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Home drama(Japanglish: home drama) Is家族And the theme of domestic eventsDramaThat.comedyForComedy(Japanglish: home comedy). JapaneseTV dramaIs one of the core and most popular genres in.JapanglishAnd similar genres are in English-speaking countriesSituation comedyinclude.
There are few extraordinary elements such as flashy actions and crimes, and in general, there are many works with moderate (bland) content that can be seen in families.The harmonious exchanges between fixed regular characters are a big selling point, and these home drama elements have a great influence on other genres such as police dramas.In addition to live-action dramas, there are many hits with strong home drama elements in anime, such as "Sazae''Chibi Maruko-chan] Etc. continue to have longevity.
The word home drama is mainly used for video works, and in moviesWorld War IIIt was widely used for a long time.Tadao SatoIs "History of Japanese Film Thought" (Sanichi Shobo1970)soTomotaka TasakaDirector's "Yukiwarigusa"[Annotation 1](1951) Wrote, "This is the first movie in which Japanese-made English called home drama was born."It is said that the Daiei movie club used the word "home drama" for the first time when it was released.
History of home drama on TV
Premise of establishment
The premise for the establishment of a home drama is prewarKuni Sasaki,Lion Bunroku OfHome novel,Yasujiro OzuShochiku Ofuna movies such as works, postwar American movies,Radio DramaThe influence of is considered.In addition, there was a problem with shooting equipment that lacked portability, so a "conditional play" that was fixed in the living room or tea room of the home was suitable, and peopleSecond World WarFor example, he was looking for a new family image later.
Home drama early days
In 1940 (Showa 15), Japan's first TV drama "Before dinnerWill be broadcast live as an NHK experimental broadcast.The script isIhei UmaSo, there were only three characters, a mother, her son, and a daughter, and it was a 12-minute home drama about a little event before dinner in a single-mother family.The experimental broadcast was scheduled to be held in 1940Tokyo OlympicsIt was prepared for the TV broadcast of, but it was interrupted by the start of the Pacific War in 1941. In 1952 (Showa 27), experimental broadcasting was resumed, and the first TV drama after the war was "Newlyweds Album" (Yoshimoto YamamotoScreenplay,Atsushi Yamaguchi(Direction) will be broadcast.
In 1953 (Showa 28), the main broadcast of television begins.The broadcast time at the time of opening is 12 hours in total from 1:6 noon to 9:4 pm and from XNUMX:XNUMX pm to XNUMX:XNUMX pm, there is no scriptwriter specializing in TV dramas yet, and it was written by a radio drama writer and a drama writer. ..As a serial home drama, "My Home Sunday" (NTV,Yoichi YamashitaScreenplay,Tsutomu Ogata(Direction), "Underground for Happiness" (NKH,Today seaScreenplay, direction) etc. were broadcast.
In 1954 (Showa 29), TV receivers were not yet widespread in ordinary households, and broadcasts such as professional wrestling, baseball, and boxing seen on street TV were popular programs.As a serial home drama, "Father's Worry" (NHK,Yutaka ManafuneThere was a script, direction) and so on.
1955 (Showa 30),Furukawa RoppaStarring "Todoroki』(Nippon TV) will be broadcast.First in japanObi dramaThe original was serialized in the Yomiuri ShimbunAkiyoshiCartoon.The catchphrase of the drama was "Adults and children can enjoy the whole family."Other home dramas include "Acorn Diary ①" (NTV, original).
In 1956 (Showa 31), the spread of television progressed, and five Japanese movie companies with a sense of crisis stopped providing movie works to television.From around this time, imports of American-made TV movies became active.Yanagiya KingoroStarring "Tiger(KR TV,Tsutomu Arisaki(Legs, direction) is a comedy based on manga, "SazaeIt can be said that it was a pioneering work, and it was praised as a "Japanese-made drama" by Newsweek magazine in the United States.otherFrankie SakaiStarring "My fellow is Mr. Hanabana(KR TV, screenplay,Kei Takahashi(Direction), as a one-shot dramaTomoko MatsushimaStarring "Etsu-chan(Nippon TV,Lion BunrokuThe original, screenplay, direction) will be aired.
In 1957 (Showa 32), as a foreign TV drama, "I love lucy(NHK), "Famous dog Lassie』(KR TV) and other broadcasts begin.Mother, son and Collie dog Lassie's home drama style "Lassie" boasts a high audience rating of 45 to 50% at its peak and will continue until 1964.
Full-scale home drama
In 1958 (Showa 33), the band drama "", which is said to be a pioneering work of home dramaBehind the bus street』(NHK) begins broadcasting.The prototype was the radio drama "". "Bath Street Back" continued until 1963 and made its debut with this work.Toyo SachiyoとShima IwashitaAndHideo SatoBecame a star.American comedy "Daddy knows anything(Nippon TV), "" (NHK), "My home is fun(Nippon TV), "" (NHK), etc. were also broadcast.
