked on the pillars of my house.SumoIt is said that he was practicing.The pillar isHijikata Toshizo MuseumStill remains in[5].
  • ChildhoodBodhi TempleIsTakahata FudosonHe was a naughty kid, throwing wild bird eggs at the passers-by from the mountain gate.
  • nephew(Hikogoro SatoWhen his third son, Tamekichi) fell in the garden and cut his forehead, he immediately rushed in and laughed and said, "It's a boy's face injury.[6].
  • From later photographs of Western clothing, Toshizo is a rationalist and has the flexibility to accept what is convenient as convenient.Imported OfPocket watchIt is said that he also had.Also, in the Boshin War, Utsunomiya Castle was temporarily dropped, and when the two-pronged mouth was defended, allies continued to rout and won repeatedly, showing understanding and practicing Western military studies, and achieving results.
  • Because she looked good and was popular with women, when she was working as a deputy director of the Shinsengumi in Kyoto, she put a lot of love stories from women together in a wooden box for her relatives in Hino and said, "It's boring." I wrote it down, sent it, and bragged about it.
    • In the early daysKanosuke KojimaA large package arrives at (one theory is said to be the disciples of Kondo Dojo).When I opened it as if I had sent it as a souvenir from Kyoto, I yearn for him.芸 者-MaikoIt is said that the love letter from the company was packed tightly, and the phrase "The heart-wrenching lady of Hokoku" was attached to the letter.[7].
  • Toshizo, whose leg was injured in the Battle of Utsunomiya, was in Keio 4 (1868).Leap4From around7Until around (there is a different theory), AizuWakamatsu CastleI was lying on the bed at the inn below.One day, at the Bakushin who was in the same innCivil servantCame, but Toshizo lay down and said, "Fight with us."Mochizuki, who was sick of his arrogant attitude, refused, saying, "I can't fight because I'm a civilian."Then Toshizo said, "Then what did you come to this far? Coward."Mochizuki couldn't keep silent, saying, "Fortunately you robbed Utsunomiya Castle, but you soon robbed it. It will be difficult to rob it again. It's a shame. You are also a coward. I have to say, "he said.Mochizuki left the room because Toshizo shouted, "Noisy, it disturbs my bed. I don't want to hear it anymore. Get out."At this time, Toshizo was so angry that he threw a pillow at Mochizuki.[8].
  • The shogunate was a fixed camp in EdoPurveyorKamaya.ShinagawaAmong them, the teahouse was very busy, and the record was "Keio XNUMXrd year Rabbit October XNUMXst Noboru (above) Shinsengumi Hijikata Toshizo family, both upper and lower thirty-one (holiday) Kamaya Hanemon Kunuki XNUMX sentences" Remains.Currently, the site of Kamaya (currentlyShinagawaIt is inAomonoyokocho StationA monument to the Shinsengumi is built near).
  • Just before deathSmall family nameWas servingIchimura TetsunosukeGives his hair and photo to him and orders him to "deliver it to Hino's family."In response, Ichimura refuses, "I am prepared to die here. Please order someone else."Upon hearing that, Toshizo said with a keen eye, "If you refuse, I will defeat you right now."Ichimura shook his head under the pressure of Toshizo.When leaving for Hino, Ichimura notices a figure in the window. "I didn't know who it was, but I think it was probably (Hijikata) teacher," he said.After that, Ichimura safely delivered his hair and photos to Hikogoro Sato of Hino-juku.
  • Toshizo's sword that still exists in the Hijikata Toshizo MuseumMamoru IzumiHas a blade of 2 shaku, 3 inches and 1 minute (70.3 cm).[9]..It is unknown who delivered this existing Kanesada to Hino and when.No clear historical material has yet been found.However, since the above letter was written in October of the 3rd year of Bunkyu, Aizu 10th Kanesada has not yet received Mamoru Izumi.Therefore, there is a theory that Kanesada written in the above letter may be Seki II Izumi Mamoru Kanesada.In addition, although the location is currently unknown, the blade length is 2Shaku8Size OfMamoru IzumiI also had a sword[9].
  • Toshizo's sword is also available at the Sato Hikogoro Museum.Yasutsugu EchizenExists.Presented to Gennosuke Sato (the eldest son of Hikogoro) by Toshizo after the Battle of Koshu Katsunuma[10].
  • Waka,HaikuThere was also the aspect of a fashionable person, such as liking.The phrases that I have written down are summarized by myself and are left as "".
  • It is generally accepted that Toshizo was killed in action by a government army sniper, but there is a different theory that he may have been shot by a soldier who resented this because he ordered a thorough fight without hearing the opinion of the surrender shogunate general. ..
  • There is a theory that Toshizo survived the Battle of Hakodate. The "Hakodate Surrender Map" depicts Toshizo (surrender on May 6), who should have died six days ago.Another theory is that it has fallen to Russia.
  • SakuanIs said to have been a favorite, especially in Onoji Village, where he opened a kendo hall.Kanosuke KojimaI like Takuan, a relative of the Hashimoto family, who is next to me, and when I eat, I ate a heap of Takuan deliciously, and I liked it so much that it is said that I carried the barrel with me.

