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👩‍🎓 | <New Corona> Vaccine for cancellation is given to educators Kagawa / Utazu Town


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<New Corona> Vaccine for cancellation is given to educators Kagawa / Utazu Town

 
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In Utazu Town, if an elderly person cancels vaccination from June 6, the vaccination will be given priority to educators.
 

In Utazu Town, Kagawa Prefecture, if the inoculation of the new corona vaccine to the elderly is canceled, the surplus vaccine will be given to faculty and staff ... → Continue reading

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vaccination

vaccination(Vaccination,British: vaccination) IssickAgainstImmunologyTo attachantigenmaterial(vaccine) Administered (Vaccination) What to do.VaccinationBy pathogeninfectionbyIllness,Obstacle,DeathCan be prevented or tempered[1].. furtherEpidemicThe simplest and most effective way to preventCost performanceHighPreventive medicine.

JapanInVaccination methodDefines as "injecting or inoculating a human body with a vaccine that has been confirmed to be effective in preventing the disease in order to obtain an immune effect against the disease" (the vaccination method) Article 2 paragraph 1).

The substance administered by inoculation is a pathogen (live, but less virulent)Bacteria-ウ イ ル ス), a dead or inactivated pathogen, or a purified substance such as a protein.

WHOAccording to the current world, vaccination avoids the death of 200 to 300 million people.[1].. However, if the vaccination rate is further improved, the death of 150 million people can be avoided.[1].

History

Human beings willing to get another kind of infectionsickThe first example trying to mitigatesmallpox.B.C.Around 1000,IndiaでVaccination method(Variolation method) is practiced[2], Of smallpox patientspusTo a healthy person to cause mild onsetImmunologyWas being done. This smallpox method18st centuryIn the first halfThe United Kingdom, ThenAmericaWas also brought to.

1718 years,Mary Wortley MontagueWrote about the Turkish custom of vaccination with liquids from small-pox smallpox and gave similar vaccinations to their children.[3].The United KingdomThe doctorEdward JennerIt is,VacciniaAs to whether the vaccine can be used to generate immunity against human smallpox,1796Have tested at least 6 people in the last few years. The six are unidentified English (around 6), Mrs Zebel (German, around 1771), Mr. Jensen (German, around 1772), and Benjamin Jestie (English, 1770). Mrs. Rendall (English, c. 1774) and Peter Prett (German, 1782).[4][5].

The word vaccination was first used1796,Edward JennerBy. After thisLouis PasteurAdvanced the concept of vaccination with advanced research in microbiology. The vaccination (from the Latin vacca meaning Vaccination "cattle") derives its name from the first vaccine (vaccine) that infects cattle.Cowpox virusso,smallpoxIs less symptomatic, harder to cure and deadlysmallpoxBecause it gave a certain amount of immunity to[4][5].

For vaccination attempts, there are ethics, politics, safety, religion, etc.en: Vaccine controversy) Has been around since the early days. With early successMandatoryVaccination has been widely accepted by the government and a large-scale vaccination campaign has been carried out, which has significantly reduced the incidence of many diseases across many regions.

the purpose

To make antibodies against pathogens and boost immune function

Side effects

in Japan1948of"Vaccination methodSince then, compulsory vaccination and mass vaccination have expanded, but they have not been carried out in a safe manner.To give an example1964ToIbarakiInsufficient interviews, inoculation of multiple people without changing needles,MASKSInoculation, infusion of inaccurate amount, etc. were performed without[6]..In Japan, the act of inoculating multiple people without changing needles was widespread.Type B,Hepatitis CIs a frequent cause[7],It is believed that( Iatrogenic diseaseSee also).

Substances used

Inactivated vaccine

Lived with sufficiently reduced toxicityウ イ ル スInoculate.ウ イ ル スBreed, but their speed is slow. Boosting is not necessary so much because it propagates after inoculation and continues to exist as an antigen. This vaccine is produced by leaving a less virulent type of virus in tissue culture, inducing gene mutation, or removing a specific gene that exerts virulence. This major vaccine has a risk of recurrent toxicity, but removal of specific genes is relatively less risky.

Subunit vaccine

As an antigen shown to the immune systemウ イ ル スDo not inoculate sex substances.ウ イ ル スSpecific inproteinThere is a method such as separating and inoculating. The weakness of this method is that the separated proteins may be altered, in which case antibodies different from those corresponding to the virus will be produced.

