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👩‍🎓 | Examination Research Company releases "Junior High School 10 Minute Review Drill" 1/24


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Examination research company releases "Junior high school 10-minute review drill" 1/24

 
If you write the contents roughly
In addition, it corresponds to the "new course of study" of junior high school that will be implemented from 2021.
 

On January 2021, 1, Shoshindo / Examination Research Company will release the "Junior High School 24-minute Review Drill".Medium 10, Medium 1, Medium 2-1 ... → Continue reading

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The educational environment, university entrance examination reform, and the environment surrounding children are undergoing major changes. Amid the changes of this era, parents' interest in the education and career of children is only increasing. Risemum will transmit accurate and useful information centered on educational information, as a medium that is close to the hearts of parents. We will promptly deliver information that parents are interested in such as education reform, international education, examinations, educational events, STEM education including programming.


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Course of Study

Course of StudyIs theMinistry of education noticeToPrimary EducationandSecondary educationInCurriculumIs the standard.

Overview

The course of study isSchool education lawSchools prescribed in Article 1 (so-calledIchijo school) Out ofprimary school,Junior high school,Compulsory education school(First half/second half),high school,Secondary school(First half/second half),Special schoolEach of (elementary school, junior high school, high school)Dedicated to pre-school and extra curricularIs eachSubjectThe contents taught inSchool Education Law Enforcement RegulationsIt is determined based on the provisions of.National school,Public school,private schoolIt applies to all schools, but in the actual situation it has a strong influence on public schools and not so much on private schools.[1].

On the other hand, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology has issued a "Learning Guideline Commentary" that describes more detailed items of the Learning Guideline, and unlike the Learning Guideline, it is not legally binding,Textbook verification rulesThere is no stipulation that the guideline must be followed. However, only the formulas presented in the course of study commentary for some subjects are actually described in the textbook.[2]Such,Academic book certificationIt has a strong influence when it is and is virtually binding.

Incidentally,Preschool educationDoKindergartenOr a special needs school kindergarten, orChildcare cooperation type certified child institutionThen, as an equivalent to the course of studyEducationThere is (Kyoiku Yoryo).

Transitional measures

Transitional measuresMeans that some years before the course of study is implemented, some of the content of the old course (contents that will be transferred to the upper grade, etc.) or some of the content of the new course (transferred from the upper grade) Content etc.) is to be added. MEXT is implementing it as a necessary measure for transition[3][4].

Grade progress

Grade progressIs a method of implementing the curriculum guidelines in high school.Even if the new course of study is implemented in the first grade, the previous course of study will remain in the second and third grades.

Message

Although the content of the curriculum varies slightly depending on the school type, it basically consists of the following six items.

Elementary school2018年From (30), junior high school2019年From (31), "morality", which had been an extracurricular activity (area) until now, has become "special subject morality". However, high schools do not deal with "special subject morals". In special support schools, in addition to the above,IndependenceIs included. Also,2002年(14) from elementary school to junior high school,2003年Founded in high school in 15Comprehensive learning timeIs specified in the general rules.2011年In the learning guidelines enforced in (23),Comprehensive learning timeIs specified in a separate chapter. Also,2011年According to the curriculum guidelines enforced in (23), in the upper grades of elementary schoolForeign language activitiesWas newly stipulated.

The content of the course of study is about various incidents related to school,Examination warIntensification,School refusal,School violence,Lower academic abilityProblems, especially history, are changing due to past relationships between neighboring countries and Japan and how to understand them.

Legal position

The composition and details of the unit of each subject are instructeddecreeis not. HoweverSchool Education Law Enforcement RegulationsThere is some debate about its effectiveness because it is determined based on the above, but in the case of Denshukan High SchoolSupreme CourtInPrecedentAccording to the report, there are some expressions that are not legally binding, but it is judged that they are legally binding as a whole.[5].

Transition

  • The year is the year that the elementary school started in earnest.
  • One credit time is 1 minutes for elementary school and 45 minutes for junior high school and high school.

1947-

The course of study that has been carried out for some time after World War II. As a guide, each school had great discretionary power.1953年Until (Showa 28), it was called the Course of Study (Tentative).

In elementary schools, pre-war training, geography, and history were abolished, social studies were newly established, and home economicsCo-educationBecame. Free study was newly established.

School typeSubject classificationSubject, subjectEducational activities other than subject
primary schoolSubjectJapanese language, arithmetic, society, science, music, drawing, home, physical education, free study
Junior high schoolRequired subjectsJapanese language, calligraphy, society, national history, mathematics, science, music, drawing work, physical education, occupation (agriculture, commerce, fisheries, industry, home)
Elective subjectForeign language, calligraphy, profession, independent study
high schoolSubjectNational languageJapanese, Chinese
社会General society, national history, world history, human geography, current affairs
MathGeneral mathematics, analysis (1), geometry, analysis (2)
sciencePhysics, chemistry, biology, geology
physical education
EntertainmentMusic, drawings, calligraphy, crafts
家庭General household, family, childcare, home accounting, food, clothing
Foreign language
Agricultural subjects, industrial subjects, commerce subjects, fishery subjects, homework subjects, and other vocational subjects
  • The vocational course of junior high school is taken by selecting one to several subjects depending on the school facilities and the student's wishes.
  • High school national language, general society, and physical education are compulsory.
  • High school social studies must be taken from national history, world history, human geography, and current affairs.
  • In high school mathematics, one subject must be taken from general mathematics, analysis (1), geometry, and analysis (2).
  • High school science must take one subject from physics, chemistry, biology, and earth science.
  • High school learning guidelines1948年It has been implemented since (23),1949年It was revised in (Showa 24). The table above shows the 1949 version.

1951-

Course of study implemented from 1951.

The total number of classes in elementary school is 5780. The total number of classes in junior high school is 3045.

Free study was abolished and the activities were changed to non-subject activities (elementary school) and special education activities (junior high school). The calligraphy of junior high school was integrated into the Japanese language department, and the national history was integrated into the social studies. The physical education department was changed to the health and physical education department. The vocational course was changed to vocational/home economics.

School typeSubject classificationEach subject, each subjectEducational activities other than subject
primary schoolSubjectNational language, math, social studies, science, music, drawing work, home, physical education
Junior high schoolRequired subjectsJapanese language, society, mathematics, science, music, drawing, health and physical education, occupation/family
Elective subjectForeign language, occupation/family, and other subjects
high schoolSubjectNational languageJapanese (Kou), Japanese (Otsu), Kanji
社会General society, Japanese history, world history, human geography, current affairs
MathGeneral mathematics, analysis (1), geometry, analysis (2)
sciencePhysics, chemistry, biology, geology
Health and physical educationHealth, physical education
artMusic, drawings, calligraphy, crafts
家庭General home, home, childcare, home accounting, food, clothing
Foreign language
Agriculture, industry, commerce, fisheries, household crafts, and other specially required subjects
  • High school national language (A), general society, health and physical education are compulsory.
  • For high school social studies, one course must be taken from Japanese history, world history, humanities geography, and current affairs.
  • In high school mathematics, one subject must be taken from general mathematics, analysis (1), geometry, and analysis (2).
  • High school science must take one subject from physics, chemistry, biology, and earth science.

1956-

Only the high school learning guidelines have been revised.

1956年(Showa 31) It was carried out in the first grade from the first grade.

The number of hours of instruction for special education activities (1-3 hours per week) was stipulated (a guideline for the number of hours of instruction was given in the previous course of study).

School typeSubject classificationEach subject, each subjectEducational activities other than subject
high schoolSubjectNational languageJapanese (Kou), Japanese (Otsu), KanjiSpecial education activities (home room activities, student council activities, club activities)
社会Society, Japanese History, World History, Human Geography
MathMathematics I, Mathematics II, Mathematics III, Applied Mathematics
sciencePhysics, chemistry, biology, geology
Health and physical educationPhysical education, health
artMusic, art, crafts, calligraphy
Foreign languageFirst foreign language, second foreign language
家庭General household, clothing, food, childcare/family, home management
Home, agriculture, industry, commerce, fisheries, and other specially required subjects
  • High school national language (A), society, mathematics I, physical education, health are compulsory.
  • High school social studies must take two courses from Japanese history, world history, and human geography.
  • High school science must take one subject from physics, chemistry, biology, and earth science.

