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👶 | What is gender?In some cases of inequality or unconscious pressure [Let's think about SDGs # 5]


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What is gender?In some cases of inequality or unconscious pressure [Let's think about SDGs # 5]

 
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In Japan as well, the Cabinet Office has various systems in place to realize a gender-equal society.
 

Have you ever discussed gender with your child?There is a side that I do not know, and somehow it is a topic ... → Continue reading

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Gender equality society

Gender equality societyWhat is (Danjokyodosan Kakushakai)?1999 (Heisei11 years)May 6Promulgation / enforcement "Basic Law for Gender Equality SocietyIn Japan, based on the basic lawSocial policyone of.The aim is "a society where both men and women can play an active role in all fields according to their motivation."[1] Is.JurisdictionCabinet OfficeThe English notation for "gender equality" is "gender equality".

Overview

The legal definition of a gender-equal society is that "men and women, as equal members of society, have the opportunity to participate in activities in all areas of society on their own initiative, so that men and women are equally political and economic. It is said to be a society in which people can enjoy the social, social and cultural benefits and should take responsibility together (Article 2 of the Basic Act for Gender Equality).

For the realization of a gender equality society2001 (13) January 1 The Minister of State for Special Missions of the Cabinet Office is appointed.Detail isMinister of Special Affairs, Cabinet Office (in charge of gender equality),Minister for Special Missions, Cabinet Office (declining birthrate and gender equality)See.at the same timeCabinet OfficeToGender Equality BureauWas established.Since then, a budget for gender equality has been allocated to each ministry and agency, and every year, trillions of yen have been allocated.budget(In addition, the total budget for FY23 for projects related to gender equality is about 6.7 trillion yen, of which 2.8 trillion yen is classified as a welfare-related budget for the elderly and people with disabilities. , It will be the budget for the business excluding it (improvement of working environment for women, etc.)[2].

Gender equality departments are set up in government offices and municipalities nationwide, and there are multiple full-time staff.Each participation-related department is entitled "Citizen's Awareness Reform" and is the 21st Century Vocational Foundation (Ministry of Health, Labor and WelfareWe are encouraging "gender equality" such as "female economic independence (wage workerization)" together with gender equality groups under the government (jurisdiction).In addition, as a measure related to promoting the formation of a gender-equal society, the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare will play a central role in promoting the active participation of women and the elimination of disparities.Positive actionIs being implemented.

Ministry of Economy, Trade and IndustryThen,Tokyo Stock ExchangeFrom 2012 in collaboration withPromotion of active participation by womenThe listed company "Nadeshiko Brand" is selected and announced.The Nadeshiko brand is positioned as one of the companies listed on the First Section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange that is actively promoting the improvement of the environment for female employees and the utilization of female human resources.The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry describes "Nadeshiko brand" companies as "growth companies" in terms of "management ability to utilize diverse human resources" and "adaptability to environmental changes".[3].

Measures of the Gender Equality Bureau, Cabinet Office

  1. Every year, we set up a gender equality week to carry out educational activities. (June 6-23 every year)
  2. Gender equality society creation meritorious personPrime MinisterGive an award.The Cabinet Office receives recommendations from the relevant ministries and agencies for examination, and the Prime Minister decides.
  3. Misleading and confusing to spread the concept of correct gender equalityGender-freeTo avoid using the term ""Prefectures-Government-designated citySuch asLocal governmentCall for thorough awareness [2].
  • As "promotion of gender equality in the media"[4],
  1. Eradication of sexual and violent expressions for children,
  2. We are promoting the spread of Internet filtering.

Initiatives at the local government level

In accordance with Article 14 of the Basic Act for Gender Equality, the purpose was to promote a gender equality society even in local governments.OrdinanceIs being formulated[5][6][7].

Efforts being discussed

Selective couple surname system

Discussions are being held on the introduction of a selective marital gender system (marital surname selection system) in Japan.

GlobalizationModern, selectiveFamily name by coupleIntroduced the systemmarriageIf you can choose not to change your surname, you will be able to expand the opportunities for women to advance into society and play an active role internationally.Gender equalityThere is a claim that it will be a big step forward (Masahiro Okuno)[8], Japan Federation of Bar Associations[9]).