Other subunit vaccines include recombinant vaccines. This is a method of injecting a protein gene of a target virus into another virus. This second virus expresses protein information but is not at risk of disease. This kind of vaccine is nowViral hepatitisIs used forEbola virus,HIVIt is being actively researched to make a vaccine against a virus that is difficult to vaccinate.[8].

Vaccination against humans

The vaccination situation in the world is as follows.

Type of vaccine

Live vaccine
A weakened virulence of a living pathogen. ,tuberculosis,Measles(Measles),Rubella,Mumps,Varieg(Mizubouso),yellow fever Such.Due to the inclusion of live pathogens, inoculated pathogens may cause mild symptoms (side reactions).
After vaccination, give another vaccine at intervals of 4 weeks (medium 27 days) or more.
Inactivated vaccine
Only the components of the pathogen that died and lost its toxicity.Hepatitis B,, pediatric,Pertussis,Polio,Japanese encephalitis,influenza,Hepatitis A,Rabiesetc.vaccineThe effect of is weak, so multiple doses are often required.
After vaccination, give another vaccine at intervals of 1 weeks (medium 6 days) or more.
Toxoid
The toxin produced by the fungus is taken out and detoxified.diphtheria,tetanus(Hashoufu) etc. As with inactivated vaccines, the vaccines are less effective and often require multiple doses. There is also the idea that it is not strictly included in the vaccine because it does not make antibodies that attack the pathogen itself.
After vaccination, give another vaccine at intervals of 1 weeks (medium 6 days) or more.

History

The practice of vaccination is believed to have its origins in ancient India, around 1000 BC.[9]Ayurvedic textbook Sact'eya Grantham was described about vaccination, according to French scholar Henri Marie Husson in Dictionaire des sciences me`dicales. It has been reported.[10] Around 200 BC, vaccinations were carried out even in ancient China[5].. Scholar Ole Lund writes: "The oldest documented example of vaccination is from 17th-century India and China, where powdered scabs of people with smallpox were used to prevent the disease. In the olden days, smallpox was a universal disease that killed 20% to 30% of infected people, smallpox accounting for 18% to 8% of deaths in several 20th-century European countries. Professor of Pathology, (en: Almroth Wright) Conducted an experiment led by a professional at Netley Hospital and shaped the form of vaccination for posterity. The results of his experiment led to the development of further vaccinations in Europe[11].

Mandatory

In order to avoid the spread of illness, at different times, states and institutions have created laws that mandate vaccination for all. For example, the 1853 law mandated smallpox vaccinations throughout England and Wales, and fined those who did not comply. Currently, the US state-wide vaccination law requires public vaccination before school. Most other countries have similar vaccinations.

Since the earliest vaccinations beginning in the 19th century, the legalization of vaccination has caused backlash from various groups. These groups are collectively known as anti-vaccinationists, who oppose vaccination from an ethical, political, hygienic, religious, and other perspectives. Common opinions are that “compulsory vaccination is excessive interference with individual problems” and “recommended vaccination is not sufficiently safe”.[12].. Modern vaccination laws provide exceptions to people with immunodeficiencies, people who are allergic to the vaccine, and those who strongly oppose it.[13].. In addition,Yogyakarta PrinciplesIn the 18th principle of "Protection against medical abuse" ofHIV infectionUnethical or unintentional vaccines forAntibacterial agentGuaranteeing protection from the administration of "(18th principle, item (d))".

Japanese vaccination

Routine vaccination

Vaccination methodWill be inoculated based on. For the vaccination costs for the target age, public funds are provided by the local government, and regarding A-type diseases,Local governmentMost of them are free of charge (administrative measures vaccinations, and there are also local governments that pay a fee). In case of health damage due to vaccination approved in Japan, there is a relief system under Article 11 of the Vaccination Law.[14].

[] Name of vaccine

Type A disease --For the purpose of preventing the outbreak of the disease and the spread of the disease in the population, the vaccination target or its guardian is obliged to make efforts for vaccination.
diphtheria-Social Services Lizard-tetanus-Polio(Acute poliomyelitis)[Four kinds of mixed vaccine, DPT-IPV],measles(Measles)rubella(Three days measles)MR vaccine],Japanese encephalitis,tuberculosis(BCG),Varieg,Hib, PediatricPneumococcusInfection【Pneumococcal vaccine, PCV13】,Cervical cancer【HPV vaccine],Hepatitis B, Rotavirus[15]
Type B disease -Mainly focused on individual prevention. No effort required.
People over the age of 65, or between the ages of 60 and under 65, with severe heart, kidney, or respiratory problems,Acquired immunodeficiency syndromeIf you are suffering frominfluenza.. In the case of people aged 65 or over, under 60 years of age and under 65 years of age, with severe heart, kidney, or respiratory disorders, or those with AIDS and weakened immunity, pneumococcal infection [23-valent pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccine, PPSV23】.

