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📱 | Ko Nakamura Produce Mystery Solving A tour of famous places along the story


Ko Nakamura, a novelist who calls for participation in the quiz rally with a photo poster in his hand = Funamachi, Ogaki City

Going around famous places along the story of solving a mystery produced by Ko Nakamura

 
If you write the contents roughly
The entry fee is XNUMX yen including the "Platto Nishi Mino Passing Bill" with shopping coupons and free special treatment for cultural facilities.
 

A quiz rally "Ogaki / Mystery Solving / City Walk" produced by Ko Nakamura, a novelist from Ogaki City, Gifu Prefecture, will be held in January ... → Continue reading

 Gifu newspaper


Wikipedia related words

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Thousand yen bill

Thousand yen bill(Sensei) isBank of Japan notesOne (including Bank of Japan convertible ticket).Thousand yen ticket(Senenken),Thousand-yen billFace value 1,000, also known as (Senen Satsu)Yen Ofbill..It is the minimum face value of the currently issued Bank of Japan notes.

The XNUMX yen bills currently issued are2004å¹´(Heisei16 years)Hideyo Noguchi OfPortrait OfE ticket.

In addition, there are formerly issued A, B, C, and D tickets.There are five types of 5-yen banknotes issued so far, and all other than A is currently valid. ..

Kou ticket

  • Bank of Japan convertible ticket
  • Face value: Thousands (1,000 yen)
  • 表面 : Nippon TaketakaとTakebe ShrineMain hall
  • 裏面 :
  • seal: <Front side> Governor's seal <Back side> Document director, issuing director
  • Nameplate: Manufactured by Cabinet Printing Bureau
  • Serial number color: Black
  • Size: Vertical 100mm, Horizontal 172 mm
  • Delivery period from the Printing Bureau to the Bank of Japan : 1941å¹´(Showa16 years)12 - 1943å¹´(18)9[1]
  • Manufacturing number:8,100,000 sheets[1]
  • Issuance start date : 1945å¹´(20)8/17[2]
  • General suspension date : 1946å¹´(21)3/2
  • Revocation ticket

Second World WarAfterinflationFor a solutionFinancial Emergency Measures OrdinanceSuch asNew yen switchThe highest amount of banknotes before (old yen).

1941å¹´Production started in (Showa 16).1942å¹´(Showa 17)Ministry of FinancenoticeIt was issued by the Ministry of Finance with the authority to issue banknotes.Bank of JapanIt is formal because it is transferred to.This is because the banknotes printed by the Ministry of Finance cannot be issued after the transfer.Since it was issued under such circumstances, it will be kept dead by the Bank of Japan for several years after it is issued.

And right after the end of the war1945年(Showa20 years)8/17Circulation started with the issuance of other new banknotes, but it took less than a year from the issuance due to the change of the new yen,1946年(昭和21年)3月2日限りで失効した。製造数は8,100,000枚(うち発行数は不明)。失効後も、Certificate stampを貼り付けて臨時に新様式券(新円)の代わりとする「証紙貼付銀行券」が発行され流通・通用した。この「証紙貼付銀行券」も新円の流通拡大に伴い、1946年It expired at the end of October.

The new 2014 yen ticket (A 26 yen ticket) was not issued after all.In this way, the Kosen Yuan ticket was a short-lived, ultra-high-priced ticket.The number of existing tickets is not large because the number of issued tickets is small and most of them were collected because of the high price tickets.When converted to the current price (180 (Heisei XNUMX)), it is equivalent to about XNUMX million yen.

On the right side of the surface is "Nihonmatsuyama TombExcavated fromKofun period"Made of gold and bronzecrown"and"TankoThe portrait of Yamato Takeru wearing "", on the left is the main shrine of Takebe Shrine (currently Takebe Shrine)[Note 1]Is drawn.On the contourArabesque patternOthers,Jewel, Treasure Soka,Paulownia crestIs studded, and as a ground pattern, an eight-sided mirror-shaped outline and the outsideMizuun, Treasure Soka,chrysanthemumIt is treated. Although it is described as "Bank of Japan convertible ticket", the conversion of banknotes to gold coins has already been stopped at the time of issuance, so it is virtuallyFiat moneyMet.On the back side, along with the Aya crest,Paulownia,Arabesque patternEtc. are printed.At the right end of the back side, the "Bank of Japan" cut-off characters (characters printed so as to straddle the inside and outside of the face of the ticket like a tally) are arranged.透 か しIs with the letters "1000"PhoenixIt is a design of.

