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🎁 | Thank you!Bento!Ohayo!Hokkaido


Thank you!Bento!Ohayo!Hokkaido

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Mindfulness has been shown to have positive effects not only on the mind but also on the body and brain through clinical studies in brain science and psychology.

February 2th (Thursday) program "Weekly gift" This week's Ohayo!Hokkaido, all the people who participated in the program ... → Continue reading

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Sapporo: AM1440kHz / FM90.4MHz We have been talking about Hokkaido for more than half a century!We deliver a variety of content, such as music-related guests, local information in Hokkaido, and sports topics, centering on program topics such as the back side of the broadcast and personality affairs!Information from Hokkaido is from STV Radio!

Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Brain science

Brain science(Ask,British: brain science) IsHuman capitalincludingAnimal OfbrainAnd it producesFeatures ResearchToLearningIt is a field.The target brain functions include those related to sensory input processing such as visual cognition and auditory cognition, those called higher cognitive functions such as memory, learning, prediction, thinking, language, and problem solving, and those related to emotions.

Main methods / sub-fields

There are various methods or fields as follows, each of which has its own strengths and weaknesses. You may do more than one field at the same time.

Example: Measuring the firing of dopamine neurons with an extracellular electrode when a monkey is given a reward task (= computational neuroscience + electrophysiology).This is an experiment by the famous Schultz et al. (1993).

  • Electrophysiology: Using the patch clamp method in animals and intracellular electrodes, cortical electrodes, electroencephalograms, magnetoencephalograms, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), etc. in humans and animals, micro-macro electrical activity related to nerve cell excitement Look at the level of.
  • Neuroanatomy: Investigate the internal structure of nerve cells, connections between nerve cells, dynamic changes in cell structure, etc. using an optical microscope, electron microscope, freeze-cutting method, immunostaining, etc.
  • Molecular biology: Investigate the characteristics of nerve cells at the genetic and protein levels.
  • Functional brain imaging: A method of visualizing brain activity using various devices.
  • Brain function mapping: A method of "mapping" how each part of the brain works in functional brain imaging and injured brain research, as if the brain were like a map.
  • Animal behavior experiments: Observe the behavior of animals such as monkeys and mice by administering drugs or manipulating genes.
  • Psychological research, psychophysical research: By inferring brain function by having the subject human perform various tasks and observing behavior (eg, visual interference stimulation experiment).
  • Theoretical neuroscience: Research is conducted by reproducing the functions of nerves on a computer or creating theoretical models such as cognition and learning.Computational neuroscienceSuch.

How to use the term

The term "brain science" is widely used in academic fields as follows.For example, the word "brain science" is used in the following organizations as the name of a public research organization in Japan.

In addition, books that can be regarded as specialized books that include the term "brain science" include "development of functions from the perspective of brain science."[15], "Molecular Brain Science"[16], "Series Brain Science"[17], "Invitation to Brain Science"[18]and so on.

Difference between "brain science" and "neuroscience"

Director of RIKEN Brain Science InstituteTonegawa SusumuIs the subject of research at this center, "A variety of disciplines including engineering, computational theory, and psychology, with research subjects ranging from molecular structures in the brain to neural circuits, cognitive / memory / learning mechanisms, health and diseases, etc." We are aiming for interdisciplinary and integrated research against the background of the field. In recent years, it connects neurobiology, which deals with microscopic levels such as molecules and cells, with macroscopic levels such as cognition and computational theory. Focuses on neural circuit research. "[19].

On the other hand, according to the description of "Japan Neuroscience Society", "Japan Neuroscience Society promotes basic, clinical and applied research on the brain and nervous system, returns the results to society, and eventually improves the welfare and culture of humankind. It is an academic organization that brings together neuroscience researchers to contribute. "[20]..The subject of neuroscience includes the brain, and research on neuroscience requires research on nerves.If you dare to classify it, it can be said that the difference is that neuroscience has a wider conceptual range because nerves include other than cranial nerves.

Works and games with the theme of "brain science"

"Brain scientist" is useful to the Japanese mass media, has appeared on many TV programs, and has written many books.

In the publication of "Brain Scientist", "Brain revolutionThere are also best-selling ones such as "Adult calculation drill that trains the brain".Especially, "Adult calculation drill that trains the brain" is "Adult DS training to train your brainIt was made into a game on the Nintendo DS and became a popular software in the early days of the DS.

Japanese brain scientist

In alphabetical order.Includes people known through media appearances and writing activities related to brain science.

  The University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Professor

  Books such as "The brain that has evolved too much" and "The brain makes excuses for something"

  Professor Emeritus, University of Tokyo

  Books such as "Brain Blueprints"

  Professor Emeritus, Kyoto University

  Books such as "Sex is life" and "Brain and libido"

  Professor, Institute of Aging Medicine, Tohoku University

  Books such as "Brain training for modern people" and "Farewell brain boom"

  Professor Emeritus of Keio University

  Books such as "The book that makes you smarter"

  Professor Emeritus, Kyoto University

  Books such as "Hands and Brains" and "Running and Brains"

  Professor, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo

  Books such as "Brain Science of Language"

  Professor, Faculty of International Communication, Musashino Gakuin University

  Books such as "Brain Structure and Evolution of Intelligence: Introduction to Biology of the Mind" and "Selfish Brain"

  Professor, Nippon Medical School

  Books "Brain and Computer" "Consciousness and Brain"

  Professor, Suwa University of Science Common Education Center

  Books such as "37 Habits That Change to" Immediate Brains "" 

  Professor Emeritus, Hamamatsu Medical University

  Books such as "Mechanisms of illness caused by stress"

  Professor Emeritus, University of Tokyo

  Books such as "Memory Mechanism" and "Nurturing the Brain"

  Professor Emeritus, Hosei University

  Books such as "Cerebral Physiology of Memory"

  Director, Brain Research Institute, Japan Psychiatric Center

  Books "History of a Brain Researcher" "What is a Conditional Reflex?"

  Professor Emeritus, University of Tokyo

  Works such as "Brain Story" and "Brain and Human"

  Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  Books such as "My Brain Science Lecture"

   Carnegie Mellon University Cylab Fellow

  Books such as "Brainwashing Principles"

  Professor, Center for Child and Mental Development, University of Fukui

  Books such as "Parents who hurt children's brains"

  Specially Appointed Professor, Higashi Nippon International University

  Books such as "What people in the world always do" and "Prayer" from the perspective of brain science

  Professor, Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University

  Works such as "Monkeys who love music" and "Monkeys with mobile phones"

  Senior Researcher, Sony Computer Science Laboratories

  Books such as "Brain and Virtual" and "Now, from here to everywhere"

  Nihon University Professor

  Books such as "Game Brain Horror"


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