Japan passportIs limited to family register surnames, and a system that does not allow you to choose a different surname is holding back women who are active across countries.[10][11], The claim,Mainichi Newspapers,AERAIs reporting.

Patent TheFamily registerGet by name[12],Ministry of educationSince the name of the recipient of the "Young Scientist Award" is the family register name, he asserts that it is a problem to mix with the maiden name in important situations where research results are recognized.AERAIs reporting[11].

2015 OfNihon Keizai ShimbunAccording to a survey byWorking married woman77% of the respondents are in favor of a "selective surname system for married couples," which allows married couples to give their surnames before marriage if they so desire.Currently at workI'm using my maiden nameAs far as people are concerned, 83% agree.[13].

Quota system

Considering the abolition of the preferential treatment system for dependent spouses

Exemption for dependentsIt is argued that the system hinders social advancement by the intentional restraint of wages by dependent spouses (“103 million yen wall” and “150 million yen wall”).SimilarlyHealth insuranceFee ・Welfare pension premiumAs for the wages, the wages that are not obligatory to join as dependents can be suppressed (“106 million yen wall” and “130 million yen wall”).AlsoJapanese pensionThere is also a debate about the third insured person (preferential treatment for dependent spouses such as full-time housewives).

It is said that these systems create a structure in which the husband earns and the wife supports at home.

Social movement

"Kitanagoya Women's Association Gender Equality Committee" has a video of "Momotaro No Return", a story of a female version of Momotaro who changed the positions of men and women.AichiManufactured and distributed with the subsidy of[14][15].

Opposition movement group

Japan ConferenceIt is,housewifeCriticism that women are trying to get women who do not want to work by abolishing respect for their rolechildrenHe insists that he should concentrate on raising children while he is small, and is campaigning against various activities of gender equality.[16].

Comparison with the world

World Economic ForumHas released the Global Gender Gap Report, which indexes the degree of gender disparity in each country in the world, and Japan ranked 2018th out of 149 countries in 110 (2017 countries in 144). 114th in the middle)[17]..By field, the ranking was particularly low in the economic and political fields.

In the same report in 2012, it was ranked 135st out of 101 countries in the world.[18]..On the other hand, it has been pointed out that the improvement of the gender gap has hardly progressed, and that it has relatively receded in this field.[19].

In the countries where the couple is designated at the time of marriage,2012 At presentJapanOnly.

It is also argued that the couple's principle can be an obstacle to gender equality (Japan Federation of Bar Associations).[9]).

There are several other international indicators of gender equality, as of 2017 GDI (Gender Development Index) Is 55th / 164 countries, HDI (Human development index) Is 19th / 189 countries, GII (Gender inequality index) Is 22nd / 160 countries[20].

Criticism

While this idea is in favor of equalizing the rights of men and women, positive improvement measures (Positive action) Is also criticized (Cabinet Office Gender Equality Bureau)[21]).

In the United States, it has been pointed out that "it may hinder free competition and impair the vitality of society and companies."[21].