B ticket

  • Bank of Japan notes
  • Face value: Thousand yen (1,000 yen)
  • 表面 : Prince Shotoku
  • 裏面 : Horyuji templeYumeden
  • seal: <Front> Governor's seal <Back> Ticketing Director
  • Nameplate: Manufactured by the Government of Japan Printing Agency
  • Serial number color: Black
  • Size: Length 76mm, Width 164mm[3]
  • Delivery period from the Printing Bureau to the Bank of Japan : 1949å¹´(24)11 - 1963å¹´(38)8[1]
  • Manufacturing number:2,825,000,000 sheets[1]
  • Issuance start date : 1950å¹´(25)1/7[3]
  • Stop payment date : 1965å¹´(40)1/4
  • Valid ticket

inflationFor the purpose of suppressionNew yen switchA new banknote (No. A) was issued in Japan, but the issuance of a XNUMX-yen note was planned but was postponed as a result.[Note 2].. However, inflation continued after that, and the amount of issuance of A-hundred-yen notes increased significantly, requiring higher-value banknotes. In addition, since the poorly made A ticket was rampant, the B thousand yen ticket preceded other B tickets.1950å¹´Issued in.

A portrait of Prince Shotoku is drawn on the right side of the surface, and the circular frame surrounding the portrait is of Horyuji Temple.Old roof tilePattern, treasure soka on the top and bottom of the centerArabesque pattern, The ground pattern is owned by Horyuji TempleTamamushi Shrine"Transparent metal fittingsBalance"Pattern" is decorated.On the left side of the back side is the Horyuji Yumeden, and on the right side is a part of the textile design of the Shosoin Imperial Treasure "Shiki Shishi Karibunkishiki".OnceYuan ticket,Yuan ticketAlthough not so much, many designs related to Horyuji Temple and Shosoin, which are related to Prince Shotoku in portraiture, are adopted.

The first time that the same format as C, D, and E, such as "A1B" and "AB2C", was adopted for the serial number in the format of 6 or 1 digits + 123456 digits + 123456 digit alphabet. Japanese banknotes.

Unlike the high-priced Bank of Japan notes issued up to the A ticket, the size of the face of the note is horizontally long, and the style similar to this has been inherited since then.透 か しWith the letters "BOJ"Cherry blossomAlthough it is a design of, it is difficult to confirm because it overlaps with the printing.

The number of colors used is 5 colors on the front side (breakdown is 1 main pattern by concave printing, 2 background patterns, 1 color of seal, 1 color of serial number), 3 colors on the back side (breakdown is 1 main pattern by concave printing, ground pattern). 1 color, 1 color of seal).

C ticket

  • Bank of Japan notes
  • Face value: Thousand yen (1,000 yen)
  • 表面 : Ito Hirobumi[4]
  • 裏面 : Bank of Japan Head Office Main Building
  • seal: <Front> Governor's seal <Back> Ticketing Director
  • Nameplate: Manufactured by Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau
  • Serial number color: Black / blue (2 types depending on the manufacturing time)
  • Size: Length 76mm, Width 164mm[4]
  • Delivery period from the Printing Bureau to the Bank of Japan : 1963å¹´(38)5 - 1984å¹´(59)1[1]
  • Manufacturing number : [1]
    • 12,960,000,000 sheets (serial number: black)
    • 12,478,000,000 sheets (serial number: blue)
  • Issuance start date : 1963å¹´(38)11/1[4]
  • Stop payment date : 1986å¹´(Showa 61) January 1
  • Valid ticket

Forgery of B-thousand yen ticket due to improvement of printing technology[Note 3]Was newly issued due to frequent occurrence.

Hirobumi Ito (first generation) on the right side of the surfacePrime Minister) Portrait, at the bottomchrysanthemumAs a ground pattern, the treasure soka pattern and "Mrs. Tachibana's memorial Buddha kitchen" in the Horyuji collectionLight, On the upper left or rightCherry blossomIt is treated.The main building of the Bank of Japan Head Office is drawn in the center of the back.It has a very open design that removes the heavy frame-shaped outline frame that existed in conventional Bank of Japan notes.

透 か しIs the same as the portrait, but Hirobumi Ito has a profile unlike the portrait, and unlike the previous B ticket, that part is not printed, so this can be easily confirmed.