Temporary inoculation

Vaccination methodWill be inoculated based on. When the prefectural governor finds that there is an urgent need to prevent the spread, the prefectural governor may instruct the mayor to do so. Municipalities will subsidize the vaccination costs for the target ages, and in principle, the A-type diseases will be free. If health damage occurs due to vaccination, there is a relief system under Article 11 of the Vaccination Law.[14].

Type A disease -The vaccination target person or their guardian is required to make vaccination efforts.
smallpoxIn addition, type A diseases are targeted.
Inoculation was started in 2021.New coronavirus OfvaccineIs carried out in the form of imposing an obligation to make efforts for inoculation[16].
Type B disease -No vaccination effort is imposed.
HXNUMXNXNUMX influenza(As a single vaccineNew influenza measures special measures law2011 years from 23 (5)[17].. A(H2011N12)pdm1 has been included in seasonal influenza vaccine since FY1/09[18]. )

Optional vaccination

Vaccination is voluntary by the vaccinated person (or their parental authority, etc.), which is not stipulated in the Vaccination Law.

All vaccination costs will be borne by the owner. If health damage occurs due to vaccination,Relief system for adverse drug reactionsIs applied.

Mumps(Mumps),Hepatitis A, For adultsPneumococcus,Rabies,Weil's disease Autumn darknessIn addition to the above, other vaccinations other than the age groups subject to regular vaccination are also optional vaccinations.

Precautions for vaccination

According to the Vaccination Regulations, those who have a clear fever, those who have a serious acute illness, and allergies or anaphylaxis due to the components of the vaccination solution for vaccination related to the disease are revealed by the test. Those who have become ineligible are considered unsuitable and cannot be vaccinated. Pregnant persons will not be vaccinated for acute poliomyelitis, measles and rubella.

In addition, those who are known to have basic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, kidney diseases, liver diseases, blood diseases and developmental disorders, those who have fever within 2 days after the previous vaccination, or systemic rashes, etc. Of allergic allergies, having a history of convulsions in the past, having been previously diagnosed with immunodeficiency, or being allergic to the components of the inoculum to be vaccinated Some people are obliged to take vaccinations carefully based on the judgment of the doctor.

Vaccination health damage relief system

Occurrence of health damage due to side effects of vaccination is seen, although it is extremely rare. A system for prompt relief when a causal relationship between vaccination and health damage is recognized, regardless of whether or not there is negligence in the vaccination.[19].

  • Vaccination based on the Vaccination Law (=RegularInoculation,ExtraordinaryIf the Minister of Health, Labor and Welfare finds that the health damage has been caused by the
    • Benefits are provided by the municipality.
    • Minister of Health, Labour and WelfareIn the certification of, the causal relationship is examined by a disease/disability certification examination committee composed of a third party.
    • If you receive medical treatment at a medical institution, you will be required to pay the medical expenses and your expenses.
    • When disability remains, child disability pension or disability pension is paid.
    • In case of death, funeral fees and lump-sum death allowance of approximately 4,300 million yen (in case of influenza vaccine, lump-sum payment of surviving family of approximately 700 million yen, survivor pension of approximately 240 million yen (up to 10 years)) will be provided.
    • The cost of relief payment is 1/2 for the country, 1/4 for the prefecture, and 1/4 for the municipality.

Incidentally,anyAs for other health hazards due to vaccination, the drug side effect damage relief system is applied. It is based on the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency, an incorporated administrative agency, rather than the Vaccinations Act.

  • Established by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare and decided after discussions at the Pharmaceutical Affairs and Food Sanitation Council, which is composed of external experts.
    • Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) Is provided.
    • If you receive medical treatment in hospital, you will be provided with medical expenses and medical allowance. Payment will be provided in case of disability and death.
    • Benefits are set for each type, and there is also a deadline for billing.
    • Contribution from the licensed drug manufacturing and marketing companies, etc. shall be paid for the relief payment. Half of PMDA's administrative expenses are subsidies from the national government.