Hideki Kakeya, an associate professor of system information at Tsukuba University, is no longer interested in whether or not the purpose is to increase the number of women in the field because of the quality gathered in the "Rikejo" project limited to Haruko Obokata and high school girls. Gender Equality is listed as one of the four soils where malicious research misconduct is likely to occur.Furthermore, when senior female researchers who had produced results only by their abilities before gender equality made harsh comments to Haruko Obokata, the supporters of Obokata made remarks such as "Aunt's sword" on the net. He points out that women who have only come by being given preferential treatment because they are women in gender equality are a nuisance to women who have taken seriously and produced results, saying that it is true discrimination against women.[22].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ What is a "gender equality society"? Gender Equality Bureau, Cabinet Office
  2. ^ [1] Cabinet Office Gender Equality 23 Budget
  3. ^ Selected listed companies that excel in women's success “Nadeshiko Brand” Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
  4. ^ (Cabinet Office Gender Equality Bureau) Gender Equality White Paper 19 Edition
  5. ^ Osaka Gender Equality Promotion Ordinance Osaka Prefecture April 2002, 4
  6. ^ Yokohama City Gender Equality Promotion Ordinance Yokohama City March 2001, 3
  7. ^ Kyoto Municipal Gender Equality Promotion Ordinance Kyoto City December 2003, 12
  8. ^ "Use of common name and surname for married couple", Economics and its surroundings, 6th (final)
  9. ^ a b Japan Federation of Bar Associations "Let's change now! Family Law: Discrimination among Children Outside of Marriage and Considering Surnames by Selective Couple,” Nihon Kayo Publishing, 2011
  10. ^ "Common use, limit to understanding of companies",Mainichi Newspapers, August 2016, 1.
  11. ^ a b "Even after marriage," Maiden name "Is there any unexpected inconvenience overseas? , AERA, October 2015, 10
  12. ^ "Q & A regarding formal examination of procedures such as applications", JPO
  13. ^ "Selective married couples' surnames, 77% of working married women agree Headquarters survey",Nihon Keizai Shimbun, August 2015, 3
  14. ^ Summary of the results of the XNUMXnd Kitanagoya City Gender Equality Council
  15. ^ The creative drama "Momotaro No Return (Original by Kazuhiro Okuyama)", which depicts the old tale "Momotaro" from the perspective of gender equality, is "What if Momotaro was born from a girl, not Momotaro?" It starts from that.
  16. ^ "Five female ministers, the number is moving forward, but the words and actions are ...". Asahi Shimbun(November 2014, 9). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 9.. https://web.archive.org/web/20140904002712/http://www.asahi.com/articles/ASG934VHBG93UTIL01R.html 
  17. ^ "World Economic Forum publishes `` Gender Gap Index 2018''". Gender Equality Bureau, Cabinet Office. 2019/7/21Browse.
  18. ^ World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap Report 2012
  19. ^ OECD Japan Examination Report 2015
  20. ^ "International Index on Gender Equality | Gender Equality Bureau, Cabinet Office". web.archive.org (September 2019, 7). 2019/7/21Browse.
  21. ^ a b Gender Equality Bureau, Cabinet Office "Awareness of positive action (affirmative action)'
  22. ^ "Common points of troubled people who believe in Haruko Obokata". 2018/5/16Browse.

References

Chapter 5 Discomfort with the publication "Gender Check"
Chapter 5 4 Why so many women's centers and women's government officials jumped to "gender check"
  • Mayuko WatanabeWritten by "AdultMedia literacyLiberta Publishing (October 2007)
  • Meeting to promote co-education of home economics"Home economics, why only women! (1977)
  • "Management sentiment: Did you learn" what is technology "at school? (Nikkei BP, ITPro, May 2008)
  • Hiroshi Sakurai[Avoid ambiguity]Written by "Technical Literacy for Social Culture" Tokai University Press (July 2006)
  • "American Educational Strategy to Enhance International Competitiveness-Reform from Technical Education" by the International Society for Technical Education (July 2002)
  • A meeting to think about the revision of the Civil Code "Understanding Civil Code Amendment-In Search of Selective Marital Surnames & Elimination of Discrimination against Married Couples" Chaoyangkai, 2010
  • Japan Federation of Bar AssociationsHen "Let's change now!Family Law: Discrimination against children born out of wedlock and selective surnames for married couples, Nihon Kajo Shuppan, 2011
  • Junichi Watanabe"Common-law marriage-a new form of love" Shueisha, 2011
  • Hiromi Ikeuchi"Reinstatement of a man" A woman wants to respect a man, Diamond, 2006

Related literature/articles

Related item

外部 リンク

Cabinet Office

Cabinet Office(Well,English: Cabinet Office, Abbreviation: CAD) IsJapan OfAdministrative agencyOne of the.Cabinet SecretariatHelpCabinetPlan and coordinate the important policies ofPrime MinisterBe in charge ofAdministrative workHave jurisdiction over[3].

Overview

The Cabinet Office2001 (Heisei13 years)Reorganization of central ministriesInPrime Minister's Office,Economic Planning Agency,Okinawa Development Agency,National Land AgencyDisaster Prevention BureauIntegrated,CabinetIt was set up to assist in policy planning and comprehensive coordination under the initiative.The head of the Cabinet Office andChief Minister ThePrime MinisterIs[4]..To the Cabinet OfficeNational Public Safety CommissionSuch asImportant featuresAre concentrated.