Votes

  • Egawa Taro Saemon"A man who is indomitable and courageous"[11]
  • Chusuke (Hijikata's servant) "The master of wisdom and courage should be the so-called Hijikata-den. Born in Japan, such a famous general cannot demonstrate his wisdom. "[12]
  • "Mr. Hijikata's wise talent Ariyuki Tokukyo short-term temperament"[13]
  • "Senior seniors, two servants, mild Nishite people, return affairs, baby babies, mothers[14]
  • Takeaki Enomoto"Entering the room"

Hino and Toshizo Hijikata

The city of Hino, Tokyo, where he was born, mourns and honors Toshizo Hijikata throughout the city.In the cityTakahata Fudoson Kongoji TempleTo DainichidoRankIs enshrined,Bodhi TempleIs said to be[15].

The site of the birthplace is the Hijikata Toshizo Museum[16].

The "Hino Shinsengumi Festival" is held on the second Saturday and Sunday of May, which is close to the anniversary of Hijikata Toshizo's death (May 5).[17].. 2019 is the 150th anniversary of his death[18].

A work with Toshizo Hijikata as the main character

The work in which Toshizo Hijikata appears isShinsengumi # Works on the theme of Shinsengumi,Category: Works based on ShinsengumiSee also.In the 40's, "Shinsengumi blood recordAnd 'Burn sword"soAsahi KurizukaHas gained national popularity since it was played.

Novel

Song

Comic

TV drama

Anime

ゲーム

Digital content

stage

  • Takarazuka Revue "Makoto no Gunzo"
  • Musical Hakuouki

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ Hino City Shinsengumi Hometown History Museum Series No. XNUMX "Special Exhibition Shinsengumi Birth" (Hino City)
  2. ^ a b new·Historical groupSeries 13 "Hijikata Toshizo" (Gakken)
  3. ^ "A new theory in Hijikata Toshizo's death poem" Every time I see the moon ... "" Hatena Bookmark / YOMIURI ONLINE (Yomiuri Shimbun) June 2012, 6 (Wednesday) 15:14
  4. ^ "111 Masters of the Sword Data File" (New person)
  5. ^ See "Hijikata Toshizo Talked by Offspring"
  6. ^ By Sato Satoshi ""
  7. ^ Masataka Kojima, "Shinsen Gumi Side Story"
  8. ^ Kozo Mochizuki's "Yumeno Uwago" and Hajime Mochizuki's "Confessions"
  9. ^ a b Hijikata Toshizo and Sword-Sword World Retrieved August 2020, 1
  10. ^ Hijikata Toshizo's sword "Yasutsugu Echizen" Digital archive system (viewed August 2019, 8)
  11. ^ "Print Character" Ming 26.1
  12. ^ "Hundred episodes of great men in the early modern period [regular edition]"National Diet LibraryDigital collection
  13. ^ "Shinsengumi Gold Talk"
  14. ^ "Comrade picture"
  15. ^ Takahata and Toshizo HijikataTakahata Fudoson Kongoji Temple (viewed January 2019, 1).
  16. ^ Shinsengumi Hometown Hino Hijikata Toshizo MuseumHino City Tourism Association (viewed on November 2018, 11).
  17. ^ Hi no Shinsengumi FestivalHino City Tourism Association (viewed on November 2019, 1).
  18. ^ 2019 is 150 years since Hijikata Toshizo died in a fierce battle in Hakodate.Hino City Hall (viewed January 2019, 1).

References

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