Vaccinations and laws (valley problems)

There is a legal structure to remedy victims whose lives and bodies have been seriously damaged by vaccination.ConstitutionIt is a problem above.17 articleTheory,29 articleParagraph 3 Interpretation theory, Article 29 Paragraph 3 Of course, interpretation theory,25 articleTheory,13 articleTheories are claimed.

Recommended vaccination sequence

National Institute of Infectious DiseasesKnow VPD,NPOVaccination schedules have been announced by the Society for the Protection of Children, the Japan Association for Primary Care, and the Japan Society for Pediatrics.

Also, at the NPO Corporation Children's Association,iPhone-AndroidSmartphoneThe vaccination scheduler app for Android is provided free of charge.

Simultaneous inoculation

``Simultaneous vaccination'' in which two or more types of vaccinations are given to one and the same person at the same time in one visit is once recognized as ``not good'' in Japan, and MHLW is "What doctors can do if they find it necessary"[20][21]However, in 2011, the Japanese Academy of Pediatrics proposed that "simultaneous vaccination is considered a necessary medical practice to protect Japanese children from diseases that can be prevented by vaccines".[21], In recent years, the number of doctors giving simultaneous vaccination has increased[22].

There is no limit to the number of combinations and

  1. Regular vaccination and voluntary vaccination
  2. Inactivated and live vaccines
  3. Live vaccines and live vaccines
  4. Injection and drink type vaccine

Can be safely inoculated simultaneously with all combinations of[23].. Some local governments and doctors have different vaccination methodsBCGOnly in the case of single vaccination without simultaneous vaccination with other vaccines[24][25].

Since a mixed vaccine contains several types of vaccine in one injection solution from the beginning, it can be said that it is a simultaneous vaccination in a broad sense.[23].

Italy vaccination

In Italy2017Than,Compulsory educationBefore receiving (up to 6 years old)Polio,diphtheria,tetanus,Hepatitis B,influenza,,,measles,rubella,Mumps,XNUMX days,chicken poxVaccinations have become mandatory[26].

Vaccination of animals

AnimalからPeopleTo be contagiousInfectious disease of animal origin(Zoonosis:Zoonosis(Also included in) and transmitted from humans to animalsZoonosisThere is vaccination for the purpose of preventing. Useful for wildlife conservation and industry家畜,Pet OfEpidemicThere are also vaccinations to prevent the spread of the disease.

Ministry of AgricultureVeterinary drug laboratory・Veterinary drug database[27]If you search for “vaccine” in, 2014 cases were registered as of December 12. But,Domestic animal infectious disease prevention methodIs a "law that stipulates the prevention of outbreaks of infectious diseases (infectious diseases) in livestock and the prevention of spread of livestock."And killDisposaldisinfectionHowever, there is no regulation regarding vaccination. "The prefectural governor, when necessary to prevent the spread of livestock infectious diseases, can have livestock quarantine officers inspect, inject, bathe or administer livestock by the methods specified by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries ( Based on the Livestock Infectious Diseases Prevention Law Article 31)", the measures such as vaccination are different for each prefecture.[28].

on the other hand,Rabies Prevention LawSince it is regulated byDogThe owner of the dogRabies vaccineMust be vaccinated once a year (Article 1 of the Rabies Prevention Law).