Since the office work of the Cabinet Office can cover almost all areas of the government, the duties of the Prime Minister who supervises it are also extremely wide-ranging.Therefore,Cabinet Office Establishment LawThen the Prime Minister went to the Cabinet Office to help himselfMinister for Special Missions, Cabinet OfficeIt is stipulated that can be placed.

The Cabinet OfficeCabinet SecretariatAs an organization that assists in planning and general coordination of important policies of the Cabinet, and handles administrative affairs that the Prime Minister should be in charge of.Royal family,honorAnd office work related to the official system,Gender equality societyThe formation ofConsumer lifeandCitizenshipStabilization and improvement of people's lives centered on measures related toOkinawaPromotion and development,Northern Territories issueThe solution ofdisasterProtection of the people from, of the countrySecuritySecuring,金融Has jurisdiction over ensuring appropriate functions of the government, establishing a foundation to support the implementation of government measures, and measures related to the economy and a wide range of other fields.[4].

組織

The Prime Minister goes to the Cabinet Office to help himselfMinister for Special Missions, Cabinet OfficeCan be placed.The ministers in charge of special missions, "in charge of Okinawa and northern measures," "in charge of finance," "in charge of consumer and food safety," and "in charge of declining birthrate," are indispensable.Chief Cabinet Secretary TheNational Public Safety CommissionIn charge of generalizing the office work of the Cabinet Office, excluding the jurisdiction of the Minister of State for Special Missions of the Cabinet Office (Article 8, Paragraph 1 of the same law).Deputy Secretary-General, Cabinet SecretariatParticipates in matters related to specific matters (paragraph 2 of the same)[4].

Initially, it was questioned that it was not appropriate to name it "Cabinet Office" because it was an organization that shared and managed administrative affairs, not the Cabinet itself.[5].

National Administrative Organization LawIs not applicable and required[Annotation 1]Are regulated by the Cabinet Office Establishment Law. Since many important policy issues require cross-ministerial response, many tasks have been concentrated since the establishment of the Cabinet Office. Authorized child institutionThe system has become more and more important, and the bloat has come to be pointed out.[6]..内閣府設置当初6名だった特命担当大臣も、2020年9月現在、10名となり、国務大臣20名の半数となっているAs of September XNUMX, the number of ministers in charge of special missions, which was six when the Cabinet Office was established, has increased to ten, half of the XNUMX ministers of state.[7]. In 2015First Abe CabinetAs a review of operations, the "Law to partially revise the National Government Organization Act, etc. for strengthening functions related to comprehensive coordination of important policies of the Cabinet" was enacted, and the transfer of office work to each ministry and agency in the future was stipulated. rice field[8].

The internal organization of the Cabinet Office is generallylawCabinet Office establishment law,Cabinet OrderCabinet Office Main Office Ordinance andCabinet Office OrdinanceThe Cabinet Office's organizational rules are stipulated hierarchically.

Many of the Cabinet Office organizationsTokyoChiyoda WardNagata TownCabinet Office 6-1-XNUMX andCentral Joint Government Building No. 8Located in.However,Decentralization Reform Promotion Office,Consumer CommitteeSecretariat,International Peace Cooperation HeadquartersThe secretariat is Chiyoda WardKasumigaseki1-chome 1-XNUMXCentral Joint Government Building No. 4ToMinister's SecretariatNumber system officeEtc. of Kasumigaseki 1-chome 2-XNUMX, Chiyoda-kuCentral Joint Government Building No. 2ToRegional Revitalization Promotion SecretariatEtc. are located in Nagatacho Joint Government Building, 11-39-XNUMX Nagatacho, Chiyoda-ku, and othersOtemachi Joint Government BuildingBuilding No. 3Ministry of Economy, Trade and IndustryIt is divided into an annex and a private building.

As the public relations magazine of the Cabinet Office, "Public Relations Bousai" (policy director (disaster prevention)), "Academic trends" (Science Council of Japan) Etc. exist for each department.

Executive

Internal departments, etc.

Conference on important policies

Council etc.

Facility, etc.

Special institution

Local branch office

  • Okinawa General Bureau(Article 43, Paragraph 1 of the Cabinet Office Establishment Act, Article 54, Paragraph 3 of the Cabinet Office Main Office Ordinance)
    • General Affairs Department
    • Finance Department
    • Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Department
    • Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
    • Development and Construction Department
    • Transportation Department

Outer office etc.

