Photo [High School Examination 2021] Tokyo Metropolitan High School Entrance Examination / Advancement Guidance Priority School "National High School" Comment
[High School Examination 2021] Tokyo Metropolitan High School Entrance Examination / Advancement Guidance Priority School "National High School" Comment
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For idioms that are rarely used in daily life, it is necessary to infer the kanji from the context.
Reiwa 3rd year (2021) Tokyo Metropolitan High School enrollment selection (metropolitan entrance examination) academic ability test will be conducted on February 3st (Sunday), Reiwa 2rd year ... → Continue reading
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An idiom is two or more words単 語Refers to something that is tightly bound and has a completely different meaning,LinguisticsTypicallyidiomIs called. Idioms are used as fixed phrases in conversations and sentences.
With idiomsproverbSince (proverbs) are easily confused and difficult to classify, many dictionaries contain both proverbs and idioms. Strictly speaking, the proverb is established as an independent word in one sentence,motto, Lessons, irony, and laws of things (eg, "Kobo is also a mistake in writing," "losing but winning," "Mikabozu," etc.). AndPart of speechThen.nounIt is divided into.
On the other hand, they are fixed phrases that have different meanings due to the compounding of words that are independent of idioms, and they are not usually treated as independent words, that is, nouns.
For example, the idiom "Before the root of the tongue dries" is "tongue (noun)" + "no (particle)" + "root (noun)" + "no (particle)" + "dry (verb)" It is composed of "imperfective form" + "nu (auxiliary verb)" + "uchi (noun)" + "ni (particle)", and each has a different meaning. On the other hand, "before the root of the tongue dries" becomes an idiomatic expression that means "immediately after the mouth is spoken", and after this word, an expression that denies the previous context always comes.
"Legs come out" etc.verb,adjective,Adjective verbWhen using as a predicate, depending on the situation of conversation and sentencesInflection(However, there are some that are classified as proverbs even if they end with a verb, such as "a bird leaves from your feet"). Also, idioms are lessons like a sayingmottoIt does not function as a function, but is a funny expression of daily behavior and the state of things.
That is, the idiom is a kindMetaphor(metaphor) It is also an expression, and their meanings are fixed. Therefore, if you do not understand the meaning correctly, you may use it in a strange way, or you may give a wrong response to the person who used it.
In addition, although idioms almost overlap with the definition of idioms, they also include phrases that have been customarily used for a long time, such as "None-no-seven habits," and may have nuances close to proverbs..
In addition, idioms are often confused with phrases and idioms,ChengyuSometimes used as an abbreviation for. In Chinese-speaking countries, in JapanFour character idiomatic compoundsIt is used almost synonymously with.
An idiom in linguistics, i.e.idiom(Idiom) is customarily defined as a collocation expression with fixed meanings and examples, such as lexical idioms (lexical idioms), phrasal idioms, and formal idioms. There is.
- ^ "An example dictionary of synonyms that understand how to use" Shogakukan (1994)
- Kazuhiko Takagi "For Phrasebook Research" ("Educational language』38,1974.Hirotake MatsumotoHen "Method of studying Japanese"Mugi Shobo,1978,ISBN 9784838401031 Reprinted in)
Everyday life(Nichijo Seikatsu) is repeated every dayLifeThat.
Specifically, the events that are repeated in everyday lifeCustomMovement, the way of thinking of things used there,knowledge(common sense), contacted items (some of them areDaily necessitiesCalled)) and so on. However, when comparing the facts of everyday life,History,cultureAnd also often varies greatly from person to person. What is natural in one's daily life is special in other people's daily life,InsaneKnowing that things often lead to intellectual surprises and lessons for people. At the same time, it may be surprising to find common sense that is common among people who live too different daily lives. The patterns of everyday life often become traditional culture when it lasts. Also,TimeThe landscape and the way of thinking and the psychology of people that change with the flow of are also called the world.
In addition to things that are repeated daily, they are repeated every yearEvent,traditional culture, Which characterize the seasonTraditional poetryAnd so on, sometimes get attention as a key to understanding everyday life.
- Sigmund Freud(1901) The Psychopathology of Everyday Life, 
- Henri Lefebvre(1947) Critique of Everyday Life
- Raoul Vaneigem(1967) The Revolution of Everyday Life
- Michel de Certeau(1974), The Practice of Everyday Life
- Shotter, John(1993) Cultural politics of everyday life: Social constructionism, rhetoric and knowing of the third kind.
- John A. Bargh(1997) The Automaticity of Everyday life. 
- The Everyday Life Reader, 2001, edited by Ben Highmore. ISBN 041523025X