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Immunization coverage (Report). WHO. (2007-03). http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs378/en/. 
  2. ^ Smallpox prevention[1]
  3. ^ Behbehani AM (1983). “The smallpox story: life and death of an old disease”. Microbiol. Rev. 47 (4): 455-509. PMID 6319980. http://mmbr.asm.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=6319980. 
  4. ^ a b Plett PC (2006). “[Peter Plett and other discoverers of cowpox vaccination before Edward Jenner”] (German). Sudhoffs Arch 90 (2): 219-32. PMID 17338405. http://lib.bioinfo.pl/meid:4459 2008/3/12Browse.. 
  5. ^ a b c Lombard M, Pastoret PP, Moulin AM (2007). “A brief history of vaccines and vaccination”. Rev Sci Tech. 26 (1): 29-48. PMID 17633292. 
  6. ^ Kenji Yoshihara "From Private Rage to Public Rage-Vaccine Evil as a Social Problem" p.112-114
  7. ^ Yomiuri Shimbun February 2000, 2 Article "Expanding hepatitis C, in areas where 9% are "positive""
  8. ^ Department of Veterinary Science & Microbiology at The University of Arizona Archived August 2003, 6, at the Wayback Machine. Vaccines by Janet M. Decker, PhD
  9. ^ Lund, Ole; Nielsen, Morten Strunge and Lundegaard, Claus (2005). Immunological Bioinformatics.MIT Press. ISBN 0262122804
  10. ^ Chaumeton, FP; FV Me`rat de Vaumartoise. Dictionaire des sciences me`dicales.Paris: CLF Panckoucke, 1812-1822, lvi (1821).
  11. ^ Curtin, Phillip (1998). "Disease and Empire: The Health of European Troops in the Conquest of Africa". Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521598354
  12. ^ Wolfe R, Sharp L (2002). “Anti-vaccinationists past and present”. BMJ 325 (7361): 430-2. two:10.1136 / bmj.325.7361.430. PMID 12193361. http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/325/7361/430. 
  13. ^ Salmon, Daniel A et al.(2006) Compulsory vaccination and conscientious or philosophical exemptions: past, present, and future. Lancet 367(9508):436-442.
  14. ^ a b Medical expenses public expenditure system for vaccination accidents(Tokyo Metropolitan Government Health and Welfare Bureau)
  15. ^ "From Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare to Rota vaccine regular vaccination from October, 20”. Mix online (October 2019, 10). 2020/8/14Browse.
  16. ^ "What is the vaccination method? Corona vaccine "special case of temporary vaccination"”. Nihon Keizai Shimbun (May 2021, 4). 2021/6/8Browse.
  17. ^ Tuberculosis Infectious Disease Division, Health Bureau, Ministry of Health, Labor and WelfareOutline of Vaccination Law revision (establishment of new temporary vaccination, etc.)IASR, Vol. 32, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Infectious Disease Information Center, November 2011, pp. 11-331.
  18. ^ Influenza vaccine strain -National Institute of Infectious Diseases
  19. ^ Vaccination health damage relief systemMinistry of Health, Labor and Welfare
  20. ^ Periodic vaccination procedure -Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare
  21. ^ a b Japanese Pediatrics Association's approach to simultaneous vaccination
  22. ^ Vaccination> Simultaneous vaccination -Ariake Children's Clinic
  23. ^ a b Necessity and safety of simultaneous vaccination -Know VPD!
  24. ^ Vaccination of children -Koto Ward
  25. ^ vaccination -Hara Pediatric Clinic
  26. ^ Italy vaccinated to attend school AFP (December 2017, 5) Read December 20, 2017
  27. ^ Veterinary drug database -Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Veterinary Drug Laboratory
  28. ^ About livestock vaccines -Miyagi Prefectural Livestock Association

Related literature

  • Mikio Watanabe, "A Historical Consideration on Japan's Vaccination System," National Hygiene, Vol. 73, No. 6, Japan Society for National Hygiene, June 2010, pp. 6-243, two:10.3861 / jshhe.73.243.

Related item

外部 リンク

Utazu Town

Utazu Town(Utazucho) isKagawa Oftown.

It has the highest population density and population growth rate among local governments in Kagawa prefecture.The origin of the town name is in the old countyUta / Utari-gunIt means Notsu, and in ancient times it was also written as Unashitsu.

Geography

Along the Seto Inland Sea in Kagawa Prefecture, slightly west of the centerNakasanLocated in a rural area.The area is the smallest among the municipalities in the prefecture, adjacent to the east sideSakaideAnd the westMarugameIt is sandwiched between the two cities and is close to the center of both cities, but it is economically relatively affordable.Great Heisei mergerWas not merged by.

In the town, the area of ​​Aza Yoshida (Banno Rinkai Industrial Park(Part of) is a landfill, but since it is separated from other parts of the town by the Kitaura fishing port, access by land must go through the adjacent Sakaide city.Enclave.

  • Mountain: Aonoyama,, Kakuyama, Chausuyama
  • River: Otsuka River
  • Temples: A total of 9 temples, including 28 existing temples, abandoned temples in the past, and relocated ones
  • Udon restaurant: 2007(Heisei19 years)1Currently 11 houses

population

Population distribution of Utazu, Kagawa, Japan.svg
Population distribution by age in Utazu Town and the whole country (2005)Population distribution by age and gender in Utazu Town (2005)
■Purple-Utazu Town
■Green-All over Japan
■Blue-male
■Red-female