The initial serial number color was black[4]However, as the serial number has been issued by issuing 129 million copies, the serial number has been colored blue since the April 6 issue.[5]Was changed to.

The number of colors used is 10 colors on the front side (breakdown is 2 main pattern by concave printing, 6 background patterns, 1 color of seal, 1 color of serial number), 5 colors on the back side (breakdown is 1 main pattern by concave printing, ground pattern). 3 color, 1 color of seal).

Ticket D

  • Bank of Japan notes
  • Face value: Thousand yen (1,000 yen)
  • 表面 : Natsume Soseki[6]
  • 裏面 : Japanese crane
  • seal: <Front> Governor's seal <Back> Ticketing Director
  • Nameplate: Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau Manufacturing / Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau Manufacturing / National Printing Bureau Manufacturing (3 types depending on the manufacturing time)
  • Serial number color: Black / blue / brown / dark green (4 types depending on the manufacturing time)
  • Size: Length 76mm, Width 150mm[6]
  • Delivery period from the Printing Bureau to the Bank of Japan : 1983å¹´(58)8[1] - 2003å¹´(Heisei15 years)
  • Issuance start date : 1984å¹´(59)11/1[6]
  • Stop payment date : 2007å¹´(19)4/2
  • Valid ticket

Approximately 20 years have passed since the issuance of the C issue, and the printing technology and anti-counterfeiting technology have become obsolete, so the D thousand yen ticket was issued.D XNUMX yen ticket,D XNUMX yen ticketIn addition, the three ticket types will be reprinted at the same time, and the D ticket at each face value will be a portraitCultural personWas adopted. The B-thousand-yen note and the C-thousand-yen note were the same size, but this D-thousand-yen note was 14 mm shorter on the long side.The size of this D-thousand-yen note is followed even after the later E-thousand-yen note.

For the portrait of the XNUMX-yen noteNovelistNatsume Soseki was selected, and a portrait is drawn on the right side of the surface.In addition, the photograph of the original pictureEmperor Meiji OfdemiseIt was taken shortly after, and because Soseki himself was also an ardent worshiper of Emperor Meiji.MourningIt is a portrait wearing a black tie inside.On the back side with a blank in the center on both sidesSpecial Natural MonumentIsKushiro shitsugenThe pair of Japanese cranes is drawn, and the left side is雄, Right sidefemaleIs.Also, in the center of the ticket透 か しPart ofellipseThe blank space is the red-crowned craneeggIt is an image of the shape of.

Many of the Bank of Japan notes have the Bank of Japan emblem only on the back side, but with this D XNUMX yen noteD XNUMX yen ticketThen, the Bank of Japan insignia is also included in the place where the letters of the face value on the surface overlap.

The watermark is Natsume Soseki, the same as the portrait.Visually impairedIdentification mark in the lower left corner when viewed from the surface so that the ticket type can be easily identified by touch[Note 4]Is given by a watermark.

The color of the initial serial number was black,[6], 129 million sheets have been issued and the serial number has gone round, so the color of the serial number has changed to blue from the issue on November 6, 1990 (Heisei 2)[7].. Change the color of the serial number to brown from the date of issue on December 1993, 5.[8]WithMicro character,UVLuminous ink (surface seal "Governor's seal"), etc.Counterfeit billPreventive technology is applied.

This brown serial number also issued 129 million copies and the serial number has completed, so the color of the serial number was changed to dark green from the issue on April 6, 2000.[9].. For dark green serial numbers, the manufacturer initiallyMinistry of FinancePrinting Bureau"[6], Published from May 2001, 13 (Heisei 5)Ministry of FinancePrinting Bureau"[10], Published from May 2003, 15 (Heisei 7)National Printing Bureau'[11]There are three types.

The number of colors used is 9 colors on the front side (breakdown is 2 main pattern by concave printing, 5 background patterns, 1 color of seal, 1 color of serial number), 4 colors on the back side (breakdown is 1 main pattern by concave printing, ground pattern). 2 color, 1 color of seal).