1961-

A curriculum that emphasizes systematicity. By establishing new moral time and improving science and technology education, we have made the character clear as the standard of the curriculum. Forced learning guidelines for public schools were enforced.

The learning guidelines for elementary and junior high schools are1958年Announced in (33)[6], Elementary school1961年(Showa 36) From junior high school1962年(Showa 37) It was carried out every time, but only morals have been carried out from October 1958. In addition, the pharmaceutical industry1962年(Showa 37) was added. High school learning guidelines1960年(Showa 35),1963年(Showa 38) It was carried out in the first grade from the first grade.

primary schoolThe total number of class hours for 6 years is 5821, and the total number of class hours for the country, arithmetic, science and company is 3941.Junior high schoolThe total number of classes during the three years is 3 frames.

The vocational/home economics of junior high school was changed to technical/home economics, and two classes of A, B (or A/B) were established in high school classics, world history, geography, mathematics II, physics, chemistry, and English.・The number of courses has increased significantly, such as taking one of them depending on your aptitude and career. In addition to compulsory foreign languages ​​in high school, the rules regarding course registration increased.

School typeSubject classificationEach subject, each subjectEducational activities other than subject
primary schoolSubjectJapanese language, society, math, science, music, drawing, home, physical educationmoral
Junior high schoolRequired subjectsJapanese language, society, mathematics, science, music, art, health and physical education, technology/homeMorals, special education activities (student council activities, club activities, class activities)
Elective subjectForeign languages, agriculture, industry, commerce, fisheries, home, pharmacy, mathematics, music, art
high schoolSubjectNational languageModern Japanese, classical Kou, classical Otsu I, classical Otsu IISpecial education activities (home room activities, student council activities, club activities)
社会Ethics/Society, Politics/Economy, Japanese History, World History A, World History B, Geography A, Geography B
MathMathematics I, Mathematics IIA, Mathematics IIB, Mathematics III, Applied Mathematics
sciencePhysics A, Physics B, Chemistry A, Chemistry B, Biology, Earth Science
Health and physical educationPhysical education, health
artMusic I, Music II, Art I, Art II, Crafts I, Crafts II, Calligraphy I, Calligraphy II
Foreign languageOther subjects related to English A, English B, German, French and foreign languages
家庭Household
Home, agriculture, industry, commerce, fisheries, music, art and other specially required subjects
  • As a general rule, the foreign language of the selected subject in junior high school is to take one of English, German, French, and other modern foreign languages ​​from the first grade.
  • High school modern language, ethics/society, politics/economics, mathematics I, physical education, health are compulsory.
  • In the Japanese language course of the high school, one course must be either Classic Kou or Classic Otsu I (classic, music and art students take Classic Otsu I unless there are special circumstances).
  • For high school social studies, regular course students must take three courses: Japanese history, world history A or B, and geography A or B. Students in the profession, music, and arts must take one course from Japanese history, world history A or B, and one course from geography A or B.
  • In high school mathematics, regular, music, and arts students must take one mathematics IIA or IIB course. Vocational students must take one course from Mathematics IIA or IIB or Applied Mathematics.
  • As for science in high school, students in the ordinary course must take four subjects: physics A or B, chemistry A or B, biology, and earth science. Students in the profession, music, and art department must take two courses from physics A or B, chemistry A or B, biology, and earth science.
  • In the high school art department, regular and vocational students must take one course from music I, art I, craft I, and calligraphy I. Music department students must take one course from art I, craft I, and calligraphy I. Students in the art department must take one course, Music I or Calligraphy I.
  • Be sure to take one of the courses for foreign languages ​​in high school.
  • For home economics in high school, female students in the general course are required to attend home in general.

1971-

Modernization curriculumA dense course of study that is said to be. Achieve modernization of educational content by introducing educational content that responds to the progress of the times.

USSR 1957年(Showa 32)Artificial satelliteSputnik 1Was launched in every part of America.Sputnik shock"I was shocked. The US government has enhanced school education to counter the Soviet Union,Science and technologyTried to develop. Along with this, there was a movement called "Modernization of Educational Contents," which started from elementary and junior high schools to provide fairly advanced education. This movement spread to Japan,CurriculumWas assembled,LessonWas criticized as "Shinkansen class" because it was too fast. Public schools at that timeprivate schoolHowever, the learning content was not so different. After all, in some cases, the textbooks could not be digested, and some of the contents of the textbooks were skipped.

Elementary school learning guidelines1968年Announced in (43)1971年(Showa 46) Implemented from time to time, junior high school learning guidelines1969年Announced in (44)1972年It was carried out from (47) degree. High school curriculum guidelines1970年(Showa 45),1973年(Showa 48) It was carried out in the first grade from the first grade.

The total number of class hours for elementary school 6 years is 5821, and the total number of class hours for national, arithmetic, science and company is 3941.Junior high schoolThe total number of classes during the three years is 3 frames.

In high school social studies and science, the division of A and B in the old course was stopped, and geography A (systematic geography) and geography B (geographical) were newly established.

School typeSubject classificationEach subject, each subjectEducational activities other than subject
primary schoolSubjectJapanese language, society, math, science, music, drawing, home, physical educationmoral
Junior high schoolRequired subjectsJapanese language, society, mathematics, science, music, art, health and physical education, technology/homemoral,
Extracurricular activities (student activities [class meeting activities, student association activities, club activities], class guidance, school events)
Elective subjectForeign languages, agriculture, industry, commerce, fisheries, home, and other specially required subjects
high schoolSubjectNational languageModern Japanese, Classic I, Classic I B, Classic IIHome room, student council activities, club activities, school events
社会Ethics/Society, Politics/Economy, Japanese History, World History, Geography A, Geography B
MathGeneral Mathematics, Mathematics I, Mathematics IIA, Mathematics IIB, Mathematics III, Applied Mathematics
scienceBasic Science, Physics I, Physics II, Chemistry I, Chemistry II, Biology I, Biology II, Geography I, Geography II
Health and physical educationPhysical education, health
artMusic I, Music II, Music III, Art I, Art II, Art III, Craft I, Craft II, Craft III, Calligraphy I, Calligraphy II, Calligraphy III
Foreign languageBeginner English, English A, English B, English Conversation, German, French and other subjects related to foreign languages
家庭Household
Home, agriculture, industry, commerce, fisheries, nursing, science and math, music, art and other specially required subjects
  • As a general rule, the foreign language of the elective subject of junior high school is one language from English, German, French, and other foreign languages ​​from the first grade.
  • High school modern Japanese language, Classic I, ethics/society, politics/economics, physical education, health are compulsory. However, if you want to take Classic I B, you do not need to take Classic I.
  • For high school social studies, be sure to take two courses from Japanese history, world history, and geography A or B.
  • For high school mathematics, be sure to take one course from general mathematics and mathematics I.
  • For high school science, you must take one basic science course or two courses from physics I, chemistry I, biology I, and earth science I.
  • High school art department must take one subject from music I, art I, craft I, and calligraphy I.
  • Home economics at high school requires female students to take home lessons in general (except for special circumstances where there are special circumstances).

1980-

A course of study in which the content of study in the subject has been reduced (at that time, there were also classes every Saturday). Aim for a fulfilling school life by narrowing down the goals and contents of each subject. Also known as "primary leisure education," led by Terawaki Lab. According to the XNUMX-year history of the school system published by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, the major feature is that the teaching contents of each subject are carefully selected and the class time is drastically reduced.[7].

Prior to this revision, the tendency was to increase the amount of learning, which is a very important turning point when considering the history of education in Japan.

1971 yearsModernization curriculumIn addition to being overcrowded, due to lack of preparation at the site and lack of teachers' ability, the lesson content was reduced from the reflection that gave birth to students who could not keep up.1976年A proposal to reduce the learning content in (Showa 51)Central Education CouncilIt was done in. Private schools did not make much reductions, so they began to make a difference with public schools. There is also criticism that it did not produce as much space as intended because the learning content was not all reduced and the number of Kanji characters increased.School group systemIt was also the time when it became clear that the achievement record of public schools declined. In particular, most students cannot use it as a university entrance exam in their first year of high school, 1 units in "Modern Society", 4 units in "Science I" (remaining junior high school), and 4 units in "free time" However, it caused the difficulty of setting a timetable in a high school that is not a 2-year school. In particular, although "probability/statistics" was part of Mathematics II, it became the third year dividend, and many students in the liberal arts class did not even take it. For this reason, most liberal arts students have "sets and logics", "necessary and sufficient conditions", "permutations/combinations", "overlapping permutations," which are crucial not only in economics and law but also in computer science. Since we did not learn "overlapping combinations", we created many challenges. (In this curriculum, only Kyoto University and Hitotsubashi University gave "probability / statistics" questions in individual academic ability tests, and even the University of Tokyo did not.)