Changes in the population of Utazu Town (corresponding area)
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan
Population / Area by Utazu Town District (2010 Census)
ClassificationTotal number
(Man)
Male
(Man)
Female
(Man)
The number of households
(Household)
area
(m2)
The population density
(Man/km2)
Utazu *8,9424,3974,5453,7835,189,319.61,723.2
 Hamaichibancho357183174179315,659.31,131.0
HamaXNUMXbancho335154181250225,578.61,485.1
HamaXNUMXbancho1768987130330,036.2533.3
Hama XNUMXth Street420213207202152,478.02,754.5
HamaXNUMXbancho1,895941954853307,878.26,155.0
HamaXNUMXbancho1,848933915836205,480.38,993.6
HamaXNUMXbancho1,639784855712126,774.312,928.5
HamaXNUMXbancho820419401354164,260.64,992.1
Hama Kubancho811393418336138,421.25,858.9
New Utazu City Total8,3014,1094,1923,8521,966,566.74,221.1
Higashibun1,191586605415953,103.51,249.6
Total18,4349,0929,3428,0508,108,989.82,273.3

* Since the area of ​​"Utazu" does not have large letters, it is not a town name, a large letter name, or a district name, but it is displayed as "Utazu" for convenience.

Wide skirt

Northern end
North Latitude 34 Degrees 20 Minutes 17 Seconds East longitude 133 degree 49 min 15 sec /34.33806 degrees north latitude 133.82083 degrees east longitude / 34.33806; 133.82083 (The northernmost tip of Utazu Town)
↑
West end
North Latitude 34 Degrees 18 Minutes 39 Seconds East longitude 133 degree 48 min 22 sec /34.31083 degrees north latitude 133.80611 degrees east longitude / 34.31083; 133.80611 (The westernmost part of Utazu Town)←
Center point
North Latitude 34 Degrees 18 Minutes 44.5 Seconds East longitude 133 degree 49 min 29.5 sec /34.312361 degrees north latitude 133.824861 degrees east longitude / 34.312361; 133.824861 (Utazu Town Center Point)
Eastern end
→North Latitude 34 Degrees 18 Minutes 23 Seconds East longitude 133 degree 50 min 37 sec /34.30639 degrees north latitude 133.84361 degrees east longitude / 34.30639; 133.84361 (The easternmost point of Utazu Town)
↓
Southern tip
North Latitude 34 Degrees 17 Minutes 12 Seconds East longitude 133 degree 50 min 6 sec /34.28667 degrees north latitude 133.83500 degrees east longitude / 34.28667; 133.83500 (The southernmost tip of Utazu Town)

Oaza / Machicho

  • Utazu Town (area without large letters)
    • Aza Tsunosato, Aza Numa no Ike, Aza Jurakuji, Aza Naganawate, Aza Nakamura, Aza Yamashita, Aza Nishimachi, Aza Honmura, Aji Aminoura, Aza Shiohama, Aza Shinkai, Aza Hirayama, Aza Sakashita, Aza Chausuyama Tsuyama, Azaiwaya, Aonoyama, Azayoshida
  • Hama Ichibancho, Hama XNUMX Bancho, Hama XNUMX Bancho, Hama XNUMX Bancho, Hama XNUMX Bancho, Hama XNUMX Bancho, Hama XNUMX Bancho, Hama XNUMX Bancho, Hama XNUMX Bancho
  • Oaza Higashibun
    • Itabashi East, Itabashi West, Ushido, Sanhonmatsu, Honmura Nishi, Higashi Honmura, Ikenouchi, Yuki

Address notation

1955(Showa30 years)May 5Of the previous town areas, the area other than the area west of Prefectural Road 33 (Utazu New City, the area of ​​"Hama ○ Bancho") where the town is located has neither large letters nor towns, so the street address is written directly after the town name. , It will be in the form of "Utazu Town ○ Address ○".The postal code for areas without large letters is 769-0210.

The existence of this area without large letters and towns is a phenomenon that is rare nowadays due to repeated mergers between local governments, and there are other areas in the prefecture.Tonosho Town(part),Kotohira Town(part),Naoshima TownThe same example exists only in (whole area).Long time agoMunicipal systemWas enforced1890(Meiji23 years)May 2This is a phenomenon that was normally seen in local governments that did not merge with each other and that did not merge after that, and many local governments in the prefecture also applied to this phenomenon.Especially in the case of Utazu Town, although it did not merge with other local governments, as a result of the historical background of partial incorporation of other local governments and land reclamation, "areas without large letters and towns" and "large letters were set. There is a phenomenon that three patterns of "area where the town is set" and "area where the town is set" are mixed.

In addition, in the town blockHouse displayNo system has been introduced.

History

In ancient times, as a harborYamato Imperial CourtI was shipping tribute to.Many temples were built during the Kamakura period and are used as lodging facilities for soldiers.It will also establish an important position as a port for shipping supplies.