E ticket

  • Bank of Japan notes
  • Face value: Thousand yen (1,000 yen)
  • 表面 : Hideyo Noguchi[12]
  • 裏面 : Mount Fuji(Lake MotosuReflected inUpside down fuji)WhenCherry Blossoms
  • seal: <Front> Governor's seal <Back> Ticketing Director
  • Nameplate: Manufactured by the National Printing Bureau
  • Serial number color: Black / brown / dark blue (3 types depending on the manufacturing time)
  • Size: Length 76mm, Width 150mm[12]
  • Issuance start date : 2004å¹´(16)11/1[12]
  • Issuing
  • Valid ticket

Twenty years have passed since the issuance of the D ticket, and since elaborate counterfeit tickets have been discovered, the same as last time.E XNUMX yen ticket,E XNUMX yen ticketIn addition, the three ticket types were reprinted at the same time.The basic color is inherited from the same color tone as the D ticket, and the E thousand yen ticket isD XNUMX yen ticketSame asblueIt is a systematic shade.

On the right side of the surfaceBacteriologyA portrait of Hideyo Noguchi is drawn, and on the left side of the back is Mt. Fuji, which is a representative mountain of Japan, and upside-down Fuji reflected in Lake Motosu.is thisKoyo OkadaShooting "Spring on the lake"写真The original picture is based onD XNUMX yen ticketSame as, but with slightly different details and on the leftAkamatsuSakuraka is added instead of.In addition, cherry blossoms are also decorated on the right end of the back side as a ground pattern.透 か しIs Hideyo Noguchi, the same as the portrait.

Anti-counterfeit technology excludes optical change inkD XNUMX yen ticketOf these, pearl ink is placed on the left and right ends of the ticket, and on this ticket, it is printed as the letters "thousand yen" on the latent image pattern on the lower left. It is characteristic that it is.In addition, a new "plow-in bar pattern" has been adopted, in which the paper is thinned to the right side when viewed from the front, and a plow is inserted, and the 1-yen bill has one vertical bar plow near the right side of the portrait. ..For special luminescent ink,UVUpon irradiation, the seal "Governor's Seal" on the front surface emits orange light, and part of the ground pattern on the front and back surfaces emits yellow green light.

In addition, although it has not been officially announced, the front and back sides of "D", "Ho", and "N" (Japan)KatakanaIs included as a secret mark, and following the XNUMX yen billEurionも採用されている。ただしE XNUMX yen ticket,E XNUMX yen ticketUnlikehologramは採用されていない。

Visually impairedThere are uneven prints on the left and right sides of the bottom edge of the bill so that you can identify the denomination by touching it.[13]..The 3-yen note is L-shaped (inverted L-shaped), the XNUMX-yen note is octagonal, the XNUMX-yen note is three circles (braille "ni"), and the XNUMX-yen note is _ (underlined).[14]. Also,National Printing BureauHas provided an app "Kaiyoshi-kun" that can be identified and read aloud on a smartphone.[15].

The serial number was printed in black at the time of issuance, but as the combination was exhausted by issuing 129 million sheets, the Bank of Japan and the Ministry of Finance2011å¹´(23)7/19Started issuing tickets with brown serial numbers[16][17][18]..In addition, since the number of tickets with this brown serial number was exhausted by issuing 129 million tickets, it was changed to dark blue from the one issued on March 6, 2019 (Heisei 31).[19][20]..This is the first time in history that the print color of serial numbers has been changed twice in a row due to the exhaustion of serial number combinations in Japanese banknotes.[Note 5].

The number of colors used is 13 colors on the front side (breakdown is 2 main pattern by concave printing, 9 background patterns, 1 color of seal, 1 color of serial number), 7 colors on the back side (breakdown is 1 main pattern by concave printing, ground pattern). 5 color, 1 color of seal).

New banknotes to be issued in 2024

2024å¹´(Reiwa 6th year) Around the first half of the year, XNUMX yen tickets for the purpose of strengthening counterfeit resistanceXNUMX yen ticket-XNUMX yen ticket3 ticket types will be reprinted at the same time[21].

The portrait of the surface of the renewed XNUMX-yen banknoteMedical scienceKitasato Shibasaburo, the back side is world famousUkiyo-eIt is planned to be changed to "Kanagawa Okinami Ura" (written by Katsushika Hokusai) of the XNUMX views of Tomitake.

High-definition plow patterns and patch-type 3D holograms will be introduced as new anti-counterfeiting technologies.[22]..Identification marks for the visually impaired are placed in the upper right and lower left corners, with a large Arabic numeral "1000".

Other matters related to XNUMX yen bills

  • In Japan, “high-priced banknotes” are generally XNUMX-yen and XNUMX-yen banknotes for XNUMX-yen banknote[Note 6]Refers to. Of banknotes in general circulationMoney changerThere are some that support only XNUMX yen bills and some that support all bills, and the latter is sometimes called a "high-value bill exchange machine" to distinguish it from the former exchange machine.Beverage-た ば こEtc.vending machine,Transit BusMany currency exchange machines, etc. only accept XNUMX-yen bills.
  • The lifespan of 1 yen bills in circulation is about 2-XNUMX years on average due to the frequent exchange of change and the like.