The direction toward the so-called "comfort" has been under the Nakasone administration since the proposal of the Nikkyogumi in 1972.Extraordinary Education CouncilIt was gradually developed based on the report of, etc., and the history of introducing biweekly holidays on Saturday and shifting to a full weekly two-day system was traced.

The teaching guidelines for elementary and junior high schools1977年(Showa 52)1980年(Showa 55) From junior high school1981年It was carried out from (56) degree. High school curriculum guidelines1978年(Showa 53),1982年(Showa 57) It was carried out in the first grade from the first grade.

The total number of class hours during the 6 years of elementary school is 5785, and the total number of class hours for national, arithmetic, science and company is 3659. The total number of classes for 3 years at junior high school is 3150.

The options for the selected subjects of middle school were expanded. The standards for taking courses at high school have been relaxed.

School typeSubject classificationEach subject, each subjectEducational activities other than subject
primary schoolSubjectJapanese language, society, math, science, music, drawing, home, physical educationmoral
Extracurricular activities (children's activities [class meeting activities, children's association activities, club activities], school events, class guidance)
Junior high schoolRequired subjectsJapanese language, society, mathematics, science, music, art, health and physical education, technology/homemoral
Special activities (student activities [classroom activities, student council activities, club activities], school events, class guidance)
Elective subjectForeign languages, music, art, health and physical education, technology / home, and other specially required subjects
high schoolSubjects for general educationNational languageNational language I, national language II, national language expression, modern sentences, classicsSpecial activities (home room, student organization activities, club activities, school events)
社会Modern society, Japanese history, world history, geography, ethics, politics / economy
MathMathematics I, Mathematics II, Algebra / Geometry, Basic Analysis, Differentiation / Integration, Probability / Statistics
scienceScience I, Science II, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Earth Science
Health and physical educationPhysical education, health
artMusic I, Music II, Music III, Art I, Art II, Art III, Craft I, Craft II, Craft III, Calligraphy I, Calligraphy II, Calligraphy III
Foreign languageOther subjects related to English I, English II, English IIA, English IIB, English IIC, German, French and foreign languages
家庭Household
Other specially required subjects
Each subject related to specialized educationHome, Agriculture, Industry, Commerce, Fisheries, Nursing, Science and Mathematics, Physical Education, Music, Art, English, and other special subjects
  • As a general rule, the foreign language of the elective subject of junior high school is one language from English, German, French, and other foreign languages ​​from the first grade.
  • High school national language I, modern society, mathematics I, science I, physical education, and health are compulsory (however, if there are special circumstances, even if you take two subjects, ethics and politics / economics, instead of modern society Good).
  • High school art department must take one subject from music I, art I, craft I, and calligraphy I.
  • In high school home economics, female students are required to attend the general household (except when the number of female students is extremely small in the departments that mainly focus on specialized education).
  • High school English IIA is equivalent to oral communication in the current course, English IIB is equivalent to reading, and English IIC is equivalent to writing.

1992-

New view of academic abilityAppearance. A curriculum guideline that further reduces the learning content of subjects, which was revised with the aim of education that makes the most of individuality. Achieved the development of rich human beings who can respond to changes in society by establishing a new life science department and enhancing moral education. Sixth revision after the war.

The course of study is1989年(XNUMX)[8]Was notified to the elementary school1992年(4), junior high school1993年It was implemented from (5). High school1994年(6) It was carried out from the first grade to the grade progress.

The total number of class hours for 6 years of elementary school is 5785, and the total number of class hours for country, arithmetic, science, company, and life is 3659. The total number of classes in the third year of junior high school is 3.

In the first and second grades of elementary schoolscience-Social studies[9]Instead ofLife courseWas introduced[10].. Social studies in high schoolDepartment of Geography and History(Each subject of world history and Japanese history isModern historyEach B subject is composed of the whole contents from ancient times.Geography A is a composition centered on physical geography, while geography B is an overall content that incorporates systematic geography and regional geography.The old course structure has virtually shifted to B)Civil AffairsIn addition to reorganizing into, home economics is compulsory for men and women.

School typeSubject classificationEach subject, each subjectEducational activities other than subject
primary schoolSubjectNational language, social studies, math, science, life, music, drawing work, home, physical educationmoral
Extracurricular activities (class activities, children's association activities, club activities, school events)
Junior high schoolRequired subjectsJapanese language, society, mathematics, science, music, art, health and physical education, technology/homemoral
Extracurricular activities (class activities, student organization activities, club activities, school events)
Elective subjectForeign language, Japanese, social studies, mathematics, science, music, art, health and physical education, technology / home, and other specially required subjects
high schoolSubjects related to ordinary subjectsNational languageNational language I, national language II, national language expression, modern sentences, modern language, classical I, classical II, classical readingSpecial activities (homeroom activities, student organization activities, club activities, school events)
Geography historyWorld History A, World History B, Japanese History A, Japanese History B, Geography A, Geography B
citizenModern society, ethics, politics / economy
MathMath I, Math II, Math III, Math A, Math B, Math C
scienceComprehensive Science, Physics IA, Physics IB, Physics II, Chemistry IA, Chemistry IB, Chemistry II, Biology IA, Biology IB, Biology II, Earth Science IA, Earth Science IB, Earth Science II
Health and physical educationPhysical education, health
artMusic I, Music II, Music III, Art I, Art II, Art III, Craft I, Craft II, Craft III, Calligraphy I, Calligraphy II, Calligraphy III
Foreign languageEnglish I, English II, Oral Communication A, Oral Communication B, Oral Communication C, Reading, Writing, German, French
家庭General household, living skills, general living
Other specially required subjects
Subjects related to specialized educationHome, agriculture, industry, commerce, fisheries, nursing, science and mathematics, physical education, music, art, English, and other particularly necessary subjects (* The subjects belonging to this category are omitted)
  • As a general rule, the foreign language of the elective subject of junior high school is one language from English, German, French, and other foreign languages ​​from the first grade.
  • High school national language I, mathematics I, physical education, and health are compulsory.
  • High school geography and history courses must take one course from World History A or B, Japanese History A or B, and Geography A or B.
  • High school civilian courses must take one subject in modern society or two subjects in ethics, politics and economics.
  • High school science must take 5 courses in 2 to 2 categories: General Science, Physics IA or IB, Chemistry IA or IB, Biology IA or IB, Earth Science IA or IB.
  • High school art department must take one subject from music I, art I, craft I, and calligraphy I.
  • For home economics in high school, be sure to take one subject from general household, life skills, and general life.

2002-

After the warThe 7th revised course of study. Careful selection of educational content and establishment of "Comprehensive study time" ensure that students acquire the basics and basics. "The qualities and abilities to judge, act, and solve problems better"Power to liveDeclared the development ofLifelong learningPromote the transition to society.

The teaching guidelines for elementary and junior high schools1998年(Heisei 10),2002年It was implemented from (14). High school learning guidelines1999年(Heisei 11),2003年(15) It was carried out in the first grade from the first grade. Part of the content2000年(12) It was carried out from the beginning.

The total number of class hours for 6 years of elementary school is 5367, and the total number of class hours for country, arithmetic, science, company, and life is 3148. The total number of classes in the third year of junior high school is 3.

School full five daysWas carried out. In junior high schoolEnglishHas become compulsory (substantially, it was virtually compulsory in most schools before). Also, from the middle grades of elementary school to high schoolComprehensive learning timeBut in high schoolInformation departmentandWelfare departmentWas founded. On the other hand, the content of learning in the curriculum was reduced, and junior high and high schoolsExtracurricular activities) Was deleted.