1363 years(Sadaharu2 years),Yosoyuki Hosokawa Kiyoshi HosokawaDefeated and set up a castle in Utazu,SanukiIt will be a guardian's office.From now on, it will be the center of politicsYosoyuki HosokawaEven when he ruled Shikoku as a branch, he lived in the castle of Utazu, so it became the center of Shikoku.

Chronological Table

Administration

Mayor

Successive mayors (public election)

  • The first Hyakunosuke Miki --June 21, 6-May 5, 23
  • Sanjiro Hirata II-June 23, 6-June 20, 35
  • Souji Motokawa III-June 35, 6-October 20, 45
  • Fourth generation Jiro Hirata --November 45, 11-March 8, 5 (Honorary citizen of Utazu Town)
  • 五代 米沢正文 - 平成5å¹´4月25日〜平成14å¹´9月13日(平成14å¹´9月8日に受託収賄容疑で逮捕され、13日失職)
  • Minoru Tanigawa, 14th --- October 10, 20-October 22, 10

Town hall organization

  • Administration Division
  • Crisis Management Division
  • Town development section
  • Regional Development Division
  • Water department
  • Tax department
  • Residents' Life Division
  • Health and Welfare Division
  • Health promotion section
  • Cash room
  • Board of Education School Education Division
  • Board of Education Lifelong Learning Division

Policemen

  • Kagawa Prefectural Police Sakaide Police Station Utazu Police Box

Fire

  • Utatsu Town Fire Brigade(There is no regular fire department in Utazu Town, and the fire brigade handles the initial response to disasters that occur in the town. Fire department and emergency services are handled by the adjacent Sakaide City Fire Department.)

National / prefectural institutions in the town

House of Representatives

ConstituencyRepresentative nameParty nameNumber of winsRemarks
2st Ward, Kagawa Prefecture(Utazu Town,Takamatsu(OldKokubunji Town-Kagawa Town-Konan Town-Shioe Town-Mure Town-Anji TownArea),Marugame(OldAyaka Town-Iiyama TownArea),Sakaide,Sanuki City,Higashikagawa,Miki Town,Ayagawa Town)Yuichiro TamakiNational Democratic Party4Constituency

legislation

Town council
  • Number of people: 10 people[4]
  • Chair: Takashi Miyamoto[5]
  • Vice-chairman: Yoshiki Aikawa[5]
Others

Kagawa Prefectural AssemblyThe constituency belongs to the Sakaide constituency, and the number is 3 when combined with the city.

Economy

Once vastShiodaIn the town whereYosan line(At that time, the Yosan Line) also passed through the east side from the present, and it used to beUtazu StationWas near the town hall.

after that,1980 eraAfter that, the salt fields were reclaimedRedevelopmentStarted, and along with the opening of the Seto Ohashi Bridge, the Yosan Line was relocated and around Utazu Station.ElevatedWithGold towerWith the enhancement of tourist and commercial facilities such as the above, the construction of high-rise condominiums, and the rush of middle-rise condominiums, great development was achieved.Although it is not as strong as it used to be, commercial facilities such as condominiums and supermarkets are still under construction and continue to develop.

But on the other hand in the suburbsShopping mall(AEON MALL Takamatsu-AEON MALL Ayagawa-Youme Town MarugameWith the construction of the above, the competition for commercial facilities has intensified, and the nuclear commercial facility "Utazu Vibre" has become20142Closed at the end.Aeon Group is on the siteMarnakaIt is a community-based shopping center centered onAeon Town UtazuThe2015It opened in October.Attached to Utazu Bibure and Aeon Town UtazuAeon Cinema Utazu(OldWarner Mycal CinemasUtazu) is the first in ShikokuCinema complexIt became.

industry

Specialty goods

  • salt-Irihama style restoration It is made in salt farms.

Education

Dedicated to pre-school and extra curricular

University/Junior college

high school

  • Not in town.

Junior high school

Town

primary school

Town

Kindergarten

Town
  • Utazu kindergarten
private
  • Aoyama kindergarten
  • Kagawa Junior College Kindergarten

Vocational school

Transportation

Railway line

In the townJR Shikoku OfUtazu StationThere,Yosan line TakamatsuDirection andMatsuyamaDirection,Honshi Bisan Line OkayamaIt connects the directions.This stationDosan LineでKochiMany limited express trains stop, including trains that go directly to the direction.