The Imperial Household Agency isOuter officeHowever, it is now regarded as an institution with its own position (Article 49 of the Cabinet Office Establishment Act) rather than the external office of the Cabinet Office (Article 48 of the Cabinet Office Establishment Act).[9].Official gazetteIn the Cabinet Office only, the "outer office" is labeled as "outer office" and the Imperial Household Agency is listed first in the section. The Defense Agency used to be an outside office of the Cabinet Office,2007 March 1Ministry of DefenseWas promoted and abolished. In addition, the Fair Trade Commission, which was originally an external office of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications,2003 Was changed to an external office of the Cabinet Office.

Minister for Special Missions, Cabinet Office

FinanceShunichi Suzuki(Minister of Finance)
Economic and Fiscal PolicyDaishiro Yamagiwa(Minister for Economic Recovery)
In charge of Nuclear Damage Compensation/Decommissioning Support OrganizationKoichi Hagita(Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry)
Nuclear disaster preventionTsuyoshi Yamaguchi(Minister of the Environment)
Disaster preventionNinoyu Satoshi(National Public Safety Commission Chair)
Ocean Policy Officer
In charge of Okinawa and northern areasSaimei Kozaburo(Minister of Reconstruction)
In charge of regulatory reformKaren Makishima(Digital Minister)
Regional RevitalizationSeiko Noda
In charge of declining birthrate
Gender equality
Consumer and food safetyKenji Wakamiya(Minister in charge of the 2025 International Exposition)
Cool Japan Strategy Officer
Intellectual Property Strategy
Science and Technology Policy OfficerTakayuki Kobayashi
Space Policy Officer

Jurisdiction

Responsible for the Cabinet OfficeIndependent administrative agencyIs as of April 2021, 4,National Archives,Northern Territories Problem Countermeasure Associationas well as the Japan Medical Research and Development OrganizationIn addition, the Consumer Affairs Agency, which is an external station,National Life CenterHas jurisdiction over[10].. National ArchivesAdministrative agencyAnd executives and employeesgovernment officialHave a status of

Have jurisdictionSpecial corporationIs as of April 2021, 4,Okinawa Development Finance Corporationas well as the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate SchoolAre two corporations[11].. The predecessor of Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate UniversityOkinawa Science and Technology Research FoundationMet.

Have jurisdictionAuthorized corporationIs as of April 2021,Nuclear Damage Compensation/Decommissioning Support OrganizationAre two corporations[12].

As of April 2021, 4, the Cabinet Office is in chargeSpecial private corporationDoes not exist. Of the National Public Safety CommissionSpecial institutionIsNational Police Agency Car Safe Driving CenterThe FSA, which is an external station,Japan Certified Public Accountants AssociationHave jurisdiction over[13].

finance

FY2021 (Rewa 3nd year)General accountThe budget of the Cabinet Office under the initial budget is 3 yen.[2]。組織別の内訳は、内閣本府が4006億7103万7千円、地方創生推進事務局が1049億0910万5千円、知的財産戦略推進事務局が2億1607万9千円、科学技術・イノベーション推進事務局が18億6296万1千円、健康・医療戦略推進事務局が2億5718万3千円、宇宙開発戦略推進事務局が193億0521万4千円 北方対策本部が16億9778万8千円、子ども・子育て本部が2兆9712億7054万4千円、総合海洋政策推進事務局が51億6908万2千円、国際平和協力本部が6億9194万1千円、日本学術会議が9億8496万4千円、官民人材交流センターが2億8440万7千円、沖縄総合事務局が116億9204万1千円、宮内庁が125億8949万3千円、公正取引委員会が114億6191万6千円、警察庁が3234億8473万9千円、個人情報保護委員会が40億1020万7千円、カジノ管理委員会が41億5025万4千円、金融庁が248億6251万8千円、消費者庁が118億6827万6千円となっている。

The Cabinet Office and the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry and the Ministry of the EnvironmentEnergy measures special accountWith the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. Also,国会,裁判 所,Accounting Office, Cabinet, Cabinet Office,Reconstruction Agency,Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications,Ministry of Justice,Ministry of Foreign Affairs,Ministry of Finance,Ministry of education,Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare,Ministry of Agriculture,Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry,Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism,Ministry of the EnvironmentAnd Ministry of Defense jurisdiction[Annotation 8] OfGreat East Japan Earthquake Recovery Special AccountCo-administer.