School typeSubject classificationEach subject, each subjectEducational activities other than subject
primary schoolSubjectNational language, social studies, math, science, life, music, drawing work, home, physical educationmoral
Extracurricular activities (class activities, children's association activities, club activities, school events)
Comprehensive learning time
Junior high schoolRequired subjectsNational language, society, mathematics, science, music, art, health and physical education, technology/home, foreign languagemoral
Extracurricular activities (class activities, student organization activities, school events)
Comprehensive learning time
Elective subjectNational language, society, mathematics, science, music, art, health and physical education, technology/home, foreign language, and other specially required subjects
high schoolSubjects related to ordinary subjectsNational languageJapanese language expression I, Japanese language expression II, Japanese language synthesis, modern writing, classics, classical readingExtracurricular activities (homeroom activities, student organization activities, school events)
Comprehensive learning time
Geography historyWorld History A, World History B, Japanese History A, Japanese History B, Geography A, Geography B
citizenModern society, ethics, politics / economy
MathMath Basics, Math I, Math II, Math III, Math A, Math B, Math C
scienceScience Basics, Science Integrated A, Science Integrated B, Physics I, Physics II, Chemistry I, Chemistry II, Biology I, Biology II, Earth Science I, Earth Science II
Health and physical educationPhysical education, health
artMusic I, Music II, Music III, Art I, Art II, Art III, Craft I, Craft II, Craft III, Calligraphy I, Calligraphy II, Calligraphy III
Foreign languageOral Communication I, Oral Communication II, English I, English II, Reading, Writing
家庭Family basics, general family, life skills
情报Information A, Information B, Information C
School setting subject
Subjects related to specialized educationAgriculture, industry, commerce, fisheries, home, nursing, information, welfare, science and mathematics, physical education, music, art, English, school setting subjects (* subjects belonging to this category are omitted)
  • In the Japanese language department of high school, one course must be taken from Japanese language expression I and comprehensive Japanese language.
  • High school geography and history courses must take one course from World History A or B, Japanese History A or B, and Geography A or B.
  • High school civilian courses must take one subject in modern society or two subjects in ethics, politics and economics.
  • For high school mathematics, be sure to take one course from Mathematics Basics, Mathematics I.
  • For high school science, be sure to take 2 subjects from Science Basic, Science Comprehensive A, Science Comprehensive B, Physics I, Chemistry I, Biology I, and Earth Science I (one of Science Basics, Science Comprehensive A, or Science Comprehensive B) Include more than subjects).
  • High school physical education and health are compulsory.
  • High school art department must take one subject from music I, art I, craft I, and calligraphy I.
  • In high school foreign language departmentEnglishWhen taking the course, be sure to take one course from oral communication I and English I.
  • For home economics in high school, be sure to take one subject from family basics, family synthesis, and living skills.
  • In the information department of high school, one course must be taken from information A, information B, and information C.

2003-

2002 (Heisei 14)-Partial revision of the learning guidelines.2003年(15) Partial revision was carried out in December, and the wording of the regulation that "you must teach without excess or deficiency" disappeared. The course of study is the minimum content that must be taught, and it has become possible to teach so-called "advanced learning content" beyond the content of the course of study. The textbooks on which "advanced learning contents" have been published are starting from 12 (2005) in elementary schools, 17 (2006) in junior high schools, and 18 (2007) in high schools. Came to be used in.

2011-

The 8th revised course of study after the war. It is not a space or a jam, but a balance of knowledge, morality and physical strength.Power to liveRealized the training of.Elimination educationAlso called.

of timeMinister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology-Nakayama Nariaki The2005年(17),Middle school refereeToLower academic abilityThere was a turmoilPrevious guidanceRequested a complete review of. In response to this,2007年, "Summary of deliberation[11],” said that there were some results, but there were still problems. In response to this, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology has issued a new guidelineClear"Or"StuffingNot "Power to liveThe education that nurtures is emphasizing the acquisition of basic knowledge and skills and the development of thinking, judgment and expression.

2008年Kindergarten education guidelines, elementary school learning guidelines, and junior high school learning guidelines are announced[12], In kindergarten2009年(21) degree, at elementary school2011年(23) At junior high school2012年(24) has been completely implemented since.2009年High school learning guidelines,Special support school learning guidelines(prior toSpecial schoolAs the system started,Guidelines for the learning of blind schools, deaf schools and disabled schools) Was announced, and in high school2013年(25) was implemented in the first grade from the first grade (some contents are2010年It will be carried out in accordance with the implementation schedule of the child, elementary, middle and high schools. Some of the content is in elementary school2009年Degree ~2010年At junior high school2009年Degree ~2011年Implementation of transitional measures for high schoolwelfare The2009年As the grade progresses from new students, 9 out of 8 subjects under the new curriculum will be introduced in advance by superimposing them on 7 subjects under the conventional curriculum (the complete implementation of the courses under the new curriculum is different from other subjects). Implemented in the same grade as the 2013 new students[13]), Mathematics and science are introduced one year ahead of other subjects2012年From 24 (first year of high school), it has been implemented in advance of the school year.

Since the revision in 1980 (Showa 55), the class time that has been decreasing has increased for the first time in about 30 years. The number of lessons in elementary school will increase by 6 to 278 from the current level in 5645 years, and that in middle school will increase by 3 to 105 in 3045 years. The total lesson time of the comprehensive learning time started from the previous course was significantly reduced, and the total lesson time of the five major subjects (Japanese, math and mathematics, science, society, English) and health and physical education was increased.

For 5th and 6th grade studentsForeign language activitiesFounding time. In high school, "English I/II", "Oral Communication I/II", "Reading" and "Writing" have been renamed to "Communication English I/II/III/Basic" etc. There is. The contents reduced last time were revived in arithmetic, mathematics and science. Enriched education on tradition and culture (old texts, cultural heritage, martial arts, etc.). In addition, 24 (2012年From April of junior high schoolphysical educationAnd both men and womenmartial artsダンスBecame a compulsory (21 (2009年Degree) to 23 (2011年There are some junior high schools implemented from). Martial arts in principlejudo,kendo,SumoSelect from. Many schools practice judo, but in some areas other martial arts are also conducted.

2010年In November, with the revision of the kanji table for common use, some of the matters related to "reading" of the kanji of the national language of the "junior high school course of study" were revised.

2014年In January, in order to further enhance education on the territory of Japan and education on the role of related organizations in natural disasters, a part of the “Social Edition” in the “Middle School Study Guideline Explanation” and “High School Study Guidance” Part of "Geographic History" and "Public Citizens" in "Guideline Explanation" was revised.

In the geographical area and subjects of territorial relations, "Takeshima is a unique territory of Japan, but since it is illegally occupied by South Korea, it is protesting against South Korea one after another." , "The Senkaku Islands are a unique territory of Japan, and in fact Japan controls this effectively, and there is no sovereignty problem to be resolved." In addition, in the historical field/subject, “Background of Japan's formal incorporation of Takeshima and Senkaku Islands into territory based on legitimate grounds in international law” was also taken up.

In addition, in the field of civics and subjects, "As for Japan, there are still unresolved issues regarding the territorial issue regarding Takeshima, which is a unique territory, and the circumstances leading up to the current situation. Japan is making an effort toward a solution by peaceful means in light of its position, and regarding the situation surrounding the Senkaku Islands, “Background to the present situation, In view of this, there is no sovereignty issue that should be resolved over the Senkaku Islands.”

And in the geographic fields and subjects of natural disasters, Japan is likely to suffer from various natural disasters, such as large-scale earthquakes such as the Great East Japan Earthquake and typhoons that cause damage to all parts of the country every year. Not only disaster countermeasures, but also handling from the perspective of disaster response, recovery, and reconstruction, at that time, various organizations and departments of the national and local governments, including the fire department, police, Coast Guard, and Self-Defense Forces, Local people and volunteers work together to provide disaster information, rescue and rescue victims, set up an emergency evacuation site, and other activities to ensure the lives and safety of local people. And so on.