透 か し

To prevent counterfeiting透 か しIs used.

Unissued banknotes

  • Yuan ticket(Nippon Taketaka):1945å¹´(Showa 20)Second World WarRapidly after the end of the warinflationAlthough it was an ultra-high-priced ticket at that time, it was aimed at responding to the rapid increase in demand for banknotes.Offset printingIt is a simple banknote of.However, during the inspectionMinister of FinanceI happened to see a banknote being printed, and it was too poor and shabby, so issuing it could rather arouse the inflationary sentiment of the people and impress the decline of Japan's national power. It is said that the announcement and issuance were postponed in consideration of the negative impact of concerns about counterfeiting.[23]..The design is a portrait of Yamato Takeru on the right side of the surface and on the left side.Takebe ShrineThe main shrine is drawn, and the ground pattern has an eight-ridged mirror-shaped outline and the outside.Mizuun, Treasure Soka, etc. are decorated.Yuan ticketIn addition to the change to the title "Bank of Japan notes", the changes are the deletion of the convertible wording, the change of the position of the issuing bank name, the change of the name plate, and the difference in the position and number of seals. (Printing "Governor's seal" and "Ticketing bureau chief" on the surface) and changing and simplifying the printing color of the ground pattern.On the back side, along with Ayamon, Hosoka,Paulownia,Arabesque patternEtc. are drawn, but this is also a design that diverted the Kosen ticket almost as it is on the surface, and the changes are the change of the title, the deletion of the English notation ("YEN") at the bottom, and the printing color. It's just a change.The dimensions are 100mm in length and 172mm in width, the same as the Kosen ticket.The serial number is printed in red with only the group number (symbol), and there is no serial number, and the name plate is "Manufactured by the Empire of Japan Printing Bureau".透 か し ThePaulowniaIt is a leaflet watermark with a white watermark of the pattern of. 1945 million pieces were manufactured in November 20 (Showa 11)[1]However, due to the cancellation of the issuance plan, the manufactured ones have been disposed of, so only the sample ticket remains.
  • A thousand tickets - 1946å¹´(Showa 21) (Nippon Takeru): 1946 (Showa 21)New yen switchRegarding new banknotes for the purpose of anti-counterfeiting, for high-value banknotesIntaglio printingGHQ (Allied Supreme Commander General Command) Is a banknote prepared in response to the intention.Existing existing intaglio printing was used because there was not enough time to prepare a new designYuan ticketの図柄をほぼそのまま流用し、刷色を変更しただけのデザインとなっている。刷色以外の変更点は、表面中央に赤色の新円標識(MizuunとCherry blossom)[Note 8]を加刷し、表面に「総裁之印」・「発券局長」の2つの印章を配し裏面の印章を取りやめたことである。寸法も甲千圓券と同じく縦100mm、横172mmである。銘板は「内閣印刷局製造」で、透 か し ThePaulowniaIt is a leaflet watermark with a white watermark of the pattern of.GHQ approval for design and issuance was obtained, but due to the issuance of ultra-high-priced ticketsinflationConcerns about the promotion and the "Bank of Japan" as it isConvertible ticketThe issue was postponed due to the notation and the remaining convertible wording.[24].. 1946 million pieces were manufactured from February to March 21 (Showa 2).[1]However, due to the postponement of issuance, it was disposed of and only the sample ticket remains.

References

  • Takashi Uemura, "Modern History of Bill Portraits," Yoshikawa Kobunkan, June 2015.ISBN 978-4-64-203845-4.
  • Takashi Uemura, "Portrait of Japanese Banknotes and the Mystery of Design," Japan Numismatic Dealers Association, January 2019.ISBN 978-4-93-081024-3.