Staff

General staffAs of July 2021, 7, the total number of employees in the Cabinet Office is 1 (14,590 men and 12,149 women).[14]。本府及び外局別の人数は本府が2,370人(男性1,840人、女性530人)、宮内庁984人(男性769人、女性215人)、公正取引委員会757人(男性566人、女性191人)、国家公安委員会(警察庁)8,308人(男性7,323人、女性985人)、個人情報保護委員会134人(男性95人、女性39人)、カジノ管理委員会128人(男性104人、女性24人)、金融庁1,543人(男性1,210人、女性333人)、消費者庁366人(男性242人、女性124人)となっている。

The capacity of the Cabinet Office stipulated inSpecial occupation63 people including 1 people (4666 people until September 3, 9)[1]。各外局の定員も同政令に定められており、宮内庁:1,073人、公正取引委員会:841人(事務総局職員)、 国家公安委員会:8,031人(警察庁職員)、個人情報保護委員会:148人(事務局職員)、カジノ管理委員会:140人(事務局職員)、金融庁:1,621人(令和3年9月31日までは、1,622人)、消費者庁:378人(令和3年9月31日までは、377人)となっている。警察庁の定員のうち、2,190人はPolice officerIt is supposed to be

The budget for the FY2021 general account budget is 122, including 15,112 special positions and 15,235 general positions.[2]。機関別内訳は内閣府本府が1,265人、地方創生推進事務局7人、知的財産戦略推進事務局2人、科学技術・イノベーション推進事務局58人、健康・医療戦略推進事務局2人、宇宙開発戦略推進事務局16人、北方対策本部12人、子ども・子育て本部26人、総合海洋政策推進事務局1人、国際平和協力本部23人、日本学術会議50人、官民人材交流センター17人、沖縄総合事務局874人、宮内庁:1,080人、公正取引委員会:846人、警察庁:8,658人、個人情報保護委員会:153人、カジノ管理委員会:145人、金融庁:1,622人、 消費者庁:378人となっている。特別職について、予算定員と行政機関職員定員令の定員に大きな差異があるのは、公正取引委員会等の独立行政委員会の場合、行政機関職員定員令の定員は事務局(国家公安委員会の場合は警察庁)の定員であり、委員会の委員を含まないこと、宮内庁の場合、行政機関職員定員令の定員は長官、侍従長等を含まないのに対し、予算定員にはこれらの者を含む[Annotation 9]Because.In addition, the difference between the capacity of the National Public Safety Commission (National Police Agency staff) and the budget capacity of the National Police Agency is the difference in the capacity of administrative agency staff.Local police officerThe capacity ofPolice lawBased on Article 57, Paragraph 1, Article 6 of the Police Law Enforcement Ordinance stipulates 629 people, which is mainly due to being included only in the budget capacity.

Since regular employees of the Cabinet Office are non-governmental civil servants,Basic labor rightOf these, the right to dispute and the right to enter into collective agreements are not recognized by the National Civil Service Law.Right to organizeIs authorized and the staffUnionAs prescribed by the National Civil Service LawStaff group"Is formed or not formed, or joined or not joined (Article 108-2, Paragraph 3 of the National Civil Service Law).However, of the National Police AgencyPolice officerHas also been denied the right to organize and must not form or join a staff group (paragraph 5 of the same Article).

As of June 2021, 3,National Personnel AuthorityThe number of employee groups registered in is 1 for single bodies and 1 for branch offices.[15]The number of union members is 155, and the organization rate is 2.6%.

As a special employee,News reportWill be shown atEraSuch asBlameSpecialize inResignation specialist[16](Official residenceCalligrapher[17]) Belongs to the Human Resources Division[Annotation 10]..Apart from this, the Imperial Household Agency is also a document specialist who writes the emperor's and empress's ghostwriters (Yuhitsu) Is[18][Annotation 10].