School typeSubject classificationEach subject, each subjectEducational activities other than subject
primary schoolEach subjectNational language, social studies, math, science, life, music, drawing work, home, physical educationmoral
Foreign language activities
Comprehensive learning time
Extracurricular activities (class activities, children's association activities, club activities, school events)
Junior high schoolEach subjectNational language, society, mathematics, science, music, art, health and physical education, technology/home, foreign language
(Each school can open optional subjects and have students take it.)
moral
Comprehensive learning time
Extracurricular activities (class activities, student organization activities, school events)
high schoolSubjects common to each subjectNational languageJapanese language synthesis, national language expression, modern sentence A, modern sentence B, classic A, classic BComprehensive learning time
Extracurricular activities (homeroom activities, student organization activities, school events)
Geography historyWorld History A, World History B, Japanese History A, Japanese History B, Geography A, Geography B
citizenModern society, ethics, politics / economy
MathMath I, Math II, Math III, Math A, Math B, Math Utilization
scienceScience and human life, physics fundamentals, physics, chemistry fundamentals, chemistry, biological fundamentals, biology, earth science fundamentals, geology, science subject research
Health and physical educationPhysical education, health
artMusic I, Music II, Music III, Art I, Art II, Art III, Craft I, Craft II, Craft III, Calligraphy I, Calligraphy II, Calligraphy III
Foreign languageCommunication English Basics, Communication English I, Communication English II, Communication English III, English Expression I, English Expression II, English Conversation
家庭Home basics, general family, life design
情报Society and information, science of information
School setting subject
Major subjects mainly established in specialized departmentsAgriculture, industry, commerce, fisheries, family, nursing, information, welfare, science and math, physical education, music, art, English, school-designed subjects (*Omitted for subjects belonging to this category.)
  • High school language synthesis, mathematics I, physical education, and health are compulsory.
  • In high school foreign language departmentEnglishCommunication English I is compulsory when taking the course.
  • High school geography and history courses must take one course from world history A or B, and one course from Japanese history A, Japanese history B, geography A, and geography B, for a total of two courses.
  • High school civilian courses must take one subject in modern society or two subjects in ethics and politics / economics.
  • In high school science, you must take 2 courses including science and human life, physics, chemistry, biology, earth science, and science and human life, or 3 courses with "basics".
  • High school art department must take one subject from music I, art I, craft I, and calligraphy I.
  • For home economics in high school, be sure to take one subject from family basics, family synthesis, and life design.
  • In the information department of high school, one subject must be taken from the science of society, information, and information.

2018-

2011 (Heisei 23)-Partial revision of the learning guidelines.

2015年(27) On March 3, the course of study was partially revised and the "morality" of elementary and junior high schools, which had been activities outside the curriculum until now,Special subject morals, And upgraded to the subject. At elementary school2015年Degree (27)- 2017年Degree (29) transitional measures,2018年Degree (30) has been fully implemented, and in junior high school2015年Degree (27)- 2018年Degree (30) transitional measures,2019年Completely implemented from the year (31/Reiwa XNUMX).

The specific points of the revision are as follows.

  • Introduced a certification textbook to morals
  • Improve the content to be systematic with further consideration of the problem of bullying and the stage of development
    • Added content items for "elementary growth," "mutual understanding, tolerance," "fairness, fairness, social justice," "international understanding, international goodwill," and "joy of living better" to elementary schools.
  • Introducing problem-solving learning and experiential learning, devising teaching methods
  • Rather than numerical evaluation, grasp the state of growth related to the morality of children and students and evaluate it in text notation

* Class hours will continue to be 35 hours per year (1 hours per year for 34st grade elementary school), 1 hour per week

* Private elementary and junior high schools can continue to practice "religion" instead of "morals".

School typeSubject classificationEach subject, each subjectSpecial subjectEducational activities other than subject
primary schoolEach subjectNational language, social studies, math, science, life, music, drawing work, home, physical educationSpecial subject moralsForeign language activities
Comprehensive learning time
Extracurricular activities (class activities, children's association activities, club activities, school events)
Junior high schoolEach subjectNational language, society, mathematics, science, music, art, health and physical education, technology/home, foreign language
(Each school can open optional subjects and have students take it.)
Special subject moralsComprehensive learning time
Extracurricular activities (class activities, student organization activities, school events)
high schoolSubjects common to each subjectNational languageJapanese language synthesis, national language expression, modern sentence A, modern sentence B, classic A, classic BComprehensive learning time
Extracurricular activities (homeroom activities, student organization activities, school events)
Geography historyWorld History A, World History B, Japanese History A, Japanese History B, Geography A, Geography B
citizenModern society, ethics, politics / economy
MathMath I, Math II, Math III, Math A, Math B, Math Utilization
scienceScience and human life, physics fundamentals, physics, chemistry fundamentals, chemistry, biological fundamentals, biology, earth science fundamentals, geology, science subject research
Health and physical educationPhysical education, health
artMusic I, Music II, Music III, Art I, Art II, Art III, Craft I, Craft II, Craft III, Calligraphy I, Calligraphy II, Calligraphy III
Foreign languageCommunication English Basics, Communication English I, Communication English II, Communication English III, English Expression I, English Expression II, English Conversation
家庭Home basics, general family, life design
情报Society and information, science of information
School setting subject
Major subjects mainly established in specialized departmentsAgriculture, industry, commerce, fisheries, family, nursing, information, welfare, science and math, physical education, music, art, English, school-designed subjects (*Omitted for subjects belonging to this category.)
  • High school language synthesis, mathematics I, physical education, and health are compulsory.
  • In high school foreign language departmentEnglishCommunication English I is compulsory when taking the course.
  • High school geography and history courses must take one course from world history A or B, and one course from Japanese history A, Japanese history B, geography A, and geography B, for a total of two courses.
  • High school civilian courses must take one subject in modern society or two subjects in ethics and politics / economics.
  • In high school science, you must take 2 courses including science and human life, physics, chemistry, biology, earth science, and science and human life, or 3 courses with "basics".
  • High school art department must take one subject from music I, art I, craft I, and calligraphy I.
  • For home economics in high school, be sure to take one subject from family basics, family synthesis, and life design.
  • In the information department of high school, one subject must be taken from the science of society, information, and information.

2020 (2 years Reiwa)-

2017 years(Heisei29 years) Revised in March.After the war9th revised course of study. Introduction of "independent, interactive, and deep learning (active learning)" and enhancement of programming education will be achieved.

In kindergarten2018年(30) degree, at elementary school2020年(2nd year of Reiwa) Once in middle school2021年(3rd year of Reiwa) Completely implemented every time.2018年(30) High School Study Guidelines,Special support school learning guidelinesWill be announced, and in high school2022年(4th year of Reiwa) It will be implemented in the first grade from the first grade, and in special needs schools, it will be implemented in accordance with the implementation schedule of young, elementary, middle and high schools. About some of the contents, at elementary school2018年(30) Degree~2019年(31/First year of Reiwa)2018年(30) Degree~2020年(2nd year of reiwa) Implementation of transitional measures at high school2019年(Heisei 31/First year of Reiwa) Some of the activities are carried out ahead of schedule.

The number of lessons at elementary school increased by 6 frames over the current six years to 140, which is the second consecutive increase from the previous revision. This is a learning activity for non-subject educational activities (areas) centered on "speaking" and "listening" in the third and fourth grades of elementary school.Foreign language activities”Was carried out for 5 hour a week (6 frames a year) ahead of what was previously done in the 1th and 35th grades, and the 5th and 6th grades read, write in addition to “speak” and “listen”. Including "Foreign languageThis is due to the increase in the number of classes by conducting 2 hours per week (70 classes per year) as a formal subject.

The number of junior high schools was 3 frames in 3045 years, which is unchanged from the previous revision.

In the geography history department of high school, the history history must be reviewed, "history synthesis" that considers the world and Japan in the world from a broad mutual perspective and considers modern history. In addition to setting "Geographical Comprehension" as a compulsory study of various geographical problems, we will set "Exploration of Japanese History", "Exploration of World History", and "Geographical Exploration" as elective subjects for learning progressively. In the Civil and Civil Sciences, the "public" is set as a compulsory course by grasping various issues of modern society, learning the concepts and theories for making choices and judgments, and fostering the ability to participate in the formation of the nation and society as an independent subject. At the same time, set “ethics” and “politics/economy” as subjects for advanced learning. As for the Japanese language course, as a compulsory compulsory subject, we will set "Modern Japanese Language" which develops the ability of the national language to live and work in the real world and real life, and "Language Culture" which deepens the understanding of Japanese language culture. , "Logical language", "literature national language", "national language expression", "classical inquiry" are set as elective subjects. In the foreign language department, "English communication I・II・III" is set as a group of subjects that comprehensively handles "listening", "reading", "speaking", and "writing", and I is a compulsory subject. At the same time, "Logic/Expression I/II/III" will be set as a group of subjects that enhance the ability to transmit in foreign languages. In mathematics in math CqueuePartially revived[14]ToothGraph theoryIs introduced, but Euler's polyhedral theorem and quadratic derivatives are removed.vectorWas moved to Math C,statisticsIs compulsory.