In 1959 (Showa 34), Fuji TV and NET opened, and there are 5 stations including NHK, Nippon TV, and KR TV.In a home dramaSunday Theater"" (KR TV) started as the first series ofHiroshi IshiiIt continued until 1972 (Showa 47) when he died. "Mom come a little(Nippon TV) is an American home drama "Daddy knows everything" "My mom is the best in the world], Etc., which became an opportunity to establish the home drama route of Nippon Television.otherHasegawa MachikoBased on the originalApron aunt(NET) and "My paradise] (Nippon TV) etc.
Major Japanese TV home dramas
- Before dinner(1940)
- Sunday TheaterSeries (1956 -)
- Behind the bus street(1958-1963)
- Mom come a little(1959)
- Continuous tv novelseries(1961 -)
- Seven grandchildren(1964January March,19656 month - 1966May)
- Ahiru's school (1968）
- Liverball mother(1968-1972)
- It's time(1970,1971,1973）
- Thank you(1970-1975)
- Prosperity record(1970)
- Tsukushi who's child(1971)
- Don't call me daddy(1972)
- Round square (1973)
- Ginza my town (1973)
- Each autumn(1973)
- The Terauchi Kantaro family(1974）
- My neighbor(1976)
- Seven colors (1976）
- Mu (1977）
- Kishibe Album(1977)
- crossroads (1978）
- Family fever(1978)
- Mu family (1978- 1979）
- Heart(1980 - 1981）
- Naked general wanderlust(1980 -)
- Genta Ikenaka 80km(1980)
- Like Ashura(1980)
- If you peel onions ... (1981)
- Miscalculation of parents(1981)
- From the northern country(1981)
- Come, spring(1982)
- Block scraping(1983)
- Friday wives(1983)
- family game(1983)
- Large family(1984)
- Takeshi-kun high!(1985)
- Parent-child game (1986）
- Welcome to midnight (1986)
- Mom is an idol(1987)
- The passing world is full of demons(1990 - 2019）
- Mamahaha Bugi(1990)
- Become a daddy(1991)
- Under one roof(1993,1997）
- Double kitchen (1993)
- Second chance (1995）
- Kids war (1999 - 2003）
- I love you! (1999- 2009）
- Home drama! (2004）
- At home dad (2004)
- I love you (2005）
- Oni bride diary (2005）
- Brother beat (2005)
- Divorce (2005)
- God of examination (2007）
- Marriage road(2007/2009)
- History of my home (2010）
- Freeter buys a house. (2010)
- Marmo's command (2011）
- OUR HOUSE(2016）
- You have a home to go home (2018）
- Stepmom and daughter Bruce(2018）
- The story of my house(2021）
- # Looking for a family(2021)
American home drama
Dramas such as "I Love Lucy" and "Father Knows Best" have been aired in Japan since the 1950s, and the lifestyles such as electric refrigerators and station wagons that appear in the dramas are especially from the 50s to the 60s. It is said that it influenced the Japanese lifestyle over the XNUMXs..
- ^ So-called"".The synopsis is suddenly Saeko (Miki Sanjo), The child visited the house and according to the letter, he was the child of her husband.It seems that her husband made a mistake during the war.I get along well in the absence of my husband, but when I come back, I feel unforgivable.Saeko first realizes her stubbornness and rushes to find her child with her husband when she learns that the young child has been hurt by the disagreement between the two and has escaped from the house alone.
- ^ a b What is a home drama? --Kotobank, World Encyclopedia 2021nd Edition, Heibonsha (accessed June 6, 16)
- ^ What is Comedy-Kotobank, Digital Daijisen, Shogakukan (viewed June 2021, 6)
- ^ What is a TV drama? --Kotobank, World Encyclopedia 2021nd Edition, Heibonsha (accessed June 6, 16)
- ^ a b Hiroshi Matsuzaki, Nathan Long "I see! English Conversation Q & A" Language Institute, 2006, p. 23
- ^ Yoichi Matsuo"Home Drama" "Popular Culture Encyclopedia" Kobundo, 1991, pp.729-730
- ^ "The Complete History of TV Drama 1953-1994" Tokyo News Service, 1994, pp.6-7
- ^ "The Complete History of TV Drama 1953-1994" Tokyo News Service, 1994, pp.8-11
- ^ "The Complete History of TV Drama 1953-1994" Tokyo News Service, 1994, pp.14-18
- ^ "The Complete History of TV Drama 1953-1994" Tokyo News Service, 1994, pp.22-26
- ^ "The Complete History of TV Drama 1953-1994" Tokyo News Service, 1994, pp.30-34
- ^ "The Complete History of TV Drama 1953-1994" Tokyo News Service, 1994, pp.42-43
- ^ "The Complete History of TV Drama 1953-1994" Tokyo News Service, 1994, pp.53-57
- ^ "The Complete History of TV Drama 1953-1994" Tokyo News Service, 1994, pp.60-67
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah "The Complete History of TV Drama 1953-1994" Tokyo News Service, 1994, pp.700-701
- ^ a b Yoichi Shimura "Intercultural Society America Revised Edition" Kenkyusha, 2006, p. 13