Transit Bus

  • Marugame Community Bus(Kotossan busIs outsourced operation)
  • Everyone's outing bus (Utazu-cho community bus)[Note 1] ――It has been a trial operation for 2 years since October 10nd year of Reiwa, and Asahi Transportation is a contract operation.There are two routes, East-West Course and North-South Course, and you can transfer to the Marugame Community Bus at JR Utazu Station.Events are held in the car every season (Halloween event, Christmas event, etc.).

Limousine bus

道路

The main road connecting the east and west of the town area passes through the northern part of the town area.Sanukihama Highway, Kagawa Prefectural Road 33 (former National Route 11) and National Route 11 passing through the south.There is no highway interchange in the town,Sakaide Interchange(Seto Chuo Expressway-Takamatsu Expressway) Is near the border with Sakaide City.From the direction of Okayama to the centerSakaide Kita Interchange(Half inter) is close.

General national road

Prefectural road

Road Station

Famous places, historic sites, sightseeing spots, festivals, special events

Sights/historic sites/tourist spots

  • Utazu Seaside Park
    • Utazu Sea Firefly (Utazu Town Industrial Museum) --Exhibits materials and tools related to salt farms.
    • Restored Shioda-RestoredIrihama salt farm.
  • Gold tower(Height 158m)
  • World Glassware Hall
  • Tokiwa Park
  • Blue mountain summit observatory
  • Shikoku Aquarium

Shrines, temples, temples

Festivals and events

  • Shiogama Shrine annual festival
  • Ubusuna ShrineAnnual festival
  • Utazu Machiya and Hina-san --Started in 2004, held every year in early March.Hina dolls from the Meiji era are displayed at the entrance of a private house[6].
  • Sanuki Film Festival - Aeon Cinema UtazuIs one of the venues.

communication

  • The area code is 0877 (Marugame MA).

Local character

Umin

Umin is an image character of Utazu Town and Utazu Sea Firefly.Born in April 17 as an image character of Utazu Seaside Park[7][8]..He has also been appointed as the Utazu Town Public Relations Captain.The motif is sea firefly.In July 17, the name U-Min was decided by recruiting Minato Oasis Utazuumi Firefly Image Character Naming.The name U-Min is composed of "Umi" which means "U" sea in Utazu and "Min" which means the people of Utazu.The U-Minto Yu-Min costume was completed in April 7 and was unveiled for the first time in the pedestrian paradise on April 22, 4.[9][10]..I have a lover named Yu-Min and two children, Na-Min.

Published Umin profile
  • Birthday: August 2005, 7
  • 身長: 180cm
  • Waist: 440 cm
  • Weight: Ups and downs are intense
  • Favorite food: Utazu's specialty salt caramel, salt candy[11]
Related characters

Yu-Min U-Min's lover.The name will be decided by open recruitment. The costume was completed in April 2010.A character born as a child of Na-Min U-Min and Yu-Min. Designs and names were solicited from the general public from June 4, and adoption was decided on September 2014, 6.The shape of the body represents the waves, and the color of the body represents the sunset in Seto.The guts pose is created in the shape of the waves of the body, expressing a bright and energetic personality.

Goods development and official website

Famous people

Works set in Utazu Town

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
注 釈
  1. ^ Everyone's outing bus(Utazu Town Community Bus)
Source
  1. ^ Illustrations Chapters of municipalities in Japan p194
  2. ^ a b "Town history”. Utazu Town. 2015/8/31Browse.
  3. ^ “The design of the local license plate in Utazu Town has been decided!” (Press Release), Utazu Town, (September 2010, 9), http://town.utazu.kagawa.jp/1news_kiji/20100928-2.html 2010/12/7Browse. 
  4. ^ Ordinance that sets the number of members of the Utazu Town Council (Enactment: September 14, 9 Ordinance No. 30)
  5. ^ a b "List of members". Utazu TownParliament (June 2020, 6). 2021/3/31Browse.
  6. ^ "Feeling and loveliness competition / Utazu Machiya and Hina-san" (Press Release), The Shikoku Shimbun, (March 2015, 3), http://www.shikoku-np.co.jp/kagawa_news/locality/20150228000273 2015/8/29Browse. 
  7. ^ 17 Public Relations Utazu September6 page
  8. ^ Utazu Town Official Website Image Character
  9. ^ You Plaza Utazu Kigurumi completed
  10. ^ 22 Public Relations Utazu SeptemberCover
  11. ^ U-Min Official Twitter

外部 リンク


 

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