School typeSubject classificationEach subject, each subjectSpecial subjectEducational activities other than subject
primary schoolEach subjectNational language, society, arithmetic, science, life, music, drawing, home, physical education, foreign languageSpecial subject moralsForeign language activities
Comprehensive learning time
Extracurricular activities (class activities, children's association activities, club activities, school events)
Junior high schoolEach subjectNational language, society, mathematics, science, music, art, health and physical education, technology/home, foreign language
(Each school can open optional subjects and have students take it.)
Special subject moralsComprehensive learning time
Extracurricular activities (class activities, student organization activities, school events)
high schoolSubjects common to each subjectNational languageModern national language, language culture, logical national language, national language of literature, national language expression, classical explorationComprehensive inquiry time
Extracurricular activities (homeroom activities, student organization activities, school events)
Geography historyGeography synthesis, Geography inquiry, History integration, Japanese history inquiry, World history inquiry
citizenPublic, ethics, politics/economy
MathMath I, Math II, Math III, Math A, Math B, Math C
scienceScience and human life, physics foundation, physics, chemistry foundation, chemistry, biology foundation, biology, earth science foundation, earth science
Health and physical educationPhysical education, health
artMusic I, Music II, Music III, Art I, Art II, Art III, Craft I, Craft II, Craft III, Calligraphy I, Calligraphy II, Calligraphy III
Foreign languageEnglish Communication I, English Communication II, English Communication III, Logic/Expression I, Logic/Expression II, Logic/Expression III
家庭Home basics, home general
情报Information I, Information II
Scientific numberR&D basics, R&D
School setting subject
Major subjects mainly established in specialized departmentsAgriculture, industry, commerce, fisheries, family, nursing, information, welfare, science and math, physical education, music, art, English, school-designed subjects (*Omitted for subjects belonging to this category.)
  • High school modern national language, language culture, geography synthesis, history synthesis, public, mathematics I, physical education, health, information I are compulsory.
  • In high school foreign language departmentEnglishEnglish Communication I is compulsory when taking the course.
  • In high school science, you must take 2 courses including science and human life, physics, chemistry, biology, earth science, and science and human life, or 3 courses with "basics".
  • High school art department must take one subject from music I, art I, craft I, and calligraphy I.
  • For home economics in high school, be sure to take one course from basic home and general home.

Changes in the number of class hours at elementary and junior high schools

Changes in class hours at elementary and junior high schools[15][16]
1961-1971-1980-1992-2002-2011-2020-
primary school
(Unit time 45 minutes)
5821613557855785536756455785
Junior high school
(Unit time 50 minutes)
3360353531503150294030453045

議論

2002 (Heisei 14) revision discussion

Psychiatrist OfHideki WadaOf a university professorKazuo Nishimura, CriticHiromichi MogiFrom the opposite positionMinistry of Education(Current:Ministry of educationOfficials OfTerawaki LabAre in favor of each other. Also, a university professorShinichi Ichikawa,Manabu SatoFor example, some scholars are worried about the decline in academic ability, but are not opposed to leisure education itself. Writer'sMiura ShumonSaid, "It's okay if you can't do it. For non-talents, you need to feed only a straightforward spirit. There should be 100 or 2 out of 3 people.eliteJust extend it"Ayako Sonoof"Quadratic equationAnd so on go out into society and do nothing, so you should exile such things."Yutori educationTook a positive position[17].Public schoolprivate schoolThe difference betweenCram school,Prep schoolIf you don't go to school, you may not be able to acquire high academic ability.Takao SaitoPromote the stratification of Japanese society[18]I criticize it as something.

Served as Deputy Minister of EducationOno Motoyuki,Minister of EducationServed asAtsuko ToyamaAt the time of their tenure, they accepted statements that exceeded the new curriculum guidelines from the standpoint of opposition to the new curriculum guidelines. In response to this, the 9th revised course of studyConsidering the connection with the university, we will set up subjects to deal with the development and expansion of high school mathematics.Is attached to the Department of Mathematics[19].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ Basic Education LawArticle 8 states that "national and local public bodies must endeavor to promote private school education (hereinafter omitted) while respecting their autonomy." AlsoPrivate school lawAccording to Article 1, private schools are required to "consider their characteristics, respect their autonomy, and enhance their public nature".
  2. ^ There is no official description other than the presented formula, and it is unlikely that the official approval will be passed even if a formula not listed in the learning guideline is posted. For this reason,System mathematics,Systematic mathematicsSuch asNon-qualification textbookHas appeared.
  3. ^ "About transitional measures regarding learning guidelines for elementary and junior high schools and learning guidance during the transition period”. Www.mext.go.jp. 2019/5/11Browse.
  4. ^ "Overview of transitional measures associated with revision of learning guidelines”. Www.mext.go.jp. 2019/5/11Browse.
  5. ^ Supreme Court First Small Court Judgment January 1990, 1 Minshu Vol. 18 No. 44, page 1,Showa 59 (Gyotsu) 46"Cancellation of administrative penalties" "Disciplinary dismissal of prefectural high school teachers for reasons such as classes that violate educational laws and regulations was not considered to have deviated from the discretionary powers of the disciplinary authority. Case”, “ Classes that violated the obligation to use textbooks prescribed in Articles XNUMX and XNUMX of the School Education Law, and classes and examinations that deviated from the high school curriculum guidelines (Ministry of Education Notification No. XNUMX of XNUMX) were given. Disciplinary dismissal for prefectural high school teachers for this reason is that each violation is related to lessons and examinations of daily subjects (Japanese history, geography B), and acts that violate the obligation to use textbooks are It is held continuously throughout the year, and the classes on the right deviate significantly from the goals and contents of each subject prescribed in the Course of Study, and at that time the school order of the high school was extremely disturbed. Under the facts of the judgment, such as the teacher has a history of disciplinary action due to participation in a dispute immediately before, it cannot be said that it is significantly unreasonable in terms of social ideas, and it is outside the scope of the discretionary power of the disciplinary authority. I can't say.. "
  6. ^ "When did full-time housewives take root? And what is the future?Exploring a surprising history (Reiji Ishiwatari)”. Yahoo! News (July 2019, 8). 2020/12/29Browse.
  7. ^ "Revision of elementary and junior high school curriculum in XNUMX”. Www.mext.go.jp. 2019/5/11Browse.
  8. ^ "Old learning guidelines (revised in XNUMX)”. Www.mext.go.jp. 2019/5/11Browse.
  9. ^ Science and social studies have been changed to learning from the third grade.
  10. ^ For that reason,1984年From December 41985年Children born on April 4 take science and social lessons in the first grade and life lessons in the second grade.
  11. ^ "Summary of past deliberation in the curriculum subcommittee”. Www.mext.go.jp. 2019/5/11Browse.
  12. ^ "Public announcement of new kindergarten education guidelines, elementary school learning guidelines and junior high school learning guidelines [Discussion by the Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology]" (Press Release), Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, (March 2008, 3), http://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/houdou/20/03/08032702.htm 2009/12/24Browse. 
  13. ^ This is due to revision of laws and regulations for social worker and nursing care system.
  14. ^ "The details of AI human resources education that the country is serious about the revival of "procession" in high school mathematics turned out”. Tech.nikkeibp.co.jp. 2019/5/22Browse.
  15. ^ "Basic data on the number of classes in elementary and junior high schools”. Www.mext.go.jp. 2019/5/11Browse.
  16. ^ "New Course of Study / Zest for Life Parental Brochure”. Www.mext.go.jp. 2019/5/11Browse.
  17. ^ "A Study on Involvement in Formulas in Adulthood by Takahiro Sasaki”. Swu.repo.nii.ac.jp (March 2018, 3). 2019/5/15Browse.
  18. ^ "Educational inequality and stratification”. Www.hihyosya.co.jp. 2019/5/22Browse.
  19. ^ "New Course of Study 30 Notification Version”. Www.mext.go.jp. 2019/5/14Browse.

Related item

外部 リンク

2021年

2021年(2021 years old)AD(Gregorian calendar)by,Normal year starting from Friday.Reiwa3 years.

This item describes 2021 from an international perspective.