Executive

The executives in regular positions are:[19].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ For example, the right to establish orders.
  2. ^ In addition, from other ministriesDeputy MinisterCan be concurrently appointed as Deputy Minister of the Cabinet Office.Paragraph 2 of the same Article.
  3. ^ In addition, from other ministriesParliamentary SecretaryCan be concurrently appointed as Parliamentary Secretary of the Cabinet Office.Paragraph 2 of the same Article.
  4. ^ SecretaryClassSplitting officer.
  5. ^ Former Land Agency Disaster Prevention Bureau.
  6. ^ The Financial Services Agency is in charge of the general affairs of the meeting (Article 3 of the Financial Crisis Response Council Ordinance).
  7. ^ The Consumer Affairs Agency is in charge of general affairs of the meeting.
  8. ^ All agencies that have jurisdiction over the national budget. Note thatNational Personnel AuthorityIt is not here because it belongs to the Cabinet under the jurisdiction of the budget.
  9. ^ As for the budget capacity, the National Police Agency includes members of the National Assembly Public Safety Commission.
  10. ^ a b Not a test recruitmentJunichi KatoA calligrapher such as is appointed.
  11. ^ Since the director of the center will be assigned the chief cabinet secretary under Article 18-7 (3) of the National Civil Service Act, the deputy director will be the top of the clerical staff.

Source

  1. ^ a b Ordinance on Staff for Administrative Agencies (Government Ordinance No. 44, May 5, 16) (Final revision, May 121, 3 Ordinance No. 7) - e-Gov Law Search
  2. ^ a b c Reiwa 3nd year general account budget (PDF) Ministry of Finance
  3. ^ Britannica International Encyclopedia
  4. ^ a b c Cabinet Office Kotobank Retrieved March 2021, 3.
  5. ^ Administrative Reform Council Prime Minister's Office Explanatory Material (June 6)
  6. ^ Junichi SetoStreamlining the operations of the Cabinet Secretariat and Cabinet Office(Report), (PDF) Planning and Coordination Office, Secretariat of the House of Councilors, May 2015, page 5.2019/4/27Browse.
  7. ^ "Minister/Vice Minister/Minister of Parliament". Cabinet Office. 2019/10/1Browse.
  8. ^ "Act to revise a part of the National Administrative Organization Act for strengthening functions related to comprehensive coordination of important policies of the Cabinet (Act No. 27 of 66)”. House of Representatives (May 2015, 9). 2020/1/25Browse.
  9. ^ Jun Yamamoto, Junko Obata & Hiroyuki Hashimoto 2011, pp. 23–24.
  10. ^ "List of independent administrative corporations (as of April 3, 4nd year of Reiwa) (PDF)”. Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. 2021/4/16Browse.
  11. ^ "List of special corporations by jurisdiction (as of April 3, 4) (PDF)”. Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. 2021/4/16Browse.
  12. ^ "Facilities, etc.". Cabinet Office. 2021/5/17Browse.
  13. ^ "List of private corporations established by special law (as of April 3, 4nd Reiwa: 1 corporations) (PDF)”. Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. 2021/4/16Browse.
  14. ^ Status chart of general employment status of government officials (PDF) (As of October 3, 7nd year of Reiwa)
  15. ^ Reiwa 2nd Annual Report (White Paper on Civil Servants) "Volume 1, Part 3, Chapter 6: Staff Organizations --Document 6-2; Registration Status of Staff Organizations. As of March 2021, 3. (PDF)
  16. ^ "Putting your achievements up to now and your thoughts on the heavy responsibility of the future into the brush”. National Personnel Authority. 2019/4/27Browse.
  17. ^ "About Furoshiki@Kantei". Prime minister's residence. 2019/4/27Browse.
  18. ^ "Interview with Dr. Shiro Saeki, Winner of the 74th Nissho Exhibition │ Sunstar Story │ Sunstar Product Information Site”(Japanese). Sun star. 2021/3/2Browse.
  19. ^ "Executive directory dated August 3, 10nd year of Reiwa". Cabinet Office. 2021/10/17Browse.

References

  • Atsushi Yamamoto, Junko Obata, Hiroyuki Hashimoto "Administrative Law" Yuhikaku (Ahihikaku Alma), 2011, 2nd edition.ISBN 9784641121898.

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