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Although the main shrine still exists, the worship hall was built in front of it, and a corridor connecting the worship hall and the main shrine was built, so it is no longer possible to see the same scenery.
  2. ^ So the highest denomination at that time wasA hundred yen ticketMet
  3. ^ Ji-37 caseな ど
  4. ^ One ○Braille"A"
  5. ^ In the previous D 1 yen note, the printing color of the serial number was changed from black → blue → brown → dark green, but the change from blue → brown is not due to exhaustion of the combination of serial numbers but due to mini reprint Yes, because the printing color of the serial number is only changed once for the C XNUMX yen ticket, D XNUMX yen ticket, E XNUMX yen ticket, D XNUMX yen ticket, and E XNUMX yen ticket.
  6. ^ In a broad sense, XNUMX yen bills
  7. ^ The design isA pick-up ticketHowever, due to GHQ's instructions that the portrait design was inappropriate, the statue of General Korihira wasHouses of ParliamentWas changed to.
  8. ^ A hundred yen ticketSimilar to

Source

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau "Japanese Money Modern Currency Handbook" Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau, June 1994, pp. 6-242.ISBN 9784173121601.
  2. ^ 1942å¹´(17)4/16AttachMinistry of FinancenoticeWas announced as April 4th of the same year
  3. ^ a b December 1949, 24 (December 12, 28) Ministry of Finance Notification No. 1048 "Matters that determine the format of XNUMX yen banknotes issued from January XNUMX, XNUMX"
  4. ^ a b c d March 1963, 38, Ministry of Finance Bulletin No. 3 "Matters to determine the format of 5 yen banknotes to be issued during the year 55"
  5. ^ March 1976, 51 (Showa 3), Ministry of Finance Bulletin No. 18 "Matters to determine the format of 22 yen banknotes of Japan, which will be issued during the year of Showa XNUMX"
  6. ^ a b c d e June 59, 1984, Ministry of Finance Bulletin No. 6 “Matters of Bank of Japan issued from November 25, 76, to determine the format of Iken Yen, XNUMX Yen and XNUMX Yen”
  7. ^ June 2, 1990, Ministry of Finance Bulletin No. 6, "Matters to determine the format of 20 yen banknotes issued from November 107, XNUMX."
  8. ^ June 5, 1993, Ministry of Finance Bulletin No. 6 "Matters of Bank of Japan issued from December 24, 134 to determine the format of Iken Yen, XNUMX Yen and XNUMX Yen"
  9. ^ February 12, 2000, Ministry of Finance Notification No. 2 “Matters for determining the format of 2 yen banknotes issued from April 26, XNUMX”
  10. ^ March 13, 2001, Ministry of Finance Bulletin No. 3 "Matters of Bank of Japan Issued from May 30, 85, for Ichiman Yen, XNUMX Yen, and Thousand Yen Styles"
  11. ^ June 15, 2003, Ministry of Finance Bulletin No. 6, "Formation of Bank of Japan Ichiman yen, 13 yen, and 482 yen format to be issued from July XNUMX, XNUMX "
  12. ^ a b c August 2004, 16 (Ministry of Finance) No. 8, "Bank of Japan notes that will be issued from November 13, 374, XNUMX yen, XNUMX yen, and XNUMX yen format will be established. Case"
  13. ^ Life of the visually impaired--How to identify money [FTCJ Philippines School for the Blind]
  14. ^ Identification mark (intaglio printing)
  15. ^ Bill identification app "Ikichi-kun"
  16. ^ April 2011, 23, Ministry of Finance Notification No. 4 "Matters to determine the format of Bank of Japan Ichiman yen and 26 yen that will be issued from July 141, XNUMX"
  17. ^ Bank of Japan (April 2011, 4). “Regarding the change in the printing color of the symbols and numbers of XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen banknotes". 2011/4/26Browse.
  18. ^ Ministry of Finance (April 2011, 4). “Change the printing color of the symbols and numbers of the XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen banknotes". 2011/4/26Browse.
  19. ^ "Change the printing color of the symbols and numbers on the Bank of Japan Thousand Yen Notes”. Ministry of Finance. 2018/10/19Browse.
  20. ^ "Thousand-yen bill, "new color" appearing in March next year The symbol and number are dark blue”. Asahi Shimbun. 2018/10/19Browse.
  21. ^ "Issuing new Bank of Japan notes and XNUMX yen coins”(Japanese). Ministry of Finance. 2019/4/9Browse.
  22. ^ "Issuing new Bank of Japan notes and XNUMX yen coins”. Ministry of Finance (June 2019, 4). 2019/4/15Browse.
  23. ^ Takashi Uemura, "Modern History of Portraits of Banknotes," Yoshikawa Kobunkan, June 2015, pp. 6-183.ISBN 9784642038454.
  24. ^ Bank of Japan notes not issued p.27 --Bank of Japan

References

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