Other chronology

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Event

1

  • 1/5 - north korea OfKorean Labor Party Party conventionHeld in Pyongyang for the first time in 5 years[1].
  • 1/6
  • 1/7
  • 1/8
    • Military comfort women issue South KoreaFormer comfort women and bereaved familiesJapanese govermentIn a lawsuit seeking damages, the Seoul Central District Court sentenced the plaintiff to pay 1 million won (about 1 million yen) per person as requested.[10].
    • This day,British GovernmentAnnounced that 1,325 people died from the new coronavirus infection and the number of new infections per day was 1 (the highest ever).Mayor of London OfSadiq KhanDeclared that the spread of the infection in the capital was "out of control" and a serious situation[11].
    • TwitterAnnounced that the account of incumbent President of the United States Donald Trump will be permanently suspended[12].. April 1Parliamentary attackDetermined to be at risk of further incitement in relation to[13].
  • 1/9
    • JakartaSuburbsSoekarno Hatta International AirportImmediately after takeoffSriwijaya AirlineFlight 182 disappeared[14]..There are a total of 62 passengers and crew,インドネシアBudi Karya Sumadi, Minister of Transport, explained at a press conference that the plane had crashed.[15].
    • The Workers' Party of Korea in North Korea adopted a decision on the revision of the party rules at the meeting on the fifth day of the party convention.In the preface of the party covenant, "Suppress military threats with strong defense force,Korean PeninsulaProtecting the stability and peaceful environment of the country, "he said, and stated that he would further strengthen his military power.On a new route aiming for "unification of the homeland" with military powerKim Il SungIt is also pointed out that the "national liberation people's democracy revolutionary line" may have changed.[16].
    • Ministry of Commerce of China ChugokuPublished new rules to "counter unjustified laws and regulations" against foreign companies and citizens.If a Chinese citizen or organization is subject to economic or trade activity restrictions by foreign law, it can be notified to the Department of Commerce within 30 days and the citizen or organization suffers a "significant loss". Suppose that the relevant government departments provide the necessary support[17].
    • Hong KongEnglish newspaperSouth China Morning PostAs an anonymous source, the Hong Kong police first applied the provisions of the National Security Law to Internet operators in the region, "HK Chronicle" (a website that mainly deals with materials related to anti-government activities in Hong Kong in 2019). ) Has begun to request access blockage. Users reported that they couldn't browse the site as of the night of the 6th, and by the 10th they were unable to browse.[18].
    • United States Secretary of State OfMike PompeoHowever, with the United States, the US government has continued for many years in consideration of the Chinese government.TaiwanAnnounced to lift "self-regulation" on contact between officials[19].
    • UK OfQueen ElizabethAnd my husband'sPhilip New coronavirus OfvaccineGet vaccinated[20].
    • ア ッ プ ルAmazon.comHas removed the SNS and parlors used to collaborate with demonstrators in the US Capitol occupation case on the 6th, known for the right-wing gathering, from their stores and web services.This effectively renders the parlor unable to connect online.Deletion The two companies blame the failure to take appropriate measures to prevent the spread of posts that fuel violence.[21].
  • 1/10
    • North Korean金正恩-Korean Labor Party ChairmanAt the party conventionParty secretaryElected to.Father'sKim Jong IlRevived the title of General Secretary[22].
    • American DemocraticNancy PelosiSpeaker of the House of Representatives wrote to DemocratsMike PenceIt has announced that it will begin parliamentary proceedings on the 11th to ask the Vice President to dismiss President Trump under the provisions of the Constitution.[23].
    • Twitter isChina DailyArticle[24]Posted by the Chinese Embassy in the United States with "The Chinese GovernmentXinjiang Uygur Autonomous RegionBy policyUighurDeleted the tweet saying "Woman was released"[25].
    • In China, which had been successful in suppressing the new coronavirus, more than 2019 people were confirmed as infected with symptoms for the first time in about half a year since July 7.[26].
  • 1/11
    • Federal Bureau of Investigation(FBI) warned that armed people could protest before the inauguration of President-elect Biden[27].
    • (Japan time)Johns Hopkins UniversityAccording to the total number of people infected with the new coronavirus, more than 9000 million people worldwide. Similar to when it reached 2020 million in late December 12, it increased by 8000 million in the shortest 15 days ever.[28][29]..By country, the United States (about 2240 million people), India (about 1050 million people), and Brazil (about 810 million people) follow.[29].
    • KoreanWen ZaiyinThe president gives a New Year's greeting.The new coronavirus vaccine will be "prioritized and will be available to all citizens free of charge from February"[30].
    • Taiwan Ministry of Foreign AffairsIntroduced a new passport with the letters "TAIWAN" in large letters and started accepting applications.Responding to the fact that many people said that they were misunderstood as Chinese nationals overseas after the spread of the new coronavirus infection worldwide.[31].
    • The Chinese governmentNew coronavirusAnnounced that the World Health Organization's international research team will visit China on the 2th of the same month to clarify the origin of (SARS-CoV-14).He said that he would proceed with scientific research on the source in collaboration with Chinese experts.The investigation team was originally scheduled to leave the country on the 5th, but could not enter the country because the Chinese authorities did not issue the final permit, and the WHOTedros AdanomThe secretary general expressed "disappointment" and demanded early entry[32][33].
    • ChineseBaidu Electric carAnnounced to start manufacturing and selling[34].
    • America'sCalifornia-San DiegoBreeding at the zoogorillaThe zoo has announced that at least two of them tested positive for the new coronavirus.largeApeThis is the first case in which a natural infection has been found.[35].
  • 1/12
    • YouTubeAnnounced that it will stop posting new videos and live streams on Donald Trump's channel for at least seven days.He also deleted multiple videos, saying he violated the company's guidelines for content that could incite violence.[21].
    • From 12th to 13th(I.e.Parents in the east(I.e.Targeting militia organizations, etc.Israeli armyThere is an airstrike that seems to be the worst in history. At least 14 people were found dead as of 57th[36].
  • 1/13
    • US President Donald Trump issues a statement criticizing violence, illegal activity and sabotage. "I want all the people to ease tension and control their anger," he called for calming the situation.[37].
    • US House of Representatives plenary sessionApproved the impeachment resolution, which demands dismissal for the incumbent president Donald Trump instigating the supporters to attack and occupy the Capitol, with 232 votes in favor and 197 votes against.Ten members of the Republican Party also agreed. In 10, he was impeached on suspicion of Ukraine, and it is the first time in history that the US president has been impeached twice during his tenure.[38][39].
    • Human rights groupHuman Rights WatchIn his annual report on the world's human rights situation, he strongly accused President Trump of "for four years as president, he was indifferent and hostile to human rights and encouraged hatred of racial and religious minorities."Also,Death of George FloydI also criticized the response[40].
    • America·New York City OfBill DebrascioThe mayor is a company run by the Trump familyTrump OrganizationAnnounced that the contract with "will be terminated.The mayor accused the president of inciting a rebellion against the U.S. government in a statement, and the company rebelled as political discrimination.[41].
    • The Trump administrationXinjiang Uygur Autonomous RegionAnnounced that it will ban the import of cotton and tomato products from the autonomous region due to human rights violations by the Chinese government in China.Customs and Border Protection(CBP) was instructed to seize cargo containing these products.There are concerns about forced labor by the government in the autonomous region[42].
    • イタリア OfMatteo RenziAt a press conference, the former prime minister announced that his center-left minority party "Italy Viva" would withdraw from the coalition government.Two ministers of the party resign[43].
    • International Atomic Energy AgencyRafael Grossi, Executive Director of the (IAEA),(I.e.Reported to IAEA member countries that it has started research and development activities for the production of metallic uranium.Metallic uranium could be used in nuclear bombs and violates a nuclear agreement banning Iran from producing or acquiring it for 15 years[44].
  • 1/14
    • The Korean governmentSeoulAnnounced parole of more than 1,000 prisoners to relieve overcrowding of facilities following an outbreak of more than 900 new coronavirus infections in a detention center in Tokyo[45].
  • 1/15
  • 1/20 - United States flag アメリカ合衆国 The year before11/3 OfPresidential electionso,ElectorWon the majority ofJoe Biden(Democratic Party[48]Is the 46th generationPresident of the United StatesAppointed to.
  • 1/22 - Nuclear Weapons Convention(Ratified by more than 50 countries / regions) comes into effect.internationalTreatyFirstnuclear weaponsIt completely prohibits the possession of.
  • 1/27 -(Japan time) According to the data of Johns Hopkins University, the number of people infected with the new coronavirus exceeds 1 million worldwide.By country, the United States (about 2543 million people), India (about 1068 million people), and Brazil (about 893 million people) follow.[49]But next is Russia (about 371 people)Mutant strain (B.1.1.7)Britain (about 370 million people), which is rampant, is close[50]..On the other hand, the death toll has exceeded 215 million worldwide.[49][50]By country, the United States (about 43), Brazil (about 22), and India (about 15) are the most common.[50].

2

plans

GlobalEpidemic of new coronavirus infectionThis has affected various schedules, and the following schedules may be changed or canceled and are not finalized.

3

4

  • 4/1
    • Fuji XeroxChanged the company name toFUJIFILM Business Innovation"change to. Company name changed in USAXeroxDue to the termination of the technical contract with the company[55].

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

The date is undecided

Anniversary

Events

Politics

  • Elections for heads of state, etc. expected to be held in the current year (expiration date in [])

Economy

Art/Culture/Fashion

GlobalNew coronavirus infectious disease epidemicDue to the influence of such factors, the following schedules may change.

Music

movies

Live-action movie
Anime movie

ゲーム

Sports

Summer Olympics and Paralympics

Summer olympic-Paralympic Japanese flag Japan OfTokyoWill be held in (1964 competitionSecond time since then).New coronavirus epidemicUnder the influence ofModern olympicFor the first time in history, a postponement of about one year has been decided.

Birth

Die

Nobel Prize

The event of fiction

  • 7 -First mannedMars explorationHad a missionNASACrew of the spacecraft "Mars 1"(English editionDiscovered a white polyhedron. All of the crew members surveyed by a radar from the immediate vicinity were hit by a huge tornado generated from a polyhedron, killing three people. The remaining one is unknown after sending a message to the earth. (movies"Mission to mars])[84][85]
  • summer - Thailand-ChumphonIn the mountainous area ofMalaysiaAnd the declaration of conquest2041年A monument with a date of 100 meters or more in height suddenly appeared. This monument is named "Champhon Chronolis". First appearance of chronolis. (novel"(English edition])[86]
  • Android "RT600" is released. (game"Detroit: Become Human])
  • The first interstellar expedition led by Robert Helmas uses a spin-digi driveJupiter moonからWolf seat XNUMXth starorSixty-first star of CygnusAim to travel. Then this is<West> campSenate Bliss Wagoner, who was considered to be a rebellion against and was in command of the plan, is executed. (novel"Space city"series)[87][88]
  • The huge radio system behind the moonBD+36 degree 2147 starReceives a 120 MHz radio signal that appears to have originated from the planet. During the eight months of observation, fragmentary words and spellings are identified in the signal. After that, BD+8 degree 36 star is named “Ra”, and the planet that is the source of the signal is named “Isis”. (novel"(English edition])[89]

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

Source

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  3. ^ Chow, Yanni Chow, Yoyo (January 2021, 1). “Hong Kong arrests 53 for plot to'overthrow' government in latest crackdown on dissent” (English). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-hongkong-security-idUSKBN29B01K 2021/1/8Browse. 
  4. ^ "Mr. Trump, video post "smooth and reliable" admitting the transition to power”(Japanese). Nihon Keizai Shimbun (September 2021, 1). 2021/1/8Browse.
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  6. ^ Wells, Georgia. “YouTube suspends Mr. Trump channel”(Japanese). WSJ Japan. 2021/1/14Browse.
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  21. ^ a b Staff, Reuters "Apple and Amazon remove right-wing SNS "Parlor"“Reuters” May 2021, 1.2021/1/11Browse.
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  24. ^ Kinsame. “Eradication of extremism has given Xinjiang women more autonomy, says report". www.chinadaily.com.cn. 2021/1/11Browse.
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  33. ^ "WHO expert team decided to visit China this week I could not enter the country last week". news.tv-asahi.co.jp. 2021/1/11Browse.
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  35. ^ Kyodo News (March 2021, 1). “Gorilla infected with new corona US zoo, first large ape | Kyodo News”(Japanese). Kyodo News. 2021/1/12Browse.
  36. ^ "XNUMX deaths in Syria Israeli airstrikes or the worst damage ever". TBS NEWS. 2021/1/14Browse.
  37. ^ "Statement by Mr. Trump Calling for calm for Presidential Inauguration". news.tv-asahi.co.jp. 2021/1/14Browse.
  38. ^ INC, SANKEI DIGITAL (January 2021, 1). “US President Donald Trump's second impeachment charge for the first time in history”(Japanese). Sankei News. 2021/1/14Browse.
  39. ^ Ballhaus, Natalie Andrews, Kristina Peterson and Rebecca. “U.S. House of Representatives denounces Mr. Trump 10 Republicans agree”(Japanese). WSJ Japan. 2021/1/14Browse.
  40. ^ Japan Broadcasting Corporation. “International Human Rights Organizations Strongly Condemn President Trump for Annual Report". NHK News. 2021/1/14Browse.
  41. ^ "New York City Suspension Contract with Trump Family Business U.S. Parliament Attack: Current Affairs.com”(Japanese). Current affairs dot com. 2021/1/14Browse.
  42. ^ Xiao, Eva. “US government bans imports of cotton and tomato products from Xinjiang Uygur”(Japanese). WSJ Japan. 2021/1/14Browse.
  43. ^ Kyodo News (March 2021, 1). “Italy leaves coalition with former prime ministers Resigns from two minority party ministers | Kyodo News”(Japanese). Kyodo News. 2021/1/14Browse.
  44. ^ Kyodo News (March 2021, 1). “Iran launches R & D on metallic uranium IAEA reports to member countries | Kyodo News”(Japanese). Kyodo News. 2021/1/14Browse.
  45. ^ Japan Broadcasting Corporation. “More than 1000 people infected with new corona in South Korean detention center 900 people to parole". NHK News. 2021/1/14Browse.
  46. ^ "Vientiane Times". www.vientianetimes.org.la. 2021/1/15Browse.
  47. ^ "Resigned from the Dutch Cabinet and liable for unfair return of childcare allowance“Reuters” May 2021, 1.2021/1/16Browse.
  48. ^ Biden wins majority of electors ... certified in each state --Yomiuri Shimbun Online (December 2020, 12), viewed December 5, 2020.
  49. ^ a b "Over XNUMX million infected people in the world, mutants discovered one after another ... Vaccine supply cannot catch up”(Japanese). Yomiuri Shimbun Online (September 2021, 1). 2021/1/28Browse.
  50. ^ a b c "New Corona Over 1 million infected people worldwide”(Japanese). NHK News (February 2021, 1). As of February 27, 2021オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2021/1/28Browse.
  51. ^ Myanmar Army declares seizure of power Aung San Suu Kyi and others are detained BBC News (November 2021, 2) Retrieved December 1, 2021.
  52. ^ "[https://www.jma.go.jp/jma/press/2102/14a/202102140110.html About the earthquake off the coast of Fukushima Prefecture at around 13:23 on February 08, 23rd year of Reiwa-About the "2011 Tohoku-Pacific Ocean Earthquake" (89th report)-] ". Meteorological Agency. 2021/2/23Browse.
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  57. ^ a b Tokyo Olympics/Para decide to postpone “about 1 year” Retain the name “Tokyo 2020” BBC NEWS (March 2020, 3)
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  68. ^ ""Kingsman" new work will be released simultaneously in Japan and the United States on March 3, next year!". Cinema Today (September 2020, 12). 2020/12/29Browse.
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  71. ^ 'A Quiet Place 2,''Top Gun: Maverick' Delayed Until 2021,variety
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  77. ^ “The third edition of “Ghostbusters” will be released next year, and a trailer featuring Paul Rudd has also arrived”Movie Natalie. (March 2019, 12). https://natalie.mu/eiga/news/358830 2019/12/20Browse. 
  78. ^ "The movie "Shin Evangelion Theatrical Version" will be released on January 2021, 1! (23/1)". Netorabo (September 2020, 10). 2020/10/16Browse.
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  80. ^ The movie "Shin Evangelion Movie version" will be released in 2020 (Netorabo July 2018, 7)
  81. ^ "Shin Evangelion theatrical version" special news release(Evangelion official website July 2018, 7)
  82. ^ Released in June 2020 "Shin Evangelion Theatrical Version" Special Report 6 now available(Evangelion official website July 2019, 7)
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  89. ^ Gregory BenfordBeyond the Sea of ​​Stars, Hayakawa Publishing, 1986, pp. 25-30.ISBN 978-4-15-010662-1.

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